Denmark [Kings of]

Denmark [Kings of]



This file is based on the Theroff file on the Kings of Denmark. The line begins with a man called Thorgils Sprakling who had two children: a dau., Gytha, who m.Earl Godwin and was mother of King Harald Godwinson of England, and Ulf Jarl, earl in England, Reichsverweser of Denmark, murdered 1026. He m.Estrid, dau. of King Svend I of Denmark. They had issue:

1.Svend Estridsen, became King of Denmark 1047 (1020-1076); m.1st (div 1052) Gunhild, dau.of Sven Hakonsson Jarl by Holmfrid of Sweden; m.2d Gyda N; m.3d Thora Thorbergsdotter. He also had illegitimate children [x].
1.1. *by 1* Svend, murdered 1097; m.Florine (d.1097) dau.of Duc Eudes I de Bourgogne.
1.2. *by 3* Magnus, d.young.
1.3. *by x* Harald Hen, King of Denmark 1076, d.1080; m.Margareta, dau.of Asbjorn Odanejarl.
1.4. *by x* St. Knud II, King of Denmark 1080, murdered 1086; m.ca 1080 Adele (1065-1115) dau.of Ct Robert of Flanders.
1.4.1. Charles "the Good", Count of Flanders 1119, b.1084, murdered Bruges 1127; m.ca 1119 Marguerite de Clermont.
1.4.2. Cecilie; m.Erik Jarl of Falster.
1.4.3. Ingegerd; m.Folke "the Fat", a Swede; their son Arnold was a contender for the Flemish throne after the death of his uncle Charles.
1.5. *by x* Olaf I Hunger, King of Denmark 1086, d.1095; m.Ingegerd, dau.of King Harald Hardrade of Norway.
1.6. *by x* Erik "the Good". King of Denmark 1095, d.at Cyprus 1103; m.before 1086 Bodil (d.1103) dau.of Thrugot Ulfsen; he also had issue by one or more concubines [x].
1.6.1. *by 1* Knud Lavard, King of South Jutland 1115, King of the Wends 1129, b.1096, murdered 1131; m.ca 1116 Ingeborg, dau.of Gr Pr Mstislaw of Kiev.
1.6.1.1. Waldemar I "the Great" King of Denmark 1157 (1131-1182); m.1157 Sophia (1141-1198) dau.of Pr Wolodar of Minsk; for their descendants, See Part III..
1.6.1.1.1.Knud IV, King of Denmark 1182 (1162-1202); m.1177 Gertrud (d.1197) dau.of Duke Heinrich "the Lion" of Saxony.
1.6.1.1.2.Waldemar II "the Conqueror", King of Denmark 1202 (1170-1241); m.1st 1205 Dagmar=Margareta (d.1212) dau.of King Przemysl Otakar I of Bohemia; m.2d 1214 Berengaria (d.1221) dau.of King Sancho I of Portugal.
1.6.1.1.2.1.Waldemar III, King of Denmark 1215 (1209-1231); m.1229 Eleonora (d.1231) dau.of King Alfonso II of Portugal.
1.6.1.1.2.2.Erik IV "Plough-Penny" King of Denmark 1241, b.1216, murdered 1250; m.1239 Jutta, dau.of Duke Albrecht I of Saxony.
1.6.1.1.2.2.1.Christoffer, d.ca 1250.
1.6.1.1.2.2.2.Knud, d.ca 1250.
1.6.1.1.2.2.3.Sophie, d.1286; m.1260 King Waldemar of Sweden (d.1302).
1.6.1.1.2.2.4.Ingeborg (1244-1287); m.1261 King Magnus IV of Norway (d.1280).
1.6.1.1.2.2.5.Jutta, Abbess of St.Agneta in Roskilde (1246-1284).
1.6.1.1.2.2.6.Agnes, Abbess of St.Agneta in Roskilde (1249-1288/95).
1.6.1.1.2.3.Abel, King of Denmark 1250, k.a.1252; m.1237 Mechtild (d.1288) dau.of Ct Adolf IV of Holstein.
1.6.1.1.2.3.1.Waldemar III, Duke of South Jutland (1238-1257).
