Jones and Woodwards
The Jones and Woodward Connection
and the Road that Ran from Spann's Mill to
Luke White's Ferry in Chowan Co


James Jones' father, Henry Jones Sr d 1739 Bertie Co, and grandfather, William Jones Sr d 1712 Surry Co, VA, were Indian traders. In studying their records, I came to realize some basic "common sense" things I'd never thought about before. In reading the research of others, it's obvious that not everyone understands this.

The Indian traders were always the first to acquire Indian land when it had been opened up for patents. Treaties with the Indians prevented patents beyond certain lines. The traders wanted to be as close to the Indian lands as possible and also as close to a navigable river as possible to ship their goods down the river. Once new land was available in land that was previously Indian territory, the traders were the first to obtain grants. However, they did NOT move their wives and children onto that land. It was far too dangerous. They left their families "at home" where they'd be safe and "commuted" to work their new land. The early deeds of Chowan Co and Bertie Co are full of power-of-attorney deeds by wives living in Surry Co or Isle of Wight or some other location releasing their right to land their husbands were selling. Henry Jones Sr acquired his land in NC in 1711/12 but didn't move his family to that land until 1725.

The Indian traders often worked together in groups, perhaps for safety, perhaps just to help each other. You will find them moving from one area to another in groups. For example, Henry Jones Sr, his nephews Philip Jones and William Jones, and his neighbors Matthew Sturdivant and John Hawthorne from Surry Co were all granted land in the Oconeechee Neck on the Roanoke River on the same date in 1711/12. Very shortly after that, another neighbor from Surry Co, John Green, was granted another tract. The same thing seems to have happened when Henry's father, William Jones Sr, moved from his land on the south side of the Appomattox to the Nottoway River. You can see some of the other traders from the south side of the Appomattox moving down to the Nottoway River with him. The records aren't as complete, but it's enough to see the pattern.

But this story actually starts before the first record for William Jones Sr. It starts with records for Christopher Woodward who was issued three grants for land in Charles City County on the south side of the Appomattox in 1635, 1636, and 1637. It's doubtful he actually lived on this land as he's recorded as being at Jamestown. When he died, his son Samuel Woodward inherited these tracts. Samuel Woodward married Sarah Hollum, daughter of Robert Hollum and Ann Price. Samuel Woodward died by 1660 leaving "orphans", but only one is known, Samuel Woodward Jr. Sarah Hollum Woodward married again to John Sturdivant, an Indian trader, and had at least 4 more children, a son (possibly named John), Daniel, Chichester, and Matthew Sturdivant.

Adventurers of Purse and Person, Virginia 1607-1624/5: Families G-P edited by John Frederick Dorman p 233

In 1673 he received permission from the county court “to entertain Indians,” and he seems to have been an Indian trader in the employ of William Byrd I of Westover, who wrote, 29 April 1684, from James City to Thomas Grendon in England, “Old Sturdivant, his son, Millner, Shipy, Womacke and Hugh Cassell were all killed by the Indians in their returne from the westward, about 30 miles beyond Ochanechee, what prejudice it is to mee you may guesse, they having (had they come well in) made a very advantagious journey.” ……   Letters of administration were granted at January court 1690/1 to Daniel Sturdivant, on behalf of himself and brothers, on the estate of their mother Sarah Sturdivant, deceased.

Samuel Woodward Jr's stepfather was an Indian trader, but he chose a very different profession - but perhaps related. He ended up in Boston with a small ship sailing up and down the east coast between Boston and the Albemarle Sound. His name appeared as a headright numerous times on Nansemond Co grants, so he seems to have claimed himself and collected a headright certificate each time he entered a VA port. He either sold or gave these certificates to others who used them to get grants. The earliest grant that named Samuel Woodward as a headright was to John Perry dated 1682, two years before John Sturdivant died. 

I suspect Samuel Woodward Jr kind of "fell into" this shipping business because of his work with John Sturdivant. The traders on the south side of the Appomattox shipped their goods down the Blackwater River to the Albemarle Sound where they would be loaded onto ships to be sent to London or wherever there was a market for them. Samuel may have met the right people, learned the necessary sailing skills, and established a whole new life for himself. 

The Massachusetts Archives Collection contains the following record as sent to me be Linda Woodward Geiger: 
Samuel Woodward; 17 Oct 1687, 21 Dec 1688; master of Ketch Sparrow of Boston, licensed to sail for Maryland and Roanoke. v. 7: 34, 63.

Samuel Woodward Jr continued to sail up and down the coast until at least 1713, perhaps longer. He was dead by 1722 when his son Nathaniel Woodward in Boston sold the land of Christopher Woodward that he had inherited. This record proved that Samuel's wife at his death was Elizabeth Hudson. Samuel Woodward and wife Elizabeth had bought a tract of land in Chowan Co that they sold in 1713, so we know he was still alive at that time. A Samuel Woodward continued to appear in the Chowan records after 1713 and well after 1722, so it's obvious there was another younger Samuel Woodward living in Chowan. Between 1713 and 1722 it's impossible to tell which is which since the records after 1713 don't include a wife or ship or any other clue. During this period, Samuel Woodward Jr's younger half-brother, Matthew Sturdivant, was working the Indian trade business with Henry Jones and was granted land near him on the south side of the Nottoway River in Surry Co, VA and adjoining Henry Jones on the Roanoke River in NC. So let's stop here with the Woodwards and trace the Jones up to this point.

Henry's father, William Jones Sr, first appeared in the records when he was granted land April 8, 1674 in Charles City County on the south side of the Appomattox adjoining Hercules Flood. Flood received a grant on the exact same date adjoining William Jones, Williamson's [sic - Williams] land and the Blackwater, so we know William Jones' land was near the Blackwater. Flood had previously been issued a grant in 1663 adjoining both Samuel Woodward and John Sturdivant. If William Jones' grant adjoined this 1663 Flood grant, his land would have been very near the Woodward and Sturdivant land. On April 20, 1680, Robert Tucker was granted land on the north side of the Blackwater adjoining William Jones and Edward Bircherd [Birchett]. 

Since I knew the traders tended to work in groups and get land together at the same time, I wanted to know who else was getting land in the same area at about the same time. I already knew Hercules Flood was granted land on the same date. Hugh Lee and William Williams also received grants on April 8, 1674 on the south side of the Appomattox. Williams was interesting because it was described as Beg. where Samuel Woodward's head line runneth 400 po. from the creek parting Mr Farrar and the sd Woodward. It also mentioned John Maies and Anthony Wyatt

Apr 8, 1674 William Jones - south side of Appomattox beg. at a corner formerly surveyed for Hercules Flood

Apr 8, 1674 Hercules Flood - south side Appomattox adj William Jones, Williamson's land [sic - Williams] and the Blackwater

Apr 8, 1674 Hugh Lee - south side Appomattox, south side 3rd branch of Blackwater

Apr 8, 1674 William Williams - south side Appomattox beg where Samuel Woodward's head line runneth 400 po from the creek parting Mr Farrar and the sd Woodward ... John Maies... Anthony Wyatt

Shortly before that but still in the same area were other grants that would seem to relate, one involving the same Hugh Lee.

Oct 27, 1673 John Maies - south side Appomattox neigh Samuel Woodward's head line

Oct 27, 1673 Willm Bobbett - south side Appomattox adj Mr Whittington, Cattail branch

Oct 28, 1673 Henry Batts & John Sturdivant - south side Appomattox, second branch of Blackwater

Oct 28, 1673 Hugh Lee - south side Appomattox, to the Blackwater

Oct 30, 1673 Francis Whittington -  south side of Appomattox, Baylyes Creek

Oct 31, 1673 Edward Birchett - south side of Appomattox corner of Hen: Batt's land next James Thweate

It's pretty obvious that these Indian traders including William Jones Sr were working land right there close to the land of Samuel Woodward Jr and John Sturdivant. Not all of these traders would follow the Jones down to Surry Co and NC, but the Lees would follow to Surry, and the Bobbitts and Sturdivants would follow to Surry and on to NC. The Woodwards were not Indian traders, but they would meet up with the Jones again later in Johnston Co, NC. 

William Jones Sr must have been well-acquainted with the mariners who sailed in and out of the Albemarle Sound. You would expect this to some degree simply because he had to ship his goods down the Blackwater to the Albemarle and then arrange for shipment to England or other markets. But it was even more apparent when he was granted 600 acres on the Nottoway River in 1701 for "transportation of twelve persons. John Rudds four times imported & eight rights more due to Robert Bolling by order of ye Genll. Court held ye 21st day of October 1699 & by him assigned as appeares by ye sd order." Capt John Rudd (also spelled Rudds) is documented as the commander of the ship Hopewell that shipped goods to London. Rudd's name appears as a headright on many VA patents too. He was obviously doing the same thing that Samuel Woodward Jr had been doing - claiming himself when he sailed into a Virginia port to get a certficate, then giving or selling that certificate to others who redeemed them for land. Obviously William Jones didn't transport the same man, John Rudd, into Virginia for the first time four different times, but no one questioned it.

A headright certificate could be redeemed by anyone. You didn't have to show an ID or prove how you had acquired the certificate or anything like that. No one had to sign to transfer a certificate from one person to another. It was like a $50 bill - but worth 50 acres rather than 50 dollars. It didn't matter whose name was on that certificate or whether that person was related to you or whether you personally transported that person or paid for his transportation. If you presented the certificate, you could redeem the 50 acres. If you were hoping to get more than 50 acres, you might wait and save up your certificates until you had enough to get a larger amount of land. So some certificates might have been several years old when they were finally presented and the headrights named might have already died. 

A book was written about the Bobbitt family which overall was very well researched and documented, but the author jumped to some conclusions about the headrights on William Bobbitt's patents and the other people who were granted land with him at the same time. He didn't realize these were Indian traders. He believed that William Bobbitt's wife was Joanna Sturdivant, sister of John Sturdivant, and they were the two headrights on William Bobbitt's patent. But Bobbitt's patent didn't name the two headrights - they could have been anyone - and John Sturdivant was not a young man and had been in the colonies for years. Bobbitt and Sturdivant were granted land at the same time in the same location because they were Indian traders and wanted land in Indian territory near the Blackwater River - not because of some marriage between their families. Since the headrights on Bobbitt's patent aren't named, there's no proof that they were Bobbitt and his wife. Someone might have given him these two certificates to help him get started. As mentioned before, it was not safe for women and children to live on the land that the traders worked. William Bobbitt and his wife may have lived on this land later, but it's doubtful they lived on it right away. 

The Bobbitt Family In America by John W Bobbitt 1985

p 2

William Bobbitt and his wife paid their transportation to the Virginia colony and received fifty acres of land for each. The grants had to be made to the head of the family or to a single man. Women could not receive land grants. We know from this land patent that William Bobbitt and his wife did not have any children when they arrived into the colony, or they would have received additional land for the children.

p 14

William Bobbitt could not have been more than 20 years of age when he arrived into the colony. He and his wife were probably married in Wales. They had to be man and wife before the voyage in order to receive 100 acres of land as husband and wife, for making the voyage and paying their own transportation.

The author of the Bobbitt book also noticed that a number of people were granted land in the same area at the same time with Bobbitt and Sturdivant. He didn't understand that they were Indian traders. He thought maybe they all came on the same ship and all settled in the same area.

p 18

All of these patentees probably came to the colony on the same ship with William Bobbitt and his wife. They all lived in the same area. They were members of the same parish and attended the same church for worship.

Since this Bobbitt family followed the Jones from the Appomattox and Blackwater River area to the Nottoway River to the Roanoke River with the Sturdivants, I thought it was important to set the record straight. It was not because they all came on the same ship together. There is also no reason to believe that William Bobbitt's wife was John Sturdivant's sister. 

