King Sam Woolsey 1832 - 1879







King Samuel Woolsey 1832 - 1879





KING SAMUEL WOOLSEY (MICHAEL C8 , JOHN IV7 , JOHN III6, , JOHN II5, , JOHN4 , GEORGE "JORIS"3 , GEORGE SR2 , WILLIAM WOLSEY1) was born 1832 in AL, and died June 29, 1879 in AZ - Phoenix, Maricopa. He married (1) LULEE "LUCY" YAQUI 1865 in AR - Agua Fria Ranch, Maricopa. She was born 1850 in AR. He married (2) MARY H TAYLOR May 28, 1871 in AZ - Agua Caliente, Maricopa, daughter of PATTERSON TAYLOR and MARY JOHNSON. She was born 1844 in GA - Madison, Morgan, and died December 28, 1928 in AZ - Phoenix, Maricopa.

Photos of King Samuel Woolsey
  1. Sharlot Hall Museum - Photo 1
  2. Sharlot Hall Museum - Photo 2

ON-LINE: Pioneer & Military Memorial Park
There is no actual cemetery named 'Pioneer Cemetery' in Phoenix. The official name of the seven cemeteries located in the vicinity of 14th Avenue and Madison Street is the Pioneer & Military Memorial Park. Our organization's name, Pioneers' Cemetery Association, Inc., was chosen to reflect our interest in all of Arizona's historic cemeteries.

LAST NAME, FIRST NAME, DEATH DATE, AGE, CEMETERY, MARKER
Woolsey, Jose, 22 Jul 1909, 38, Loosley, no
Woolsey, King S., 30 Jun 1879, 47, Loosley, yes
Woolsey, Luis, 24 Jun 1913, 40, Loosley, no

1832 - Born in Alabama and raised in Louisiana, Woolsey's contribution to the early settlement of the Arizona Territory was monumental.

1849 - Woolsey arrived in California via a British ship. It is rumored his prior activities involved military action in Cuba, was jailed and freed by the British Consul.

In California Woolsey was a miner for nearly a decade. His success in this venture is not recorded. He moved to Yuma, AZ, area working for a brief time as a teamster, then bought the Agua Caliente Ranch. Here he dug an irrigation ditch to power a small flour mill and water his fields of hay. Woolsey secured a contract to supply the California Column of Union troops during the Civil War. He did not let his Southern sympathies get in the way of money.

1863 He established the Agua Fira ranch near present day Dewey, AZ. On the eastern edge of civilization, he farmed, ranched and mined. His ranch was built with stones from a nearby prehistoric ruin, the thatched roof was covered with dirt and he enclosed the property with a stone wall about shoulder high.

Woolsey was also subject to Indian attacks. His first encounter with the Apaches was with two companions after they had returned to the Agua Fira ranch with a load of hay. They found themselves surrounded and outnumbered. Woolsey calmly faced this roving band with their only weapon - a double-barrelled shotgun. He waited until the chief came within a few paces and fired. The chief was instantly killed. The leaderless band fled.

In another incident on a mining expedition, King and his group were being harrassed by Apaches. Suggesting a tall Woolsey succeeded in getting the Apaches into camp. During the arrival King mixed some pinole (a mashed corn meal) with strychnine and placed it in a light pack on a burro. While Woolsey and the Chief were talking, the warriors were looting and found the pinole. Downing the deadly eats, one Indian, then another fell into a fit and rolled on the ground. Frighten by the site of the menancing visitors left in a hurry.

1864 as thefts and menacing activity increased, Lieutenant Woolsey led three expeditions agains the Apaches killing a number of the "enemy" with only a loss of a few of his men.

1870's (Early 1870's) King centered his business in the Salt River Valley area of Arizona developing a ducrative trade of packaged salt and with partners established the Phoenix Flour Mills. He served on the Territorial Council five times. Twice as the president.

1879 - In his fourty-seventh year and at the height of his success, King Woolsey suffered a stroke of apoplexy and died June 30, 1879. He is buried in the Pioneer Memorial Park in Phoenix, AZ. The inscription on his headstone readsy "He braved dangers and hardships of frontier life for 19 years with success and the hero of many battled with the Apaches in Arizona."

King Woolsey, 1832-1879
Arizona Historical Foundation

Born in Alabama sometime around 1832, Woolsey came from a large land-holding family who moved to the Arkansas-Louisiana border, attended schools in both states and was being prepared for the priesthood in a Catholic seminary when at around 15 he rebelled and escaped.

