Fourth Kentucky Infantry

4th Kentucky Infantry

The 4th InfanSpeed S. Frytry Volunteers was one of the three infantry regiments which President Lincoln authorized Lieut. William Nelson, of the Navy, a native Kentuckian of Mason County, to raise in Kentucky in the early summer of 1861. Capt. Speed S. Fry, of Danville, who had served in the Mexican war, was selected by Lieut. Nelson for one of his colonels, and he chose for his Lt. Col., John T. Croxton, a young lawyer of Paris, son of a Bourbon County farmer and a recent graduate of Yale; and for major, P. Burgess Hunt, of Lexington, son of a Fayette County farmer and a member of the Lexington Chasseurs, a noted company of the State Guard, commanded by Capt. Sanders D. Bruce, afterward Col. of the 20th Kentucky Infantry, and recruiting for the regiment actively began. The leaders of the Union men of Kentucky had requested Lieut. Nelson not to open any camp until after the legislative elections, on the first Monday in August, and recruits were enrolled with the understanding that they were to rendezvous immediately after that date at a camp in Garrard County, situated on the Lexington and Danville turnpike, between the Kentucky and Dicks rivers, where the turnpike to Crab Orchard branches off, which was styled Camp Dick Robinson, in honor of the staunch Union man on whose land it was located.

Recruiting was done in most cases rather quietly and the Home Guard companies, which had been organized during the spring, supplied the most ready material, though a quota came from the State Guard. The territory from which Col. Fry was to draw his men was of considerable extent, and, as the time was short and recruiting hurried, the companies were gathered from widely separated localities. One came from Danville and vicinity; two from Mercer, Washington and Anderson; two from Rockcastle and Laurel; one from Estill; one from Montgomery and Rowan; one from Lewis; one from Bourbon, Nicholas and Pendleton, and one from Harrison and Grant.

The day after the August election, 1861, Col. Fry with a detachment from Danville, the nucleus of what became Company A, opened Camp Dick Robinson, and the next day organized companies and parts of companies for his and the other three regiments began to pour in, and within a few weeks enough men to fill the four regiments had assembled. Col. Fry's regiment was originally called the 2d Kentucky, but after the legislature assembled in September, and determined to respond to the President's call for troops, the two regiments enlisted at Camp Cook, Ohio, were recognized by the state and numbered 1st and 2nd, and the number of Fry's was changed to 4th, Bramlette's was changed from 1st to 3d, and Garrard's to 7th, Rousseau's and Whittaker's being numbered 5th and 6th, respectively. There was some temporary irritation over these changes, but it soon subsided. Wolford's regiment was mustered as the 1st Cavalry and retained that designation.

One of General Nelson's plans for accustoming his new soldiers to be ready for emergencies was to have frequent night alarms and the long roll was sounded on many occasions at late hours of the night and the whole force arrayed in line to meet imaginary foes. As rumors of Zollicoffer's advance were rife through the country, these alarms were taken very seriously by most of the command.

Shortly after the camp was opened it was reinforced by a large body of East Tennessee Unionists, soon organized into the 1st and 2d East Tennessee, who had first rendezvoused near Barboursville. Many came into Camp Dick [Robinson] afterward, and had thrilling tales to tell of their perils in escaping through the rebel lines. There were a number of preachers with them and prayer meetings were held nearly every night.

The camp had not been opened very long until there was an outbreak of the measles, which proved fatal in not a few cases. Many of the sick were removed to Danville, and the men of Camp Dick Robinson owe a debt of gratitude to the good people, and especially to the good women, of the town.

The first active service performed by any portion of the regiment was when a detachment of several companies, with a similar detachment from the 3d, was sent to Nicholasville to escort a wagon train, loaded with muskets and ammunition, from Nicholasville to the camp. The regiment was first armed with the old smooth bore musket, but soon after the two flanking companies were supplied with Enfield rifles. One peculiarity in the organization of the 4th Kentucky Regiment must be noted. Its companies were arranged in alphabetical order from right to left, so that while A was the right company, K was the left company, and that arrangement was observed throughout its four years' service. The matter was referred to General Thomas and he decided that it was a perfectly proper arrangement as the company commanders all bore commissions of the same date.

