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Washington County 'Little Washington' Pennsylvania
 Genealogy and Family History

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The City and County of Washington Pennsylvania

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Washington County Pennsylvania History and Families

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Information about Washington County PA

 
Type of Information Details or Explanation with Dates
Washington County Pennsylvania - Historical Borders Before Washington County PA existed, many countries and groups claimed ownership over this region.
Cumberland County; PA From 1750 to 1770, part of Cumberland County; PA
Bedford County PA Bedford County PA was formed March 9, 1771.  From 1771 to 1773 it was part of Bedford County Bedford County PA, which extended from Bedford County to the-then western Pennsylvania border.
Westmoreland Co PA Westmoreland Co PA was founded on February 26, 1773.  From from 1773 to 1781 was part of Westmoreland Co PA.
Historical Border Dispute with Virginia (now part of West Virginia) Pennsylvania and Virginia colonies both claimed ownership of now-Southwestern Pennsylvania.  Virginia organized the region as the District of West Augusta.  But Pennsylvania considered the [now PA] region as a part of Westmoreland County.  To solve the border dispute, many proposed a new State called "Westsylvania".  Nearly around the same time, the Ohio Company of Virginia and the Indiana Land Company along the Ohio River combined in 1769 to create the Grand Ohio Company.  They intended to created the Vandalia Colony.  The Revolutionary War ended the effort to establish Vandalia, but in 1776 area settlers petitioned the Second Continental Congress to recognize Westsylvania as the fourteenth state. Congress ignored them.  Finally, Pennsylvania and Virginia settled their boundary dispute in 1780.  Some once Virginians found themselves then as Pennsylvanians. Settlers' unhappiness and disquiet was effectively silenced when Hugh Henry Brackenridge Esq., a Pittsburgh lawyer and strong advocate for the national government, convinced the Pennsylvania Assembly to declare any further protestations for a separate state was national treason, meaning the the death penalty for anyone pushing to make Westsylvania a state. (So much for early America "democracy" and the "voice of citizens".)

Because Virginia reorganized the District of West Augusta into three counties: Ohio County, Monongalia County, and Yohogania County in November 1776, searchers for Washington County PA records may find some materials in these WVA counties.

"Prior to 1781, Virginia also claimed Southwestern Pennsylvania. Virginia created the District of West Augusta and divided what is known as Washington County in to three counties. Yohogania, Monongalia and Ohio. Researchers looking for history prior to 1781 should consider Augusta County, Virginia records. Yohogania County, Virginia, records are in Washington Co., Pennsylvania, intermingled with Pennsylvania records in the earliest dockets; Monongalia County, Virginia, records (pre-1796 were lost in fire) are in Morgantown, West Virginia; Ohio County, Virginia, are in Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia."  From SW PA Genealogical Society.

Interactive Map of Pennsylvania County Formation History
(Pennsylvania maps made with the use AniMap Plus 3.0 & with the Permission of the Goldbug Company)

Opened for Settlement Opened for settlement in 1768.
Washington County Pennsylvania 
Founded
Washington County Pennsylvania was created March 28, 1781, from part of Westmoreland County PA.
County Seat The City of Washington
Washington County Courthouse Washington County Courthouse
100 W. Beau St.
Washington, PA 15301 
Phone: (724) 228-6700 • Fax: (724) 228-6965
Latitude and Longitude The City of Washington PA:  40° 10' 26" N / 80° 14' 47" W

Latitude: 40.1738889  Longitude: -80.2463889

Geology and Land

Area 861 mi² (2,230 km²)
Land Area 857 square miles (2,220 km2) is land [ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau.  August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2015.]
Water Area 3.9 square miles (10 km2) (0.5%) is water.[3] [ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2015.]

Geology and Ground Water Resources

Geological History

Geological History Pennsylvania was once covered by water during the Pagenea Supercontinent.  Pangaea or Pangea (/pænˈdʒiːə/) was a supercontinent. It existed during the late Paleozoic and early Mesozoic eras. 