Supposedly he joined a filibustering expedition to Cuba and in 1850 went in California. In 1855 he joined William Walker on an ill-fated expedition to Nicaraugua and afterwards he returned to California where he remained for some years.

Hearing about rich mineral discoveries along the Colorado River in 1860, he traveled by horseback from Calaveras County by way of San Francisco in the company of a Mr. Benedict and a Colonel Jackson. Armed but only possessing five dollars between them they arrived at Fort Yuma where Woolsey obtained employment as a mule driver while his companions moved on to Yavapai County.

Woolsey soon formed a partnership with George Martin, a druggist, and bought the Agua Caliente Ranch, a promising spot on the north side of the Gila River eighty miles above Yuma for $1800 in gold. It was a well watered spot, boasted luxurious grasses fed by springs and was a favorite stopping place for freighters and travels on the road between Tucson and Yuma. Here, Woolsey raised cattle and horses. When word reached Wooley that Colonel Albert Sydney Johnson was traveling overland with a party bound for secessia, Woolsey made plans to join him at Maricopa wells. The scheme was ironically thwarted by illness which kept him from meeting Johnson.

In 1862, near Burke's station in the act of filling one of his hay contracts for the army, Woolsey, accompanied by a couple of employees, was attacked by a band of 15-20 Apaches. Unarmed except for a shotgun, Woolsey tried first to dissuade his attackers, but when the Indians, sensing their advantage closed in for the kill, Woolsey Cooly stood his ground and brought down a chief with a load of buckshot.

When the Walker Party, ostensibly miners, but suspected of being in sympathy with the South, stopped off at the Agua Caliente Ranch in the spring of 1863, Woolsey joined them as an "independent prospector" in searches up the Agua Fria. With John Dickson, a member of Walker's group he took up a ranch on the lower Agua Fria some 25 miles east of Prescott. Though he did not remain long in "Woolsey Valley"--as his Yavapai Ranch came to be called--he returned to the Agua Caliente Ranch to begin construction of a wagon road from the Gila to the Walker Diggings on the Hassayampa River.

Experiences in the region with raiding Tonto and Pinal Apaches who came to look on the miners as new sources of plunder, convinced Woolsey that nothing short of forceful action could save the day. Ranchers, settlers and miners around Wickenburg, Peeples Valley, Walnut Grove and along the Verde were increasingly marauded of cattle and horses.

His attitude towards Apaches unquestionably hardened when the Agua Fria Ranch came in for raids and stock stolen. On one of his numerous trips from Agua Caliente to the Weaver and Walker Diggings, he was prevailed upon by angry miners to organize and lead a company of frontiersmen to mete out retribution to the attackers.

Hurriedly organizing 28 men, handy with rifle and pistol, Woolsey in January 1864 set out on the trail of stolen stock. From the Hassayampa to the Agua Fria which they crossed twelve miles above Frog Tanks, they rode down the Black Canyon, crossed the Verde but encountered no Indians. After 16 days, provision ran out and Woolsey sent a small party to the Pima Villages on the Gila for fresh supplies. When the needed supplies returned accompanied by a band of fourteen Maricopa warriors under Chief Juan Chivaria, two whites also joined named Cyrus Lennan and a man named Fisher.

Through a friendly Yuma named Jack, Woolsey invited the Apaches to come in for talk. When they approached, Woolsey met with the Indian delegation. Paramucka, one of the Apache sub-chiefs did most of the talking. While the talks were proceeding an Apache brave entered the council dragging two lances at his heels. Another came with knives which were distributed among the onlookers. At the height of the negotiations, an Indian boy rushed in out of breath and said Delshay had ordered them to withdraw from the conference as he was about to attack all Whites and Maricopas.

Woolsey gave a signal by touching his hat, wrenched out a six-shooter and shot Paramucka on a blanket nearby. Chivaria, Dye, Lennan and Jack followed his lead with deadly accuracy. In the melee that followed, Lennan was lanced by an Apache, but Joe Dye killed his assailant. After the Apaches retired with their wounded, leaving twenty Tontos and four Pinals dead, the place, near the present site of Miami became known as "Bloody Tanks" on the maps.

On February 25, 1864, according to the Arizona Miner of March 9, Woolsey's Agua Fria Ranch was attacked and thirty head of stock were driven off. The area around Prescott was also hit hard and citizen groups responded. While Robert Groom was fielding a company of 60 miners to scour the upper Hassayampa, Woolsey organized 100 men. (Among them, Augusta Brichta left an account in his reminscences) Woolsey wrote to the Territorial Secretary Richard C. McCormick from Ash Creek on April 2, 1864 that he had attacked a rancheria the day before, having found his own cattle there and killed fourteen Indians. Woolsey credited Charles Beach with killing three of the enemy and W. Holman with one and admitted to only one casualty, Artemus Ingalls, wounded by an arrow.

