Neville, ó Niadh A Gaelic surname meaning descendant of Nia meaning ‘champion’. A sept who were originally seated in the neighbourhood of Tralee in Kerry. In later times they were erenaghs of Knockpatrick, near Foynes in Limerick. In west Galway the surname is sometimes anglicised Needham. ó Cnáimhín, meaning descendant of Cnáimhín (diminutive of cnámh meaning a bone), a sept of the Dál gCais is so anglicised in west Clare. There is also an English surname of French origin. In 1890 Neville was principally found in Limerick and Cork, and the estimated number of bearers was 1,750.