Kelly's Directory of Lydney



LYDNEY is a parish, town, and first class railway station; the parish is bounded on the east by the river Severn, which is here connected with the Wye by means of a tramway; there is also a broad guage railway by the side of the tramway, for a distance of 8 miles, which at Lydney forms a junction with the Great Western Railway: the town is situated on the high road from Gloucester to Chepstow and Swansea, distant from Chepstow 9 miles north-east, 123 west-by-north from London by road, and 134 by rail, and 20 south-west from Gloucester, in the Western division of the county, Bledisloe hundred, Chepstow union and county court district, rural deanery of The Forest, archdeaconry of Gloucester, and diocese of Gloucester and Bristol. The town is situated in the district of the Forest of Dean; some 400,000 tons of coal, iron ore, stone, timber, iron and tin plates, are annually conveyed on the Severn and Wye Railway, for the most part to the harbour at Lydney, and on to the Great Western Railway system. The Lydney station on the Great Western Railway (South Wales division), lies about midway between the town and the port, 1 mile distant from either point. Lydney Creek, port of Gloucester, is the term given to the harbour; the width of the out harbour gates is 26 feet; and within, vessels of 400 tons find berth. Petty sessions are held at the Feathers hotel every four weeks or oftener, as occasion arises. The church of St. Mary is a large structure in the Early English style, with a square tower, surmounted by a handsome spire, containing clock and a peal of six bells, nave, aisles, and chancel; it has been restored and repewed at considerable expense: a new and beautifully carved stone pulpit, and several handsome painted windows have been added; the large east window of the chancel, filled in with stained glass of gorgeous colouring, by Hardman, was placed by James Cookson, esq., in memory of his uncle, Joseph Cookson, esq., late of Clifton, deceased: the floor of the chancel is laid with encaustic tiles of rich design, by Godwin: a new organ was erected in 1869, at a cost of £280. The register dates from the year 1678. The living is a vicarage, with the tithing of Aylburton annexed, yearly value £680 with residence, in the gift of the Dean and Chapter of Hereford, and held by the Rev. Benjamin Philpot, M.A., late archdeacon of Sodor and Man, and formerly fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge. Near the church, and in connection therewith, are situated the schools, erected in 1866 by subscriptions, aided by a government grant of 350 pounds: the buildings consist of three separate rooms for the pupils, and a residence for the master; they are spacious and handsome, built of the Forest stone, with Bath stone facings; the total cost was £2,000, and the ground they occupy was the gift of the Rev. W. H. Bathurst, of Lydney Park. There are places of worship for Baptists, Wesleyans, and Primitive Methodists. There is a Mechanics Institute here, which was established in 1849; it has a good library and reading room, the latter being well supplied with newspapers and periodicals. A charity of £2 7s is distributed to the poor yearly. The vicinity of Lydney, forming part of the estate of the Rev. William Hiley Bathurst, is rich in mineral produce, more especially in iron ore, which is now being extensively worked by Messrs. Allaway, who have large tin plate works near the railway station. Lydney is by some writers supposed to have been the Roman station "Abona" , and there are certain evidences of its occupation by the Romans. In Lydney Park, where stands the mansion of the Rev. William Hiley Bathurst, are the remains of a Roman military station, where fragments of tesselated pavements and hypocausts, together with a large number of coins, broken pottery, and implements of various kinds, have been discovered. The station included also a temple, dedicated to a deity called Nodens or Nodons. Fairs are held on May 4th, and November 8th, and a general wool and stock fair on 25th June. The Rev. William Hiley Bathurst, who is lord of the manor, Edward Owen Jones, and Thomas Breadstone Croome, esqrs., are chief landowners. The soil is various, in some places light sandy, and in others, principally marl and clay, on the iron stone formation; subsoil, sandstone and ironstone. The stratifications in the neighbourhood of Lydney are the outcroppings of the Forest lower coal measures, after which the sandstone rock, ironstone, and partial formations of the new red sandstone. The chief crops are wheat, barley, beans and oats. The area is 6,723 acres; the population in 1861 was 2,285; gross estimated rental, £16,725; rateable value, £13,704.