Thought the party returned to the Agua Fria Ranch on April 17, they did succeed in provoking an encounter at Squaw Hollow and in attacking another rancheria at Quartz Canyon on April 4, killing 16 apaches.

Indian raids continued and Woolsey again organized an expedition. Agreeing upon a date of assembly, May 11, 1864, Woolsey made necessary preparations. He recruited in Prescott, lined up Sam Miller's pack train, and he sent it in charge of Dick Gird, Jack Beauchamp, J.C. Dunn and others to buy supplies. William J. Berry contributed $40 in gunsmithing services, Henry Johnson, Henry Paine, blacksmiths, contributed $10 in shoeing mules.

In November 1866 ,the Miner reported that three out of four employees moving supplies from the ranch to the Bully Bueno Mine--William Trahen, Leroy Jay and L.M. Linton were ambushed by Indians and killed.

Sometime in 1866 or 1867 Woolsey proved himself a fast-draw artist when he was confronted by Jeff Standifer, a "cool nervy killer" bent on adding to his reputation by threatening Woolsely. In a Prescott bar where Woolsey went to call the man's bluff with a six-gun, Standifer backed off.

In May 1867, Woolsey's Agua Fria Ranch and varies other mining holdings were passed to his creditors, Herbert and Nathan Bowers to cover a $56,000 deficit.

In the spring of 1872 Woolsey captured a desperado, Ramon Cordova, implicated in the slaying of John W. Baker, Blue Water Station keeper, his wife and child and he turned Cordova over to Maricopa Sheriff Tom Worden and his deputy Joseph Phy. When George R. Whistler, keeper at Burke's Station on the Yuma-Tucson road was shot to death by a Mexican employee, Ventura Nunez on July 7, 1874, Woolsey posted a $500 reward on the part of the Territory and organized a posse. Before pillaging the station Nunez had driven a state driver, W.M. Matlock barefooted across the desert toward Stanwix. Sixty miles south of the scene, Nunez was overtaken after exchanging pistol fire with his pursuers. Captured by Ramon and Guas Amabisca and Ignacio Mirenda, together with the good stolen from the station, Nunez was returned, tried and hanged.

About the time Phoenix was being established in the Salt River Valley, Woolsey purchased improved farming land. He also fitted up a very comfortable bathing house at the Agua Caliente Springs, took brief sojourns with his wife in California and received the nomination of the People's Conventions which met in Phoenix, September 25, 1874 for a seat in the council.

Woolsey began a new business venture in partnership with John Smith and C.W. Stearns in the operation of a flour mill. He also experimented with sugar cane. In June 1878 he opened the first skating rink in Phoenix at the Woolly and Wentworth Hall, charged $.50 admission including skates.

Woolsey was about 47 when he died in Phoenix at his Lyle Ranch of heart disease, June 29, 1879. At the time of his death, he was serving as director in several water companies aimed at benefiting farmers by more equitable distribution of water privileges. He was laid to rest in the western part of the old Phoenix cemetery beneath a stone marker which reads: He braved the dangers and hardships of frontier life for 19 years with success and the hero of many battles with the Apaches in Arizona. (end)

HIST: Arizona Library Index: Woolsey, King S.:
1) writes Genl. Carleton in relation to gold discoveries in Arizona, 14
2) mention of, 29
3) Member of First Legislative Assembly 89
4) mention of activities against Indians by C. D. Poston in speech in Congress 159
5) appointed colonel of militia by Governor Goodwin 189
6) official report of first expedition against Apaches 258 et seq.
7) appointed Aide on Governor's staff 258
8) report of second expedition against Apaches 273 et seq.
9) first Territoral Legislature passes resolution thank for services 277 278
10) his contempt for the military 278 et seq.

