This web page has been created by me, a descendant of Angus McLean and Mary Sinclair, and is dedicated to my cousin, Donald W. MacLean, as a tribute to his many years of research into our MacLean family tree.
Thank you Donald.
Ottawa, Ontario September 2000
"Angus and Mary"
ANGUS MacLEAN AND MARY SINCLAIR
Scottish Pioneers to Restigouche County,
New Brunswick, Canada
THEIR BACKGROUND AND THEIR FAMILY
Donald W. MacLean
A genealogical research report
Donald W. MacLean
30 Parkside Drive
Fredericton, New Brunswick
1978 (1993 Revision)
In 1978, when I wrote the initial report about my great-great grandparents, Angus MacLean and Mary Sinclair, I was still unaware of where she originated in Scotland. At the suggestion of Robert Fellows of the New Brunswick Provincial Archives, I sent a copy of the report to the Genealogical Department of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in Salt Lake City, Utah. On receiving the report, Mr. D. J. Hunter of the Department sent me a Computer File index record of the marriage of Mary Sinclair and Angus MacLean. Encouraged by that record, I asked the Scots Ancestry Research Society of Edinburgh, Scotland to undertake further research. That research resulted in the discovery of the records of Mary's birth and the births of Neil and John, the two eldest children of Mary and Angus.
Increased availability of land records at our Provincial Archives enabled me to correct several errors which I made in 1978. And results of research by other descendants of Angus and Mary added to the information which that first report had contained. The late Earl A. McNeish of Campbellton, N. B., grandson of their son, provided me with data about most of the family of his grandfather. During a sojourn as Senior Base Champlain (Protestant) at G.F.B. Valcartier, Rev. Robert MacLean added to data I had gleaned from records of St. Andrews Presbyterian Church in Quebec City. And by 1985, I had gathered additional data about births, marriages and deaths. That year a major revision of the report incorporated all information available to me at the time. A second revision in 1988 was minor.
This third revision contains further information about members of the family of Angus and Mary and additional statistical data are provided by the Family Group Sheets which are appended.
As a child and as a youth at Black Point, Restigouche County, I talked about family origins with my grandfather, David MacLean (1854-1929), and my father, Neil Wilford MacLean (1884-1936). With the passing years, my memory of these conversations dimmed, but I remembered a few facts. Our paternal pioneer MacLean ancestor was my grandfather's grandfather, Angus MacLean, a native of the Isle of Mull. Early in the last century, he and three of his brothers had emigrated to British North America. Angus had settled in Quebec with his family and moved within a few years to New Brunswick. The other brothers emigrated to different areas - one to Canada West, one to Nova Scotia, and I believe the third went to Prince Edward Island.
I also remembered that Angus and his wife had four sons. I knew that my great grandfather was Angus Jr. and that he had an older brother John. Then in 1967, 1 was reminded by the late Leonard MacLean of Perth Amboy, New Jersey that one of the sons was named Neil and that there was a daughter, Elizabeth.
In 1972, I was transferred from Chalk River, Ontario to Fredericton and I began seriously to research family history through records available at the New Brunswick Provincial Archives. It soon became clear that Angus MacLean Sr. and his wife were among the earliest Scottish pioneers to settle along the New Brunswick shore of Chaleur Bay. Census data shows him coming to New Brunswick in 1814 and son John in 1815 (16). Presumably, Angus came the first year alone, bringing his family with him the second year. But Quebec records of births and deaths of a daughter Agnes and a son Daniel between November 1815 and March 1819 point out that the tie with the City of Quebec was not severed for some years (9). Permanent residence in New Brunswick was probably established by about 1820 as daughter Elizabeth was born here about 1823 (17).
At this point, some explanation of my spelling of the family name would seem desirable. On the Isle of Mull, it was MacLean but sometime before 1850 the family, like most Highland Scots, began to abbreviate the patronymic prefix to Mc. Then by 1913, a return to the Mac spelling had been initiated by my own branch of the family at least. To simplify matters, I have used a Mc spelling for the second generation, that is Neil, John, Angus Jr. and Elizabeth, and Mac for the family of Angus Jr. regardless of the way an individual may have spelled our name.
ANGUS AND MARY
In September 1831, Angus MacLean Sr. obtained the grant to 200 acre Lot 9 at Black Land in the Parish of Addington, County of Gloucester. (Restigouche County was not established until 1837). In his land petition dated March 24 1831, he stated that he had cleared about 15 acres and had built a house and barn (10). (Today Lot 9 is located just within the eastern boundary of the Village of Charlo).