AYLBURTON is a tithing in the parish of Lydney, and lies on the high road, 1 mile south-by-west. The church was rebuilt in 1857, at the expense of Charles Bathurst, esq., except for £25 given by the lessee of the great tithes. A school room has recently been erected, together with a house for a mistress, the expense of which has been defrayed by the Rev. W. H. Bathurst, assisted by contributions from friends. The hamlet of Aylburton has charities of £16 pound yearly value. The school is designed for young children only. The area is 1,506a. 2r. 16p,: rateable value £3,091 12s. The population in 1861 was 604.

Tithing Clerk, Henry Powell

Parish Clerk, George Holford


Post & Money Order Office, Post Office Savings Bank & Government Annuity & Insurance Office - Henry Imm, postmaster. Letters from London and all parts arrive at 1.45 a.m. & are delivered at 7; dispatched at 9.40 p.m.; box closes at 9.15. Letters with an extra stamp affixed may be posted till 9.30 p.m.; letters with two extra stamps may be given to the guard on duty in the railway train post office at 10.00 p.m. North mail arrives at 7.40 a.m.; letters delivered at 8.30 a.m.; dispatched at 6.45 p.m.; box closes at 6.30 p.m. and may be posted with an extra stamp till 6.40 p.m. Mail from Coleford arrives at 11 a.m.; dispatched at 12.15 noon, 4.30 p.m., & 9.45 p.m. There is a 2nd arrival of the mail from Coleford at 4.10 a.m. & 3rd arrival at 9.40 p.m.

Post Office, Newerne - John Rowe Smale, receiver. Letters are posted here till 6.45 p.m.

Post Office, Aylburton - William Hancock, receiver. Letters arrive from Lydney at 6.30 a.m.; dispatched at 6.40 p.m.


George Ormerod, esq., Sedbury park

Col. Edward A. Noel, Clannafalls

Robert Castle Jenkins, esq., Beachley lodge

Willian Aeneas Seys, esq., Tutshill lodge

Thomas Allaway, esq., Highbury

Henry James Greenham, esq., Highfield

Charles Bathurst, esq., Lydney park

Clerk - Henry Hooper Fryer, esq.


Insurance Agents:-

Birmington Fire, Frederick Henry Hathaway

Eagle, John R. Smale

Life Association of Scotland, Thomas Smith

Liverpool & London & Globe, G. W. Keeling, Highfield

Lancashire Life & Fire, F. H. Hathaway

National Boiler Insurance Company, James Henderson

Norwich Union Fire, James Henderson

Royal Fire & Life, James Henderson

Whittington Life, J. Davies, Sandford house


Public Establishments:-

Lydney Mechanical Institute, Rev. W. H. Bathurst, patron; G. B. Keeling, esq., president; Mr Chas. Castell, sec.

Stamp Office, Frederick Henry Hathaway, distributor

Harbour Office, Lydney lock, James Pick, harbour master

Inland Revenue Officer, Feathers hotel, William Chambers, division officer

Police Station, Charles Tanner, sergeant

Rifle Volunteer Corps, Capt. T. Allaway, Lieut. J. Wintle, Ensign H. J. Greenham, John Gimblett, esq., assistant surgeon; Rev. B. Philpot, M.A., chaplain

Lydney Church Schools, Mr. Charles Castell, master; Miss Harriet Hussell, mistress; Miss Alice Christopher, infant's mistress.

Assistant Overseer & Collector of Assessed & Land Taxes, Charles Garland.



Severn & Wye Railway & Canal Office, George Baker Keeling, secretary

Railway Station, William Joseph Martin, station master

Mail coach from Coleford arrices at the Feathers Hotel, thence to the railway station every morning (Sundays excepted) at 11, returning at 12 noon to Coleford and again arrives at Lydney at 4 afternoon, thence back to Coleford at 4.18 p.m.



Lydney Carrying Co. Trotter & Davies, between Lydney & Bristol; takes in goods at the former place every Monday and leaves on Tuesday mornings and takes in goods at the latter place on Thursday and leaves for Lydney on Friday morning.

TO COLEFORD - James Dobbs, daily.



