|Scotland - a glossary of archaic terms, as well as a number of Modern Scots words and phrases, useful for genealogical research. Legal terms, words linked to property and possessions, found in wills and testaments.|
CADDIE, military cadet
CADUCIAR, subject to, by means of
CAIBE, cabinet maker
CAIRD, tinker, pot-mender
CAIRT, cart, 1. ship's chart 2. Cart. Cairt gate; road used by carts
CALSAY, causeway, street
CANDAVAIG, type of salmon
CANDLEMAS, 2nd of February, a Scottish quarter day (with Lammas, Martinmas and Whitsunday). The days on which farm contracts, leases, rents began and ended.
CANNY, canvas ; e.g., canny
lynt, canny dammas.
CAPE, a privateer. Caping, capring, privateering
CAPELLANE, cheplaine, a chaplain
CAPER, bread or oatcake with butter and cheese 2. Pirate's vessel, privateer
CAPTION, arrest. Captour; court-appointed individual to apprehend criminals
CARAGE, carraige, a form of servitude by which a tenant was bound to carry for the proprietor a stipulated quantity of coals, grain, etc., or to serve him with men and horses a certain number of days in the year.
CARDOW, work illegally in a trade without being a freeman, cardower,
CARDOWER, 1.illegal worker in trade 2. travelling tinker or tradesman 3. travelling tailor
CARECAKE, small cake eaten on Shrove Tuesday
CARE SONDAY, Passion Sunday
CARTOW, quarter cannon (cannonball weighing a quarter of a hundredweight)
CAST, repeal as illegal, cancel, annul
CASTELLAW, flour or cheese measure
CASTELLWARD, payment in lieu of the required feudal service of guarding a castle
CASTING UP THE HERETAGE,
i.e. taking up peats on the estate
CASUALTY, miscellaneous item of revenue due from a tenant under certain circumstances
CATERAN, an outlaw (Highlands) 2. Band of outlaws
CATHEAD, poor quality ironstone
CAURIE, see cautioner
CAUSEY PAIKER, prostitute
CAUS WIN AND LEAD AWAY,
cause to dry and cast away ; to " win
peats " is to dry them.
CAUTIONER, surety ; cautioner,
CAVEL, a division, share of property, assigned by lot
CEDENT, an individual who assigns property to another
CESSIO BONORUM, legal process enabling a debtor to avoid prison by surrendering all his means, on the assumption that he was not guilty of fraud
CESSIONER, an individual who is in receipt of property that has been ceded by another
CHAKKERAW, the Exchequer Row ; and also a
chequered cloth or chess board.
CHALDER, a measure of sixteen bolls.
CHALLENDER, maker of coverlets
CHALLOP, shallop, large boat
CHAMBER IRON CHIMNEY,
an iron grate for a room.
CHAMBERLAIN, chamerlane, 1. a principal officer of the Scottish Royal household 2. circuit court presided over by the chamberlain.
CHAMLET, light cloak, garment, dyced,
camlet in squares, chequered.
CHAMPART, the share of produce due under the feudal system
CHAPPIN, see Chopin
CHARTER, a document of title, grant from the crown or superior, the conveyance of an estate.
CHARTEROUR, a Carthusian
CHAUMER, chalmirleir, chambermaid. Chaumercheild, valet
CHECK WHEEL, a wheel for spinning lint, with a
check inserted to stop the wheel when so much is spun.
CHEKKER, chakker, official auditor appointed to hear court cases relating to royal revenues
CHETERY, land reverting to the feudal lord when the tenant died intestate (escheat)
CHILDER, 1. ordinary sailors, hands on ship 2. people in general
CHILDIR, cheldyr, children
CHIMNEY CREWKES, hooks for hanging pots
over the fire.
CHIMNEY GALLOWES, projecting beam on which
to hang cooking vessels.
See s. Raxes.
a spit for roasting.
chirugenair, surgeon. From Greek, meaning a
worker with the hand.
CHOPIS BAK, back shops.