In the latter part of October, the regiment moved to Crab Orchard and became a part of the 2d Brigade, 1st Division, Army of the Ohio. After a few weeks spent at Crab Orchard, it was ordered to Lebanon to join the rest of the brigade, consisting of the 10th Kentucky, 14th Ohio and 10th Indiana. On the way, at Brumfield's, it had its first experience of pay day. The pay master was Major Philip Speed, whose clerk was George K. Speed, afterward captain, 4th Kentucky Cavalry. The pay was in Kentucky bank notes with some gold and silver, all equally good at the time and equally welcome. At Lebanon, another brigade of the division was found. While there, Gen. Buell reviewed and inspected the brigade. An outbreak of typhoid fever there cost the regiment some valuable lives, among them that of Chap. J. W. Jacobs, who literally wore himself out nursing the sick. The good people of Lebanon were most helpful and sympathetic during this trouble.

About the first of January, 1862, the regiment started with the brigade on the campaign against Zollicoffer, then entrenched at Mill Springs. Up to that time the tents used were the Bell tent; for that campaign it was furnished with the Sibley tent, each one of which would accommodate 20 men. Up to that time, also, each company had been allowed two wagons and the field and staff as many as were desired. The marching orders for that campaign cut down the allowance to one wagon for a company and one for field and staff, and the general opinion was that it would be impossible to move. It was done, however, though many home comforts were abandoned. Later experience showed the regiment that one wagon to a brigade might be enough, and that tents were not essential.

The regiment marched with the command by way of Campbellsville, Columbia and Webb's Crossroads, arriving at Logan's Crossroads, about nine miles from the enemy's entrenched camp, on the evening of January 18th. Early the next morning, which was Sunday, the enemy attacked the pickets, consisting of detachments of Wolford's cavalry and the 10th Indiana Infantry. The 4th being nearest the front moved to their support and became immediately engaged. The following is an extract from a report of General George H. Thomas commanding our army:

"Upon my arrival on the field soon afterwards, I found the 10th Indiana formed in front of their encampment apparently awaiting orders, and ordered them forward to the support of the 4th Kentucky, which was the only entire regiment then engaged. I then rode forward myself to see the enemy's position so that I could determine what disposition to make of my troops as they arrived. On reaching the position held by the 4th Kentucky, 10th Indiana and Wolford's cavalry, at a point where the roads fork leading to Somerset, I found the enemy advancing through a corn field and evidently endeavoring to gain the left of the 4th Kentucky Regiment, which was maintaining its position in the most determined manner . . . A section of Capt. Kinney's battery took a position on the edge of the field to the left of the 4th Kentucky, and opened an effective fire on a regiment of Alabamians, who were advancing on the 4th Kentucky. Soon after the 2d Minnesota arrived, the colonel reporting to me for instructions. I directed him to take the position of the 4th Kentucky and the 10th Indiana, which regiments were nearly out of ammunition . . . Col. S. S. Fry, 4th Kentucky, was slightly wounded while his regiment was gallantly resisting the advance of the enemy, during which time General Zollicoffer fell from a shot from his (Col. Fry's) pistol, which, no doubt, contributed materially to the discomfiture of the enemy."

The enemy was driven from the field in confusion, and our forces followed in immediate pursuit. Evidences that the enemy was demoralized soon began to appear. Hundreds of small arms and haversacks, filled with three days' rations of corn bread and bacon, very welcome to our breakfastless men, were strewn along the roadside and through the fields.

Our forces reached the neighborhood of the enemy's entrenchments before dusk and were put in position to attack them at daybreak. The first light showed that the enemy was retreating and crossing in a steam ferry boat to the south shore of the Cumberland. The battery opened fire on the boat, and it was taken to the other shore and burned. Our troops hastened forward and found the enemy all gone except some of their wounded. Two six-gun batteries, with the horses hitched up and ready for moving, were left near the landing, and the bottom was filled with a wagon train.

The road up from the river on the other side was strewn with trunks and baggage of various kinds thrown from wagons. Rafts were speedily improvised and a force thrown over, which followed the retreating enemy as far as Monticello.

It is questionable whether the capture of the whole rebel force would have had as much effect as its panic stricken retreat and disorganization. The reports of Gen. Crittenden show that only two or three regiments preserved any organization, and that most of the command dispersed. A year afterward the 4th Kentucky found some of them at Lavergne, who had never returned to duty after the Mill Springs fight. The 4th Kentucky lost in action, one officer, Lieut. J. M. Hall, Company B, and eight men killed and 52 wounded, which was a pretty heavy percentage in a regiment depleted by sickness and detachments to less than 400 for duty.