ALLAWAY Thomas, esq., J.P., Highbury

BATHURST Charles, esq., J.P., Lydney Park

BATHURST Rev. William Hiley, Lydney pk

CROOME Daniel, jun., esq.

GIMBLETT John, esq., M.D., Prospect place

GOLLOP James, esq., Moorlands

GREENHAM Hy. Jas, esq. J.P., Highfield house

HILL Mr. William Yevily, Moorlands

KEELING George Baker, esq., Severn cot

KEELING George William, esq., Highfield

MORGAN Rev. Henry, curate

PHILPOT Rev. Benjamin, M.A., vicar, Vicarage

PROUDFOOT, Thomas, esq., M.D.

RIDLEY Rev. Morris S., (Baptist)

SULLY Mr. Thomas, Highfield cottage



ALLAWAY Wm., & Sons, iron and tin plate works

BAILEY Thos. Pearce, farmer, Dairy farm

BAILEY William, blacksmith, Newerne

BARNARD John Fisher, Feathers Hotel

BETTINGTON Wm, carpenter and furniture dealer

BIRKS William, True Hart

BRISTOL & FOREST OF DEAN CARRYING CO. LIMITED (David Arr, captain; W. D. Arr, secretary), Lydney basin

CASTLE James, greengrocer, Newerne

CHALK Mary (Mrs.) & Mary (Miss), ladies' boarding school, Althorpe house

CLARK Hy., beer retailer & mason, Newerne

CLIFT John, farmer, Purton farm

COLLINS John, ironmonger, Newerne

COLLINS Thomas, mine agent, Spring cot

CORBETT & CO., coal proprietors

COTTON Richard, baker, draper and grocer

COURTEEN George, malster, Newerne

CRADDOCK James, haulier

CROOME Daniel., jun., solicitor

DAVIES Cornelius, grocer and general dealer, Newerne

DAVIES John, engineer, Cookson terrace

DAVIS Jsph., shopwright, Lydney harbour

DEAN & SON, plumbers, painters, glaziers and paperhangers

EDWARDS John, engineer

EDWARDS Thomas, band master

EDWARDS Thomas, farmer, Gurshill farm

ELLAWAY John, beer retailer, Newerne

FREEMAN George, carpenter

GARLAND Charles, accountant and assistant overseer

Gloucestershire Banking Company (branch of) (Edward Gillman, man.); draw on Union Bank of London

GOLLOP, RIDLER & CO., coal merchants & shoppers

GOODE Henry, grocer, Lydney lock

HARRIS GeorgeJohn, boot & shoe maker

HARRISON Albert William, steward to Rev. W. H. Bathurst, Lydney park

HATHAWAY Thomas & Edward, butchers

HATHAWAY Frederick Henry, chemist & druggist, stationer, stamp distributor, & agent for the Birmingham Fire Office

HENDERSON Matthew, agent for exors. of J. Morrell, coal proprietor

HENDERSON William, mineral agent

HEWLETT Thomas, farmer

HILL William Yevily, draper, grocer & tallow chandler

HOLDER Samuel, malster & hop merchant

HOLFORD James, blacksmith

HOLFORD Thomas, shopkeeper

HOWELL James, Royal Albert, & mason

HOWELLS Jas., plumber, glazier & gasfitter

HUGHES William, fishmonger

JAMES John, ironmonger, Newerne

JONES Richard, shopkeeper, Churchfield

JONES Susanna (Mrs.), beer retailer

JONES Thomas, tailor, Newerne

JORDAN Charles, shoe maker

KEELING George Baker, secretary to the Severn & Wye Railway & Canal Company

KNOWLES Thomas, beer retailer

LEE John, farmer, Warrens

LONG George, farmer, Duffield farm

Lydney Trading & Carrying Co, Malladr William, Swan

MECHANICS INSTITUTE (Rev. W. K. Bathurst, patron; G. B. Keeling, esq. president; Charles Castell, sec.)

