People in North Tawton, Devon, UK
The Budd Family of Physicians


b. 1811 North Tawton, Devon; d. 9 January 1880 Clevedon, Somerset

Published "Typhoid Fever, its Nature, Mode of Spreading, and Prevention" (London, Longmans, Green & Co.) in 1873, based on his several previous publications (1857-1860); the book was dedicated to William BUDD's earlier mentor, Sir T. WATSON, Bart., M.D., F.R.S.

A vivid description of living conditions for a country labourer's family, and the additional misery caused by illness, is followed by a detailed account of daily life in North Tawton, the outbreak of typhoid there in 1839, and its spread.

William was the son of Samuel BUDD, surgeon of North Tawton, and his wife Catherine [WREFORD]. Of nine children, eight were boys; of those I have been able to trace so far most were medical doctors - the ninth, Francis Nonus BUDD, was a barrister - and William mentions the assistance of his brothers during the outbreak. Other researchers cite a paper by Samuel BUDD concerning typhoid, but I have not as yet found this publication, and do not know if it was by Samuel BUDD snr. or jnr.

William's brother George also rose to eminence in the field of medical research (outline of his career in the family tree below).
(Caroline, July 2005)


For the London area (20 Unions & Parishes), William BUDD quotes:

13,972 claims for relief from destitution due to fever attacks
1,281 of which were fatal
5,634 = total number of fever deaths for the metropolis.

Later statistics for fever mortality (England, including typhus) were given as:

5-yr. period pre-1866: >20,000 p.a.
1866: >21,000
1868: c.20,000
1865-1871: >18,000 p.a. on average
1872: 13,507

Deaths from (7 principal) other infectious diseases, 4Q:

1870: 25,907
1871: 26,977
1872: 16,794

The Registrar General's remarks of 1871:

"Although the remarkably low death rate in town districts, last quarter, may be due to the somewhat unusual meteorological conditions which prevailed, [very heavy, cleansing, rain] it may be safe to assume that a portion of the improvement in their health is permanent, and is the result of the general awakening to the importance of sanitary measures which has been so conspicuous in the last few years."

BUDD's portrayal of the living conditions and human misery witnessed:

"There are few things which concern the people of this country more deeply than to know the exact truth touching the mode in which this fatal fever is disseminated amongst them. Every year, on an average - take the United Kingdom through - some fifteen thousand or more of their number perish prematurely by it: a population equal to that of a considerable city every year swept into the grave by a single, and, as I hope to show, a perfectly preventable plague.
As nine or ten recover for every one who dies, one hundred and forty thousand persons, or more, must every year pass through its protracted miseries. The real amount of suffering involved in this is, however, but feebly represented by these bald figures.
No one can know what they really imply who has not had experience of this fever in his own home. The dreary and painful night-watches - the great length of the period over which the anxiety is extended - the long suspense between hope and fear, and the large number of the cases in which hope is disappointed and the worst fear is at last realised, make up a sum of distress that is scarcely to be found in the history of any other acute disorder. Even in the highest class of society, the introduction of this fever into the household is an event that generally long stands prominently out in the record of family afflictions. But if this be true of the mansions of the rich, who have every means of alleviation which wealth can command, how much more true must it be of the cottages of the poor, who have scant provision even for the necessaries of life, and none for its great emergencies! Here, when Fever once enters, WANT soon follows, and CONTAGION is not slow to add its peculiar bitterness to the trial.
As the disease is, by far, most fatal to persons in middle life, the mother or father, or both, are often the first to succumb, and the young survivors being left without support, their home is broken up and their destitution becomes complete.
How often have I seen in past days, in the single narrow chamber of the day labourer's cottage, the father in the coffin, the mother in the sick bed in muttering delirium, and nothing to relieve the desolation of the children but the devotion of some poor neighbour who in too many cases paid the penalty of her kindness in becoming, herself, the victim of the same disorder!"

William BUDD's attitude as an observer:

"In its ordinary course, human life has few such consummations of misery as this.
It is impossible to contemplate events such as these, merely as objects of science. It is, indeed, a fundamental axiom in scientific investigation that our emotions should be rigidly excluded from it. But, although, by the nature of things they cannot help in the solution of a problem, they may, at least, be suffered to give a spur to inquiry. Where the interests concerned are the sacred interests of life and death, this is their proper function, and that in a degree of which none of the common alternatives that hang upon human duty can give any adequate measure. It were well with us all if they were more often allowed to have their true weight with the conscience.
Having been by accident thrown much in the way of this fever, I have long felt that it is impossible to bear a part in the calamities of which it is the source, without becoming possessed with a burning desire to devote the best powers of the mind to the discovery of means by which such calamities may be prevented.
From the fact, already referred to, of its being so much more deadly to grown-up persons, this disease has a relation to pauperism which is almost peculiar to itself."

Other and earlier medical practitioners' theories were in conflict with William BUDD's, and rejected the idea of contagion (chiefly propagated by the typhoid excreta), e.g.:

‘an illusive hypothesis’
Manual on the Practice of Medicine; Dr. Tanner; 6th edition
‘Observed facts and the few experiments which have been made tend, however, to disprove these views.’ [of the contagion of typhoid]
‘Much doubt prevails whether enteric (typhoid) fever be infectious or not, and the question really turns upon the existence of a distinct, specific poison. Positive proof that it may be conveyed from one person to another is wanting, and certainly the majority of people affected with the disease derive it, upon the clearest evidence, from one and the same source. Those in attendance upon persons suffering from enteric fever do sometimes fall ill of the disease, but the source of the disease may be present in any house.’
Physician's Vade Mecum; Hooper; editors: Drs. Guy & Harley

As part of his discussion of the causes of such attitudes, William BUDD relates the following:

"It is obvious that the formation of just opinions on the question how diseases spread may depend less on personal ability than on the opportunities for its determination which may fall to the lot of the observer. ... rural districts, where the population is thin, and the lines of intercourse are few and always easily traced, offer opportunities ... which are not to be met with in the crowded haunts of large towns.
This is one of the cases, in which medical men practising in the country have ... advantages which are denied to their metropolitan brethren, ....
In the early part of my professional life, while engaged in country practice in Devonshire, outbreaks of typhoid fever continually fell under my eye, amid conditions singularly favourable to the study of its origin ...."

