Ninety Sixth Ohio

Volunteer Infantry





Regimental Roster
Roll of Honor



 Andreas' History of the State of Nebraska Hamilton County  

Bartlett, Robert F. Roster of the Ninety-sixth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, l862 to l865. Columbus, OH: Hann & Adair, l895. l79 p. E525.5.96th.B3.

Bering, John A., A History of the Forty-Eighth Ohio Vet. Vol. Inf. Hillsboro, Ohio: Highland News Office 1880.  

Beringer, Richard E., Herman Hattaway, Archer Jones, William N. Still, Jr.  Why the South Lost the Civil War.  Athens:  The University of Georgia Press. 

Billings, John D. "Hardtack & Coffee The Unwritten Story of Army Life".  Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1993

Brother Against Brother, Time-Life Books History of the Civil War. The Editors of Time Life Books. (New York: Prentice Hall Press).

"Civil War, American," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2002 © 1997-2002 Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

Connelley, William E. Secretary of the Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka.  A Standard History of Kansas and Kansans ( Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company, copyright 1918; transcribed 1997)  

Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Des Moines, IA: Dyer Publishing Co., 1908. Reprint, Dayton, OH: National Historical Society, 1979  (page 1539).

Greene, Francis Vinton, "The Mississippi" Campaigns of the Civil War VIII.  Edison, New Jersey: Castle Books, 2002.

Heidler, David S. and Jeanne T. Heidler (eds.). Encyclopedia of the American Civil War.  A political, Social and Military History Vol. I-V.  (Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO).

History of Champaign County, Ohio, Illustrated.  Chicago: W. R. Beers & Co. 1881  

History of Coshocton County, Ohio.  Its Past and Present  1740-1881.  Complied by N. N. Hill, jr.  Illustrated.  Newark, Ohio: A. A. Graham & Co., Publishers.   1881

History of Delaware and Ohio.  Illustrated.  Chicago: O. L. Baskin & Co., Historical Publishers 1880  

History of Hardin County, Ohio.

History of Knox County, Ohio.  Its Past and Present. Compiled by N. N. Hill, Jr.  Illustrated.  Mt Vernon, Ohio.  A. A. Graham &, Co., Publishers 1881.

History of Logan County and Ohio.  Illustrated.  Chicago: O. L. Baskin & Co., Historical Publishers 1880

History of Madison County, Ohio.  Chicago: W. H. Beers & Co 1883.

History of Marion County, Ohio.  Illustrated.  Chicago: Leggett, Conaway & C0. 1883.  

History of Morrow County and Ohio.  Illustrated.  Chicago: O. L. Baskin & Co., Historical Publishers, 1880.  

History of Union County, Ohio.  Illustrated.  Chicago: W. H. BEERS & CO., Historical Publishers, 1883

History of Wyandot County, Ohio. Illustrated.  Chicago: Leggett, Conaway & Co., 1884.

Illustrated Catalog of Civil War Military Goods.  Union Weapons, Insignia, Uniform Accessories and Other Equipment By Schuyler, Hartley & Graham. Original 1864. (New York: Dover Publications, Inc. Reproduction 1985)

Josephy, Alvin M. The Civil War in the American West.  (New York: Alfred A. Knopf 1991 pp. 383-4).

Kautz, August V.  The 1865 Customs of Service for Non-Commissioned Officers and Soldiers--A Handbook for the Rank and file of the Army (Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books).

Labadie, Paul G. "The Farm Boys in the 96th Ohio Regiment Found Themselves Knee-deep in Alligators in Louisiana." America's Civil War (Sep 1992): pp. 16, 18, 20, 71-72 & 74 (5 photo- copied pages). Per.

McManus, Stephen , Donald Thompson and Thomas Churchill.  The Civil War Research Guide.  (Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. 2003).

McPherson, James M. Battle Cry of Freedom.  The Civil War Era.  (New York: Vallantine Books. 1988)

McPherson, James M.  The American Heritage New History of the Civil War.  (New York: Viking. 1996)

Miles, Jim  A River Unvexed.  The Civil War Campaign Series.  A History and Tour Guide of the Campaign for the Mississippi River.  Nashville: Rutledge Hill Press, 1994.

Military Records: Civil War Service Records.  (3 CD Set) (Provo, Utah:

Moreveck, Nancy Justus  Locating Union & Confederate Records.  A Guide to the Most commonly Used Civil War Records of the National Archives and Family History Library. (North Salt Lake: HeritageQuest. 2001)

National Park Service.  Heritage Preservation Services,  

The Newton Daily News, Newton, Iowa, July 2, 1920.  

Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866.  12 vols. Akron, Ohio: The Werner Co., 1893-95.  Alphabetical Index to official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion.  Works Progress Administration.  1938.

Ohio. Roster Comm. Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion. Vol. 7. Cincinnati, OH: Ohio Valley Pr, 1888. pp. 281-320 & 724-30. E525.3O38v7. (Unit roster and list of wartime deaths).

Reid, Whitelaw. Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Her Generals and Soldiers.... Vol. 2. Cincinnati, OH: Wilstach, Baldwin, 1872. E525R342v2.  See pp. 531-33 (2 photocopied pages) for a brief regimental history and roster of officers.

Stevens, Larry.  Ohio in the Civil War.  (Published on the Internet by the author.  Newark, Ohio. 1995-2000.

U.S. War Department.  Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. / Series I - Volume 23: Naval Forces on Western Waters (April 12, 1862 - December 31, 1862)

U.S. War Department. War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. 128 vols. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1880-1900. Reprint, Gettysburg, PA: National Historical Society, 1971-72. Includes battle reports and correspondence of Union and Confederate regiments.

