BORDER REIVER FAMILIES Y-DNA STUDY,                                                                                        
(Results collected from project testing at FTDNA and various Y-DNA Result sources cited below:)  
   
                                        Note ) FTDNA offers a limited number of SNP's downstream from any of their "estimates" of participants' Haplogroup. Other testing See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm Jim Elliott's Discussion of Methods of Analyzing "Deep Ancestry"    
  This is the: BORDER REIVER FAMILIES Y-DNA STUDY: R1b Results Page   organizations presently offer more "in-depth" SNP testing, including additional SNP's "downstream" from the general Haplogroup SNP See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm Jim Elliott's ALL Border Reivers by Surname DNA Study    
  Go To: BORDER REIVER FAMILIES Y-DNA STUDY: I, J, P, R, R1b-subclades Results Page   determinant. Thus, while FTDNA tests R1b only for the presence of SNP=P25+, other companies offer additional downstream SNP's: See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm Jim Elliott's ALL Border Reivers by Haplogroup DNA Study    
  Go To: BORDER REIVER FAMILIES Y-DNA STUDY: Directory Page   DNA Heritage offers a range of SNP's which can be found at: DNA Heritage "Y-SNP Tests"     See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm Whit Athey's Haplogroup Predictor Program  
                                        EthnoAncestry offers a range of SNP's which can be found at:   EthnoAncestry "Product Catalog"     See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm SNP Testing by Ethnoancestry.com  
  See: Elliott and Border Reivers Webpage Elliott and Border Reivers Webpage R1b SNP's Downstream from P25+ include: M73 '=> R1b1b; M269 '=> R1b1c; M37'=> R1b1c1; M65'=> R1b1c2; M126'=> R1b1c3; M153'=> R1b1c4; See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm Summary of public results of R1b and S21 SNP tests, by John McEwan  
  See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm Jim Elliott's ALL Border Reivers by Surname DNA Study M153'=> R1b1c4; M160'=> R1b1c5; M167 (SRY2627)'=> R1b1c6; and S21, which may lead to an additional "R1b1c?" downstream from M269. See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm DNA-Fingerprint.com Advanced DNA testing Laboratory  
  See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm Elliott Surname Results Discussions Anyone interested in SNP's for other Haplotypes, such as C, G, J2, K1, N, P, Q, etc., should consult the various company's additional offerings. See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm DNA-Fingerprint.com The DYS464X (Extended) Test  
  See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm Listing of Border Reiver Surnames Another company, DNA Fingerprint, offers an interesting test of the DYS464a,b,c,d complex which may be of further assistance in researching See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm World Families Network - Y-Haplogroups  
    [Note: The Border Reivers website is a reference, and not necessarily a "standard". Some names known to occur in the "Borders" may not appear on the Reiver Lists.] "Deep Ancestry". See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm DNA-Fingerprint.com The DYS464X (Extended) Test    
    Join the Border Reivers DNA Project !!!  
  See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm Strong, Stronge, Strang, Strange, LeStrange & Armstrong Study  
  See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm mtDNA Results Webpage                  
  See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm Enniskillen and Donegal Bay DNA Results Webpage                    
    [Note: This is a specialized page devoted to DNA studies of certain surnames occuring in the geographic area from Enniskillen, westerly to around Donegal Bay in Ireland.  
    Certain reiver families are known to have been "planted" in this area of Ulster from the Anglo-Scottish border area during the 17th & 18th centuries]      
                                    "Note - On May 19, 2003 FTDNA reassigned the values for 464a,b,c,and d.  
Updated to November 29, 2005:                     Dropping each by one. These results reflect those changes."                                              
FTDNA Locus:           See Donegal Bay 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Locus12-10=result 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25     26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 (Below Loci tested by Relative Genetics and Ancestry; 461 also by dnaheritage.com & genetree.com) by: Oxford Ancestors (Below Loci tested by dnaheritage.com & genetree.com)    
DYS#s= ~ AMH=>           393 390 19/394 391 385a 385b 426 388 439/ YGATAA4 389-1 392 389-2 (389ii-389i)= 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a 464b 464c 464d 464e DYS#s 460 Y-GATA H4 / TAGA-H4 * YCA II a YCA II b 456 607 576 570 CDY a CDY b 442 438 461 462 GGAAT1B07 YGATAA10 YGATAC4 425 4 4 4 4 4 4 DYS#s
                  *   ** **     * / ** ***   ***   **               ** **/*** **/*** **/*** **/*** **               ** ** ** **                 4 4 4 4 5 6  
HG1=~R1b (HT15) Modal Values =>     => 13 24 14 11 (Roper)11= Paleolithic 14 12= HG1 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 (Roper) 16= Paleolithic 16 18 18   <=HG1=> 11 12 19 23             12 12 11 11 10 13 23   1 4 5 6 2 3 <=HG1=>
Estimated Mutation Rates; from
Marker and Mutation Comparisons '=> .0012 .0045 .0016 .0036 .0033 (*) .0005
.0005 .0045 .0021 .0016 .0028   .0066 .0014 (*) .0005 .0005 .0045 .0020 0.0028 0.0075 0.0035 0.0035 0.0035 0.0035     .0028 .0036
.0014 (*)
              .0012 .0028 .0005
.0013 .0045
.0028
              See Marsh:
Est. Mutation Rates from SMGF: Marker and Mutation Comparisons '=> .00111 .0044 .00153 .00316 0.0028   .00027 .00038 .00418 .00218 .00147   .00257 .0058 .00118   .00031 .00023 .00388 .00174 .00236 .00646             .00294 .00304 .00124             .002 .0010 .00231 .00053 .00091 .0038 .00236 .002 .002 .002 .002 .002 .002    
Test By: Results Number: Surname Group: Haplogroup: (Green = SNP Tested) DNA Study Notes: Y-Base / Y-Search links: YSTR Mutation Rates '=> Migration Pattern: 0.0034 0.00403 0.00143 0.0041 0.00292     May mutate in multi-steps?! 0.00204 0.0034 0.00323                               Results Number:       May mutate in multi-steps?!                 Additional Relative Genetics loci. See Rel Gen Reporting Conventions Note, Below:     Results Number:
                                                                                                                         