North Tawton

"Of these outbreaks the most memorable occurred in the village of North Tawton, where I then lived.
Having been born and brought up in the village, I was personally acquainted with every inhabitant of it; and being, as a medical practitioner, in almost exclusive possession of the field, nearly every one who fell ill, not only in the village itself, but over a large area around it, came immediately under my care.
... At the date of the outbreak in question, the people of the place numbered some eleven or twelve hundred souls.
Of these, a small minority, consisting chiefly of women and children, worked in a serge factory. The rest were employed in agricultural pursuits.
The spot on which this community dwelt is richly endowed with all the natural conditions of health. Built on a dry soil, in the midst of an open and well drained country, and occupying the side of a hill sloping gently to the north-west, this village had long been justly noted in that part of Devon for the rare healthiness of its site.
... it had for many years enjoyed an almost entire immunity from the fever to which it was so soon to pay so large a tribute.
... there were in the economy of the place, and in the habits of the people, many things which, according to modem views, are hard to reconcile with such a fact. In the first place, there was no general system of sewers. A few houses, occupied by the more opulent, were provided with covered drains, but all these might be counted on the fingers.
In the cottages of the men who earned their bread with their hands, and who formed the great bulk of the inhabitants, there was nothing to separate from the open air the offensive matters which collect around human habitations. Each cottage, or group of three or four cottages, had its common privy, to which a simple excavation in the ground served as cesspool. Besides this, it was a part of the economy of all who worked in the fields ... to keep a pig, one of whose functions was to furnish manure for the little plot of potatoes which fed man and pig alike. Thus, often, hard by the cottage door there was not only an open privy, but a dungheap also.
Nevertheless, these conditions existed for many years without leading to any of the results which it is the fashion to ascribe to them. Much there was ... offensive to the nose, but fever there was none. It could not be said that the atmospheric conditions necessary to fever were wanting, because while this village remained exempt, many neighbouring villages suffered severely from the pest. It could not be said that there were no subjects, for these, as the sequel proved, but too much abounded.
Meanwhile privies, pigstyes and dungheaps continued, year after year, to exhale ill odours, without any specific effect on the public health.
Many generations of swine innocently yielded up their lives, but no fever of this or any other sort could be laid to their charge. I ascertained by an inquiry conducted with the most scrupulous care that for fifteen years there had been no severe outbreak of the disorder, and that for nearly ten there had been but a single case.
For the development of this fever a more specific element was needed than either the swine, the dungheaps, or the privies were, in the common course of things, able to furnish.
In the course of time ... this element was added, and it was then found that the conditions which had been without power to generate fever, had but too great power in promoting its spread when once the germ of fever had been introduced."


"On the 11th July 1839, a first case of typhoid fever occurred in a poor and crowded dwelling. Before the beginning of November, in the same year, more than eighty of the inhabitants had suffered from it under my care.
I kept an accurate record of all the principal events which marked this terrible outbreak; and it is to certain of these events, in their bearing on the mode in which this fatal disorder spreads, that I now wish to draw attention."

In Chapter II, BUDD describes in detail the progress of the 1839 fever.

"... after the disorder had become rife in North Tawton [it showed a] strong tendency, when ... introduced into a family, to spread through the household.
... in the family of Ann N__, a young woman who was taken ill in the second week in July, ... the first case, the mother, a brother, and a sister .. were one after another laid up with the same fever; the father, who had already had the disease in former years, and the young infant, being the only inmates spared.
In another house, four out of six persons [died]; in another three, and so on. ... before the disease finally died away, there were few houses in which, having once appeared, it did not further extend itself to one or more members of the family.
This ... was, in itself, sufficient to lead to a strong presumption of the contagious nature of the disorder.
But while these events were occurring in the village itself, there were others happening at a distance, which converted this presumption into a certainty.
During the prevalence of the fever in North Tawton, ... three persons left the place after they had become infected. ... all three communicated the disease to one or more of the persons by whom they were surrounded in the new neighbourhood in which they fell ill.
Two of these three persons were sawyers by trade, who had hired themselves for a few weeks to a timber merchant living in the village. While these men remained in North Tawton, they lodged in a court with a single and a common privy, and next door to a house in which the fever was. In the course of time both these men sickened ... and on the ... first decided symptoms, both returned to their own homes, in the parish of Morchard, about seven miles off.
The first was a married man, with two children. He left North Tawton on August 9, being already too ill to work. Two days after reaching Morchard he took to his bed, and at the end of five weeks he died.
Ten days after his death his two children were laid up with the same fever, and had it severely; the widow escaped.
The other sawyer was a single man and an aged couple who lived with him were the only other inmates of the house.
Like his comrade, he was driven from North Tawton by indisposition, which rendered him unable to follow his employment, and cut off his means of support. He began to droop on July 26, but did not leave for Morchard until August 2. On the 3rd he finally took to his bed. His attack was severe, but, after a long struggle, he recovered.
When this man was at his worst, a friend ... was called upon to assist in raising him in bed. While thus employed, the friend was quite overpowered by the smell from the sick man's body. He felt very unwell from that time .... On the tenth day from ... this event, he was seized with a violent shiver, which was immediately followed by an attack of typhoid fever of long duration.
Before he became convalescent, two of his children got the same fever, as well as a brother, who lived at some distance, but who had repeatedly visited him during his illness.
The houses occupied by these four men lay some way apart, and, [except under] their roofs, there was no fever at the time in that part of the country.
Was this series of events ... the result of chance or the work of contagion?
If any rational person should entertain doubts as to the true answer ..., the history of the next case may ... resolve them.
The subject who was the means of propagating the disorder ... was a widow named Lee, residing in North Tawton. She began to droop on August 20. On the following day, not knowing what was impending, she went to visit her brother, a farmer who occupied a large farm in the hamlet of Chaffcombe, about seven miles off.
On the 23rd she was laid up. On the 24th I was sent for ... and found her in bed in the first stage of fever. In ... her case, which ... was very prolonged, she exhibited ... all the most characteristic marks of the disorder.
(... nose-bleeding, spontaneous and obstinate diarrhoea, tympanitis, dry tongue, low delirium, and other typhoid symptoms, together with - towards the end of the second week - the now well-known eruption of rose-coloured spots.)
After ... several weeks under my care at Chaffcombe, she slowly recovered.
... the fever had become ... so rife at North Tawton, that, while I was attending Mrs. Lee, I had ... seventeen persons under my care in the village ....
A few days after she had become convalescent, her sister-in-law (Mrs. Snell), who had nursed her, fell ill of the same fever. Her case was very severe, and, after a protracted struggle, terminated fatally on November 4.
The husband (Mr. Snell), who had spent the chief part of his time in his wife's sick room, and had sat up many nights by her, in great anxiety and distress, was the next sufferer. He begin to droop in the last week of October, but was not finally laid up until the day of his wife's death. After having lain for some time in a very precarious state, he recovered.
... three weeks ... from the date of the seizure - one of the farm apprentices was attacked in the same way.
Then followed a lad employed as day labourer on the farm; and then Miss S__, who had come to take charge of the house after the death of Mrs. Snell.
Next in order came another apprentice; and again, as a last group, a servant man, a servant girl, and another young person (a daughter of Mrs. Lee), who, until she was laid up, had acted the part of nurse.
As far as external conditions went, the sanitary state of the homestead which had become the seat of this terrible scourge differed in nothing from what it had been for many years before, during which the household had continued to enjoy perfect health.
The only new incident in its history was the arrival of Mrs. Lee from the infected village, seven miles off, with the fever upon her.
... many other such homesteads lay near to this one, ... far worse off in respect of these same conditions, but in which no fever of this or any other kind existed.
There was no single case ... within miles of the place, or nearer than North Tawton, whence the taint had been imported.
The outbreak ... did not ... end here.
In order to lighten the burden of so heavy a sick list, the servant girl ... was sent to her own home (a small cottage in the hamlet of Loosebeare, about four miles away) as soon as the first symptoms of illness appeared. Here she lay ill for several weeks under my care.
Before she had recovered, her father, a farm labourer of the name of Gibbings, was likewise seized, and narrowly escaped with life.
A farmer, named Kelland, who lived across the road, and who visited this man several times during his illness, was the next to take the disorder.
His case was, in turn, followed by others under the same roof; and the fever, spreading from this to other houses, became the focus of a little epidemic, which gradually extended to the whole hamlet.
Scattered over the country side there were some twenty or thirty other hamlets ... which in all things were the precise counterparts of this. Two or three farmyards and a few labourers' cottages clustered round them, made up ... each ... little community. In each .. were the usual manure-yard and the inevitable pigsty; ... the same primitive accommodation for human needs. The same sun shone upon all alike, through month after month of the same fine, dry, autumnal weather. From the soil of all, human and other exuviae exhaled into the air the same putrescent compounds, in about equal abundance. In some ... these compounds ... were much more rife.
And yet, while at Loosebeare a large proportion of the inhabitants were lying prostrate with fever, in not one of the twenty or thirty exactly similar places was there a single case.
To explain a contrast so signal there was but one fact to appeal to - the arrival from Chaffcombe, where the fever was already raging, of Mary Gibbings with the disease actually upon her. Before that event, in spite of manure heaps, pig-styes, and the like, Loosebeare, too, was free from the malady.
The diseased intestine of the infected girl had continued to deposit its morbid excreta upon the soil for a fortnight or more before the fever began to spread, and the first cases that succeeded to hers sprang up immediately around her person.
The Chaffcombe tragedy ... had yet another episode. One of the boys already mentioned ... was the means of widely disseminating the fever in quite another direction. This boy, who was employed as day labourer on the farm, lived, when at home, in one of a pair of cottages standing by the roadside, about midway between Bow and North Tawton. The cottage in question was occupied by the boy's mother; the cottage next door by the husband and family of one of her married daughters.
Of the ten persons who, one after another, contracted fever at Chaffcombe, this boy, Oliver Lang, was the fifth in order of attack. Like Gibbings, he was sent home to his friends as soon as he fell ill; and he took to his bed in the last week of December. I attended him for a long time at his mother's house, and his case was very severe.
Before he had become fully convalescent, his mother, who had nursed him, sickened; and while she yet lay ill, his sister took the fever. In the last-named subject the course of the disease was unusually rapid, terminating fatally as early as the ninth day. On January 24 she had a severe shiver, on the 26th she was unable to leave her bed and on February 2 she died.
The next to be attacked were two children of the family next door, every member of which ended by being laid up with the disorder.
Another married daughter (a sister of Oliver Lang), who had come from a distance to take care of her sick relatives, being at length infected, became, on her return home, the means of propagating the fever in yet another quarter.
It is only important to add that, with one exception, all the cases included in the last narrative were either under my own care, or under that of one of my brothers, who was associated with me in their treatment, and that I kept, as I have already stated, an accurate record of them at the time of their occurrence, with the express view of illustrating the mode of propagation of this particular species of fever."