CORR:
I came across an old (July 1995) Arizona Highways magazine and started to read it while waiting for the Dr. In it I found an article titled "The Battle at Bloody Tanks" by Susan Hazen-Hammond. This article is about some indians that were supposedly poisoned with strychnine. This took place in January, 1864 somewhere in central Arizona. King S. Woolsey was a prominent central-Arizona rancher, miner, and entrepreneur and had lived in Arizona about 3 years at this time. He was 32 years old. He was picked to lead the group searching for the indians that had stolen some mules from the local people. The story is quite contraversial as to wether Woolsey poisoned the Indians or not. (Per Carolyn Gibbons - I have is a memory of a historical marker on the Highway in or near Globe, Arizona. It tells a story of a King Woolsey feeding poisoned tea to some indians, resulting in their deaths. This is strictly from my murky memory. Haven't seen that sign in a long time.) My question is who is King S. Woolsey? Where does he fit in to the family lines. I have a copy of the article if anyone is interested. - Geri
(Carolyn Woolsey Wilkerson - I have not be able to verify the above information. )

CORR:
1999 January 13 from Dorothy M. H. Wren 13 Jan 1999. (Woolsey Family Forum).
In Reply to Woolsey Family Documentation III posted by Wilford W. Whitaker on 4 Jan 1999: I have an article on King Woolsey from an AZ book. I can send this to you. I have no documentation that he is in my family. It was mentioned that he was in the family but have never proved it." [see PAF RIN# 20899]

CORR:
2002 March 6 from Wilford Whitaker
I found Samuel Woolsey and M. Woolsey both in the 1840 census of Limestone Co, Alabama. King Woolsey had four or five daughters - some of the grandkids are living in Arizona Big Bug Woolsey Canyon which is between Flagstaff and Phoenix.

CORR:
2002 May 6 from Wilford Whitaker
To those interested in Malachai M. Woolsey, Daniel Drake Woolsey and King S. Woolsey, here is definite proof that they were brothers:

PROBATE: Records of Phoenix, Arizona:
Goff, John S. Arizona Biographical Series. KING S. WOOLSEY. Black Mountain Press. Cave Creek, Arizona. 1981. 92 pp. Illus. p. 1. Probate Court records regarding the King S. Woolsey estate reveal that he was survived by two brothers, M. M. Woolsey and Daniel B. Woolsey and two sisters, Mrs. H. C. Hudson and Cassandra Woolsey. (1879)

CORR:
2002 March 6 from Linda
I have been e-mailing a cousin, Beverly, in Louisiana then gives some information including Grandfather Samuel Monroe Woolsey and his 9 children. Her (Beverly's) mother Sula is named after Sam's sister Ersula Lemontine Woolsey Eastridge. Her name was pronounced "Er-sula." Lula was named for Charity's sister. Beverly said "grandfather Sam had a big painting of King Samuel Woolsey in his house and it was his Uncle or Great Uncle? " Sula is living with her and she writes as her mother remembers things.

CORR:
2002 February 27 from Linda (address not given)
And John IV is my gggrandfather. I came across in my e-mail family. In TRACKS AND TRACES Vol. 12, No. 1, May 1990, page 78 - has a (Marvin Douglas Hudson) which states "and looking for their parents: King S. Woolsey b 1832, AL, Harriet Woolsey-Hudson, b: 1833, TN, Cassandra Woolsey b 1841, MS, Micheal M. Woolsey, b 1847, AR. The dates are right for my gg grandfather Micheal and his sisters. Could Kings S. be his older brother? What do you think? Linda. - I contacted (Marvin Douglas Hudson) Doug who told me that Michael M. Woolsey who md Elizabeth Goode was his great-grandfather. Of the seven children Doug said Michael and Elizabeth had he only told me the name of one - Sula Woolsey who md John Eastridge. Michael had a child by Mary Hudson who was named Aurelius McCalpin Hudson who was Doug's grandfather. He also said that the Woolsey's, Hudson's, Goode's and Eastridge families were friends and intermarried and traveled from TN into AL, MS and AR.

CORR:
Marla Millsap
I live in AZ and about a year ago talked to a descendant of King Woolsey. He was at the library in the Peoria (town next to Phoenix, AZ) area and was looking up information for his brother that lives in Salt Lake City and is a heavily into genealogy. The man I met was in his sixties but I don't know his name. He lives here during the winter months. I recall he told me his brother had started a large family organization for another surname that had many active member, but I don't recall the name. I have been searching for these two men ever since, because I found a picture of King Woolsey. The Sharlott Hall Museum of Prescott, AZ has the actual photograph and possibly has information on the wife. They do have a web page and email address to answer questions.

CORR:
2004 Jan 15 from Kay Sommers
History by Jay J. Wagoner and following are my notes on King S. Woolsey served as a commander of the territorial militia, rancher,and legislator. A quote from the book "Though a leader in territorial politics, ranching, and business, Woolsey is best remembered as an Indian fighter of the school that believed that the only good indian was a dead one." The book states that he was born in Alabama and that he ran for territorial Council in 1878 from Phoenix. There is quite a story of how he planned a big pow wow with all of the Indian Chiefs and had them all ambushed.

