Ambrose Cobbs of
Email File Manager M. Cobb
A Word Of Caution
Let us begin by doing our bit to correct an oft-repeated error. By 1650, there were two Cobb families firmly established in
Virginia, within just a few miles of each other...the families of Ambrose Cobbs in what is now York County, and that of Joseph Cobb in . DNA analysis of descendants of both men has now clearly established these two families were UNRELATED. Isle of Wight County
Now, where were we...!
Ambrose COBBS "the Emigrant" was born about 1603 in
. He died before January 15, 1656 in Petham, Kent BristolParish, . He was the third son named in his father's Will to share gavelkind from his estate. Henrico County, Virginia
He was married to Ann WHITE (daughter of Robert WHITE and Susanna BOULDEN) on April 18, 1625 in Norton Parish,
. At the time of her marriage, her parents were both deceased and she was living in Willesborough, under the government of Thomas Cobbs, the brother of her groom Ambrose. Thomas had married her sister Susan White in 1619. Kent
Ann WHITE was born in 1608 in Norton Parish, Kent. She died before 1656 in
. This date is speculative. Ann was not mentioned in her husband's estate, and immediately after Ambrose's death the property was sold out of Cobb family possession. Therefore, it seems logical to assume that by then Ann was deceased. Henrico County, Virginia
In 1633, Ambrose and Ann sold their lands in
, possibly as the preliminary preparation for their immigration to the Virginia Colony. It is believed they made the voyage in 1635, most likely landing at England . Their party consisted of Ambrose and Ann; children Robert, and Margaret; and Richard Barker, Hugh Barker, and Thomas Harding. It is not known positively, but probably safe to assume, that the latter three men had indentured themselves to Ambrose, in order to gain free passage to the Jamestown New World. It is known that under the Land Grant laws of the day, Ambrose as a "Headright" was entitled to 50 acres of land for each person for whom he had paid the transportation charges to . The ultimate fate of the Barkers and Thomas Harding, and the length of their association with Ambrose Cobbs, is unknown. Virginia
The Virginia Colony had only been established in 1607, when our Cobbs first came to
. Jamestown, though the center of commerce, government, and protection from indians, was nonetheless a very unhealthful place, being situated on a low, swampy, mosquito infested island. Sweltering heat, disease, starvation, the lack of potable water, and occasional Indian attack took a heavy toll on all new arrivals. In fact, ample records exist that indicate it was the annoyance of having to constantly 'swat' Mosquitoes that motivated the establishment of America several miles inland. But it was most likely here that Ambrose situated his family in temporary quarters, while he no doubt began an immediate exploration of the area for the land he would claim as a Headright. Williamsburg
On July 25, 1639, Ambrose patented 350 acres on the Appomattox River, near its confluence with Swift's Creek, about nine miles from present
Petersburg, about fifty miles upriver from , and adjacent to properties owned by Abraham Wood and John Baugh. One can only speculate as to the first project Ambrose took on...the construction of a house for his family, or to start preparing the land for the first planting? It was already mid-summer; rather late in the season to be breaking previously untilled soil to start a crop. Conditions were primitive to say the least. The location was isolated and the situation with the indians was always tenuous. Ann could have been but little help, her hands full with four children under the age of twelve (see the following). Jamestown
Two more children had been born to Ambrose and Ann after their arrival in
. Ambrose was born within a year, about 1636. He lived his entire life within 15 miles of Virginia Jamestown, and died in probably late 1683, in what is now . He fathered two known children by his wife Mary Ann; sons William in 1655, and Robert in 1660. Ambrose died without leaving a written Will, but his estate was inventoried and appraised and recorded in February 1684. Following his death, his widow married one George Glasscock. York County
Thomas, the sixth and last child born to Ambrose and Ann, was born in 1637 in Charles River County, Virginia (In 1643, the county name was changed to
.) He lived his entire life in York , and died there in 1702. He never married and died without issue. His Will was probated 24 February 1702... "To cousin William Cobbs, my house and lot where I now live", and if he died then the same to go to Thomas Cobbs; "to Isaac Sart a black mare running now at Powhatan; two sows to Alice Newman; to Robert Cobbs, son of Ambrose Cobbs; all the remaining part of my estate to cousins Ambrose Cobbs, Robert Cobbs, Otho Cobbs, and Robert Kerle (related through the Thorpe-Cobb family connection), to be equally divided between them." (It is common to also find him and the Kerle family credited as descendants of Joseph Cobb of York County, Virginia .) Isle of Wight County
No doubt, the first home Ambrose built was a temporary structure, intended just to get a roof over their heads. With the passage of time, to provide additional "creature comfort", he may have added onto this dwelling, or started over again with a permanent house nearby. Whatever the case, one thing does seem logical; that it was of an architecture one would expect to find in
...thatch roofs covering outer walls whose supporting inner beams are exposed. It was the style that was known by those early colonists. And certainly, with conditions being as harsh as they were, one was hardly ever of a mind to experiment. England
By the time of the American Revolution (almost a century and a half later), a great plantation mansion was standing on the land Ambrose Cobbs had claimed as his Headright in 1639. A painting of it now hangs in the Library of the