William BUDD's publication continues with other examples of the spread of the fever, and the conclusions he drew.

The complete text may be read here:


In Bristol, 1866, William BUDD demonstrated that limiting the contamination of a town's water supply could stop a cholera epidemic (from '')

John SNOW was a contemporary of William BUDD; read about his detective work and determination of the causes of cholera (also water-borne); the Broad Street pump outbreak; maps of London in 1827, 1859 & 1889; London water in 1856.

The site relates that William BUDD had stated - in an 1849 pamphlet - his belief that cholera was water-borne; this hypothesis, also arrived at by SNOW, was demonstrated true by the latter's careful observation and experiment based on his conviction. SNOW's work was acknowledged almost immediately after his death. BUDD's biography was not published until 1936*.

Superb university website offering items for all levels of interest:
John Snow

* William Budd by E. W. Goodall, M.D., published by Arrowsmith (February 2006, a copy available at Bristol City Central Library, UK.)

Diphtheria - Devonshire Lore, 1882-25

"William RICH, a farmer at Town, in Broadwood, was very ill in the summer of 1882, with a complication of disorders, the chief of which was diptheria. Dr. BUDD, of North Tawton, was called in to consult with Dr. THOMPSON, of Launceston. Both gave him up. Then his wife's relations sent for a posthumous child to be brought and breathe into his mouth. This was done several times in the week, and the man recovered completely."

From "Further Reminiscences 1864 to 1894" by Sabine Baring-Gould, 2003, Kessinger Publishing, ISBN 0766173100 (page 127)

'Devonshire Colic'

Lead was used in cider presses but at the outset its connection with the colic it produced was not understood, then rejected (partly for economic reasons); it became known as Devonshire colic. As the use of lead was phased out in the 19th century, so the colic disappeared. In 1885 Frederick WILLCOCKS, speaking at a meeting of the Devonshire Association, recalled Dr. Christian BUDD (of North Tawton):

"in the early part of his career some forty years ago ... occasionally saw cases of lead colic produced by drinking cider made in a lead press."

Such presses had since entirely disappeared and Dr Budd had:

"... not for many years seen any case of lead poisoning produced by cider. ... believes that there is no more wholesome drink than pure cider ..."