CORR:
From Fred Woolsey
Could you please help me determine how and for whom "Woolsey Peak" was named? also when? Thank you. [ans] King Woolsey - Marshall Trimble ARIZONA A CALVADE OF HISTORY (AJ Library.

ARIZONA BIOGRAHICAL SERIES by John S. Goff:

KING S. WOOLSEY
Black Mountain Press. Cave Creek, Arizona. 1981. 92 pp. Illus. p. 1.
King S. Woolsey always gave the state of Alabama as his place of birth. It is so noted on the tombstone his widow had erected over his grave. Since that stone also records that he was forty-seven years old at his death in late June of 1879, the birth year (1832) indicated seems most likely.

KING S. WOOLSEY
Black Mountain Press. Cave Creek, Arizona. 1981. 92 pp. Illus. p. 80-81. 13 Dec 1879
Henry S. Fitzgerald (c.1846-1880), a prominent Yuma merchant, acting as guardian of Clara, Johanna and Robert Woolsey, petitioned the court to have property awarded to them under sections 124 & 125 of the code of laws of the territory. In the meantime he also asked for an allowance of seventy- five dollars per month for the three. For purposes of a later appeal to the district court, Mrs. Woolsey's counsel admitted that Clara and Johanna Woolsey were the natural daughters of King S. Woolsey by an Indian woman, Lucy. No such admission was made regarding the boy. Letters from Woolsey dated 21 Jan, 2 Feb & 8 Apr 1879, to the Sisters of St. Joseph of Yuma, regarding the children, were produced; he had sent money for their support. Under the laws of the time no white person could marry a Negro, "mulatto," Indian or Mongollian. Such was even a crime and hence the children were the result of an "illegal cohabitation" between Lucy and Woolsey, begun in 1865 and ended in 1869. Judge William A. Hancock initially decreed that the girls were the children of the late Colonel and entitled to share in his estate. On 20 May 1880 Justice DeForest porter reversed that, ended the allowance and declared that they were "not the heirs at law of King S. Woolsey ...." Mrs. Mary Woolsey had prevailed but the proverbial 'Good Padre," Father Blise was rumored to have later persuaded her to provide pittances for the girls. One of them Clara Woolsey, born at the Agua Fria Ranch, 4 Feb 1867, was married to Julio Marron by Father Bloise on 8 Apr 1885. She died in Phoenix 25 Jul 1947, survived by three children and seven grandchildren.

KING S. WOOLSEY
Black Mountain Press. Cave Creek, Arizona. 1981. 92 pp. Illus. p. 81-82. In June of 1882
it was reported in the Phoenix press that Mrs. Woolsey had married a man from Georgia named Sullivan. Whether this occurred seems doubtful for, when in Phoenix on 3 Nov 1884 she married Frank W. Fry, she was listed officially as Mrs. Mary H. Woolsey, widow of King S. Woolsey. Her marriage to Fry ended tragically not quite five years later. Fry had been feuding for about a year and a half with Frank Wagner who owned land near the Agua Caliente ranch. The dispute was over the ownership of a section of land. On a Sunday morning in Sep of 1889 Wagner was in his yard about forty feet from his house. "Suddenly Fry rode up on horse-back and, with a denunciation involving Wagner's origin, told him to say his prayeres, or used similar language that conveyed to Wagner's mind the notion of being immediately killed." He fired a shot gun at Fry and killed him. Thirty-three years of age at death, Fry was buried on the twenty-fifth. - At her home on Sunday evening, 28 Dec 1890 the widow married again. . . . The groom was Frank Baxter, born near Petersburg, VA 3 May 1853. He died in Yuma 27 Dec 1923, a judge, lawer, a member of the territorial house of representatives and speaker of the house. Mary H. Taylor Woolsey Fry Baxter died without issue 20 Dec 1928, and was buried, not beside King S. Woolsey, but next to Judge Baxter in the Yuma Cemetery.

KING S. WOOLSEY
Black Mountain Press. Cave Creek, Arizona. 1981. 92 pp. Illus. p. 19.
Mrs. Woolsey was born in Madison, Georgia, in 1844. Her father, Patterson Taylor, was a farmer who served as a citizen soldier in the Seminole War in Florida. As a young man he had settled in Georgia and died there in 1845. Her mother was born 6 Dec 1811 and died in Phoenix, 24 Aug 1881. (She is buried near her son-in-law Woolsey.) The former Mary Johnson of Morgan Co, GA, d/0 of a planter, she became the mother of seven children of whom three sons and three daughters lived to maturity. Two sons, Christopher Taylor and James D. Jackson were killed at the Battle of Malvern Hill during the Civil War. In old age and widowed for a third time, Mrs. Armstrong made her home with her daughter in Arizona.

