Local Newpaper Extracts
Some Selected Reports from the Devizes and Wiltshire Gazette
Thursday, February 7th, 1833
6 miles from Malmesbury, 1 from Dauntsey, and 2 from Wootton Bassett.
In The Parish Of Brinkworth, Wilts.
To be Sold by Auction, by J.Deverall, on the Premises, on Tuesday February 12th, 1833, all the truly valuable Stock of
Prime Dairy Cows,
Grazing Heifers, Bulls, Pigs, Dairy Utensils, &c. of the late Mr.J.Kilmister, deceased, comprising 80 useful Dairy Cows, and 3-year-old Heifers, with calves or in good season; 12 Grazing Heifers, 3 capital 2-year-old Bulls of Durham breed, 1 three-year-old ditto, 2 Sows and Pigs, 2 ditto in farrow, 2 Waggons, a Tax-cart, &c. &c. Also, the Dairy Utensils, which are excellent, and of large dimensions.
The Auctioneer begs leave to call the attention of Dairymen and others to the above, which are of the Improved Short-horn breed, assuring them (without fear of contradiction) that a better Stock has never been offered to their notice. - In consequence of the number of lots, the Sale will commence precisely at eleven o'clock.
Robin Adair and Honest Robin
will be at Barton Court, on the Bath road between Newbury and Hungerford, at 5 Guineas a Mare, and 5 Shillings the Groom; those not thorough-bred at 2 Guineas, and two shillings and sixpence.
Robin Adair was got by Walton, dam Canidia by Sorcerer, her dam Orange-bud by High-flyer out of Orange-girl, by Matchem, &c.
Honest Robin was got by Robin Adair, dam Euphrasia by Rubens, out of Witch of Endor, by Sorcerer, &c. - For their performances on the Turf, see the Racing Calendars.
Hay and Grass at 7 shillings per week; Corn (if required) at the market price, with good warm Paddocks, and loose boxes for Mares to foal in.
Pursuant to the Act for the Relief of Insolvent Debtors in England. The court for relief of insolvent debtors, on the twenty-fifth day of January, 1833. Upon the filing of the petition and schedule of James Edward Mivart, the younger, (sued as James Mivart, the younger,) formerly of Lower Brook-street, Grosvenor-square, Middlesex, following no trade or business; then of Farley Wilts, afterwards of St.Peter's College, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, then at lodgings at Lincoln, Lincolnshire, then of St.Peter's College, aforesaid, afterwards at lodgings at the Tavistock Hotel, Great Piazza, Covent-garden, Middlesex, then of Weston Super-mare, Somersetshire, afterwards at St.Peter's College, Cambridge, aforesaid, Student, then of Lower Brook-street aforesaid, afterwards of Aldenham, Herts, then of Lower Brook-street, aforesaid, afterwards at lodgings at the New Ship Hotel, Brighton, Sussex, then of Turnham-green, near Hammersmith, Middlesex, afterwards of Brussels, in the Netherlands, and late of Lower Brook-street, aforesaid, following no trade or business, a prisoner in the Fleet Prison, in the city of London. It is ordered and appointed, that the matters of the said petition and schedule shall be heard by the Court at the Court-house in Portugal-street, Lincoln's Inn Fields, on the twenty-eighth day of February next at the hour of ten in the morning precisely : of which all creditors and persons claiming to be creditors of the said insolvent for the sum of five pounds or more shall have notice, by service of a copy of this order, made within such time and in such manner as is prescribed by the rule of court in that behalf. - By the Court.
J. J. Dawson, Attorney for the Insolvent, 8 Symond's Inn, Chancery Lane.
Take Notice 1. If any creditor intends to oppose the said prisoner's discharge, notice of such intention must be given by entry thereof in the proper page and column of the book kept for that purpose at the office of the court, between the hours of ten in the forenoon and four in the afternoon, three clear days before the day of hearing abovementioned, exclusive of Sunday, and exclusive both of the days of entering such notice and of the said day of hearing : notice to produce at the hearing any books or papers filed with the schedule must be given to the officer having the custody thereof, within the same hours on any day previous to the said day of hearing. N.B. Entrance to the office in Portugal-street. 2. The petition and schedule, and all books papers and writings filed therewith, will be produced by the proper officer for inspection and examination on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, until the last day for entering opposition inclusive, on this notice being exhibited : and copies of the petition and schedule, or such part thereof as shall be required, will be provided by the proper officer according to the act 7 Geo 4.c.57 sec.76, - 3. Opposition at hearing can only be made by the creditor in person, or by counsel appearing for him.
At Wraxhall, Mr.John Harrold, jun., of Frome, to Miss Catherine Dun, of Wraxhall House, near Bradford.
At Malmesbury, Mr.Whale, of Broad Somerford, to Mary, only daughter of Mr.Bullock, of Corston.
Jan.29, at Froxfield, after a long and painful illness, borne with truly Christian patience and resignation, Sarah, relict of the late Henry Samuel Biggs, esq.
On Friday, aged 58, Phillis, wife of Mr.J.Brewer, of Trowbridge.
On Saturday last, at Malmesbury, Mr.Holmes, auctioneer, &c. of that town.
Yesterday, at Chippenham, aged 10 months, Robert, son of Mr.Flower Spackman, tallow chandler of that place.
Yesterday, at Salisbury, after a long affliction, Mr.John Hibberd, nearly 50 years a master chimney-sweep in that city, and well known in the counties of Hants, Wilts, and Dorset.
Mr.Assheton Smith's Hounds will meet on Monday Feb 11, at Vernham Gate; on Tuesday the 12th, at Southgrove; on Thursday the 14th, at Hurstbourn Tarrant; and on Friday the 15th, at Oare Hill, each day at eleven.
Notwithstanding the general mildness of the season, there has been less complaint than usual this year, of the ravages of the slug and grub, and the other tribes of vermin which occasionally make such havoc in our corn-fields; and although it is generally supposed that one of the good effects of sharp frost is to destroy these noxious depredators, yet from the force of numbers in which they are frequently found to sally forth after a long hard winter, it seems they have the power of eluding the influence of the severest cold. A sharp and sudden frost may catch some of them that rashly linger too near the surface, but, in general, a secret instinct prompts them to dive into the earth at the approach of frost, and, in proportion to its intensity and duration, they burrow deeper and deeper into their subterranean recesses, until they reach a point to which the freezing power of the atmosphere cannot penetrate. The young wheats in general, wear a healthy and satisfactory appearance, for, while holding a full plant, and retaining their verdure, they are not aspiring, nor over-luxuriant, but crouch closely to the earth, and seem in the farmer's phrase, to do their work under ground, rather than above it. Some assert that the late wheats look better than those sown early, but this varies according to soil and situation; certain, however, it is , that this year, the younger branches of the wheaten family tread more closely than usual on the heels of their elder brethren. Talavera wheat and spring tares are now sowing, and with every indication of a good and successful season, especially on those warm mellow soils, which are more particularly adapted to the growth of the former.