A deed dated October 14, 1834 (11), records the sale of all but two acres of Lot 9 by Angus MacLean Sr. and his wife Mary Sinclair to Angus MacLean Jr. for 200 pounds New Brunswick money. That was a large sum of money for the time. It represented much more than the going rate for a 200 acre farm and one may presume that substantial improvements had been made to the property. Finding that deed was a major step forward as it was the first record I found which provided the name of my great great grandmother MacLean.
The 1851 census (17) for the Parish of Colburne, Restigouche County, lists Angus MacLean Sr. as a widower, 77 (74?) years of age, residing at Black Land in the home of John Murchie and his wife Mary MacMillan. Census ages are only approximations. But with that information, the name of his wife and the names of his children, a request was made to the Scots Ancestry Research Society, Edinburgh to have research done to try and define his origin.
In Scotland previous to 1855, births and marriages were voluntarily recorded by the ministers in parochial registers. And on Mull, there are three parishes (5). The Parish of Kilninian and Kilmore includes the Island north of Loch na Keal. Southwestern Mull, including the Ross of Mull peninsula, is the Parish of Kilfinichen and Kilvickeon. Eastern Mull is the Parish of Torosay.
No record was found of the marriage of Angus MacLean and Mary Sinclair or the birth of any of their children. And with respect to a search for information about the birth of Angus, only the Parish of Kilninian and Kilmore had more than scattered birth records for the 1770's and the Parish of Kilfinichen and Kilvickeon had none before 1804. One record for an Angus MacLean was found for Kilninian and Kilmore. It was as follows:
29th July 1777, Lauchland MacLean and Mary MacIlphadrig in Langamul had their son Angus baptized
Three other children born to Lauchlin and his wife Mary were recorded as Katherine, Marion and Allan. As the names Lauchlin, Katherine, Marion and Allan were not used by the family of Angus the Restigouche pioneer, it was obvious that he came from another family.
In September 1975; I met the late Mr. Duncan MacQuarrie, Gaelic authority and member of the Mull Historical Society. He told me that the name Angus had been used rarely by the Macleans of Mull.
That surprised me as Angus was a common MacLean name of this continent during the last century. Mr. MacQuarrie further stated that the use of the name Neil was generally restricted to certain groups of the Clan Maclean. He suggested that a Mull family using both Angus and Neil would have been from the Ross of Mull. And Mr. MacQuarrie referred me to another MacLean authority, Rev. Donald Maclean of Dochgarroch, Chief of the 'Macleans of the North", a segment of the Clan McLaine. Rev. Mr. Maclean agreed with Mr. MacQuarrie about the name Angus but suggested the possibility of a Coll or Tiree origin for Angus the pioneer. Because of the proximity of those islands to Mull, it seemed possible that Angus might have been born on one of them and moved to Mull before emigrating to North America. Thus I requested the Scots Ancestry Research Society to search the parish registers for Coll and Tiree for a record of the birth of Angus or the marriage of Angus and Mary. For the years in question, those parish registers are comprehensive but the search did not reveal any relevant record.
I kept Mr. McQuarrie informed of my investigations and during a May 1977 discussion with him, lie suggested that Angus was probably a member of a family that lived near an old chapel (Kilvickeon) on the Ross of Mull. And he informed me of a 1779 census which might provide a record of him. Because of their support of the Stewarts, the MacLeans had lost most of their lands on Mull, Coll, Tiree and Ardgour to the Campbells in the late 1600's. And that 1779 census (3) was carried out on the instructions of the Duke of Argyll. I located a copy at the National Library for Scotland in Edinburgh. Mr. MacQuarrie was right and a long search was finally on its way to a successful conclusion.
The listing for Kilvickeon included the following which was perhaps a family group:
John MacLean 80
His wife and daughter
Archibald MacLean 34
John his son 12
His wife and daughter
Neil MacLean 36
John his son 12
Charles his son 6
Donald his son 3
Angus his son 1
His wife and daughter
The evidence is overwhelming that this is the relevant record of the family of Angus Sr.
(1) The Highland families were generally consistent in the use of given names. The eldest son was usually named for the paternal grandfather. And the first born son of Angus and Mary was Neil.
(2) In 1779, the Argyll Estate included most of Mull (3A, map). When the census of that year is combined with the old parish register for Kilninian and Kilmore, the coverage of Mull where the child Angus might have lived is believed to be complete. The lands of the Clan MacLaine of Lochbuie were not included but it is highly unlikely that this is of any significance.