Armstrong Ancestral Modal Haplotype #1 - R1b =>   13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 19? 10 10 11 11 23 15 19 32 15 15 17 17     11   19   17 15 20 17   38 12 12 11 11 10 14 23                
Armstrong Ancestral Modal Haplotype #2 - R1b   =>   13 24 14 11 11 15 12 12 11 ? 13 13 29 16 19? 10 10 11 11 23 15 19 32 14? 15 17 17     11 11 19 23 ? 17 15 20 17 38? 38 12 12 11 11 10 14 23                
See Clan Armstrong Subsheet:                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                         
Elliott Typical Haplotype #1 - R1b =>   13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17     11 11 19 23 16 16 18 17 39? 41 12 12     10                    
FTDNA 21600 Elliott R1b   YY4QM     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17   YY4QM 11 11 20 23 16 16 17 17 39 39 12 12                         YY4QM
FTDNA 20371 Ellwood R1b   SW4AV     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17   SW4AV                                                 SW4AV
FTDNA 22654 Neely R1b   7A6H7     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 19 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 28 15 15 17 17   7A6H7 11 11 19 23 16 15 16 19 35 35 12 12                         7A6H7
FTDNA 25605 Elliott R1b   T4PZM     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 15 15 17 17   T4PZM 11 12 19 23 17 16 19 19 39 41 14 12                         T4PZM
FTDNA 35552 Elliott R1b   HGYTA   DB 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 30 17 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 15 15 17 17     11 11 19 23 16 16 19 19 39 41 14 12                          
FTDNA 30728 Elliott R1b   A7QTF     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 15 15 17   A7QTF 11 11 19 23 17 15 18 17 39 41 12 12                         A7QTF
FTDNA 20063 Elliott R1b   DCYY3     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17   DCYY3 11 11 19 23 16 16 18 17 40 41 12 12                         DCYY3
  43300 Elliot R1b   84T4Q     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17     11 11 19 23 16 16 18 17 40 41 12 12                          
FTDNA 28865 Elliott R1b mtDNA UZ2YQ     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17   UZ2YQ 11 11 19 23 16 16 18 17 40 41 12 12                         UZ2YQ
FTDNA 32578 Elliott R1b   XV3T8     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17   XV3T8                                                 XV3T8
FTDNA 33855 Elliott R1b   XV3T8     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17   XV3T8 11 11 19 23 16 16 18 17 40 41 12 12                         XV3T8
  39428 Elliott R1b   S2CQ8     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 16 17     11 11 19 23 16 16 18 17 40 40 12 12                          
  N9986 Elliott R1b   T245W     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16                                                                                
  N13584 Elliott R1b   HXCE3     13 24 15 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 16                                                                                
  N13314 Gilchrist R1b         13 24 14 11 11 12 12 12 11 13 13 29 16                                                                                
                                                                                                             
