|Scotland - a glossary of archaic terms, as well as a number of Modern Scots words and phrases, useful for genealogical research. Legal terms, words linked to property and possessions, found in wills and testaments.|
ABBACY, abbey, or abbot's office
ABOLEIST, vb. p. of aboleis, abolished
ABSOLVITOR, Judgement for the defender in a civil action
(when the court assoizies).
clothes, but said to be distinct etymologically from
2. arms, equipment
2. arms, equipment
the payment incidental to admission as a burgess.
ACCRETION, The enlargement of an inheritance/legacy
following the failure of a co-heir to prove their share.
guarantee undisturbed possession of land.
acts, legal documents recording what has been done; thus " askit
actis," i.e., asked to have it recorded.
ADJUGE, sentence to pay a fine
CHARTER OF, charter granted by the crown to a creditor of the
estate of his debtor in satisfaction of the debt.
ADMINICLE, Supporting documentary evidence (in proving the
existence and nature of a lost deed).
ADNUL, vb. annul, p. adnullit, annulled
e.g., advise affairs, look to, see after.
(advoke), bring a judgment before a higher tribunal for
AE, only (e.g. son) ae coo's meat; enough land to raise one cow. Ae fur land, because of incline can only be plowed in one direction
AFOIR, before (M.Sc. afore)
one related on the father's side.
heir; airis, heirs ; air
by progress, heir by virtue of the usual titles to the estate ; airschip
guidis, moveable goods falling to the heir as such.
AIRE, circuit court
AIRTH, quarter from which the wind blows (e.g., a room lighted to every airth) ; a particular quarter.
AISLE, covered burial place annexed to a church
AITSEED, aitsen tyme; the season for the sowing of oats
AIXIES, ague, fever
ALHALLOW, Allhallowtide. Alhallow day, All Saints Day
ALLEGEANCE, n. pl. allegings, allegations
ALLEKAY, 1. bridegroom's attendant 2. footman or lackey
process of, legal process for the maintenance of children, wife, or parent.
ALLYE, kinship 2. allies or associate. Allyat, allied
ALMERAL, ammiral; admiral
(amend), 1. compensation 2. fine.
AMERCIAT, 1. fined 2. a fine
cupboard (Fr. armoire).
ANDERMESS, Andersmess, St Andrew's Day (November 30th)
about, concerning; cp. foranent.
ANNALZIE, transfer of ownership to another
ANNAT, ann, anna, initial six months or year's income due in payment to executors of an estate
appurtenances, things annexed to land.
ANNEX, (as annesis,) a minor property subsidiary to a more important one
RENT (annel-rent, @-rent, annuellis), interest on money, or mortgage ;
the yearly rent.
ANNUALLAR someone in receipt of annual rent, as above
ANSUER, ansuere, ansueir, answer ; ansuert, answered
ANTECESSOUR, antecestre, antecestor; ancestor
ANTICIPET, anticipated vb.p.
APAYN OF, under penalty of
(appeirand air), whereby the
succession process has begun for someone following the death of a predecessor
but is yet incomplete (not to be confused with heir-apparent).
APPOINT, order the destination of property (in court).
APPREHEND, seize in the name of the law.
APPRISE, to place and value on and sell the land of a debtor in order to pay off the debt
(apprysing), the same as
Pendicle, thing hung on to, often a small portion of land.
ARAGE, arrage, feudal service with avers or draught-cattle
ARAND, ploughing, tilling (O.E. earing, Lat. arans)
1. arbitrator (chosen voluntarily by the parties concerned to settle a dispute).
a main street in Dundee, originally called the Ergaydilis-gat,
or Ergeylis get, probably from Ergadia,
the early designation of the Argyle family. The street was also called the Overgait.
See Maxwell's Old Dundee, p. 89 n.
ARK, arch, 1. a chest or trunk, suitable for storing grain, etc 2. Mill waterway
ARLE, take into service on payment of a sum of money
(or arles), earnest money given
to servants to bind an engagement ; cp. arlis-pennie.
ARREST, 1. apprehend 2. seize property of a debtor
which is being held by a third party.
ARRESTEE, the person from whom a third party's assets are
loosing, relaxing attachment for debt.
OR PART (now art and part), "be art and part in", to be involved,
or an accessory in.
AS, after comparative = than ; mair as, comp. more than, (German mehr als)
ACCORDS (of law), agreeable to law.
ASHET, a large, usually oval but occasionally round, serving plate, sometimes lavishly decorated (Fr. assiette)
easement, convenience, advantage.
a tack or letting (setting) of land for a term.
(Assedat: let or leased)
(Assedat: let or leased)
ASSIGNATION, deed assigning debts or rights to another, assigna(y); assignee
jury, or inquest.
2. assize herring; royalty of
herring due to king from herring fishermen
2. assize herring; royalty of herring due to king from herring fishermen
ASSOILZIE, acquit, hold not liable (civil action).
ASSUME, to levy a tax on church property
ASSYTH, compensation, indemnification, reparation
ASTRENZE, place under obligation
AS WODINSDAY, Ask Wedinsday, Ash Wednesday
ATTINGENT, close, in terms of age or relationship
besides; by and attour, over
This can mean "eight," or "eighth", sometimes "
owned" or "owed", as well as a possession.
AUNTIE, an unmarried woman keeping a tavern 2. a drink purchased in such a tavern
AUTHOR, the individual from whom a title/ownership is originated, i.e. by sale or gift
(avair), 1. draught horse, old horse. 2. to assert
as fact in proceedings.
2. to assert as fact in proceedings.
AWARD (or awat), ground ploughed after the first crop from lea (ley) or fey ; see s. Ley.
AYE AND WHILE, until
AYR - IS, heir, -s
|This glossary is under constant revision. We welcome all contributions of archaic terms linked to Scotland, that may be helpful in genealogical research. Please complete the SUGGESTIONS FORM with your ideas, additions and corrections. Thanks!|
Plesure procuris pane
and pane procuris piete
and piete plesure cravis agane
quhilk aucht In lufe to be.
quod Robert Wedderburn 1546-1611
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