Pagenea formed approximately 300 million years ago. It began to break apart after about 100 million years.
Thirty million (30 million) years (or roughly 240 million years ago) after the Appalachian Mountains formed and when dinosaurs first began to appear, the two continents of North America and Africa had separated enough to allow the formation of a new ocean-- today's Atlantic ocean, but much narrower.

The Early Pennsylvanian (Period) (318 - 299 Ma ) Note: Ma (mega-annum) is a million years.

Geological Land/Rock/Mineral Periods Permian and Pennsylvanian
Geological Region Pittsburgh Plateau
Land Topography Rolling old-mountains hills, Rocky, Hilly
Geology Consists 
of 2 Groups 
and 5 Formations consisting of
Dunkard Group (Permian/Pennsylvanian)
Monongahela Group (Pennsylvanian) 

Washington Formation (Permian)
Waynesburg Formation (Permian and Pennsylvanian)
Greene Formation (Permian)
Glenshaw Formation (Pennsylvanian) 
Casselman Formation (Pennsylvanian) 

Collectively the Lithology (rock 
types) includes
sandstone; siltstone; shale; limestone; clastic (older, broken, deteriorating rock); coal
Natural Resources Coal, Oil, Natural Gas, natural gas reserves (through frackking)
Natural Resources Contributing to 
Man's Activities 
before 1905
Use of water, sandstone in making: glass
Use of coal in making: coke, reddog
Use of limestone, sandstone in making: rock quarries, making of 'natural cement', glassmaking
Use of shale, limestone in making: fertilizer
Use of clay in making: pottery
Use of limestone in making: flux (a process used to melt metal)

See also:  Clapp, Frederick G. Limestone of Southwestern Pennsylvania. Government Printing Office: Washington, 1905.

Major Cities Washington (County Seat)  |  Monongahela
Original
13 Townships
13 townships were formed July 1, 1781:
Amwell
Bethelhem
Cecil
Cumberland (to Greene County 1796)
Donegal
Fallowfield
Hopewell
Morgan (to Greene County 1796)
Nottingham
Peters
Robinson
Smith
Strabane (at first spelled Straban, no e)

Source:  p. 228 Crumrine; p. 459 Forrest, vol. 1.

History of 
Township 
Formations
Township Formation from the Original 13 Townships of Washington County Pennsylvania 
Township Formed from these Townships
Allen August 1852 from Fallowfield and E. Pike Run
Blaine November 4, 1894, from Buffalo
Buffalo May 8, 1799, from Donegal
Canton June 10, 1791, from Chartiers, Hopewell, Morris, Strabane
Carroll  September 30, 1834, from Fallowfield, Nottingham
Chartiers March 23, 1790, from Cecil
Cross Creek  December 10, 17889 from Hopewell
East Bethlehem  January 8, 1790, from Bethlehem
East Finley  December 24, 1828, from Finley
East Pike Run March 9, 1839-1843(?) from Pike Run
Finley  May 6, 1788, from Donegal
Franklin  August 13, 1855, from Canton, Morris
Hanover  March 11, 1786 from Smith
Independence February 1856 from Hopewell
Jefferson June 16, 1853 from Cross Creek
Morris March 13, 1788, from Amwell
Mount Pleasant May 12, 1806 from Smith, Cecil, Hopewell, Canton
North Bethlehem 1921 from West Bethlehem
North Franklin February 8, 1892, from Franklin
North Strabane May 2, 1831, from Strabane
Pike Run  April 1792
Somerset 1782 from Fallowfield
South Franklin February 8, 1892, from Franklin
South Strabane May 2, 1831, from Strabane
Union March 31, 1835, from Peters, Nottingham
West Bethlehem January 8, 1790, from Bethlehem
West Finley December 24, 1828 from Finley
West Pike Run March 9, 1839, from Pike Run

