South Carolina Records 1701-1820

James1 Holdridge

The first Houlditch mentioned in South Carolina records was James1 Holditch. "JAMES HOLDITCH, late of the province of South Carolina, in part beyond the seas. An administration made in England on his estate there to Richard Boys and dated 13 March 1701/1702. Richard Boys, being the father of SUSAN HOLDITCH relict of the defunct JAMES HOLDITCH, who died intestate."[1]

James1 Holditch and Susannah Boys of St. Olave, Hart Street were married at St. Botolph Aldgate, London, 22 May 1701.[2] St. Olave Hart Street is in the City of London near to the Tower of London and very close to the river Thames, which is close to the maritime business area. They had one son James2 Holdich, named as grandson in the 1711 will of Richard Boys of London. Daughter Susan Wigfall was named in the will, indicating she had remarried. She died between August and January 1711 (Julian calendar) as Richard added a note to his will, "Since the publishing. . . of my above written will I have been informed that my daughter Susan Wigfall is dead". James2 was about ten years old when his mother died. No Wigfall grandchildren are named in the will.[3]

St. Olave Hart Street
New Royal African Company
Robert Carter's Diaries
South Sea Company

Although a record of James's1 birth and parentage has not yet been found, there is some evidence of a relationship to Captain Abraham Holditch, of the Devon, England Holditchs. There was a business connection between the Holditch and Boyse and related families. Richard Boyce of the Parish of St. Olave Hart Street was a citizen and draper of the city of London by 1660.[4] In September 1672 a Richard Boyce was a member of the New Royal African Company, London, and other members and investors were Abraham Holditch, Thomas Nicholls and John Ashby.[5] Abraham Houlditch, son of Captain Abraham Houlditch was a draper of London as early as 1696[6]. A Thomas Nichols married Susan Boyse's sister Mary in 1695[7]. Captain Abraham Houlditch, and a William Houlditch were involved in trade with the American colonies. In the winter of 1701-1702, the ship Elizabeth and Mary, commanded by John Burford, and owned by Samuel Landford, Nicholas Goodwin, William Holditch, and Job Mathews, sank during a voyage to Virginia[8]. John Burford later commanded the Mansfield, owned by Abraham Houlditch[9]. Richard Houlditch, son of Abraham and a member of the South Sea Company from 1718-1721 was a woolen draper[10]. This same Richard Holditch named Nicholas Goodwin in his 1720 "particular and inventory"[11] when he declared bankruptcy after the failure of the South Sea Company. A John Ashby, Sr. (cassique) was one of the original owners of the Baronies of S. C. and at one time owned several thousand acres of land in South Carolina. One granddaughter of John Ashby, Elizabeth, married the Rev. Thomas Hasell. One great-granddaughter, Constantia, married John Wigfall.[12].

James2 Holditch

In South Carolina shortly after the death of James1 other Holditch name variations start to appear in the records. In 1708, Joseph Holbeach had a warrant for 150 acres of land in Berkley County. Joseph Holbeatch shows up in a series of judgement rolls 1711-1719, versus various people including John Ashby, Catherine Samways, Francis Le Brasseur and Matthew Porter. In a 1715 judgement he is called a vintner. Joseph Holdridge appears in a 1712 quit claim in Berkley County, and Joseph Oldrige on the Petite Jury list, 1720, South Carolina. Joseph Holbeatch signed his will 2 Nov 1720, names wife Jeane Holbeatch, children Jane Houlbeatch, a minor, and "the child in my pregnant wife". Michael Brewton was named guardian of the unborn child at the wife's death or marriage. The widow Jeane Holbeatch was Jane Brewton, daughter of Col. Miles and Susannah Brewton (widow of Mathew Porter). Jane Holdbeatch married second John Bruce in 1723 in Charles Town.

James2 Houlditch appears as an adult in the South Carolina records when he and James Laurens were witnesses to the will of James Ellis of Charles Town, on 10 August 1724. He appears again as James Holditch and witnessed the will of Phillip Jones, Dec 4, 1728, in Charleston. In June 1743, James Holditch witnessed a deed for Henry Christie, Charleston. The last record found is an inventory of the personal estate of the late James Holddidge of Berkeley County made 22 June 1745 by the appraisers, Benjamin Savage, Adam Beauchamp [Capt.] and Thomas Corker and Sworn Before Jacob Motts Esq. J.P. Parts of the Berkeley area became Orangeburg by 1769.