(3) Angus Sr. had a least three brothers and the Langamul Angus had only one.
Kilvickeon is south of Loch Assapol, a few miles from the village of Bunessan. According to MacCormick (4), it was once the centre of a large population, but the community was abandoned many years ago. In 1979, my wife and I visited the area with Mrs. Barbara (MacLean) McHarg. The ruins of the old chapel, dating from medieval times, are still evident. The cemetery remained in use after the chapel was abandoned. But the inscriptions on many of the monuments can no longer be deciphered and we failed to add to our information.
It is unlikely that the identity of the mother of Angus Sr. can be determined. Female names are included for much of the 1779 census of the Argyll Estate and in accordance with Highland custom wives were listed by their maiden names. But unfortunately, the Chamberlain of the Duke of Argyll on Mull did not require the names of females to be listed. The 1978 version of this report suggested that the identity of the mother of Angus might be provided by a 1792 census of the Argyll Estate or by a will. Those hopes have proven false. The census is still extant at the Argyll Estates Office but it has turned out to be merely a head count. And no will for Neil MacLean of Kilvickeon is included in a collection of MacLean wills, dating between 1750 and 1850, which may be seen at Breacachadh Castle, Isle of Coll, by subscribers to the Society of West Highland and Island Historical Research.
It is perhaps worth noting here that the name Angus probably came to the MacLeans of Kilvickeon from the Clan of Lochbuie which by the 1770's had changed the spelling of their name to MacLaine. Rev. MacLean Sinclair (6) refers to a member of that Clan, Angus of Assapol, living in the late 16 and early 17 hundreds. As Kilvickeon is within a mile of Lock Assapol, he might have been the great grandfather of Angus the pioneer. Also the 1779 census lists an Angus MacLean, age 79, living at Ardchivaig which was within three miles of Kilvickeon. He was perhaps a relative.
Finding the origin of Mary Sinclair was more difficult. I thought it likely that Angus and Mary would have married on Mull or nearby and emigrated to Quebec from one of the Mull ports. The 1779 census does not record any Sinclair on the Duke of Argyll Estate on Mull. But Mrs. Barbara McHarg provided me with data from Three Sinclair families living on the Ross of Mull in the 1820's and 1830's. It seemed that Mary would have been a member of one of them. Sinclairs were numerous on the mainland of Argyll near Mull and on the nearby Island of Tiree. I thought that the Sinclairs on Mull would have come from one of those areas. However, an examination of the several parish registers failed to reveal any record of Mary. The search for her seemed hopeless.
The record of the marriage of Angus MacLean and Mary Sinclair in Glasgow in 1808, provided by the Computer File Index, mentioned in the Foreword, was the breakthrough needed. Subsequent research by the Scots Ancestry Research society provided the following detailed record in the Old Parish Register for Glasgow:
'Angus McLean, dyer in Glasgow and Mary Sinclair resident there married 3rd June 1808 by Mr. John McLaurin, Minister of the Gaelic Chapel in Glasgow".
The Society also discovered birth records for sons Neil and John.
I then requested the Society to search the registers of the four Glasgow Parishes (Glasgow, Gorbals, Govan and Barony) for the years 1779 to 1791 inclusive for the baptisms of children named Mary Sinclair. I was looking especially for a Mary with father named John and mother or sister named Agnes. Some 70 Sinclair baptisms were noted for that period including five girls named Mary. The relevant entry in the Old Parish Register for Glasgow was unmistakable:
John Sinclair, stocking maker, and Susanna Fleckfield a lawful daughter Mary born 8th May. Witnesses John Wright and Archibald Davidson".
Other children born to John and Sussana and noted by the Scots Ancestry Research Society were:
"Agnes born 14th August 1786. Witnesses Daniel Sinclair and Archibald Johnston".
"Archibald born 12 and baptized 20th June 1790 at Dalmarnock (3rd child)".
Three additional children born to John Sinclair and Susannah Fleckfield are noted by the Composite Index of the Old Parish Registers for Scotland available at the Family History Library of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Saint John.