"Red" Elliott Typical Haplotype #2 - R1b =>   13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17     11 11 19 23 16 16 18 17 40 41 ? 12 12     10                    
FTDNA 11670 Elliott (Pryor) R1b mtDNA JCGSM     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17   JCGSM 11 11 19 23 16 16 18 17 39 42 12 12                         JCGSM
FTDNA 22901 Elliott R1b   5U9Q4     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 30 17 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 16 17   5U9Q4 11 11 19 23 16 16 18 17 40 41 12 12                         5U9Q4
FTDNA 19880 Elliott R1b   MCSYP     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17   MCSYP 11 10 19 23 16 16 17 17 40 41 12 12                         MCSYP
FTDNA 21080 Elliott R1b   9MMTE     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 9 11 11 24 15 19 29 15 15 17 17   9MMTE 11 11 19 23 16 16 18 17 40 40 12 12                         9MMTE
FTDNA 37004 Elliott R1b   CBAB6     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 9 11 11 24 15 19 30 15 15 17 17   CBAB6 10 11 19 23 15 15 18 16 37 38 11 12                         CBAB6
FTDNA 27966 Elliott R1b   BJ9EW See Discussions of Elliott Results:   13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17   BJ9EW 11 11 19 23 15 15 18 18 40 40 12 12                         BJ9EW
FTDNA 29787 Pryor R1b   8DYMA   13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17   8DYMA 11 11 19 23 16 16 18 17 39 43 12 12                         8DYMA
FTDNA 29057 Elliott R1b   CESDB     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17   CESDB                                                 CESDB
FTDNA 30593 Elliott R1b   6CVPW     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 16 17   6CVPW                                                 6CVPW
FTDNA 25371 Elliott R1b   JGNQK   DB 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17   JGNQK                                                 JGNQK
FTDNA 38271 Ellwood R1b   HYQRX     13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 15 17   HYQRX 11 11 19 23 16 16 18 17 40 40 12 12                         HYQRX
FTDNA 39956 Elliott R1b   CBB6N Scotland  DB 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16                             CBB6N                                                 CBB6N
FTDNA 32349 Ellwood R1b   JG6GK     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 18   JG6GK 11 11 19 23 16 16 18 17 35 41 12 12                         JG6GK
  39927 Elliott R1b   7GUQV   DB 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 20 30 15 15 16 17                                                      
                                                                                                                         
Elliott Typical Haplotype #3 - R1b =>   13 24 14 11 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17     11 11 19 23 16 16 18 17 39? 41 12 12     10                    
FTDNA 39911 Elliott R1b   WT7NC     13 24 14 11 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 16                             WT7NC                                                 WT7NC
FTDNA 20410 Eliot R1b   2WPTX     13 24 14 11 11 15 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 16 18   2WPTX                                                 2WPTX
FTDNA 35138 Elliott R1b   JBM8N     13 24 14 11 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 16                             JBM8N                                                 JBM8N
  40773 Musgrove R1b   W35JZ     13 24 14 11 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 30 17                                                                                
                                                                                                                         
Elliott Typical Haplotype #4 - R1b =>   13 24 14 11 11 15 12 12 12 12 13 29 17 17 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 15 16     11 11 19 23 16 16 18 17 39? 41 12 12     10                    
FTDNA 19921 Elliott R1b   PEYAA     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 12 13 29 17                             PEYAA                                                 PEYAA
FTDNA 32169 Elliott R1b   73HA8     13 24 14 12 11 15 12 12 12 12 13 29 17 17 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 15 16   73HA8                                                 73HA8
FTDNA 29234 Elliott R1b   2J4KB 69PQD = 2J4KB DB 13 24 14 12 11 15 12 12 12 12 13 29 17 17 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 15 16   2J4KB                                                 2J4KB
FTDNA 26182 Elliott R1b mtDNA PV8VD   DB 13 24 14 12 11 15 12 12 12 12 13 29 17 17 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 15 16   PV8VD 11 11 19 23 15 14 18 16 35 37 12 12                         PV8VD
                                                                                                                     
FTDNA 25221 Thibault R1b mtDNA       13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 16 9 10 11 11 24 14 18 29 15 15 15 17                                                      
FTDNA 24463 Elliott R1b cf: CQ2GJ 4BSF7     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 13 12 14 28 16 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 31 15 15 17 18   4BSF7                                                 4BSF7
GENETREE   Murray R1b   SZMDX Scotland    13 24 14 10 11 15 12 13 11 13 13 29 16       10 10 25 15               SZMDX 12 12 19 19               12 11 12 10 13 26               SZMDX
                 
FTDNA 35692 Elliott R1b   V88M4     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 30 17 19 9 9 11 11 26 15 19 30 15 15 15 15   V88M4 11 10 19 23 15 15 20 17 39 39 12 12                         V88M4
FTDNA 30819 Elliott R1b   B9ZMX     13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 12 13 28 16 19 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 29 15 15 17 17   B9ZMX                                                 B9ZMX
FTDNA 31013 Elliott R1b   26YRN     13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 13 12 13 28 16 18 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 30 15 15 15 17   26YRN                                                 26YRN
FTDNA 29131 Elliott R1b   WTJDF     13 25 14 11 11 13 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 20 30 15 15 16 17   WTJDF                                                 WTJDF
FTDNA 27760 Elliott R1b   VHNF6 VHNF6 =s UDTR5; Note differing test orgs.; same individual   13 25 14 11 11 13 12 12 12 13 14 29 16 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 27 15 16 16 17   VHNF6                                                 VHNF6
REL.GEN. 1994 Elliott R1b   UDTR5   13 25 14 11 11 13 12 12 11 13 14 29 16       10 10 25 15               UDTR5 11 12 19 23               12 12 11 10 13 23               UDTR5
              DB DYS 393 DYS 390 DYS 19/394 DYS 391 DYS 385a DYS 385b DYS 426 DYS 388 DYS 439 DYS 389-1 DYS 392 DYS 389-2 (389ii-389i)= DYS 458 DYS 459a DYS 459b DYS 455 DYS 454 DYS 447 DYS 437 DYS 448 DYS 449 DYS 464a DYS 464b DYS 464c DYS 464d 464e   460 Y-GATA H4 / TAGA-H4 YCA II a YCA II b 456 607 576 570 CDY a CDY b 442 438 461 462 GGAAT1B07 YGATAA10 YGATAC4 425              
                                                                                                                         
