A 1829 Lublin map

The Lublin 1829 Map


The map used here is only a temporary one until I can obtain a better copy of the original. As this copy came out of a book some of the writing is difficult to make out, as well as being in Polish of course! Even so, there is a lot of information on the map even in its present state. If you are unfamiliar with the history of Lublin then it is recommended that the later maps are also studied, particularly the 1912 map (see either the link at the bottom of the page, or the link above to 'the MAPS site').

Lublin of 1829 is not that much different to the centuries before, of course new buildings will have replaced old but the pace of change had been relatively slow. The old town had slowly expanded and more and more churches and palaces had appeared over the preceding two centuries. Most of the major buildings shown on the map still exist today, although often greatly changed. What you see here is Lublin as it began its period of great change - the middle of the 19th century to the present. Interestingly, the cemetery on present day Lipowa Street (Smentarna) had already been created, but that other map landmark, the Saski park, is still a couple of years away.

Note that many of the spellings on the map are not current Polish. Despite the many boasts of defenders of the Polish education system, the 19th century saw many irregularities of the language as it appeared on maps. Language always changes and not everyone who uses it uses it in the same way as others. 'Smentarna' and 'Missyonarska' are some of the classics of the 19th century Lublinian map makers art, and together they help old Lublin come to life in a way that is real even if embarrassing to the pedantic purist.

The script on the map itself is interesting as this style remained popular until the middle of the 19th century, you can also follow this change in taste by observing that used for grave architecture. Here on this map it is cursive, but by the end of the century it had become heavy and plodding, the precursor of the simple text forms used on maps today.

Unlike maps from the first half of the 20th century, the map makers here still showed an interest in the geography of the landscape itself. The fields look almost like they contain crops and you can follow the flat bottom gullies in the north and west that are so characteristic of the Lublin Upland, as opposed to the flats of the Bystryzyca and Czerniowka river flood plain in the east and south. The old town itself sits on a headland, with sharp scarp faces falling away in the south and east towards the above rivers and also to the Czechowka in the north. To the west the slope is very gentle, and the ridgeline is traced by Krakowskie Przedmiescie and thence by Trakt Warszawski. However, standing out alone on the plain we can see the almost rectangular castle hill, and to the northeast lie the headland of Czwartek and the hill of the old Jewish cemetery. The success of Lublin's early history from unrecorded settlement to one of the early eastern border towns of the young Polish state is because of the easily defensible nature of its site, along with its position on several trade routes.

More information is available about Lublin through the links on 'the MAPS page', see link at the top of this page.

IMPORTANT NOTE:  It is worth reviewing the information on this page before you go to the maps themselves. This site is heavy on graphics, which will take time to load. Below is a map that indicate what maps sections have been preloaded, when the map is about half complete then it is worth going to the maps as you will not have to wait for too long to go from page to page. Another advantage of a review of this page is that it will make you more familiar with many of the terms you will find on the maps. Unless you are looking for something specific it is worth saving this page and printing it out so that you can easily refer to it as you find your way around the map. It is not possible to print the map out in any appreciable size. The first map to load will be the old town and part of Krakowskie Przedmiescie, which is almost the centre of the map below.