At about five o'clock on Tuesday morning last, the premises adjoining Staverton Factory, near Holt, belonging to Mr.Cooper, were discovered to be on fire, and before the flames were got under, damage to the amount of £2000 was done. It is not known how the fire originated.
Bathwick Church was broken open yesterday morning, and the poor's boxes robbed of the money which they contained. - The door of the vestry , in which the church plate is kept, was attempted by the villains, but without success.
The lovers of the Trigger were highly gratified on Monday the 28th ult., by a match of pigeon shooting, which took place at Yeovil, between some Cracks of that town and neighbourhood, and some celebrated crackers from Wiltshire. - The prizes were awarded as follows :- First prize to Mr.W.Stagg, of Netheravon, Wilts; the second to Mr.Brooks of Yeovil; and the third to Mr.Chaudler[?] of Church-mill, Wilts. - There was afterwards a match made in the field, when Messrs.Brooks and Stagg again won first and second prizes. In the first contest, Mr.Stagg killed his five birds, as did Mr.Brooks; but one bird belonging to the latter falling out of bounds was lost. In the bye shooting, Messrs.Brooks and Stagg were tied for several birds; but the match was ultimately won by the former gentleman, who killed one more bird than the latter. - The other parties in the field proved themselves first-rate shots, and both matches were well contested throughout. - After the shooting, the party returned to the Greyhound Inn, and partook of a dinner prepared by Mr.Chandler[?], in his usual excellent and liberal style. Here the shooting was of a different character, and notwithstanding there was considerable Slaughter, the contest ran more equal.
Inquests held before W.Adye, esq.- On Tuesday last at Ramsbury, on the body of Elizabeth Maunder, a very old woman, whose violent groans, it appeared, had attracted her next door neighbour to her assistance, and who was found sitting in her chair near the fire, in complete flames. Her lower extremities were so severely burnt, that notwithstanding immediate medical assistance, she did not survive the accident longer than a few hours. Verdict - Accidental. - On Saturday at Corsley, on the body of Thomas West, a young married man, the son of a small farmer of that parish. It appeared that he had been working for his father in a meadow in the parish of Frome, by whom he was found in a small stream of water that runs through the meadow, into which it was supposed he had fallen during an attack of epilepsy, with which he had been long afflicted. - On the same day at Trowbridge, on the body of Marian Bray, a child 2 months old, whose death had been occasioned by a teapot full of boiling water falling on it whilst asleep in its mother's lap. Verdicts - Accidental - On Friday at Hillmarton, on the body of Eliz.Taylor, who had retired to rest the previous evening in perfect health; and in the morning was discovered a corpse. Verdict - Visitation of God.
About a quarter past nine o'clock last night, some diabolical villain set fire to an oat rick, containing the produce of 20 acres, the property of Mr.Child, of Chalk-pit farm, in the parish of Hurley, which was totally consumed. The rick was situate in a field about 300 yards from the dwelling house, and near a wheat rick; but there fortunately being very little wind, the inhabitants in the neighbourhood using every exertion, the latter was preserved. A reward of £50 is offered for the discovery of the offenders. - Reading Mercury.
We regret to have to announce that Alderman Waithman died at his home in Woburn Place this morning at five o'clock. His death leaves a vacancy in the representation of the city, and in the Aldermanic gown of the ward of Farringdon Without. - Wednesday's Globe.
Committed to the House of Correction Devizes.
Ann Trowbridge, for one month, for a misdemeanour in the parish of Trowbridge. Abraham Davies and Edward Dorey, for two months each, for violently assaulting Thomas Robey of Bradford. Aaron Gane, for two months, for violently assaulting Thomas Walton of Bradfield. George Dance, for one month, for destroying an ash tree, the property of James Hayward, yeoman of Ramsbury. Elizabeth Smith, for twenty days, for wilful trespass on a well the property of Joseph Baldwin of West Kington. William Gerrish, for two months, for violently assaulting John Hooper of Southwick. - Samuel Halford of the parish of St.Mary's Devizes, for three months, and to find sureties, and George Noble of West Harnham for two months, for breaches of the game laws.
Commission De Lunatico Inquirendo.
A Commission of Inquiry, directed by the Lord Chancellor, was held at the Bear Inn, in this town, on Monday last, before Perigrine Bingham, esq., and Joseph Trigge Schomberg, esq., barristers; and James Slade, esq., solicitor; to enquire whether Sophia Frances Mary Caulfeild was a lunatic, so that she was not sufficient for the government of herself, or her property; and if so, from what time. The unfortunate subject of this inquiry is between 30 and 40 years of age, of the most refined and delicate manners, and of considerable intellectual powers and attainments. The origin of the disorder (mania) to which she has, no doubt, for a great length of time been subjected, has been traced to an excessive grief for the loss of an only sister, who died in 1817, and from which time the disorder has been rapidly increasing. Miss Caulfeild is the only surviving daughter of Madame de Bolleville (a descendant of a family of great respectability) by a former husband - Wade Toby Caulfeild, esq. - by whom she had Warren Caulfeild, and another daughter, who married a Mr.Campbell, and died, leaving no issue. Madame de Bolleville the daughter of Sir C.Cope, bart. Due notice of the inquiry had been given by Messrs.Salmon and Tugwell, (Solicitors to the Commission) to Miss Caulfeild (who is at present under the care of Dr.Fox at Brislington), and up to Saturday night last, it was expected that she would have employed counsel to defend her.
