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Dena'ina History Russian Orthodox Influence  

Historical Dena'ina villages
and the (year) that an Orthodox Chapel was built there

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The following names and dates were extracted from the journals of Russian
Orthodox Missionaries from 1883 to 1934. The journals were
translated by Andrei A. Znamenski

In 1853, Russian Orthodox missionary Hegumen Nikolai, recorded that he routinely ministered to a group of 7 villages: Aleksanderovsk, Seldovia, Ninilchik, Kustatan, Tyonek, Susitna and Knik and some of THOSE villages were broken up into camps. Knik, for instance, was a group of 5 (hunting or fishing) camps that Nikolai ministered separately to. As late as 1893, Old Knik had only 3 permanent houses and 1 trading post. The larger part of that Dena'ina population was scattered within six miles of Knik Village. In Tyonek, people lived in their village about 4 months out of the year, the rest of the time they lived in seasonal (hunting and fishing) camps.

Priest Hegumen Nikolai's confessional registers (1847 and 1850) showed that Russian's (who worked for the RAC), such as Peter Kalashnikov, Nikolai Eliseevskii, Evgaf Iakovlev, Ivan Balashov and Zinovii Berestov married Dena'ina women at Kenai. St. Nicholas Redoubt free settlers: Savva Kiselev a peasant from the Tobolsk District in European Russia and Peter Osipov, a Sakha Native from Eastern Siberia also married Dena'in women. Unfortunately, the womens names were seldom recorded.

Generally, Russian Orthodox missionaries visited the Cook Inlet area twice a year to teach the faith, hear confessions, perform communions, baptizms, last rites and funerals.  The first trip, of the year, was, traditionally, a summer trip to the villages of Tyonek,  Kustatan, the 5 seasonal Knik camps and 2 seasonal Susitna camps before the fish run.  The second trip took place in March when the Priest went to Seldovia, Aleksanderovsk and Ninilchik. SOME villages (because of bad weather conditions, illness, etc.) went 1 to 2 years between visits from a Priest and the only mention of village births, marriages or deaths, during those years, were brief and incomplete entries in missionary journals. At the end of their mission, Priests were often sent back to Russia. 

February 21, 1882
Missionary Vasilii Shishkin visited Mulchatna: "From last fall to the present, 9 people have died in Mulchatna from Scarlet Fever. During this visit, Jacob Kakilishtukta, the Mulchatna 'toion' died. Church registers show there should be 144 people in this village, but a large part of them have either died or moved away. The new register says there are only 27 people in Mulchatna."

Priest Hieromonk Nikita reported that a "coughing illness" struck Kenai.
Twenty nine children, under the age of 8 died of the disease in 1883 and the next year it killed children and adults in other villages as well. Pregnant women were very hard hit by this disease and 100% of those who were sick when they gave birth, died soon after.

July 19, 1885
The Priest, Hieromonk Nikita, baptized an adult Mednovtsy (Copper River) Native “who was converted from paganism" and received the name of Nikolai after his godfather.

Vladimir Stafeev, a Russian, who first worked as an agent at the RAC trading post at St. Nicholas Redoubt (Kenai) in the 1860's, married a Dena'ina woman who was the daughter of a "toion". He also worked at Tyonek as an agent for the ACC trading post from 1884-1888.  In 1887, in Tyonek, he traded with three Mednovtsy Natives; two of them were Bychanishta and Kechigiugunuglin. He baptized the men and renamed them Pavel and Karp, two Dena'ina men from Tyonek acted as godparents (Pavel Shitachka and Karp Nukhdichugin).

August 20, 1887
Missionary Vasilii Shishkin visited Chikak Village, which was 8 boat hours from Iliamna. There he baptized 14 adult Kenaitze. "The village totaled 36 and only 9 people are healthy. The children are covered with festering growths, and some of the adults are so ill that they have not been able to move for several years. Nobody knows where this infectious disease came from."

Tyonek had 130 residents, including children.

Russian Priest, Nikolai Mitropol’skii, said it was not easy communicating with the Mednovtsy people. To do that, his Russian language had to be translated into the Knik tongue, then someone who could speak both Knik and Mednovtsy had to translate it from the Knik tongue to the Mednovtsy tongue.  Of course, all replies had to go through the two translators (in reverse) as well.  That summer, many Mednovtsy came to Knik to be married by the Priest. He estimated there were 500 Mednovtsy who lived in the Copper River area.

