Sources & References - New Jersey
History of Colony of Nova-Caesaria or New-Jersey
by Samuel Smith, 1765
Ship Passenger Lists New York and New Jersey (1600-1825)

Samuel Smith. The History of the Colony of Nova-Caesaria, or New-Jersey:
Containing an Account of Its First Settlement, Progressive Improvements,
the Original and Present Consitution, and Other Events, to the Year 1721.
With Some Particulars Since, and a Short View of Its Present State, 2nd
Edition.  Trenton: William S. Sharp, 1877 [Lancour No. 111].

	The following excerpts are from chapters 5 and 6 , pages 77-111.
The contents and paging of the second edition are identical to those of
the first, published in 1765.  In the copy below the use of quotation
marks has been altered to conform to modern usage.

Andros being now seated in his government, we shall leave him, and take 
a view of other matters: First respecting the arrival of a few passengers
from England to West-Jersey: one moiety or half part of the province of 
New-Jersey, belonged to the lord Berkeley, and now about was sold to John 
Fenwick, in trust for Edward Byllinge and his assigns.  Fenwick in 1675, 
set sail to visit the new purchase in a ship from London, called the 
Griffith; arriving after a good passage, he landed at a pleasant rich
spot, situate near Delaware, by him called Salem, probably from the peaceable
aspect it then bore.  He brought with him two daughters, and many servants, 
two of which, Samuel Hedge and John Adams, afterwards married his daughters;
other passengers were, Edward Champness, Edward Wade, Samuel Wade, John Smith
and his wife, Samuel Nichols, Richard Guy, Richard Noble, Richard Hancock, 
John Pledger, Hipolite Lufever, and John Matlock; these; and others with 
them, were masters of families.  This was the first English ship that came to
West-Jersey, and none followed for near two years, owing probably to a 
difference between Fenwick and Byllinge....
	[Then mention of a commissioner, James Wasse, "who is gone in
Samuel Groome's ship for Maryland"....]
	[Following are instructions from the Proprietors, Gawen Laurie,
William Penn, Nicholas Lucas, E. Byllinge, John Edridge and Edmond Warner:]
	"1. We desire you to get a meeting with John Fenwick, and the people
that went with him, (but we would not have you tell your business,) until you
get them together; then show and read the deed of partition with George
Carteret; also the transactions between William Penn, Nicholas Lucas, Gawen
Lawrie, John Edridge and Edmond Warner, and then read our letter to John
Fenwick and the rest, and shew John Fenwick he hath no power to sell any
land there, without the consent of John Edridge and Edmond Warner...."
	"...[W]hen James Wasse is in Maryland, he may enquire for one
Augustin, who as we hear did found most part of Delaware river and the 
creeks; He is an able surveyor;...."
	"5. If John Fenwick, and those concerned with him, be willing to
join with you in those things as above, which is just and fair, then he or
any of them, may go along with you in your business; and let them pay their 
proportion of what is paid to the natives, with other charges:  And so he
and they may dispose of their lots with consent of John Edridge and Edmund
Warner: which lots are, 20, 21, 26, 27, 36, 47, 50, 57, 63, 72...."