Is this James2 Houlditch the ancestor of our William4 Houlditch of Laurens County? He left no will and I have found no record of his children. I have researched records in Charleston and the South Carolina Archives in Columbia and have found few records with Houlditch spellings. There is one purported record tying our William4 Houlditch of Laurens County to an earlier James. Leonardo Andrea, South Carolina genealogist, completed a research report in 1945 for a descendant of William4 Houlditch of Laurens County. In his research for Mrs. John F. (Jessie Gentry) Gannon he wrote "There is a wrapper for a missing set of equity papers in Court of Equity in Laurens County which gives this information: Lands of William Houlditch deeded from his father William and from his grandfather James of Orangeburg". This equity case would have been for William Houlditch, who died in 1803. From another source, Rev. W.D. Houston, grandson of Zachariah, and greatgrandson of William Houlditch, wrote a family history in which he claimed that the father of William Houlditch of Laurens County was also a William Houlditch who had nine children. Although not proven, these records indicate that James2 Holdich, son of James1 and Susannah, could have left at least one son named William3 and this son William3 could have been the father of William4 Houlditch of Laurens County.

Who was William3 Holdridge?

After the death of James Houlditch in 1745, more spelling variations of Holditch began appearing in the records. The variations on the spellings of Houlditch and Holdridge are so numerous that it is impossible to know which of these may be descendants of James2 Houlditch and which are totally unrelated families.

In his report to his clients, Leonardo Andrea also included parts of an unpublished McCreight Family Paper which was compiled by a Mr. McCreight in Winnsboro, Fairfield Co., SC in 1895. This family spelled their name Hardage. The account intersects the available Houlditch data at many points, but I have not been able to prove that they are the same family. Mr. McCreight wrote this:

"My grandmother was Jemima HARDAGE who married Mathew McCreight and in her lifetime told me these HARDAGE items, but said she was not sure she had them right, but that what she knew on the HARDAGE family was as she recollected from her knowing some of the family personally and from what her father had told her. My grandmother Jemima HARDAGE McCreight was one of the two children of James HARDAGE. His other child was Sarah HARDAGE who married William Bryant. James HARDAGE died before 1800 at his home on the Broad River across from the Newberry Co. line and left but two children, Sarah Bryant and my grandmother, Jemima McCreight. James HARDAGE was the son of a James HARDAGE who died sometime before 1750, but Grandma did not recollect the date he died. He came up from Charleston to prospect for land, but he died before he could patent the lands he laid out on both sides of the Broad River. His sons later patented these lands for themselves when they were grown. James HARDAGE, Sr. was my own grandmother's grandfather. This old James HARDAGE married a Miss HASSELL or HASEL of the rice field aristocracy down towards Charleston. He left her in Charleston when he came up the state to prospect for land. He built himself a rude cabin and died there of a fever before he ever got a patent on his lands he had laid out.

South Carolina County Formation
South Carolina 1725
South Carolina 1732
South Carolina 1779

The children of this James HARDAGE were in Rice Country near Charleston with their mother who was, as I have said, a HASEL. Grandmother said these children were Hassel HARDAGE who settled further up on the Broad River on the east side in what is now Chester County. William HARDAGE settled on the Broad River on the West side in the upper part of Newberry County. James HARDAGE settled on the Broad River on the east in Fairfield County, he was named for his father. Joseph HARDAGE who was named for an uncle Joseph who died just a few years after he was married in the rice fields near Charleston of a fever. This Joseph settled between the Broad and Wateree River and was the youngest child of James HARDAGE, SR. and his wife whom I think was Mary HASSELL. A daughter was named Mary Hardage and was the only sister of James Hardage Jr. This Mary Hardage married a Sams. The reason I think the HASSELL wife of James HARDAGE, Sr. was named Mary is because the only daughter of James HARDAGE, Sr. was named Mary and grandmother said she recollected hearing the older members of the family say she was named for her mother. My grandmother said that her Uncle William HARDAGE lived on the west side of the Broad River and had several children and his oldest son was named William and she thinks he had a son named Moses and a son named Holcum. Some two or more daughters of her uncle William HARDAGE married BAILEY men. Uncle Hassel HARDAGE was named for his mother's family and was quite wealthy. His oldest son was named for his uncle William HARDAGE. Uncle Hassel HARDAGE'S son William was a brave captain in the Revolutionary war and was killed in the bloom of youth. Uncle Hassel had a large family. Nat HARDAGE, and I suppose his name was Nathan, grandmother said she could not recollect whether he was a son of James HARDAGE Sr. or not, but she thought he was a nephew whom she raised. They called him uncle Nat though as if he was a brother to James HARDAGE Jr.. This Nat HARDAGE stayed in Charleston where he died young. His widow married a SMITH.

