Notes on the
Stones of the Kentucky Bluegrass
& Little Dixie, Missouri
by Neil Allen Bristow
Several children of Thomas Stone, Sr., migrated from Albemarle County, Virginia to the Kentucky Bluegrass in the early decades of the nineteenth century. The Stones, however, were not pioneers. They came to an already settled territory. Other Piedmont families, including the Bristows and Clarksons, had crossed the Appalachians on the Wilderness Road a generation before, and the trailblazers like Simon Kenton and Daniel Boone well before that. Three brothers (Henry, Kinzea, and John) died here, and one (Edward) died on the Ohio River but was a resident of Bourbon County. Most of the next generation moved further west to Boone and Platte Counties in Missouri, where they joined cousins coming direct from Virginia, but some of Kinzea's and John's descendants remained in Central Kentucky into the twentieth century.
Henry Stone came late to the Bluegrass, not moving to Fayette County until after 1822, where he died in 1829.1 Within a decade most of his children had moved to Boone County, Missouri.2 So many Kentuckians and Virginians settled in the counties north of the Missouri River that the area became known as Little Dixie.3
Sarah Stone (born about 1787) married Warner Cox 22 Sep 1812 and predeceased her father who provided for her four chidren in his will.
John David Stone (born about 1789) married 2 Jan 1816 Elizabeth Wood. They had at least one child, William Harrison Stone (1818-1910) who following his mother's death returned from Boone County, Missouri to live with his great uncle Kinzea's family in the Bluegrass. William settled in Central California.
Isaac Stone (1793-1847) married 19 Mar 1814 Elizabeth Keister (1784-1871). They had ten children. They moved to Boone County.
Nancy Stone (b 1795?) married 10 May 1823 William Dolan. A William Doling was in Boone County 1840, and in 1850 Nancy Dolan was found there with three children.4
Rachel Stone (b 1797?) married 21 Dec 1823 William Rippeto. They were in Boone County by 1830.5
Thomas Stone (1798-1853) married 16 Jan 1828 a cousin, Cynthia Crossthwait (1808-1845). They also moved to Boone County, Missouri. They had six known children. (See below.)
Henry Stone, Jr. (b 1800) married Mary Mitchell. They had seven known children and were among those in Boone County from before 1850.
Marshall Stone (b 1802?) was bondsman for his sister Rachel's marriage in 1823, and for Polly in 1824. He was with the latter's family in Platte County, Missouri in 1850.6
James Stone (1804?-1822) died young.
Elizabeth Stone (1806-1860) married 20 Dec 1821 Joshua Gibson (1798?-1882?). They and their six known children were among those who went to Boone County, where they appear in the census from 1840.7
Mary Stone (b 1808?) married 21 Dec 1824 her cousin Isaac Greening (1797?-1846?) and had at least three children. Following his death she then married 16 Feb 1847 a transplanted Yankee, Lyman B. Marsh (b 1808?). They joined the kin in western Missouri.8
Frances Elvira Stone (1813-1891) married 18 Jan 1831 Samuel Brown Kleiser (1800-1848). They were in Bourbon County in 1840, but have not been traced further.9
Kinzea Stone married 21 Dec 1797 Sally Watts (1780-1834), daughter of Elijah Watts, an Albemarle neighbor. They came to Bourbon County after 1810. Although not the eldest, he seems to have been the person the rest of his family turned to in times of stress. He served as executor of his brother John's will in 1821 and as administrator of his brother Edward's tangled estate in 1826 and following years. His own will was quite detailed.10
Elijah Watts Stone (1798-1821) married 27 Jul 1819 Elizabeth Foster and died two years later, leaving a boy, Thomas F., who is cited in Kinzea's will.11 Thomas (1821-1896) was among several Stones who settled in western Missouri.12
Thomas Stone (1800-1805) barely passed his fourth birthday.