CHRISTIN, Cristin, Christian. Chrissenmas, Christinmes, Christmas
CINQUEFOIL, a charge in heraldry, consisting
of five leaves.
CISTEUS, a Cistercian
CITE, city. (pl. citeis)
CITINAR, pl. citinares, citizen(s)
CLAG claim against property
CLAIS (clathis), clothes.
CLAMANT, demand for redress
CLAP DYKE, wall for drainage, usually turf or earth
CLARE CONSTAT, precept of, a writ granted by a
subject superior for entering in a property an heir, whose right clearly appears
(clare constat) from documents.
CLAYTH (claith, clath), cloth
CLEARANCES, The, practice of removing tenants from land, mainly to enlarge and improve farming efficiency (Highlands)
CLEIT, small stone construction for drying peat (St Kilda)
CLEPE AND CALL, a court summons
CLERK OF THE BILLS, the official who takes charge of the bills of complaint presented to the court.
CLOUT, small piece of land
CLUB, apprentice (usually in shoemaking) who is not yet a freeman
pillow or cushion; COADWAIR (codwair),
pillow slip, cushion cover. Anglo‑Saxon, codd,
a lag ; waer,
COAL (Coll) FAULD, coal yard. Coll bearer; female worker carrying the coal on her back from the coal face to the surface. Coll heuch, mine. Collever, coal-bearing horse
e.g., of salmon, a small craft or
fishing boat ; or of a kiln, a vessel for steeping malt.
Coble and net, the symbols used in
the transference of ownership of fishing rights. 2. a malt-steeping vat
Coble and net, the symbols used in the transference of ownership of fishing rights. 2. a malt-steeping vat
coket, coquet), a certificate under the seal of the proper
officer that the customs have been paid on goods exported from such and such a
of cocquet, or coqueter,
the officer granting the certificates.
COFE, coffing, an exchange
COFT, bought ; cp, German, kaüfen, and
COGNITION, the magisterial act of recognizing an heir, as entitled to be seized in property. Thus to be "cognosced heir " is to be formally recognised as such.
COGSTER, flax dresser
COLLAR, haysheaf maker
COLLEP, a type of drinking vessel
COMBURGES, co-burgess, fellow-burgess.
COMMISSARIOT, local registry far confirmation
or probate of wills and for grants of administration, commissary,
the officer making the confirmation or grant.
COMITE OF STATES, committee of estates.
COMMIXTION, Mixing together of property of various owners, with varying effect on the owners' rights.
COMMODITIES, advantages, benefits stemming from the possession/use of property
COMPEAR, to appear, generally in a legal proceeding before the Court.
COMPOSITOR, componitour, compositioun, 1. arbitrator in legal disputes 2. sum paid in settlement 3. agreement for settlement
COMPROMIT, settlement or agreement
COMPRYSING, lit. comprehending, but legally a
process similar to apprysing,
COMPT (accompt), account.
CONDESCEND, to state the facts. Condescendance, a summary of the facts in a legal proceeding.
CONDUCE, employ, take on, hire
CONDUCK, conduct, water channel
CONFIRMATION OF A GRANT,
Confirmation of a charter by an overlord or subject superior.
CONFIRMATION OF A WILL;
see a. Commissariot.
CONJUNCT, joint ; e.g. conjunct
feftment, fee shared in jointly, conjunct
fiar, ownership of land
by more than one person jointly. 2. Connected by blood
2. Connected by blood
CONNEX, connexis, appurtenances, things connected with an estate ; cp. Annexis.
CONNOTAR, a public notary acting in tandem with another
CONQUEISH, conquess, consques, conquis, to conquer ; to acquire property by purchase,
donation or exchange, as opposed to by inheritance.
CONQUEST, HEIR OF,
an heir succeeding not by descent from the predecessor but by ascent, as
representing an older line, e.g., when the second of three brothers or his heir
dies, the youngest succeeded to the heretable but the eldest to the conquest
property. The distinction between heritage and conquest was abolished in 1874.