Grandmother said that her great grandfather was named James HARDAGE also and that he came to Charleston as a merchant soon after that city was founded. He came to Charleston from London, England but he was born in Norfork County in England or Norfolk Shire. This first James HARDAGE died of the Strangers's Fever and left his widow with several children in Charleston. His wife was a Boyce and I think her name was Susie Boyce. I know we are related to the Boyce family who moved up to Broad River. This first James HARDAGE'S oldest son was named James and he was the one who died in his rude log cabin when he came up on the Broad River to prospect for land. The first James HARDAGE had several children but all were small when he died and some were still over in England with their grandfather. I do not know the names of these children except there was one named Joseph HARDAGE for whom the Joseph HARDAGE of Fairfield was named. His widow married a man named Bruce and lived to be an old lady in Orangeburg. Then James HARDAGE, my grandmother's grandfather was a son, as I have already written about him. There was a son named Richard HARDAGE but I do not know what became of him. I believe that Richard HARDAGE was the father of Nat HARDAGE. There was a daughter who married a Jones I know for some of the Jones kin came up from Charleston way and settled in Fairfield and grandmother said she knew they were first cousins of her father, James HARDAGE Jr. of Fairfield. The first James HARDAGE had a daughter named Susan and I think she married a man by the name of Spencer. The wife of the first James HARDAGE from Norfolk England married again after her first husband died and she had some children by him, but my grandmother did not tell me about them or if she did, I forgot who they were. I think that the daughter of the first James HARDAGE married a Jones who was a son of Phillip Jones and I think that another one may have married a Jones but I believe she was a half sister of James HARDAGE who died on the Broad River in the Parish of St. Matthew."

Hasel Hardwick's descendants claim that he is the son of Joseph Hardwick of Westmoreland County, Virginia, and he is named in Joseph's will as a son. Hasel's son William is spelled Hardridg in a revolutionary pay record in 1784, Hasel is a Hardage in 1785, and a Hardich in 1790. His descendants settled into the Hardwick spelling. James Hardage of Fairfield County had no sons, and the Hardage spelling ended with him. There is an Arledge family in Fairfield County whose name was spelled Aldridge and Oldridge in early land records. The sons of William Houlditch of Laurens County show up in South Carolina records as Houlditch, Holditch, Holdridge, but eventually the descendants of his sons James and William became Holdridge, the descendants of Zachariah became Houlditch, and the descendants of George became Holditch.

The following are more examples of South Carolina records with Houlditch and variant spellings. Note that some of these fit the Jemima Hardage story. Although available records do not show a clear ancestry for William Houlditch of Laurens, there are enough records to show that the Houlditch family was present in South Carolina from the first James Houlditch's death in 1701 through William Houlditch's death in 1803. The most likely scenario is that William4 Houlditch of Laurens was the son of a William Houlditch3 who was the son of James2 of Berkley County, and that James2 was the son of James1 Holdich of Charles Town and London.

The fifth day of September 1750, a plantation or tract of land containing 200 acres being part of a tract of three hundred and fifty acres situate and lying and being on the Wateree Creek in Craven County bounded by a branch called dry branch and running to the upper line and along the upper line to the end and then joined by vacant land on the south side, was granted by James Glenn esquire governor to John Oldridge. This land referenced in a memorial for Edward Nixon in 1762.

Edward Nixon Land Memorial

This area became part of Camden in 1769, then probably between Fairfield (formed 1785) and Kershaw (formed 1791).

On June 5, 1756, Mary Holdich married John Samways in St. Phillips Episcopal Church, Charleston.[13]

William Aldridge made a petition for land 6 Sept 1757, "presented to his excellency the Governor and read", 300 acres on Tylo Creek. Ten years later, in 1767, when William and his wife Agnes of Berkeley County sold this land, his name was Oldridge in the lease and release to Andrew Frederick.

In 1760, there was a petition to prolong warrants of survey, for James Hardage, (Jemima McCreight's father) 100 acres on the Wateree River.

Payment for Colonial services was provided about 1760-1764 by Houlditch & Lewis, for plank for the use of Fort Prince George.