In 1694, William Jones (Jr) and his brothers-in-law John Ledbetter and Francis Ledbetter, were granted land in Charles City Co on Warwick Swamp. Ledbetter Jones who was granted land in Prince George Co in 1722 and 1724 and appears in the Bristol Parish Vestry records beginning in 1721/2  is believed to have been his son. William Jones Jr later lived in the part of Surry Co that became Brunswick Co shortly before his death, but he was referred to as William Jones Sr after his father died in 1712 since he was then the eldest living man by that name. This was to distinguish him from his brother Robert's son William who was referred to as William Jones Jr until 1735. He died in Brunswick Co between Aug 1735 and Feb 1736. This can be proven by the Bristol Parish Vestry Records. William Jones had been recorded regularly to help procession lands through August of 1735, but in Feb 1735 (actually 1736 by the new calendar) he was referred to as deceased and replaced by Daniel Jones.

You will sometimes see it claimed that William Jones Sr's wife Elizabeth was a daughter of Robert Blight whose will mentioned several members of William Jones' family but also members of an unrelated James Jones family. Nowhere in this will does Blight refer to anyone as son or daughter or niece or nephew. Blight was simply an unmarried trader with no children who had been doing business in Barbados and New England and was leaving the trade goods he had on hand plus the money he was due to his friends who were also traders. People have tried to read entirely too much into this will.

page 19. Will of Robert BLIGHT of Prince George. in Virginia, "sick and weak"
To William JONES, son of Robert JONES and Hester his wife, 1 caster hat
To James JONES, son of James and Rebecca his wife, of Prince George Co., 1 serge coat, a drugget jacket woven with spots, and pair of callimanco britches.
To Robert JONES, a drugget coat stript with white and blue stripes.
To James JONES, son of James JONES of Prince George Co.,5 yards of fine keen.
To Rebecca JONES, wife of James JONES, Jr.,one remnant of double damask, flowered with green and yellow flowers, and 9 yards of Dowlass.
To Phil. CLAUD,8 yards of double covered damask, 1 romall handkerchief, pair of work gloves.
To James JONES, son of James JONES, Sr. all money I have in hands of Hugh HALL, Esq., in Barbadoes, and what money I have in New England, said HALL being obliged to see it forth coming.
To David JONES, son of James and Rebecca his wife, one new pocket Bible.
To Robert JONES, son of William JONES of Surrey Co, all that remains in the chest after the legacies are paid.
Beloved friend James JONES, Jr., to be executor. 16 Jan, 1710
Signed: Robert BLIGHT
Wit: Thomas SEYMORE, Jane SEYMORE, John BREWER
13 Feb 1710---James JONES Jr. was appointed executor and will recorded.

Also in 1694, 93 acres was granted to George Passmore in the parish of Jurdens in Charles City Co adjoining William Jones, Henry Batt, and John Wallice?/Wallico?. There is no proof for the daughters of William Jones Sr as he didn't name them in his will, but I suspect George Passmore's wife might have been one of those daughters. The Passmores and Jones were close for generations. A 1699 Surry Co court record states that George Passmore had asked at the last court to have 200 acres surveyed, but William Jones Senr had entered that land as part of 600 acres in 1695. (Surry County, Virginia Court Records 1712-1718, Book VII, p 116) This was the 600 acres that was eventually granted to William Jones Sr in 1701. It's an awkward grant to figure out. Part of it is on the north side of the Nottoway River, while another part of it is on the south side farther west. This would have allowed him to establish landings on both sides of the river. 

William Jones Sr actually owned land on both sides of the mouth of Jones Hole Swamp. The land on one side came from his 1701 grant. The land on the other side was purchased from Hugh Lee Jr, son of Hugh Lee of the earlier 1763 grant on the south side of the Appomattox.

Patent to John Poythris, dated October 24, 1702, for 350 acres, Charles City County, on North side of Nottoway River, for importation of John Lee, Humphrey Hix, __ Standback, Robert Boroman, Hen: Snotgrooe, Wm: Lambred, and Mary Driv?, running thence along headline of a tract of 950 acres patented by Hugh Lee Junr. (and by him sold to William Jones, Senr., Robert Hix the Taylor Senr., and John Roberts).  Virginia Patent Book 9, page 396, 397. 

Patent to Thomas Wyn, dated October 24, 1702, for 200 acres, Charles City County, on South side of Jones hole swamp and North side of Nottoway River, for 4 rights paid to Wm. Byrd. adjoining land of Hugh Lee Junr., now in the possession of William Jones, Robert Hix and John RobertsVirginia Patent Book 9, page 406.

Robert Hix Sr the taylor was the father of Robert Hicks/Hix, the famous Indian trader of Fort Christiana. He was also the father of John Hicks who was the executor of the will of John Hawthorne who was granted land in the Oconeechee Neck on the same date with Henry Jones, William Jones, Philip Jones, and Matthew Sturdivant. When John Hawthorne died, Henry's older brother, Robert Jones, the father of William and Philip, bought Hawthorne's land and deeded it to two more of his sons, Robert Jr and Matthew.

Henry Jones received his first grant in 1701 on the north side of the Nottoway River on Joseph's Swamp near his father's land. In 1712 he received another grant on the south side of the Nottoway a little west of the mouth of Jones Hole at Flat Swamp. This was the tract he sold in 1725 when he finally moved to NC.

A tract was surveyed for William Bobbitt on the south side of Jones Hole Swamp in 1712. But Jones Hole is quite a long creek, and we have no way of knowing how close to the mouth that might have been.

Survey for William Bobbet
18 June 1712
Prince George County, Virginia
90 acres on South Side of Jones Hole Swamp
Prince George County Virginia Surveys 1716-1724, page 2

On 18 March 1717, John Green of Surry Co was granted 180 acres on the west side of Cabin Stick Swamp on the south side of the Nottoway River. On 22 Jan 1717, Matthew Sturdivant was granted 100 acres on the south side of the Nottoway on the west side of a "small branch". On 16 June 1727, Matthew Sturdivant was issued another grant for 220 acres on the south side of the Nottoway River on the southwest side of the Cabin Stick Swamp adjoining Robert Green and John Williamson. 

Surry County Virginia Deed Bk 6, P 3 

Sept. 27,1749----Oct. 17, 1749 Robert Green of Albemarle Parish Surry County to Hollum Sturdivant Jr. of same - - - 30 pounds 80 acres part of tract where Hesekiah Masie lately lived - - - Cabin Stick Run - - - line between Hollum Sturdivant Sr. and Henry Sturdivant. 
Wit: William x Bridges, Richard Rives, John Rives 
/s/ Robert x Green /s/ Hollum x Sturdivant

Surry County Virginia Deed Bk 6, P 6
Sept. 27, 1749 ---- Oct. 17, 1749. 
Robert Green of Albemarle Parish Surry County 5 shillings money to me in hand paid by my beloved niece Mary Sturdivant wife of Hollum Sturdivant Jr. Natural love and good will and affection which I have and bear unto my said niece. 100 acres South side of Nottoway River on Cabin Stick Run being the lands whereon Hezekiah Massie formerly lived except 80 acres part thereof which was conveyed by the aforesaid Robert Green by indenture. 
Wit: William x Bridges, Richard Rives, John Rives /s/ Robert x Green 

The wife of Hollum Sturdivant Jr was Mary Bobbit, daughter of John Bobbitt and Sarah Green. Hollum Sturdivant Jr was son of Hollum Sturdivant Sr and grandson of Matthew Sturdivant. John Bobbitt was the son of William Bobbitt Sr.

The name of this creek seems to have been changed, but you can still find a road called Cabin Stick Road on a modern map just south of the Nottoway River and west of the mouth of Jones Hole Creek. It's the same as Hwy 640. So Cabin Stick Swamp must have been very near Henry Jones' land on Flat Swamp. That is supported by this record.

Executive Journals of the Council of Colonial Virginia, Vol 3, p 164
October the 31st 1707
The Minutes of Council from the 30th of April last to this day were read over at hte Board and approved. On the petition of Thomas Wynne and Henry Jones setting forth that sometime since they did enter for five hundred acres of land lying on a Swamp called the Cabbin Shick Swamp on the South side of Nottoway River, which Entrys did somewhat interfere so that the Land could not be Surveyed till that difference was adjusted, and accordingly they did agree among themselves there being Land enough for them both, but before that agreement the dividing Line between the Countys of Surry & Prince George being run that Land appeared to be in the County of Surry & praying an order to the Surveyor of Surry to lay out the said Land for them according to their agreement, It is thereupon ordered that the Surveyor of Surry County lay out the said Lands for the petitioners according to their Agreement they providing legal Rights for the same.

The Surry Co court records of 1717 contain several entries for people who were summoned to testify in a case brought by Anthony Oblee against Matthew Sturdivant. William Jones, Henry Jones, Robert Hawthorne, John Davis, and John Thrower were summoned to testify for Matthew Sturdivant. John Freeman and James Sammon were summoned to testify for Anthony Oblee. (Surry County, Virginia Court Records, 1712-1718, Book VII, p 94)

John Green of the 1717 grant on Cabin Stick Swamp had died by 1727 when his son Robert Green was in possession of his land. Other sons were William Green and John Green. Henry Jones was closely associated with all three sons. It's not known if there had ever been a Jones/Green marriage, but that's certainly a possibility. 

The Nottoway River also emptied into the Albemarle Sound, so they could still do business with Samuel Woodward Jr and any other ship captains they were accustomed to using.

When the land along the Roanoke River - then called the Morattock - was opened up for grants, Henry Jones and some of his relatives and associates from Surry Co were among the first to stake their claim. On 26 Feb 1711/12, Henry Jones, his nephews Philip Jones and William Jones, and neighbors Matthew Sturdivant and John Hawthorne were all granted land in the Oconeechee Neck in Chowan Co, now Northampton Co. Henry's grant was for 640 acres. The next year, on 28 July 1713, Henry was granted 640 acres on Bridgers Creek and another 640 acres at Mount Royall.  

The Oconeechee Neck is a neck of land across from the present town of Halifax and the Quankie Creek. Mount Royall was a term used to designate a stretch of land on the north side of the river west of the falls (Roanoke Rapids) extending west beyond John Spann's mill at least as far as Canoe Creek and perhaps as far as Pea Hill Creek. Bridgers Creek was downriver from the Oconeechee Neck and can still be found on modern maps. The river was not navigable west of the falls, so a road was necessary to move goods from the Mount Royall area past the falls to the Oconeechee Neck where they could be shipped down the river. Such a road was built some time prior to 1725. It was ordered that this road be extended to the Meherrin River near the Albemarle Sound in 1725, and this was completed by March 1728/9 when William Bridger wrote his will. He left to his son John 100 acres "belonging to my plantation of the courthouse road adj William Bryant and a small pond". The 1733 Moseley map shows the road going right past the Bertie Co courthouse before it ended at the Meherrin/Chowan River at Luke White's Ferry. This gave the traders at Mount Royall and the Oconeechee Neck and Bridger's Creek still another way to transport their goods to the Albemarle Sound for shipment to their final destination.

Bertie Co., NC County Court Minutes 1724-1739

COURT OF PLEAS & QUARTER SESSIONS
BOOK 1
1725
pg. 29 JEFFRIES Ptn. for a Road from Bridgers Creek to Bradys Landing. Cop. Issued: Upon Petition of Mr. Simon JEFFRIES Praying That a Jury may be appointed to lay out the Road from Bridges Creek to meet the Road that is ordered from Henry WHEELERs Mill to Bradys Landing on Maherin River which is granted and Ordered that Richard BRASWELL and others or any Twelve of them be & they are hereby appointed a Jury to the said road...

