The Newberry Family - Illinois & Iowa

Illinois and Iowa
The long haul across Missouri in the dead of winter left the Saints wondering how do conduct themselves in the future.
Landing in Quincy, the brethren were in contact with Joseph Smith who was still in prison in Liberty Jail, and his
counselors were looking at land in a place called Commerce, Illinois. A good piece of land along the Mississippi River,
just across the wide flowing ribbon from Montrose, IA.  Isaac Galland offered them this land at a good price. Later,
he additionally offered land in Iowa to which he had no legal right, but duped them into buying in June of 1839. 
The Illinois and Iowa lands were purchased by Church agents Oliver Granger and Vinson Knight. 

James is shown on a piece of land on the Half Breed Reserve in Section 18, Township 66.5. and another in the
Northwest section of Des Moines Township marked only as T 67.7.  This section would later be in the name of his
son Abraham. The first would be lost because of bogus deeds.

Mormon Land Purchase - Half Breed Tract Section
In 1839-40
two hundred and fifty families moved on to the Half Breed Tract in Iowa, which they were to find had
been sold to them under false pretence.  Luckily, at some earlier period, James' sons apparently had the presence
of mind to become squatters on the tract, outside of the land holdings sold to the Church.  By about 1841 James
and Mary moved from the land on the Half Breed Tract into Nauvoo. But they seemed to hold dual residency,
perhaps hedging their bets in case of emergency - when and if the mobs chased the Mormons out of Nauvoo.
Of course, we know that was a good move on James' part. Joseph Smith was the prime owner of Nauvoo land
and held all the deeds.  Section 67.7 was later to be owned by the Newberry's along with so much more.

After endeavoring to grow Nauvoo up from a disease and bug ridden swamp, James was driven with the rest of the
Mormons  from their Illinois home in 1846, fomented by by intolerance and strife over new and old  mistakes made
by various leaders of  the church. Dissident fractionalization of  the Church's organization had been smoldering from
the time of Kirtland.  Internal strife was found in Missouri and the dis-ease followed Joseph Smith to Nauvoo.

James and Mary's names are found on the Nauvoo City Tax lists of 1842-43. Land maps show that the Newberry’s
were given a plot in the city. Whether a house was ever erected is not known. Although it is known that James lived
in town with some of his daughters under his roof  after Mary's death. Many historical records were destroyed when
the city was in siege.  In 1842 Mary died of "the canker" in Nauvoo.  After Mary's death it is assumed Nancy Brown
Newberry lived in the home in Nauvoo.

Back  home in Warwick , N.Y. James' mother Jemima died in 1843 at the home of his sister Asenath Durand who
lived in Pennsylvania by that time.

History of Iowa and Illinois land holdings . . . circa 1838
James A. Newberry's sons James Washington Newberry and Abraham Newberry took up and settled the land on
the Half Breed Tract in Lee Co. Iowa where the whole family was found in 1838. This land was at first allotted to
the Sac and Fox Indians who were half bloods.  Did the Newberry's qualify for this land because of their heritage
or because of pre-emptive laws? Probably neither. Squatters were in great prevalence on the new frontier.  They
may have made friends with the Indians who owned the land, and when none worked it, they probably began from
the position of settlers. 
However, James appears on the Half Breed Tract Census in 1840.  County histories indicate
they squatted on the land by 1838.

James' sons, James W. and Abraham are shown as owners of various parcels of land in this county after James Sr.
moves on to SW Iowa. The history of this particular parcel of land is very difficult to get a straight story on, as the
ownership was in question in the federal courts until 1853.

On to -The collapses of Nauvoo and Exodus of the Saints

Other Topics and Destinations:

Newberry Researcher's Corner - BRICK WALLS  This page is dedicated to the continuing research of the family and the
 researchers who continue with me to sift through the ancient records of the New England and New York.

All pages
Stage 1
/Connecticut / New York / More Newberry's in New York Samuel Smith / Smith Farm / Revolution /
Old School Baptists
/Native people in New England / Stage 2 / Ohio / Missouri / Illinois & Iowa / Nauvoo /
Flight to SW Iowa
/ The Half Breed Tract / Cutlerite membership / dissidence in NauvooDeath of James Newberry /
Wives and Family
/ Children who Went west /Stage 3 /Exodus to Utah / Utah Morrisites / Hannah's Children /
Hannah's Necklace
/ genealogy table / Addenda /Newberry Brick WallsWhispers - beginning the search /
/ Family Album / Jonathan Newberry Bible /