July 24, 1890
Missionary Shishkin visited Iliamna Village. He performed a service for the villagers who died of influenza in the fall of 1888 until February of 1889. Twenty-one people died of influenza.  He also visited the village of Kichik where 16 had died from influenza.

Three white men, living in Knik, hanged a Mednovtsy Native man because he killed a white trading post agent 5 years earlier. Russian Priest, Nikolai Mitropol’skii, stated that one of the white men went by the name of Miller.
The flu is epidemic at Ninilchik, people are so ill, that there isn’t sufficient help to  bury the bodies.

In a report to his superiors, Russian Priest Aleksander Iaroshevich wrote that he was in charge of 7 village chapels. To take care of church business while he was away, he assigned 3 men (in each village) to care for the chapel:

The "toion" who took care of the chapels money. 

The "zakazchik" who was in charge of village hunting and fishing.

The church warden who was in charge of cleaning the chapel and selling prayer candles.

ALEXANDROVSK VILLAGE: Alexander Shagi was the "toion", Nicholai Shukhi was the "zakazchik" and Dionisii Maltsev was church warden. There was also a song leader named Ivan Munin.

SELDOVIA VILLAGE: Feodor Berestov was the "toion", Nikolai Baiiu is the "zakazchik", and Zakhar Balashov was the church

NINILCHIK VILLAGE: Faroshevich wrote that Ninilchik was a "creole settlement" so they did not have a "toion" or "zakazchik", but they did have a church warden named Feodor Kvasnikov and a man w ho baptised infants, his name was Aleskwi Oskolkoff. The church also had two song leaders: Grigorii Oskokoff and Ioann Pamfilov.

KUSTATAN VILLAGE: Peter Chickalusion was the "toion". Gavriil Achitliklukt was the "zakazchik" and Konstantin Takache was the church warden.

TYONEK VILLAGE: Konstantin Kundukuliashin was the "toion". Peter Unikhliachguliakhliak was both the "zakazchik" and the church warden. A Kenaitze, Alexander Sichkatakhin, who was fluent in Russian, baptized infants.

SUSITNA VILLAGE: Peter Tikhkunukhtilusion was the "toion". Ivan Tutauekhshtukhta was the "zakazchik" and Stepan Kachtagan was the church warden.

KNIK VILLAGE: Peter Kunachtukhta was the "toion". Afanasii Tukchun was the "zakazchik" and Mikhail Tishdilusion was the church warden.

October 1, 1893

The following members of the Kenai Missionary Assumption  Church pledged to donate 25¢ a month to support the church,the school and needy parishioners:

Aleksander Iaroshevich (priest)                Aleksei Ivanov (song leader)            Starosta Ivan Ivanov
Aleksander Demidov                             Ioann Sorokovikov                       Anton Ivanov
Makar Ivanov                                   Evgeniia Iaroshevich                    Filipp Ivanov
Marfa Ivanov                                   Lavrentii Mishakoff                     Faddei Ukotli
Sergei Mishakoff                               Stepan L'tatel'tisha                    Nicolai Iukisat
Peter Kal'khinekhutakha                        Innokentii Shakai                       Nikanor K'iul'khkish
Evfimii  Kal'chakakhutaka                      Vasillii Kliakva                        Nikolai Makuloff
Nikifor Mishakoff                              Stepan Mishakoff                        Antonii Bakel'chushin
Innokentii Tatutliutmia                        Stepan L'kankata                        Feodor Chuljin
Daniil Kal'khnish                              Peter Mishakoff                         Dmitrii Priskokin
Nikolai Kalifornskii                           Nikolai Balitaeliush                    Avel' Vutkatakha
Nikolai Bakhketulikturkta                      Peter Kinga                             Stepan Mishakoff
Aleksei Pamfilov                               Ivan Oskolkoff                          Konstantin Sorokovikov 

Russian Priest, Aleksander Iaroshevich, writes that there are few people living in Knik. He said that most people who were considered Knik residents, actually lived in various locations scattered in a radius of 6 miles around Knik.  Knik Village was located up river, 12 miles from it’s chapel.

Iaroshevich trained Ruf Stepanov and Nikolai Kulikrukta of Old Knik to be song leaders. Nikolai Kulikrukta later moved to Susitna where he was a psalms reader.