1733 Moseley map

The "neck" is not obvious at all on the 1733 map above but is much more obvious on the 1770 Collet map below.The original road had started just east of Mount Gallant, a plantation between Canoe Creek and Green's Creek. Mount Gallant AKA Mount Galland originally adjoined Henry Jones' land, and Green's Creek was originally located on Henry Jones' land. Penelope Galland (m1 Maule, m2 Lovick, m3 Phenney, m4 Johnston) named this plantation Mount Galland for herself. It was inherited by her daughter Penelope Johnston who sold it to Gen. Allen Jones (son of Robert Jones Jr Atty, not related to Henry Jones) who called it Mount Gallant. It did NOT extend west of Canoe Creek, the creek after the two L's, so the map is inaccurate in that respect. Bridger's Creek is not shown on this 1770 map but should be about where you see name "Bryan". The original eastern part of the road seems to turn east at Bryan and pass by Hunter (Isaac Hunter bought the land called Rich Square and a community is still known by that name) to Dougles Ord. where it turns SE to cross the Veccaunes/Weccaunse Creek (now called Wiccacon Creek) and the Chinkapin Creek and on to the Chowan River.

1770 Collet map

The road shown on the 1733 Moseley map, Henry Jones' land along that road, and his neighbors and associates along this road and earlier in Surry Co influences Henry's children and grandchildren and probably later descendants as well. So we'll take one section of the road and one family at a time starting with the first land that Henry and other traders acquired in the Oconeechee Neck. The descriptions in the grants don't make it clear how the different grants fit into the neck, but by studying the later deeds, this can be determined.

On 26 Feb 1711/12 (we would call it 1712), grants were issued to Henry Jones, his nephews William and Philip Jones, Matthew Sturdivant, and John Hawthorne. Henry's grant was on the west side of the neck. Philip's grant adjoined Henry's on the south side. Matthew Sturdivant's grant adjoined Henry's grant on the north side. William Jones' and John Hawthorne's grants were on the east side of the neck. In 1713, Robert Lang, another Indian trader, was granted a tract in the neck adjoining Henry Jones, Matthew Sturdivant, John Council, and William Braswell. The Braswell and Council grants can't be found. The Braswell land was sold to Henry Wheeler who left it to Emperor Wheeler. Part was later sold to Peter Jones, son of Robert Jones and brother of William Jones and Philip Jones of the 1711/12 grants. Wheeler's Mill is labeled on the 1733 map.

This was the same Matthew Sturdivant mentioned above, younger half-brother to Samuel Woodward Jr, the mariner. For reasons unknown, Matthew Sturdivant decided to sell out and go back to Surry Co. He sold his land that adjoined Henry Jones to John Green (Jr), son of his neighbor John Green d by 1727 of Cabin Stick Swamp in Surry Co. Another son, Robert Green, was one of the witnesses.

Bk I, P 334----July 4, 1716----Aug. 6, 1716. 
Matthew Sturdivant of Chowan Precinct Letter of Attorney to John Nairne of Chowan Precinct to acknowledge the sale of 640 acres to John Green of Chowan Precinct. 
Wit: Henry x Jones, Robert x Green 

Bk 1, P 334----July 4, 1716. 
Sarah Sturdivant of Chowan Precinct Letter of Attorney to Robert Hicks to acknowledge to John Green "her right of dower and power of thirds" 

Bk 1, P 335----Aug. 6, 1716----Aug. 6, 1716. 
Mathew Sturdivant to John Green 
640 acres upon Moratuck River. No wit.


So in 1716, John Green (Jr) became Henry Jones' neighbor to the north. John Green's sister, Sarah Green, married John Bobbitt, and John Green gifted 100 acres of his Oconeechee Neck land to them. So John Bobbitt from Surry Co became a near neighbor to Henry Jones too. The 1736 Chowan Co will of John Bobbitt stated: I give and bequeath unto my first son, William Bobbitt one hundred acres of land more or less, lying in the Orraneechy Neck, whereon I now live, to hold to him, his heirs and assigns forever.

21 Oct 1718  John Green of Chowan Precinct to John Bobbitt of the same, planter for the love and affection I bear my brother-in-law 100 acres on the north side of Morattock  river on the Camion meadows, joining the Shokeko meadow and the said Green. Witnesses: Robert Hicks, John Nairne.

John Green later sold the remaining land to Capt Samuel Dalling who sold it to Robert Jones Jr, Attorney-at-Law, of Surry Co in 1751. Robert Jones Jr built his home called Mudcastle on this tract. At that time it adjoined Francis Jones (Henry's son who had been deeded the 200 acres out of Henry's land on the north end) and Bobbitt. This Robert Jones Jr was the father of Gen. Allen Jones who purchased Mount Gallant.

It's not known when John Green married his wife Amy Pace, but it was clearly before 1725.

Colonial Bertie County, North Carolina, Deed Books A-H, 1720-1757, by Mary Best Bell, p 30

B 128 John Green & wife Ammy (Elimy) to John Brooks (Broocks)
May 10, 1725 2 pds. 10 sh. for 50 A. On SS Morrottock River. Adj John Green. Wit: Thomas Smith, William Spiller. May Court 1726.

John Green's wife Amy was the daughter of Richard Pace Sr who wrote his will in 1736 in Bertie Co, probated 1738, naming wife Rebecah, sons William, Thomas, Richard, daughters Ann Steward, Rebecah Bradford, Amy Green, Francis Green, Tabitha Moore, Mary Johnson, and Sarah House.

Richard Pace's daughter, Rebecca Bradford, was the widow of John Bradford. She married again to William Aycock very shortly after her father wrote his will. Her daughter Frances Bradford would marry (or perhaps already had married) Henry Jones' son James Jones, and her daughter Rebecca Bradford would marry (had married?) Henry Jones' son Philip Jones. The third daughter Sarah Bradford would marry Joseph Lane, son of Joseph Lane, brother of Joel Lane.

In 1729, John Green sold to Richard Pace Jr (his brother-in-law) 440 acres at Wheeler's Mill Swamp from a patent dated March 1, 1719. This agrees perfectly with a grant to John Green, but you would never realize the grant was for land in the Oconeechee Neck at Wheeler's Mill Swamp from the description.

Will of John Bradford, Brunswick Co., VA  Written Nov 3, 1732 - Probated Nov 6, 1735 - Eldest son Richard, son Nathaniel, son John, eldest daughter Frances, second daughter Rebecca, youngest daughter Sarah, wife. Other heirs Gabriell Pickrell, Thomas Powell, Margaret Moore, her son Tobias Moore. Wife executrix. Wit: Richard Bradford Margaret Moore, Phillip Prescott

John Green eventually sold the remainder of his land to Capt Samuel Dolling/Dalling, a mariner from Portsmouth, New Hampshire who seems to have been in charge of the Jones' overseas shipping. He was closely associated with the Jones, appeared on many of the Jones records, and Henry's son John Jones even named one of his oldest sons Dolling Jones. Henry Jones had deeded 200 acres from the northern end of his 640 acre tract to his son Francis Jones, so Francis Jones' land and Capt Dalling's land adjoined. From the deed below, we can also learn that John Green had been granted land directly across the river in 1719.

John Hardy of Edge. Co., gentleman to John Minge of Charles City Co., Va.  18 May 1748  200 pounds current money of Va.  328 acres more or less on the south side of Morattock river, joining former land of John Green, John Brogdon, Moses Beck, Thomas Bryant, Dry Pond branch and the river opposite Dalling's landing and Francis Jones' landing part of a patent to John Green 1 Mar 1719   Wit: Montfort Eelbeck, William Taylor   Reg. Edge. Co. May Ct. 1748  B. Wynns C. Ct.

In 1741, John Green and wife Margaret of Bladen Co sold 300 acres on the Moratock River to John Hardy. Amy Pace had apparently died. In 1742, John Green Sr of Bladen Co sold 540 acres on the north side of the Morratoke river adjoining the river to Samuel Dalling.

Robert Jones Jr Attorney of Surry Co (not related) purchased a great deal of the land in and around the Oconeechee Neck. Much of this land can be recognized in his will. He built his home called Mudcastle on the Sturdivant/Green/Dolling land. Mudcastle can be found labeled on some early maps. His son, Gen Allen Jones, purchased Mount Gallant located farther west in the area called Mount Royall. Mount Gallant was just west of Henry Jones' tract second tract.

Let's move up to Henry Jones' land at Mount Royall. Mount Royall does not seem to have had any specific boundaries - at least not that I've been able to determine. It referred to land on the north side of the Roanoke River west of the rapids extending at least as far west as Canoe Creek and perhaps as far as Pea Hill Creek. Mount Royall and Mount Gallant were not interchangeable terms. Mount Gallant was the name of one specific tract of land - for many years only 560 acres - located within the larger region called Mount Royall. Thomas Avant of Surry Co was mentioned on many of the deeds and grants relating to Mount Royall.

County: Chowan Issued: 28 Jul 1713 Book: 8 pg: 286 File No. 980, Henry Jones
640 acres At Mount Royall No. side of Morattock river Beginning at an ash on Thos. Evans [Avant's] line on ye river then along his line No 320 poles to a red oak ... red oak on ye river thence along ye river to ye first station

This land was mentioned later in another grant for land that eventually became the land known as Mount Gallant. Henry Jones' land was on the east side of the Lovick land. There is no mention of a creek separating the two tracts, so Green's creek mentioned in later records must have been on the part of Henry Jones' land that he later sold to William Green.

County: Chowan Issued: 30 Mar 1721 Book: 3 pg: 71 File No. 477, John Lovick Esqr and Capt John Plowman
John Lovick Esqr & Capt John Plowman a tract of land containing 560 acres lying in Chowan precinct on ye N. side of Morrattock river at Mount Royal beginning at a red oak on ye river Henry Jones corner yn N 320 pole to ye centre of 4 oaks W 320 pole to ye centre of three marked trees (viz) one hiccory and 2 oaks yn S 240 po to a hiccory on ye river yn ye windings of ye river to ye first station. March ye 30th 1721

Henry Jones to William Green. Tract of land at Mount Royal, north side Morattock River; 320 acres being one half patent to said Jones dated July 3d, 1713; deed dated 16 July 1716. Test. Thos. Avent, John Nairn. Chowan Co DB B p 332

Henry Jones was mistaken about the date of the grant, but it was clearly the same land.

Henry Jones to David Crawley 320 acres known as Mount Royal, on the North side of Morattuck River. Sept 20, 1718. Test. John Nairn.

All of this land was eventually purchased by George Norwood. With these records, we can prove a great deal about the Crawley family and the Jones family.

Bertie Co DB C p. 124 William Green to George Norwood of Surry Co. Va. Aug 7, 1727. 12 pds for 320 A on NS Morattuck River at Mount Royall being uppermost half or moeity tract patented by Henry Jones Jul 3, 1713 cont 640 A Witnesses: Barryby Milton, Thomas Sheppard, C. Evans, Richard Moore, Robert Green Aug Court 1729

Bertie DB E p 69 William Crawley of Virginia to George Norwood Jan 22, 1736. 20 pds. For 320 A. on NS Morattock River “ the loward half of a tract of land that was surveyed for the said Henry Jones; for which he obtained a patent the 28 day of July 1713, from the counsel bord I North Carolina …” wit: David Razor (Rezor), John Glover, jurat, Anne Razor. February Court 1736. John Wynns D.C/C.