Daniel born January 21, 1793, Parish of Glasgow
John born July 3, 1795, Parish of Glasgow
Francis born October 16, 1797, Parish of Glasgow
I searched the Old Parish Register for Glasgow Parish (City Parish) for the years 1753 to 1767 for the birth and baptismal records of John Sinclair and Susannah Fleckfield. Numerous Sinclair births were recorded during that period including the births of four children named John. None of those records seemed relevant. The order of names of the children of John and Susannah suggest that his parents were likely Archibald and Mary. But none of the four Johns had a parent with either of those names. And I failed to find a birth record of any child named Fleckfield (Flaikfield) in the O.P.R. for Glasgow Parish. The absence of Fleckfield from the 1755 to 1767 birth records for that parish surprised me as the name was common in the Glasgow area in the 17th and 18th centuries. It may now be obsolete.
Some years ago Mrs. Ethel Brown of Paisley, Renfrewshire kindly provided me with numerous data from the Glasgow parishes. Those data include information about Archibald Davidson who witnessed the baptism of my great great grandmother, Mary Sinclair. On June 6, 1782, in Glasgow Parish, he married Jean Fleckfield, no doubt Mary's aunt.
Little is known about the sojourn of Angus, Mary and family in Quebec. Like most members of the Scottish community, They belonged to St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church. And a 1819 record found by Rev. Robert MacLean, relating to the funeral of their son Daniel from the Garrison Chapel, states that Angus was then a commissariat driver. That may suggest an army background.
In New Brunswick, Angus and Mary fished and farmed. Records which are extant suggest that he had a better than ordinary education. She was a woman of extraordinary physical strength. I remember Robert Dutch (1861-1937) speaking of her. (He was a member of a Scots pioneer family and very knowledgeable about the history of the area). Mr. Dutch told of her working side by side with her husband. She could carry a barrel of herring aboard a ship. Few men could.
Some indication of the way Angus and Mary Lived is provided by a record of sale of personal property by Angus to their son John dated March 5, 1835;
"Angus McLean Sr. of Black Land in consideration of 40 pounds to John McLean all stock of cattle and farming utensils, one yoke of oxen both red in colour, names of Buck and Berry, one milk cow, one young bull, one cart and wheels complete, one coatch harrow with iron teeth, one flat boat eighteen feet keel, one vat, one empty puncheon and twelve barrels for curing fish, three barrels salt, four hewn logs of timber, one crosscut saw, one close stove and pipes now remaining and being at my place in Black Land".
Signed Angus MacLean
Angus Sr. is buried in the New Mills cemetery. In the 1930's, the marker on his grave was still standing but it is gone now. Mary is no doubt buried beside her husband although that is not definitely known.
The Isle of Mull
Birthplace of Angus Sr.
FAMILY OF ANGUS SR. AND HIS WIFE MARY
This section includes biographical sketches of the sons and daughters of Angus and Mary. Such information for succeeding generations is limited to the family of Angus Jr. and his wife Margaret, my own branch of the MacLean family.
A substantial amount of statistical data is included in the Family Group Sheets which are appended. They include individual sheets for the families of:
a) Angus Sr. and Mary
b) their sons Neil, John and Angus and daughter Elizabeth
c) Neil son of Neil
d) many of John's family
e) the family of Angus Jr.
Neil (1809- )
Neil was born April 9, 1809 and his birth is recorded in the Old Parish Register for the Parish of Glasgow. He was named for his paternal grandfather, Neil MacLean of the Parish of Kilfinichen and Kilvicheon, Isle of Mull.
The earliest official New Brunswick record of Neil is the 1851 census for the Parish of Addington, Restigouche County. The listing for the family was:
Neil McLean 40 Scotch, farmer, entered Colony 1809 (sic)
Jane his wife 35, Scotch entered Colony 1825, children all born N.B.
Angus 5, and
The location of Neil's farm cannot be determined with certainty from public records as the deed was never registered. But from the order of listing of households in the1851 census, it is evident that his property was in Flat Lands on the Restigouche River some 10 to 12 miles west of Campbellton.
By 1861, the family had moved across the Restigouche River and was farming in Restigouche township, Bonaventure County, Lower Canada (now Quebec). And the 1861 census listing for the family was:
Neil McLean 49, farmer, born Scotland,
Jane, his wife 41, born Scotland,
children all born N.B.
Isabella (sic) 18,
Christiana 8 and
Mary C. 4
The family had returned to New Brunswick by 1871 and was living in Dalhousie Parish, Restigouche County where it is likely that Neil was employed on construction of the Intercolonial Railroad. The family listing in the 1871 census included:
Neil McLean 58, born Quebec (sic),
Jane his wife 54, born Scotland.