1.6.1.1.2.3.2.Erich I, Duke of Schleswig (South Jutland), d.1272; m.1259/60 Margareta (d.1272) dau.of Pr Jaromar II of Rügen.
1.6.1.1.2.3.2.1.Duke Waldemar IV of Schleswig, born about 1272, d.1312; m.1st 1287 Elisabeth (d.ca 1306) dau.of Duke Johann I of Saxe-Lauenburg; m.2d 1306 Anastasia, dau.of Ct Nikolaus I von Schwerin.
1.6.1.1.2.3.2.1.1.Duke Erich II of Schleswig, d.1325; m.1313 Adelheid (d.1349/50) dau.of Ct Heinrich I of Holstein.
1.6.1.1.2.3.2.1.1.1.Duke Waldemar V of Schleswig, anti-King of Denmark 1326/30 (1315-1364); m.Richardis, dau.of Ct Gunzel von Schwerin.
1.6.1.1.2.3.2.1.1.1.1.Duke Heinrich of Schleswig, d.1375; m.1370 Kunigunde N (d.1385).
1.6.1.1.2.3.2.1.1.1.2.Waldemar, d.ca 1364.
1.6.1.1.2.3.2.1.1.2.Heilwig, d.1374; m.shortly before 4 Jun 1340 King Waldemar IV of Denmark (d.1375).
1.6.1.1.2.3.2.1.2. *by x* Abel Waldemarsen; m.Cecilie N.
1.6.1.1.2.3.2.1.2.1.Erik Abelsen, d.ca 1381; m.Katharina Eriksdatter.
1.6.1.1.2.3.2.1.2.1.1.Waldemar Eriksen.
1.6.1.1.2.3.2.1.2.1.2.Abel Eriksen.
1.6.1.1.2.3.2.1.2.1.3.Peter Eriksen, of Solvig; m.Sophie Henriksdatter.
1.6.1.1.2.3.2.1.2.1.3.1.Anne Pedersdatter; m.Mads Goertz.
1.6.1.1.2.3.2.1.2.2.Waldemar Sappi, died 1399, married ? Lisbet Aagesdatter Thott.
1.6.1.1.2.3.2.1.2.2.1.a dau., m.Jon Pedersen Lille (Skram).
1.6.1.1.2.3.2.2.Erik Eriksen "Long-bone", Pr of Langeland (1272-1310); m.1295 Sophie (d.1325) dau.of Ct Burchard VIII von Rosenberg, Burggrave of Magdeburg.
1.6.1.1.2.3.2.3.Margareta, d.after 14 Aug 1313; m.bfore 1287 Ct Helmold III von Schwerin.
1.6.1.1.2.3.3.Abel (1252-1279); m.Mechtild, dau.of Ct Gunzel III von Schwerin.
1.6.1.1.2.3.3.1.Margareta, a nun in Zarrentin, d.1281.
1.6.1.1.2.3.4.Sophie (1240-after 1284); m.1258 Bernhard I, Fuerst von Anhalt-Bernburg (d.1286/7).
1.6.1.1.2.4.Christoph I, King of Denmark 1252 (1219-1259); m.1248 Margareta=Swinislawa (d.1282) dau. of Duke Sambor III of Pomerelia.
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.Erik V Klipping, King of Denmark 1259, b.1249, murdered 1286; m.1273 Agnes (1257=1304) dau.of Mgve Johann I of Brandenburg.
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.1.Erik VI Maendved, King of Denmark 1286 (1274-1319); m.1296 Ingeborg (d.1319) dau.of King Magnus Ladulas of Sweden.
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.1.1.Waldemar, d.1302.
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.1.2.Erik, d.young.
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.1.3.Magnus, d.young.
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.1.4.a son, b.and d.1318.
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.2.Christoph II, King of Denmark 1320-, 1329-32 (1276-1332); m.before 1307 Euphemia (1285-1330) dau.of Duke Boguslaw IV of Pomerania.
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.2.1.Erik (1307-1332); m.1330 Elisabeth, dau.of Ct Heinricof Holstein.