Mr.Sergt.Merewether opened the case, in a manner alike creditable to his feelings and to his talents. In the course of his observations, he said, he was sure that the Jury, before they deprived the unhappy lady, who was the subject of this inquiry, of her natural rights of personal liberty, and the uncontrolled power of her property, would require the most direct evidence that she was incapable of government; whilst, if from the evidence he should adduce, they should be of opinion that she was incapable of managing her own affairs, they would agree with him, that she ought to be protected by that humane law, which would guard her against the fraud and wickedness of others, and the no less dangerous consequences of her own acts. The situation of Miss Caulfeild was not one of constant furious madness - not one of those cases, in which the barriers of reason are wholly broken down, so that the insanity is apparent to every casual observer , but one of those unhappy cases in which the patient exhibits, during intervals of irregular duration, (but occasionally for long periods) if not perfect soundness of mind, yet such a state of comparative sanity, that persons who had not seen her during paroxysms of disease, might not suspect the existence of such a malady; and it was the contrast in her conduct during the paroxysm, and when not under its influence, that formed the proof of the existence of the disorder. One most distressing feature, accompanying mania was, that the patient, after the paroxysm had subsided, had a perfect recollection of all that took place during the attack. The learned Sergeant here observed , that whilst he was at the College of Physicians a few evenings ago, the President of the Society stated, that he knew a gentleman who, after being subject to violent paroxysms of mania, became at last so sensible of the symptoms which preceded them, that, on the last occasion, he went and voluntary surrendered himself to that custody, which his own sense told him would in a short time be necessary for his protection; he was soon afterwards attacked with a paroxysm; from which, however, he never recovered; so that his last act of sanity was, placing himself in the hands of those who would protect him whilst labouring under a paroxysm of insanity. When free from a paroxysm, Miss Caulfeild was uniformly kind to all around her, particularly affectionate towards her mother, and her conduct altogether exemplary; when under its influence her conduct formed a striking contrast; those who had been the most kind towards her, and for whom she had previously entertained the greatest affection, became the objects of her aversion - sometimes of her attack. The learned sergeant then spoke of the facts which he would call witnesses to depose to, and if satisfactorily established, he said, it would be the height on inhumanity to suppose that the unfortunate lady ought to be responsible for her own acts. He should trace the history of her disorder over a wider space of time than might otherwise be thought necessary , because this inquiry was unopposed, and in order to shew that it was not an accidental disease, likely soon to pass away; but that it had gone on increasing, until it was absolutely necessary she should be placed in that custody , where, whilst she would be treated with kindness and humanity, every means would be taken to mitigate the disorder. From 1818 until 1824 Miss Caulfield resided with her mother at Malvern. In 1824 they removed to Pickwick, where they lived until 1828, when they returned to Malvern; in 1830, they came to live at Etchilhampton; and in December 1832, Miss Caulfield was placed under Dr.Fox's care at Bristol, in all which places, and during each year, witnesses would depose to particular acts of insanity.
Dr.F.Fox : I am the son of Dr.Fox, who has conducted the lunatic asylum at Brislington during the last 30 years. I have assisted my father for ten years, and am acquainted with disorders of insanity. Miss Sophia Frances Mary Caulfeild has been at my father's establishment since the 5th of Dec, 1832; since that time she has been attacked by a paroxysm of mania, which commenced on the first and continued until the 11th of January. On the first of January, I observed that her whole appearance and demeanour had undergone an entire change - her countenance was more lively, and her language more voluble, losing all chain of connection in her ideas; her conduct and language had previously been perfectly correct - her countenance somewhat dull, she had been rather disposed to taciturnity, and indisposed to any exertion; her only employment being that of religious reading. After the 1st of January, she was exactly the reverse : she was never still, but constantly moving about the room, and it was with great difficulty she could be confined to her bed at night. In fact she did not sleep for six or seven successive nights. An indisposition to sleep is presumed to be an aggravation of the disorder, and sleepiness or an inclination to sleep, is afterwards considered an indication of recovery. During the continuance of the paroxysm, she would sing patches of different songs, and burst into frequent exclamations of O, Jesus Christ ! O God ! &c., which would be followed by an unmeaning laugh - the character of the laugh resembling the idiotic laugh. On the 2d January, she was very incoherent, and constantly laughing. - I related to her the melancholy death of a relation of mine; but this appeared to increase her laughter, and she interrupted me by saying, "O ! Doctor Fox, how funny it is !" On the same day she said "I have just been thinking, Dr.Fox, that I might cut off people's heads without being hanged for it. Her tone and feeling of respect to her mother too, was completely changed : before the paroxysm, her affection and kindness were most marked ; afterwards, her language was extremely bitter - She was also enraged against her attendants, particularly the one that was accustomed to wait upon her. She came to our asylum soon after a paroxysm, and remained until the 1st of Jan before she was attacked; she recovered on the 11th, but from her appearance and particular symptoms, I am apprehensive that another paroxysm is approaching. There is the same inclination to talk, and she appears to be aware she is talking nonsense. Last night, she commenced a sentence - "I was going to say, Dr.Fox" - and then broke it off, and said "Have you such a thing as a gag in the house ? I wish you would gag my mouth." - She never could have seen such a thing in the house. After deposing to other incoherent expressions, Dr.Fox said : she refused to take medicine, and frequently attacked the person who attended her, and was so violent at one time, that it was necessary to put a strait waistcoat on her. It is very common for insane persons to hold conversation with spiritual beings, whom they imagine to be in the room. Miss Caulfeild has apparently been in conversation with a sister who died some years since, and has directed the servant to bring some bread and cheese for Satan. From the 5th of December to the 1st of January, and from the 11th of January to this time, I have never seen her in what I consider a state of complete mental soundness.
Elizabeth Kidney : I am nurse at Dr.Fox's Establishment. I attended Miss Caulfeild from the time she came to Dr.Fox's, on the 5th of December until last Thursday week. When she first came she was low and melancholy; she had an opportunity of associating with Dr.Fox's family if she thought fit, but she declined : she felt disinclined to associate with any one; she got worse from the beginning of January, when she became altogether restless, and did not sleep, but screamed and talked aloud to herself during the night, and it was with difficulty she could be induced to rise from her bed; when up, she would frequently go to the window, and sometimes she would sit on the floor; she allowed her hair to hang loosely about her shoulders, and she would tie a scarf around her head; she has violently attacked me during her illness; and once she caught hold of my cap, and tore it, because I would not allow her to go out of the room; twice she was confined by the strait waistcoat; she has refused to take medicine, and several times she had endeavoured to effect her escape. I have seen a great many people mad, and I consider she conducted herself as a mad person. I saw her the day before she got well; on that day she ceased to abuse me, and in the middle of the night she called for her medicine; on the next morning she was quite herself. - In answer to Mr.Bingham witness deposed, that she did not consider Miss Caulfeild a fit person to manage her own affairs, or to be left alone.
