Cuff DNA characterized by an 11,13 at
DYS 385a/b and a 14 at DYS 392 (2nd panel 15,16,16,17 at DYS 464) are the distinctive R_M222 markers matching Niall Of
The Nine Hostages, the legendary 5th century High King of Ireland. Niall was also called Niall Naoi-Ghiallach,
from the nine royal hostages held by him from lands and peoples that he had conquered and made tributary: Munster,
Leinster, Connacht, Ulster, Britain, the Picts, the Dal Riada, the Saxons and the Morini (a people of France near
Calais and Piccardy).
He was the son of Eochaid Mugmedn, King of Tara, and Carthan Cais Dubh
(also known as Carinna, the daughter of the Celtic King of Britain). Niall succeeded his uncle Crimthann to become the 126th
High King of Ireland. The Irish Annals of the Four Masters states that Niall began to reign in 379 A.D. He was not only the
paramount king of Ireland, but one of the most powerful to ever hold that office, and was therefore one of the few Irish kings
able to mobilize great forces for foreign expeditions. Niall travelled to Scotland in order to extend his power and to obtain
alliances with the Scots and Picts. He supposedly organized the Dal Riada, which became the name for this conglomeration of
Irish, Scots and Picts. He marched to Laegria and sent a fleet to Armorica (France) to plunder. Keating, in his History of
Ireland, states that St. Patrick was brought as a captive to Ireland in the ninth year in the reign of Niall while Niall was
on a raiding expedition to Scotland and France. An Irish fleet went to the place where Patrick (then age 16 and known as Mewyn
Succat) lived and, as was the custom of Irish raiders, brought a large number of hostages back to Ireland with them, including
Patrick, his two sisters, Lupida and Daererca and approximately 200 other children.
During his long reign, High King Niall pillaged Wales, Scotland, England and France. Irish annalist Keating stated that
Niall having taken many captives returned to Ireland and proceeded to assemble additional forces and sent word to the chief of
the Dal Riada, requesting him to follow with all his host to France. Niall set out on this new adventure with Gabhran, chief of
the Dal Riada, to plunder France. Also with this group was Eochaida (son of Enna Cinsalach, King of Leinster), who had been
banished from Leinster, and who had ambitions to replace Niall as the next High King of Ireland. Niall marched with his victorious
army of Irish, Scots, Picts, and Britons into France, in order to aid the Celtic natives expel the Roman Legions, and to conquer
that portion of the Roman Empire.
Encamped on the River Leor (now called the Lianne) near Boulogne-sur-mer in 405 A.D., as Niall sat by the riverside, he
was assassinated by Eochaida, supposedly in revenge for some wrong done to him by Niall. The spot on the River Lianne where Niall
was murdered is still called the Ford of Niall. Niall had been High King of Ireland for twenty-seven years. He played an important
role in breaking Roman power in Britain and France. Keating states that Wales ceased to be controlled by the central government
from 380-400 due to Niall.