Seventeenth Century Sources

Inquisitions Post Mortem

The holding of land by feudal tenure was abolished by Act of Parliament during the reign of Charles II. The Inquisition Post Mortem give the descent of families, the possession and transfer of land from the time of Elizabeth I to that of Charles II. They give the name of the deceased, date of death, name and age of the heir, together with particulars as to the property.

The Inquisitions for Leinster and Ulster were published in 1826. Those for Munster and Connaught are available in the National Archives and the in the Royal Irish Academy. There is an index to all Inquisitions in the supplement to the 8th Report of the Record Commissioners (1819).

Calender of Irish Patent Rolls of James 1

A Patent Roll was a grant of land to a person from the King, they give the name of the grantee and sometimes the reason for the grant. The Calender of Irish Patent Rolls of James 1, was edited and published by the Irish Manuscripts Commission in 1966.

Ulster Plantation 1609

The Presbyterian Historical Society Library in Belfast, has a list of Scottish Freeholders in the Ulster Plantation.

List of Undertakers 1612 - 13

The Historical Manuscripts Commission Report, 4 (Hastings MSS) lists grantees for Cavan Donegal and Fermanagh.

Muster Roll 1630

It was a condition, binding on the undertakers in the Plantation of Ulster that they should "have ready in their houses at all times, a convenient store of Arms, wherewith they may furnish a competent number of men for their defence".

A return of those available was drawn up by William Graham, in or around the year 1630. The original is in the British Library (Add. Ms 4770).

It is available in both, the Presbyterian Historical Library and the Public Records Office in Belfast. The lists for Cavan, Donegal and Fermanagh, have been printed in local journals / histories.

Subsidy Rolls 1634

Those who paid a grant in aid of the King are listed in the Subsidy Rolls. The Representative Church Body Library in Dublin has transcripts made by Tenison Groves of the Subsidy Roll of 1634, which is indexed (see below).

The 1641 Depositions

The 1641 Depositions (Trinity College Dublin, MSS 809-841 Now accessable ONLINE) are witness testimonies mainly by Protestants, but also by some Catholics, from all social backgrounds, concerning their experiences of the 1641 Rising. The testimonies document the loss of goods, military activity, and the alleged crimes committed by the Irish insurgents, including assault, stripping, imprisonment and murder.

Muster Roll 1642

The Rising of 1641 resulted in a muster of able-bodied men who would assemble to fight if the need arose. The Public Records Office in Belfast has a Muster Roll for County Down 1642, there is a copy in the Presbyterian Historical Society Library.

Calender of Patent Rolls of Charles 1

Calender of Patent Rolls Ireland Charles 1 Vol. 1 edited by J. Morrin was published in Dublin in 1863.

List of Outlaws 1641-47

After the failure of the Rising of 1641, many of Irish landowners were outlawed. This resulted in two and a half million Irish acres being confiscated. The list consists of 2,200 names and the information given is : Names, Place of Residence, Title/Occupation, Date of Outlawry and Place of Outlawry. An abstract in English of the records for the periods 1641-1671 are in the library of the Oireachtas. The National Library of Ireland has microfilm copies of it.

Civil Survey of Ireland 1654

This was carried out by order of the English Parliamentary Government, the war that had been waged in Ireland was to be paid for with Irish land. It lists the landlords of each townland and their predecessors in 1641.

It has been published by the Irish Manuscripts Commission and the parts that are available are for the following counties : Tipperary, Limerick, Waterford, Kerry (part of), Dublin (except the baronies of Newcastle and Uppercross), Kildare (except the barony of Ophaley, Meath, Wexford (except Forth), Donegal Derry and Tyrone (Volume III). Volume III is available at ‚50 post free from the author of this work. There is an article by J.G. Simms in Irish Historical Studies (1954-5) on the Civil Survey.

Down Survey 1654

This was carried out by Sir William Petty. On 11th December 1654 he entered into agreement with the Commonwealth Government to "survey and admeassure,...all the forfeited lands, both profitable and unprofitable, within the baronies of the ten halfe counties appointed by Parliament for satisfaction of the arrears of the officers and soldiers in Ireland,.." It is a record of the ownership of land after the Cromwellian confiscations and the information was portrayed on parish and barony maps.