Martha Leakey : I am a nurse at Dr.Fox's Establishment. In May, 1831, I attended Miss Caulfeild, near Devizes. She was then getting better from one of her attacks; but I never considered her in possession of her senses. She appeared rational at times, and when first I saw her she was rather quiet - shy, reserved, modest; but when ill, she was violent, and abused every one in the house, particularly her mamma and family; she sang and screamed frequently during the night - talked to herself quickly, flying from one subject to another in rapid succession; night and day she would stand at the window open; mad people are insensible of cold; she would dress herself with two or three shawls, and bind the Bible round her head : at one time she asked me if I was not the devil from hell; and she would call to strangers as they passed. I have accompanied her in a walk; she has run away, and I have had great difficulty in getting her back. I consider her of unsound mind, and not fit to be left alone.
Dr.Brabant :- I am a physician residing in Devizes - In the course of my practice I have been accustomed to see persons of unsound mind. I know Miss Caulfeild well. I have attended her whilst she has been suffering under several distinct attacks of madness. I witnessed three such attacks in the year 1830; two in the year 1831; and one in the end of the year 1832. They were decided paroxysms of mania. I have also visited her in the intervals between these paroxysms. During the intervals I have found her conduct modest and retiring : she was not at all loquacious; her conversation was rational; she spoke respectfully of her friends, and her whole behaviour was that of a well-educated young lady. I acknowledge that I have seen her at some intervals, when scarcely any trace of an unsound mind could be discovered; but there was still a peculiarity of countenance which cannot well be mistaken by persons accustomed to watch narrowly the indications of insanity. Cases certainly occur, where for hours together, the most experienced persons fail in detecting the existence of this disease. The last time I saw Miss Caulfield was on the 5th of December, 1832 : before I saw her I heard her screams. At the moment I entered, she was singing very wildly, "Who is the King of Glory ?" She was dressed very ludicrously; her hair hung loosely on her shoulders; her bed was much disordered, and there was a variety of trinkets and pictures strewed and hidden on and about the bed. She talked volubly and incoherently. I told her that I had come at the request of her friends. She replied, "I do not know that I have a friend left in the world !" Her conduct altogether, formed a striking contrast to what it had been in the absence of those paroxysms. There was, also a peculiar apprehensiveness of look, and a restlessness of manner, which are very characteristic of insanity. In the other paroxysms which I witnessed in 1830 and 1831, the symptoms were very similar to those I have now described, but on some occasions considerably more violent. I recommended Madame de Bolleville to place Miss Caulfeild under the care of Dr.Fox. In the year 1831, I requested and obtained of Madame de Bolleville permission to write to Miss Caulfeild's banker to beg he would forbear to send her further supplies of money. In my judgement Miss Caulfield is certainly of unsound mind; and I give this opinion without the slightest hesitation or reserve. I think her incapable of managing her own affairs, and labouring under that form of madness called mania.
The Rev.T.A.Methuen : I am rector of Allcannings; I have had occasional opportunities of judging of the conduct of Miss Caulfeild. When she has been well, her manner has been sedate, her conversation not unconnected, her demeanour towards her family amiable; when labouring under what I consider mental aberration, her deportment has been the reverse - bold, loquacious, incoherent, and disposed to speak unkindly of all around her. - I will mention two or three facts, which I think will shew that she must at those times be deprived of reason. - On one occasion, when I visited her mother, and declined taking an refreshment, she poured out a glass of wine, held it over my head, and threatened to throw it in my face, if I refused to drink. At another time, I called at her mother's house, when she was labouring under a paroxysm, and was about to return, when I heard her screaming in a maniacal manner, and begging me, if I was a Minister of Christ, to come and rescue her. On another occasion I overtook her on the road; she wished me to dismount, and accompany her; finding that she talked incoherently, I excused myself; but after proceeding a few yards, she took off her clogs and threw them into the mud, and then bid me dismount, and take them out for her; I did this; afterwards she took of my hat, and it was with difficulty I could recover it from her; I went on, and she called after me like a maniac. - I have received letters from her, which proved her to be of unsound mind. I am decidedly of opinion, that she is incapable to manage her own affairs.
Anna Maria Slade : About 2 1/2 years ago, I nursed Miss Caulfeild at Etchilhampton. During one of her paroxysms, she had not been undressed for five nights, and when I undressed her, I found 3 or 4 score of needles about her, which she said were intended to scratch those persons who came to force her away. On another occasion, I found a gun under her bed, the lock of which had been taken off, and concealed; she told me that she kept the gun for the purpose of beating out the brains of any one who might offend her. - There was a painting of the Bohemian brothers in her room, and to one of those brothers she would talk for an hour at a time :- she would ring the bell violently, and when any one came, she would lock the door, and prevent them getting out. I have been sleepy while attending upon her : at one time, while I was lying down, she lay upon me, and endeavoured to smother me; there were iron bars to the window, and she has taken up the rushlight, put her hands through the bars, and applied the candle to the thatch of the cottage; she has struck me with her fist, and broke the windows; she refused to take medicine, the medicine has been obliged to be mixed with her food, and she has fancied her food was poisoned.
Rev.Mr.Medlicott :- In the year 1830, when I was curate to the Rev.Mr.Methuen, I recollect meeting Mrs.Caulfeild at Mr.Hitchcock's house at Etchilhampton. She came and stood close by me, and called for wine, requesting me to take some; I declined, and reminded her that she was not in her own house; she said that did not signify, I Should drink; I then told her that wine would disagree with me; she replied "I'll engage that the I give you shan't disagree with you." She then filled the wine glass with sugar, put some wine into it, and forced it down my throat. I wished to leave the room, but she placed her back against the door and prevented me. She then insisted upon my taking another glass of wine, and upon my refusing, she gave me a blow. On another occasion, she contrived to take from me the sermon that I was going to preach on a Sunday afternoon. I suspected that she had it; but wishing if possible to prevent the attention of the congregation being disturbed, I took my testament into the pulpit, with the intention of proceeding as well as I could without the sermon. Perceiving that I was going on without it, Miss Caulfeild called a little girl, and rolling the sermon up, directed her to give it to me, but the clerk, according to my desire, took it from the girl. upon which Miss Caulfield exclaimed aloud in the church -
"How dare you take it - give it to Mr.Medicott directly !"
Job Cox, deposed to the artful manner in which she effected her escape on one occasion.