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.2.2.Otto, Duke of Lolland and Estonia.
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.2.3.Waldemar IV Atterdag, King of Denmark 1340 (1320-1375); m.shortly before 4 Jun 1340 Heilwig, dau.of Duke Erich II of Schleswig.
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.2.3.1.Christopher, Duke of Lolland (1341-1363).
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.2.3.2.Waldemar, b.1350, d.young.
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.2.3.3.Margareta (1345-1350).
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.2.3.4.Ingeborg (1347-ca 1370); m.1361/2 Duke Heinrich I of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (d.1383); they were parents of Mary, Dss of Pomerania (1363-1402), mother of King Eric VII of Denmark and Sweden (1382-1459) and grandmother of King Christopher III of Denmark, Sweden and Norway (1416-1448).
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.2.3.5.Katharina, b.1349, d.young.
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.2.3.6.Margareta, Queen of Denmark 1387, of Norway 1388, and of Sweden 1389 (1353-1412); m.1363 King Hakon VI of Norway and Sweden (d.1380).
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.2.3.6.1.Olaf II & IV, King of Denmark 1376 and of Norway 1381 (1370-1387).
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.2.4.Margareta (1305-1340); m.1324 Duke Ludwig V of Bavaria, Mgve of Brandenburg (d.1361).
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.2.5.Agnes, d.1312.
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.2.6.Heilwig.
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.2.7.[illegitimate] Regitze Christoffersdatter; m.Peter Stigsen, of Krapperup.
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.2.8.[illegitimate] Erik Christoffersen; he left descendants extinct in the male line in the 16th century..
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.3.Waldemar, d.1304.
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.4.Richiza, d.ca 1308; m.1291/1301 Nikolaus II, Pr of Werle (d.1316).
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.5.Margareta, d.1341; m.1298 King Birger of Sweden (d.1321).
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.6.Katharina, b.and d.1283.
1.6.1.1.2.4.1.7.Elisabeth, b.and d.1283.
1.6.1.1.2.4.2.Waldemar, d.1259; 2.4.3.Niels, d.young.
1.6.1.1.2.4.4.Mechtild, d.1299/1300; m.ca 1269 Mgve Albrecht III of Brandenburg (d.1300).
1.6.1.1.2.4.5.Margareta, d.1306; m.ca 1276 Ct Johann II of Holstein (d.1321).
1.6.1.1.2.5.Sophie (1217-1247); m.ca 1236 Mgve Johann I of Brandenburg (d.1266).
1.6.1.1.2.6.[illegitimate] Niels I, Ct of Halland, d.1218/9; m.1217/8 Oda, heiress of half of Schwerin, dau.of Ct Gunzel II von Schwerin.
1.6.1.1.2.6.1.Niels II, Ct of Halland (1218-1251); m.Caecilie Johansdotter.
1.6.1.1.2.6.1.1.Niels, d.1271.
1.6.1.1.2.6.1.2.Anders.
1.6.1.1.2.6.1.3.Jakob, Ct of Halland, d.1308.
1.6.1.1.2.6.1.3.1.Niels III, Ct of Halland, murdered 1314.
1.6.1.1.2.6.1.3.2.Waldemar, Ct of Halland, murdered 1314.
1.6.1.1.2.6.1.3.3.Euphemia; m.Henning I von Putbus (d.1351/2).
1.6.1.1.2.6.1.4.Caecilie; m.Tyge Thorstensen.
1.6.1.1.2.7.[illegitimate by Helene Guttormsdotter] Knud, Duke of Estonia, Blekinge and Lolland, d.1260; m.a dau.of Duke Swantepolk of Pomerelia.
1.6.1.1.2.7.1.Erik, Duke of South Jutland, d.1304; m.Elisabeth N.
1.6.1.1.2.7.1.1.Barnum Eriksen, of Skarsholm, d.1328/9; m.a dau.of Peter Trygesen.
1.6.1.1.2.7.1.1.1.Erik Barnumsen, of Skarsholm, d.ca 1369; m.Gertrud, dau.of Peter Grubbe.
1.6.1.1.2.7.1.1.1.1.Knud Eriksen.