The land is reflected in George Norwood's will as is Green's creek which must have been the first creek east of Mount Gallant. That creek can still be found on a modern map but is currently unnamed.

Son Samuel Norwood a parcel of land containing 300 acres more or less beginning on Spann's line on the River and Running up the River to a Hickory at the upper End of his Low grounds; from thence up the Hill along a line of marked trees to Crawley's line and all my land with the plantation that is below them lines. ...to grandson George Norwood son of Nathanael Norwood a parcel of land containing two hundred and forty acres more or less beginning at a hickory on the River at the upper End of Samuel Norwood's low ground from the said hickory along Samuel's line to Crawley's line then along that to the road, then up the road to the head of the third small branch from the river which breaks out from the lower side of Greens Creek from the road down that branch to Green's Creek and down the creek to the river and down the river to the first station .. . grandson Nathl Norwood son of Nathl Norwood a parcel of land containing three hundred and ten acres more or less beginning at the mouth of Green's Creek and running up the creek to the fourth branch in the lower side then up that branch to a marked red oak at the head of it thence strait line from that oak to a marked white oak called the halfway tree standing in the fork of Greens Creek from thence along the line to the center of three oaks then along ?? line to the river and down the river to the first station ... to grandson John Norwood son of William Norwood a parcel of land containing one hundred and sixty acres more or less purchas'd of Crawley beginning at a marked red oak corner tree next the falling Run between Saml Norwood's and Fry's from the said oak Southardly along the line to the road, then up the road to the head of the third branch below Green's Creek, from the road down that branch to Green's Creek then up Green's Creek a small distance to the fourth branch up the fourth branch to a marked red oak at the road then a strait line from that oak to a marked white oak called the half way tree standing in the fork of Greens Creek from thence along a line to the first station... 21 April 1749

Henry Jones had deeded the land to David Crawley in 1718, but George Norwood had purchased the same tract from William Crawley in 1736. That helps us prove that the David Crawley who bought the land was the one who died in Prince George Co in 1726 leaving this tract to son William Crawley.

Will of David Crawley of Pr. Geo. Co. All the estate to wife Tabitha, during her widowhood and after that as follows: To son George, 245 acres on north side of the Meherrin River, bounded according to patent of 18 Feb 1722, with hogs and cattle To son William, 325 acres in Province of North Carolina, on north side of the Roanoke River and also my entry of land in Brunswick Co. on Cedar Creek. To Nathaniel Harrison, Esq., all my land, plantation, and stock on north side of Meherrin River adjoining John Walla and Henry Wych, towards payment of my debt, provided he will accept same. All the rest of land to son David. After various bequests, the rest of estate to be divided between wife and three sons. Son David to be executor. 29 March 1725 David Crawley Wit: William Crawley, James Thweatt, James Sturdivant  Recorded 13 Sep 1726  (Executor named in will was an ‘infant’ so wife appointed, executor)

This David Crawley was a well-known Indian trader and appeared in numerous records, frequently in association with Robert Hix/Hicks, another famous Indian trader whose father, Robert Hix Sr the taylor, shared ownership in a tract of land purchased from Hugh Lee Jr at the mouth of Jones Hole Swamp with Henry Jones' father, William Jones Sr d 1712 Surry Co.

Executive Journals of the Council of Colonial Virginia, Vol III, p 177, 178

April the 28th 1708

Whereas Complaint hath been made to this Board in behalf of Robert Hix, David Crawley and other Indian Traders Inhabitants of this Colony that in the moneth of September last past the sd Complainants being out a trading with the Western Indians & having purchased a considble quantity of Skins and furrs and left the same in the Towns of a certain nation of Indians called the Usherees, The Governmt of South Carolina caused all the said skins with diverse other goods belonging to the said Hix and his partners to be seized and carried to Carolina giving orders (as the said Hix was informed) at the same time to seize the said Traders in their return and to take from them all they had and to strip them and send them back to Virginia. And that the said Hix having afterwards gone to Charles town to know the cause why the governor had so seized their goods & to endeavor Restitution was obliged to severall weeks attendance and after a considerable expene in presents to the Governor & other persons had orders for Restitution of their goods but that a condiderable quantity of the same was still detained without any redress for the same and that at best the Governor of the said province obliged the said Hix to enter into bond under the penalty of five hundred pounds Sterl never to cross Santee River again, and all this without shewing any Reason for so doing This Board takeing the said Complt into Consideration are of the opinion that a letter be written to the Gover of South Carolina to represent to him that this manner of proceeding is altogether new and unprecedented that her Majty first by her royall instructions granted and afterwards confirmed by Law a free trade to all the Inhabitants of this Colony with all Indians whatsoever. That the Council coneive the Government of Carolina have no authority to monopolize all the Indian trade exclusive of her Majties Subjects of her other plantations. That this attempt is so strange and surprising that we know now what cause to assigne for it, and therefore desire the favour of him to signify to this Governmt whether there be any new authority granted them or other cause happened for intercepting our Trade that was not in being in former years when the inhabitants of this Government enjoyed it without Restraint, and to desire that the bond so extorted may be cancelled and the restriction removed till such pretensions be adjusted, wherein this Board will contribute their endeavor to bring all differences to an amicable conclusion for preserving that good Correspondence that is necessary between Colonys under the same allegiance, but if this way of seizure and interruption is continued this Government can neither in duty to her Majesty nor justice to themselves pass it over, and hope the Government of Carolina will excuse them if they lay their case under her Majestys immediate Consideration and in the mean time use all lawfull ways for righting themselves.

 

A Genealogical History of the Chappell, Dickie, and Other Kindred Families of Virginia, 1635-1900, compiled by Phil E Chappell, 1900, p 162 - 166

The Crawleys

The Crawleys – sometimes spelled “Craley” – have been a numerous family in Virginia for two centuries. The branch of the family, however, to which we shall confine ourselves, sprang from two brothers – David and William Crawley – who came to Virginia, probably during the last half of the seventeenth century, from Herefordshire, England, as will appear hereafter. They settled in the southern part of Charles City County – south of the James – where the Chappells were then living, but afterward located in Petersburg, where, for many years, they were engaged in merchandising and trading with the Indians. The Indians with whom they traded were then on the frontier of North Carolina, and among others was a tribe called the “Tuscaroras” – the most warlike and treacherous of all – with whom they were forbidden to trade. The following is a verbatim copy of the license grante to them by Governor Spotswood, who was then the chief executive of the colony:

“License to Trade with Indians.

“Virginia, ss.

“Alexander Spotswood, Her Majesty’s Lieutenant Governor, Vice Admiral and Commander in Chief of the Colony and Dominion of Virginia –

“To David Crawley and others. Whereas her Most Sacred Majesty by Her Order in Council, bearing date at the Court at Windsor the 12th day of September 1709 hath been pleased to signify her Royal Will and Pleasure that the trade from this colony with the Western Indians be carried on without let or hindrance or any molestation whatsoever, and that no dutys be Levied or demanded of any of her Majesty’s Subjects of this Colony for any Goods or Merchandizes which shall be carried by them to the said Indians, or back from thence by way of trade. And Whereas you have represented to me that you are now bound on a Trading voyage to Several Nations of Indians to the South West of this Colony, and desire my passport for your better protection in your going and returning with your goods and merchandizes: I do, therefore, hereby gie and grant unto you full License and Liberty to trade and Traffick with any nation of Indians whatsoever, except the Tuscaroras and such others as shall be actually in league with them. And I do by these presents Signify to all her Majesty’s Subjects of the Sev’l Colonys that it is Her Majesty’s Will and Pleasure that they suffer and permit you freely and quietly to pass and repass with your Goods & Merchandizes without any Lett, hindrance or Molestation or pretence of Any Dutys or Impositions to be demanded of ye same or any other account whatsoever, Provided always that you take a Certificate from the Naval Officer that the good ye carry out of this Colony be such as have been Legally imported here. –

“Given under my hand and the Seal of Her Majesty’s Colony and Dominion at Wm’burg, the 11th day of July 1712.

                                                                                             “Alexander Spotswood

[Seal]                                                                                               “Governor.”

David Crawley and his associates, among whom were William Crawley, Nathaniel Irby, and Robert Hix, all of Prince George County, then gave bond in the sum of L300 sterling to the “Sovereign, Lady Ann, by the Grace of God ruler of Great Brittain, France and Ireland and Queen Defender of the Faith &c.” The condition of the bond – which is too long to be copied in full – was that they should not violate any law of the colony and especially should not trade with the Tuscarora Indians.



William Crawley, the witness to David Crawley's will, was David's brother. James Sturdivant, another witness, was the son of Daniel Sturdivant, eldest son of John Sturdivant and brother of Matthew Sturdivant and half-brother of Samuel Woodward Jr, mariner. This is proven by a grant to James Sturdivant for 620 acres in Amelia Co dated 2 Jan 1737 for land originally granted to Daniel Sturdivant.

William Crawley, the brother of David Crawley of the will above, has been traced. He lived until about 1748. There is no indication that he left a son named Daniel Crawley who was granted land on the Quankie Creek in 1723. The grant doesn't state the county, but the Quankie Creek is directly across the Roanoke River from the Oconeechee Neck - actually almost directly across from Henry Jones' grant.


From A Genealogical History of the Chappell, Dickie, and Other Kindred Families of Virginia, 1635-1900, complied by Phil E Chappell, 1900: 

….William Crawley’s plantation in Amelia County was on Deep Creek, and he died there, probably about 1748, although the exact date is not known. He left one child – a son William – by his last marriage, and several by his first, for he was a widower when he married Sarah Chappell. His will has been found among the first recorded in Amelia County, but it is so mutilated that it cannot be deciphered, there being only a scrap of it left. The date is entirely gone, but there is mentioned in it a devise to John Chappell, and he also devises certain lands in Herefordshire, England. He also mentions wife Sarah and her son, John Chappel, in another place. (Will Book I., p. 5.)

William Crawley, Sr, had the following children by his first marriage viz.: David, John, Benjamin, Elizabeth Jones, Catharine Ward, and Martha and Nancy Crawley. Of these sons, all died in Amelia County, and each left a will recorded in that county ….

Daniel Crawley (Crayley)

26 Mar 1723

NC Patent Book 3  Page 135

300 Acres on the South side of the Morratuck River joining the river and a point near Quinkey Creek.

(Province of NC Land Patents by Hofmann, page 190, # 2069.)

I have not been able to find the original of this grant to see if it states where this Daniel Crawley or Crayley was from, but it seems he must have been another brother to William and David. This is supported by an Edgecombe Co deed. He was not a son of David and he doesn't appear to have been a son of William.

The same Daniel Crawley owned land on the N side of the Morattock that came from a 1719 grant to Robert Lang - not the same as Lang's land in the Oconeechee Neck.

Bertie Co DB B p 289 Daniel Crawley to Gideon Gibson Aug 7, 1727. 20 pds. for 100 A. on NS Morattock River. Part of patent granted Robert Land [Lang] for 380 A. between John Pace and Edward Clark on mouth of Quincy Gutt. Wit: Barn. MacKinne, jurat, Barn. MacKinne, Jun. August Court 1727. Robert Forster C/C.

DB 6 p 193 David Crawley of Edge. Co to James Leslie of Edge. Co., merchant. 8 Feb. 1757 100 pounds current money of Va. 300 acres near Quankey creek, joining Roanoke river, all houses, buildings etc. a patent to Daniel Crawley and bequeathed to the sd. David by the sd. Daniel in 1742. Wit: Charles Burkes(?), Henry Evans, Joseph Irby Reg. Edge. Co. May Ct. 1757 J Montfort C. Ct.