Apparent Irvine Ancestral Modal Haplotype #1 - R1b =>   13 24 14 11 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 20 30 15 16 17 17     11 10 19 24 15 15 18 16 36 38 12 12   11                      
Apparent Irvine Modal Haplotype #2 (AMHT) => =>   13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19/20? 30 15 16 16/17? 17     11 10 19 24 15 15 18 16 36 38/39? 12 12 12 11   13   13 12 12 13 11 22 12  
Apparent Irvine Modal Haplotype #3 (AMHT) => =>   13 24 14 10 11 14? 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17     11 11 19 23 15 15 ? 17 ? ? 12 12 12 11   13   13 12 12 13 11 22 12  
See Clan Irvine Subsheet:                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                         
FTDNA   Blair R1b   FWY2T America    13 25 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 12 13 28 16                             FWY2T                                                 FWY2T
FTDNA   Blair R1b   4E8VC Antrim, No.Ireland    13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 10 13 13 30 17 18 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 30 15 15 17 17   4E8VC 10 13 19 22 16           12 12 11 11 10 13 24 13 11 12 12 11 22   4E8VC
FTDNA   Blair R1b   6TXXP Ireland    13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 10 13 13 30 17 18 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 30 15 15 17 17   6TXXP                                                 6TXXP
                                                                                                                         
See Carruthers & Rutherford Septs, Clan Bruce Subsheet:                                                                                                  
FTDNA 26747 Rutherford R1b   CWUVX See Clan Bruce Subsheet:   13 24 14 10 11 16 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17   CWUVX 11 11 19 23 16 15 18 16 36 38 12 12                         CWUVX
FTDNA 24152 Retherford R1b   U5A65   13 25 14 10 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 10 11 11 24 15 20 31 14 15 17 17   U5A65                                                 U5A65
FTDNA 25922 Rutherford R1b   MABHM     13 25 14 11 11 11 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 10 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 15 15 15 16   MABHM                                                 MABHM
FTDNA 22453 Rutherford R1b   NEZZH     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 12 30 17 19 9 9 11 11 25 14 19 31 15 16 16 17   NEZZH                                                 NEZZH
FTDNA 22045 Caruthers R1b   DPY2N See Comparisons: DB 13 24 14 11 11 16 12 12 12 13 13 29 16                             DPY2N                                                 DPY2N
FTDNA 36865 Noble R1b   D64QD Corhanagh, Ire   13 24 14 10 11 13 12 12 12 13 13 30 17 18 9 10 11 11 22 15 19 29 15 15 17 17                                                      
FTDNA 29931 Telford R1b   WC7F3     13 24 14 10 11 12 12 12 13 13 13 30 17 18 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 34 15 16 17 17   WC7F3                                     WC7F3
FTDNA 34621 Kerr R1b   94P27     13 24 14 10 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 30 17                             94P27                                                 94P27
FTDNA 21989 Carruthers R1b   HXARM     13 24 14 11 11 12 12 12 13 13 13 29 16                             HXARM                                                 HXARM
                                                                                                                         
FTDNA   Shankland R1b   ECM3W See Discussion: DB 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 28 15 17 7 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 16 17 18   ECM3W                                                 ECM3W
FTDNA   Shankland R1b   NE69M   DB 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 28 15 17 7 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 16 17 18   NE69M                                                 NE69M
FTDNA   Shankland R1b   U8FZE   DB 13 23 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 28 15 17 7 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 16 17 18   U8FZE                                                 U8FZE
FTDNA 27603 Cook R1b   J97HT     13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 16 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 29 15 15 16 16   J97HT                                     J97HT
FTDNA 33070 Robson R1b   JEZ89     13 24 14 10 11 11 12 12 12 13 13 29 16                             JEZ89                                                 JEZ89
FTDNA 33690 Armstrong R1b   54MAA See Clan Armstrong   13 24 14 10 10 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 16                             54MAA                                                 54MAA
FTDNA 29064 Elliott R1b mtDNA F2UJ3   13 23 14 10 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 17 9 10 11 12 25 15 19 31 15 15 17 18   F2UJ3 11 11 19 23 15 15 18 17 37 39 12 12                         F2UJ3
FTDNA 22732 Elliott R1b   CYCZD     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 7 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 16 17   CYCZD 11 11 19 23 15 15 20 17 37 39 12 12                         CYCZD
                                                                                                             
FTDNA 22571 Strange ? R1b     ENG>US   13 25 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 10 11 11 23 15 19 29 14 15 17 17                                                      
FTDNA 21822 Spence R1b See: KZA9F Compare:   13 25 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16                             KZA9F                                                 KZA9F  
           