The ACC agent at Knik, in the winter of 1894, was A. Krison. Another man named George Palmer was also in Knik that winter (listed as a miner). On 12/19/1894  Father Aleksander Iaroshevich wrote in his journal that George Palmer took Pelagaia Chanilkhiga, a local Kenaitze widow (who had 3 young sons and was pregnant with a 4th child) as his concubine.

Gold was discovered on the Kenai Peninsula and thousands of miners came to the area.  The villages of Tyonek and Knik became major supply points for these miners. Russian-American Co. (RAC) records state that 150 Indians and 40 white people lived at Knik in 1906.  Ten years later, there were 500 white people.

Father Aleksander Iaroshevich was teaching Ruf Stepanov of Knik and Nikkolai Kulikrukta of Tyonek to read and write Russian, so they could become readers in the church.

February 9, 1895
Missionary Vladimir Modestov was at Iliamna Village. "This village was founded by Creole Savva Riktorov, a trade agent for the RAC, who had 2 wives silultaneously. Four sons were born to the 1st wife and 4 more sons were born to the 2nd wife.

Priest Aleksander Iaroshevich arrived at "Chuvitna Village", 4 miles from Tyonek. He was taken in by Mr. and Mrs. White, where he stayed for almost a month before weather and travel conditions allowed him to get to the Kenai side.

Missionary Vladimir Modeestov reported the following people living at Iliamna Village:

RIKTOROV, Kosma [Kusma] age 57
RIKTOROV, Daria age 28 wife
RIKTOROV, Vavara [Barbara] age 4 daughter

RIKTOROV, Vasilii age 51
RIKTOROV, Mariia [Mary] age 41 wife
RIKTOROV, Mikhail age 26 son
RIKTOROV, Stefan [Stephen] age 21 son
RIKTOROV, Paraskeva age 15 son
RIKTOROV, Gavriil age 5 adopted son

RIKTOROV, Evfim [Efim] age 53
RIKTOROV, Afafiia age 37 wife
RIKTOROV, Ioann age 23 son
RIKTOROV, Varvara [Barbara] age 11 daughter

TUKNIKHLIUSHEN, Dariia age 100  widow

RIKTOROV, Vassilissa age 38 widow
RIKTOROV, Mikhail I age 19 son
RIKTOROV, Mikhail II  age 17 son
RIKTOROV, Sophia age 16 daughter
RIKTOROV, Lukeriia age 3 daughter

TAGNAKHRUKHTA, Simeon age 35
TAGNAKHRUKHTA, Evdokiia age 28 wife
TAGNAKHRUKHTA, Ekaterina [Catherine] age 5 daughter
TAGNAKHRUKHTA, Nikita age 6 daughter
TAGNAKHRUKHTA, Agafiia age 2 daughter

KILTKIDE, Kirill age 32
KILTKIDE, Mariia [Mary] age 23 wife
KILTKIDE, Anna age 4 daughter

BUITOKHA, Mikhail [Michael] age 75 widower
BUITOKHA, Kirill age 35 son

L'KUDKHUGTUT, Stefanida age 22
L'KUDKHUGTUT, Varvara [Barbara] age 6 daughter

L'KAGLIAGA, Aleksei age 43
L'KAGLIAGA, Akilina age 28 wife
L'KAGLIAGA, Sofia age 5 daughter

IVANOV [Evanoff], Zakharii [Zakhar] age 38
IVANOV [Evanoff], Anastasiia  age 28 wife
IVANOV [Evanoff], Marfa age 6 daughter
IVANOV [Evanoff], Evfimii [Efim] age 5 son
IVANOV [Evanoff], Paraskeva age 2 daughter

GRIGORIEV, Nikolai age 43
GRIGORIEV, Marfa age 20 wife
GRIGORIEV, Marfa age 4 daughter
GRIGORIEV, Grigorii age 2 son

TUGNUKADILEN, Ioann [Ivan] age 26
TUGNUKADILEN, Ekaterina [Catherine] age 21 wife

TKIL'KIDE, Ioann [Ivan] age 44
TKIL'KIDE, Mariia [Mary] age 38 wife
TKIL'KIDE, Ignatti age 7 son
TKIL'KIDE, Zakharii [Zakhar] age 1 son

KONAL'TUKTA, Feodor [Fedor] age 44
KONAL'TUKTA, Dariia age 35 wife
KONAL'TUKTA, Stefan [Stephen] age 16 son
KONAL'TUKTA, Zinovii age 1 son

KONAL'TUKTA, Evdokiia age 18
KONAL'TUKTA, Paraskeva age 1 daughter

BAKUN, Stefanida age 50 widow
BAKUN, Panteleimon age 29 son?

