Nahum Daniels

b. March 8, 1768, Mendon, Massachusetts, d. September 29, 1852, Poland, Herkimer County, New York

The Move West to Fairfield, Herkimer County, New York

1790: 22 year old Nahum the youngest member of the Joseph Daniels family makes the decision to leave the Mendon, Massachusetts area for what became the town of Fairfield, Herkimer County, New York.

Source: History of Herkimer County, N. Benton, p. 357

The move took young Nahum about 230 miles west, northwest of Mendon into the historic Mohawk River Valley and foothills of the Adirondack Mountains of Up State, New York.

Area History

The Mohawk River valley is bounded to the north by the rugged beauty of the Adirondack Mountains and to the south by large hills and valleys running primarily in a north south orientation. The west to east flow of the river and its adjacent topography made the Mohawk River Valley an ideal passageway for land and river travel in upstate New York.

The first wave of European settlers arrived in the area in the 1720ís. The colonial government had negotiated the purchase of the land from the Indians. The first settlers to arrive were a distinct group of German folks from the Lower Palatinate who had first lived along the Hudson River but wanted to move further west, seeking good land for crops and dairy farming distant from previously established settlements. Being the first settlers in the area was not without its risks, however. The French controlled the wilderness areas to the west and the remaining Indian tribes in the area would be the source of trouble in the following years.

In November 1757, the French and Indian War spilled over into the area and brought intense grief to the early settlers. Attacks on the community were severe. Their lives, property, livestock took heavy losses. Again a few years later, major movements and battles of the Revolutionary War would once again scar the people and countryside. Individuals and families who eventually sided with the British during the Revolutionary War held many of the pre-war land grants that had been awarded. Some even organized Loyalist Regiments and recruited Indians to fight against the American Militia & Continental Army. Raids by the loyalist and the indian tribes in the area against the Americans were frequent and brutal. The fertile lands controlled by the loyalists were used to grow crops that were turned over to the British military to feed their troops. After the war, those who sided with the British fled to Canada or elsewhere and all who bore arms against the United States had their lands confiscated. The Indians for the most part departed the area as a result of their support for the British cause. In the convening years the confiscated land was made available for new settlements at very reasonable rates that attracted many from the New England states.
Source: Journals of the Military Expedition of Major General John Sullivan

As the situation stabilized in the years after the war the flow of the first settlers from the New England area began starting in the 1786-87 timeframe. They occupied the lands south and west of what was to become Fairfield Village.

We have no way to know exactly why Nahum decided to leave the Mendon area; however, he was the youngest member of the family and his father, Major Joseph Daniels died when he was just 11 years old. While the Daniels family had been in Mendon since the beginning of the 18th century there seemed to be no real reason for him to remain in the area. Nahumís father had provided him an eleven-acre portion of the family lands in his will. However, it appears that he must have sold the land to a remaining family member prior to his departure to the frontier country of upstate New York. In addition, its unclear but it may have been possible, Major Daniels was posthumously awarded a land grant for his service during the Revolutionary War. (Note: New York Regimental Surgeon Samuel Cooke, Nahumís future wife, Ann Cookeís father, was granted several hundred acres in Virgil in central New York.) If so that may have been a catalyst to his movement to the area.
Source: Goodrich, George B. The Centennial History of the Town of Dryden, 1797-1897

Daniels Ė Smith Country Store - Fairfieldís 1st Store

1790: Nahum and Nathan Smith, both of Massachusetts joined together to open a country store a few miles from the present village of Fairfield on the former farm property of Robert Alexander. In addition to the retail store they also owned a venture that carried on the manufacture of potash that could be used to make soap, bleach textiles or be used in the making of glass.
Source: History of Herkimer County, N. Benton, p. 357-358, Note: G. Hardin's volume p. 304, lists the partner as William Smith, Nathan's brother

Daniels & Smith Sell Store and Relocate

About 1793: Daniels & Smith sold the store to Norman Butler who kept the store in operation for thirty years or more. After the sale, Nathan Smith moved to the Village of Fairfield and opened a store with his brothers William and Samuel while Nahum moved to the Village of Newport a few miles down the road from his Fairfield location.
Source: History of Herkimer County, N. Benton p. 358 (Note the two histories of Herkimer County, one by G. Hardin the other N. Benton, do not agree on the year 1792/93 and 1796 respective, as to when Daniels and Smith sold the store to Norman Butler.)