The Budd Family Tree
(fifth draft - October 2009)

Mentions of the BUDD family members in archive catalogues (A2A, South-west England):
Samuel BUDD, gent. of North Tawton
grandson & devisee of:
- Revd. Richard BUDD, clerk of St. Columb Minor, deceased
Sam. BUDD snr., surgeon of North Tawton
his wife Cath.
1867: August
Cath. BUDD, widow of North Tawton
Jn. Wreford BUDD
Christian BUDD M.D., of North Tawton

A Catherine WREFORD was Chr. 28 September 1779 Nymet Tracey, Devon
(Father: John WREFORD, Mother: Betty)
1850: W. WHite's History, Gazetteer & Directory of Devon
- John WREFORD esq., Nicholls Nymet

Samuel BUDD b. c.1775/6 North Tawton, Devon, surgeon; [d. September 1841]
m. C[K]atherine WREFORD 3 February 1801 Nymet Tracey, Devon
From GENUKI: 1802/3 Census
S. BUDD (Surgeon)
C. BUDD (9 mths old)
1851: Catherine BUDD 'b. Bow, Devon; Landed' was living with son Christian
2. Catherine Wreford BUDD Chr. 10 August 1802 North Tawton, Devon [?d. pre-3Q 1837?]
m. John PHEAR 22 June 1824 North Tawton, Devon
1817: John PHEAR received curate's licence, North Tawton Parish, Devon
1836-___ Jn. PHEAR of Earl Stoneham in Suffolk, clerk M.A. [Rector 1824-1881]; re. estate Zeal Monachorum
(Devon Record Office)
1833: Rev. John PHEAR, clerk of Earl Stonham
November 1844: John PHEAR + 2 others, trustees of Lady Catherine Gardemau Charity, admitted to Chalford Meadow, & Pond Meadow (near Vicarage Bridge), Coddenham; in trust for teaching of poor children
January 1868: John PHEAR, Rector of Earl Stonham, Suffolk, licenced to absent himself from benefice due to ill-health
(Suffolk - Ipswich - Record Office)
3. John Budd PHEAR Chr. 9 February 1825 Earl Stonham, Suffolk (1881: Knight, J.P.)
m. Emily [--]; b. c.1835 Stockwell, Surrey
1881: lvg. Marpool, Withycombe Rawleigh, Devon
1860: John Budd PHEAR candidate for Downing Professorship of Laws at Cambridge University
(Lambeth Palace Library)
1888: letters from Emily & John Budd PHEAR on C. of E. business
(Devon Records Office)
Wording of memorial from Sir J. B. PHEAR, 30 December 1905
(British Library, Oriental & India Office Collections)
4. (?)
4. Ethel Kamini PHEAR b. c.1867 Calcutta, East Indies
4. Winifried Mary PHEAR b. c.1871 Calcutta, East Indies
4. Gilbert Ashleigh PHEAR b. c.1877 St. Leonards On Sea
Sir John Budd PHEAR (1825-1890)
Judge in India and author, b. Earl Stonham, Suffolk, 9 February 1825, eldest of 3 sons of John PHEAR, 13th wrangler at Cambridge in 1815, fellow and tutor of Pembroke College, Cambridge, and rector of Earl Stonham 1824-1881, by his wife Catherine Wreford, only daughter of Samuel BUDD, medical practitioner, of North Tawton, Devon.
(Dictionary of National Biography)
3. Henry Carlyon PHEAR Chr. 22 June 1826 Earl Stonham, Suffolk
1849: 2nd Wrangler, 1st Smith's prizeman
Fellow of Caius College, Cambridge; Chancery barrister "of some eminence"
(Dictionary of National Biography)
d. 1Q 1880 age 53 (Croydon 2a/172)
Opinion given by Henry C. PHEAR, Lincolns Inn (19 February 1879)
held at Shakespeare Birthplace Trust Records Office
m. Mary Branford DANIEL 4Q 1856 (Stow 4a/1083)
(b. c.1851 Caistow, Norfolk) (1881: Income Derived From Dividends)
1881: lvg. Llyswen, Tavistock Rd., Croydon, Surrey
4. Henry H. PHEAR b. c.1858 Croydon, Surrey (1881: Solicitors Articled Clerk, B.A.)
4. Alice M. PHEAR b. c.1859 Croydon, Surrey
4. Margaret PHEAR b. c.1860 Croydon, Surrey
4. Helen A. PHEAR b. c.1862 Croydon, Surrey
4. [?Arthur PHEAR b. c.1866 Croydon, Surrey?]
4. Edith G. PHEAR b. c.1869 Croydon, Surrey
1881: Boarder at Hindhead Road, Godalming, Surrey
Arthur PHEAR (Boarder) age 14 b. Croydon, Surrey (Scholar)
with Benjamin BUISSON age 34 b. France
(M.A. Paris, Assistant School Master At Charterhouse)
& family, other scholars
lvg. Witley, Surrey
- Alice PHEAR age 41 b. Croydon, Surrey (Living On Own Mean)
- Edith PHEAR age 31 b. Croydon, Surrey (Living On Own Mean)
- Arthur [G.] PHEAR age 34 b. Croydon, Surrey (Physician)
- Ellen PHEAR age 33 b. ___, Essex ...
lvg. Bacton Entire, Norfolk
- Alice PHEAR age 39 b. Croydon, Surrey (Living On Own Means)
- Howard PHEAR age 8 b. South Africa
- Mary PHEAR age 6 b. South Africa
- Norman PHEAR age 2 b. South Africa
studying Eastbourne, East Sussex
- Henry PHEAR age 11 b. Kimberley, South Africa (Pupil)
3. Samuel George PHEAR b. c.1828/9 East Stonham, Suffolk
1852: 4th Wrangler and Fellow
Rev. Samuel George PHEAR, master of Emmanuel College, Cambridge
December 1876 - October 1881___ Trustee of Edward Storey's Charity, Cambridge
became Vice-chancellor of Emanuel College
(1881: D.D., Master Emmanuel Col. Cam., S/Master; unmarried, lvg. with brother John)
1901: lvg. Cambridge
- Samuel PHEAR age 72 b. Earl Stonham, Suffolk (Clergyman C. Of E.) [d. 1918?]
- Helen PHEAR age 38 b. Croydon, Surrey
Pharmacopoeia of Royal Hospital for Diseases of Chest inscribed:
"A. G. Phear, 47 Weymouth St. W. May 1902"
(London Metropolitan Archives)
2. John Wreford BUDD Chr. 31 December 1804 Plymouth, Devon; d. 1873 (see below)
(1851: Physician, Late Fellow Of Pembroke Cole., Cambridge)
m. Jane Saint John SUTTON January 1836 (see below) Mylor, Cornwall (service by Rev. John PUNNETT); b. c.1812 Flushing, Cornwall
1851: lvg. Princess Square, Plymouth St Andrew, Devonshire
3. John Wreford BUDD b. c.1838 Plymouth, Devon
m. Lucy (see below)
3. Robert Sutton BUDD b. c.1840 Plymouth, Devon
3. Samuel Punnett BUDD b. c.1843 Plymouth, Devon
3. Jane St. John BUDD b. c.1846 Plymouth, Devon
m. William Henry TUCK 29 May 1866 Plymouth, Devon
Rev. John PUNNETT, vicar of St. Erth, Cornwall
m. Margaret SUTTON (Jane’s sister) 1834 Mylor, Cornwall
(Updates for this family: PUNNETT researcher Peter &
Memorials to Serve for a History of the Parish of St. Mary, Rotherhithe by E. J. Beck, 1907 - pg. 169
"The Reverend John PUNNETT, whose father was a Rotherhithe ship-builder, was for many years Vicar of St Erth, near Hayle, in the county of Cornwall."
Any PUNNETT researchers please leave a message in the Guestbook or email me - Caroline - link to PUNNETT site coming soon.
The National Archives
Conveyance in trust to bar estate tail: 317 M/T 69 26 Dec. 1835; 1836; (1836 - 1869)
1. Sam. BUDD sen. of North Tawton surgeon and wife Cath.
2. Jn. Wreford BUDD of Plymouth Dr. of Medicine eldest son of 1
3. Sam. BUDD jun. of Exeter Dr. of Medicine 2nd son of 1
4. Jn. PHEAR of Earl Stoneham in Suffolk, clerk M.A.
Premises: Higher Bourston, Higher Burrows, Limeraise, Pitt and Traceys, Reeve Lane, Arscotts, Oxendowns and Maidenhays
Endorsed: Note of enrollment in Chancery
Memo of marriage settlement of Jn. Wreford and Jane Saint John SUTTON 9 Jan 1836, which was mortgaged first to Thos. FRENCH and then in 1869 to the London Assurance Co.
Draft copy marriage settlement 317 M/T 72 9 Jan. 1836
1. Jn. Wreford BUDD