Source: Compiled from write-ups in Crumrine 1882 and McFarland 1910.
NOTE:  Obviously townships were not formed in alphabetical order but from redistricting based on population and voting needs.  They are given here in alphabetical order for convenience only.  See below

Township formation 
by YEARS
Townships by YEAR
Amwell 1781 15 July  Original.
Bethelhem 1781 15 July  Original
Cecil 1781 15 July  Original
Cumberland (to Greene County 1796) 1781 15 July  Original
Donegal 1781 15 July  Original
Fallowfield 1781 15 July Original
Hopewell 1781 15 July Original
Morgan (to Greene County 1796) 1781 15 July Original
Nottingham 1781 15 July Original
Peters 1781 15 July Original
Robinson 1781 15 July Original
Smith 1781 15 July Original
Straban
Strabane
1781 15 July Original - At first was spelled Straban, no e, but later Strabane.
Somerset 1782  03 April Fallowfield, Nottingham, Strabane, Bethlehem Twps.
Greene 1782  03 April ...
Dickinson 1785 15 September
Hanover  1786  11 March Smith Twp.
Franklin?  1787 16 July 
Morris 1788 13 March Amwell Twp
Finley 1788  06 May
East Bethlehem
E. Bethlehem
(E. Beth)
1790 18 January  Bethlehem Twp.
West Bethlehem
(W. Bethlehem)
(W. Beth)
1790  18 January  Bethlehem Twp.
Chartiers  1790 12 March Cecil Twp.
Cross Creek 1790  23 January  Hopewell Twp.
Canton 1791 10 June  Morris, Hopewell, Chartiers, Strabane Twps.
Pike Run  1792 08 January
Rich Hill 1793  13 March 
Buffalo  1799 08 May Donegal Twp.
Mount Pleasant
Mt. Pleasant
1806 12 May Cecil, Canton, Hopewell, Smith Twps.
East Finley
E. Finley
1828 24 December  Finley Twp.
West Finley
W. Finley
1828 24 December  Finley Twp.
Carroll 1830 30 September 
North Strabane 
N. Strabane 
1831  02 May From the Original Strabane Twp.
South Strabane 
S. Strabane 2 May 
1831 02 May  From the Original Strabane Twp.
Union  1836 31 March Peters, Nottingham Twps.
East Pike Run
E. Pike Run 
1839 09 March  Pike Run Twp.
West Pike Run
W. Pike Run
1839 09 March Pike Run Twp.
Allen 1853 14 June
Jefferson 1853 16 June
Franklin 1855 13 August  Canton, Morris Twps.
Independence 1856 19 May Hopewell Twp.
South Franklin
S. Franklin
1892  -- Franklin Twp.
Blaine
1894 Buffalo Twp.
North Bethlehem
N. Bethlehem
1921  East Bethlehem

By year arranged by Judith Florian using dates stated in other compiled lists.