Daniel Crawley was not the father of David Crawley who was selling this land - he was David's uncle. The David Crawley who was selling this land was the "infant son" named in the will of David Crawley of Prince George Co. He can be traced through the Brunswick Co records that prove he had become a mariner. He eventually moved to Edgecombe Co where he acquired land adjoining John Jones, son of Henry Jones Sr d 1739. David Crawley had several children by John Jones' daughter, Lucy Jones, and provided for Lucy and her children in his will. It seems that David Crawley (Jr), mariner, John Jones (son of Henry Jones), and Capt Samuel Dolling, mariner, were closely associated with each other and had almost certainly worked together shipping goods to England.

     Indenture made 15 May 1746 between David Crawley of Prince
George County, Mariner, and John Wall the Younger of Brunswick
County, Gent. 5 Shillings, 240a, on Maherrin River on North side
thereof, which tract was formerly granted to David Crawley the
Father deceased by Pattent dated 18 February 1722 and Decends to
the said David Crawley as heir at Law, for term of one whole
year. Signed David Crawley. Witnesses: George Wallton, Michael
Wall, Richard Ransom, Matthias Davis, John Butler, Walter
Campbell. Court July 3, 1746, Indenture proved by the Oaths of
Michael Wall, Gent. & Walter Campbell. Court September 4, 1746,
further proved by the Oath of Matthias Davis. Deed Book 3, Page
215.


Indenture made 15 May 1746 between David Crawley of Prince
George County, Mariner and John Wall the Younger of Brunswick
County, Gent., 60, releases 240a on N. side of Maherrin River.
Signed David Crawley. Witnesses: George Wallton, Michael Wall,
Richard Ransom, Matthias Davis, John Butler, Walter Campbell.
Court July 3, 1746, Indenture proved by Michael Wall, Gent, and
Walter Campbell. Court September 4, 1746, further proved by oath
of Matthias Davis. Deed Book 3, Page 217.

 Two deeds were required to complete the conveyance - a system called deeds of lease and release.

This land matches exactly one of the grants made to David Crawley the Indian trader in 1722. At that time, the land was in Surry Co, but that part of Surry later fell into Brunswick Co.

David Crawley of Prince George Co 18 Feb 1722 240 acres in Surry Co on the Meherrin River beginning by the side of the river just below the mouth of a small branch.

So we know that David Crawley Jr, son of the famous Indian trader, was still of Prince George Co in 1746, but he had become a mariner. How interesting! Another case like Samuel Woodward Jr! A young man raised by a trader - turned mariner - seemingly "out of the blue". It gets MORE interesting....

In 1725, Henry Jones sold his homeplace land on the Flat Swamp on the south side of the Nottoway River in Surry Co and moved his family to the Oconeechee Neck. By then, his elderly mother had died and his older sons were grown.

5 Feb 1724/25. Bertie County, NC Deed Book A, page 350:
Thomas AVENT of Surry Co, VA to John Jones of Surry Co, VA. 10 pounds for 640 acres at Mount Royall on River low ground. Surveyed and patented for Thomas AVENT by John GRAY on 30 Mar 1721. Adj. Jacob COLSON. Wit: John GRAY, jurat, Ralph MASON. February Court 1724. John Sutton D. C/C.

This would have been very near the land that Henry Jones had sold to William Green and David Crawley Sr. Henry Jones did have a brother named John Jones, but there is nothing in his records that indicates he was interested in the Indian trade business. This John Jones was almost certainly Henry's son. But he disappeared from the records until Henry named him in his will in 1733. This tract of land disappeared from the records too. According to Henry's will, John was to inherit a tract of land and Philip was to get "my overseas dealings". But the will wasn't presented and the estate was administered as if there were no will. Henry Jr deeded the land intended for John to Philip - and John simply didn't appear in the records for years. His brothers did - even Capt Samuel Dolling who seemed to be responsible for shipping their goods to England did - but not John. John Jones didn't turn up until 1739 when he entered 200 acres in the fork of Marsh Swamp. I have not found a grant for that land. In 1754, he was granted land adjoining his brother Francis Jones and Edward Robinson on Marsh Swamp in Edgecombe Co. In 1757, Edward Robertson [sic] sold land adjoining John Jones to David Crawley of Edgecombe Co. (DB 6, p 201)

The earliest record I have found for David Crawley in the Edgecombe records was dated 1747. He was only acting as a witness at that time for a deed from Samuel Dalling to John Minge. Capt Samuel Dalling (also spelled Dolling) had been active in the area though. His home was in New Hampshire and he sailed back and forth to England, but he frequently appeared on the Jones records as a witness or power-of-attorney. It seemed so strange that all of John Jones' brothers and even Capt Samuel Dalling were appearing as witnesses on the Jones documents but not John. However, he did purchase land and acquire grants. 

From a MARS search at NC Archives:
Thomas Wood and Darlin Jones were chain carriers for an Edgecombe survey (by John Haywood, surveyor) for John Jones for 550 acres described as "Bear Swamp, John Melton". The plat was dated 22 Jan 1756.

John Jones wrote a will that was mentioned in the records but unfortunately not recorded and lost. He died by 1760 in Halifax Co. His wife Elizabeth -- was almost certainly his second wife. His children by her have been proven  by other records as John, Penelope, and Thomas. His other children included Dolling Jones and Lucy Jones who sold a tract together that they inherited from their father and a son named James who was mentioned in grant.

2 August 1744, Francis Young of South Carolina sold 192 acres on Buffalo Branch to William Bobbitt, Sr., of North Carolina, for seven pds. Witnesses were Richard Benett and Charles Tomson (x his mark) (Edgecombe Deed Bk. 5, p. 339). This was the land Francis had been granted in 1738.

NCGRAN-DE1 pp. 71-72, WILLIAM BOBBITT to JOHN JONES of Edgecombe County, 100 acres on the south side of Buffalo Creek at sd. WILLIAM'S line dated 4 Apr 1755, W: WILLIAM ANDERSON and JOHN STEELE

Warren Co (Bute Co) NC Deed Book A p.96 Dolling JONES of Halifax Co & Lucy Jones to Clement ARLEDGE 15 Oct 1764 45 pds VA money for 100 a where William Bobbit formerly lived on SS Bufelow Branch Reg 21 Mar 1765; wit: Jas Thompson, Francis Bell, Drucilla Thompson

William Bobbitt of these records was the son of John Bobbitt and Sarah Green, Henry Jones' neighbors until his death.

With the unusual name Dolling, it was pretty obvious this son had been named for Capt Samuel Dolling. John Jones and Capt Samuel Dolling must have had a really close relationship, but they never appeared together in the records. Why not?

John Jones was also the father of at least two more children, James Jones who was proven by a grant that reserved land for him (he was later in SC with Dolling Jones), and another son also named John Jones who inherited and sold 300 acres that John had purchased from Samuel Murray in 1746 farther east on Swift Creek near the Tar River. (Edgecombe/Halifax Co DB 3 p 84) This son John Jones sold it to Hardemon Pope in 1762 and moved to Johnston/Wake Co where he was associated with his cousins, the children of Henry Jones' son, James Jones. These children were probably by an earlier wife.

David Crawley had purchased Edward Robinson/Roberson's land adjoining the land of John Jones in Edgecombe Co in 1757. John Jones' daughter, Lucy Jones, was David's "girlfriend" and the mother of several of his children. She was well provided for when David Crawley wrote his will 1773 Halifax Co. No wife was named, but he did have several legitimate children in addition to his children by Lucy Jones.

So we have an interesting situation. David Crawley d ca 1773, son of the famous Indian trader, had become a mariner who worked with the Indian traders. His father had been a close friend to Henry Jones, and he was a close friend to Henry's son, John Jones. Capt Samuel Dolling was a mariner and a close friend to John Jones and the other Jones brothers. It's very possible that John Jones, Capt Samuel Dolling and David Crawley had been working together as a team. Dolling's home was in New Hampshire, and he was licensed to sail to London. Crawley's home was in Prince George Co until 1757 when he bought Edward Robinson/Roberson's land adjoining John Jones' land in Edgecombe Co. It's my guess that Crawley had been handling the shipping up and down the east coast, much like Samuel Woodward Jr had. John Jones never (or almost never, just in case) witnessed Jones documents and seems to have been mysteriously unavailable. When his father Henry Jones Sr died, he was not given the land as expected - Philip was given the land instead. Was John given the overseas dealings instead? Is that why the will wasn't probated - so John could take over the overseas business instead of Philip? Was John working the business in England? Even Capt Samuel Dolling who was sailing back and forth from England was leaving records in Northampton and Edgecombe and Halifax. Was John so busy in England that he seldom sailed back to NC?

Let's move down to Henry Jones' land at Bridger's Creek.

County: Chowan Issued: 28 Jul 1713  Book: 8 pg: 286  File No. 981, Henry Jones
640 acres lying in Chowan precinct on ye S. side of Briges Creek on Morattock river Beginning at the mouth of Briges Creek, then various courses up ye Creek 342 poles to a Cypress yn S 320 poles to ye centre of 2 Oaks & a hicory then Wt 320 poles to Cycamore on ye river, thence along ye river to ye first Station …. July 28th anno Dom 1713

County: Chowan Issued: 30 Mar 1721 Book: 3 pg: 75 Entered: (no date) File No. 510, Needham Bryan
Needham Bryan a tract of land containing 640 acres lying in Chowan precinct on the  N. E. side of Morattuck river beging. at ye centre of 2 oaks & hiccory near ye river being Henry Jones corner yn. along his line Et 320 pole to ye centre of a red oak and hiccory yn. S 320 to ye low grounds yn. to ye first station. March ye 30th 1721

This was an interesting coincidence. Needham Bryan witnessed Henry Jones' will in 1733. But the will wasn't presented after his death in 1739. Bryan proved the will in 1758. "Jurat" is noted beside his name. Letters were issued. Why? What was the point after so many years? The estate had already been settled intestate by Henry Jones Jr. He had been named in the will as the executor, but he had died about 1752. So who were the letters issued to?

Both Needham Bryan and Henry Jones sold their tracts at Bridger's Creek within just a few years and both tracts ended up in the possession of Simon Jeffreys.

Needham Bryan did own this tract not far from Henry Jones' homeplace tract, but when Henry wrote his will, Needham Bryan had been living at another tract called Snowfield for quite a few years. Snowfield was somewhat south of the road that continued east from Bridger's Creek between the Kesiah Creek and the Roanoke River. When Henry Jones wrote his will, Needham Bryan's wife was Ann Rombeau, but his last wife is said to have been Sarah Woodward. Nothing is known about her, but she did survive him. 

The Colonial Records of North Carolina, Volume 2 p 425

Att a Council held at the Towne in Queen Ann Creek, March the 30th 1721

Simon Jeffereys Petition was Read shewing that Author Whitehead in March 1717 obtained a patent for 640 Acres of Land lying at Moratock which is not seated annd planted according to the Tenor of the sd patent pray a Lapse patent may be granted to him for the same

Ordered that the same be granted

Bertie DB C:53 Arthur Whitehead & wife Isabelle sold this 640a to John Perrit. It was on lower side of Bridgers Creek adj Henry Jones, granted 9 March 1717/18. 