The following pleasing incident occurred during the battle: Capt. Wellington Harlan was under arrest at the time the battle began, on charges preferred by Lieut. Col. Croxton. Capt. Harlan marched in rear of his company, and when the regiment was ordered into engagement took a musket and fought gallantly in the ranks. Col. Croxton, seeing his conduct, with the permission of Gen. Thomas, went to him during the fight, released him from arrest and restored him to the command of his company.
John T. CroxtonThe regiment remained in the rebel cantonments at Mill Springs till February 14th, when it was relieved by the 19th Kentucky.

The regiment marched by Coffey's Mill, Danville, Lebanon and Bardstown to Louisville and there embarked on boats for Nashville, where it arrived March 4th. At Louisville it was presented with a flag by the ladies of the city. Left Nashville March 20th and marched, via Franklin, to Spring Hill, where it was in camp some days with the rest of the division. After a few days' rest there, started for Pittsburgh Landing, moving by regular marches till April 5th, when the guns of Shiloh were heard and a forced march began. In the order of march that day, the division of Gen. Thomas was in the rear. Reveille was sounded on the 6th about 3 a.m., and march began in the dark. The road cut up by trains was knee deep in mud, and the men stuck lighted candles on their bayonets and made flambeaux of various kinds, but many fell in ditches and ruts. The division did not reach Savannah till nearly dark, and did not reach the battlefield in time to take part in the battle.

The regiment took part in the advance on Corinth, frequently skirmishing and sometimes sustaining loss. Shortly after reaching Shiloh field Col. Fry received his commission as brigadier-general. Lieut. Col. Croxton was promoted colonel; Major Hunt, lieutenant colonel, and Capt. R. M. Kelly, Company K, major. During this time the brigade, commanded by Gen. Fry, with a battalion of cavalry, all under command of Gen. W. T. Sherman, went on boats up the Tennessee river and marching inland burned the bridge over Bear river, on the Memphis & Charleston R.R. In the reorganization of the army after the battle of Shiloh, Gen. Thomas was put in command of the right wing, and his division, then called the 7th Division, was commanded by Gen. W. T. Sherman. The regiment after the evacuation of Corinth marched via Iuka to Tuscumbia. Gen. Thomas had then resumed command of the division and Gen. Fry commanded the brigade.

After a stay of some weeks at Tuscumbia, the regiment moved with the command on July 24th, via Florence, Lawrenceburg, Pulaski, Fayetteville, Lynchburg and Winchester to Decherd by August 4th. It was on this march that Col. McCook, of the 9th Ohio, was killed by guerrillas while riding in his ambulance. From Decherd the regiment moved with the command to Pelham, and thence by Manchester and Murfreesboro, to Nashville. Leaving Nashville September 15th, it marched with Buell's army to Louisville, by September 24th. At Louisville the 74th Indiana was added to the brigade. In the reorganization of Buell's army at Louisville, Gen. Thomas was made second in command, and Gen. Gilbert put in command of the center to which the 1st Division, now in command of Gen. Albin Schoepf, was attached. The regiment marched, via Bardstown and Springfield, to Perryville, but it was not under fire there though the 10th Indiana of the brigade, under direction of Gen. Fry, did some sharp skirmishing. From Perryville, after the battle, the regiment moved with the command, via Danville to Crab Orchard, and thence via Greensburg and Glasgow to Gallatin, Tennessee; and thence to Castalian Springs, half way between Gallatin and Hartsville, 10 miles off, it made a rapid march to reinforce them, but it arrived only in time to exchange a few shots with Morgan's rear guard. Marched thence to Gallatin and on evening of 25th took the cars to oppose Morgan's raid on the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. The Bacon Creek bridge had been burned and leaving train there the command marched to Elizabethtown, joined at Munfordville by the 12th Kentucky Cavalry and 13th Kentucky Infantry, had a fight with Morgan's rear at Rolling Fork; moved thence to Lebanon Junction, and thence to Nashville. Marched to Little Harpeth, to meet a reported raid of Forrest, returned to Nashville and moved to Lavergne, where the brigade remained till May; then removed to Triune, where Gen. Brannan took command of the division, which had then become the 3rd Division, 14th Army Corps, relieving Gen. Fry, who had been ordered to Kentucky. Col. Croxton was shortly after assigned to command of the brigade and Lieut. Col. Hunt commanded the regiment. The regiment took part in the Tullahoma campaign and was in action at Hoover's Gap, Concord Church, and near Tullahoma, but with slight loss. Marched from Tullahoma to Winchester, and thence, on Aug. 13th, started on the Chickamauga campaign. Croxton's brigade opened that battle on the morning of September 19th. Lieut. Col. Hunt was wounded severely on the morning of the 19th, and Major Kelly, who had been on staff duty as division inspector, took command of the regiment.