ZAKHAROV, Grigorii age 24

KIBUL'KAHK, Savva age 24

L'KAGLIAGA, Nikolai age 21

KOIDUL'KIL, Andrei age 40
KOIDUL'KIL, Anna age 38 wife
KOIDUL'KIL, Gerasim age 18 son
KOIDUL'KIL, Mikhail [Michael] age 10 son
KOIDUL'KIL, Nikolai age 7 son
KOIDUL'KIL, Ekaterina [Catherine] age 4 daughter
KOIDUL'KIL, Paraskeva age 2 daughter

ROEHL, Mariia [Mary] age 32 wife
ROEHL, Sergei age ? son
ROEHL, Mariia [Mary] age ? daughter
ROEHL, Sofia age ? daughter
ROEHL, Feodor [Fedor] age 8 son
ROEHL, Vladimir age 6 son
ROEHL, Vasilii age 2 son

NELSON, Christian
NELSON, Mariia [Mary] age 38 wife

Priest Ioann Bortnovski nominated Peter Chickalusion (a "toion" at the Kustatan Village), and Stepan Tuchketelketan (a "zakazchik")and Aleksei Kalifornskii (of Kalifornsky Village) to receive awards for their work in the church.

Priest Ioann Bortnovskii was at Tyonek to pick up Ivan Kvasnikov so they could both go to Knik. Kvasnikov was an interpreter and song leader. About 50 gold miners were wintering at Tyonek. Bortnovskii and Kvasnikov left for "Old Knik" where they found many new houses, large stores and a saloon. The previous winter, about 100 American miners stayed in Knik, as well as a some soldiers that were sent to the area by the U.S. Government, to build a road from Knik to Yukon. The previous summer, the soldiers laid 250 miles of a road and reached the Mednovtsy villages. Eventually they plan to reach the Yukon River. Because of the influx of "Americans" into the Knik area, the Kenaitze are moving their people across the Inlet to "New Knik".
They even disassembled their St. Nicholas chapel and took it to New Knik (Eklutna) and reassembled it.  

Priest Ioann Bortnovskii traveled to Susitna and stopped at a summer fish camp built by Knik Natives.  He learned that many were ill but even more were starving because the salmon had not yet reached Susitna. He said that the dogs were also starving and they looked like “moving skeletons”.  At Susitna, Bortnovskii noticed that the women were just as skilled (as the men) at handling small boats and bidarka's. He described 3 stores in the area; 2 in the village of Susitna and 1 at lower Susitna village.  The agent at the Susitna ACC store wanted to marry a Knik Kenaitze woman with whom he had lived with for a long time and had many children. He also noted that 2 Susitna men had abducted a Copper River Native girl.

July 6, 1900
Russian Priest Bortnovskii performed the marriage for ACC agent, Arthur McConahay and Mapoy, a Knik Kenaitze girl who had lived with him for 7 years and they had 4 children.  McConahay, a local trade agent, contributed to building the new chapel at Susitna, both in money and advise. He also gave free food to the people who were building the chapel in 1902.

July 7, 1900
A new cannery was built in Chubutnu, which was not far from Tyonek. It has 4 fish tanks and 60 fishermen along the shoreline in the Tyonek area. The government project of building a road to Yukon, through Susitna, ended due to its enormous expense. The soldiers and horses were all moved to Valdez.

Priest Ioann Bortnovskii lectured the Kenaitze in Tyonek about the evils of drinking and told them to stop brewing a beer that they called "makula".

The Alaska Commercial Company has closed its stores in Susitna, Kenai, Kasilof, Knik and Seldovia. Private stores were taking their place.

April 25, 1902 Priest Bortnovskii baptized a baby named Pavel, the infant son of a white man who is married to a Kenaitze woman at Seldovia.

April 29, 1902  Bortnovskii gave last rights to a dying man, in Seldovia, named Ivan Iakovlev.

June 20, 1902 Priest Bortnovskii mentions visiting what he calls the “1st Knik” which was a summer nomadic camp and that only 2 Native families were living near the Knik chapel. 

