The grandfather of the subject of this sketch lived in Yorkshire, England.  He was captain of the militia, or Home Guards, and one of six brothers who, while the war between England and France was in full sway, as members of the militia, volunteered to go to Doncaster Races, now so celebrated, and repulse the Danes, who, taking advantage of the absence of the regular army, frequently invaded that part of the country.  Not one of these patriotic brothers was permitted to return, all having fallen in battle.


Capt. Hudson's only child, James, was born Aug. 20, 1792, being thus left an orphan in early life, he was soon thrown on his own resources.  After obtaining a fair education, he learned the machinist's trade, which he followed in after-life.  In 1815 he married Miss Lydia Wilkinson, who was born in Yorkshire, 1794.  Her father occupying the position of honor and trust as butler to Lord Ribelsdel, she had more than ordinary opportunities of securing education, refinement, and culture, so that their marriage proved a happy and fruitful one, the result of which was five children,--three sons and two daughters,--of which Samuel W. is the fourth in descent.  He was born in the homestead at Kethla, near Leeds, Yorkshire, May 29, 1821.  In January of 1827, Mrs. Lydia Hudson, his mother, died after a short illness; the oldest daughter died in August, 1840.  In July, 1829, his father, with the remaining family, set sail in the sailing-ship "John Wells" for America.  After a long and tedious voyage they landed in Philadelphia, which they made their home.  On July 21, 1831, his father apprenticed Samuel W. for a period of ten years, dating from May 16, 1832, to Michael Dyott, of Philadelphia, the said Michael Dyott agreeing to teach him as compensation for his labor the trades of glass-blowing and wicker-making, also to provide him with clothing and board, allowing him the privileges of attending night- and Sabbath-schools.  This firm failed, owing to the financial panic of 1837, so that the indenture was canceled.  In October of 1837 he was apprenticed to Jacob Kits, of Chester, Pa., who was engaged in general foundry business.  Here he learned the moulding trade, together with his two brothers, who were employed by the same firm.  In 1840 he returned to Philadelphia, where he worked at his trade with the firm then known as Rush & Muhlenberg.


In 1841 he removed to Pottsville, Pa., and remained there until 1845, when he went to Weatherly, Pa.  For one year he was unsettled; finally located at Tamaqua, Pa., where he started in business for himself, in the shops now known as Carter, Allen & Co.'s.  After two years of fair success he sold out, and removed to Sugar Loaf, Luzerne Co., where he started machine-shops, the firm then being known as Hudson & Allen.  These shops were destroyed by fire in 1850, after which they moved their machinery to Beaver Meadow, Pa., where they began business on a larger scale, manufacturing all kinds of heavy and useful machinery.  Among other work was that done for the Bowman Brothers, at Parryville, in furnishing the principal material for erecting their new furnace.  In 1859 he sold out his interest to his brother, Brice Hudson, and moving to Hudsondale, Pa. (then known as Hartz's), in Packer township, Carbon County, he invested in large tracts of farming and timber land.  Here also he started again in general foundry business, and continued in the same until 1876, building a large grist- and flour-mill during that time.  About the year 1880 his mind took an inventive turn, and he began to originate to such an extent that he has taken out letters patent to the number of sixteen.  The most important are in hydraulics and pneumatics, among others, one for ventilating mines, another an air-compressor, used for transmitting energy by means of compressed air.  The latest and most important is a compressed0air pump, or pneumatic water-elevator.  These patents as a class are useful and practical.


Mr. Hudson has taken an active interest in politics for many years, casting his first vote as a Whig for Henry Clay in 1844.  His party being largely in the minority in the county, his public record has not been as extended as might have been desired by his political allies.  On Dec. 11, 1846, he was married to Mary, daughter of Thomas and Ann Carter.  She was born Sept. 21, 1825, at Marazion, Cornwall, England.  Her family came to this country in 1842, and located at Tamaqua, Schuylkill Co., Pa.  The Carter family has since become so successful that to-day they represent some of the largest coal interests in Carbon County.


The issue of their marriage resulted in three children.  Lydia, the oldest, was married to Joseph J. Poole, January, 1869, and died March, 1870.  The next, Samuel B., married Miss Susan Dennier, of Tunkhannock, Pa., October, 1876.  He is engaged in farming lumbering, and milling at Hudsondale.  Annie Carter, the youngest, is residing with her parents at the old homestead.


Mr. Hudson's life thus far has been one of great activity and usefulness, and his greatest pleasure is laboring for the advancement of science and mechanics.










The History of the Counties of Lehigh & Carbon, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania,


Alfred Mathews & Austin N. Hungerford

Published in Philadelphia, Pa., in 1884


Transcribed from the original in July, 2002 by

Vincent E Summers
[3X-great-grandson of David Weatherly Sr., namesake of the town of Weatherly]


Web page by

Jack Sterling

August 2002