MARR:
Western States Historical Marriage Record Index. Groom Last Name: WOOLSEY 
Groom First Name: King S. 
Groom Residence:    
Bride Last Name:   TAYLOR 
Bride First Name:   Mary H. 
Bride Residence:    
Place:    
Date: 28 May 1871 
County of Record: Maricopa 
State: Arizona 
Volume:   1 
Page: 1 
Marriage ID: 29570

CENSUS: 1864 Census Arizona Co., Arizona. p. 117 3rd Judicial Dist.
King S. Woolsey.

CENSUS: 1866 Census Yavapai Co., Arizona. p. 157. Suges Snolunch
King S. Woolsey.

CENSUS: 1869 Census, Yavapai Co., Arizona. Aqua Caliente
King S. Woolsey
Mrs. Woolsey

1880 AZ US Federal Census Mortality Schedules Index Record
King L. Woolsey, 47, Male, died in Jun, born in AL, ID#: MRT198_3080226, Farmer
Cause of Death: Apoplexy - an old-fashioned medical term, generally used interchangeably with cerebrovascular accident (CVA or stroke) but having other meanings as well.

1863 September 13:
MOA: Digital Images on-line. Making Of America. Headquarters Department of New Mexico. Santa Fe, N.M. 13 Sep 1863. "General: I have the honor herewith to enclose, for the information of the War Department, copies of letters received from Samuel J. Jones, Charles D. Brown, and King S. Woolsey, in relation to the new gold fields southwest from the San Francisco mountains, about which I have so frequently written to you. Brown and Woolsey are men whose statements are to be credited. Jones simply transmits Brown's letter. From Erastus W. Wood, Capt. 1st Vet. Inf. CV, AAAGeneral.

1863 November 10:
ON-LINE: Rootsweb.com. 30 Mar 2000. " . . . on the night of 10 Nov 1863 when a band of Apaches stole 21 horses and 6 mules; and the three of them joined a party headed by King S. Woolsey and pursued the marauding Indians across the Verde River and from the north of that stream west to the Pima Villages where they secured provisions . . . "

1864:
THE ACTUAL STORY OF THE LOST SQUAW HOLLOW GOLD LEDGE From Lost Mines & Buried Treasures by John D. Mitchell.
In 1864, Judge J. T. Alsap, in company with a small number of pioneers under the command of Colonel Woolsey, whose Indian fighting proclivities are well known to all old timers in Arizona, pitched their camp in Squaw Hollow after an engagement with a small band of Apache warriors. Following the fight, some of the men prospected for gold in the nearby hills. Their efforts were highly successful according to the story, and a few hours later the prosperctors returned to camp with a hatful of the richest gold ore the judge had ever seen! But the Apache Warriors returned with reinforcements, and Woolsey and his little band of fighters were so outnumbered they retreated without having left any markers as a guide to the gold discovery. Later, those who knew about the gold strike became separated, and it was many years before the Apaches were completely subdued and the way opened for mining operations. The location of the gold had remained a secret because all of them had expected to return at a later date to make a legal claim to the gold ledge.

1877 MOA: Hodge, Hiram C. ARIZONA AS IT IS, or The coming country. New York. Hurd & Houghton:
p. 241. Thermal Springs. "One of the best known is that of the Agua Caliente, near Stanwix Station, ninety-five miles east from Yuma, owned by the Hon. King S. Woolsey.
p. 261. References: At Phoenix, Maricopa Co., A. T.: Hon. John T. Smith, Hon. Kings S. Woolsey; Hon. Granville Oury; Major C. H. vail; Wm. B. Hellings.

HIST: Pioneer Heritage Library \ Biographical Sketches, Stories, and Photographs \ Our Pioneer heritage, vol 1:27. Solomon Barth came to Valley in 1857. Sol Barth is, we believe, the only white survivor of an early day fight with the Apaches, which took place a few miles below Miami. A party of prospectors and others from Wickenburg district, led by the famous scout King Woolsey, came upon the war party of Apaches in the foothills. by a ruse, the Indians were induced to come into camp to trade with the prospectors. At a pre-arranged signal the members of the White party opened fire on the Indians and slaughtered them to a man, about fifty in all, according to the estimates of Mr. Barth. Only one of the Americans was killed in the fight.