Mary C. 18,
William Smith son in law and
For some years it had seemed likely that the above census entries were of Neil, son of Angus and Mary, and his family but it was not until 1991 that this was confirmed.
In a 1967 letter to me, the late Leonard MacLean of Perth Amboy, New Jersey wrote that Neil had gone to the St. John River Valley. That statement resulted from communication with Robert C. Dutch (1861-1937) of New Mills, Restigouche County. Mr. Dutch had grown up on Heron Island, a next-door neighbour of Leonard's great grandfather John, brother of Neil. About 1975, a Fredericton friend, Cordon U. McLean was reading 1890 census records for the State of Maine and he noted a Neil McLean, lumberman born Campbellton (Addington Parish), N. B. in 1845. Neil was clearly the Neil Jr. noted above from the census of 1851 and 1861. But I could not be certain that Neil his father was the son of Angus and Mary known to Robert Dutch. Doubt was removed by records found at the Town Office in St. Francis, Maine by Neal A. Williams of Greenville, Maine. Those records state that his great grandfather Neil Jr. was born on Heron Island.
It is not known how long Neil Sr. and Jane lived on Heron Island or how many of their children were born there. But while on the Island, it is likely that he was employed at ship building. That industry, which thrived there for a few decades, was established by Alexander and George Dutch who had emigrated from the Tay Valley in Scotland in 1826.
Neil Jr., accompanied by his brother James, moved to St. Francis, Maine sometime between 1861 and his marriage in 1866. Neil became a prominent lumberman and mill owner. McLean Mountain near St. Francis is named for him.
Neil Sr., Jane and family had left Restigouche County by 1881 as none of them are recorded in the census of that year. It is not known if Neil and Jane were accompanied by any of their children when they moved to Maine to join Neil Jr. Jane lived there until her death in 1913 but the date of the death of Neil Sr. is unknown.
In 1992, forebears and siblings of Neil Jr. and the children of Neil and his wife Mary Henderson were recorded by Nell A. Williams and accepted for the Ancestral File of the Family History Department of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
In accordance with custom, John the second son was named for his maternal grandfather, John Sinclair. His birth on March 11, 1811 is recorded in the Old Parish Register for Glasgow and witnessed by John Sinclair, perhaps his grandfather, and Daniel Kennedy.
On March 5, 1834, John married Mary Millar who was born in Scotland about 1810. And on October 20, 1834, he purchased from his brother Angus Jr. and sister in law, Margaret the eastern half of the family homestead in Black Land for 100 pounds New Brunswick money. About a year later, on October 1, 1835, John and Mary sold that property for the same price to John Hamilton Sr., a Dalhousie entrepreneur. They then moved to Heron Island in Chaleur Bay to occupy Lots 3 and 4 which had been granted to William Hamilton (l8ll-l887) of Dalhousie, son of John Hamilton Sr. The five children of John and Mary were born there.
There was a tradition that William Hamilton was Mary's uncle. That seems unlikely. The Hamiltons were from the Isle of Arran and according to the Old Parish Register for Kilbride Parish Arran, the Hon. William's eldest sibling was his sister Elizabeth who was not born until 1799. And there is no record of Mary's birth in the Old Parish Registers for Arran.
During the winter months, the residents of Heron Island travelled to and from the mainland on the ice. In attempting such a journey, Mary perished in February 1864. In March of the following year, John married Jessie Anderson a native of Scotland who was from a pioneer family of New Richmond, Bonaventure County, Quebec.
It would seem that for many years the Hon. William Hamilton remained the owner of the 117 acres of Lots 3 and 4 where John and his family lived. It was not until October 1878 that John purchased those lots from William and his wife Jane for the sum of four hundred dollars (12).
In his will dated June 15, 1883, John bequeathed his lands, cattle, horses, sheep and personal effects to his wife Jessie during her lifetime. On her death, their daughter Elizabeth was to inherit the western one third of the land, their son David the centre third and their son Thomas the eastern third. From references in the will, it is clear that all members of the first and second families were alive at the time it was written. John's will was probated February 25, 1884 with his son David acting as executor (18).
The appended Family Group Sheets for members of John's family were prepared in 1982 by his grandson the late Earl McNeish of Campbellton, New Brunswick.
Angus Jr. (1813-1880)
Angus was born in Quebec City on November 9, 1815 and he was baptized five days later in St. Andrews Presbyterian Church.