FTDNA   Blair R1b   VE6C6 Texas, USA    13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16                             VE6C6                                                 VE6C6
FTDNA   Blair R1b   JASMZ Unknown    13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 27 16 16 17 18   JASMZ 11 11 19 23 15 15 19 16 36 37 11 13                         JASMZ
FTDNA   Blair R1b   EHKZM Ireland    13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 18 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 29 15 16 17 18   EHKZM                                                 EHKZM
FTDNA   Blair R1b   HEDYE Dundee, Scotland    13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 13 12 13 28 16                             HEDYE                                                 HEDYE
FTDNA   Blair R1b   HQK37 Scotland    13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 14 13 13 29 16 17 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 30 15 15 17 17   HQK37 11 13 19 23 16 16 18 18 38 39 12 13                         HQK37
FTDNA   Blair R1b   KFT9X Unknown    13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 14 16 16 17   KFT9X                                                 KFT9X
FTDNA   Blair R1b   QJT4N Scotland    13 26 14 11 12 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 18 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 31 15 16 16 17   QJT4N                                                 QJT4N
FTDNA   Blair R1b   MRMSM Aghadowey, Ireland    13 26 14 11 14 15 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 19 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 31 15 16 16 18   MRMSM                                                 MRMSM
              DB DYS 393 DYS 390 DYS 19/394 DYS 391 DYS 385a DYS 385b DYS 426 DYS 388 DYS 439 DYS 389-1 DYS 392 DYS 389-2 (389ii-389i)= DYS 458 DYS 459a DYS 459b DYS 455 DYS 454 DYS 447 DYS 437 DYS 448 DYS 449 DYS 464a DYS 464b DYS 464c DYS 464d 464e   460 Y-GATA H4 / TAGA-H4 YCA II a YCA II b 456 607 576 570 CDY a CDY b 442 438 461 462 GGAAT1B07 YGATAA10 YGATAC4 425              
           
FTDNA 30875 Laidlaw R1b mtDNA EMWXU     13 22 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 20 31 15 15 16 17   EMWXU 11 11 19 23 16 15 20 19 36 37 12 12                         EMWXU
FTDNA 32945 Duckworth R1b   2FF44     13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 13 14 13 31 17 18 8 10 11 11 24 15 19 31 14 14 17 17   2FF44                                       2FF44
  25541 Bell R1b   RF3HX     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 13 14 13 31 17 17 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 29 15 16 17 18                                                      
FTDNA FYGBF Bell R1b   FYGBF See Comparisons:   13 22 14 11 11 15 12 12 12 13 14 30 17 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 16 17   FYGBF                                                 FYGBF
FTDNA   Hollingworth R1b         13 23 14 11 11 17 12 12 12 13 13 29 16    
                                                                                                                       
See Clan Hall Subsheet:                                                                                          
FTDNA 20857 Hall R1b mtDNA GA5HP     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 16 17   GA5HP 11 11 19 23 16 15 17 18 36 40 11 12                         GA5HP
FTDNA 31044 Hall R1b   N7G67 See Clan Hall Subsheet:   13 24 14 11 11 13 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 19 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 15 17 18   N7G67                                                 N7G67
FTDNA 27698 Waugh R1b   24TD6   13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16
19
9 9 11 11 24 15 19 29 15 15 17 18   24TD6                                                 24TD6
FTDNA 23388 Hall R1b   CSM8N     13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 29 15 15 17 18   CSM8N 11 11 19 23 16 15 18 17 37 38 10 12                         CSM8N  
                                                                                                             
FTDNA 28958 Elliott R1b   EHH65 EHH65=KNAGA   13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 30 16 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 16 16   EHH65                                                 EHH65  
FTDNA FPBXZ Taylor R1b   FPBXZ See Comparisons:   13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 14 13 29 15 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 20 30 15 16 16 18   FPBXZ 10 11 19 23 16 15 18 17 36 38 12 12                         FPBXZ  
  N3529 Taylor R1b   GXQB9     13 23 14 11 11 14 13 12 12 13 13 29 16                             GXQB9                                                 GXQB9  
FTDNA 22117 Taylor R1b   GZ6YB     13 23 14 11 11 14 13 12 12 13 13 29 16 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 31 15 15 17 17   GZ6YB 11 11 19 23 15 15 19 17 38 38 12 13                         GZ6YB  
FTDNA RMBKA White R1b   RMBKA     13 25 14 11 10 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 15 9 10 11 11 24 14 18 29 15 15 17 17   RMBKA                                                 RMBKA  
                                                                                                               
