following is a compendium of what is known and has been written
regarding the medieval family(ies) of de Bathe /Bathonia. It is not
intended as anything other than as a basis for further, ongoing
research. A attempt has been made to separate the individuals into their
respective family groups. Circumstantial evidence suggests that these
groups were related.
Some of the sources have been electronically transcribed and are available upon request.(Transcribed Sources)
A sketch map of the identifiable holdings may be referred to at: Sketch Map(Site Contents)
From the 12th to the 14th Centuries
Alsi de Bathon’: Sold land in Redcliffe Street, Bristol, Circa 1190.
Sir Nicholas de Bathonia, (Bassett?), summoned against the Scots, 1298.
Sir Alan de Bath, witness, 1293.
William de Bathe, Treasurer of Lincoln Church,1317.
Nathaniel de Bath, 1333, Banneret, Knight of the Bath.
Adam Bathe, marries, 1340.
William Bathe, attorney in Suffolk, 1395.
John de Bathe: Mayor of Bristol, 1369 & 71.
William Bathe : Resident of Peter Street Bristol, 1365.
Reginald de Bathe: Canonsleigh, Devon 1332
John Bathe: East Budleigh, Devon 1332
Compendium and Sources
Augustin de Bathe/Bathonia ? : Said to have held Sheepwash (Sepewasse) and Heniton Seige (Wear) manors, Devon, Temp. King John (1199 – 1216) and to have been the father of Sir Henry de Bathe. Also claimed as the father of Walter and Hugo (the younger) de Bathe. All claims on his behalf seem to be based on conjecture stemming from misinterpretations of Prince. ("Magna Brittanica", vol. 1, pg. 488, "Edward Henry Bath MS." "Worthies of Devon", John Prince, pub. 1702, pgs. 55 – 58.)
Walter de Baa/Bathe/Bathond : Risdon, Izacke and all other sources are incorrect on this! They were apparently confused by records related to the later Walter de Bathon, sheriff 1236-51. (see PRO List of Sheriffs, Lists and Indexes vol. IX.) Arms: Azure, a saltire engrailed or. High sheriff of Devon 1217 – 19 (16-18?). Mentioned as witness to Circa.1216 - 19 deed as Walter de Bathon', then High Sherriff for the lord King. ("Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica", 1868, vol. 1, pg. 285; Entry by Charles Bath of Ffynone. "Worthies of Devon", John Prince, pub. 1702, pgs. 55 – 58, "Survey of the County of Devon ( list of Sheriffs)", Tristram Risdon, "Remarkable Antiquities of the City of Exeter" in the "List of Sheriffs of Devon" . Richard Izacke. Early Title Deeds of the Petre family of Writtle and Ingalstone Hall, Essex)
Sir Walter de Bathe/Bathonia/Bathon/Baton: Arms: Uncertain: Ermine a bend gules or Azure, three chevrons argent. Under sheriff of Devon,1234 – 1236. Sherriff, 1236 – 1251. Lord of Colebrooke Manor and much else besides. Married (Isabel?),a sister of Robert Giffard of Bickington. He founded a chantry in Colebrooke Church, circa. 1260, the charter for which is said to still exist. ("Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica", 1868, vol. 1, pg. 285. "The Crown Pleas of the Devon Eyre of 1238", Henry Summerson, multiple pages. "Worthies of Devon", John Prince. "Survey of the County of Devon (List of Sheriffs)", Tristram Risdon, "Remarkable Antiquities of the City of Exeter", Richard Izacke. )
Walter de Bathon : Sheriff of Devon 1290. Possible son of Walter Bathon sheriff of Devon 1236-51 above, and father of Sir William (Walter) below. A Sir Walter de Baa is involved in a 1302 license to grant lands to the chapel of Nosely, Leicestershire. Perhaps the same man. ( Risdon's "Survey of the County of Devon" also incorrectly in "Misc.Gen.Her." by Charles Bath, Deeds and Related Documents of the Hazlerigg family of Noseley)
Sir William (Walter) de Bathe: Mauger de Sancto Albino (St. Aubyn) (d. 1294) is said to have witnessed a deed for this individual. It is claimed that he was Sheriff of Devon in 1324 and Lord of Colebrooke. Risdon contradicts himself giving the name Walter Bathon in his list of sheriffs and William de Bathon, sheriff of Devonshire in his list of Knights in the time of Henry III. As all other sources give the name Walter for 1324, this is apparently an error. However, if Walter was in fact Lord of Colebrooke it raises some intriguing possibilities. The St Aubyn family were six times sheriffs of Cornwall and held lands in Devon as well. ( "Visitations of the County of Cornwall, 1570, 1573 & 1620" Col. J.L. Vivian, Exeter, Pollard & Co. 1887,pg. 437, "The Notebook of Tristram Risdon" pgs. 86 & 153)
William Bathe: (Perhaps same as above) Leased 7/9/1322 to Sir Robert de Tawetone, "clerk" and Gilbert, son of Alexander de la Nywelonde, the lands at Bathe in the manor of Chepyng Taweton (North Tawton), for the term of their lives. Rent four pounds sterling. Warranty against "omnes mortals". Witnesses: John Burnel, John Attebury, Richard de Dodynton, Roger Calle of Bere, William Asse. (Trelawne Archive, Temporary no. 568.)
