The Revolutionary War

Newberry’s in the Revolutionary War

John and Eddy Newberry were mentioned in the Revolutionary War.  John was discharged by his commanding officer
because he was able to prove that he was lame and couldn’t walk long distances, but not before he was listed for court
martial..  Eddy also was listed as not having served even though he had been enlisted.

"Court Martial in Warwick"-- John Hathorn to Gov. Clinton

  Warwick 7th November 1778

  Sir, Agreeable to a General Order of the 21st of September last I have
the honour to transmit your Excellency the proceedings or rather the
verdicts of a Court martial held in my Regiment from the Continued
movements of the Regiment, was prevented from Transmitting it Earlier.
I take the liberty of Submitting to your Excellency the Particular
situation of John Monger & John Newberry, two of the Inclosed
delinquents, whose fines run pretty high; the former was not at home
when the Regiment marched; was moving his family to or near New Windsor,
and when the Court sat, he had not the Opportunity of mak'g his defence,
not being apprised, of the Court's sitting; the latter has abundantly
sattisfied me that he is an infirm person seldom capable of marching or
undergoing the least fatigue; therefore, would hope their fines may be
lessened or mitigated.

  At a Regimental Court Martial Held at Warwick in the County of Orange,
for the Trial of Sundry delinqu'ts of Col Hathorn's Regiment of Militia,
Commencing the 12th of October and Continued by adjournments unto the
Thirty first of the same month 1778; Whereof Capt. Andrew Milder was
President, Lieuts. Benjamin Coley Nathaniel Ketchum and James Right, &
Ensigns John Wood & henry Bartolf Members: the following Persons were
fined the several Sums annexed to their names for disobeying orders to
march into the late Class Service at Minisink & General Alarm to
Parramus:  [note of transcriber: amounts are given in 'pounds']

Andrew Wood 5; Phinehas Tompkins 8; Colvil Bradner Jun'r 40; Abraham
Osburn 24; Joseph Todd 5; William Clerk 10; Andrew Christie 5; James
Demorest 40; David Demorest 40; Philip Reddick 20; John Newberry 40;
John Robinson 24; John Miller 5; Garret Decker 4; John Tebow 40; Smith
Wesner 5; Joseph McCane 12; John Coster 5; John Sandford 24; Isaac
Winings 5; James Bennedict, Jun'r 12; Anthony Bramer 10; Thaddeus Scott
4; Thomas Allenton 5; Cornelious Decker 2; Samuel Hamanway 5; Joshua
Hallack 8; Justice Odle 5; Henry Allison 8; James Tidd 24; Jesse
Mullocks 12;  James Arsball 5 James Reder 5; Stephen Wood 12; Henry
Clerk 20; George Hamilton 8; Isaac Jennings 5; George Wood 5; John
Monger 16, Samuel Raner 20; Samuel Raner Jun'r 40; Richard Clerk 5;
Timothy Clerk Jun. 6; Henry Jackson 8; John Low 16; Isaac Decker 8;
Nathaniel Davies 16; Thomas Welling Jun'r 5; John Welling 5; William
Helmes 12; John Kelly 12; Oliver Baley 2. .

This information was transcribed by Sue Gardner, webmaster and librarian
for the Wisner Public Library in Warwick, N.Y, and archivist for Warwick
Historical Society.

The Iroquois League during the Revolution
“The Iroquois League was a confederation of upper New York State Indian tribes
formed between 1570 and 1600 who called themselves "the people of the long house."
Initially it was composed of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca.
After the Tuscarora joined in 1722, the league became known to the English as the
Six Nations and was recognized as such in Albany, New York, in 1722. They were
better organized and more effective, especially in warfare, than other Indian confederacies
in the region. As the longevity of this union would suggest, these Indians were more
advanced socially than is often thought. Benjamin Franklin even cited their success in
his argument for the unification of the colonies. They lived in comfortable homes, often
better than those of the colonists, raised crops, and sent hunters to Ohio to supply meat
for those living back in New York. These hunters were usually young braves or young
married couples."  During the Revolutionary War they were Loyalists.

– Glenn Welker – internet site

More about the Newberry clan in the Revolution

During the Revolutionary War, it is said the Newberry’s were involved in helping string the huge chain across the
Hudson River
to keep the ships out of the channel. However, their semi-neutrality in the war may be part of the reason
we see them listed in the court martial papers by Col. Hathorn.

Some historians claim the family was into land speculation and were Loyalists, but identified themselves as being neutral
activists. I however, have never found any proof of the land speculation thing, as they were living on the Wawayanda
and Beekman Patent's set up by the Dutch, and they were not mentioned in any of  the texts I surveyed.

Many of the Native Americans who were living in the path of the war were encouraged not to take part by tribal elders.
The Abenaki of Vermont remained neutral through most conflicts.  Some of John Newberry’s children were apparently
born in Vermont though the record is not entirely clear.