June 24, 1902 Bortnovskii performed a wedding for a local Kenaitze woman at  Tyonek (who had “illicitly lived with a white man named Harry Hicks").  The Priest also  performed a funeral for a Tyonek man named Peter who died that day. 

June 29, 1902 Bortnovskii performed last rights for a Kenaitze woman named Olga who was very sick in her tent.

December 15, 1905
KANGALLEN VILLAGE: A child was born to Kenaitze Native Pavel Konstantineovich and wife Anna, the babies name was Feodor.

May 12, 1906
NAPAMIUT VILLAGE: Grigorii, infant son of Vasilii Ashipiak died.

May 13, 1906
Missionary Nikifor Amkan reported that, on a trip to Kangallen Village, he stopped and baptized a baby, named Anisiia Tagian (born 4/3/1906) to Makarii Chiliklanak and his wife Anna.

May 14, 1906

VICINITY OF NAPAMIUT VILLAGE: Missionary Amkan baptized Anisiia Tagian infant daughter of Makarii Chiliklanak and lawful wife Anna. Baby was born May 3, 1906. Godparent was Natalia, wife of Vasilii Tagnigakh of Napamiut Village. Another baby, Irina, daughter of Feodosia Iaganin was born in April of 1906.  Her Godparent was  Mariia Chimgak of the Napamiut Village. 

May 18, 1906
MOUTH OF STONEY RIVER: Missionary Amkan baptized Marva, infant daughter of Epifanii and his lawful wife Marfa Ivanov. The Godparent was  Mariia the wife of Sergie Andreanov. 

May 24, 1906

#1: Daughter of American Grigorii Mikhailovich Hobson and his lawful wife Tatiana Konstantinovna. The godmother
    was Mariia Vladimirovna, wife of Ivan Konstantinov. Babies name was Ekaterina.

#2: Son of Kiril Tokhteion and his wife Agafiia. Godfather was Kirill I'akovlevich. Babies name was Feodor.

#3: Daughter of Pavel Konstantinov and wife Anna. Godmother was a Kenaitze maiden named Agaffia Ivanovna.
    Babies name was Elizaveta.

#4: Daughter of Vasilii Ivanovich and Evlalia. Godmother was a maiden named Alexandra Ivanovna Kal'tita. Babies
    name was Maria.

May 29, 1906

NUKACHAOGMIIUT VILLAGE: Missionary Amkan baptized Agnia, daughter of Native named Lazar Klimentov Achimati and wife Evgeniia.  The baby was born mid-April.  Godparent was Pelageia Ivanov, wife of Kiril Klimentov.

January 5, 1907

KANGALLEN VILLAGE: Missionary Nikifor Amkan baptized three infants:
#1: Son of Nikolai Konstantinovich and wife Aleksandera. Baby born 12/27/1907 and named Evfimii.
#2: Son of Pavel Konstantinovich and wife Anna. Baby born 12/15/1907 and named Feodor.
#3: Son of Vasilii Ivanovich and wife Ivlaliia. Baby born end of October 1907 and named Konstantin.

January 9, 1907
Missionary Amkan baptized daughter of Trifon Vasiliev Broder and wife Maria from Vonzai Village. Baby born 12/26/1906 and named Agafiia. The Godmother was Mariia Simeonovna of Vonzai Village.

January 21, 1907
Ekaterina Mishakoff joined the Temperance Society in Seldovia and pledged not to drink for the rest of her life. Paros Danilova and Anna Shangai joined and pledged not to drink for a year.

January 29, 1907
Vlasii Anakhupak died in Aleksanderovsk Village.

The Russian Orthodox church started the St. Nicholas Temperance Society at Seldovia.  The Natives took an oath saying they would not drink for a certain length of time.  The following list is important because it gives us names we wouldn’t normally have access to:

January 21, 1907
Ekaterina Mishakoff took an oath for the rest of her life.

Paros Danilova and Anna Shangai took an oath for 1 year.

February 19, 1907
Iosif Z. Oskolkoff quit his membership because his oath had expired.

February 26, 1907
Afanasii Almanakh arranged a supper for the society members.