Walter de Bathe/Bathonia/Baa: Died 1275. Lord of the manor of East Raddon which he held of Isabel de Fortibus, Countess of Albermarle. There is no mention of him holding lands at Colebrooke. He also held land in Clauton, Fernhull, La More, Suthcote, Shepwaysse, Bratton’, Cornwode, Pauntesford, Hineton, La Sege, Speliacumb’ and other lands in East Raddon as well as the moiety of a mill in Blaketoriton; all in Devon. Many of these lands were also held by Walter, Sheriff of Devon 1236-51 and Lord of Colebrooke, suggesting that this Walter was his son. He left one known son, Augustine (aged 5) and possibly Walter(?). ("Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica", 1868, vol. 1, pg. 285, "Hist. MSS. Comm. Rep.", vol. 1, 1907, pg. 69, "H.M.C.R. iv, pg. 70, no. 686, "Worthies of Devon", John Prince, pgs. 55 – 58. "Inquisitions and Post Mortems", Court of Chancery.)
Augustine de Bathe/Bathonia/Batonia: His seal : Quarterly or & gules four escallops counterchanged. Aged 5 at the time of his father’s death in 1275/6, on June 18 1296, Augustine de Batonia was granted permission to depart Edward I’s host then at Sterling, Scotland. He held Sheepwash, Wear, Cornwood and East Raddon. He had two co-heiresses, Margaret and Elinor. ("Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica" , 1868, "Worthies of Devon", John Prince, "Calendar of Chancery Warrents" , vol. 1, 1244 – 1326, PRO< 1927, "Collections toward a Description of Devon", Sir William Pole, pub. 1651. "A Collection of Arms", Joseph Holland, 1579.)
Margaret: Married firstly, Sir Andrew de Metstead (Medstede), and secondly, Richard Bykelake. She had one daughter by Sir Andrew, Elinor, who became his sole heir and married John Holland. In 1588, their descendant ,Andrew Holland of Weare, Devon, numbered amongst his quarterings a Baa shield; Sable, three bendlets argent that could only have come from Elinor. Andrew Metstead may be the same man who was sheriff of Surrey in 1325 and his arms are also quartered by Andrew Holland as: Quarterly or and gules, four escallops counterchanged, as given by Joseph Holland for both Augustine de Baa AND Andrew Metstead!!! ("Misc. Gen. Her.", "Worthies of Devon". "Visitation of the County of Devon, 1564", Frederic Colby, pg.132. "A Collection of Arms", Joseph Holland, 1579.)
Elinor: Married Walter de Horton. They held a portion of the manor of Sheepwash from Margaret. Their daughter Melior married into the Thorn family, bringing the land with her. ("Misc. Gen. Her.", "Collections toward a Description of Devon, Sir William Pole, pub 1651")
Walter, Augustine and Thomas de Batonia: On August 28 1343, Lady Margaret de Ba, daughter of Augustine de Batonia and widow of Sir Andrew de Medestede, granted successive remainders in fee tail (a trust for minors) on the manor of Shockerwick in Ford, to these her three sons. In 1351, Lady Margaret quitclaimed all her rights to lands in Ford. ("Medieval Deeds of Bath & district", pgs. 136 & 141. "Misc. Gen. Her.")