This was  Arthur Whitehead ca 1690-1750/51 m Isabella Pursell, dau of Arthur Pursell

He was son of Arthur Whitehead ca 1645-1710/11  m Mary Godwin, dau of William Godwin (will recorded 1720 IOW) and Elizabeth Wright

Mary Godwin's sister, Elizabeth Godwin, m William Bridger ca 1658-1730


Will of William Bridger 11 Mar 1728/29 – proved Nov Ct 1729 Bertie Prec.
son William Bridgers to have “plantation whereon I live” when he is sixteen
– daughter Sarah Bridgers – basin, blanket, etc
– son Josef Bridgers “plantation on Fishing Creek”
– son John Bridgers to have 100 acres belonging to my plantation of the courthouse road adj William Bryant and a small pond.
– when my brother Benjamin Bridgers “time is out” I leave all the stock on my Fishing Creek plantation to be divided between my children.
– my Negro Jack is to be sold for money to school my children.
– son John – Negro girl when he is sixteen
brother William Bryant (married to Patience Dew) – my great cote.
– father John Dew – riding jacket and britches.
– wife Sarah Bridgers – remaining estate
EX: William Bryant, John Dew
witnesses John Dawson, William Bryant, Richard Hais, Mary [x] Haise.
from abstract by David B Gammon

 Some say the son William Bridgers is the same as William Bridgers who died in Johnston Co in 1751 naming friend Philip Jones as his executor and James Aycock and James Bryant as witnesses. There is some argument about this. But since Philip Jones and James Aycock had just arrived in Johnston Co - this was their very first record there - William Bridgers would almost have to be someone they had known from Northampton Co. 

Will of Arthur Purcell of Isle of Wight dated 21 Mar 1717, recorded 27 May 1739
Son Arthur Pursell, son Thomas Pursell, daughter Isabella Whitehead wife of Arthur Whitehead, wife. Presented in court by Mary, his widow and relict.

Son Arthur Pursell (Jr) - Isabella Pursell Whitehead's brother - wrote his will in Isle of Wight naming his wife Sarah.

Wills and Administrations of Isle of Wight Co, VA. 1647 -1800 . Will Book 5; page 3
Arthur Pursell: Leg. son Arthur; son Philip; daughter Sarah Johnson; daughter Mary Fulgham; Daughter Patience Exum; daugher  Elizabeth Turner; daugher Ann; daughter Jean;daughter Martha. My estate to be divided by Thomas Williamson and Josiah John Holleman. Exs., wife Sarah and son Arthur Pursell. D. July 10, 1745. Recorded January 27, 1745. Witnesses: Thomas Williamson, Michael Harris.

Chowan Co marriage records

Saml. Woodard and Mrs. Sarah Pursell. Augt. 2, 1750. Luke White, bondsman.
Richard Woodward and Abigail White. Jany. 23, 1752, Luke White, Edward Woodward, bondsmen.
Samuel Woodward and Mary Coupland. Sept. 17, 1754. Arthur Allen, bondsman

The following comes from the original will, not the clerk's copy in the will book.

In the Name of God A Man I Samuell Woodward of Chowan County in North Carolina being asshured that it is ordained for all men once to Die Do Make and ordain this Present Wrighting to be my Last Will & testament and no other and I Do Revoake and Utterly Disallow all other Will & Wills Testament or testaments heretofore by me made and this to be taken for my last will and testam and no other

Item I give to my Son Sammuell Woodward one hundred acres of Land moor Less Beginning at a Shilling tree then Runing to the Cyprus Pond A Joyning to Black hoal Lane and one hundred and fifty acres of Land where he Now Lives on

Item I give to my Son Edward Woodward one hundred acres moor or Less as the path goes from Miles Halsey to the throorfair to the golbery and one Negro called Mingo that he has now in Possession

Item I give to my son Richard Woodward the plantation I now Lives on with the Rich Neck Joyning upon it And one Negro fellow Called Cupid and further if my son Richard Woodward Dyes without Are then what I give him be Equally Divided a monkst my other Children

Item I gives to my wife Sarah Woodward two garls named Dyner and Munrenes(?) During her Natural Life or widowhoold and after life or marriag then I give to my Daughter Elizabeth White my Negro Garl Dyner and Murreen to my son Richard Wodward

Item I give to my wife all my hogs and half my cattle and the other half of my cattle to my son Richard Wodward and further I give this Rowan(?) and half my housole goods to my wife and the other half of my househole goods to my son Richard and that my wife is not to take nor conveay of from this Land any of the afore Mentioned Negroes the Corn and Meate that is for my house use I give to my wife Sarah Woodward to 60 full bound Barrils by ??? Walles I Segue them to my three Sons Samuell Edward and Richard 20 Each Item I gives to my Daughter Elizabeth White A Negro garl Names Rose W--? She has now in possession to 69 Barrils of tar which Capt Jon Cambell now owes for I give to my son Richard 20 ?? to my Son Edward 20 to my Son Samuell 29 Barrrels I ordain and appoint my Son Samuel Woodward and Luke White Junur for to be my hole and Sole Executers of this my Last will and testament and for a certainty of this being my Last Will and testament I have hereunto Set my hand and fixed my Seal this 18th Day of March 1752                         (Seal)

Test                                                                         his

Charles Roberts   Jurt                                Samll    +     Woodward

Richd    x    Woodward   Jurt                                mark

Letters issued April 25 1752

 

Inventory of the estate of Samuel Woodward presented by Samuel Woodward executor dated Augt 22 1752

 

To the Sherriff of Chowan Counthy Greeting

We Command you to Cause to Be Sommoned Samuel Woodward Extr of Samuel Woodward late of the County aforesaid deced personally to appear before the Justices of our Court of Common Please to be held for our said County at the Court House in Edenton on he first Tuesday in October next then & there to answer the Petition of Sarah Woodward which must in no wise be omitted and have you there this writ Witness Thomas Jones Clerk of our Said Court at Edenton this 9th day of July Anno Lord 1756     Thomas Jones 


It has not been proven which member of the White family Elizabeth Woodward had married. There is an estate folder for John White of Chowan Co dated 1736 which names his wife as Elizabeth. However, there is not enough additional information in this folder to be sure she was Samuel Woodward's daughter. There are also Chowan Co court minutes for July 1750 that mention John White and Eliza his wife. This John White and wife would appear to be alive, and this is closer to the date of Samuel Woodward's will. But again, there is not enough information to make the connection.

Richard Woodward died by April 3, 1755 when his widow Abigail (White) petitioned for administration and for persons to divide the estate between his estate and orphan, Priscilla Woodward. Abigail White Woodward had married again to a Mr Ambrose by the time her father, Luke White Jr, wrote his will in 1770 referring to her as Abigail Ambrose. Incredibly, Luke White Sr, the ferryman, was still alive in 1770 and was also named as an heir. When Luke White Jr wrote his will in 1770, he left five pounds proc money to Luke White Senr. Some people have tried to interpret this as Luke White "son", but if you examine the original will, there's no doubt that this is "Senr", not "son". So this 1770 will is actually the will of Luke White Jr. No will has been found for Luke White Sr, and it's only known that he died some time after 1770.

According to Notable Southern Families (copyright 1922), Needham Bryan married his last wife, who they stated was Sarah Woodward, in 1752. No source was given and no record has been found for the marriage. Maybe that account was in error. We have no to assess how accurate the account was without a source. Needham Bryan wrote his will in 1767 and Sarah was named as his wife at that time. So we do at least know his last wife was named Sarah. But was she really a Woodward? Sarah is believed to have died before May 15, 1777 when a settlement and division of the estate was made. Widow Sarah Bryan was not included in that division and is believed to have died shortly before that division. I have not seen anything relating to her estate.

So was this the same Sarah through all these records? First the widow of Arthur Pursell - next the widow of Samuel Woodward d 1752 - next the widow of Needham Bryan? It's very unlikely that Needham Bryan's wife was the widow of Samuel Woodward d 1752 since Samuel's widow had presented a petition to the Court of Common Pleas in 1756 as Sarah Woodward.

Did the names Samuel Woodward and Luke White look familiar? We already know the old road came out at Luke White's Ferry in 1733, and we know Samuel Woodward Jr, mariner, was shipping goods up and down the east coast between the Albemarle Sound and Boston and his younger half-brother Matthew Sturdivant was an Indian trader associated with Henry Jones. We also know the Jones had been sending their trade goods down the Blackwater, Nottoway, and Roanoke Rivers to the Albemarle Sound for shipment for years. But Samuel Woodward Jr, mariner, was dead by 1722,  possibly earlier, so this can't be the same Samuel Woodward in later records. Was there a connection? Absolutely!

The North Carolina Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume 1, edited by James Robert Bent Hathaway, p 149

At a Court held for Chowan Precinct, at the house of Robert Hicks, at Queen Anne’s Creek, 17 April, 1716….

Ordered that a ferry be kept at Luke White’s, or some other convenient place in Rockyhock, and that a road be cleared from thence at Ballard’s Bridge, with least inconvenience to the owners of the land.

So Luke White's Ferry that's labeled on the 1733 map had existed for about 17 years at the time that the map was drawn.

Luke White lived to be very old. There is a deed from Luke White Senr to Solomon Hill dated October 10, 1764 in which he identifies himself as "Luke White Senior of the county of Chowan Ferryman" and a later 1770 will by Luke White who leaves a bequest to Luke White Senr. "L White" is labeled on the 1770 map where the ferry was located. So Luke White Sr was clearly still living in 1770.

So let's back up and compare the records for Samuel Woodward Jr the mariner d by 1722 to Samuel Woodward d 1752 Chowan Co.


Virginia Ancestors and Adventurers, Vol 1-3 by Charles Hughes Hamlin
Prince George Co Deeds 1713-1728
p 592
14 February 1722/3 Power of Attorney from Nathaniel Woodward of Boston, in the County of Suffolk, Blockmaker, son and heir of Samuel Woodward, late of Boston, aforesaid, marriner, deceased, appointing his friend Mr. Thomas Eldridge of Surry County in Virginia, Gent., his attorney, to recover possession of a certain tract of land, containing 600 acres in the County of Prince George, upon Appomattox River, in the Colony of Virginia, which land was granted unto Christopher Woodward, father of the aforesaid Samuel Woodward by patent dated 24 August 1637, under whom I claim, etc. Witnesses: Thomas Lathropp, Elias Cotting, Thomas Lothropp, Jr.  Recorded 9 April 1723.

Prince George Co Deeds 1713-1728
p 593
Depositions 13 August 1722:
Jonathan Dows of Charlestown, in New England, Esquire, testifies that Samuel Woodward, who married in New England, at Boston, to one of Mr. Francis Hudson's daughters, was reported to be the proprietor or owner of a plantation lying on Appomattox River in Virginia, and that he , the deponent, was employed to buy part of the said plantation for Col. William Randolph, and what he did in that affair was approved of as lawful and the said Woodward's claim to the said estate was accounted lawful, etc.

Also certifications by his Excellency, Samuel Shute, Esq., Captain General and Governor-in-chief of his Majestys Province of Massachusetts Bay in New England, and by -

Captain Thomas Ruck, Marriner, and Francis Hudson, Shipwright, both of Boston, in the County of Suffolk, in New England, being of full age, testify that Nathaniel Woodward of Boston, blockmaker, was the reputed son and heir of Samuel Woodward, heretofore of Virginia and late of Boston, aforesaid and Elizabeth (Hudson) his wife, both deceased, etc. Recorded Prince George Co., Va. 9 April 1723.



"land was granted unto Christopher Woodward, father of the aforesaid Samuel Woodward" was actually in error. Christopher Woodward was the grandfather of this Samuel Woodward, not the father. It is not stated whether or not Samuel Woodward II left a will. If he had, it seems unlikely that the depositions would have been necessary to prove that Nathaniel Woodward was the son and heir of Samuel Woodward. The will would have proved that - and the will would have proved his inheritance of this land. So it's almost certain that Nathaniel was the eldest son and was claiming the land as eldest son and heir-at-law. We also learn from these records that the wife of Samuel Woodward II at his death was Elizabeth Hudson who had also died by 1722.