Current Townships 
and towns
Current Townships
Amwell
Amwell includes: Amity, Braddock, Glyde, Harts Mill, Judge Chambers, Lone Pine, Mt Hermon, Ten Mile, Vankirk Morris
Morris includes Conger, Dunns Station, Old Concord, Plumbsock, Prosperity, Ringlands
Blaine Blaine includes Taylorstown Mount Pleasant
Mt Pleasant includes  Hickory, Primrose, Southview, Westland
Buffalo Buffalo includes  Finney, Rural Valley, South Bridge, Taylorstown Station North Bethlehem
North Bethlehem includes Cokeburg, Little Summit, Odell, Ontario, Pleasant View Heights, Scenery Hill
Canton Canton includes Elwood Plaza, Lincoln Hill, Log Pile, Sugar Hill, Wolfdale North Franklin
North Franklin includes  Braddock, Gabby Heights, Lincoln Hill
Carroll Carroll includes  Baidland, Black Diamond, Cracker Jack, Crestview, Donora, Eldora, Grandview, Hazel Kirk, Monongahela, New Eagle, Riverview, Sampson, Victory Hills, Wickerham Manor North Strabane
North Strabane includes  Canonsburg, Borland Manner, Gambels, Gilkeson, Hill Church, Linden, Morganza, Weavertown, Wylandville
Cecil Cecil includes   Bishop, Cowden, Gladden Hts, Hendersonville, Lawrence, Laurel Hill, Murry Hill, Muse Nottingham
Nottingham includes  Anderson Station, Crouches Station, Dunningsville, Gilkeson, Kammerer, Munntown
Chartiers Chartiers includes   Arden, Arden Mines, Canonsburg, Export, Midland, Houston, McConnells Mills, McGovern, Meadow Lands, Rich Hill Peters
Peters includes  Thompsonville, Donaldson Crossroads, McMurray, Bower Hill, Venetia, Library Junction
Cross Creek Cross Creek includes Avella, Pattersons Mill, Studa Robinson
Robinson includes  Candor, McAdams, McDonald, Midway
Donegal Donegal includes  Budaville, Claysville, West Alexander Smith
Smith includes  Atlasburg, Bonnymeade, Bulger, Burgettstown, Cherry Valley, Hickton, Joffre, Langeloth, Midway, Slovan
East Bethlehem East Bethlehem includes Besco, Clarksville Hill, Fredericktown, Millsboro, Sandy Plains, Vestaburg, Vesta Hts, Williamstown Somerset
Somerset includes  Bentleyville, Cokesburg Junction, Dunningsville, Eighty Four, Ellsworth, Vanceville
East Finley East Finley includes Pleasant Grove, Simpson Store South Franklin
South Franklin includes Chambers Mill, Lagonda, Point Lookout, Van Buren, Vankirk, Washington County Airport
Fallowfield Fallowfield includes  Charleroi, Ghennes Hts, Gibson, Lover (see West Pike Run), North View, North Charleroi, Redds Mill, Twin Bridges, Van Vorhis, Warner South Strabane
South Strabane includes East Washington, Laboratory, Manifold, Vance, Zediker
Hanover Hanover includes  Florence, Hillman State Park, Paris Union
Union includes  Coal Bluff, Courtney, Crookham, Elrama, Finleyville, Froman, Gastonville, Hackett, Houston Run, River View, Shire Oaks,
Hopewell Hopewell includes  Buffalo, West Middletown West Bethlehem West Bethlehem includes East Marianna, Marianna, Old Zollersville, Ten Mile, West Zollersville
Independence Independence includes  Avella, Browntown, P & W Patch, Belleview Campground, Dunsfort West Finley West Finley includes Good Intent
Jefferson Jefferson includes  Bertha, Eldersville, Hanlin Statiion, Penowa West Pike Run West Pike Run includes  Bentleyville, Ellsworth, Clover Hill, Crescent Hts, Walkertown, Sharrertown
Source:  Place names from The US Geological Survey Topographical Map of Washington County dated 1982.  Note: This does not include any older town names, now defunct or with changed names.
Cities 1.  Washington (County Seat)  |   2.  Monongahela

Washington City includes North Franklin.

Boroughs Boroughs
Allenport
Beallsville
Bentleyville
Burgettstown

California - Includes California, Allenport, Coal Center, Daisytown, Dunlevy, Granville, Long Branch, Malden Place, Roscoe, Speers, Stockdale, Twilight, West Brownsville

Canonsburg - includes Canonsburg, North Strabane

Centerville - includes  Centerville, Beallsville, Binnstown, Deemston, Denbeau, Denbeau Hts, Richeyville, Vesta, Maple Glen

Charleroi
Claysville
Coal Center


Cokeburg
Deemston
Donora
Dunlevy
East Washington
Elco
Ellsworth
Finleyville
Green Hills
Houston
Long Branch
Marianna
McDonald (partly in Allegheny County)
Midway
New Eagle
North Charleroi
Roscoe
Speers
Stockdale
Twilight
West Brownsville
West Middletown

Source:  Place names from The US Geological Survey Topographical Map of Washington County dated 1982.  Note: This does not include any older town names, now defunct or with changed names.