Fort Prince George

A certificate was also drawn in favor of James Houlditch for plank for Fort Prince George, to be paid by the Treasurer upon his making oath that it was not obtained for the same service as the foregoing certificate to Houlditch & Lewis. Fort Prince George was constructed between October 14 - December 11, 1753. It was completely rebuilt in 1756 and again in 1765. The location is in the upper left of this map, highlighted in red. The Little River, indicated with red markers between the Bush and Saluda Rivers, is in Newberry and Laurens County, where the Houlditch and Drake families have been documented from at least 1780-1820.

1762 Joseph HODAGE, received a land grant of 100a in Berkeley County. This land was on a creek in what seems to be present Newberry County. Newberry is bordered on the north by Laurens County.

1763 William Alderadge made a petition for warrants of survey, 150 acres on the Wateree; in 1764, William Aldridge, a plat for 150 acres in Craven County, Dutchman's Creek, Wateree River. Dutchman's Creek fed into the Wateree approximately where indicated by the red hatch marks on the map above. Today this area is in Fairfield County.

1764 Isaac Aldrige, a petition for land, 200 acres on the Wateree.

In 1767 a William Oldridge shows up in Craven County records, his land mentioned in a plat for George Payne. [14],

William Oldridge land

"South Carolina Pursuant to a precept from John Troup esquire DS Gen dated 2nd day of June 1767 I have admeasured unto George Payne a tract of land containing 50 acres in Craven County [became part of Camden in 1769, probably between Fairfield 1785 and Kershaw 1791] laying on the west side of the Wateree River and both sides the Dutchman's Creek bounded to the west by the same George Payne's own land, to the east by William Oldridge's land."

1769 John Aldridge, petition for warrants of survey and to prolong warrants, 100 acres in SC.

1768 William Hardick, Quit Rent Roll, 100 a. in Craven County, SC (granted in NC) April 20, 1763.

1768 Wm. Aldrige, petitions to certify plats, 100 acres Craven County.

1768 William Aldridge, plat for 100 acres in Craven County, Dutchmans Creek.

1768 Joseph Hardege, petitions for warrants of survey, to prolong warrants, and to certify plats were heard, 300 a., Waters of the Wateree. [became part of Camden in 1769, probably between Fairfield 1785 and Kershaw 1791]

1768 Hazel Hardwick, petition to certify platt, 500 ac Craven Co. [became part of Camden in 1769, probably between Fairfield 1785 and Kershaw 1791]

September 15, 1771 John Smith and Mary Holdridge, widow, married at St. Philips Episcopal Church, Charleston.[15]

1778 South Carolina, Camden District, Between Broad and Catawba Rivers, on the Petit Jury List for the "District of Camden", William ALDRIDGE, Joseph HARDREDGE, Hazel HARDAGE, Quinton MCRIGHT, Henry CROFT, Charles SPRADLIN

1778 or 1779 Jurors for the Upper Part of the Middle Division Between Broad and Saludy Rivers, William Hendricks ?, Joseph Adair, James Young, Hugh Young, William Dendy, Andrew Rogers, John Rogers, Henry O'Neil

William4 Holdridge

In 1780 William Holdridge was a private in the militia, and received payment for serving under Col. Anderson before the reduction of Charles Town which occurred in May 1780. In 1781 Wm. Houlditch was listed on a pay bill for 10 months service in Capt William Smith's Troup, Lt. Col. Thomas's Regiment, Gen. Sumter's Brigade. There is a Revolutionary record for this William Houlditch. The spelling Holdridge and Houlditch have been used in South Carolina records for the same family, but since there is a separate record for William Holdridge and William Houlditch, these may be two different people, William Sr. and William Jr.

1783 William Holcombe, for duty as a Sergeant under Col. Robert Anderson on a Tour (of duty) to the Fall & Reduction of Charleston. "Received the indent for William Holcombe for Mrs. Levenie Houlditch the Administrator of the estate of William Holcombe, deceased and signed, Thomas McCracken of Newberry County of 96 District. Sworn to before me this 23rd day of October 1786, Levi Casey J.P., Justice of the Peace for Newberry County in upper District which adjoined Laurens. Gentlemen, please to deliver to Thomas McCracken the indents due to William Holcum and this shall be your sufficient Receipt. Lovina Houlditch, her X mark."