March 4, 1907
Iakov Oskolkoff took an oath for 1 year.
Agripina Bakhov took an oath for the rest of her life
Peter Bakhov  took an oath for 1 year
Vasilii A. Demidov took an oath for 1 year

March 11, 1907
Matrena Ltultish took an oath for the rest of her life.
Aleksander Abakhchi renewed his oath.
Maria Abakhchi took an oath for the rest of her life.
Tatiana Knukhuutil took an oath for 2 years
Nikolai Mishakoff took an oath for 2 years
Lukia Mamalia  took an oath for 2 years
Tatiana Viadro took an oath for 2 years
Nikolai Soloviev took an oath for 2 years
Engenii Man took an oath for 2 years.
Anastasiia Baktuit took an oath for 1 year.
Anna Sorokovikov took an oath for 1 year
Akilina Kiiu took an oath for 1 year
Feodor Chulgin took an oath for 1 year

April 2, 1907  KENAI

Joseph Tugubik quit the membership because their oaths had expired
Afanasii Almanakh quit the membership because their oaths had expired
Aleksei Mednovsky  quit the membership because their oaths had expired

April 8, 1907
Akakii Kanitak died in Seldovia.
Nikolai Tishdilusion took an oath for 1 year.
Peter Vedro took an oath for 2 years
Aleksei Knikov took an oath for 2 years
Alexandra Knikov took an oath for 2 years
Nadezhda Mednovsky took an oath for 2 years
Simeon Chickalusion took an oath for 3 years
Anna Bakhov took an oath for the rest of her life.

April 18, 1907
Anna Ivanov took an oath for 1 year. 

April 19, 1907
Aleksander D. Daryn took an oath for 2 years
Stepan Knushdul took an oath for 2 years

April 21, 1907
Iosif Z. Oskolkoff took an oath for 10 years.
Afanasii Almanakh took an oath for 1 year.
Maxim Knukhuutil took an oath for 3 years.
Grigorii P. Oskolkoff took an oath for 5 years
Feodor Kvasnikov took an oath for 1 year.

April 22, 1907
Aleksei Mednovsky renewed his oath for 1 year.

April 23, 1907
Philip Wilson took an oath for 1 year.

April 30, 1907
Pavel Kalifornskii took an oath for 3 years.
Nikonor Ltultish  took an oath for 3 years.

May 10, 1907
Mikhail Balashov took oath for 5 years
Anisiia Balashov (his wife)  took an oath for 5 years
Timofei Balashov took an oath for 5 years
Aleksei Berestov took an oath for 5 years

May 13, 1907
Evgeniia Agina took an oath for life.
Irina Mamchak took an oath for life.
Grigorii Anakhukak took an oath for life.
Evgeniia Mamchak took an oath for life.
Marfa Mamchak took an oath for life.
Ljubov Abapak  took an oath for life.
Sofia Anakhupak took an oath for life.
Elisaveta Mamchak took an oath for life.
Andrei Agikjia  took an oath for life.
Timofei Maltsev took an oath for life.

May 14, 1907
Peter Nossikii, a Japanese took an oath for life.
Paraskoviia Nosskaia took an oath for 1 year
Illarion Ljuka took an  oath for 1 year.

June 10, 1907
Flor Fomin expelled from Temperance Society for breaking oath.
Alex Ryan expelled from Temperance Society for breaking oath.

September 17, 1907
Sofia Wilson took an oath for 2 years
Vasilii Petrov  took an oath for 2 years
Simeon Yunisin took an oath for 2 years.

October 8, 1907

12 people violated their oaths to the
Temperance Society and were expelled:

Feodor Malia
Lukiia  Malia (his wife)
Evgeniia Mann
Maxim Knukhutil
Tatiana Knukhutil (his wife)
Pavel Morfei
Mikhail Kasilofsky
Alkdsei Kaviak
Victor Inchidishin
Vasilii Indchidishin
Stepan Kustatanosky
Daria Oskolkoff

Priest Bortnovskii quit and was replaced by Priest Pavel Shadura. 

End of October 1907
KANGALLEN VILLAGE: A son named Konstantin was born to Kenaitze Native Vasilii Ivanovich and wife Ivlaliia.

December 26, 1907
KANGALLEN VILLAGE: A daughter named Agafiia, was born to Trifon Vasiliev Broder and wife Maria of the Vonzai Village.  Godmother was Mariia Simeonovna from Vonzai.