Walter ? de Bathe/Bathon : The claimed second son of Sir Walter de Bathe, Lord of East Raddon, was also claimed as Sheriff of Devon in 1290 and again in 1324. However, the 34 year interval between the two Walter de Bathons given by Risdon, likely indicates a separate individual, perhaps an unrecorded son. Furthermore, his brother was 5 years of age when their father died indicating that this Walter was born after 1270. It is highly unlikely that he became sheriff as a teenager. He is said to have had one known son Thomas. ("Misc. Gen. Her.", "Survey of the County of Devon", Tristram Risdon.)
Thomas de Bathe : Arms: Gules, a chevron between three roundels argent. In 1350/51 he lost a suit of law respecting a portion of the manor of Sheepwash against Elinor, wife of John Holland and heiress of Sir Andrew Medstead. Elinor later granted Sheepwash to Thomas’s wife Jone (Joan), for the term of her life. He is claimed (Risdon)to have been holding Shepwash manor, Bucland, Hele Sachvile, Stocley and Aylesland (Aylesbeare) 9 Edw. II (1316), and is recorded there in the lay subsidy of 1332. ("Misc. Gen. Her.", "Collections toward a Description of Devon", Sir William Pole. "Survey of the County of Devon", Tristram Risdon in the General Armory," Devon Lay Subsidy of 1332". )
Hugh de Bathe/Bathonia: An officer of the King’s Wardrobe under King John, Sheriff of Buckinghamshire 1222, Sheriff of Berkshire and Justice of the Jews 1226. He was collated to the Church of Stoke and prebend of the Chapel of Wallingford under Henry III’s patent in 1227. Granted custody of the honour of Wallingford 1227 - 1230. Held lands at Werdeham and a meadow at Colthrop. Dying in 1236 he left all his worldly goods and chattels to Sir Henry de Bathe. ("Dictionary of National Biography"; Under Bathe, or Bathonia, Henry de, pg. 1322. "Magna Brittanica", Daniel Lysons, vol. 1, pg. 398, "Lives of the Judges", Edward Foss, pgs. 60 – 61; Under Bathonia, Henry de. "Magna Brittanica" Daniel Lyson, vol. 1 pg. 398. "History of Berkshire", Univ. of London Institute of Historical Research )
Sir Henry de Bathe/Bathonia:Died 1260. He is claimed as brother to Walter de Baa and Hugo (the younger) de Bathe. Also claimed as the son of Augustin de Bathe, though Foss infers him as the son of Hugh de Bathonia. Risdon lists him as a Knight holding lands in Devonshire. He acted as attorney in a civil suit in 1226. In 1236 he inherited the chattels of Hugh de Bathonia. He served as a judge of the common pleas between 1238 and 1250. Sheriff of Yorkshire 1243 - 1247 (exceptionally long shrievality). He sat as a Justice of the King’s Bench in 1247 and from then onwards presided over various commissions of assize. He appeared before Parliament on Feb. 17, 1251, to answer charges of extortion, taking bribes, letting a convicted felon escape and raising the barons in revolt against the king, but the assembly refused to find him guilty, whereupon Henry III offered a free pardon to any man who would kill him. However, by 1253 he was fined 2000 marks, restored to favour and received a grant of land in Berkshire. He and his wife are mentioned in several land transaction documents in Lambourne (Upper Lambourne), Berkshire, they eventually managed to acquire the entire manor of Upper Lambourne and another called Edwinston. He continued as a judge on various commissions until his death. He was survived by his wife, Aliva (Aline) Sandford/Basset (d. 1273) and heir, John de Bathe and perhaps others (see Peter and Fulk de Bathe below). ("The Dictionary of National Biography", pg. 1322, "Worthies of Devon", John Prince, pgs. 55 – 58, "A Biographical Dictionary of the Judges of England; 1066 - 1870" , Edward Foss, pgs. 60 – 61, "Magna Brittanica", Daniel Lyson, vol. 1, pg. 398. "Collections toward a Description of Devon", Sir William Pole, PRO: online catalogue, "The Notebook of Tristram Risdon" pg. 155. "Hist. of the County of Berkshire", Inst. for Hist. Research. Lond. Univ. )