FTDNA 24539 Heron R1b   78E98     13 25 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 14 29 16                             78E98                                                 78E98  
FTDNA 32157 Cunningham R1b   QSEDF   DB 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 13 13 14 29 16                             QSEDF                                                 QSEDF
FTDNA   Murray R1b   PST4Q Scotland    13 25 14 11 11 12 12 12 12 13 14 29 16                             PST4Q                                                 PST4Q
FTDNA 35800 Murray R1b   RA24X     13 25 14 11 11 13 12 12 13 13 14 29 16 17 9 10 11 11 25 14 18 29 15 15 17 17   RA24X 10 11 19 23 15 15 19 17 38 39 12 13                         RA24X
FTDNA   Murray R1b   ZBJNR Ireland    13 25 14 10 11 13 12 12 12 13 14 29 16 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 31 15 15 16 17   ZBJNR 11 10 19 23 17 17 18 17 37 37 12 12                         ZBJNR
FTDNA 30767 Heron R1b   5P8CB     13 25 14 12 11 13 12 12 11 13 14 29 16 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 31 15 16 16 17   5P8CB                                                 5P8CB  
FTDNA 28656 Herron R1b   ZHEVK     13 26 14 11 11 13 12 12 12 13 14 29 16                             ZHEVK                                                 ZHEVK  
FTDNA 31215 Hume R1b   PRTFS     13 25 14 11 11 13 12 12 12 13 15 29 16                             PRTFS                                                 PRTFS  
FTDNA 25445 Watson -   G9K8Y See Comparisons:   13 25 14 11 11 13 12 14 12 13 14 30 17                             G9K8Y                                                 G9K8Y  
FTDNA 22274 Kilpatrick -   RVHXC See Comparisons:   13 25 14 8 10 13 12 12 12 13 14 29 16                             RVHXC                                                 RVHXC  
FTDNA VCBPP Kirkpatrick R1b   VCBPP ", SCT>IRE>US   13
23
14
11
10
14
12
12
13
14
13
31 17                             VCBPP                                                 VCBPP  
FTDNA 6822 Strong R1b   4E0D0 IRE   13 26 14 11 11 12 12 12 12 13 14 29 16 18 9 10 11 11 24 15 18 31 15 16 16 17   4E0D0                                                 4E0D0
FTDNA 31103 Kerr R1b   NTM33     13 24 14 11 11 15 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 16 9 9 11 11 25 15 20 28 15 15 15 15   NTM33                                                 NTM33
FTDNA 31689 Carr R1b   45YX5     13 24 14 11 11 15 12 12 13 13 13 29 16                             45YX5                                                 45YX5
FTDNA 20277 Dixon R1b mtDNA FZCNE     13 26 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 16 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 16 17   FZCNE 11 11 19 19 16 14 17 18 37 38 12 12                         FZCNE  
FTDNA 24164 Dixon R1b   N95YP     13 23 14 11 11 15 12 12 13 14 13 30 16 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 18 29 15 15 16 17   N95YP                                                 N95YP  
FTDNA U7V56 Kirkpatrick R1b   U7V56     13 24 14 11 10 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 18 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 29 15 16 17 18   U7V56                                                 U7V56  
FTDNA 22273 Carr R1b   9AFQB     13 22 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 18 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 29 15 15 17 19   9AFQB 11 11 19 23 15 15 19 19 37 37 11 12                         9AFQB  
FTDNA 34203 Shortridge R1b mtDNA VW93U     13 23 14 11 11 13 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 15 9 10 12 11 24 14 19 29 15 16 18 18   VW93U                                                 VW93U
FTDNA 39130 Wilson R1b   UFVP3     13 24 14 12 11 14 12 13 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 9 11 11 24 15 19 30 18 18 18 18                                                      
FTDNA 21601 Davison R1b mtDNA 2VZ8A     13 24 14 12 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 18 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 30 15 15 17 17   2VZ8A 11 11 19 23 17 15 17 17 37 38 12 12                         2VZ8A  
FTDNA 31964 Gowland R1b   RCTW2     13 22 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16                             RCTW2                                                 RCTW2
FTDNA 26871 Elliott R1b   P25ZJ     13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 29 15 15 17 18   P25ZJ                                                 P25ZJ  
FTDNA   Johnston R1b   D4GCA Scotland    13 24 14 11 12 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 16                             D4GCA                                                 D4GCA  
FTDNA 29102 Penick R1b mtDNA UG6RP England    13 23 14 11 14 14 12 12 11 13 12 28 15 17 9 11 11 11 24 15 19 29 15 16 17 18                                                        
NPG/FTDNA N7327 Johnson R1b   ZERV3 Missouri, USA    13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 28 15                             ZERV3                                                 ZERV3  
FTDNA 10093 Johnson R1b   FMUAC     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 30 17 18 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 17 17   FMUAC                                                 FMUAC  
FTDNA 24150 Weir R1b   CQ2FM     13 24 14 11 13 15 12 12 13 13 13 29 16                             CQ2FM                                                 CQ2FM  
                                                                                                                     