Vicksburg Battlefield Comm. Ohio at Vicksburg: Report of the.... Columbus, OH: n.p., 1906. E475.2703. See pp. 229-35 (4 photocopied pages) for a sketch of the regiment's service during the siege of Vicksburg and a photo of the unit monument at the Vicksburg Park.

Woods, Joseph T. Services of the Ninety-sixth Ohio Volunteers. Toledo, OH: Blade Prtg & Paper Co, l874. 247 p. E525.5.96th.W66.

Works Progress Administration.  Alphabetical Index to Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion. 1938.

Wilson, Js. H., Map of the country between Millikens Bend, Louisiana, and Jackson, Mississippi, showing the routes followed by the Army of the Tennessee under the command of Gen. U.S. Grant, in its march from Millikens Bend to the rear of Vicksburg. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Chief of Engineers, U.S. Army, 1876. [Digitized by the U.S. Library of Congress American Memory Project]

Military History Institute's Photo Archive includes images of individuals of this unit.

The following pertinent personal papers are in the Military History Institute's Manuscript Archive:

Evans, Thomas L. - CWMiscColl (CAPT, Co. C, letters to family, Spring 1865)

Harrod, John - (Enlisted man's letter to family, Mar 1863)

Klein, Jacob - CWMiscColl (Enlisted man's letters to cousin, Mar 15, 1863-May 1, 1865)

Rathburn, John N. - (Corresp of CAPT in 66th OH with men in other units, include 96th)

Scarbrough, William A. - HCWRTColl-GACColl (Enlisted man's letter to cousin, Nov 15, 1863)





Your Union Ancestor in the Civil War
 – Karen Frisch

If your great-great-grandfather fought in the Civil War, he played an active role in changing the history of our nation.

The soldier fighting for the Union had not only his convictions, but the strength of the federal government behind him. Despite its early losses the Union Army was far superior to the Confederate Army. The Union had more men, money, and military supplies—a great advantage in a war that the North expected to win in six months, but that stretched into four years.

From majors to privates, all soldiers saw action. Private George Cheek, Co. D, 2nd Rhode Island Volunteers felt the most important event of his service was "our march from Burksville Station to Danville to cut off Johnson's retreat. We marched 112 miles in five days." Another veteran had the honor of shaking hands with President Lincoln at City Point, VA at the war's end.

Going off to war, the Union soldier might have taken with him a "housewife" —a sewing kit to repair clothing made by a wife or mother whose picture he might also have brought. He was issued a tin cup, canteen, and half a tent to join with another half, forming a pup tent for two. He was probably fairly young. Seven out of 10 enlisted Union men were under age 23.

He ate better than his Confederate counterpart. His daily ration included a pound and a quarter of beef, a pound of flour, a few ounces of dry beans and green coffee, and small amounts of sugar, salt, pepper, candles, soap, and vinegar. During campaigns he rarely had his full ration and often had to forage to survive.

In camp in the evening he generally listened to the banjo or harmonica or played cards with other men in his unit. He might have carried a copy of The Soldier's Pocket Book, a little volume intended to boost morale, or possibly the Bible.

An infantry private was paid $13 per month. When he had occasion to fire a musket, it took him time to get off a shot. Shooting required seven separate motions. Buoyed by the national sense of patriotism shared by most, he retained an attitude of bravery and high spirits throughout the war.  He might well have required hospital care at some point. Union Army hospitals treated over six million cases. The Sanitary Commission did their best to see that appropriate medical supplies were continually delivered to military camps. Still, twice as many died from disease as from bullets. Diarrhea and dysentery killed over 44,000 Union soldiers.

While hospitals were lacking in hygiene, surgeons were available to treat the Union wounded. Treatment with opium was so common many became addicted and remained that way after the war.

If no hospital was close by, surgery was often done on a table in the farmhouse of the resident who lived nearest the battle. Most soldiers underwent surgery while totally conscious. The lucky ones received a bit of morphine to deaden the pain.

If your ancestor died at war, your chances of finding his grave are slim. He is probably buried in a grave that is marked but unidentified. More than half of all Union graves contain the remains of unidentified soldiers. Soldiers were often buried in forgotten locations.

Possibly the most tangible proof of his service were the buttons from his uniform or other personal effects. It was customary to remove the buttons from the uniform of a soldier who had died in battle and return them to a widow or mother along with any other belongings. Most Union soldiers were average men whose years serving in the Civil War were far from average.



U.S. Civil War Regimental Histories in the Library of Congress.
Union Troops: Ohio Infantry, 96th

Author:        Bartlett, Robert Franklin, 1840- [from old
                  catalog] comp.
Title:         Roster of the Ninety-sixth regiment, Ohio
                  volunteer infantry.
Published:     Columbus, Ohio, Press of Hann & Adair, 1895.
Description:   179, [1] p. 19 cm.
LC Call No.:   E525.5 96thB
Subjects:      United States -- History -- Civil war, 1861-1865
                  -- Regimental histories -- Ohio. inf. -- 96th. [from old
               Ohio infantry. 96th regt., 1862-1865. [from old
Control No.:   7740867

Author:        Woods, J. T. (Joseph Thatcher), 1828-1911.
Title:         Services of the Ninety-sixth Ohio volunteers / by
                  J. T. Woods.
Published:     Toledo : Blade Print. and Paper Co., 1874.
Description:   viii, [9]-247 p. : ill., ports. ; 22 cm.
LC Call No.:   E525.5 96th
Subjects:      United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
                  -- Regimental histories -- Ohio Infantry -- 96th.
               Ohio infantry. 96th regt., 1862-1865.
Control No.:   8663218




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