Joan: Married John de Bohn. In 1291 the escheator is ordered to deliver all the lands of John de Bathonia to de Bohn and his wife Joan. ("Knights of Edward I" , Browne family (viscounts Montague) transcripts Vol. II)
Hugh Bathe : Berkshire : Joan de Bohun to Hugh Bathe: Demise, indented, for five years, of land and apond in 'Britifen': (Linc.) 7 Edw.II
Sir John de Bathonia:was Custos of Windsor Park,1298 & 1303. Summoned to serve against the Scots, 1302 &1303. He was dead by 1305. Claimed by Moor to be the son of Henry de Bathe, he is more likely to be the son of Fulk below. ("Dictionary of National Biography", "Lives of the Judges", Edward Foss; Both under Bathe, or Bathonia, Henry de. "Knights of Edward I", Rev. C. Moor)
Sir Peter de Bathe: Received an Episcopal license to have a chapel on his lands in Lambourne parish in 1334 and was granted an oratory in his manor of Edwinston in 1340. Edwinston had previously been held by Sir Henry de Bathe in 1260. A second son of John de Bathe Sr. above? ( "Hist. of the County of Berkshire", Inst. for Hist. Research. Lond. Univ. )
Fulk de Bathonia/Baa/Ba:A Justice itinerant from 1272 – 1285. C.A.F. Meekings, a noted authority on 13th C justices, believed this man was probably the son of Sir Henry de Bathe. Overlord of Brendhall Manor, Essex, in 1286. Witnesses a charter, 1301. One known son, John. (PRO, "Justices Itinerant 1", no. 249, m2 & no. 235. "Knights of Edward I" Rev’d C. Moore, pg. 58)
John de Bathonia/Baa/Ba:Son of above. Owes £100 in Yorkshire, 1288. Quitclaims messuage and land at Harringworth, Northmamptonshire to Fineshade Priory, Temp. Edw I. . ("Knights of Edward I" Rev’d C. Moor. PRO: online catalogue ref# E329/307 Edw I)
Hugo de Bathe/Bathonia : Said to have been "A companion in arms to Strongbow" during the Norman invasion of Ireland, 1169 – 1172. He was accordingly granted lands in Meath. ("Burke’s Extinct Baronetcies" 1899, "Gentlemen’s Magazine", 1835, pt. 2, p. 375. , Joseph Henry Bath. "Athcarne; a brief history of Athcarne and the Bath family", Beryl Moore MS.)
Mathew de Bathe:Said to have been a descendant of Hugo (above), had one known son John de Bathe. He held the manor of Rathfeig, Co. Meath and the custody of the King’s manor of Leixlip in Co. Kilkenny. A Matthew de Baa (Bathe) signed as a witness to a deed dated 1315, granted to Thomas de Baa, son of David. Other witnesses included Nicholas and Stephen de Baa.(Joseph Henry Bath," The Gentleman’s Magazine" Pt. 2, 1835. pgs 375-377. "The Calendar of Ormond Deeds", Edward Curtis)
Osbert de Bathonia: In 1232 he was holding two virgates of land in Hassockmoor, Somerset. It's doubtful that he was the same Sir Osbert de Bathe that was accused of murder in 1283 and died in 1296, but may have been a relation of the Radwell de Bathonias. ("The Victoria County History of Somerset", Vol. 4, page 181.)
Elizabeth:Daughter of above. Married Sir William Weyland. ( "Knights of Edward I")
Reynold de Bathonia: In 1212 he claimed property in South Petherton and by his death in 1254 held there an estate called Radwell, which he passed on to his minor son, also named Reynold. By 1283 Radwell was held by Osbert de Bathe (see above) who still held the estate at his death in 1296. Osbert's heir was his daughter Elizabeth, then married to Sir William Weyland. Thomas Gerard mentions Radwell Manor (now Rodwell Farm) in the village of West Lambrook some 3 miles from South Petherton, Somerset as being held by an individual by the name of de Bathonia. Gerard gives Or, a chevron engrailed between three lions heads sable as the arms of de Bathonia of Radwell. These arms are remarkably similar to the Or, a chevron engrailed sable between three wolves' heads erased of the last given by Edward Henry Bath as the arms of his ancestors. ("A Particular Description of the County of Somerset 1633", (A.K.A.: "A Survey of Somerset", Thomas Gerard of Trent."The Victoria County History of Somerset", Vol. 4, page 181.)
The house is described today as grade II listed, originally a medieval open hall house.