The participation of Native Americans in the American Revolution is partially explained Colin G. Calloway who writes
an eye-opening book that helps the reader to understand American history of this period from multi-perspectives, and
gives the reader a better idea as to how these people were dealt with by the Europeans and how they lived.  Calloway
puts the participation of Native America into better perspective by pointing out . . .

“Historians have usually approached the story by looking at tribes rather than towns:
of the six nations composing the Iroquois league, the Mohawks, Cagugas, Senecas,
and most of the Onondagas sided with the British, whereas the Oneida and most
of the Tuscaroras espoused the American cause.”

Understanding the Revolution from the standpoint of the various Christian Indian towns helps to understand the dynamic
involved in Native America's participation in conflicts even before the Revolution.  This history is far more complicated than
one might imagine when reading the standard version of American history.

The Christianized towns by no means is the whole answer to the equation either.  Many native people people had gone
their own way from the tribe and likely made their own decisions based their individual or familial situation, their allegiances
and the home front.

Evidence regarding allied lines of the family show that they may possibly have been indentured as servants or slaves to
English families in Connecticut.  This is another subject entirely, but might explain why they didn't seem to be affiliated with
a particular tribal group early on and cannot be connected with the English blood line.

In the papers of George Clinton, Col. Hathorn gives the cause of Warwick’s people for not participating in the War as a
firm desire to protect their homes and family - before country. This would be reasonable in view of prior history and due
to the remoteness of many farms.

James Demorest is listed along with John Newberry in the Hathorn letter. He was John Newberry’s son-in-law twice
over, married to two of his daughters – Sophia and Annie – both of whom had large broods of children.  John Newberry
purchased his land around Wickham Pond from Thomas Welling.  I have copies of the deeds to this land. However,
by 1805 there is no mention of the Newberrys on a land map prepared by Mrs. Elizabeth VanDuzer in 1933.* On a
map in a book called Along the Wayawanda Path, there is an excellent map that does show the Newbury property.
However, John Newberry’s will of 1818 left his property to his sons and prior town assessments show the land. Shortly
after John death, his older sons left for Ohio.  Joshua appears to stay behind.

Military Records for Newberry Men

The men's names mentioned in the following Military Records listing are all brothers of John Newberry born in 1746

Calendar of New York Historical Manuscripts Relating to the War of the Revolution in the office of the Secretary
of State, Albany, N.Y.

Vol. 1  1868, pg. 12 Goshen precinct, Orange County, June 21 1775. Persons who refused to sign within the
Association of the precinct.
    John Newberry
     Ede Newberry

p. 616  Petition of persons employed in obstructing the Hudson River Petition, 33:654:656, dated Jan. 28th 1777
                     John Newberry (among signers)

New York in the Revolution, as Colony and State, Albany 1898 
             p. 166 (Orange County Militia) (Land Bounty Rights)
                    Third Regiment - John Newberry
             p. 140  (Duchess County Militia)
                    Third Regiment - Joseph Newberry

Heritage Quest - Online Resource
Roster of State Troops - documents Relating to Colonial History of the State of New York,
Fernow, Berthold Ed. Vol. XV. State Archives Vol. I,  Albany, N.Y.

            Edy Newbury -
private with Hathorn's Regiment, and Minthorn's Company - Orange County

            Duchess County N.Y. Revolution
            Joseph Newbury - private with  Field's Regiment, Hecock's Co.
           Joshua Newbury - corporal with Field's Regiment, Hecock's Co.

1. Public Papers of George Clinton Vol. IV No. 1908
2. Calloway, Colin, The American Revolution in Indian Country, Crisis and Diversity in Native American Communities, Cambridge
University Press 1995
3. Warwick Valley 1805 (map)  Prepared by Mrs. Elizabeth Van Duzer in 1933 and Chapter of national Old Trails Committee for the D.A.R.

Continue for more information about the family in Warwick.

Other Topics and Destinations:

Newberry Researcher's Corner - BRICK WALLS  This page is dedicated to the continuing research of the family and the
 researchers who continue with me to sift through the ancient records of the New England and New York.

All pages
Stage 1
/Connecticut / New York / More Newberry's in New York Samuel Smith / Smith Farm / Revolution /Old School Baptists /
Native people in New England
/ Stage 2 / Ohio / Missouri / Illinois & Iowa / Nauvoo / Flight to SW Iowa / The Half Breed Tract /
Cutlerite membership
/ dissidence in NauvooDeath of James Newberry / Wives and Family / Children who Went west /Stage 3 /
Exodus to Utah
/ Utah Morrisites / Hannah's Children / Hannah's Necklace / genealogy table / Addenda /Newberry Brick Walls
Whispers - beginning the search
/ Bibliography / Family Album / Jonathan Newberry Bible /


Acknowledgements and addenda

Questions regarding this website can be directed to Web Mistress