There is a marriage record in Boston for Nathaniel Woodward and Priscilla Alley dated 23 Nov 1710.

Samuel Woodward Jr appeared as a headright several times on grants for land in Nansemond Co. It was not unusual for ship captains to claim themselves when they sailed into port, then sell or give their headright certificates to others who redeemed them for land. The first time that Samuel Woodward appeared as a headright was in 1682 when John Perry was granted land in the Upper Parish of Nansemond Co near Humphrey Griffin. So it would seem Samuel Woodward Jr was sailing up and down the coast transporting goods at least as early as 1682.

Samuel Woodward Jr also appeared as a headright in 1711 on a grant to Elias Ballard for land in Nansemond. What's interesting about this grant is that Francis Cambridge was also listed as a headright. Cambridge owned land in the part of Nansemond that later fell into Chowan when the NC/VA line was redrawn. Cambridge's will was written in 1710, so Ballard must have held onto this certificate for some time. Elias Ballard's land later fell into Chowan Co after the state line was redrawn too.

Patent to Elias Ballard. 28 Apl 1711 Nansemond County 702a.  585a part thereof. Beg.g &c on the North West side of a swamp of Sumerton Creek, known by the name of the Bever dam swamp. 117a the residue Beg.g &c on the so. side of the aforesd. Sumerton creek it being a line tree of John Lees land ....  William Speight's line ..... Hookes .... 14 persons to dwell within this our Colony of Virginia whose names are Jane Burk, Thomas Ross, Mary Taylor, Eliza. Reed, Anne Reed, James Fleming, Francis Cambridge, Eliza. Rod(?), Richard Rod(?), John Knowles, Saml. Woodward, William Williams, Eliza. Goodwin, & Margaret Thompson. Patents 10, p 17

Will of Francis Cambridge in Upper Parish of Nansemond County, Virginia, 2 February 1710. Wife and Executrix Elizabeth. Witnessed by Andrew Ross, James Howard and John Sumner (Grimes, p. 60) 

This is another case of a Nansemond will that was copied into the NC records after the NC/VA line was redrawn in 1728. Cambridge's homeplace land fell into Chowan after 1728.

29 September 1743 in Chowan County, North Carolina.  Paul Pender, planter, to David Meade Jr (mercht) of upper parish Nansemond for L30. 450 acres at Somerton Creek. Begin mouth of Timber Pocoson Branch, north up branch to corner pine of south side of the Carolina Road adj. Solomon Pender, his to Bee Tree Branch, south up branch to Thos Sanders patent line to a branch out of Beaver Dam Swamp called Long Pocoson Branch, down main Beaver Dam Swamp to beginning. Part of patent of Elias Ballard 28 Apr 1711, sold to Paul Pender 4 Apr 1713….Wit: Francis Spight, Henry King, John Thompson.  E. Moseley C. Just.  Recorded 29 March 1744 Chowan Co. N.C. Deed Book A-1, p. 225.

In case after case, the land that was granted using Samuel Woodward as a headright was for land in Nansemond in the Upper Parish very near the NC/VA line. Eventually, Samuel Woodward began acquiring land, but not in Nansemond Co. He seemed more interested in land farther south in Chowan Co.
 

The North Carolina Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume 1
edited by James Robert Hathaway
p 90
John White and wife Sarah to Margaret Arline, widow, Land upon Stoping Creek; July 8, 1704. Test, James Flemins, George White, Nath'l Chevin.
p 91
Jon White, Sr and wife Sarah to Frances Cambridge of Virginia, 155 acres SW side Stopping Creek; January 8, 1704-'5. Test, Jon Harrod, James Flemmins
p 95 Francis Cambridge and wife Elizabeth of Nansemond County, Va., to John Dawson of North ---. 75 acres land on Stopping Creek, by the Indian Cabin landing. Test, Andrew Ross, Mary Ross. September 25, 1706.
p 99 Samuel Woodward and wife Elizabeth to Isaac Zelinden. Tract of land sold by John White, to Francis Canbridge, on Stoping Creek. 155 acres; August 4, 1713. Test, Wm. Crawford, James Fleming.
p 293
Isaac Zehenden to John Champen. Assign land purchased of Samuel Woodward. Wit. Edward Howcott, Luke White. Dated Aug. 4, 1713, Recorded Mar. 29, 1716. Chowan Prct.    


John White Sr had sold 155 acres on Stopping/Stoping Creek to Francis Cambridge in 1704/5. There is no deed, but it's obvious that Cambridge had sold that 155 acres to Samuel Woodward. The 1713 deed when Samuel Woodward sold the land identifies his wife as Elizabeth and proves that Samuel Woodward Jr the mariner was still alive at that time. The land was assigned to John Champen the very same day, this time witnessed by Luke White, son of John White Sr. Luke White ran the ferry across the Chowan/Meherrin River at Rockahock. 

There were several records for Samuel Woodward in Chowan Co between 1713 and 1722, but none mentioned wife Elizabeth, so it's impossible to be sure whether these records were for Samuel Woodward Jr the mariner d by 1722 or for Samuel Woodward d 1752. But it is clear that Samuel Woodward Jr the mariner had bought land that first belonged to John White, and Luke White witnessed when that land was assigned to John Champen on the very same day that Samuel Woodward sold it to Isaac Zehenden. It's obvious from the will of Samuel Woodward d 1752 that the Luke White family was closely associated with his family too.

Luke White to John Williams. 250 ares on Chowan river, betwixt Luke White, where Thos. Crank now lives; 15th july, 1718. Test, Wm Crawford, John Jackson. John Williams assigns same to Samuel Woodward. [The North Carolina Historical and Genealogical Register, edited by James Robert Bent Hathaway, Volume 1, p 625]

It is impossible to tell if Samuel Woodward of this record was Samuel Woodward Jr the mariner who may or may not have still been alive or Samuel Woodward d 1752.

County: Chowan  Issued: 1 March 1719/20  Book 8 p 217  William Woodward
Do give and grant to Wm Woodward a tract containing 640 acres lying in Chowan precinct in rockhahock neck beginning at a pine David Ambrose and Edwd Patchets division tree yn S 85 Wt along Edwd Woodwards line 320 pole to a pine in Caleb Stevens line Edwd Woodwards corner tree  yn along Stevens line due No  260 pole to pine John Wyates & ye said Stevens corner yn along Wyates line No 15 E 260 po to a pine in ye  said Wyates line yn so 33 Et to ye first Station ....    March ye 1st 1719/20

County: Chowan  Issued: 1 March 1719  Book 8 p 217  Samuel Woodward

Do give and grant to Saml Woodward a tract of land containing 640 acres lying in Chowan precinct in Rockahock neck  Beginning at a pine David Ambroses corner tree yn No 35 Wt along Wm Woodwards line 360 po to a pine in John Wyates line Wm Woodwards corner tree yn along Wyates line No 15 E to a pine Colo. Moseleys corner tree yn along his line 160 pole to a pine at ye head of ye gaulberry pocoson yn S ?? E 140 pole to ye centre of 3 pines yn S 63 E 140 pole to a pine John Robisons and Thos Muns corner tree yn along Muns line to a pine Danl Harrisons bounds yn along Harrisons bounds to ye mouth of Cedar Swamp yn ye various courses of Rockahock Creek to myre branch to a gum and poplar David Ambroses corner yn along ye said Ambroses line So 50 Wt to ye first Station ... March ye 1st 1719


These two grants were issued at the same time and recorded one after the other. Samuel's grant was not dated 1719/20 like William's but should have been. Edward Woodward's land was mentioned, but no grant to Edward has been found. No mention of Edward or William has been found in later reccords and it's not known what became of them or their land. There is a later record for Samuel Woodward's patent.

Sam'l Woodward to Wm. Yates. Assignment Patent for 640 acres in Rockyhock Neck; July 19, 1721. Test, Robt. Hicks, Jno. Wallis. [The North Carolina Historical and Genealgical Register, Volume 2, edited by James Robert Bent Hathaway, p 616]

There were also deeds by Samuel Woodward for land on the west side of the Chowan river prior to 1722 - enough deeds overall that it would appear that one or both of these Samuel Woodwards intended to stay in Chowan Co. We have no absolute proof that William and Edward Woodward were additional sons of Samuel Woodward Jr, and no absolute proof that Samuel Woodward d 1752 was another son, but the fact that his name was Samuel and he had a strong connection to the same White family that owned the Stoping Creek land that Samuel Woodward Jr purchased is really strong evidence - too much to explain away as "just coincidence". There is no will, but it would be hard to argue that another Samuel Woodward who appeared at the same time in the same place associated with the same White family wasn't a son.

John Wallis received a grant dated 25 March 1752 in Chowan Co described as 321 acres on Poly Bridge Swamp joining upon lines of Luke White, Samuel Woodward, and Capt. Heran. So we know that Samuel Woodward owned land near Luke White at the time of his death in 1752.

Samuel Woodward d 1752 was not the only Samuel Woodward appearing in NC records at that time, and it can be confusing if you're not aware of the other Samuel Woodward from Ireland who was working with Gov. Gabriel Johnston in the distribution of lands in NC. This other Samuel Woodward's estate is mentioned in the New Hanover and Craven Co records. You will sometimes see him in deeds in association with Henry McCulloh or Thomas Bray. He occasionally appeared in the Chowan Co records too.

There is something else very important about Samuel Woodward's 1752 will that I overlooked for years. He named a son Richard Woodward - and the will was also witnessed by a Richard Woodward. Witnesses were supposed to be impartial and uninvolved, so it's highly unlikely that son Richard, one of the heirs, would have been a witness. This must have been another Richard Woodward - not Samuel's son. This Richard Woodward first appeared in Chowan Co in the Sarum Swamp area but sold his land there and moved north into Nansemond Co. He also appeared occasionally in the Granville Co records. He was of about the same age frame as Samuel, perhaps somewhat younger, and was almost certainly Samuel's brother.

James Hambleton to Thos. Piland, Apl. 1, 1729. 132 acres on Long Branch, adjoining land of Richard Woodward. Test, Stephen Shepherd, John Morris, Jr., also bond to same. [Source: The North Carolina Historical and Genealogical Register, Volumes 1-3 by James Robert Bent Hathaway p 446]


Wm. Hambleton and Stuart Hambleton to our brother James Hambleton. 200 acres patented Nov. 20, 1728, adjoining land of Richard Woodward on Long Branch, Oct 16, 1734. Test, Thomas Eccleston, John Garrett, Thos. Piland. [Source: The North Carolina Historical and Genealogical Register, Volumes 1-3 by James Robert Bent Hathaway p 454]

Richard Woodward to John Norris. 100 acres on the S. W. side Sarum Swamp, adjoining lands of Thos. Piland and Jno. Nickols, June 5, 1734. Test, John Green, Thos. Morris. [Source: The North Carolina Historical and Genealogical Register, Volumes 1-3 by James Robert Bent Hathaway p 454]

William Hamilton was in Wake Co by 1771. His records showed a close association with both the James Jones family and the Christopher Woodward family. More about him to follow.

Patent to Richard Woodward   30 June 1733 Nansemond Co. 34 acres swamp land. On the south side of the main road and on the south side of Nansemond River adjoining the land of Major David Osheal.  Patents 15, p 77

The description is vague. David Osheal may have owned numerous tracts. One tract that Osheal owned adjoined the land originally owned by Richard Sanders and inherited by his son, James Sanders, who deeded it to Osheal in 1726. (Bertie Co DB B p 270, DB C p 137) James Sanders died in Johnston Co. His children and grandchildren were closely associated with the Woodwards and Utleys of Middle Creek. Christopher Woodward's son, Pleasant Woodward, married Winifred Utley, daughter of Jacob Utley and Phoebe Sanders, daughter of James Sanders.