	Among other purchasers of the West-Jersey lands, were two companies,
one made up of some friends in Yorkshire, (as hinted in the concessions) the 
other of some friends in London; who each contracted for considerable shares, 
for which they had patents.  In 1677, comissioners (agreeable to expectation 
given) were sent by the proprietors, with power to buy the lands of the 
natives; to inspect the rights of such as claimed property, and to order the
lands laid out; and in general to administer the government, pursuant to the
concessions: These comissioners were Thomas Olive, Daniel Wills, John Kinsey, 
John Penford, Joseph Helmsley, Robert Stacy, Benjamin Scott, Richard Guy and
Thomas Foulke [Richard Guy came in the first ship: John Kinsey, died at
Shackamaxon soon after his landing....].  They came in the Kent, 
Gregory Marlow, master, being the second ship from London, to the western 
parts: After a tedious passage they arrived at New-Castle, the 16th of the
6th month [August], O.S. King Charles the second, in his barge, pleasuring 
on the Thames, came along side, seeing a great many passengers, and informed
whence they were bound, asked if they were all quakers, and gave them his 
blessing. They Landed their passengers, two hundred and thirty in number,
about Rackoon creek, where the Swedes had some scattering habitations; but
they were too numerous to be all provided for in houses; some were obliged
to lay their beds and furniture in cow stalls, and appartments of that sort;
among other inconveniences to which this exposed them, the snakes were now
plenty enough to be frequently seen upon the hovels under which they 
shelter'd: Most of the passengers in this ship were of those called quakers; 
some of good estates in England.  The commissioners had before left them, 
and were by this time got to a place called Chygoes Island [after an Indian
chief who lived there, afterwards Burlington], their business being to treat
with the Indians about the land there, and to regulate the settlements,
having not only the proprietors but governor Andros's commission for that
	When arrived at their government, they applied to the Swedes for
Interpreters between them and the Indians:  By their help they made a 
purchase from Timber Creek to Rankokas Creek, another from Oldman's
Creek to Timber Creek: After this they got Henrie Jacobson Falconbre, 
to be their interpreter, and purchased from Rankokas Creek to Assunpinck:
But when they had agreed upon this last purchase, they had not Indian goods
sufficient to pay the consideration, yet gave them what they had, to get
the deed signed; they were however obliged to agree with the Indians not
to settle till the remainder was paid: Having travelled through the country
and viewed the land, the Yorkshire commissioners, Joseph Helmsley, William
Emley and Robert Stacy, on behalf of the first purchasers, chose from the
falls of Delaware down, which was hence called the first tenth; the London
commissioners, John Penford, Thomas Olive, Daniel Wills, and Benjamin Scott,
on behalf of the ten London proprietors, chose at Arwaumus, (in and about 
where the town of Gloucester now is) this was called the second tenth: To 
begin a settlement there, Olive sent up servants to cut hay for cattle he 
had bought: When the Yorkshire commissioners found the others were like to
settle at such a distance, they told them, if they would agree to fix by
them, they would join in settling a town, and that they should have the
largest share, in consideration that they (the Yorkshire commissioners) had
the best land in the woods: Being few, and the Indians numerous, they agreed
to it.  The commissioners employed Noble, a surveyor, who came in the first 
ship, to divide the spot....  The town thus by mutual consent laid out, the
commissioners gave it the name first of New-Beverley, then Bridlington, but
soon changed it to Burlington. Some of the masters of families that came in
the ship last mentioned, and settled in that neighborhood, were Thomas Olive,
Daniel Wills, William Peachy, William Clayton, John Crips, Thomas Eves, Thomas
Harding, Thomas Nositer, Thomas Fairnsworth, Morgan Drewet, William Pennton, 
Henry Jenings, William Hibes, Samuel Lovett, John Woolston, William Woodmancy,
Christopher Saunders, and Robert Powell: John Wilkinson and William Perkins,
were likewise with their families passengers, but dying on the voyage, the
latter were exposed to additional hardships, which were however moderated by
the care of their fellow passengers: Perkins was early in life convinced of
the principles of those called Quakers, and lived well in Leicestershire; 
but seeing an account of the country wrote by Richard Hartshore, and forming
views of advantage to his family, tho' in his 52d year, he, with his wife,
four children and some servants, embarked in this ship: Among the latter was
one Marshall, a carpenter, particularly serviceable in fitting up habitations
for the new comers; but it being late in the fall when they arrived, the winter
was much spent before the work was begun; in the interim they lived in wigwams,
built after the manner of the Indians.  Indian corn and venison, supplied by
the Indians, was their chief food....