Nahumís Move to Newport, New York

Bridge & Main Streets, Newport, New York
Click on image to enlarge

Nahum Daniels occupied a building at the corner of Main and Bridge streets, a short distance from the bridge that crossed West Canada Creek.
Source: History of Herkimer County, G. Hardin, p. 406

Nahum Daniels Marries

About 1799 Nahum married Anne Cooke of Poughkeepsie, New York. She was the daughter of Temperance Hodges Cooke and Dr. Samuel Cooke both from Poughkeepsie. Several of Annís siblings, brothers, William Hodges Cooke, George Whitefield Cooke and sister Temperance Cooke had migrated along with William's wife and her brother John Vanderburg to Herkimer County in 1792.
Source: Court records in Herkimer County were destroyed in a fire so we don't know exactly when Nahum and Ann were married, the entry is speculation based on the birth of their first child.

Ann Cooke Daniels' father, Dr. Samuel Cooke of Poughkeepsie, New York served as Surgeon in the Revolutionary War from August 25, 1775 through January 1, 1781. Dr. Cooke served in the 3rd NY, Diary of Major Henry Livingston describes his arrival on September 3, 1775, Elmore's, and the 5th New York Regiments. Samuel died on May 23, 1783 in Poughkeepsie. He was 45 years old.

Annís mother, Temperance Cooke still resided at her Poughkeepsie residence at the time of Ann's marriage to Nahum. Temperance owned and managed large landholdings acquired prior to and after her husband's death. She was granted 1,900 acres of land from the federal government for her's husbands service well after the end of the war.
Source: Revolutionary War Bounty Land Grants Awarded by State Governments, L. Bockstruck

Wife, Ann Cooke Daniels Dies - Son George Cook Daniels is Born

1800, April 7: Ann Cooke Daniels died the day she gave birth to her first child, George Cook Daniels who was to become my 2nd great-grandfather.

Ann Cooke Daniels is buried beside her mother in the Newport Cemetery located behind the 1st Baptist Church, 7497 Main Street, Newport, Herkimer County, New York.

Newport Cemetery, Newport, New York

Nahum Daniels Marries Susan Enos

Nahum married Susan Enos and over the following years had 9 children.

Nahum Purchases Bowen Lot

1806, Nahum purchased a lot from former Rhode Islander, Benjamin Bowen which was later sold to Pardon Pearce.
Source: History of Herkimer County, N. Benton

Usage of Village Names

The histories written by G. Hardin and N. Benton use the name Poland when referencing an area which was known as Danielsville during the time the activities and events actually occurred. I assume they used the current name of Poland so not to confuse readers unfamiliar with the former name. I have chosen to provide a mixture of the use of Danielsville and Poland (as used in the histories) to provide era acurate detail of Nahum Daniels' influence during his life in the area. A quote from the 1824 United States congressional record clearly shows the use of the Danielsville name, "-On motion of Mr. Herkimer, Resolved, That the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads be instructed to inquire into the expediency of establishing a post route from Danielsville, in Russia, Herkimer County, up West Canada Creek Road, by John Graves', to Trenton, in the county of Oneida, in the state of New York".
Source: Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States, Second Session of the 18th Congress, Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads, p. 84

Nahum Acquires Land - Danielsville (Poland)

1808 - 1809 Nahum Daniels purchased a large 2 story house and large farm from Nathan Burwell who was the first blacksmith in Poland who returned to blacksmithing and farming. Also during this period Nahum made a number of land purchases including areas west of Middleville, New York. The place was known as Danielsville for many years.
Source: History of Herkimer County, G. Hardin, p. 439