Sir Walter de Bathe/Baa: Arms: Gules, a chevron between three roundels argent, also three mullets, also three pierced mullets. If these arms, ascribed to various individuals are correct he is descended from Walter, sheriff of Devon 1236-51. From 1284 to 1316 he held by knight service of the Trailly fee a manor at Roxton (Rokeston) in Bedfordshire, gained from Anna his wife. Summoned from Cambridgeshire & Huntingdonshire to serve against the Scots, 1301. A commissioner in Derbyshire, 1303 and a Justice in Bedfordshire, 1309 & 1314. He is said to have come from a Somerset family. ("Magna Brittanica", 1822, Daniel Lyson, vol. 1, pg. 129. "Knights of Edward I". "History of the County of Bedfordshire" Vol. 3, The University of London Institute of Historical Research, Chancery Inquisitions Post Mortem, Edw. I, file 13, no. 2.)
Robert Baa: Arms: A chevron between three pierced mullets. Of Huntindonshire, 1391. Probably, a descendant of the above Sir Walter of Roxton. ("TheBritish Museum Shields" W. Birch, Lond. 1887, )
Nathaniel de Bath: 1333, Knight of the bath, Banneret. Whether a place of residence or surname is not known. ("Knights of England", Shaw.)
Sir Alan de Bathe :Witness to a close roll document in June 1293. ("Knights of Edward I", Rev’d C. Moor, pg. 58.) Thomas. ("Cornwall Visitations of 1620", John L. Vivian, London, Harleian Society, pg. 140.)
William Bathe:In 1395, he acted as attorney for Roger Glendale in a suit concerning four acres of land located in Yaxley, Suffolk. ("De Banco Plea Rolls", roll 538:182-Trinity, 18- 19, Richard II, May 1395.)
Sir Nicholas de Bathonia (Bassett?):Summoned to serve against the Scots, 1296 & 1298. Held lands and manors in Gloucester. Dead by 1326. He had two co heiresses, Aline & Elizabeth. Probably the same Nicol de Bathe/Bassett mentioned on the previous "Coats of Arms" page. (Knights of Edward I")
Aline:Wife of Robert de Sapy. ("Knights of Edward I")
Elizabeth: Deceased at the time of her father’s death. Wife of John de Aune. One son John, 15 at the time. ("Knights of Edward I")
Reginald de Bathe: Appears in the 1332 lay subsidy at Canonsleigh. ("Devon Lay Subsidy of 1332" A. M. Erskine 1969)
John Bathe: Appears in the 1332 lay subsidy at East Budleigh. ("Devon Lay Subsidy of 1332")
he following were furnished by Mr. Vance Mead who sides with the theory that the name of Bath/Bathe is derived from the town of Bath in Somerset:
William Bath:Leased tenements at nos. 16 & 17 Peter Street, Bristol, 1365. ("The Topography of medieval and early modern Bristol", Leech, Roger H.)
Alsi de Bathon’: Prior toCirca 1190, Sold land in Redcliffe Street, Bristol (Cartulary of St. Augustine’s Abbey, Bristol).
John Bathe:Circa. 1563 he is said to have married Elinor (Ellen, Elenor) Preston, daughter of Jenico Preston, 3rd Viscount Gormanston. Elinor’s mother being Lady Catherine Fitzgerald, daughter of Gerald, 9th Earl of Kildare. ___________________________________________________________________________
Notes: This page will be updated as time and information allows. (See Updates)
The sources given in this compendium form a select bibliography and are not complete. Other sources, often
contemporary, may be found in the transcribed works.
The following items from the select bibliography have been electronically transcribed and are
available to interested parties upon request:
Edward Henry Bath MS. 1905.
Entry in "The Gentleman’s Magazine", by Joseph Henry Bath, 1835.
The Worthies of Devon, John Prince, pub. 1702, Pgs. 55 – 58.
The Biographical Dictionary of the Judges of England: 1066 – 1870, Edward Foss, Pgs. 60 –61.
The Dictionary of National Biography, pg. 1322.
The Baths of Colebrooke; From the Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, vol. 1, 1868.
The Knights of Edward I, Rev’d C. Moor, Pgs. 58 – 59.
Athcarne; a brief history and description, Beryl Moore MS.
Extracts from the "Crown Pleas of the Devon Eyre of 1238" Henry Summerson.
Extracts from the "Collections toward a Description of Devon", Sir William Pole, pub. 1651
Extract from the "Medieval Deeds of Bath and District" Somerset Record Society, 1974.
Extracts from the "Calendar of Ormond Deeds", Edward Curtis as provided by Mr. Dennis Walsh.
Inquisition, Post Mortem of Walter de Bathon’, 1275, Court of Chancery.
A chart outlining the Irish De Bathe family ancestry; from available sources.Top of Page
Contacts Michael Edward Bath Joanna Dalton, née Bath