1.6.1.1.2.7.1.1.1.2.Barnum Eriksen, of Skarsholm, d.ca 1401; m.before 1378 Edel Jakobsdotter.
1.6.1.1.2.7.1.1.1.2.1.Johanna Barnumsdotter, heiress of Skarsholm, d.ca 1408; m.Hans I von Putbus.
1.6.1.1.2.7.1.1.1.3.Erik Eriksen, d.ca 1402.
1.6.1.1.2.7.1.1.1.4.Ingerd Eriksdotter.
1.6.1.1.2.7.1.1.1.5.Christina Eriksdotter; m.1st Torbern Pederssen; m.2d Gevert Bydelbak.
1.6.1.1.2.7.2.Svantepolk Knudsen (1230-1310); m.before 1253 Benedikta Sunadotter (d.after 1261).
1.6.1.1.2.7.2.1.Knud Svantepolksen.
1.6.1.1.2.7.2.2.Ingeborg, d.ca 1341; m.1st Johann Filipsson (murdered 1280); m.2d Tune Amundsson.
1.6.1.1.2.7.2.3.Katharina, Abess of Vreta, d.1329.
1.6.1.1.2.7.2.4.Ingrid, d.after 1350; m.Folke Algotsson.
1.6.1.1.2.7.2.5.Ingegard Svantepolksdotter, m.1st Brynjolf Bengtsson (Bengt Hafridssons Ätt); m.2d Mattias Törnesson.
1.6.1.1.2.8. an illegitimate dau.
1.6.1.1.3.Sophie (1159-1208); m.1181 Ct Siegfried III von Orlamuende (d.1206).
1.6.1.1.4.Margareta, a nun at Roskilde.
1.6.1.1.5.Maria, a nun at Roskilde.
1.6.1.1.6.Ingeborg (1175-1237/8); m.1193 (repudiated 1193) King Philippe II Auguste of France.
1.6.1.1.7.Helene, d.1123; m.Duke Wilhelm of Saxe-Lauenburg (d.1213).
1.6.1.1.8.Rikissa, d.1220; m.1210 King Erik of Sweden (d.1216).
1.6.1.1.9.[illegitimate] Christoffer, Duke of South Jutland (1150-1173).
1.6.1.2. Margareta; m. Stig Togesen (Hvide).
1.6.1.3. Christina, b.1118; m.1133 King Magnus "the Blind" of Norway (d.1139).
1.6.1.4. Katharina; m.ca 1159 Prislaw of the Wends.
1.6.2. *by x* Harald Kesja, Reichsverweser of Denmark, murdered 1135; m.Ragnhild, dau.of King Harald BearFoot of Norway; he also had illegitimate issue by one or more concubines [x].
1.6.2.1. *by 1* Erik Haraldsen, drowned 1134.
1.6.2.2. *by 1* Bjorn Jernside, drowned 1134; m.Katharina, dau.of King Inge I of Sweden.
1.6.2.2.1.Christina; m.[St.] Erik, King of Sweden (d.1159).
1.6.2.3. *by 1* Magnus Haraldsen, k.a.1134.
1.6.2.4. *by 1* Olaf Haraldsen, anti-King, k.a.1143; he may have been father of King Harald "the Thin" of Sweden.
1.6.2.5. *by 1* Harald Haraldsen, murdered 1135.
1.6.2.6. *by 1* Knud Haraldsen, murdered 1135.
1.6.2.7. *by x* Sivard Haraldsen, murdered 1135.
1.6.2.8. *by x* Erik Haraldsen, murdered 1135.
1.6.2.9. *by x* Svend Haraldsen, murdered 1135.
1.6.2.10. *by x* Niels Haraldsen, murdered 1135.
1.6.2.11. *by x* Benedikt Haraldsen, murdered 1135.
1.6.2.12. *by x* Mistivint Haraldsen, murdered 1135.
1.6.3. *by x* Benedikt.
1.6.4. *by x* Erik II Emun, King of Denmark 1134, d.1137; m.ca 1130 Malmfrid (d.after 1137) dau.of Gr Pr Mstislaw I of Kiev.