Mr.Addison :- I am a surgeon of Malvern : I attended Miss Caulfield once in 1828, and three times in 1829, when she was labouring under paroxysms of mania. On one occasion she wished to go to my house, and Madame de Bolleville, thinking that it might appease her, recommended it. I accompanied her, and after being in the dining-room for some time, she induced me to leave her with Mrs.Addison : I had not been gone long, before she induced Mrs.Addison also to quit the room. She then bolted the door, and all my entreaties could not prevail upon her to open it. I was at length obliged to employ a carpenter to force it open. At the periods I have spoken to, as having attended her, I am decidedly of opinion, that she was of unsound mind.
The Rev.Mr.Noble, Clergyman of Corsham, deposed to the eccentric conduct of Miss Caulfield whilst in church.
Mr.Morgan, surgeon of Corsham :- I attended Miss Caulfield at Pickwick, during repeated paroxysms, for March 1825 to August 1827. Some of the paroxysms were very violent, and lasted nearly a fortnight; others did not continue quite so long. I have been compelled to apply the strait waistcoat. On one occasion I overtook her, in company with a little girl named Vale, walking on the road to Chippenham, and Devizes. I endeavoured to persuade her to return, but without effect. - In my opinion, she is incapable of managing her own affairs.
Nancy Parrot attended Miss Caulfield in 1826, and gave similar testimony to the other nurses.
Lucy Durham : - I live in Devizes. About 6 or 7 years ago, between 8 and 9 o'clock in the evening, when it was quite dark, Miss Caulfield came to my house with a little girl named Vale : she complained of fatigue; after supper she went to bed, where she remained until six the following evening, when she dressed me in her clothes, and desired me to go to Mr.Salmon's for a bottle of champagne. At half-past ten o'clock on that evening, she went to the shop of Mr.Harrison, and going behind the counter, tumbled about the things. It was with difficulty she could be got out of the shop. A chaise was brought for her, but she refused to enter it, unless accompanied by one of Mr.Harrison's young men. The young man went into the chaise at one door, but got out at the other. Miss Caulfeild, not aware of the deception, then went into the chaise herself.
Charlotte Vale deposed to walking from Corsham to Devizes with Miss Caulfeild.
Jas.Hall, footman to Mad.de Bolleville :- At Malvern Miss Caulfield on one occasion went to the house of Mr.Garlick without a bonnet; borrowed one from Mrs.Garlick; wore it home, and then took all the ribbons off from it. This witness said that Madame de Bolleville was at all times extremely kind to her.
Miss Candler : I first became acquainted with Miss Caulfeild at Malvern, in the year 1818; a short time previously Miss Caulfeild's sister died. I have seen her repeatedly when labouring under paroxysms from 1818 to 1825 : and during these periods I have not the slightest doubt of her being of unsound mind. During the absence of the paroxysms, she was particularly mild - kind and affectionate to her mother, - and rather of a serious turn of mind : when the attacks came on, she was animated, talked and laughed a great deal, abused her mother, and dressed herself in a peculiar sort of way. When well, she always stopped at home, and appeared of a melancholy turn; when ill, she was fond of visiting strangers, and going into houses that she had never before entered. She presented Mr.Wall, the banker, with a nosegay composed of nettles; she has told me that the only consolation she had was in a silk stocking. She has called Dr.Card's son into her bed-room, and after tying an old fashioned picture around his neck, has brought him down, and placing a stick in his hand, made him walk in military step before her from Barnard's Green (when she then lived) to Malvern, a distance of a mile and a half. Once at tea, speaking of the toast, she said, "that she wished it buttered on one side with silver, and the other with gold." The last time I saw her in a violent paroxysm, she forbad me the house, saying that I was a spie upon her.
Mr.Plimmer, surgeon of Melksham; saw Miss Caulfeild in May, 1831, in a shop at Melksham, expounding on the bible; while there, she gave a half sovereign to a beggar; when she discovered that she was known, she left the shop, and proceeded on the Bath road; witness followed her in a post chaise, and succeeded in bringing her back to Etchilhampton.
Mr.W.Fowler, surgeon of Devizes; attended Miss Caulfeild at different times in May, 1831, and in February, March, April, September, October, November, and December, 1832; and he should decidedly say, that at all those times, she was of unsound mind. The continuance of the attacks was uncertain.
Hester Sutton attended Miss Caulfeild , and deposed to various acts of eccentricity and violence. This witness expressed the greatest anxiety for the welfare of Miss Caulfield, and trusted the gentlemen would do her no harm. A kinder, better creature, she said, never existed.
Mary Watts, daughter of Mr.Watts, of the George Inn, of Potterne, deposed, that about the latter end of April or the beginning of May, 1831, between 9 and 10 o'clock in the evening, Miss Caulfeild came to her house and wished to be accommodated with a bed. Not knowing her, Mrs.Watts, (mother of the witness) questioned her as to being out at that late hour; when she replied "Don't make yourself uneasy, I can sleep under the tomb-stones in the churchyard just as comfortably as I can here." She had tea; but she did not appear inclined to go to bed; and when shewed into a double-bedded room, she expressed her abhorrence at sleeping there, and supposing witness was going to close the door upon her, she darted out of the room in a minute, went into the bar, and said she would be the happiest person in existence if she was allowed to sit up all night; witness sat up with her until 3 o'clock; she appeared to amuse herself very much with some of the key's she had : she said they were the keys of her mamma's wine cellar, and she was so glad that her mamma would not be able to get any wine with her dinner.
Virtue Watts, sister to the last witness : Miss Caulfeild gave me a gold watch to keep for her sake; she left our house very suddenly; and begged us to say, if anyone inquired for her, that she had not been there.