Census-designated places Census-designated places are geographical areas set by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purpose of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law.
Aaronsburg
Atlasburg
Avella
Baidland
Bulger
Cecil-Bishop
Cross Creek
Eighty Four
Elrama
Fredericktown
Gastonville
Hendersonville
Hickory
Joffre
Langeloth
Lawrence
McGovern
McMurray
Meadowlands
Millsboro
Muse
Paris
Slovan
Southview
Taylorstown
Thompsonville
Van Voorhis
West Alexander
Westland
Wickerham Manor-Fisher
Wolfdale
Wylandville
Unincorporated communities Unincorporated
Amity
Blainsburg
Condit Crossing
Cool Valley
Courtney
Cracker Jack
Fallowfield
Gambles
Glyde
Good Intent
Hazel Kirk
Laboratory
Log Pile
Manifold
McAdams
North Fredericktown
Old Concord
P and W Patch
Prosperity
Raccoon
Richeyville
Scenery Hill
Studa
Venetia

 

Former communities Allen Township
South Canonsburg (annexed to Canonsburg in 1911)
Population See historical below
As of the 2010 census: 207,820. 
As of 2013 estimates: : 208,206 
Current Unemployment 5.9% (Feb 2015)
Historical Politics Primarily a Democratic Voting Area at county and national levels
Voting Trends Recent shift toward Republican for national issues
Historical Colleges
Jefferson College, Canonsburg, PA
Washington College, Washington PA.
California Teachers' College, California PA
Historical 
Prep Schools
Washington Female Seminary - Grades 8 to 12, boarding school. Girls attended from New England States and other States. Ended 1940s after significant enrollment declines.
Historical to Current: 
The Washington Hospital and The Washington Hospital School of Nursing
The Washington Hospital School of Nursing, founded 1897, graduated first class in 1900.
The Washington Hospital, founded 1897 on Acheson Avenue.  Now is:
Washington Health System
Washington Hospital
155 Wilson Avenue
Washington, PA 15301

(724) 225-7000
Current Colleges
California University of Pennsylvania in California Borough.
Community College of Allegheny County Washington branch in North Franklin Township.
Washington & Jefferson College in the City of Washington and East Washington Borough. [merger of two historical colleges. W&J is the oldest college in the City of Washington PA.]
Waynesburg University- Southpointe Center Campus in Canonsburg.
Current Public School Districts Current Public School Districts
Washington County, Pennsylvania School Districts
Avella Area School District
Bentworth School District
Bethlehem-Center School District
Brownsville Area School District (also in Fayette County)
Burgettstown Area School District
California Area School District
Canon-McMillan School District
Charleroi School District
Chartiers-Houston School District
Fort Cherry School District (also in Allegheny County)
McGuffey School District
Peters Township School District
Ringgold School District
Trinity Area School District - oldest
Washington School District - oldest
Catholic Schools Immaculate Conception - John F. Kennedy Grade School
St. Hilary Grade School




Historical population
Census Population
1790 23,892
1800 28,298 18.4%
1810 36,289 28.2%
1820 40,038 10.3%
1830 42,784 6.9%
1840 41,279 −3.5%
1850 44,939 8.9%
1860 46,805 4.2%
1870 48,483 3.6%
1880 55,418 14.3%
1890 71,155 28.4%
1900 92,181 29.5%
1910 143,680 55.9%
1920 188,992 31.5%
1930 204,802 8.4%
1940 210,852 3.0%
1950 209,628 −0.6%
1960 217,271 3.6%
1970 210,876 −2.9%
1980 217,074 2.9%
1990 204,584 −5.8%
2000 202,897 −0.8%
2010 207,820 2.4%
Est. 2013 208,206 0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790–1960[5] 1900–1990[6]
1990–2000[7] 2010–2013[1]
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_County,_Pennsylvania

 

 

 

 

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Life in Washington, PA

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