FTDNA 26664 Liddell R1b   UFFCJ See Liddell Clan:   13 24 14 11 11 11 12 12 12 13 13 30 17                             UFFCJ 11 11 19 23 16 16 17 17 40 41 12 12                         UFFCJ
FTDNA 27531 Lyttle R1b   EUUEK See Liddell Clan:   13 24 14 11 11 11 12 12 13 14 13 30 16 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 14 15 17 17   EUUEK                                                 EUUEK  
FTDNA 32138 Nixon R1b   UF9GF Ireand    13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 15 17   UF9GF                                                 UF9GF
FTDNA 22397 Dixon R1b   KXR2R     13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 14 13 31 17 18 9 9 11 11 24 16 18 30 15 16 16 18   KXR2R 12 11 19 23 17 15 18 17 35 40 12 12                         KXR2R
FTDNA 42296 Johnson R1b   P3YJF     13 25 15 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 28 15                                                                    
NPG/FTDNA N4249 Henderson R1b   A3FQ7 Scotland    13 23 15 11 11 11 12 12 11 13 13 28 15                             A3FQ7                                                 A3FQ7
NPG/FTDNA N7179 Henderson R1b   6DTNC     13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 16                             6DTNC                                                 6DTNC
NPG/FTDNA N7179 Henderson R1b   6DTNC     13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 20 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 18     11 11 19 23 16 14 19 16 36 37 12 12                          
FTDNA 40207 Henderson R1b   J9TPD     13 25 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16                                                                                
                                                                                                                         
FTDNA 37918 Elliott R1b   9B7SA     13 23 16 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 29 15 15 15 16   9B7SA                                                 9B7SA
FTDNA 32948 Patterson R1b   7QD67     13 23 16 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16                             7QD67                                                 7QD67
                                                                                                                         
Some comparison R1b Haplotypes from the Strong Y-DNA Study:                                                                                                            
New England Strongs from South West England Modal Haplotype: =>   13 23 14 11 11 13 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 16 18   AHT NEW ENGLAND                                             AHT
Longford, IRE 8915 Strong R1b   => IRE>NY   13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 15 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 29 14 15 16 17   8915 Longford, IRELAND                                             8915
Norfolk 7036 Strong R1b #4 => VA>MS>TX   13 24 15 10 11 14 12 12 11 13 14 30 17 17 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 30 15 16 16 18   7036 Norfolk, Virginia                                             7036
Southern, or Virginia, Strong Modal Haplotype:     =>   13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 29 15 15 16 17   AHT SOUTHERN                                             AHT
Strange of Balcaskie, Scotland, Modal Haplotype: =>   13 24 14 11 11 16 12 12 12 14 13 30 16 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 14 15 15 17   AHT BALCASKIE                                             AHT
Stronge of Tynan Abbey, Ulster Scots, Modal Haplotype: =>   13 24 14 11 11 12 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 17 9 9 11 11 25 14 17 28 15 15 17 17   AHT TYNAN ABBEY                                               AHT
HG1=~R1b (HT15) Modal Values =>     => 13 24 14 11 (Roper)11= Paleolithic 14 12=HG1 12 12 13 13 29 16 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 (Roper) 16= Paleolithic 16 18 18   <=HG1=> 11 12 19 23             12 12 11 11 10 13 23     <=HG1=>  
                 
 
 
 
(Roper)14= Neolithic
 
 
 
 
 