1.6.4.1.Svend II, King of Seeland 1147, King of Denmark 1152, murdered 1157; m.ca 1152 Adela, dau.of Ct Konrad "the Great" von Wettin.
1.6.4.1.1.Erik, d.ca 1157.
1.6.4.1.2.Luitgard; m.ca 1180 Ct Berthold V von Andechs, Mgve of Istria.
1.6.5. *by x* Ragnhild; m.Hakon Sunnivasson.
1.6.5.1.Erik III Lam, King of Denmark 1137, d.1146; m.1144 Luitgard, dau.of Ct Rudolf I von Stade.
1.6.5.1.1.[illegitimate] Magnus, living 1178.
1.7. *by x* Svend, d.1104.
1.7.1.Henrik "the Limper", k.a.1134; m.Ingrid (d.after 1161) dau.of Ragnvald Ingersson of Sweden.
1.7.1.1.Magnus, King of Sweden 1160, k.a.1161; m.Brigitta, dau.of King Harald Gille of Norway.
1.7.1.2.Ragnvald, Jarl in Sweden, k.a.1161.
1.7.1.3.Knud, Duke of Jutland, d.1162.
1.7.1.4.Buris, Duke of South Jutland, b.1130, murdered 1167; m.ca 1166 a dau.of Ct Hermann II von Winzenburg.
1.7.1.5.Johann, Jarl in Sweden, d.ca 1161.
1.8. *by x* Niels, King of Denmark 1104, murdered 1134; m.1st ca 1105 Margareta, dau.of King Inge I of Sweden; m.2d Ulvhild, dau.of Hakon Finsson.
1.8.1.Magnus "the Strong", King of Vaestergotland, King of Denmark 1134, b.1106, k.a.1134; m.ca 1127 Richiza (1116-after 1155) dau.of Duke Boleslaw III of Poland.
1.8.1.1.Knud III Magnussen, King of Jutland 1147, co-King of Denmark 1154, murdered 1157; m.1156 a dau.of King Sverker of Sweden.
1.8.1.1.1.[St.]Niels, d.1180.
1.8.1.1.2.Waldemar, Archbishop of Bremen, d.1236.
1.8.1.2.Niels, d.1158.
1.8.2.Inge, d.1121.
1.8.3. *by x* Ingrid; m.before 1117 Ubbe Esbernsen (murdered 1133).
1.9. *by x* Thorgils.
1.10. *by x* Sigurd, k.a.
1.11. *by x* Benedikt, k.a.1086.
1.12. *by x* Bjorn, murdered 1100.
1.13. *by x* Guttorm.
1.14. *by x* Eymund.
1.15. *by x* Ulf.
1.16. *by x* Ragnhild; m.Sven Askelsson of Norway.
1.17. *by x* Helene=Gunhild.
2.Bjorn, Jarl in England, murdered 1049.
2.1.Asmund "Free-booter", k.a.1065.
3.Asbjorn, Jarl in Denmark, d.1086.

Gunhild has the following entry in the danish Dictionary of Biography: "died 1060 at the earliest. Parents: Svend Jarl Haakonsen (died 1016) and Holmfrid Olofsdatter. Married king Svend Estridsen.
   G's father, the Norwegian Svend Jarl Haakonsen, fled to Sweden because of Olav the Dire and sought refuge with his wife's father king Olof Skötkonung. G. therefore grew up in her mother's country, presumably on the wide-ranging estates in Västergötland which belonged to her mother's family. It was also there that she first met Svend Estridsen who in his youth resided with her half-brother, king Anund Jakob. We do not know when G. married Svend. Due to the close family relationship between Svend and Gunhild (her maternal grandfather was a half-brother of Svend's mother) the marriage received great opposition from archbishop Adalbert of Bremen who demanded the marriage be dissolved. At first Svend objected but eventually he conceded partly for political reasons and partly for the intervention of Pope Leo IX. The divorce would have taken effect shortly after 1050. Thereafter G. lived on her Swedish estates... She received about 1060 emissaries from Bremen led by the deacon Adalward the Elder. Her life is otherwise unknown."

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