2. Jane St. John SUTTON of Flushing, Cornwall, spinster
3. Sam. BUDD jun. brother of 1, and Jn. PLUMMETT [PUNNETT: see above] of St. Erth in Cornwall brother-in-law of 2
Premises: Higher Bourstone, Higher Burrows, Limeraise, Pitt and Traceys in Zeal Monachorum
[The archive contains many more references to the BUDD and WREFORD families]
The Gentleman's Magazine, vol. 221
May 29, 1866
At Plymouth, William Henry TUCK, M.A., eldest son of the Rev. William Gilbert TUCK, M.A., of Tostock House, Suffolk, to Jane St. John, only dau. of John Wreford BUDD, M.D., of Plymouth."
1844: Pigot & Co.'s Directory ___, Devon, ___
- John Wreford BUDD, physician, 4 Princess square, Plymouth
1850: W. WHite's History, Gazetteer & Directory of Devon
- J. W. BUDD, physician, 4 Princess square
1859: West of England & Trewman's Pocket Journal
- J. W. BUDD, physician, 4 princess-square
"Photograph of John Wreford Budd, Pembroke College, aged about 60"
Devonshire Characters and Strange Events by Sabine Baring-Gould - pg. 756
"Doctor John Wreford BUDD ... practised in Plymouth. He was a man of rough manners, blunt and to the point in all he said."
The British Medical Journal, March 22, 1873
BUDD, John Wreford, M.D., late Fellow of Pembroke College Cambridge, George Street, Devonport, on March 11th, aged 69.
A John W. BUDD
m. Lucy I. SKINNER 3Q 1866 (W. London 1c/110)
Was this John Wreford BUDD?
lvg. 8 Gloucester Cres., London, Middlesex (+ 5 servants)
- John BUDD age 42 b. Devon (Solicitor)
   + Lucy J. BUDD (Wife) age 37 b. Camb., Cambridge
       Ethel BUDD age 9 b. Padd., Middlesex (Scholar)
       Mabel C. BUDD age 8 b. Padd., Middlesex (Scholar)
       Constance D. BUDD age 5 b. Padd., Middlesex (Scholar)
lvg. 8 Gay Street, Walcot, Somerset (+ 3 servants)
- Samuel P. BUDD age 37 b. Plymouth (Surgeon)
Jane St. John BUDD (Mother, Widow) age 68 b. Flushing, Cornwall (Fundholder)
lvg. Salhouse Hall, Salhouse, Norfolk (+ 4 servants)
George H. TUCK, Head age 37 b. Norwich, Norfolk (Barrister At Law Not In Practice)
Agnes Marg. TUCK, Wife age 35 b. London, London, Middlesex
       Agnes E. Lissette TUCK, Daur, age 9 b. London, London, Middlesex
William H. TUCK, Visitor age 40 b. Wolton, Norfolk (M A Of Cambridge)
- Jane St. John TUCK, Visitor age 34 b. Plymouth, Devon
Samuel Punnett BUDD d. 3Q 1899 age 55 (Bath 5c/369)
lvg. Kensington, London
- John BUDD age 62 b. Plymouth, Devon (Solicitor)
lvg. Sidmouth, Devon
     Lucy BUDD age 55 b. Cambridge
       Mabel BUDD age 28 b. London
       Constance BUDD age 25 b. London
       Sanderson BUDD age 40 b. Devon, Plymouth (Living On Own Means)
       Mira BUDD age 34 b. London
2. Samuel BUDD Chr. 17 September 1805 Exeter, Devon (1851: M.D. In Practice)
(1881: age 75, M.D.Eden. M.R.C.P.S., Physician & Magistrate); [?d. 2Q 1885 age 78 (Exeter 5b/74)?]
m. Cordelia G. [--] c.1844; b. c.1824 India; d. 2Q 1886 age 62 (Fulham 1a/165)
1851: lvg. 21 Southernhay, Exeter St David, Devonshire (1881: No. 20)
3. Samuel BUDD b. c.1844/5 Exeter, Devon
3. Catherine BUDD b. c.1845/6 Exeter, Devon (1881: unmarried, lvg. with parents)
3. William BUDD b. c.August 1849 Exeter, Devon
3. [?]
3. [George BUDD b. c.1857 Exeter, Devon]
1844: Pigot & Co.'s Directory ___, Devon, ___
- Samuel BUDD, physician, 21 Southernhay street
1850: Exeter Journal & Almanac
- Samuel BUDD M.D., physician, 21 Southernhay-place
1859: West of England & Trewman's Pocket Journal
- Dr. BUDD, magistrate, Exeter
- Dr. Samuel BUDD, physician, 20 southernhay-place
1881: lvg. 3 Danes Inn, London, Middlesex (+ 1 servant)
- Samuel BUDD age 36 b. Exeter, Devon (Solicitor)
- George BUDD (Brother, U) age 23 b. Exeter, Devon (Medical Student)
1891: 20 Southernhay W., Exeter, Devon
C+E.Parish: St David-EnD.1-Fo.4-Pg.1-Sch.3)
3. William Alex. BUDD age 41 b. Exeter, Devon (Physician, Notem)
m. Mary Catherine [--] age 36 b. Barnstaple, Devon
4. William Geo. BUDD age 13 b. Exeter, Devon (Scholar)
4. Arthur BUDD age 11 b. Exeter, Devon (Scholar)
4. Katherine Rose BUDD age 9 b. Exeter, Devon (Scholar)
4. Margaret BUDD age 5 b. Exeter, Devon (Scholar)
3. Catherine Cordelia BUDD (Sister) age 42 b. Exeter, Devon (Living On Own Means)
Alice DUNN age 23 b. Broadclyst, Devon (Servant, Em'ee)
Mary JONES age 23 b. Dowland, Devon (Servant, Em'ee)
Anne Elizabeth HOARE age 25 b. Bideford, Devon (Servant, Em'ee)
lvg. Ealing, Middlesex
- Samuel BUDD age 56 b. Exeter, Devon (Principal Clerk In Solicitors Dept. Of H.M.P.O.)
lvg. Gidleigh, Devon
- William BUDD age 51 b. Exeter, Devon (Physician)
- Mary BUDD age 46 b. Barnstaple, Devon
- Katherine BUDD age 19 b. Exeter, Devon
- Margaret BUDD age 15 b. Exeter, Devon
1881: lvg. with Richard, Cordelia & Catherine:
- W. M. FORBES (Nephew, U) b. c.1858 Island Of Cuba (Solicitors Articled Clerk)
2. George BUDD b. February 1808, North Tawton, Devon
- 1831: graduated 3rd Wrangler Caius College, Cambridge; became a fellow
- travelled to Paris, studied medicine & pathology
- returned to London; became student at Middlesex Hospital
- appointed physician of 'Dreadnaught' hospital ship
- 1840: M.D. Cambridge conferred
- 1840: (teaching) professor of medicine, King’s College, London, + Hospital
- 1857: published "On Diseases of the Liver"
- 1863: resigned from professorship at King's; devoted himself to private practice
- 1867: developed glycosuria, ceased practice; toured Europe, summered in Italy
- became country gentleman (hunting, gardening)
- 1880: elected honorary fellow, Caius College, Cambridge
- 1881: Physician not practising
m. Louisa Matilda [--]; b. c.1820 France (British Subject)
1881: lvg. Ashleigh House, Barnstaple, Devon
- George BUDD F.R.C.P. d. 14 March 1882 age 74 Ashleigh by Barnstaple, Devon (5b/331)
- Louisa BUDD d. 2Q 1883 age 62 (Barnstaple 5b/315)
2. Richard BUDD Chr. 19 October 1809 Tawton, Devon
(1851: M.D. Edinburgh University, Practising as Physician)
(1881: Widower; Physician M.D.Edin, London T[F].R.C.P.)
(1891: M.D., F.R.G[C].P., physician, & Barnstaple J.P.; + 4 servants)
- d. 1Q 1896 age 86 (Barnstaple 5b/313)
m. Margaret RIDER c.1833 Barnstaple, Devon (1851: not at home)
1844: Pigot & Co.'s Directory ___, Devon, ___
- John BUDD esq., Willesley
- Robert BUDD esq., 7 Ebberly place
- Richard BUDD, physician, 5 Litchdon street
1850: W. WHite's History, Gazetteer & Directory of Devon
- Robert BUDD, Borough Magistrate & Alderman [surgeon, see 1851 below]
- Richd. BUDD physician, Boutport street
"Holy Trinity Church, at the Barbican, was ... commenced in 1843, but the tower ... not completed till 1847. ... The font was given by Dr. BUDD."