The regiment left Snodgrass Hill, where the rebel forces were finally checked on the 20th, after dark, with the division, and fell back to Rossville, and the night afterward to Chattanooga, the 4th bringing up the rear. The regiment went into action with nineteen officers and three hundred and sixty men fit for duty, and lost thirteen officers wounded, and one hundred and sixty enlisted men killed and wounded. Took part in the action of Missionary Ridge, ascending the hill on the extreme left of the Army of the Cumberland, losing only 12 in killed and wounded. Col. Croxton had been wounded at Chickamauga, and Col. Phelps was killed just after reaching the top of the hill. Col. Croxton, just returned from hospital, accompanied the brigade, but would not assume command and was again wounded at the foot of the hill, and had to return to hospital, and Col. Hays, 10th Kentucky, assumed command of the brigade. General A. Baird was in command of the division, Gen. Brannan having been made chief of artillery, Capt. George M. Jackson, Co. E, who had resigned by reason of ill health the year before, visited the regiment just before the battle, and when it was ordered into action took a musket and fell in with his old company and fought gallantly throughout the engagement.
Missionary Ridge

Early in January the regiment re-enlisted, and, on the 19th, returned to Kentucky on veteran furlough.

A pleasing incident during the siege of Chattanooga was the presentation to General Thomas, then commanding the Army of the Cumberland, of a sword ordered by the enlisted men while at Triune, at a cost of $1,500. No officer was allowed to contribute. When the sword was received at Chattanooga, many of the contributors were dead. General Thomas rode down to the regiment, which was in close column by division, the sword was presented to Q. M. Sgt. W. R. Williams in a neat speech, to which Gen. Thomas briefly replied and the ceremony was over. In Gen. Price's portrait of Gen. Thomas the belt shown is the one belonging to the sword then presented.

At the end of the thirty-day-veteran furlough, the regiment rendezvoused at Camp Nelson, within 10 miles of where it originally enlisted. It got orders to recruit and be mounted, moved to the suburbs of Lexington, where a large command of one year regiments, whose terms were about to expire, was encamped. Authority was obtained to recruit among them; they were very ready to re-enlist for a longer time, particularly in a mounted regiment, and a large number of recruits of excellent character were speedily obtained; a full company had been obtained at Camp Nelson, which absorbed Company H, then much reduced. Horses were bought at Lexington, by inspectors chosen by Col. Croxton, and a fine mount obtained.