CONSANGUINEAN, A brother or sister who has the same father but
not the same mother.
betrothed, and in Scotland legally equivalent to marriage; consent being legally
enough, and the public ceremony of marriage being introduced in order to make so
important a contract known, though not essential to it ; see Stair.
COP, cup used as liquor or grain measure
COPER GUIS PAN,
copper pan for cooking geese.
CORDINER, cordwainer, shoemaker.
CORNEL, crownell, crowner, colonel
CORSHOUS, building standing crossways to the others
COSE, cosse, an exchange, usually of lands.
COSNANT, wages without board
COST SIDE, (sea) coast
COTHOUSE, cottage, labourer's house
tenant occupying farm cottage, sometimes with a small plot of land, in return
for labouring on the farm Cottar land,
land attachd to a cottage
Cottar land, land attachd to a cottage
COUNCILLOR, counsellor, town councillor, or sometimes advocate.
COUNTERMAISTER, ship's mate
COUP, 1. basked used to catch salmon 2. enclosed cart used to carry manure, or earth 3. cup
COUPER, herring dealer. Couper-boit, a herring dealer's boat
COURT PLAINT, the feudal privilege of dealing with complaintes made to a court of justice.
COURTESY, liferent, entitlement to income from the heritage of a deceased
CRANCA, (possibly also)
crance, a garland; also a stuff made of hair.
CRANIS, cran, a crane of herrings is a barrelful of unsalted herrings.
CRANNOG, ancient lake dwelling
CREAR, small merchant vessel
CREEL, wicker basket for fish.
CREEP (a hood of), crape,
CREVE, petition for one's right
CRO, financial compensation, recompense for a killing that has taken place
CROFT, a small piece of land adjoining a house ; cp. Crofter.
CROSS DWELLING, lodging.
CROWDIE-MOWDIE, oatmeal and water eaten uncooked
CROWNES OF THE SUN
(sone). French coins, so-called
from the mint mark ; value about fourteen shillings.
CRUE, croy, hovel
CRUK, circle, hook.
CRUKIT HAUCHE, winding low ground beside a river.
CRUMMOCK, type of edible tuber or skirret, a rootplant
CRYIT FAIR, fair with advance public proclamation
CUCH BED, a couch bed.
CUIK, cuke, cook
CULVERING, 1. handgun 2. Large cannon
CUMMER, kimmer, witch
CUMPTOUR, A counter, accountant.
CUNIGAR, cuningar, rabbit warren
CUNNAR, cunstar, ale taster
CUNTRA (cuntray, cuntre), country (pl. cuntris)
CUNYIE, corner plot of land
CUNZEHOUS, the mint ; cunzeour,
master of the mint.
CURATOR, curat, guardian of an infant between fourteen and
twenty-one years of age, as opposed to tutor,
guardian of a child under fourteen.
CURATOR AD LITEM, guardian of a minor in a suit or of a wife in a process v. her husband.
CURROUR, Forest warden
CUSTOMAR, collector of customs dues.
CUTHILL, a wood
CUTTER, someone who cuts down trees for wood without permission
|This glossary is under constant revision. We welcome all contributions of archaic terms linked to Scotland, that may be helpful in genealogical research. Please complete the SUGGESTIONS FORM with your ideas, additions and corrections. Thanks!|
|THE PROPHECIE OF
Of Bruces left side shall spring out a leif
As neere as the ninth degree,
And shall be flemed of faire Scotland,
In France farre beyond the see,
And then shall come againe riding,
With eyes that many may see;
At Aberladie he shall light,
With hempen holters and hors of tre.
How euer it happen for to fall,
The Lyon shal be Lord of all;
The French wife shal beare the Sonne,
And from the Bruces blood shall come
As neere as the ninth degree.
Included in Lord Hailes' 'Remarks on the history of Scotland (1773), said to have been composed just after the Battle of Flodden, announcing the arrival of the Duke of Albany from whom as Regent great things were hoped, albeit in vain.
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