"The North Devon Infirmary, at the entrance to the town from Newport, is a neat building, of which the centre was erected in 1824, when the first stone was laid by the late Earl Fortescue, the projector and principal contributor. The wings of the building were added afterwards, and the nterior is now spacious and admirably adapted for the benevolent purposes to which it is appropriated. It is supported by subscriptions and donations. Earl Fortescue is patron; Drs. Britton and BUDD, physicians; Messrs. Curry and Law, surgeons; Mr. Morgan, house surgeon; and Mrs. Harbour, matron."
1859: West of England & Trewman's Pocket Journal
- R. BUDD esq., Ebberley-place, Barnstaple (Magistrate of the County of Devon, for Braunton)
- Robert BUDD, Justice (J.P.), Alderman (south ward) for Barnstaple
- Dr. Richard BUDD, physician, Boutport-street, Barnstaple
1851/1881: lvg. Boutport Street, Barnstaple, Devonshire
3. Margaret Rider BUDD b. c.1842 Barnstaple, Devon (1881: with father)
m. [2Q 1862 (Barnstaple 5b/825)] [--] MANDERSON
3. Harriett Elizabeth Rider BUDD b. 4Q 1844 Barnstaple, Devon
3. Catherine Rider BUDD b. 3Q 1846 Barnstaple, Devon
3. Mary Rider BUDD (1Q 1848 female BUDD b.) Barnstaple, Devon (1881: invisible?)
m. Joseph Hicks GIBBS 2Q 1867 Barnstaple (5b/803)
1881: lvg. with Richard:
- Joseph Hucks GIBB (Son-in-law) b. c.1840 Wraxall, Somerset (Merchant)
4. Leonard Albert GIBBS (Grand Son) b. c.1875 London, Middlesex
4. Reginald Stanley Ridor HANCOCK (Grandson) b. c.1868 Hong Kong, China
4. Gertrude Turnwyre Budd HANCOCK (Grand Daur) b. c.1871 Hong Kong, China
4. Beatrice Margaret Ridor HANCOCK (Grand Daur) b. c.1872 Hong Kong, China
4. Richard Budd HANCOCK (Grand Son) b. c.1877 Hong Kong, China
4. Harry Cyril HANCOCK (Grand Son) b. c.1878 Hong Kong, China
1901: lvg. Barnstaple, Devon
- Thomas MANDERSON age 61 b. Ham Common, Devon (Retired Cornal[Corporal?] R. Engineers)
- Margaret MANDERSON age 58 b. Barnstaple, Devon
- John MANDERSON age 30 b. ___, India
2. William BUDD b. 1811 North Tawton; d. 1880 [Bristol]
1844: Pigot & Co.'s Directory ___, Devon, ___
- William BUDD, physician, 22 Park street, Bristol
m. Caroline Mary HILTON 2Q 1847 (Bath 11/15)
3. [Mary Ann BUDD b. 3Q 1847 (Bath 11/14)]
3. [Alice Maud BUDD b. 2Q 1848 (Bath 11/47)]
3. Mary Georgiana BUDD b. c.1850 Bristol St Agustines, Gloucestershire
3. Arthur James BUDD b. c.1854 Bristol St Agustines, Gloucestershire
    (Studied: 1st for the Bar; 2nd medicine at St. Bartholomew's, London)
3. George Turnavine BUDD b. c.1856 Bristol St Agustines, Gloucestershire; d. 1889
    (Studied medicine at Edinburgh)
3. Caroline Ethel BUDD b. c.1858 Bristol St Agustines, Gloucestershire
3. Frances Ellen BUDD b. c.1859 Clifton, Gloucestershire
3. Maria Teresa BUDD b. c.1860 Clifton, Gloucestershire
1861/1871: lvg. Clifton, Gloucestershire
"... the epidemiologist William BUDD ... has been proposed as a model for Lydgate in 'Middlemarch' and was an important figure in Victorian sanitary reform, a pioneer who recognised that typhus and typhoid were distinct, how cholera and typhoid were transmitted ..."
"Alice Maud BUDD may have been 'Mocking Bird' of the Gosling Society"
See Charlotte Yonge's essay society
1881: lvg. 32 Charlesville Rd., London, Middlesex
C. M. BUDD Head (Widow) age 53 b. Kent (No Profession) [Caroline Mary [HILTON]]
- M. G. BUDD Daughter (U) age 31 b. Bristol (No Profession)
- A. M. BUDD Daughter (U) age 30 b. Bristol (No Profession) [Alice Maud?]
- A. BUDD Son (U) age 27 b. Bristol (Solicitor)
    - A. W. HOUSE Grandson age 7 b. Bristol
C. M. DUNN Servant (U) age 35 b. London, Middlesex (Servant)
C. DAVIS Servant age 18 b. Monmouth (Servant)
George Turnavine BUDD:
1882, unsuccessful partnership with Arthur Conan DOYLE in Plymouth (the character of "Cullingworth" in Conan DOYLE's The Stark Letters (1859) is said to be based on George T. BUDD)
Caroline Mary BUDD d. 2Q 1887 age 59 (Fulham 1a/170)
1901: lvg. Worthing, West Sussex
- Alice BUDD age 48 b. Bristol, Somerset (On Own Means)
2. Christian BUDD Chr. 1 January 1813 North Tawton, Devon; d. 1891 (unmarried)
    June 11, 1839: Bachelor of Medicine, Pembroke College, Cambridge
    (source: Cambridge University Magazine, 1839)
1850: W. WHite's History, Gazetteer & Directory of Devon
Christian BUDD M.D., surgeon, North Tawton
1851/81: lvg. The Square, North Tawton (1881 with mother Catherine)
1881: Physician M.B. Cambridge
Lived with a brother in Gidleigh at the end of his life (source: "The Caian")
2. Thomas Septimus BUDD Chr. 16 April 1818 Tawton, Devon; d. 3 April 1847 age 27, Toronto, Upper Canada
    (dod. source: The Gentleman's Magazine)
2. Charles Octav(i)us** BUDD Chr. 22 June 1824 Tawton, Devon; d. 1890
    (source: Quarterly Journal, Royal Meteorological Society, GB)
    Fellow of Pembroke College, Cambridge
    (In other publications Charles is described as a wine merchant in Torquay)
2. Francis Nonus* BUDD b. c.1822/3 North Tawton, Devon; d. 1899
Bulletins and Other State Intelligence, 1865 - pg. 1634
Commissions signed by the Lord Lieutenant of the County of Gloucester, and of the City and County of the City of Gloucester, and of the City and County of the City of Bristol.
1st Gloucestershire Rifle Volunteer Corps.
Ensign Francis Nonus BUDD to be Lieutenant, vice AIKEN, resigned. Dated 14th October, 1861.
William ROGERS, Gent., to be Ensign, vice BUDD, promoted. Dated 14th October, 1861.
Kelly's directory of Somersetshire: with the city of Bristol, 1883
Francis Nonus BUDD M.A., Senior Fellow of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge
* From "Men-at-the-bar: a Biographical Hand-list of the Members of the Various Inns of Court" by Joseph Foster, 1885:
BUDD, Francis Nonus, B.A. (Fellow), Caius Coll., Camb., a student of Lincoln's Inn 19 Dec., 1842, called to the bar 28 Jan. 1848 (9th son of late Samuel BUDD, Esq., of North Tawton, Devon).
Kelly's Directory of Devon & Cornwall, 1893 (Devon)
County Magistrate for South Molton (petty sessions)
- Francis Nonus BUDD esq., North Tawton
1881: 5 Harley Place, Clifton Down, Clifton, Gloucester
Francis N. BUDD (unmarried) age 58 b. North Tawton, Devon (Barrister In Actual Practice)
boarding at lodging-house of Susan H. STEVENS (Head, unmarried, age 50 b. Bristol)
+ 2 servants
1891: lvg. Batworthy, Gidleigh, Devon (Okehampton)
(C+EP: Gidleigh-EnD.1-Fo.6-Pg.4-Sch.16)
Francis N. BUDD (unmarried) age 68 b. North Tawton, Devon (Retired Barrister, Em'er)
- Susan H. STEVENS (unmarried) age 60 b. Bristol, Gloucestershire (House Keeper Dom, Em'ee)
- Elizabeth GARDENER (unmarried) age 38 b. North Molton, Devon (Cook, Dom Servant, Em'ee)
- Emma WONNACOTT (unmarried) age 21 b. South Tawton, Devon (House Parlour Maid, Em'ee)
Francis Nonus BUDD d. 4Q 1899 age 76 (Okehampton 5b/305)
[However, Kelly's Directory of Devon (& Cornwall), 1902 lists, as a County Magistrate (South Molton petty sessions):
BUDD Francis Nonus esq., North Tawton
This was perhaps an error - or was there another BUDD of this name?]

