NameSir Hector Livingston DUFF K.B.E, C.M.G. 142, 6753, M
Birth10 Jan 1872, Abundabus, India
Death10 Feb 1954, Bath, Avon, England Age: 82
Death MemoNursing Home
Census3 Apr 1881, Walcot, Somerset, England Age: 9
Census MemoRG11/2440, Folio 27, Page 14
Census5 Apr 1891, Walcot, Somerset, England Age: 19
Census MemoRG12/1938. Folio 104, GSU# 6097048
Residence3 Apr 1881, Walcot, Somerset, England Age: 9
Reside Memo26 Queens Square
Residence5 Apr 1891, Walcot, Somerset, England Age: 19
Reside Memo7 Lansdown Crescent
FatherJohn Pope DUFF , 6728, M (1826-1874)
MotherAlice SEWELL (LADY RUSSEL) , 6754, F (~1841-)
Misc. Notes
Feb. 10. 1954
Duff –
On Feb. 10. 1954 At a Nursing home in Bath,
Cremation Private.  No flowers please.

of Bath, acting Governor and Commander-in-Chief, Nyasaland, 1918-1919, left _64,640 (duty paid _37,838).  He left _500 to the Mayor of Bath for local charities; _8,000 on trust for certain persons for life; and then to the Governor of Nyasaland for charitable purposes; and after other bequests, a share in the ultimate residue of the estate to Bath Abbey Restoration Fund.
Sir Hector Livingston Duff, K.B.E. (1918), C.M.G. (1915), Acting governor and C. in C. Nyasaland, 1918-9; b. 1872.  Estate - Clydebank, Napier, N.Z.  Res. - 16 Lansdown Place East, Bath; Glendarroch Lodge, Kirkcowan, co. Wigtown.  Club - Junior Carlton
1891 England Census 7 Lansdown Cres., Walcot, Somerset  
RG12/1938. Folio 104, GSU# 6097048

Edward Russell  abt 1817  Clifton, Gloucestershire, England  Head
Alice Russell  abt 1841  Quebec, Canada  Wife
Gwendoline Russell  abt 1877  London, England  Daughter
Winifred Russell  abt 1878  Bath, Somerset, England  Daughter
Hector Duff  abt 1872  Guzerat, India  Stepson
John Duff  abt 1874  Dcecan, India  Stepson
Percival Anderson  abt 1867  Quebec, Canada  Visitor
Mary Anderson   abt 1851   Canada   Visitor  
May Winter  abt 1869  Drayton, Norfolk, England  Visitor
Maria Everitt  abt 1865  Bath, Somerset, England  Servant
Ruth Hodges  abt 1867  Exeter, Devon, England  Servant
Lydia Brown  abt 1871  Okeford, Dorset, England  Servant
Louisa Rhymes  abt 1871  Bath, Somerset, England  Servant
Rosaline Turin   abt 1859   Switzerland   Servant  


Sir Hector Livingston Duff, K.B.E., C.M.G., who died in a nursing home at Bath on Wednesday at the age of 82, was a man of varied interests and attainments.  Born on January 10, 1872, he was the second son of Mr. J. P. Duff by his marriage to Alice, Lady Russell, widow of Sir E. Russell.  As a young man he wished to obtain an official post in Uganda where his friend Major Thruston held a senior military appointment.  Major Thruston was killed by the mutineers in the revolt of the Sudanese troops in Uganda in 1898 and it was perhaps fortunate for Duff that the Foreign Office offered him in 1897 the post of an Assistant Resident in the British Central Africa Protectorate, as he might otherwise have shared his friend’s fate.  He accepted the offer and proceeded direct from India, where he was travelling at the time, to the Protectorate.
With the appointment of Mr. (later Sir Alfred) Sharpe in 1897 as the new Commissioner of the country may be said to have embarked upon the normal course of a settled British dependency, with a future before it of steady, if not sensational progress.  In this new era of development Duff and his colleagues in the provincial administration were called upon to play an important part.  To them was entrusted the duty of maintaining peace among the natives by peaceful methods, of assisting them in the agricultural development of their land, and so forth.
In 1903 Duff resigned, but was re-appointed in the early part of the following year.  In 1906 he was promoted to be Resident and in 1911 he was further promoted to a First Grade Residentship.  From this time onwards he frequently acted as Deputy Governor.  The control of the Protectorate had been transferred from the Foreign Office to the Colonial Office in 1904 and the post of Consul-General had been abolished.  By an Order in Council which came into force in October, 1907 the Commissioner became a Governor and Commander-in-Chief, and Executive and Legislative Councils were established.  Also the old name of the "Nyasaland Protectorate" was revived.


On the outbreak of war in 1914 Northern Nyasaland was invaded by Germans from German-East Africa, who were repulsed by the fine Nyasaland Battalion of the King’s African Rifles.  There was, however, an alarming incident in 1915.  Among the natives were a number of professed Christians who claimed freedom from white control.  Among them was a certain John Chilembwe who had been educated in the United States, and who on his return to the Protectorate had built a church and preached the independence of Africans.  With some 500 followers he rose in revolt at the beginning of the year and three white settlers were murdered.  The officer in command of the Protectorate troops in the north was warned, and a detachment was sent without delay to the scene of the disturbance.
In this affair Duff took a leading part and was awarded the medal and clasp which
was granted for it.  He was mentioned in dispatches for his services with the Nyasaland Field
Force in German East Africa during 1914 and 1915.  During 1916 and 1917 the Nyasaland and Rhodesia military forces were united under the command of General (later Sir Edward) Northey, and Duff became his Chief Political Officer.  His wide experience of local conditions was of great value, and he was again mentioned in dispatches.  Later on, in 1917 and 1918, he administered the military Government of the occupied enemy territory.  In the latter part of 1918 and in 1919 he acted as Governor of the Protectorate.  He retired in 1920.
Duff was called to the Bar by the Inner Temple in 1919, having passed with first class honours in Constitutional Law in 1909.  He was the author of various books.  The first was Nyasaland Under the Foreign Office which gave an excellent account of the natives and their customs, religion, and outlook, of the physical characteristics of the country, of its flora and fauna, and so on.  His next work was History of Nyasland in the Native Dialect, which was published by the Protectorate Government.  This was followed by The Ivory Graves, and African Small Chop.  But the book which excited most interest was This Small World of Mine published in 1936 and dealing with one of the few parts of Great Britain lying outside the ordinary, tourist tracks, which still retain much of the character and tradition of a past age.
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