Background and Analysis:
Some Banaters in the Subscription Lists
of the Deutsch-Ungarischer Familien-Kalender

by David Dreyer

of San Mateo, California

Copyright 1997-2004 by David Dreyer, all rights reserved


The Deutsch-Ungarischer Familien-Kalender was a cultural publication for Donau Schwabs in America. It was published annually in the United States starting in 1932. The Kalender contained an extensive list of subscribers with their place of origin in Europe and was published up until 1954. As Bauer has pointed out ( D. J Bauer, Bucks County Genealogical Newsletter 15, [1995]), this list is a potential resource for establishing the village of origin for Donau Schwab immigrants to America.

The original subscription lists were organized alphabetically by name under the major Donau Schwabisch localities in the United States. The lists not only contained Banaters but also Donau Schwabs from the Batschka, Burgenland, Schwaebischer Tuerkei, Syrmien and Siebenbuergen.

After an on-line search of American Library holdings it was apparent that no single library held a complete collection of the kalender. Eventually the following collections holding copies of the Kalender were identified:

  1. Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies
    18 South 7th Street
    Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 19006

    1937 and 1952 issues
    Available through Interlibrary Loan
  2. Indiana State Library
    140 North Senate Avenue
    Indianapolis Indiana 46204

    1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1947, 1948, 1949 issues
    NOT available through Interlibrary Loan
  3. U. S. Library of Congress
    Washington, D.C.
    1939, 1941, 1942, 1943, and 1952 issues
    NOT available through interlibrary loan.
  4. Institut fuer Auslandsbeziehungen
    Postfach 102463
    70020 Stuttgart, Germany
    1932, 1933, 1934, 1938, 1951, 1953, and 1954
    Available through Interlibrary Loan


At this point the 1932, 1933, 1934, 1937, 1942, 1951, 1952 and 1954 issues of the Deutsch-Ungarischer Familien Kalender subscription lists have been available for inspection..

By the 1950's the subscription lists consisted of about 100 pages of closely spaced type representing circa 6,500 entries per year. The turnover from year to year was probably a little less than 10%. Over the course of 22 years the lists were published they contained the names of 10,000 to 15,000 Donau Schwabs.

It is now clear that the proportion of Banat subscribers among the different North American Banater communities does not correlate with the size of these communities. For example, there are no subscribers for one of the oldest Banater settlements in the US; that of North Dakota; in the 1930's subscription lists. On the other hand, this group is well represented in the 1952 and 1954 lists. Similarly, other communities have many subscribers during some periods while few in other periods. In the 1937 and 1942 issues there were many subscribers from McKee Rocks, Pennsylvania. By 1954 there were only a couple of subscribers.

The conclusion must be that the number of subscribers in a given locality is largely a function of the presence of a sales representative and sales effort in a given area. Johann Hermann, Chicago / Mercydorf, in an article in the 1934 issue entitled, "Die Deutsch-Ungarn und ihre neue heimat" lists the important Donau Schwaben settlements in America:

New Jersey: Elizabeth, New Brunswick, Passaic, Trenton

Pennsylvania: Philadelphia, Reading, Lebanon, Harrisburg, Bethlehem, Steelton, Pittsburgh, Ambridge, Sharon

New York: Buffalo, Tonawanda, Rochester, New York City

Massachusetts: Adams

Maryland: Baltimore

Ohio: Cleveland, Cincinnati, Mansfield, Dayton, Akron, Youngstown

Missouri: St Louis

Illinois: Chicago, Bloomington, Granite City

Wisconsin: Milwaukee, Beaver Dam, Manville

Minnesota: St Paul

Nebraska: Omaha

Michigan: Detroit, Wyndotte, Saginaw

 

Those who have looked closely at the abstracts of the subscription lists have undoubtedly noted that Banat immigrants from different Banat localities were not uniformly distributed among the major Banat settlements in North America. Immigration authorities emphasize that immigrants from a given locality in Europe tended to settle together as groups in the new world. Moreover, German Banaters have long recognized that migrants from their village tended to settle in the same locality in North America.

 

Tipre, in the 1934 issue (Deutsch-Ungarn im fernen westen), discusses the Donau Schwaben community in Los Angeles. He points out that up to 35% of the Donau Schwabs living in Los Angeles came from the single gemeinde of Glogau / Banat with Almas / Banat also contributing a considerable number. In 1934 the Los Angeles Banat consisted of 800-1000 families with 75-100 families coming from Glogau alone.

 

By inspection of the original kalenders one quickly sees that Batschkaers tended to settle in some localities while Banaters tended to concentrate in other localities. The following tables lists these American localities in the subscription lists which have a preponderate Donau Schwab from a given province. The Banat list is further broken down according to place of origin for a substantial group of Banaters in that locality:

BATSCHKA: Sharon, Pennsylvania (PA), Cleveland, Ohio (OH): Youngstown, OH, Trenton, New Jersey (NJ), Reading,, Pennsylvania (PA), Lebanon, PA, Beaver Dam, Wisconsin (WI),

BURGENLAND: Bethlehem, PA, Copley, PA, Stiles, PA, Northampton, PA, Allentown, PA

 

US City BANAT LOCALITY

Los Angeles, California (CA) Glogau
Mansfield, OH Mramorak, Franzfeld
St Louis, MO Sackelhausen
New Brunswick, NJ Billed
Cincinnati, OH Gertianosch, Perjamosch
Philadelphia, PA Alexanderhausen, Bogarosch
Cleveland, OH Grabatz
Detroit, Michigan (MI) Heufeld, Stefansfeld, Mollydorf
Harrisburg, PA Liebling
Chicago, Illinois (IL) Neupanat, Liebling, St. Hubert, Neubeschenowa, Seultour

Some American localities tended not to favor any particular group, for example, New York with Brooklyn and the Bronx, had both Batschkaers and Banaters. Moreover, the Banaters in New York were more mixed and tended to come from many different localities. All localities tended to become more mixed in the 1950's relative to the 1930's.

The data in the following tables was abstracted from the 1933, 1937, 1942 and 1952 issues of the Kalender. The last column indicated the years by the last two digits if the year in which the entry was found. Since the subscription lists did not change much from year to year abstracting issues, 8-10 years apart was sufficient to compile most subscribers.