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  • The CZECH Mail List is intended to assist anyone wanting to do family history research in Czech Lands.   However, for a variety of reasons, other mail lists and message boards have been created that overlap with the topic area of this list.   Typically, these other lists focus on specific areas of geography, culture, and migrations.   Subscribers to the CZECH Mail List may find it helpful to subscribe to one or more of these other lists in order to gain access to a wider audience of other subscribers.

    A causal review of Czech history will show that the geographic region known as the "Czech Lands" has changed considerably in the past 500 years.   Some of the mail lists reflect these changes.   A mail list for Silesia, Lusatia or the Sudetenlands, for example, might actually have subscribers researching Czech families and they may not be aware of it!

    Terminology creates problems with the selection of mail lists.   For example, when one refers to "Bohemia" or "Bohemian", it sometimes means ancestors that lived in the geographic region called Bohemia.   On the other hand, it also might be referring to an ethnic group such as "Germans", "Czechs" or "Romani" from Bohemia?    The CZECH Mail List tries to address all aspects of Czech family history whether the Czech ancestor lived in Prague, Brno, London, or Chicago.   Czechs, as an ethnic group, are now distributed globally.   At one time; however, they were mainly concentrated in a small region of West-Central Europe.

    An ethnic Czech is one who "dreamed" in the Czech language.   It was a way of life that was separate and distinguishable from other Slavic cultures, primarily by it's unique language and dialects.   As an oversimplification, Czechs are a group of people who trace their origins to mythical or real individuals known as Cech and Libuse. The Lands of the Czechs were in a constant state of flux up to the end of WWI when a Republic was created that included most of the region.   The Czechoslovak Republic was created on November 14, 1918 from the historical Czech lands of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia as well as Slovakia and Ruthenia (Sub-Carpathian Russia).

    After WW II (1948), the regions known as Bohemia and Moravia were divided into 13 and then eventually seven districts.  The region of Bohemia was divided into five districts: Severočeský kraj, Zapadočeský kraj, Stredočeský kraj, Jihočeský kraj, Vychodočeský kraj and Prague.  The region known as Moravia was divided into two districts: Jihomoravský kraj and Severomoravský kraj.   Each political division had its major city and an Archive for storing historical records.

    English Names for the 1961 Czech Administrative Districts (kraje, kraj - singular)

    District Kraj
    Prague DistrictPraha
    Central Bohemian DistrictStredočeský kraj
    North Bohemian DistrictSeveročeský kraj
    South Bohemian DistrictJihočeský kraj
    East Bohemian DistrictVychodečeský kraj
    West Bohemia DistrictZápadočeský kraj
    North Moravian DistrictSeveromoravský kraj
    South Moravian DistrictJihomoravský kraj

    Source: Czech Republic FactBook 2000 with links

    Administrative Divisions Population Map of division Main City Population
    Stredočeský kraj 1,108,465 map Prague 1,193,270
    Jihočeský kraj 700,685 map České Budejovice 99,350
    Severočeský kraj 1,180,325 map Ústí nad Labem 96,490
    Východóčeský kraj 1,233,215 map Hradec Králové 99,320
    Západočeský kraj 857,384 map Plzeň 168,420
    Severomoravský kraj 1,964,888 map Ostrava 322,110
    Jihomoravský kraj 2,051,389 map Brno 384,730

    According to the CIA World Fact Book, the Czech Republic (Česka Republika) now has thirteen administrative divisions known as the Jihočeský kraj, Jihomoravský kraj, Karlovarský kraj, Kralovehradecky kraj, Liberecky kraj, Moravskoslezsky kraj, Olomoucky kraj, Pardubicky kraj, Plzensky kraj, Praha, Stredočeský kraj, Ustecky kraj, Vysocina, and the Zlinsky kraj.

    Current Government divisions (2004)

    District Alternate District Name Main City
    kraj PrahaPrazskyPraha
    Jihočeský krajBudejovicky krajCeské Budejovice
    Jihomoravský krajBrnenskyBrno
    Karlovarský krajKarlovarský krajKarlovy Vary
    Královehradecký krajHradecky krajHradec Králové
    Liberecký krajLiberecký krajLiberec
    Moravskoslezský krajOstravsky krajOstrava - Moravian-Silesian Region
    Olomoucký krajOlomoucký krajOlomouc
    Pardubický krajPardubický krajPardubice
    Plzenský a Karlovarský krajPlzenský krajPlzeň
    Stredočeský krajPrazskyPrague
    Ústecký krajÚstecký krajÚstí nad Labem
    Vysocina krajJihlavsky krajJihlava - Bohemian-Moravian Highlands
    Zlínský krajZlínský krajZlín

    Bohemia is still considered to be the Western region of the Czech Republic and Moravia is considered to be the Eastern region.   Historically, Prague was the capital of the Western region (Bohemia) and Brno the capital of the Eastern region (Moravia).   Since the end of WW I, Prague has remained the capital of the entire Republic.