** Samuel & Catherine had 10 children, but 9 sons; since the christening of 1824 was 'Octavus', and Francis' 2nd given name was 'Nonus', he must have been born after Charles Octavus. If the age given for Francis in 1881 (58) was correct, then Octavus must have been christened quite some time after birth, or the baptismal record was mis-read. An undated medical publication mentions:
eighth son of Samuel Budd, a medical practitioner at North Tawton, in Devonshire, and was born at North Tawton in the month of July 1822.
From registration of death, Charles Octavius' dob. was 1821:
Charles Octavius BUDD d. 4Q 1890 age 69 (Newton A. 5b/117).

1841: lvg. North Tawton, Devon
William BUDD b. c.1811 (in Cty)
Christian BUDD b. c.1816 (in Cty)
Octavius BUDD b. c.1826 (in Cty)
Nonus BUDD b. c.1826 (in Cty)

1851: lvg. St George Hanover Square, Middlesex
George BUDD b. c.1809 North Taunton, Devon (Head)
Francis [W] BUDD b. c.1823 North Taunton, Devon (Brother)

From "William BUDD, M.D., EDIN., F.R.S.: The Bristol Physician and Epidemiologist" by Edward Wilberforce Goodall, 1936 - pg. 81
"John Wreford BUDD settled in Plymouth, Samuel in Exeter, Richard in Barnstaple ..."
"... abruptness of manner and other eccentricities, notably, so says tradition, in the first John Wreford BUDD and his brother Nonus ..."
"Excentricity of behaviour reached its climax in the aforesaid John Wreford BUDD, William's eldest brother, and in William's son George Turnavine."