Howard Stone (1803-1826) married 23 Mar 1825 Virginia Goodman, daughter of Nathan and Mildred Clarkson Goodman from Albemarle. He died the following year along with his uncle Edward, taking a load of slaves down the river to sell in the Deep South.13
Howard's widow (apparently childless) married 9 Sep 1831 Josiah Watkins, almost five years after her first husband's death.14 Virginia and Josiah remained in Bourbon County through 1850, raising a half-dozen children.15
Agnes F. Stone (b 1804) married 16 Jul 1820 William Carter. Both were living in 1845.16
James Austin Stone (1807-1857) married 31 Jan 1828 Ruth (or Ruthy) Watts, who died within the year leaving an infant son, William Watts Stone.17 James remarried quickly, 1 Oct 1829, Mary Haggard (b 1813?), and they remained in Bourbon County until moving to Platte County, Missouri in the 1840s with a half-dozen children.18
Fanny Stone (1809-1830) married 6 Oct 1825 James McVicker (1793?-1864), a native of western Maryland. They had only one child, Elijah D. (b 1826?) before she died. Kinzea did not esteem his son-in-law James highly and put his grandson Elijah's legacy in trust. An unmarried Elijah was working in nearby Nicholas County in 1850.19 He moved to Hocking County, Ohio, within a couple of years and in 1856 married a young widow, Mary M Rhoads. Elijah and Mary had least one daugher, Frances. Elijah and his father died within a few months of one another in 1864.20
Sarah Jane Stone (1811-1855), who was born in Kentucky, married 10 Jul 1828 William James Norris (b 1803?). They and three children moved to Platte County in Western Missouri by 1840. After 1850 they went further west to Topeka Kansas, where she died in the mid 1850s.21 Norris, who proudly called himself a capitalist, returned to Platte County and remarried.22
Kinzea Stone, Jr. (1813-1879) married 12 Jul 1836 Elizabeth Ann Seamands (1813-1901), daughter of Manson and Elizabeth Ann Newton Seamands from Albemarle. She was the widow of Edwin M. Dodge (1811?-1835?). Kinzea raised his stepson David M. Dodge along with their nine children. Both David Dodge and Kinzea's eldest, Jesse Newton Stone, left sketches of the family in a local history.23 Kinzea and Elizabeth are buried in the Paris Cemetery.24
Their son Kinzea III (1851-1925), sometimes known by his full name of Preston Kinzea Stone, married 22 Jan 1878 Sallie Belle Hoover (1858-1945) of Jessamine County. A successful tobacco manufacturer in Scott County, he served as Mayor of Georgetown.25
Catherine Stone (1815-1838) was married twice in her short life. Kitty, as she was known, first married 1 Dec 1829 Sheldon Porter and had two children who are named in their grandfather's will. Then she married 28 Sep 1837 Moses Norris, who may have been kin to her sister Sarah's husband, William James Norris, but is otherwise not traced.28
Edward Stone (1817-1858), was named for his uncle, and like his namesake never married. He was designated by his father to act as trustee for a nephew. He died of consumption at age 41, and rests in the Paris Cemetery.29
Nancy Mildred Stone (b 1819) married 19 Jun 1837 William Clinkenbeard. They joined the migration to western Missouri, where their son (named for Kinzea) was born in 1842. William and his son later appear in California, perhaps lured by the Gold Rush, but whether Nancy accompanied them is not known.30
John Stone (b 1821) married 10 Jun 1847 Ann Washington Redmon (b 1825?). The young family appears in the 1850 Bourbon census.31
Rachel Stone (1782?-1836?) married 4 Nov 1800 in Bourbon County her widowed brother-in-law Thomas Isaac Crossthwait (1770?-1830). His father Isaac had died in neighboring Clark County in Dec 1810.32 They later went to Boone County, Missouri, where they died in the 1830s.33 Information on the six children of his earlier marriage to her elder sister Mary Stone is less complete than that on the four younger children, but suggests that some of the family went to Tennessee, as did their uncle Thomas Stone, Jr.34
Nancy Crossthwait (b 1788?) married 9 Dec 1809 Richard Turner.
Mary Crossthwait (b 1790?) married Isaac B. Gibson of Hickman County, Kentucky, where she died around 1831, when he remarried.
Sarah Crossthwait (b 1794?) married Robert Dickerson of Sumner County.
Lucy Crossthwait (b 1796?) married (Male) Neal.
James M. Crossthwait (b 1797?) married Fannie Hughes.
Elizabeth Crossthwait (b 1799?) married (Male) Davis.
Rebecca Crossthwait (1804-1865) married 2 Oct 1827 Rev. Peter Kemper (1802-1873), a Baptist minister.35
Frances Crossthwait (1805-1867) married 30 Aug 1830 Benjamin Connelly (1805-1876).36
John Crossthwait (1806-1854) married 22 Nov 1832 his cousin Frances Stone (1814-1902), daughter of Isaac Stone.37 After John's death she married 9 May 1860 the recently widowed Francis Marion Connelly (1803-1877), who was likely kin to her brother-in-law Benjamin Connelly.38
Cynthia Crossthwait (1808-1845) married 16 Jan 1828 her cousin Thomas Stone (1798-1853), son of Henry Stone (see above).39
|Front elevation of The Grange,|
on the Paris-Maysville Pike.