Go to the map
Index of Roads
Dolna Panny Maryi  F2 - F3 
Grodzka  D4 - D5 
Krakowskie Przedmiescie  D2 - E4 
Plac Musztry  D3 
Plac Musztry  D1 
Podwal  E4 - F4 
Szeroka  D4 - D5 
Trakt Lubartowski  D4 - B5 
Trakt Warszawski (droga do Pulaw)  C1 - D2 
Zielona  D3 - E3 
Index of Places
Katolicka Cmentarna  F1 - F2 
Podwal  F4 - E5 
Podzamcze  E4 - E6 
Przedmiescie Czechowka  C2 - C3 
Przedmiescie Kalinowszczyzna  E7 - F7 
Przedmiescie Wieniawa  B1 - C1 
Stare Miasto  E4 
Wies Czechowka  A2 
Index of Buildings
Note: Comments in '( )' refer to the 1829 map, in '[ ]' refer to the present time
This has yet to be evaluated.
Glossary of Other Terms Used on the Map
Note: The terms below may sometimes appear different on the map, particularly endings. If the last letter varies between 'a', 'i', 'y', 'ia' or 'ie', or has things like 'owe', 'owy', 'ow', 'ich', 'ki', 'rzy' added then they are variations of the same word (e.g. 'bad' in English may be seen as 'badness' or 'badly', but the essence of the word is still the same). 'Kolej' is much the same as 'kolejowe', for example, while 'Lublin' and 'Lubelski' is quite an extreme example of different forms of the same word (Lublin Castle = Zamek Lubelski).
Aleja (al.)  Avenue 
Amunicji  Ammunition 
Betoniarna  Cement factory 
Biuro  Office 
Budynek  Building 
Carbo Lumen  Carbide lights 
Cegielnia  Brick works 
Cementownia  Cement factory 
Cmentarz  Cemetery 
Cmentaskatolicki Catholic Cemetery (actually this is a typo on the map) 
Cukrownia  Sugar factory 
Cyclodrom  Bicycle riding park 
Dawny  Former 
Do  To 
Dolna  Low lying area, valley 
Dom  House 
Droga  Road or way 
Drozdzoknia  Yeast factory 
Elektrownia  Electric Powered 
Eternit  Asbestos roofing 
Ewangelicki  Protestant 
Fabryka  Factory 
Folwark  Estate or manor 
Garbarnia  Leather factory 
Gazownia  Gas production 
Huta  Steel or iron works 
Inzynierji  Engineer 
Kamien  Stone 
Katolicki  Catholic (generally Roman) 
Kirkut  Jewish cemetery 
Klinkiernia  Tiles and other glazed ware (typically stove tiles) 
Kolej  Railway 
Kosciol  Church (Catholic, not just Roman though) 
Koszary  Barracks 
Krochmalnia  Starch works 
Laki  Meadows 
Lotnicze  Aero 
Magazyn  Warehouse 
Maszyn  Machine 
Meski  Male 
Miejski  Town/City 
Mlyn  Mill 
Monopol Monopoly (often used for nationalised industries, such as for the tobacco industry) 
Most  Bridge 
Nowy  New 
Ogrod  Garden 
Osada  District 
Osadniki  Settlement 
Papierna  Paper 
Parowy  Steam 
Plac  Square 
Pole  Field 
Polnoc  North 
Pomnik  Monument 
Pomp  Pump 
Prawoslawny  Orthodox (Christian) 
Rektyfikacja  White sugar works
Remiza  Fire Station building 
Rolny  Agriculture 
Rury  Land belonging to a church (typically a monastery) 
Rzeka  River 
Rzeznia  Slaughterhouse 
Samolotow  Aircraft 
Sklady  Warehouse 
Smarow  Grease factory 
Sportowe  Sporting 
Stacja  Station 
Stare  Old 
Staw  Lake 
Straz  Fire Station 
Sw.  Saint 
Syroplania  Syrup producer 
Szklana  Glass works 
Szpital Hospital 
Targ  Market
Targowisko  Fair/Market area 
Tartak  Saw mills or lumber yard 
Towarzy  Goods 
Ulan  Uhlan - Polish cavalry 
Ulica (ul.)  Street 
Unicki  Unitary (Unitarian Church - a breakaway part of the Orthodox Christian Church) 
Wag  Scales (for weighing) 
Wojskowy  Military 
Wyscigowe  Racing (Horse) 
From' or 'with' 
Zbozowe  Seeds (wheat, barley etc). 
Zenski  Female 
Zydowski  Jewish 
Useful Links
Current Lublin Street Map This shows all the current streets in Lublin. 
1931 Lublin Street Map Quite a detailed streetmap, as well as government, church and public institutions.
1912 Lublin Street Map Both street names and government, church and public institutions
1875 Lublin Street Map Both street names and government, church and public institutions. Also, fields and crops are well illustrated.