There were a great number of other witnesses in attendance, but it was thought unnecessary to call them. There were altogether, in fact, 5 witnesses who could depose to acts of insanity from 1818 to 1826; 12 from 1827 to 1829; 14 from 1830 to 1832, and 3 from Dec.1832 to the present time. The Chief Commissioner (Mr.Bingham) in addressing the Jury, said it was necessary that their attention should be directed to one simple point, and that was, whether the unfortunate individual who was the subject of this inquiry, was so far of unsound mind as to be incapable of managing her own affairs. In his opinion, a clearer case had never been made out. He would not trouble the Jury with a disquisition upon the various kinds of lunacy, by he would read an extract from the work of Dr.Cullen, and Dr.Cullen was considered of high authority, which he thought would bear upon the present case. Speaking of Mania, Dr.Cullen says -
"What for the most part distinguishes the disease, is a hurry of mind, in pursuing any thing like a train of thought, and in running from one train of thought to another. Manical persons are in general very irascible : but what more particularly produces their angry emotions is, that their false judgements lead to some action which is always pushed with impetuosity and violence; when this is interrupted or restrained, they break out into violent anger and furious violence against every person near them, and upon every thing that stands in the way of their impetuous will. The false judgement often turns upon a mistaken opinion of some injury supposed to have been formerly received, or now supposed to be intended; and it is remarkable, that such an opinion is often with respect to their former dearest friends and relations; and therefore the resentment and anger are particularly directed towards these. And although this should not be the case, they commonly soon lose that respect and regard which they formerly had for their friends and relations. With all these circumstances , it will be readily perceived, that the disease must be attended very constantly with that incoherent and absurd speech we call raving. Further with the circumstances mentioned, there is commonly joined an unusual force in all the voluntary motions; and an insensibility or resistance to the force of all impressions, and particularly a resistance of the powers of sleep, of cold, and even of hunger; though indeed in many instances a voracious appetite takes place. - After reading some further extracts,
The learned Commissioner expressed his opinion to the Jury, that the symptoms laid down by Dr.Cullen, entirely concurred with the evidence which had been given by the witnesses examined on the present occasion; and after some able remarks on particular parts of that evidence, he left it in the hands of the Jury.
Just as the Jury were about to deliberate, it was intimated that Miss Caulfield, who had been expected much earlier, had arrived. She was immediately asked if she was desirous of being present in the room where the inquiry was holding, and upon replying in the affirmative, she was soon afterwards introduced.
The Chief Commissioner then told her the names of the witnesses examined, and some of the facts they had deposed to; and asked, if she wished to hear the evidence from their own mouths ?
Miss Caulfield : I will take your word for what you have said, Mr.Bingham; but certainly I should like to hear the evidence from the witnesses themselves; for I assure you this is a very iniquitous business on the part of all concerned against me, not even excepting the Rev.Thomas Anthony Methuen. - But first with regard to that good man, Dr.Francis Fox; and does he say that I am of unsound mind ?
Dr.F.Fox (addressing her) I think you are a lunatic.
Miss Caulfeild :- What are you reasons, Dr.Fox ? - That is only an opinion, a mere assertion. Prove your words. Let us have the facts and the reasons upon which you ground that assertion; because is it not right that an Englishwoman and a citizen of Westminster should be deprived of her liberty upon your assertion. Now good Dr.Fox proceed. I shan't be angry with you.
Dr.Fox :- Is not your Sister Emma dead, and have you not been speaking to her, as if she had been present ?
Miss Caulfeild : I am glad you came to the facts. I had a sister Emma, it is true, but I trust she is in Heaven. Now, gentlemen, Doctor Francis Fox and his wife sleep in the next room to me, and it appears have overheard me talking of my sister Emma, which they have mistakenly construed into me talking to her. Surely such evidence as this will not convict me of a loss of my senses.
Dr.Fox :- Have you ever had any intercourse with Satan ?
Miss Caulfeild :- (laughing immoderately.) Thank God Almighty, - Never ! - What a strange - what a preposterous idea ! Though hand join in hand, the wicked shall not go unpunished.
Mr.Bingham then stated the substance of Mr.W.Fowler's evidence.
Miss Caulfeild :- I should like to hear Mr.W.Fowler myself; but first I will state how Mr.W.Fowler came to attend me. You must know then, that Dr.Brabant was our usual medical attendant; but as my mamma and me have studied economy, and as Dr.Brabent charged a guinea for each visit, and Mr.W.Fowler only 5s, we have employed Mr.W.Fowler.
Mr.Bingham :- It is necessary that I should inform you, that the witnesses have given their evidence upon oath.
Miss Caulfeild :- I don't mean to say, Mr.Bingham, that the witnesses would intentionally perjure themselves; but still they are liable to mistakes; and I believe and trust, they have been mistaken in what they have said of me.
Mr.Bingham :- It has been stated that on one occasion you held a lighted candle out of the window, and applied it to the thatch, for the purpose of setting it on fire.
Miss Caulfeild :- That's partly false, and partly true; and I will give you the explanation. I had rung my bell, and I had knocked the poker against the floor, but still nobody came to me; at last I held a candle out of window, and I was not long without assistance; so there's the solution to that affair; and surely that's no proof of insanity. If any one has said that I burned the thatch, he has said what is false.
Mr.Bingham :- Miss Candler has deposed that you have called Dr.Card's son into your bed-room, and after tying an old fashioned picture around his neck, and placing a stick in his hand, you made him walk in military step before you.
Miss Caulfeild :- I can't recollect whether that is true or false, but it is not at all unlikely, for Dr.Card's son was a mere child, and I might have played some childish trick with him.
Mr.Bingham :- Miss Candler further says , that you once presented Mr.Wall with a stinging nettle as a nosegay.
Miss Caulfeild : That's false. I'll assure you, Mr.Bingham, that's false. But, (laughing immoderately) what an idea to found my lunacy upon !
Mr.Bingham :- Miss Candler has also said that you have spoken unkindly of your mother; that she has seen you with your hair loose on your shoulders; and that you have said your only consolation was in a silk stocking.
Miss Caulfeild :- I have never treated my mother unkindly : I have told her that she is surrounded by a bad lot, and have insisted upon Miss Candler's quitting the house. With regard to seeing me with my hair loose on my shoulders, will that be wondered at, when it is known, that from the terms of intimacy which subsisted between me and Miss Candler, she had free access to my dressing room. What has been stated of the silk stockings is false; and if it was not, I am not the only lady who has been fond of a silk stocking.
Mr.Bingham :- Eliza Kidney has stated that you have acted very violently towards her, and that on one occasion you tore her cap.
Here Miss Caulfeild entered into a long conversation with Eliza Kidney on the subject, and afterwards said to her - What a fool you must have been not to have moved your head quicker than I moved my hand; and when I caught hold of your cap, why did you force yourself from me - that is the way the cap was torn. But the truth is, Mr.Bingham, Eliza Kidney threatened me, and I gave it to her.
The Chief Commissioner told her of other facts which he had been deposed to; all of which she either parried or explained. Previously to her leaving the room, she said to Mr.Bingham : "Here are the Gentlemen of the Jury ! But where is the Judge ? We are in a room which might yesterday have been used for a feast- to-morrow a Bible meeting may be held in it. In my opinion the Town-hall would have been more befitting this occasion."
Miss Caulfeild's recollection appeared to be remarkably clear and the shrews and clever remarks she made excited the astonishment of all present : but the disease was visibly marked in her countenance; and her laugh (which was almost constant) was truly maniacal. She was under great excitement during the whole of the time she was in the room.