John Stone and his second wife, Judith Parrott, arrived in Bourbon after 1810, where he died in 1821.42
Elizabeth Parrott Stone (1804?-1847?) married Doctor Lewis G. Ray (1799-1864). They had five children.43
Thomas Stone (b 1807?) is found next to his brother John in 1850. He married around 1833 Malinda. They had four children.44
John Stone (1808-1869) married 21 April 1834 Phoebe M. Desha (1815-1883), the daughter of John Desha from Pennsylvania. They had eight children, three of whom died young.45 The family plot is in the Paris cemetery.46
Judith Yearby Stone (1812-1883) married 18 Nov 1828 Charles V. Higgins (1807-1902), son of James and Mary E. Williams Higgins of Virginia. They had one son, Charles, Jr.47
William Parrott Stone (b 1814?) has not been traced.
James Madison Stone (1816-1898), who went by Madison, lived in Texas, but returned to be buried near his parents.48
2 For details on the Boone County Stones and Crosthwaits and their neighbors, see Virginia Easley DeMarce, "Boone County, Missouri" database on WorldConnect, which cites many original documents.
3 See for example R. Douglas Hurt, Agriculture and Slavery in Missouri's Little Dixie (Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1992), and Howard Wight Marshall, Folk Architecture in Little Dixie: a Regional Culture in Missouri (Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1981).
4 1840 Census Boone County, Missouri, 121. 1850 Census Boone County, Missouri, 372.
5 See Milman database for details.
6 1850 Census, Platte County, Missouri. 346, 27 Sep 1850. Lee Twp, Family 16.
7 See DeMarce.
8 1850 Census, Platte County, Missouri. 346, 27 Sep 1850. Lee Twp, Family 16.
9 1840 Census, Bourbon County, Kentucky, 299. Northern District.
11 Young Thomas did not require a trustee because he was of age by 1845.
12 A somewhat confused register of the Stones who went to Platte County is found in W. M. Paxton, Annals of Platte County, Missouri (Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, 1991 ), 231-232. Paxton seems to have mixed up the generations, making James Austin Stone a son of Elijah, rather than his brother.
14 9 Sep 1831. If there had been a child from her first marriage, a boy would have been old enough to have left home by 1850 and a girl was likely married by the mid-1840s.
15 1850 Census, Bourbon County, Kentucky, 295. District 1. Family 443.
16 I have not been able to trace them further.
17 What became of him is unknown. Another William W Stone (ten years older than the subject) appears in Boone County, Missouri. [1850 Census, Missouri, 362. District 8, family 504.] However, this William may not even be a cousin; present in the household is a 73-year-old William Stone from Virginia, who does not fit any of the known lines.
18 1830 Census, Bourbon County, Kentucky. North Middletown Pct. Data: 0 0 0 1 0 1 / 0 / 0 / 8. 1840 Census, Bourbon County, Kentucky. Data: 2 1 0 0 0 1 / 1 2 0 0 1 / 0/ 7. 1850 Census, Platte County, Missouri, 358. Lee Twp. Family 175.
19 1850 Census Nicholas County, Kentucky, 459.
20 Western Citizen, 27 May 1864. "Elijah D McVicker, age 38, at Logan, Ohio; son of James McVicker, and a native of Bourbon co. Wife and several children survive." Also "James McVicker, 70, at res of his son at Logan, Ohio; Native of Allegheny co, Md." Cited in NGSQ 73: 70. The 1860 census found in Logan, Hocking, Ohio E D McVicker 33 KY and Maria M McVicker 30 CT. In addition to three elder Rhoads children a two-year-old Frances is listed under that name. Also in the household was James McVicker 65 MD (Eijah's father).
21 See data by Emmett W Bratt on WorldConnect, 22 May 2003. 1850 Census, Platte County, Missouri, 346, Lee Twp. Family 38.
22 Paxton, 232. He appears in the census through 1870.
23 1840 Census, Bourbon County, Kentucky. Data: 2 0 0 0 1 / 1 0 0 0 1 / 0 / 7. 1850 Census, Bourbon County, Kentucky, 31. 1st District, Dwelling 678. See "David M. Dodge" and "J. Newton Stone" in W. H. Perrin, History of Bourbon, Scott, Harrison and Nicholas Counties, Kentucky (O. L. Baskin & Co., Chicago, 1882), 461, 613.
24 DAR Kentucky Cemetery Records, 1960, 1: 57. "Kinzea Stone Jr / 1813-1878 / Elizabeth A, his wife / 1813-1901."
25 Perrin, History of Bourbon, 614. See also B. O. Gaines, History of Scott County (Georgetown, KY; author, 1904, 1905 [Reprint The Georgetown Graphic, 1957]), 157. Lindsey Apple, Frederick A. Johnston, Ann Bolton Bevins, eds., Scott County, Kentucky, A History (Georgetown, KY: Scott County Historical Society, 1993), 229, 231.
26 Ann Bolton Bevins, History of Scott County as Told by Selected Buildings (Georgetown, KY: author, 1981), 237-239. Recently restored, the magnificent Victorian structure was included in a charity Home Tour in 2003.