. Also, even during his lifetime, the entire locale had become known as 'Cobbs' or 'Cobbs Hall', a name that was used to identify the entire surrounding area until well after the Civil War. Although Ambrose is popularly credited with being the hand that built this mansion, a basic examination of facts and circumstances indicates this is unlikely. Universityof Virginia
The reasons for this position are (1) Ambrose lived only another seventeen years after obtaining title to the land, and apparently died a widower. (2) His heirs did not continue to live there, (3) The mansion seen in the popular painting is clearly of southern antebellum architecture, a style that did not take root until into the 18th century, long after Ambrose's death and the property had passed out of Cobb family possession, and (4), The issue of family finances has to be considered. By the time the first crop was in, the Cobbs had been in
at least five years. It would hardly seem unreasonable to assume that by then the family purse was near empty, if indeed it wasn't already and they were living on credit or barter. Certainly, Ambrose was mainly occupied with the clearing and cultivation of the land; and with the planting and harvesting of the corn, rice, and tobacco that he produced. And this alone, was more than a full-time job. Further, the size of the family had increased by only two since their arrival in Virginia , the last being born in 1637, two years before they ever occupied those 350 acres that became Cobbs Hall. Therefore there was no need to greatly enlarge the accommodations Ambrose originally provided. As long as the dwelling they did occupy held up, it seems most likely that the construction of an extravagant mansion would have been the last priority. Virginia
As mentioned earlier, Ambrose may have simply added onto the original temporary dwelling, or he may have begun construction of a new house nearby. But the essential point being made is that the project of building that large home probably proceeded in phases as time and money permitted, as did many of the early colonial plantations...and that the mansion in the painting was only barely begun in Ambrose's lifetime --- if he had anything to do with it at all.
[A note of caution to researchers would be appropriate here. The home of Ambrose Cobb is not to be confused with the plantation of that branch of the Lee family known as the “Cobbs Hall Lees” in
. The history of the Lee home is unknown, but it has been established they had no connection to the Cobbs.] Northumberland County, Virginia
Immediately after Ambrose died (no later than January 1656), his son Robert, acting as administrator of the estate, sold the property to one Michael Masters, who then sold it to John and Thomas Burton, in that same year. In 1704, a son of Thomas Burton sold "Cobbs" to John Bolling, and though the plantation and entire area continued to be known as "Cobbs", the property remained in Bolling family possession for over a hundred years. Bolling was the son of Colonel Robert Bolling and his wife Jane Rolfe, daughter of Thomas Rolfe and granddaughter of Pocahontas. A more thorough study of the Bolling family than what is done here gives rise to the belief that it was probably that family that built the mansion in the painting. During the Revolution, the property was raided by the British. The crops and outbuildings were burned, but the main house was left untouched. During the War Between the States however, the entire property was overrun and burned to the ground by Federal troops, in 1864.
The land settled by Ambrose and Ann Cobbs is now partially occupied by "Point of Rocks Park", a 188-acre athletic complex operated by
Chesterfield County( was created from Henrico in 1749.). The park is located on Chesterfield Enon Church Road, about 1.5 miles south of Interstate Highway295. An archeological survey was done of the property prior to development, and those plats and maps are available in the Archives. Click here to see the historical marker that identifies the park as being the original location of Cobbs Hall. Virginia State
Ambrose and Ann were most likely buried in the small cemetery that is located at the extreme northeast corner of the tract. In 1864, invading Union troops destroyed all the headstones but one (a woman not related to the Cobbs family who died in 1801). Some years later, Wyndham Robertson (1803-1888), a Bolling descendant and one-time governor of
, and a direct descendant of Pocahontas, was buried at "Cobbs", and his grave is prominently marked. The cemetery is not accessible directly from the park. It can only be reached by a public street that runs parallel to the northern park boundary. It is located in a cul de sac and is surrounded by a rock wall approximately four feet in height. Virginia
Ambrose COBBS "the Emigrant" and Ann WHITE had the following children:
1 Ambrose COBBS was christened on March 12, 1625 in Willesborough, Kent. He died before August 18, 1626 in
2 Robert COBBS (born before January 7, 1627).
3 Jane COBBS was born before 1630 in Willesborough, Kent. She died before January 12, 1634. She was buried in
. Willesborough, Kent
4 Margaret COBBS (born in 1631).
5 Ambrose COBBS (born in 1635/36).
6 Thomas COBBS was born in 1637 in Charles River County, Virginia. He died in 1702 in
. He never married and died without issue. York County, Virginia
Remember ... If you are looking for a Cobb, try it with both spellings ... COBB and COBBS!
The descendants of Ambrose Cobbs of
NOTE: I am in the process of rebuilding this entire database. I am removing those collateral surnames that are unique to my immediate family. This will make this database more streamlined and easier for researchers to use. However, this is a time consuming process; therefore you must be patient.
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