Other Pioneer Settlers in the Area of Nahum's Home

Among the pioneers of the locality were Nathan Burwell, Samuel Wright, Daniel Swezey, Ebenezer Newman, Michael De Grofif, Jesse Brayton, George Arnold, Uriah and Cornelius Schermerhorn, Silas Beebe, Samuel Giles, Moses Mather, Amos Beebe, James King, William Truman, Samuel Newberry, Jenks Benchley, Daniel Jones, James Trask, John Gorton, James M. Dexter, and the Terry family.
Source: History of Herkimer County, G. Hardin, p. 435

Nahum and two other gentlemen, Stephen Brayton originally from Cheshire, Connecticut and fellow Massachusetts native, Levi Bowen continued to make large land purchases. It is reported that the 3 men owned all the land between Canada Creek (Newport Village) and the western edge of Herkimer County
Source: Glimpse in Passing Newport N.Y. 1791 - 1991

Nahum Daniels - Poland Merchant

The first store in Poland was built and kept by Samuel Wright. Other merchants who succeeded Mr. Wright were Nahum Daniels, Samuel Giles and others.
Source: History of Herkimer County, G. Hardin, p. 439

1839 Map of Middleville, Newport, & Poland, Herkimer County, New York
Canada River and Western County Line
Click on image to enlarge

Town Profiles as published in the History of Herkimer County

Daniels Brother's Reunite in Herkimer County

1809, After serving in the Revolutionary War Nahum's older brother Eleazer moved from Mendon, Massachusetts to Franklin, Massachusetts, then to Bedford, Westchester County, New York) and finally arrived in Newport, New York in 1809.
Source: Court Record Signed June 2, 1835 (Declaration for a Revolutionary War Pension(. The 1810 Newport census also lists Eleazer 23 year old son Eleazer Jr., his wife and two young children.

Nahum Marries Susan Enos

1810 Census reports Nahum Daniels and Susan Enos Daniels living in Newport, New York.

Son George Cook Daniels Leaves the Family Home

1820: 20 year old George Daniels moved from his family's home in the Danielsville, (Poland), New York area to Hammond, Saint Lawrence County, New York. Located 120 miles to the north of Danielsville, (Poland) is adjacent to the St. Lawrence river a major route to the Great Lakes. An early map shows his property in district 12 south of the village in 1820. In the years following his mother's (Ann Cook Daniels) death George's father married Susan Enos and by 1820 George had 8 step sisters and brothers.

Post Office Established Danielville Name Changed to Poland

1838 A post office was established at Poland. Joseph Benchley was its first postmaster. Post Master Benchley observed that postal employees often misdirected mail destined for Danielsville with the Dansville, N. Y. located in southern Livingston county so Benchley decided to change the name of the post office location to Poland, from the fact that Poland in Europe is in the southwest part of Russia.
Source: History of Herkimer County, G. Hardin, p. 440

Nahum Signs Declaration

1848, October 27: Nahum, now 80 years old, signed an avadavat on behalf of his sister-in-law, Mary, so she would continue to receive Eleazer's Revolutionary War pension benefits now that he had died.

Click on image to enlarge

This document (page 1 of 2) provided the link between Nahum Daniels of Herkimer County and Nahum Daniels of Mendon, Massachusetts. This is the only known record that ties Nahum Daniels of Herkimer County, New York to the well documented Daniels of Mendon, Massachusetts.
The link was established after a personal visit to the Herkimer county area in particular to the grave of Eleazer Daniels where a Revolutionary War flag holder was commemorating his service. The next step was to review pension files which led to the establishment of a genealogical fact.

Nahum Daniels Dies

1852, September 27: 84 year old Nahum Daniels dies.

Susan Enos Daniels Dies

1858, July 10: 74 year old Susan Enos Daniels dies.

Nahum and Susan Enos Daniels are buried in Poland Cemetery, Poland, Herkimer County, New York.


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