On April 13, 1834, Angus married Margaret Hamilton a daughter of John Hamilton and Catherine Kennedy who had emigrated from the Isle of Arran in 1829 and settled at Black Land within a mile of the MacLean homestead. Initially, Angus and Margaret lived on the western half of the Lot 9 in Black Land which he had purchased from his parents. On April 12, 1837, they sold that property for 45 pounds to Hugh McKenzie who was married to her sister Catherine Ann (11). Then on April 18, 1839, for the sum of 60 pounds, Angus purchased from James McPherson Jr. 208 acre Lot 1 of the Black Land Estate granted to James McPherson Sr. (12). That property, a short distance closer to Dalhousie, became the permanent home of the family.
Like his father, Angus was a fisherman as well as a farmer and the 1861 census states that he had employed two persons the previous year.
Margaret died in 1859. She is buried in the New Mills Cemetery and the monument on her grave is still in good condition. On May 10, 1860, Angus married Janet McIntyre, a native of Scotland. They had no family.
In September 1880, Angus died of a stroke while at dinner. He too is buried in the New Mills Cemetery. The monument on his grave was standing in the 1930's but it has disappeared. There was a picture of him in my parents home. He was clean shaven, well built and of medium height.
Agnes was named after her mother's sister. She is buried in the Mount Herman Cemetery near St. Mathew's Anglican Church in Quebec.
Daniel lived less than six months. Like his sister Agnes, he was born and buried in Quebec.
Elizabeth (c1823- )
Elizabeth was born about 1823. As far as we know, she was the only child of Angus and Mary to be born in New Brunswick. On November 5, 1846, Elizabeth married John Nichol who had emigrated to New Mills with his parents from the Isle of Arran in 1829. Elizabeth and John homesteaded on Lot 8 in the second concession at Charlo and John obtained the grant to that property in August 1855. He and Elizabeth lived and farmed there most of their lives. But on July 29, 1890, they sold their farm to William McNair and moved with their family to Marinette, Wisconsin. It is likely that Elizabeth died there before 1896 as the listing for the family in the 1895 census for Marinette includes only John and sons Angus and James. (I am indebted to Thelma F.Christiansen of a Marinette genealogical society for that information).
FAMILY OF ANGUS JR.
AND HIS WIFE MARGARET
Margaret never married. She is buried beside her mother in the New Mills Cemetery.
Following her marriage in 1859, Mary lived with her husband Robert Miller at Black Land. On September 13, 1870, he purchased for 80 pounds, 104 acres, the eastern half of the MacLean farm, from her father Angus Jr. and his second wife Janet. Mary and Robert lived there the remainder of their lives.
Angus farmed and taught school and he was noted for his mathematical skills. Following their marriage, he and his wife Emeline Miller lived in Black Land for a few years. On October 31, 1863, Angus obtained for 50 pounds New Brunswick money 100 acre Lot T in Archibald Settlement (then Louison Brook Settlement), Parish of Durham, from Fidele Lapointe. On August 5, 1869, he obtained near-by 90 acre Lot 158 from William Bernard for the sum of five pounds. About 1881, the family moved to Marinette, Wisconsin. After a year or two, they returned to their home in Archibald Settlement where Angus arid Emeline remained until they died.
William (c1841 - )
William was apparently named after William Hamilton, a brother of his mother. He is listed in the 1851 census but I found no other record of him. I remember my grandfather telling me that two of his brothers had died as children. Hugh was one and it would seem likely that William was the other. It is, however, possible that there was a child for whom I have no record.
John was a shoemaker and farmer. He resided most of his life on the family farm. Following the death of his father, his family he acquired the western half of Lot 1 of the Black Land estate and that property remains in the MacLean family today. Most of the large family of John and his wife Elizabeth died young of tuberculosis.
The 1861 census lists Daniel and the younger members of the family as "scholars". He was still living at the family home in 1871. By 1877, he and his wife Mary Black were in Sunnyside, back of Archibald Settlement, where he had cleared two acres of Lot 16, Range 2. Daniel farmed and lumbered and on April 5, 1883, he obtained the grant to the lot which he and his family had homesteaded.
Daniel was deaf as a result of a blow to the head he received in school from a teacher. He and his wife Mary have no living descendants.
Neil was a man of exceptional strength. He worked as a logger doing the work and receiving the pay of two normal men. He died of an illness which followed an injury he received at work. He left his personal effects to his brother, my grandfather David. When my father Neil Wilford MacLean lost his life in 1936, I inherited the silver key-wind watch and chain. In 1992, with the concurrence of my son Neil Charles Macey MacLean of Saint John, I presented them to the Restigouche County Museum at Dalhousie.