 
                      (Roper)13= Neolithic                                   Additional Relative Genetics loci. See Rel Gen Reporting Conventions Note, Below:      
Test By: Results Number: Surname Group: Haplogroup: (Green = SNP Tested) DNA Study Notes: Y-Base / Y-Search links: Migration Pattern: DB 393 390 19/394 391 385a 385b 426 388 439/ YGATAA4 389-1 392 389-2 (389ii-389i)= 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a 464b 464c 464d 464e DYS#s 460 Y-GATA H4 / TAGA-H4 * YCA II a YCA II b 456 607 576 570 CDY a CDY b 442 438 461 462 GGAAT1B07 YGATAA10 YGATAC4 425             DYS#s
          (Note: Y-Base only used if no Y-Search entry)         *   ** **     * / ** ***   ***   **               ** **/*** **/*** **/*** **/*** **               ** ** ** **                            
                                                  "Note - On May 19, 2003 FTDNA reassigned the values for 464a,b,c,and d.                      
                                                        Dropping each by one. These results reflect those changes."                                                
* DYS 19 is also known as DYS 394./ * DYS 439 is apparently also known as Y GATA A 4. The Ancestry results for locus Y GATA A 4 are the same values as the FTDNA results for locus #9 (DYS 439)                                                                  
The Atlantic Modal Haplotype (AMH) consists of DYS393=13; 390=24; 19=14; 391=11; 388=12; & 392=13. It is an outdated concept, and is not broadly useful in distinguishing the many haplotypes now known to exist.                                                            
Red Colored Cells=> ** Rapid Mutation Rates; per FTDNA. Red Mutation Rates => Estimated Rapid Mutation Rates per Marker and Mutation Comparisons                         Note ) FTDNA offers a limited number of SNP's downstream from any of their "estimates" of participants' Haplogroup. Other testing                            
From "Marsh": "FTDNA released results of a study Nov 2004.  The way data was collected, it has been questioned by some if it may have biased results.  However, in the absence of good information, it is a significant study.       organizations presently offer more "in-depth" SNP testing, including additional SNP's "downstream" from the general Haplogroup SNP                            
This indicates the mutation rate is faster than originally thought. on average, you might expect one mutation every 21 generations with 12 markers, every 9 generations with 25 markers, and every 5 generations with 37 markers.        determinant. Thus, while FTDNA tests R1b only for the presence of SNP=P25+, other companies offer additional downstream SNP's:                  
However, there are a number of factors at play which need to be allowed for.  Some markers, if they have very high or low scores, might be more likely to mutate, meaning that some families might be prone to more mutations than other       DNA Heritage offers a range of SNP's which can be found at: DNA Heritage "Y-SNP Tests"                      
families.  It might also be significant to take into consideration if it is slow or fast mutating markers which have mutated.  Other markers seem to mutate in more than one step at a time, and this needs to be considered."       EthnoAncestry offers a range of SNP's which can be found at:   EthnoAncestry "Product Catalog"                                
*** See Genetic Distance - FTDNA Calculation                                                 R1b SNP's Downstream from P25+ include: M73 '=> R1b1b; M269 '=> R1b1c; M37'=> R1b1c1; M65'=> R1b1c2; M126'=> R1b1c3; M153'=> R1b1c4;                            
"The 389-1 count is also included in the 389-2 count. In other words, 389-2 has two parts: the 389-1 part and its other unique part.             M153'=> R1b1c4; M160'=> R1b1c5; M167 (SRY2627)'=> R1b1c6; and S21, which may lead to an additional "R1b1c?" downstream from M269.                            
"Therefore, the calculation to determine distance subtracts the 389-1 count from the 389-2 for each person to determine one set of numbers. Those results are subtracted and the difference is added to the 389-1 difference.             Anyone interested in SNP's for other Haplotypes, such as C, G, J2, K1, N, P, Q, etc., should consult the various company's additional offerings.                            
"No matter what the difference is in any of the 464 a b c d groups, each counts only as 1 and any match in the group counts as 0 no matter what order it appears on the chart."             Another company, DNA Fingerprint, offers an interesting test of the DYS464a,b,c,d complex which may be of further assistance in researching                            
Note: [DYS426=12 PLUS DYS392=11]=>R1a                                                 "Deep Ancestry".   See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm DNA-Fingerprint.com The DYS464X (Extended) Test                              
Note Below for Relative Genetics Reporting Conventions:                                                                                        
The values for DYS454, DYS455, and Y-GATA-H4 are given according to Relative Genetics revised reporting conventions.                               See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm Jim Elliott's Discussion of Methods of Analyzing "Deep Ancestry"                                            
Before Spring 2003, the values reported for DYS454 and DYS455 were smaller by "1" than those for the new convention.                             See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm Jim Elliott's ALL Border Reivers by Surname DNA Study   This is the: BORDER REIVER FAMILIES Y-DNA STUDY: R1b Results Page
Similarly, Relative Genetics changed their convention for reporting Y-GATA-H4 in the Fall of 2002.                                     See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm Jim Elliott's ALL Border Reivers by Haplogroup DNA Study   Go To: BORDER REIVER FAMILIES Y-DNA STUDY: I, J, P, R, R1b-subclades Results Page        
Values for Y-GATA-H4 reported before that time were larger by "15".                                           See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm Whit Athey's Haplogroup Predictor Program Go To: BORDER REIVER FAMILIES Y-DNA STUDY: Directory Page
The marker Y-GATA-A4 was found to be identical to DYS439 and is no longer used by Relative Genetics.                               See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm SNP Testing by Ethnoancestry.com                                  
* "GATA H4 now becomes TAGA H4 in line with NIST recommendations...Important note: Family Tree DNA customers who have had 37-marker results which include this marker                     See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm Summary of public results of R1b and S21 SNP tests, by John McEwan                
WILL HAVE TO ADD 1 to their GATA H4 values to update to the newer TAGA H4 system in Ybase and thus be directly comparable with DNA Heritage and Relative Genetics customers..."                             See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm DNA-Fingerprint.com Advanced DNA testing Laboratory                
Conversely, DNA Heritage costomers would have to deduct 1 from their TAGA H4 values to compare with the FTDNA GATA H4 values.                                     See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm DNA-Fingerprint.com The DYS464X (Extended) Test                                          
If you were tested by DNA Heritage or Relative Genetics, for example, your value on TAGA-H4 will be one repeat unit greater than it would be when reported as GATA-H4 by FTDNA. See: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm World Families Network - Y-Haplogroups              
The Y-Search web site has more information on these nomenclature differences:   http://www.ysearch.org/conversion_page.asp#RG                        
See also: Whit Athey's Haplogroup Estimator                            
Test By: Kit # Surname Group: Haplogroup: Notes: Y-Search: Links: / Migration Ptrn: DB DYS 393 DYS 390 DYS 19/394 DYS 391 DYS 385a DYS 385b DYS 426 DYS 388 DYS 439 DYS 389-1 DYS 392 DYS 389-2 (389ii-389i)= DYS 458 DYS 459a DYS 459b DYS 455 DYS 454 DYS 447 DYS 437 DYS 448 DYS 449 DYS 464a DYS 464b DYS 464c DYS 464d 464e DYS#s 460 Y-GATA H4 / TAGA-H4 YCA II a YCA II b 456 607 576 570 CDY a CDY b 442 438 461 462 GGAAT1B07 YGATAA10 YGATAC4 441 444 445 446 452 463 425