The Jury, without much hesitation, returned their verdict - "That Sophia Frances Mary Caulfeild, had been of unsound mind from July 1818, up to the present time."
Sale To-Morrow, At Bromham
Prime Dairy Cows, &c.
To be Sold by Auction, by Crockett & Son, Friday the 8th of February, 1833, all the Dairy Stock of Cows, Heifers, promising Colt, Pony, lot of Cheese, 3 stacks of prime Hay, 100 sacks of red and red-nose kidney Potatoes; the Dairy Utensils, few lots of Furniture, and Effects, of Mr.W.Long, quitting Bromham.
To Let, with immediate possession, the neat Dwelling-House occupied by Mr.W.Long, pleasantly situated at Bromham; containing a Parlour, Kitchen, 4 Bed-rooms, Celler, Out-offices, Stable, Gardens, and other convenient Out-buildings, all in excellent condition. For particulars, apply to Crockett & Son, Auctioneers, and House Agents, Devizes.
Rose Inn, Salisbury.
Useful Household Furniture,
Together with the general Effects of the above Inn.
To be Sold by Auction, on the Premises, by Mr.Crockett and Son, on Wednesday and Thursday, the 13th and 14th of February, 1833. - All the modern Furniture, good eight-day Clock, and Effects of Mr.Rowden, quitting the Rose Inn, in Fisherton-street, Sarum : comprising several good four-post, tent, and Sofa-bedsteads, with furnitures; prime feather and millpuff Beds, Mattresses, good Bedding, and an assemblage of neat mahogany Articles, in Tables, Chairs, Drawers, &c.; painted Drawers, Tables, Chairs, Sofa, pier and swing Glasses, Carpets, &c. copper Wort-pump, 1 1/2 pocket of Kent Hops, &c.
Upwards of 30 choice Dairy Cows, Graziers, Horses, Colts, Dairy and Farming Utensils, prime Hay, Household Furniture, Two Leasehold Cottages, &c. &c.
For Sale by Auction, on the Farm, by Crockett and Son, without the least reserve, on Tuesday and Wednesday the 19th and 20th of February, 1833, all the very prime Dairy and useful
Excellent Hay, Household Furniture, capital Barometer, 30-hour Clock, good Casks, and other Effects, of Mr.Daniel Tucker, deceased, at Pile Farm, in the parish of Seend:
Comprising 31 prime and young Dairy Cows, in and with calf; 1 fat ditto, 2 fine Graziers, Sow in farrow, 4 very good and useful Cart Horses, 3 promising Colts, 2 Waggons, 2 capital broad-wheel Carts, excellent covered Market-cart, Haymaking-machine, Drags, Harrows, good Apple-mill, 6 sets of good Harness, Ladders, 2 seven-stone Rick-staddles, 6 Cow-cribs, Van & tackle, Corn-stacks, waggon-lines, prongs, sieves, &c.
The Dairy Utensils include double & single Cheese-presses, 2 good Whey-leads, Barrel-churn, Vats, Tubs, Kivers, Milk-warmer, Milk-pails, &c.&c.
Large quantity of good seasoned Timber, Log-wood, Fagot-wood, Timber-chains, lot of old Iron, &c.
A neat assortment of Furniture.
The Live and Dead Stock will be Sold the first day; the Furniture and Cottages the second - Part of the Hay may be taken off the premises.
Precisely at 3 o'clock the second day, will be Sold, in two lots, Two Cottage Houses, one situate at Rusty Lane, and the other at Red Stocks; in the occupation of William Pead, and William Tucker.
May be viewed previous to the Sale, to commence each morning at 11 o'clock precisely.
In Devizes Green.
To be Sold by Auction, by Crockett and Son, at the Bell Inn, Devizes Green, on Friday the 22nd of February, at 5 o'clock in the afternoon, subject to such conditions to be then produced; all the Freehold, brick built Dwelling-House, with Brew-house, and a walled-in-Garden behind the same; pleasantly situated in Devizes Green, near the entrance to the town, in the occupation of Mr.William Ellen, as yearly tenant thereof.
The Premises contain a good front Dining-room, and Sitting-room behind, good front and back Bedrooms, an excellent under-ground Cellar, out Offices, and Garden : the whole in good condition.
For viewing the same apply to the tenant; and for further particulars, to the Auctioneers, Devizes; or to Messrs.Bloxsome, Wells, and Bloxsome, Solicitors, Dursley, Gloucestershire. - If by letter, post-paid.
Mr.Crockett and Son, beg to announce, that they have received instructions to Sell by Auction, on Tuesday the 26th of Feb., all the truly choice and valuable Stock of Cows, Dairy Utensils and Farming Stock, of Mr.John Ellis, (deceased) by order of the Executors. - Further particulars in next week's Gazette.
Choice Dairy Stock.
Mr.Crockett and Son, beg to notify to the public, that early in the ensuing month they will Sell by Auction, all the Dairy Stock, and Dairy Utensils, of Mr.Hitchcock, (deceased) at Etchilhampton.
Nearly 50 Head of Dairy Cows,
Further particulars next week.
Live & Dead Stock :
In The Parish Of Bromham,
Four Miles from Devizes, and 3 from Melksham.
Draught Horses, Pigs, Cart, Implements of Husbandry,
Dairy and Brewing Utensils, Household Furniture,
and Effects, the property of Jno.Hancock,
(Taken in execution by the Sheriff of Wilts.)
Will be Sold by Auction, by E.Mansell, on the Premises, on Tuesday February the 12th, 1833, the
Comprising 1 very useful grey draught Gelding, 1 brown ditto, 2 store Pigs, narrow-wheel Cart, Plough, 2 pair of capital Drags, Harrows, thill and trace Harness, Wheelbarrow, 6 dozen (nearly new) waddle Hurdles, Sheep-cages, 33-round Ladder (nearly new), Hogtubs, Pig-troughs, &c. The Dairy and Brewing Utensils consist of 1 single Cheese-press and lead, Cheese-tub and stand, double Whey-lead, 2 Barrel-churns, Milk-kivers, ditto Pails and Buckets, Scales & Weights, Cheese-vats, 3 iron-bound beer Cask, Tun[?]-pails, &c.
The Household Furniture includes 4-post Bedsteads and furniture, stump and press ditto, feather and flock Beds, mahogany dressing Chest of Drawers and dressing Glasses, oak dining, tea, and other Tables, &c.