While the regiment was at Lexington, Lt. Col. Hunt, whose Chickamauga wound had permanently disabled him, resigned. Major Kelly was made lieutenant colonel, and Capt. Tompkins, Company E, promoted to major. May 16th the regiment marched to the front, with twenty-five officers and about five hundred and fifty well mounted men for duty, and armed, except Companies A and K, which had Spencer carbines, with the Ballard breach loading rifle, which proved a failure in the first engagement. Major Tompkins, with a recruiting detail, was left in Lexington. The regiment marched by way of Nashville to Chattanooga arriving early in June. Leaving Chattanooga, it camped about ten miles from Lafayette, Georgia. At reveille, two cavalry soldiers were brought in by the pickets, and reported that Col. Watkins, with a detachment of four hundred men of his brigade, consisting of the 4th, 6th and 7th Kentucky Cavalry regiments had been attacked, before day, by Gen. Pillow with a large force and was holding the courthouse and jail. Col. Croxton immediately ordered the regiment to mount and leaving a company to guard the train started on a gallop for Lafayette. Watkins' gallant men had apparently spoiled Pillow's appetite for fighting, for his command immediately began to give way before the attack of Croxton, and were soon in disorderly flight, leaving a large number of killed and wounded. Watkins' command had made a gallant defense, but were without water and nearly out of ammunition and would have been compelled to surrender but for the fortunate appearance of the 4th Kentucky Infantry. The regiment lost only a few men wounded. Pillow was pursued some miles toward Sommerville, and then the march to the front was resumed. The regiment was detained, in Villanow Valley and at Snake Creek Gap, for some weeks under orders to protect the railroad, and had several slight skirmishes with raiding parties. Then joined the Army advancing on Atlanta, and had a sharp skirmish, with slight loss, at Mason's church; was attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, and Col. Croxton was assigned to command the brigade consisting of the 1st East Tennessee, 8th Iowa, and 4th Kentucky Mounted Infantry,§ Gen. Ed McCook commanding the division. Late in July, marched with the division on a raid against the railroads south of Atlanta, McCook's division starting from the right of the army and Stoneman's from the left. Crossing the Chattahoochee, the railroad was destroyed near Newnan, a large wagon pack train captured and destroyed and several hundred prisoners taken, and then the Macon road destroyed, near Lovejoy's Station. Delay there for Stoneman brought Wheeler's rebel cavalry and a brigade of infantry from Atlanta, and the return commenced. Croxton's brigade brought up the rear of the division, and the 4th Kentucky the rear of the brigade, and suffered severely near Lovejoy's. Marched all night and at daylight next morning, while holding the rear, was attacked by overwhelming forces and Lt. Col. Kelly and nearly half the regiment captured. The balance broke through and caught up with the rest of the brigade, near Newnan, where another sharp action was had and the command driven. After reaching camp, after the raid, Croxton with his brigade was ordered to Tennessee, where the 4th participated in the campaign against Forrest, having a sharp skirmish with loss, at Pulaski; regiment then commanded by Maj. Tompkins. Lt. Col. Kelly rejoined regiment at Pulaski. In the meantime Col. Croxton had been made brigadier general; Kelly, colonel, and Tompkins, lieutenant colonel. Capt. J. I. Hudnall was commissioned major, but declined to accept and was mustered out for expiration of service and Capt. J. W. Jacob, Company A, was made major.
Spencer rifle
The brigade, the 4th Kentucky accompanying it, was ordered to the vicinity of Florence, to observe Hood's advance. When Hood crossed the Tennessee, there was a sharp fight at Shoal Creek, in which the 4th Kentucky held a position enabling the command and artillery to fall back safely. In this action Adjutant Schable and Lieut. Hoch were badly wounded. The trains were sent back and seen no more till Nashville was reached. Croxton's brigade, in which the 2nd Michigan had taken its place, fell back before Hood's advance, having frequent skirmishes and took part in the cavalry fight on the left at Franklin sustaining a slight loss. The regiment moved with the cavalry in the battle before Nashville, and took part in the pursuit of Hood and went into winter quarters at Waterloo, Alabama.

During that winter, recruits and detached men and prisoners rejoined, and veterans from the 6th, 8th and 10th regiments were assigned to the 4th and the 2nd Iowa Cavalry, which was about to be mustered out, turned over their Spencer carbines to the 4th and completely armed it. About March 22nd the regiment started with Gen. Wilson on the greatest cavalry campaign of the war. The 6th Kentucky Cavalry had been added to the brigade in place of the 1st Tennessee. On reaching Elyton, near Birmingham, Alabama, Croxton was ordered to proceed to Tuscaloosa, to break up some Confederate supply factories there. The 4th Kentucky was guarding the wagon trains that day, and had to leave one company, K, with the trains and was a day behind in following the brigade. Near Tuscaloosa the brigade encountered Chalmer's division of Forrest's command, marching to head off Wilson. Croxton retreated north toward the Black Warrior, and the 4th Kentucky, duly warned, cut across and intercepted him. The Tuscaloosa garrison had been advised that Croxton had been scattered through the mountains, but the brigade swam the Black Warrior, marched down its north side, capturing the bridge at the Tuscaloosa in a night attack.

Croxton had been given discretion to get out as he could, and, after finding that the state of the rivers would prevent him from reaching Mobile, concluded to start for Vicksburg. After getting a short distance across the Mississippi line he met an equal or superior force, and after a sharp fight returned to the vicinity of Tuscaloosa, and after a day or two of rest concluded he could catch up with Wilson by taking a straight line for Augusta, Georgia. The country was rough and well watered, streams were high and many were crossed by swimming. The 4th Kentucky captured the ferry over the Coosa, after a skirmish, and had a skirmish in approaching Tallapoosa, Alabama, and helped in the capture of the conscript camp at Blue Mt., possibly the last fight of the war.

The command proceeded, via Newnan to Griffin, Georgia, on the Atlanta & Macon road, where Croxton found an engine and went to Macon and surprised Gen. Wilson, who had supposed him back in Tennessee, by reporting to him. The regiment moved to Macon, and after some marching in pursuit of the fugitive President of the Confederacy, remained in camp at Macon, till August 17th, when it was mustered out and ordered to Louisville for final discharge.