December 27, 1907
KANGALLEN VILLAGE: A son named Evfimii, was born to Kenaitze Native called Nikolai Konstantinovich and his wife Aleksandera.

1908-1909 MARRIAGES:

William McKeon (Presbyterian)of Seldovia married a Dena’ina widow named Anna Nanitak.

Malcolm McNeil of Knik married Dena’ina woman named Anna Chickalusion.

William Hughes of Knik married Dena’ina woman named Maria Stepanova of Susitna village.

Andrei Tolchok, a Dena'ina from Seldovia married Marfa Tapani a resident of Aleksanderovsk

Posto Laverne a Philippino married Olga Nikanoroff of Kenai.

Hans Siversen of Minnesota married Dena’ina woman Yenlu Nudlash Brooks from Old Nondalton.

Jack Kinney, gold prospector in Mulchatna District in 1909, married Elena Balauta from Qeghnilen.

Priest Shadura, in a letter, talks about his reasoning for letting 2 young girls get married before the respectable age of 16. He does not say who they married, but  says the girls were: Ekaterina Mishakoff age 14 and  Olga Vaiudulchik age 15 of Kenai. He says he let the girls get married because they already had children and because the girls parents gave permission for them to marry.

Matt Hute, a white man, wanted to marry a young girl that will not become 16 until 1912.  Priest Shadura tells him he must wait.


The Kenai church has one priest and one song leader. The priest receives $900 a year from the church mission fund and the song leader receives $360 a year. 

Priest from 1845-1868 Hegumen Nikolai
Priest from 1881-1886 Hieromonk Nikita
Priest from 1888-1892 Nikolai Mitropol'skii
Priest from 1893-1897 Aleksander Iaroshevich
Priest from 1897-1907 Ioann Bortnovskii
Priest from 1907 to 1917 Paul Shadura

Song Leader from 1845-1853 Stefan Sorokovikov
Song Leader from 1853-1870 Makarii Ivanov
Song Leader from 1870-1875 Ffedor Demidov
Song Leader from 1875-1887 Nikolai Sorokovikov
Song Leader from 1887-1902 Aleksei Ivanov
Song Leader from 1902-1905 Aleksander Deikar
Song Leader from 1905-1912 A. Demidov
Song Leader from 1912-1917 Nikolai [Konstantin?] Sorokovikov


Pavel [Paul] Shadura, came to Alaska in 1900. At first he worked as a song leader then as a deacon on Unga and Kodiak. In 1907 he was ordained as a Priest and assigned to the church in Kenai. Ten years later, Shadura's income came to a halt when the Bolshevik Revolution destroyed the finances of the Russian Church. He had no budget to go on missionary trips to other villages. Shadura's only allowance (from the church) was $300 per year, so he supported his family by fishing and cutting wood for canneries.

Paul Shadura born: 1/15/1875 Minskoy, Russia   died: 5/5/1956 Seattle, Washington
He married: Katherine Hubley, daughter of Isaac Hubley of Nova Scotia and Tatiana Nekrasov, an Aleut.
Katherine Hubley was born 5/2/1882 in Unga, Alaska and died 8/23/1957 in Tacoma, Washington
They married 8/8/1901 in Unga, Alaska
Children: Paul born 1902 in Unalaska
          Tatiana born 1905 in Kenai
          Madge born 1907 in Kenai
          Peter born 1911 in Kenai
          Alexander born 1913 in Kenai
          Isaac born 1918 in Kenai

Nikolai Kalifornskii of Kenai was the church warden (elected by the people instead of appointed by the church).
He was the father of Peter Kalifornsky.

1930’s: Savva Stephan was put in charge of maintaining a chapel at Tyonek.

June 17, 1933 
Tyonek moved to a new village site.  All of the icons, alter etc. had to be re-blessed because they were damaged  and fell down during the earthquake. Old Chief Chickalusion knew how to read Russian and he was teaching Nickefor Alexan (a Tyonek boy) how to read to the church. Nickefor held church services after Chickalusion died.

August 20, 1934 
Priest Shadura took the train to Eklutna Village and cleaned the chapel where church services had not been performed since 1912. He said the chapel had fallen into decay and some items were rotting, while others were already gone because nobody cared for them. He said the Kenaitze were starting to come back to Eklutna and had made some repairs to the chapel such as putting a new roof on and raising the ceiling. He also heard confession from the children from the "industrial orphanage school".



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