28 A Moses Norris appears in Platte County Marriage records, using the same Southern Methodist minister, W H Sexton, as William J. Norris.
29 The 1850 census finds him at his brother Kinzea's, without occupation, apparently already ailing. 1850 Census, Bourbon County, Kentucky, 31. 1st District, Dwelling 678. His death was reported in the Paris Western Citizen, 5 Nov 1858. "Edward Stone, brother of Kinzea Stone, at Midway, 28 Oct 1858, of consumption, in 42nd year of age." DAR Kentucky Cemetery Records, 1960, 1: 58. "Edward Stone / b Aug 7, 1812 [?] / d Oct 28, 1858."
30 See Alex Peat, "Peat Family Tree," 5 Feb 2004, WorldConnect. (13 Mar 2004).
31 1850 Census, Bourbon County, Kentucky, 307, 19 Sep 1850. 2nd District, Family 342. (Next to William Redmon 39 and Emily 37, who could be her parents.) A posting by Mary Stone on Genforum, 3 Jan 2000, gives the names of seven children.
32 Clark Wills 3: 54. Probate 28 Jan 1811. The family name appears in a variety of forms: with one 's' or two, with and without an 'e', and sometimes without the 'th' as Crosswhite. Clerks sometimes changed forms in the same document. Also, a few modern readers of old court records have occasionally mistaken the old-fashioned medial tall 's' as an 'f' or a 'p'.
33 Darcy Slaughter notes that he died on 9 Sep 1830 in Boone County, Missouri. His probate quickly followed on September 14, when administration was granted to Benjamin Connelly & Rachel Croswhite. Final Settlement 5 Nov 1835. [Probate Packet #107.] She died 1835, and her estate probated on 24 Sep 1836 when administration was granted to John Crossthwait. Final Settlement 3 Jan 1842. [Probate Packet #251.]
35 1850 Census, Boone County, Missouri, 354, 3 Sep 1850. 8th District, Family 243. 1860 Census, Boone County, Missouri, 671, 18 Jun 1860. Rockyfork Twp, Family 242? (some numbers skipped). See also DeMarce.
36 1850 Census, Boone County, Missouri, 427, 7 Oct 1850. 8th District, Family 1361. 1860 Census, Boone County, Missouri, 758, 18 Jul 1860. Cedar Twp, Family 848. See also DeMarce.
37 1850 Census, Boone County, Missouri, 355, 3 Sep 1850. 8th District, Family 396.
38 1860 Census, Boone County, Missouri, 758, 18 Jul 1860. Cedar Twp, Family 850.
39 1850 Census, Boone County, Missouri, 354, 3 Sep 1850. 8th District, Family 385.
40 Albemarle Deeds 17: 40. Edward Stone of Davidson County, Tennessee to William Watson of Albemarle.
41 Walter E. Langsam and William Gus Johnson, Historic Architecture of Bourbon County (Paris, KY: Historic Paris-Bourbon County, 1985), 97-96. The Grange is illustrated in Rexford Newcomb, Old Kentucky Architecture (New York: Bonanza Books, 1940), plates 49, 50. See the sketch of Edward
43 See Sherri Schappert, "Burgess's Tx-Mo" Pedigree, 18 Apr 2002, WorldConnect (13 Mar 2004). Gives dates and children. He appears with his sons in the 1850 Census of Bourbon County, District 2 Family 28.
44 1850 Census, Bourbon County, Kentucky, 307. 1st District. Family 630.
45 Phoebe was a member of the politically active Desha clan. Several of her children were the namesakes of her classically-named uncles and cousins. See Danette Karle Welborn, "McLarry Family Tree" on worldconnect (db = karle1). 1850 Census, Bourbon County, Kentucky, 307. 1st District. Family 629.
46 "John Stone / b Dec 10 1808 / d Sep 21, 1869" and "Phoebe M / wife of John Stone / b Jan 12, 1815 / d Mar 2, 1883." Three brothers share a common headstone: "Robert D / son of J & P M Stone / b 17 & d 19 Aug 183s5" "Desha / son of J & P M Stone / b Jul 20 & d Nov 4, 1836" and "William D / son of J & P M Stone / b Jan 2 1838 / d Oct 23, 1850." DAR Kentucky Cemetery Records, 1960, 1: 57.
47 "Charles V. Higgins" in Perrin, History of Bourbon, 471. 1850 Census, Bourbon County, Kentucky, 303. 1st District. Family 557. He and Judith are buried in Paris Cemetery, Section G: "Higgins / Charles V / Sept 17, 1807 / Apr 18, 1902" and "Higgins / Judith Y / Wife / Mar 3, 1812 / July 20, 1883".
48 Paris Cemetery, Section G. "James M Stone / Sept 24 1816 / Mar 6, 1898"