BIOG:
ENCYCLOPEDIA of FRONTIER BIOGRAPHYThrapp, Dan L. The Arthur H. Clark Company, Glendale, CA. 1988. p. 1595.
Woolsey, King S., frontiersman (c. 1832-30 Jun 1879). B. in Alabama, he probably was raised in Louisiana and was fairly well educated. According to legend he took part in a filibustering expedition to Cuba, was jailed briefly until freed through efforts of the British consul when he boarded a British ship for California, arriving in 1849. Woolsey is supposed to have spent a decade as a miner in Calaveras County and reached Fort Yuma in 1860 with Calvin Jackson (c. 1827-1880) and Albert C. Benedict (1830-1880), both of whom became prominent Arizona pioneers. Woolsey worked as a teamster in the Yuma area of Arizona, apparently joined Albert Sidney Johnston's group marching up the Gila enroute to joining the Confederacy but left at Maricopa Wells and eventually ppurchased into the Agua Caliente Ranch in western Maricopa County, Arizona. From here, although Southern in sympathies, he profited greatly providing hay and other supplies to the California Column of Union troops which entered Arizona and garrisoned many points within the Territory during the Civil War. Woolsey appears to have accompanied the Walker gold-hunting party to the Prescott area and in 1863 established his Agua Fria Ranch near the present town of Dewy, Arizona. - more -

CORR:
2002 October 30 from Linda Rankin (wife of Thomas)
I have just started some of the research of my husband's family tree. Where I am having problems is that his grandfather had no birth certificate. They have a death certificate. I'm not sure where to go. My husband's name (before he was adopted) was Thomas Jonathan Woolsey, Jr., his dad Thomas Jonathan Woolsey md to Carrol L. Ideker until divorce, his father was Walter E. Woolsey 1/4 Yaqui and 1/2 Choctaw with no birth certificate. He md Clara Mae Hoover. OK now his father was Robert L. Woolsey 1/2 Yaqui and md a Choctaw woman named Lucia. His father was King Sam Woolsey who md a Yaqui woman name Lulee (not sure of spelling). How do I go about learning who the Indian woman were. We have no last names, if they had last names. I don't know. Lulee we know was rescued from the Apache by King Sam Woolsey.

ON-LINE: Southwest.library.arizona.edu/hav4/body.1_div.13.html - Chapter XIII. Early Settlements (Continued)
According to Mr. Neri Osborn, when the party arrived in Prescott, the only families in that country were Sanders and his family, and Leib and his wife, and the woman who followed King S. Woolsey from California, and afterwards married John Boggs. This was the first marriage in Prescott. The second marriage in Prescott was Mary J. Ehle to John H. Dickson.

CORR:
2005 June 8 from William (Billy) Arnold
My name is William Arnold and I live in deep south Texas. My great grandfather's name was Sam Woolsey and his father was Michael ? Woolsey. My grandmother (Jessie Lidge Collins Woolsey) had a picture of Uncle Sam on the wall of her home in Hope, Ark but we never knew what had happened to him except that he had run away from home. One day my father received a copy of his magazine TRUE WEST and lo and behold there was a picture of Uncle Sam on the front cover! It was fascinating learning about this relative that I knew nothing of except of his picture at my grandmother's. I told my older sister about him running away to stay out of the priesthood and she was surprised that the Woolseys were Catholics. My sister has done a lot of research on our families background and is very interested in our family tree. It is exciting to me to learn about unknown relatives that I have known nothing about! I have recently lost my mother and father and guess I am going through a phase. I am 46 years old with a wife and almost 11 yr old dau. Hope you wouldn't mide hearing from a distant relative (how distant!) and would like to get to know you and maybe stay in touch! I am sure my older sister would like any info that you could give her on the history of the Woolseys. "
TRUE WEST MAGAZINE with picture of "Uncle Sam" on the cover. King Woolsey?

King married (2-MRIN:10194) Mary H. Taylor-25774 daughter of Patterson Taylor Seminole War-42158 and Mary Johnson-42159 (MRIN:16587) on 28 May 1871 in Agua Caliente, Maricopa, Arizona. Mary was born in 1844 in Madison, Morgan, Georgia. She died on 28 Dec 1928 in Phoenix, Maricopa, Arizona. She was buried in Yuma Cemetery.