From "The Quest for Sherlock Holmes: a Biographical Study of Arthur Conan Doyle"
"Thomas Septimus, who also was an Edinburgh M.D. but showed marked eccentricity sufficient to cause his family much anxiety, went to the United States and apparently died there soon afterwards; Charles Octavius, who practised as a wine merchant in Torquay; and his twin Francis Nonus who practised as a barrister in Bristol ..."

From "The Medical Register" of 1868
(Date of registration - Name - Address - Qualification)
1859 Jan 1 - BUDD Christian - North Tawton, Devon - M.B. Univ. Camb. 1839
1859 Jan 1 - BUDD George - 20 Dover street, Piccadilly, London W - M.D. Univ. Camb. 1840 (Fell. R. Coll. Phys. Lond. 1841)
1859, July 6 - BUDD John Wreford - Princess sq. Plymouth, Devon - Lic. Med. Univ. Camb. 1832
1859 Jan 1 - BUDD Richard - Barnstaple, Devon - M.D. Univ. Edin. 1831 (Mem. 1859, Fell. 1863, R. Coll Phys. Lond.)
1859 Jan 1 - BUDD Samuel - 20 Southernhay, Exeter - M.D. Univ. Edin. 1831
1859 Jan 1 - BUDD William - 13 Lansdowne place, Clifton, Bristol - M.D. Univ. Edin. 1838

Some other Budd families in Trade Directories (south-west England)

1844: Pigot & Co.'s Directory ___, Devon, Gloucestershire, ___
William BUDD ......... "Three Tuns", Quay, Bideford
William BUDD ......... baker, Exeter street, Cullompton
James BUDD ........... chymist & druggist, Bridge street, Newton-Abbots
Mrs. [___] BUDD ...... Culver street, Bristol
Richard BUDD ......... woolstapler, Coxwell street, Cirencester
1850: W. WHite's History, Gazetteer & Directory of Devon
J. BUDD esq. ......... Landkey, County Magistrate for South Molton
William BUDD ......... baker, Cullompton
Ann BUDD ............. milliner, Cullompton
Chas. Budd MUSGROVE .. farmer, Littletown, Honiton
James BUDD ........... agent for Norwich Union ins., Newton Abbot & Bushel
Mary BUDD ............ shopkeeper, Barnstaple
James BUDD ........... beerhouse keeper, Croyde, Georgeham
Eliz. & Sarah BUDD ... juvenile dress, Union street, Plymouth
John BUDD ............ poulterer, 12 Cross street, Devonport, Stoke & Morice-Town
Daniel BUDD .......... shopkeeper, Dolton
Robert BUDD .......... Borough Magistrate & Alderman, Barnstaple (see below)
Robert BUDD .......... grocer & draper, Dolton
John BUDD ............ farmer, Dolton
Robert BUDD .......... farmer, Dolton
Wm. BUDD ............. farmer, Dolton
John BUDD ............ wheelwright, North Petherwin
"Miss BUDD and several other proprietors have estates in this parish, which is celebrated for its cherry orchards."
"... is a village and parish, 2˝ miles E.S.E. of Barnstaple, containing 774 souls, and 3510 acres of land. ... part of the parish belongs to Miss BUDD and other proprietors."

1851: lvg. No. 7 Ebberly Place, Barnstaple, Devonshire
Robert BUDD (Head) age 65 b. Landkey, Devon (Magistrate & Alderman; Surgeon, Royal College)
Louiza [--]BUDD (Wife) age 73 b. Bloomsbury, Middlesex
- Mary DENNIS (U) age 38 b. Goodleigh, Devon (Servant)
- Mary LUXTON (U) age 26 b. North Molton, Devon (Servant, Cook)

1844: Pigot & Co.'s Directory ___, Devon, Gloucestershire, ___
BUDD & Co., carriers:
- to Oxford, Wootton-under-Edge, Tetbury, Cirencester, Burford, Witney, and Northleach, from Bletchly's warehouse, Thomas street, ... daily
- to London, from the "Crown", every Monday, Wednesday & Friday
- to Bristol, van from their warehouse, Leuse lane, ... daily
- to Cheltenham, from their warehouse every Tuesday, Thursday, & Saturday
- to Gloucester, by Railway & Vans, from their warehouse, daily
- to Stourbridge, Kidderminster, & Dudley, from their warehouse, daily
- to Stroudwater, Minchinhampton, Nailsworth, Easlington, Standley & Cain's Cross, from their warehouse, daily

Joseph PAGE, agent to Budd & Co, 1 Quay street
- to London daily from 1 Quay street
BUDD, ROBINS & Co., carriers
- to Cirencester from the "Swan", every Monday, Wednesday & Friday
- to London from their warehouse, by Railway, daily; and by Van, through Cirencester, Burford, Witney, Oxford, Uxbridge, and High Wycombe, daily
- to Bristol from their warehouse, every Tuesday, Thursday & Saturday



1740: WREFORD George Snell, son of Mr. John & Katherine of Colebroke
1743: WREFORD Eliz., daughter of Mr. John & Katherine of Colebroke
1744: WREFORD Samuel, son of Mr. John & Katherine of Nymettracy

1742: Mr. WREFORD William, & Mrs. Elizabeth LAKE of Bow

1713: WREFORD Roger of Colebrooke
1743: WREFORD William, son of Roger of Sandford
1746: WREFORD Susanna, wife of Mr. John of Down St. Mary
1746: WREYFORD Mr. John snr. of Down St. Mary
1818: WREFORD Mr. Sylvannus of Bow, age 63 yrs.
1824: WREFORD Mrs. Mary widow of the above Mr. John WREFORD, of Crediton, 73 yrs.
1830: WREFORD Sylvanus of Hampson Farm, Bow, under coroner's warrant
      (killed by a fall from a horse), age 10 yrs.
1834: WREFORD Mary of Sandford, age 88 yrs.
1841: WREFORD Sylvanus of Bow alias Nymet Tracey, age 57 yrs.
1846: WREFORD Anne of Nicholas Nymet in the parish of North Tawton, age 59 yrs.

Clannaborough (1696-1850'S), Devon Strays

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