MERRICK Samuel, saddle & harness maker

MORGAN Richard, shoe maker & butcher

MORGAN Thomas, beer retailer

MORRELL James, (exors. of), coal proprietor, Norchard & Kidnalls collieries (Matthew Henderson, agent)

NICHOLLS Charles, beer retaile & shopkeeper, Newerne

Park End Coal Co. (James Wood Sully, manager)

PEARCE & ROBINSON, iron foundry

PICK Jas. harbour master, Lydney lock

PINNEGAR Rchd., groc., Queen st., Newerne

POPE Alfred, tailor, Newerne

POWELL James, carpenter

POWELL John, grocer, Albert st. Newerne

POWELL John, grocer

POWELL John, farrier

POWELL John, butcher, Newerne

POWELL Joseph, blacksmith, Newerne

POWELL Joseph, shopkeeper, Newerne

PROTHEROE Richard, beer retailer

PROUDFOOT Thomas, physician

READ William Johnson, custom ho. officer

REMNANT Richard, haulier, Ayland lodge

REYNOLDS George, boot & shoe maker

RIDLER & WEEDON, coal merchants, Lydney basin

RIDLER James, farmer, Soilwell farm

RIDLER John, Railway hotel

ROBERTS Thomas, beer retailer, plumber & glazier, Forest road

SAINSBURY Thomas, farmer, Nass farm

SALLIBANK James, Purton Passage hotel, & ferry, Purton

SANDERS John, farmer, Nass

SANDERS Thomas, farmer, Blackrock farm

SAUNDERS John, shopkeeper, Newerne

SAUNDERS William, Bridge inn, & butcher, Newerne

Severn & Wye Railway Canal Offices (George Baker Keeling, secretary)

SMALE John Rowe, grocer & draper

SMITH Jas., boot & shoe maker, Newerne

SMITH John, chemist, druggist & stationer

SMITH Thomas, accountant

SMITH Wm., shopkeeper & baker, Newerne

SMITH William James, butcher

STEPHENS Jane (Mrs.), shopkeeper & rope maker, Lydney basin

STEPHENS Mary (Mrs.), saddler, Newerne

TAYLOR Joseph, farmer, Holmes farm

TAYLOR Walter, farmer, Wards

TROTTER & DAVIES, general merchants, 6 Cookson terrace

TROTTER Thomas & Co., coal & stone proprietors

WALKER Charles, mason

WATTS Elizabeth (Mrs.), grocer & draper, Newerne

WATKINS William, hair dresser, Newerne

WESTCOTT Henry, accountant

WILLIAMS Fredk. farmer, Allistone court

WILLIAMS John Robert, farmer, Hurst frm

WILLIAMS Mary Rose (Mrs.), cooper, Newerne

WILLIAMS Thomas, farmer, Nass Court farm, Nass House & Clift farm

WINTOUR & PRICE, butchers, Newerne

WINTOUR Richard, farmer

WOOLES George, tiler & plasterer

WOOLES William, beer retailer, tiler & plasterer



BENNETT Rev. Alfred Robt., M.A., curate

DAVIES Mr. John, Sandford cottage

GEM George, esq., Tankerhopes

HANKINS Misses, Alyburton cottage


TROTTER Theophilus, esq

TUCKWELL William John Stevens, esq.



ANSEY Robert, grocer

CORBETT James Fisher, coal master, Prospect house

COWELL Henry, cooper

ENGLISH William, grocer

GARDINER Mary Anne (Miss), bookseller

GARLAND Samuel, farmer, Lodge farm

GARLAND Thomas, farmer, Park farm

GARLAND William, farmer, Cross

GARLAND William, farmer, Tump farm

HANDCOCK Wm., shoe maker & postmaster

HAYCOT James, shoe maker

HOPKINS John, beer retailer

HOWELL Felix, beer retailer

HOWELL Henry, grocer & draper

JONES Henry, boot & shoe maker

LIGG John, beer retailer & shopkeeper

LUCAS Emanuel, farmer, Bream Lodge

PAGE George, farmer

POWELL John, beer retailer & shopkeeper

POWELL William, blacksmith

ROWLAND Robert, beer retailer

TUCKWELL Wm. John Stephens, surgeon

WATKINS William, shopkeeper & butcher

WILLIAMS Philip, miller