	Having traced this ship's company into winter quarters, the next in
course is the Willing Mind, John Newcomb commander; she arrived from
London, in November, and dropt anchor at Elsingburgh [1677]; brought about 
sixty or seventy passengers: Some settled at Salem, others at Burlington;
among the former were James Nevill, Henry Salter, and George Deacon, with
their families. In this year also arrived the Flie-Boat Martha, of
Burlington, (Yorkshire), sailed from Hull the latter end of summer, with one
hundred and fourteen passengers, designed to settle the Yorkshire tenth: Some
masters of the families in this ship, were Thomas Wright, William Goforth, 
John Lynam, Edward Season, William Black, Richard Dungworth, George Miles,
William Wood, Thomas Schooley, Richard Harrison, Thomas Hotten, Samuel Tylor,
Marmaduke Horsman, William Oxley, William Ley, and Nathaniel Luke; the families
of Robert Stacy and Samuel Odas; and Thomas Ellis and John Batts, servants,
sent by George Hutchinson, also came in this ship. Twenty of the passengers,
perhaps more, were living 45 years afterwards.
	In one of these ships, or about this time however, arrived John Kinsey,
then a young man; his father one of the commissioners aforementioned, dying 
on his arrival, the care of his family fell to his; he was afterwards a man
of distinguished services, in several public stations; and his son after him, 
of the name, the late chief justice of Pennsylvania, must be long remembered
by many in both provinces....
	In the 10th month [December] O.S. 1678, arrived the Shield,
from Hull, Daniel Towes commander, one of the ships mentioned in the above 
letter, and dropped anchor before Burlington, being the first ship that came
so far up Delaware: Against Coaquanock [now Philadelphia] being a bold shore,
she went so near in turning, that part of the tacking struck the trees; some
on board then remarked it was a fine spot for a town: A fresh gale brought her
to Burlington: She moor'd to a tree, and the next morning the people came 
ashore on the Ice, so hard had the river suddenly frozen.  In her came
William Emley, the second time, with his wife, two children, one born by the
way, two men and two women servants; Mahlon Stacy, his wife, children and
several servants, men and women; Thomas Lambert, his wife, children and several
men and women servants; John Lambert and servant; Thomas Revell, his wife, 
children and servants; Godfrey Hancock, his wife, children and servants;
Thomas Potts, his wife and children; John Wood and four children; Thomas
Wood, his wife and wife and children; Robert Murtin, his wife and two children;
Robert Schooly, his wife and children; James Pharo, his wife and children;
Susannah Fairnsworth, her children and two servants; Richard Tattersal, his
wife and children; Godfrey Newbold, John Dewsbury, Richard Green, Peter
Fretwell, John Fretwell, John Newbold, one Barns, a merchant from Hull, 
Francis Barwick, George Parks, George Hill, John Heyres, and several more.
	In this year also arrived a ship from London, which brought John Denn,
Thomas Kent, John Hollinshead, with their families; William Hewlings, Abraham 
Hewlings,  Jonathan Eldridge, John Petty, Thomas Kirby, with others: The first
of these settled about Salem, the rest at Burlington. About this time, and a
few years afterwards, arrived at Burlington, the following settlers from 
England, viz, John Butcher, Henry Grubb, William Butcher, William Brightwin,
Thomas Gardner, John Budd, John bourten, Seth Smith, Walter Pumphrey, Thomas
Ellis, James Satterthwaite, Richard Arnold, John Woolman, John Stacy, Thomas
Eves, Benjamin Duffield, John Payne, Samuel Cleft, William Cooper, John Shinn,
William Biles, John Skein, John Warrel, Anthony Morris, Samuel Bunting, Charles
Read, Francis Collins, Thomas Mathews, Christopher Wetherill, John Dewsbury,
John Day, Richard Basnett, John Antrom, William Biddle, Samuel Furnace, John
Ladd, Thomas Raper, Roger Huggins and Thomas Wood.


Webpages/Copyright, Bishop Computing 1997
Date last modified: 13 November 97