ADAMS, John Quincy [1767-1848] -- American politician and statesman, 6° POTUS
United States, POTUS 6
John Quincy Adams
At the age of eleven years he accompanied his father,
John Adams, ¤ to France.
He attended school in Paris, and in 1781 accompanied the American ambassador,
Francis Dana, to Russia as his private secretary.
He returned home in 1785, and entered Harvard College,
where he graduated in 1788.
He then began the study of law with Hon. Theophilus Parsons.
In 1794 he was appointed resident minister to the Netherlands,
and afterwards to Portugal;
but, while on his way to Lisbon,
he received a new commission from his father, then president,
which changed him to Prussia.
In 1797 he was married to Miss Louisa Catherine Johnson.
He returned to America in 1801,
and in 1802 he was elected to the senate of Massachusetts.
In 1803 he was elected to the United States senate,
and resigned his seat in 1806.
In 1809 he was appointed minister plenipotentiary to Russia,
and in 1814 he was placed at the head of the American commissioners
who negotiated the treaty of peace with Great Britain at Ghent.
Mr. Adams was appointed minister to the court of St. James in 1815;
was appointed secretary of state in 1817, and held the office eight years.
Feb. 9, 1825,
he was elected president of the United States by the house of representatives,
the electoral College having failed to make a choice,
and was inaugurated March 4, He was defeated for a re-election,
and on the 4th of March, 1829,
he left the executive chair and retired to private life.
In 1830 he was elected to the house of representatives,
and held the office by re-elections until his death, Feb. 23, 1848,
which occurred in the capitol at Washington in the speaker's room,
two days after falling from his chair in the house of representatives.
His last words were:
This is the end of earth; I am content.
An elaborate history of his life was published in 1875, by his son,
Charles Francis Adams. ¤
He has been called perhaps the greatest secretary of state in American history.
His presidency was not so distinguished.
| Accompanied his father to France |
| Private secretary to Francis Dana, American ambassador to Russia |
| Returned to US, entered Harvard College |
| Graduated Harvard College |
| Appointed resident minister to the Netherlands |
| Married Miss Louisa Catherine Johnson |
| First president to have been married abroad (London) |
| Returned to US |
| Elected to MA Senate |
| Elected to US Senate, but resigned his seat in 1806 |
| Minister plenipotentiary to Russia |
| Headed American commission negotiating the Treaty of Ghent with GB |
| Minister to the court of St James (GB) |
| Appointed secretary of state |
| Negotiates the Transcontinental Treaty with Spain (ratified 1821) |
| First president to be elected by the house of representatives, the electoral college having failed to make a choice. |
| First son of a president to also be elected president |
| 6th POTUS |
| Retires to private life, having failed to win reelection to the presidency |
| Installed the first billiard table in the White House |
| First president to be interviewed by a female reporter |
| US representative from MA -- the only president to be elected to the House after his presidency |
| Begins arguments of the Armistat case before the Supreme Court |
The Bible and Its Teachings Lectures on Rhetoric and Oratory Letters on Freemasonry Lives of Celebrated Statesmen Poems of Religion and Society
Bookmarks (off-site links)
- Son: ¤ADAMS, Charles Francis [1807-1886] American diplomat and author
- Father: ¤ADAMS, John [1735-1826] American politician and statesman, 2° POTUS (2° POTUS)
- Wife: ¤ADAMS, Abigail [1744-1818] American writer, First Lady of the United States, FLOTUS