Sept 1784, Lease and release. William Pitts (96th Dist) to Robert Young (same) for 300 old currency sell all that Tract of land containing 100 acres in said Dist. on a small Beaverdam Branch of Little River [branch of Saluda between Bush and Reedy] . Granted to Heny Stoneparish 1 Feb 1768 by Charles G. Montague then Gov. Being part of a large survey. Bounded on lands of said Young & lands laid out by a bounty warrant. John Oneal dec. Witness William Houlditch. Jacob Nealy. Aron Pitts. John Watson. Signed William Pitts Rec. 8 Jan 1788.[16]

1786 Clement Arledge, plat for 100 acres on Catabaw River, Camden District, surveyed by John Milling. Names indexed include Isaac Oldridge. Nathaniel Aldridge, plat for 100 acres on Broad Mouth Creek, Ninety Six District, surveyed by Thomas Lofton.

1790 Census, Laurens Co. William Holdridge; Charleston Co. Joshua Hostige; Greenville Co. Moses Holdred; Fairfield Co. James Hardige; Chester Co. Hazle Hardrich; Chester Co. Moses Hardridge

Nov 1, 1791 "Ann Baylie and Wm Holdritch [Holdridge] of Lawrence [Laurens] Co., SC to James Wood of Orange for $100, 225 acres on both sides of Allibees [Ellerbees] Creek." Ellerbees Creek was in Claremont Co., SC, present day Sumter Co. Ellerbee Mill and Ellerbee are on the border between Sumter and Kershaw Counties. Kershaw was not formed until 1791. 1763 Mecklenburg Co., N. C. was formed from Anson Co., NC. The Mecklenburg Co. area west of the Catawba River, (river north end of Wateree), became Tryon County, N.C. in 1769. In 1772 the area called the New Acquisition, in Camden District on the boundary between North and South Carolina, once thought to be in N.C. was surveyed, establishing this area as York County, S. C. This Ann Bailey is likely the widow of William Bailey named in this 1787 will, "Wm Bailey of Laurens County to wife Ann, all property with plantation I now live on, to my son Wm the lower half of tract where he now lives; son James upper part of tract; to my grandson Wm Bailey, son of David Bailey, 1 sterling; remainder to be divided among my children John, Zachariah, Magary, Mary, William, James, Lucy and Leuvicey; Zachariah, Wm. and James Bailey, Exrs. 27 Jan 1787. Wm. Bailey (Z) (Seal), Wit: A. Rodgers Junr., Thos Rodgers, John Rodgers. Appraisement includes acct. against Wm. Holdridge, by Wm. Boyce, Wm. Dendy, Tandy Walker". Note that of her eight children, five have the same names as the children of William Houlditch: Zachariah, Mary, William, James, Lucy.

1792 Tax List Fairfield County: Joseph Arledge, Clements Arledge, Isaac Arledge, Amos Arledge, William Arledge, Isaac Arledge, James Hardage

1793 "Know all men I, Martha SPRADLING do hereby release my right of dowery or alimony of Wm. Hardage of Fairfield Co. by my free consent do not allow that I have had any right or claim on the said HARDGAGE from March 20, 1773. I don't believe I had any claims according to law herby announce and revote all bargains or contracts. wit. Allen Perry said he saw Martha SPRADLEY sign article of writing to Wilem Hardage."

1793 Richard Aldridge, plat for 200 acres on south east side of Tobys Creek, Orangeburgh District.

1795 William Oldridge, mentioned in record of James Harvey, plat for 220 acres on Horse Branch of Wateree Creek, Fairfield County, Camden District.

1795 Clemans Oldridge, mentioned in record of Benjamin Sibley, plat for 220 acres on Catawba River, Chester County, Camden District [North of Fairfield].

1800 William Holdridge was enumerated in the census of Laurens Co., SC.

1803 William Houlditch, a will recorded in Laurens County, SC, Will Book C-1, page 74, proven date October 19, 1803.

James5 Holdridge

James5 Holdridge was named in the 1803 will of William4 Houlditch/Holdridge in Laurens County.

James Holdridge[17] and his brother William[18] are found in the 1820 Laurens County Census.