We have no way of knowing what land this Richard Woodward might have bought and sold in Nansemond because of the destruction of the Nansemond records.

In the late 1750's and early 1760's. Richard Woodward appeared in several Granville Co deeds involving Solomon Alston Sr, and his sons, Solomon Alston Jr and John Alston. Other deeds involved Isaac Hunter and Jesse Hunter. Solomon Alston Sr was originally from Chowan Co. Isaac Hunter and Jesse Hunter had both married daughters of Solomon Alston. They were the sons of Isaac Hunter of Chowan Co, son of William Hunter of the Upper Parish of Nansemond. None of these records stated where Richard Woodward was from. Finally, in 1762, one record did.

Deed Book F p 303, 304- Jan. 21, 1762 Richard Woodward of Nansemond Co., Va. to William Alston of Granville for 12 pds. 18 acres, being part of tract sold by Maj. Wm. Hurst to Woodward in 1750 on branch that divides Wm. Hurst, deceased, and James Mills. Wts: John Alston, Solomon Alston. [Abstracts of the Early Deeds of Granville County North Carolina 1746-1765 by Zae Hargett Gwynn, p 235]


We know that Christopher Woodward, who later moved to the part of Johnston Co that became Wake Co, was living in Nansemond Co in 1759.

Suffolk Parish vestry records (Nansemond Co): 
Oct. 31, 1759: Capt. Randal for keping Christopher Woodward's child 4 months.

Obviously Christopher Woodward had already married in Nansemond Co, perhaps to a woman from a Corbell family since his second son was named Corbell Woodward. Corbell is an unusual given name - also an unusual surname - but there was a Corbell family in Nansemond Co. Or maybe Christopher's mother was a Corbell, but, either way, a Corbell connection seems likely. Christopher's first record in NC was in 1766 when he witnessed the Orange Co will of Samuel Lehman. This part of Orange Co later became part of Wake Co, so it really was only a few miles west of the land where Christopher eventually made his home on Middle Creek adjoining the land of Lewis Jones Sr, a son of James Jones and grandson of Henry Jones the Indian trader. There were several marriages between these Woodwards and Jones in Wake Co and there are even some strong suggestions in the records that Christopher Woodward's last wife may have been a daughter of James Jones - but unfortunately no solid proof. There was certainly a strong alliance between Christopher Woodward and the Jones in Wake Co.

In the late 1800's, William Joseph Woodward asked his father, Andrew Jackson Woodward, for information about his ancestors. His sister, Emma White Woodward, who was still unmarried and living at home, wrote the reply for her father. A J Woodward was confused about some things. Winny Woodward did not marry a Mr Wood - she married Etheldred Jones (son of William Jones d 1800, son of James Jones). A J Woodward forgot to mention Pleasant's daughter China Woodward who married Needham Green. And he was confused about which ancestor was the Jamestown settler. Jamestown burned in 1676 during Bacon's Rebellion, so the Woodward immigrant to Jamestown must have been much earlier. No one could have moved from Jamestown to Wake Co in the 1700's because Jamestown had been destroyed much earlier. Joseph Woodward's father, Pleasant Woodward, could not have come from Jamestown, and Pleasant's father, Christopher Woodward, who first appeared in the Nansemond records in 1759 could not have come from Jamestown either. Jamestown had burned long before he was born. But I found it amazing that Andrew Jackson Woodward had even heard of a Woodward that came from England and settled at Jamestown. How could he have possibly known anything about that? We can trace Andrew Jackson Woodward's ancestry back to Christopher Woodward who was living in Nansemond Co in 1759. We can trace the immigrant Christopher Woodward from England to Jamestown, then down through his son Samuel Woodward Sr to Samuel Woodward Jr, the mariner, who moved from VA to Boston and undoubtedly left several sons in the Albemarle region including Samuel Woodward d 1752 Chowan Co and apparently another named Richard Woodward in Nansemond Co. 
                                                Fayetteville, NC

Jany 23, 1896

My dear brother:

Pa sends you the best information he can.

His father married Delia Jones, about 1817 - he (grandpa) was born

near Holly Springs, Wake Co. His brothers were William Woodward went

away when a young man and was lost sight of - Christopher Woodward

lived at Raleigh - The sisters Charity Woodward married Alex. Smith

lived at Raleigh - Winnie Woodward married Mr Wood and went to

Tennessee - Pa's grandfather was Pleasant Woodward, he moved from

Jamestown Va to Wake Co about 14 miles from Raleigh. If there is a

family record it is probable Bourbon Smith had it, he died at Oxford NC

but I suppose his family reside there - if not in their possession

there was a sister Samanthy Smith who married Mr Currie and lived at

Scotland Neck NC perhaps she had an old family record - Pa's great

grandfather Woodward came from England and settled at Jamestown

Va - I hope this information will be what you want we are all well,

and send love.

Affectionately your Sister

Emma

It wasn't just Andrew Jackson Woodward who had heard this story about an ancestor who came from England and settled at Jamestown. Elizabeth Woodward in the account below was a daughter of Christopher Woodward of Wake Co. Silas Green and John Norris were securities for Jacob Utley on his 6 December 1785 guardian bond for Elizabeth Woodward, orphan of Christopher Woodward. So Elizabeth would have been very familiar with Jacob Utley's children, including Elizabeth Utley, who married Elizabeth Woodward's brother, James Woodward, and Merrill Utley. Plus her older brother (possibly half-brother), Pleasant Woodward, had married Jacob Utley's daughter, Winifred Utley. Elizabeth Woodward apparently moved to Kentucky with her brother, James Woodward, and Merrill Utley. After Merrill's first wife, Winifred Jones, died (daughter of the same William Jones d 1800, son of James Jones), Merrill Utleu married Elizabeth Woodward. Elizabeth Woodward had left Wake Co years before Andrew Jackson Woodward was even born, so they never knew each other and must have heard the story from completely different sources. Elizabeth almost certainly heard it from her father Christopher or maybe her brother James. 

Memorial Record of Western Kentucky, Lewis Publishing Company, 1904, 
pp 515-520 [Lyon]

Hon. Newton W Utley

... Born upon a farm in Marshall county, Kentucky, May 12, 1860, he has 
spent almost his entire life in this state and now makes his home in 
Eddyville. His parents were William Washington and Sallie Ann (Holland) 
Utley. His paternal grandparents were Merrill and Elizabeth (Woodward) 
Utley, both natives of North Carolina, and the progenitor of the family 
in America was an Englishman who came to the colony of Virginia with the 
Jamestown settlers. ...

There have never been any Utley records found in association with Jamestown.

Samuel Woodward Jr and his son Nathaniel certainly knew about this early ancestor named Christopher Woodward who settled at Jamestown. According to the records above, Nathaniel knew where Christopher's land was located and the exact date it was granted. So it's quite likely that the other sons of Samuel Woodward Jr were aware of this early ancestor named Christopher Woodward too. Did one of those other sons of Samuel Woodward Jr name a son for Christopher Woodward of Jamestown and later explain it to his son why he had been named Christopher and who the first Christopher was? Did Richard Woodward of Nansemond Co name a son Christopher for that early ancestor? Did later descendants confuse the two Christophers and think that it was Christopher of Wake who was the one who came from England and settled at Jamestown? 

Because Richard Woodward witnessed the 1752 will of Samuel Woodward III - and we know Richard the witness wasn't Samuel's son who was also named Richard - and this Richard Woodward lived in Nansemond Co where Christopher Woodward's first record was found - we can now see a line back that verifies the story about the Woodward immigrant from England to Jamestown that had been passed down in the family. Christopher Woodward of Wake Co must have been the son of Richard Woodward of Nansemond who was a son of Samuel Woodward Jr, the mariner, who was a grandson of the immigrant Christopher Woodward of Jamestown. I would love to see some Y-DNA testing done to compare the descendants of Christopher Woodward of Wake Co, Samuel Woodward d 1752 of Chowan Co, and Nathaniel Woodward of Boston.


There is another curious connection involving the Hamilton family mentioned above. William Hamilton had moved to Wake Co by 1771. His land in Chowan adjoined Richard Woodward's land in 1734. This tells us Richard Woodward's land must have been very near the NC/VA line. The Wake Co court minutes of June 1771 include the following record:

William Hamilton &c. vs James Jones Senr.: Abraham Hill, Joshua Sugg, Edwd. Green) Revaluers of a Mare of Deft. to satisfy Plaintiff.

This was Henry Jones' son, James Jones Sr. He had recently lost everything when he agreed to be a security for his son, Philip Jones, who was briefly the sheriff of Johnston Co just before the creation of Wake Co in 1771. Philip got caught in some kind of wrong-doing and Philip Jones, his father James Jones Sr, and the other securities lost their land and everything else of value. It's not known why James Jones owed William Hamilton anything, but we do at least have proof that William Hamilton was in the county and there was some interaction between them. William Hamilton was granted land on Terrible Creek in 1780. The 1779 entry states he was already living on the land. This is just south of the land where Lewis Jones Sr (son of James Jones) and Christopher Woodward lived. William Hamilton signed his 1786 will at the home of Lewis Jones. This is actually written in the will. The handwriting in the body of the will matches that of the signature of James Morris who also acted as one of the witnesses with Lewis Jones.

William Hamilton stated in his will that he had never married Rachel Dorman, the mother of his children, but his children by her used the name Hamilton anyway. One child was named Kesiah Hamilton. Kesiah also never married but had three sons when she wrote her will in 1801. One of her sons, Lewis Hamilton, bought Jordan Woodward's land in 1802 when Jordan moved to Anson Co. Jordan was the eldest son of Christopher Woodward.

It would appear that William Hamilton's connections in Wake Co might have been closer to the Jones than to the Woodwards, but there was an unexplained alliance between the Woodwards and Jones. Christopher Woodward and Lewis Jones Sr (son of James Jones) owned adjoining land on Middle Creek. In 1781, Lewis Jones gifted a tract of land to Christopher Woodward. The original deed no longer exists, but it's mentioned in a later deed from Lewis Jones to Christopher's son, Richard Woodward. (Wake DB U p 319) Gifts of land usually occurred only within families. Christopher Woodward was the bondsman for the marriage of William Jones d 1800 (son of James Jones) and Mary Matthews in 1783. Lewis Jones and his son Levi Jones witnessed the will of Christopher Woodward. Etheldred Jones (son of Philip Jones, brother of James Jones) was named as one of the executors and also served as the guardian for two of the orphans. Christopher's oldest son, Jordon Woodward b 1760, married Eadie/Ada Jones (daughter of John Jones, brother of James Jones), but Jordon was certainly by Christopher's first wife from Nansemond Co. So it is very possible - but not provable - that Christopher married a daughter of James Jones after he arrived in Johnston/Wake. Whether that was the reason or not, there was a close alliance between the Woodward and Jones families. I found this so amazing since the families appear to have worked together many years earlier when Henry Jones and Matthew Sturdivant were sending their trade goods to the Albemarle Sound where Matthew's half-brother Samuel Woodward Jr was shipping goods up and down the east coast. Samuel Woodward Jr had been sailing back and forth from Boston to the Albemarle Sound since at least 1682. Since he had been raised by an Indian trader, John Sturdivant, it's possible much of what he shipped involved trade goods. The Jones and Woodwards may have been working together as traders and shippers since the 1680's.

  
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