Elizabeth met her husband, John Cochrane of New Richmond, Bonaventure County, Quebec, while he was working on construction of the Intercolonial Railroad. Following their marriage, they lived initially at Black Land. By 1875, they were farming in New Richmond. Following John's death in 1924, Elizabeth lived with her daughter Alice and son-in-law Irvine Campbell at Richardsville, now part of Campbellton. Elizabeth and John are buried in the United Church Cemetery in New Richmond.
It is evident that James was named for his mother's elder brother, James Hamilton. Before his marriage, he apparently had a sojourn in Archibald Settlement as a deed dated May 17, 1875 records his sale of 100 acre lot there to Robert Conacher. By autumn, he was back in Black Land. On October 19, 1875 he received from his father Angus Jr. and his father's second wife Janet, in return for the promise of care and sustenance, the western half of Lot 1 of the Black Land Estate together with a lot granted to Archibald Cook which Angus Jr. had purchased in 1873 from Hon. John McMillan. On June 27, 1876, James resold those properties to his father for 120 dollars. At the time of his father's death in 1880, James and his family were living in Marinette, Wisconsin. By October 1883, they were back in Restigouche County and James was seeking permission to settle on Lot 4, Range 2 in Sunnyside. James farmed and lumbered and in March 1887, he obtained title to the lot which he had homesteaded.
David was a farmer and a carpenter and he had a good basic education. In his youth, he worked on the construction of the Intercolonial Railroad. Late in life, he built and operated a general store.
On April 10, 1878, David's father, Angus Jr. and his stepmother, Janet transferred to him the western half of the MacLean farm (104 acres) in return for the promise of care and sustenance. On February 9, 1880, David purchased from his father, for 300 dollars, clear title to the western 52 acres of that Black Land estate lot and the eastern half of the Archibald Cook lot. On September 10, 1880, David and his wife, Catherine Cook, returned to his father the eastern half of the property transferred to him in 1878. And on October 1, 1881, David and Catherine sold to Elizabeth, wife of his brother John, the property purchased from his father in 1880. Then on October 7, 1881, David purchased from William Winton and his wife Isabella, for six hundred and fifty dollars, the western half of Lot 19 at Black Point in the Parish of Durham. David and Catherine lived there the remainder of their lives. But he also purchased and farmed Lot 65 granted to John McLaughlin and Lot 66, granted to Daniel McAllister, both in the second concession.
When my grandparents wished to speak privately with each other, they spoke Gaelic. Following her death in 1913, he had no one to speak with in the language of his ancestors.
David was 5 feet 10 inches tall and weighed 170 pounds. He was a devout Presbyterian known for his honesty and integrity. He was a very kind and generous grandfather. I have fond memories of him.
David died in 1929 as a result of an injury he suffered some years earlier falling from a load of hay.
Hugh (c1855- )
I have never found an official record of Hugh, the youngest child. He was dead by the time the 1861 census was taken.
The assembly of information for this report was made possible through the advice and help of many persons. They included distinguished members of the historical and genealogical communities in Scotland, genealogical authorities on this continent and relatives.
Advice and guidance of the late Duncan M. MacQuarrie M.A. of Tobermory, Isle of Mull was of vital importance. Reviews of my early research by Donald Whyte F.H.G., F.S.G., Kirkliston, Westlothian, then Chairman of the Council of the Scottish Genealogical Society and by Mrs. Barbara (MacLean) McHarg of Troon Ayrshire was also of exceptional value. Helpful guidance was provided by Rev. Donald Maclean of Dochgarroch, Glen Urquhart by Inverness, the late Rev. Dr. t). MacLean Sinclair of Halifax, Nova Scotia and the late Jean MacLean of the Clan Maclean Association, Glasgow.
Dean J. Hunter, the Genealogical Society of Utah, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah, furnished crucial data. Information about records was provided by Donald MacRae, author and historian of Glasgow, and Murdo MacDonald, Archivist, Argyll Estates Office, Inverary, Argyll. And data were obtained in Glasgow by Mrs. Ethel Brown of Paisley, member of the Glasgow and West of Scotland Family History Society.