What survives of the Down Survey fall into three categories

(a) copies of parish maps made in 1787 by the Hon R. Rochfort, Surveyor General which now form the Reeves Collection in the National Library of Ireland,

(b) a series of Barony maps known as Hibernia Regnum compiled from the parish maps and representing the survey as a whole in diminutive form, this is in the Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris

(c) the Quit Rent Office maps and tracings, now in the National Archives.

The National Library of Ireland has the survey books for County Tipperary (M. 95).

Census of Ireland 1659

This was compiled by Sir William Petty. The Census of Ireland has been edited by Seamus Pender and published, with supplementary material on the Poll Money Ordinance (1660-1661), by the Irish Manuscripts Commission (1959).

The format was as follows : Parishes, Townlands, Numbers of People Tituladoes Names: Eng. (Scotts) Irish. It gives the names of those who held title to the land and the total number of persons (English and Irish) resident in each townland, it also lists the principal Irish names in each barony and their number. According to Pender the term "Titulado" is best explained as referring to the principal person or persons of standing in any particular locality; such a person could have been of either sex, a nobleman, baronet, gentleman, esquire, military officer, or adventurer. The classification under the heading English, Scots, or Irish is not completely accurate.

This includes details of population for the counties of :

Ulster - Antrim, Armagh, Derry, Donegal, Down, Fermanagh, Monaghan,

Munster - Clare, Cork and Cork city, Kerry, Limerick and Limerick city, Tipperary, Waterford and Waterford city,

Leinster - Carlow, Dublin and Dublin city, Kildare, Kilkenny, Laois, Longford, Louth, Meath Offaly, Westmeath, Wexford,

Connaught - Leitrim, Roscommon and Sligo.

The volumes for Cork and Meath are not complete.

The census is arranged in counties, baronies, parishes and townlands and in cities parishes and streets.

Hearth Money Rolls 1665

The Hearth Money Act 1662 provided that there was to be a tax of two shillings on each hearth (chimney). The rolls consist of the names of householder who paid the hearth tax, it is arranged on a county, parish and townland basis.

The National Archives has copies of and extracts from the rolls for various place in Counties Armagh, Dublin, Fermanagh and Tyrone (M. 2468-74). There are also copies of the rolls available in the Public Records Office, Belfast, the National Library of Ireland (Ms 9583) and also in the Office of the Chief Herald (Ms 538). The Presbyterian Historical Society Library in Belfast has a transcript copy of the roll for County Antrim. The Representative Church Body Library in Dublin has copies of the returns indexed under Dioceses and Parishes.

They have been published for some counties in local journals.

Subsidy Roll 1669

The Irish Parliament during the 1660·s, as a contribution towards the solution of the financial problems of Charles II, especially for the maintenance of the army in Ireland, voted for a series of subsidies. All who owned goods worth at least ‚3 were taxed at the rate of 2s 8d in the pound. Assessment in each county was in the hands of Commissioners, who were to draw up lists of tax-payers and give them to the Sheriffs. A duplicate list together with the gross amounts to be paid was sent to the Exchequer. These duplicate lists and gross amounts are known as the Subsidy Rolls. The National Archives has some material from the Subsidy Rolls. The Subsidy Rolls for County Down 1663 are in the Public Records Office and in the Presbyterian Historical Society Library in Belfast.

King James II's Irish Army List 1689

Illustrations Historical and Genealogical of King James II's Irish Army List (1689) by John D·Alton, contains information on those who served the Jacobite cause. The second edition was published in 1861.

Outlawry Lists 1691

In 1689 William III issued a declaration calling on those who had supported James II to surrender, failing which their estates could be forfeited. As there was no response to this; proceeding for high treason were to be instituted. After the Battle of the Boyne in 1690, proceedings were taken in the courts against those who had supported James II. Juries in a number of counties returned bills of indictment for high treason against more than two thousand individuals. Most of these persons were outlawed. After the war more than a thousand individuals, most of whom had joined the French army were outlawed. The lists of outlawries are in Latin and record the names, addresses and status (or in some cases occupations). There are more than four thousand names. An abstract in English of the records for the periods 1641-71 and 1691-98 are in the library of the Oireachtas. The National Library of Ireland has microfilm copies of it.

Athlone Herald 1690

The Jacobite Court in exile had its own Herald, James Terry, who had to satisfy both the French and Spanish courts as to the pedigrees of those who sought advancement. The Pedigrees & Papers of James Terry, Athlone Herald (1690-1725) by C.E. Lart was published in 1938.

Eighteenth Century Sources

Australian Transportation Records
Nineteenth Century Sources

Additional Genealogical Sources