ON-LINE: Western States Historical Marriage Record Index. http://abish.ricks.edu/fhc/bgret.idc
Woolsey, Kings S. = Mary H. Taylor. 28 May 1871. Maricopa Co, Arizona. 1:1

HISTORY - ON-LINE: Sandra Lynch, Sharlot Hall Museum, 415 W. Gurley Street, Prescott, AZ 86301, 520-445-3122. FAX 520 776 9053.
King Woolsey had two wives we know of. One was Mary Smith. Woolsey "rescued" her when she was on a trail with a "gambler" who had mistreated her. He took her to his ranch (a ruin that is today on the National Register), where he booted out a Mexican wife and children to take Mary in. Apparently there are some descendants in this area who are Woolsey's and the Mexican wife. After Woolsey's death Mary went on to become the richest woman in Arizona."


CENSUS:
1880 Phoenix, Maricopa Co., Arizona Territory. FHL# 1254036. June. p. 91. (14-5-18), 120-120
Woolsey, Mary H, w, f, 36, widowed, GA, NC, GA
Rives, Edward, w, m, 18, single, GA, GA, GA

CENSUS:
1864 Arizona Co., Arizona. p. 117 3rd Judicial Dist. King S. Woolsey.

CENSUS:
1866 Census Yavapai Co., Arizona. p. 157. Suges Snolunch. King S. Woolsey.

CENSUS:
1869 Census Yavapai Co., Arizona. Aqua Caliente. King S. Woolsey
Mrs. Woolsey


Children of KING WOOLSEY and LULEE YAQUI are:

  1. CLARA MAE WOOLSEY, b. February 04, 1867, AZ - Agua Fria Ranch, Maricopa; d. July 25, 1947, AZ - Phoenix, Maricopa; m. JULIO MARRON, April 08, 1885, AZ - Maricopa County; d. AZ - Phoenix, Maricopa.

    MARR:
    Groom Last Name: MARRON
    Groom First Name: Julio
    Groom Residence:
    Bride Last Name: WOOLSEY
    Bride First Name: Clara
    Bride Residence:
    Place: Phoenix
    Date: 8 Apr 1885
    County of Record: Maricopa
    State: Arizona
    Volume: 1
    Page: 131
    Marriage ID: 65891

  2. JOHANNA WOOLSEY, b. 1868, AZ - Agua Fria Ranch, Maricopa.

  3. ROBERT L WOOLSEY, b. 1869, AZ - Agua Fria Ranch, Maricopa; m. LUCIA CHOCTAW, 1891; b. 1871.

    CORR:
    2002 October 30 from Linda Rankin:
    I have just started some of the research of my husband's family tree. Where I am having problems is that his grandfather had no birth certificate. They have a death certificate. I'm not sure where to go. My husband's name (before he was adopted) was Thomas Jonathan Woolsey, Jr., his dad Thomas Jonathan Woolsey md to Carrol L. Ideker until divorce, his father was Walter E. Woolsey 1/4 Yaqui and 1/2 Choctaw with no birth certificate. He md Clara Mae Hoover. OK now his father was Robert L. Woolsey 1/2 Yaqui and md a Choctaw woman named Lucia. His father was King Sam Woolsey who md a Yaqui woman name Lulee (not sure of spelling). How do I go about learning who the Indian woman were. We have no last names, if they had last names. I don't know. Lulee we know was rescued from the Apache by King Sam Woolsey.

  4. CONCEPCION WOOLSEY, b. 1866, AZ; m. JUAN VEGA; b. 1865, AZ.

    ON-LINE: Arizona Genealogy BIRTH and DEATH CERTIFICATES.
    Vega, Rafael, b 22 Mar 1912, father: Juan Vega, mother: Concepcion Woolsey (Choney Wolsey) Doc#2
    (SUPPOSITION by www as to parentage)
            

Children of KING WOOLSEY and MARY TAYLOR are:
  1. JOSE WOOLSEY, b. June 23, 1871, AZ - Maricopa County; d. July 23, 1909, AZ - Maricopa County.

    ON-LINE: Arizona Genealogy Birth and Death Certificates
    Woolsey, Jose 23 Jun 1871 - 23 Jul 1909, Maricopa County, Arizona (SUPPOSITION by www as to parentage)

  2. LUIS WOOLSEY, b. October 09, 1873, AZ - Maricopa County; d. June 24, 1913, AZ - Maricopa County.

    ON-LINE: Arizona Genealogy Birth and Death Certificates
    Woolsey, Luis, 09 Oct 1873 - 24 Jun 1913, AZ - Maricopa County

    ON-LINE: Distant Cousin.com - Phoenix City, Arizona, City Directory 1892.
    Woolsey, Lewis, laborer, boards with Julio Marron (SUPPOSITION by www as to the parentage of Luis and name differences.)



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