The 4th Kentucky infantry served something over four years. Proud of its record, it never changed its organization to the 4th Kentucky Veteran Infantry. It was never on post duty and never on detached duty, but always actively in the field. When the different army corps began to take emblems, the 14th Corps took the acorn. That was a reminiscence of Camp Dick Robinson, where the Bluegrass boys of the 4th began in the fall to joke the mountain boys of the 3rd and 7th about the ripeness and abundance of the oak mast, and those regiments began to call themselves acorn regiments. The 4th Kentucky Infantry, first and last, had more men in it than any other Kentucky regiment---it never failed to receive the commendation of its commanders. Every officer holding a commission at date of muster out, except the colonel and lieutenant colonel, had risen from the ranks.

§ The veterans were furloughed and the regiment was re-organized in early January, 1864.  The men were mounted and equipped with carbines, thus requiring the change in designation to "Mounted Infantry."  The 4th Kentucky Infantry and the 4th Kentucky Mounted Infantry are the same.  -- R.M.B.


From Dyer's Compendium:

4th Regiment Infantry

Organized at Camp Dick Robinson, Ky., October 9, 1861. Attached to Thomas' Command, Army of Ohio, to November, 1861. 2nd Brigade, Army of Ohio, to December, 1861. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of Ohio, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Ohio, to November, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division (Center), 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January. 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 14th Army Corps, to October, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 14th Army Corps, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to November, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to August, 1865.

SERVICE.--Moved to Crab Orchard, Ky., October 28, 1861; thence to Lebanon, Ky., and duty there until January, 1862. Advance on Camp Hamilton January 1-15. Action at Logan's Cross Roads on Fishing Creek January 19. Battle of Mill Springs January 19-20. Duty at Mill Springs until February 11. Moved to Louisville, Ky., thence to Nashville, Tenn., February 11-March 2. March to Savannah, Tenn., March 20-April 7. Expedition to Bear Creek, Ala., April 12-13. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Buell's Campaign in Northern Alabama and Middle Tennessee June to August. Action at Decatur August 7. March to Nashville, Tenn., thence to Louisville, Ky., in pursuit of Bragg August 20-September 26. Pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1-16. Battle of Perryville October 8. March to Gallatin, Tenn., and duty there until January 13, 1863. Operations against Morgan December 22, 1862-January 2, 1863. Action at Boston December 29, 1862. Moved to Nashville, Tenn., January 13, 1863, and duty there until June. Expedition toward Columbia March 4-14. Middle Tennessee (or Tullahoma) Campaign June 24-July 7. Hoover's Gap June 24-26. Tullahoma June 29-30. Elk River July 3. Occupation of Middle Tennessee until August 16. Passage of Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Battle of Chickamauga, Ga., September 19-21. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-November 23. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Orchard Knob November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. Veterans on furlough January and February, 1864. Regiment changed to Mounted Infantry and reorganized at Lexington, Ky. Moved to Lafayette, Ga., May 16-June 11. At Villenow Valley and Snake Creek Gap, Ga., guarding railroad until July. Lafayette June 24. Near Atlanta June 26. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. McCook's Raid on Atlanta & West Point Railroad and Macon & Western Railroad July 27-31. Lovejoy Station July 29. Near Newnan July 30. At Kingston, Ga., until September 17. Moved to Nashville, Tenn., thence to Franklin and pursuit of Forest September 25-October 10. Pulaski, Tenn., September 26, 27 and 29. Muscle Shoals, near Florence, Ala., October 30. Near Shoal Creek, Ala., October 31. Nashville Campaign November-December. Shoal Creek, near Florence, November 5-6. On line of Shoal Creek November 16-20. Fouche Springs November 23. Campbellsville November 24. In front of Columbia November 24-27. Battle of Franklin November 30. Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Lynnville and Richland Creek December 24-25. Pulaski December 25-26. Expedition into Mississippi January 15-21, 1865. Wilson's Raid to Macon, Ga., March 22-May 1. Trion, Ala., April 1. Northport, near Tuscaloosa, April 3. Occupation of Tuscaloosa April 4. Occupation of Talladega April 22. Munford's Station April 23. Rejoin Wilson at Macon May 1. Duty at Macon and in Georgia until August. Mustered out August 17, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 118 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 326 Enlisted men by disease. Total 459.

Copyright © 2000-2009, Robert M. Baker, Timothy Downey, and the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War, Kentucky Dept.


Additional Resources

4th Kentucky Infantry Roster

Holly Timm's "Many Native Sons Were in the 4th Kentucky Infantry"


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