The last record I have found in South Carolina for James Holdridge and Seliah is in an 1820 equity case brought by John Smith and Sarah Smith (widow of Benjamin Drake), concerning the estate of Seliah's father Edmund Drake. [19]

George Holdridge remained in Laurens County until after 1840. He can be found in the 1829, 1830 and 1840 census.[20,21,22]

  1. Lothrop Withington, compiler, "South Carolina Gleanings in England Communicated by Mr. Lothrop Withington, South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. IV, Nov 4, 1903, page 288. Withington's entry was abstracted from the Admon Act Book, 1702, Folio 47. I requested a photocopy of this folio from the British National Archives in 2008 but staff there could not find it.
  2. James Houldich and Sussanah Boyse marriage, May 22, 1701, in St. Botolph Aldgate, Guildhall MS 9226, Guildhall Library, Aldermanbury, London EC2P 2EJ, England. The marriage record cannot be copied unless you visit the Guildhall. Marriage info provided by Stephen Freeth, keeper of manuscripts, Guildhall Library Manuscripts section, in an e-mail to Cindy Smith dated September 2006. Groom's parish/residence, St. Olave Hart Street, bride's parish/residence, St. Olave Hart Street.
  3. Richard Boys will (August 1711), Prob/11/525, image 459, Documents Online, National Archives, Great Britain.
  4. Percival Boyd, compiler, Boyd's Inhabitants of London (London: Society of Genealogists, 1939), Richard Boice card #19733
  5. Genealogy Quest,, list of members of the New Royal African Company as of September 27, 1672, accessed May 12, 2008. Although Abraham Houlditch was not on this list, according to Davies in Royal Africa Company, he was an investor in the company, "Old hands of the former Africa Adventurers were modest investors; Abraham Holditch, Henry Nurse former agents at Cape Coast Castle".
  6. Papers of the Forbes Adam/Thompson/Lawley (Barons Wenlock) Family of Escrick, #Ref DDFA/18/48, part of bundle DDFA/18/39 - DDFA/18/68, Hull University Manuscripts and Archives Database, Assignment 9 March 1696: Mary Johnson of parish of St. Giles Cripplegate, London, widow of Thomas J. of Mile End parish Stebunheath alias Stephney esq., and Arthur Bayley of Stephney esq., to Abraham Holditch citizen of London draper of London, mortgage terms in Wiggenholme Farm with messuage, garths, Wiggenholme Spring, Cow Close, Ingg Close, 2 Colt Closes, Sheep Close, 2 closes called the Moze and 2 other closes, in Escrigge and Wheldrake. Previous Mortgages by William Lord Howard of Escreeke recited. Witness T. Grege, Ed. Boulter. Endorsement of further Assignment for 1072 by Abraham Holditch and Mary Johnson to Thomas Scawen and Robert Stockdale of London merchants as trustees for Sir William Scawen. Witn. Martin Keigwin and Tho. Neadham. [Abraham Houlditch married Elizabeth Jonson 31 January 165/96, St. Dunstan, Middlesex.]
  7. Boyd, Boyd's Inhabitants of London, card #59331
  8. Edmund Berkeley, Jr., Notes on Often-Cited Persons, Places, and Things in Robert Carter's Diary and Letters,
  9. Louis des Cognets, Jr., English Duplicates of Lost Virginia Records (Princeton, New Jersey: 1958),
  10. John Carswell, The South Sea Bubble (London: Cresset Press, 1960) p. 28
  11. Richard Holditch, Esq His Particular and Inventory (London: printed for Jacob Tonson, Bernard Lintot, William Taylor, 1720)
  12. Walter B. Edgar and N. Louise Bailey, Biographical Directory of the South Carolina House of Representatives (Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1977), 41
  13. Brent H. Holcomb, South Carolina Marriages, 1688-1799 (Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1995) 218. St. Philips Parish Register.
  14. Colonial Plat Books (Copy Series), Series S213184, Vol. 19, Pg. 96, (South Carolina Department of Archives and History), online
  15. Holcomb, South Carolina Marriages, 1688-1799, 231
  16. Larry Vehorn, compiler, Laurens County Deed Abstracts 1785-1793 Books A-D (Greenville, SC: Southern Historical Press, 2004)
  17. James Houldridge household, 1820 U.S. Census, Laurens County, South Carolina,, Inc., Provo, Utah, page 13b,
  18. William Holdridge household, 1820 U.S. Census, Laurens County, South Carolina,, Inc., Provo, Utah, page 34b,
  19. Edmund Drake, Drake & Smith vrs Holdridge, Drake, Dalrymple, Packet No. 7, unknown repository, Washington District, SC.
  20. Richard Lorenz, "Laurens County 1829 Census Lookup," e-mail message from [email protected] to Cindy Smith, August 16, 2002.
  21. George Houlditch household, 1830 U.S. Census, Laurens County, South Carolina,, Inc., Provo, Utah, page 273,
  22. George Houlditch household, 1840 U.S. Census, Laurens County, South Carolina,, Inc., Provo, Utah, page 60,