* Sale to commence punctually at 12 o'clock.
To Stage Coach Proprietors, Hotel Keepers, & Others.
The Coach Department consists of a Day Coach to and from Bristol and London, every day, and a Night Coach to and from Bristol and London every night, on which the above 186 Horses are employed, from London to Brentford, and from Theale to Bristol. The ground (37 miles) from Brentford to Theale, is worked by a gentleman who is willing to treat with the purchaser for a continuance of the same. The average receipts of the coaches have been upwards of £24,000 per annum. The house at Thatcham is replete with every accommodation for the passengers to dine and sup, with Stabling, and 3 Fields of Meadow Land, the whole having been agreed to be purchased by Mr.Cooper for £1200, to be paid by quarterly instalments of £50, with interest at 4 per cent on the amount remaining unpaid, but the purchaser may complete the purchase at any time. The hotel at Bristol is held on lease for 7 years, from September 1831, at £120 per annum. The purchaser of the Houses will be required to take the Furniture and Fixtures at a valuation.
Cooper's Old Company's London
Bath & Bristol Coaches.
To be Sold by Tender, by order of the Assignees of Mr.Thomas Cooper, a Bankrupt, the whole of this Well Known Concern, consisting of
186 Horses, with their Harness,
&c., - Together with the Good-Will of the Coaches, and the Interest in the various Coach Offices; also the Houses at Thatcham and Bristol : the whole may be had together or separately.
Tenders for the whole, or for the Coach Business only, or for one or both of the Hotels, to be addressed to Mr.James P.Davis, Solicitor to the Assignees, No.31, Red Lion Square, London; or to Mr.B.Robinson, Horse Repository , Little Britain, London, on or before the 15th of February instant, and of whom all further particulars may be obtained.
Whereas, it hath been humbly represented unto the King, that in the night of Friday the 25th day of January last, or early on the following morning, a Cottage or Tenement, and a quantity of Straw Stubble (not less than twenty loads) belonging to Mr.George Jefferies, at Draycott Foliatt, in the county of Wilts, were feloniously and maliciously Set On Fire, by some evil disposed persons or persons unknown, and totally consumed.
FIFTY POUND REWARD.
His Majesty, for the better apprehending and bringing to justice the persons concerned in the felony before mentioned, hath been pleased to promise his most gracious Pardon to any one of them (except the person who actually set the said Premises on Fire), who shall discover his accomplice or accomplices therein, so that he, she, or they may be apprehended and convicted thereof.
And, as a further encouragement, a Reward of Fifty Pounds is hereby offered to any person (except the aforesaid), who shall discover the said offender or offenders, so that he, she, or they may be apprehended and convicted of the said offence. Twenty-five Pounds of such Reward to be paid by the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of his Majesty's Treasury, and twenty-five Pounds by the said George Jefferies, and the Swindon Society for prosecuting felons, &c. Information to be given at the Offices of Messrs.Bradford and Burt, Solicitors, Swindon, Wilts.
4th February, 1833.
Turnpike Tolls to be Let by Auction.
Whereas, in pursuance of the Notices given in the manner directed by the Act, passed in the third year of the reign of his late Majesty, "For regulating Turnpike Roads," the Tolls arising at the several Toll Gates, erected upon the Turnpike Road leading from Swindon to the Carpenter's Arms Inn, in Blunsden, in the county of Wilts, were to be put up to Auction to be let to the best bidder, at the Goddard Arms Inn, in Swindon, in the said county, on Tuesday the 5th day of February instant, at the sum the said Tolls produced last year, but no bidders offered for the said Gates.
Notice is therefore hereby given, that the said Tolls arising at the several Toll Gates, called Groundwell and Eastcott Lane Gates, will be Let by Auction, to the best bidder, at the Goddard Arms Inn, in Swindon aforesaid, on Friday the eighth day of March next, between the hours of one and three in the afternoon, in the manner directed by the said Act, and will be put up at such sum as the Trustees present shall direct - Whoever happens to be the best bidder for the said Gates, must at the time and place of letting, pay one month's rent in advance, and give security with sufficient sureties to the satisfaction of the Trustees , for payment of the rest of the money monthly.
By order of the Trustees,
|James Bradford, ||}||Clerks.|
Swindon, 6th Feb. 1833.
Whereas a Fiat in Bankruptcy is awarded and issued against Thomas Pocock, of Speen, in the county of Berks, Sheep-dealer, and he being declared a Bankrupt, is hereby required to surrender himself to the Commissioners in the said Fiat, named, or the part of them, on the 9th of February next, and on the 12th day of March following, at eleven in the forenoon on each day, at the Castle and Ball Inn, Marlborough, in the county of Wilts, and make a full discovery and disclosure of his Estate and Effects; when and where the Creditors are to come prepared to prove their debts, and at the first sitting to chose Assignees, and at the last sitting the said Bankrupt is required to finish his examination, and the creditors are to assent or dissent from the allowance of his Certificate. All persons indebted to the said Bankrupt, or that have may of his effects, are not to pay or deliver the same but to whom the Commissioners shall appoint, but to give notice to Mr.William Rowland, Solicitor, Ramsbury, Wilts.
The Court for relief of Insolvent Debtors. The matters of the petitions and schedules of the prisoners hereinafter named (the same having been filed in the court) are appointed to be heard as follows: at the Court House at Gloucester, in the county of Gloucester, on the first day of March, 1833, at ten o'clock in the morning precisely, William Waine, formerly of Cricklade, Wiltshire, farmer, builder, bricklayer, timber merchant, and hallier, then a prisoner in the county gaol of Gloucester, then of Norwood-street, and late of Vath-terrace, both in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, builder .
Take Notice 1. If any creditor intends to oppose the said prisoner's discharge, notice of such intention must be given to the said prisoner in writing, three clear days before the day of hearing , exclusive of Sunday, and exclusive both of the days of entering such notice and of the said day of hearing. 2. But in the case of a prisoner, whom his creditors have removed by an order of the court from a gaol in or near London for hearing in the country, such notice of opposition will be sufficient if given one clear day before the day of hearing. 3. The petition and schedule will be produced by the proper officer for inspections and examination at the office of the court in London, on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, between the hours of ten and four; and copies of the petition and schedule, or such part thereof as shall be required, will be provided by the proper officer according to the act 7 Geo 4.c.57 sec.76,......
Shearman & Freeman, 21, Barlett's Buildings, Holborn, London, for Tipton, Gloucester.