Results of their own research was kindly provided by the late Earl A. McNeish, Campbellton, New Brunswick; the late Leonard MacLean, Perth Amboy, New Jersey; Rev. Robert A. B. MacLean, Bedford, Nova Scotia; Mrs. Leslie (Eva) Miller, Charlo, New Brunswick; the late Mrs. Jackson (Mildred) MacLean, R. R. 2, Nash Creek (Archibald Settlement), New Brunswick; and Neal A. Williams, Grenville, Maine.
I was spared many hours of research by information about Restigouche County pioneers from George H. Cook, Saint John, New Brunswick and Mrs. H. B. (Margaret) Loeffelbein, Shingle Springs, California.
Numerous research investigations were undertaken for me by the Scots Ancestry Research Society, Edinburgh, Scotland. I received valuable guidance from Archivists at the New Brunswick Provincial Archives, especially Robert Fellows and Ruth Grattan. And I was able to study Scottish records at the Family History Library of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Saint John, New Brunswick. Mrs. Laura Bursey, the Library Director, was especially helpful.
My thanks to all.
Donald W. MacLean
(1) Black, George F., Ph.D. 1946. The Surnames of Scotland, their Origin, Meaning and History. New York Public Library, New York. 838 p.
(2) Cook, George H. 1977. Memorial to the Arran Clearances. Private publication by the author, Saint John, N. B. 77 p.
(3) Cregeen, Eric R., M.A. Editor. 1963. Inhabitants of the Argyll Estate, 1779. Scottish Record Society, Edinburgh.
(3A) Cregeen, Eric R., M.A. Editor. 1964. Argyll Estate Instructions Mull, Morvern and Tiree, 1771-1805. Scottish History Society, Edinburgh.
(4) MacCormick, John. 1923. The Island of Mull, Its History, Scenesand Legends. Alex MacLaren and Sons, Glasgow.
(5) MacNab, P.A. 1970. The Isle of Mull. David and Charles, Newton Abott, U.K. and Vancouver, B.C.
(6) Sinclair, Rev. A. Maclean. 1899. The Clan Gillean. Hazard and Moore, Charlottetown.
(7) Baptisms, Deaths and Marriages, Zion United Church, New Mills, N.B., 1889-1955. At Provincial Archives, Fredericton, N. B.
(8) Baptisms - Presbyterian Church, New Mills, N.B., 1858-1885.AtArchives, Pine Hill Divinity College, Halifax, N.S.
(9) Birth, Marriage and Death Records, St. Andrews Presbyterian Church, Quebec City, 1770-1829. At Archives of Canada, Ottawa.
(10) Land Petitions, Gloucester County, N.B. At Provincial Archives, Fredericton, N.B.
(11) Land Registry Records, Gloucester County, N.B. At Provincial Archives, Fredericton, N.B.
(12) Land Registry Records, Restigouche County, N.B. At Provincial Archives, Fredericton, N.B.
(13) Marriages, Gloucester County, N.B., 1832-1837. At ProvincialArchives, Fredericton, N.B.
(14) Marriages, Restigouche County, N.B., 1839-1878. At Provincial Archives, Fredericton, N. B.
(15) Old Parochial Registers, County of Argyll, Scotland: Isle of Coll, 1776-1784 and 1800-1810; Isle of Mull Parishes of Kilfinichen and Kilvickeon,, 1806-1812; Kilninian and Kilmore, 1772-1784 and 1806-1812; and Torosay 1806-1812; and Isle of Tiree, 1772-1792; and 1800-1812. At General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh.
(16) Old Parochial Registers, County of Lanark, City of Glasgow, Scotland: Parishes of Barony, Gorbals, Govan, and Glasgow, 1779-1791 and 1808-1812. At General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh.
(16A) Old Parochial Register, County of Bute, Scotland, Parish of Kilbride, 1723-1855. At General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh.
(17) Population Statistics, Restigouche County, N.B., 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881 and 1891. At Provincial Archives, Fredericton, N. B.
(18) Probate Records, Restigouche County, N.B. At ProvincialArchives, Fredericton, N.B.
(19) Births, Marriage and Death Records. St. John's United Church(formerly Presbyterian), Dalhousie, N.B., 1855-1942. At Provincial Archives, Fredericton, N.B.
(20) Population Statistics, Kent County, N. B., 1861. At ProvincialArchives, Fredericton, N. B.
(21) Population Statistics, Bonaventure County, Lower Canada (now Quebec), 1861. At Archives of Canada, Ottawa.
(22) Graham, Eleanor Wilson and Maud Morton, 1978. Mortons Who Came from Kirkcudbright and their Descendants. Private Publication.