    Even Smaller Political Divisions - Okres

    All Okresy České republiky

    Detailed Anaylsis of Political Subdivision of Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia

    Some may want a deeper understanding about the administrative, political, and judicial boundaries and how they have changed over a broader period of time.  It is almost essential to have these understandings in order to do serious genealogical research.  For this depth of knowledge, the reader is referred to an article called called the Detailed Anaylsis of Political Subdivision of Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia - The Development of Administrative Boundaries by Karel Kysilka.

    Message Boards and Mailing Lists

    Rootsweb has provided an excellent guide on how to get the maximum benefit from mail lists and message boards.   As stated in the guide, "Messages found on all message boards and most mailing lists are searchable, but a major difference between the two is that the boards are searchable on a global basis while list archives are searchable on a list by list and year-by-year basis.   Both archives are both browseable on an individual basis.   Anyone can search or browse boards and lists."

    Message Boards

    Message boards are an easy way to post information.   All one needs is Internet access to reply.   Occasionally a board might require that one register and use a password to post messages and replies.   Unless one constantly monitors the messages at the message board web site, it is very easy to lose track of the various "threads".   Someone might answer a message that is several years old.   The best message boards are "gatewayed" to mail lists.   That way, more persons can see the message and respond to it.

    Rootsweb Message Boards

    Czech Republic



    Prague (Praha)

    Central Bohemian District (Stredočeský)

    North Bohemian District (Severočeský)

    South Bohemian District (Jihočeský kraj)

    East Bohemian District (Vychodečeský)

    West Bohemia District (Zapadočeský)

    South Moravian District District (Jihomoravský)

    North Moravian District (Severomoravský)

    Silesia (Schlesien)


    John Fuller's "List of Lists" - Czech Republic Mailing Lists

    List of Lists (by John Fuller)

    Rootsweb Mail Lists

    A mail list requires that an individual subscribe to the list so they need a valid email address.   The messages can be closely monitored so they conform to the primary focus of the list.   Generally it is not possible to get "off topic" remarks on a mail list compared to a message board.   Mail lists generally have a "committment" to be responsive to queries by other subscribers.   Mail lists usually have a more knowledgeable base of subscribers compared to message boards, but the topics are "short lived".   Answers to queries 2 to 3 years or older do not suddenly show up in a mail list.   Also, mail lists can be condensed into a "digest" format where postings are combined and mailed less frequently.

    CZECH-L (This Mail List - Research in the former Crownlands of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia)

    CZECH-LOOKUPS-L ("Look-ups" in Czech Genealogical Records)

    CZECH-SURNAMES-L (Former surnames from Czechoslovakia and given names)

    CZECH-TRADITIONS-L (Czech traditions including food, recipes, and customs)

    BOHEMIA-L (Research in the former Crownland of Bohemia)

    GERMAN-BOHEMIAN-L (Culture, genealogy and heritage of the German speaking people of Bohemia and Moravia, now the Czech Republic.)

    BOHEMIAN-NOBILITY-L (Genealogical, cultural or historical interest in the Bohemian nobility)

    CZE-JIHOMORAVSKY-L (South Moravian District)

    CZE-PRAHA-L (District of Praha (Prague))

    CZE-JIHOCESKY (South Bohemian District)

    CZE-SEVEROCESKY (North Bohemian District)

    CZE-STREDOCESKY (Central Bohemian District)

    CZE-VYCHODOCESKY (East Bohemian District)

    CZE-ZAPADOCESKY (West Bohemian District)

    MORAVIA-L (Research in the former Crownland of Moravia)

    AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN-L (A bilingual English-German mailing list for anyone with a genealogical, cultural or historical interest in the former Austria-Hungary area.)

    AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN-NOBILITY-L (A bilingual English-German mailing list for anyone with a genealogical, cultural or historical interest in the ancient nobility of/in the former Austro-Hungarian area.)

    PolandBorderSurnames-L (A mailing list of surnames for anyone researching genealogy in the former historical borders of Poland including Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Moravia, Austria, Hungary, Russia, the Balkans, West Prussia and East Prussia.)

    SLOVAKIA-L (Genealogical research in the area known as Slovakia.)

    GEN-SLAVIC-L (Gatewayed with the soc.genealogy.slavic newsgroup for the discussion of Slavic genealogy.)

    AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN-JEWISH (Jews with Austro-Hungarian ancestry)

    State Links

    IA-CZECHS (Czechs who settled in Iowa)

    MN-BOHEMIANS (Bohemians who settled in Minnesota)

    MN-CZECHS-L (Czechs who settled in Minnesota)

    NE-CZECHS-L (Czechs who settled in Nebraska)

    TX-CZECH-L (Immigrants from Czechoslovakia to Texas, 1840-1930)

    City Links

    CHICAGO-BOHEMIANS-L (Bohemians in Chicago, Illinois, area)

    CHICAGO-CZECHS-L (Czechs in Chicago, Illinois, area)

    Top of Page


    Elaine T.Maddox Listowner

    If any links do not work or are considered inappropriate subject matter please contact webmaster

    Revised Date: June 01, 2006