Spring & Bohanan Families
Oklahoma Choctaw

[Jami's Genealogy] [Spring] [Newberry] [Hoffecker] [Self]

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Also visit the Jones Family Of The Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory

Cousin Clifford Smith's Website with Folsom, Walker & Roebuck connections.

Ron Henson's Headstone Photographs Choctaw County Oklahoma: Self, Spring, Bohanan

My surnames includ: Baxter, Boatman, Bohanan, Duboise, Hopiye Emahotuna, Iyyokle, Martin, Moore, Self, Southerland, Spring.
I have more information than is listed below. Please contact me if you care to.

My name is Jami Self Hamilton and I was named after my father, James Lane Self. He died when I was 2 1/2 and I was not able to get to know his family until I was older. After meeting my Grandfather, Roy Walter Self in the late 1980's, he told me that I was Choctaw Indian. He was very proud of this fact and wanted to ensure that I knew this. Unfortunately, Roy died in 1993 but for him and for my Dad, I have started the search for more information of our heritage.
The information I include below is from many cousins that have contacted me over the past few years and also research that I have done myself. I have many people to thank for the help and encouragement to continue finding all our family. I am forever thankful to everyone!


1. Roy Walter SELF was born on 29 Jun 1909 in Hugo, Choctaw County, Oklahoma.1 
He died on 16 Jan 1993 in Lawrence, Douglas County, Kansas.2
Obituary from the Lawrence KS newspaper, dated Jan. 18, 1993:
Roy W. Self, 83, Lawrence, died Saturday, Jan. 16, 1993, at a Lawrence hospital.
He was born June 29, 1909, in Hugo, Okla., the son of Doss and Sara Jane Springs Self. Mr. Self was graduated from Goodland Presbyterian School in 1927 and attended Murray State in Tishomingo, Okla. He has lived in Lawrence since 1957. He worked at an ordinance plant in Pryor, Okla. and an Army ammunition plant in McAlester Okla. He went to work for DuPont and worked at the Indiana Ordnance Works before he began work for DuPont at the Tecumseh Plant in 1957 as a guard. Mr. Self was a member of Haskell Baptist Mission. He was married to Eula Myrtle Funderburg June 25, 1936, in McAlester, Okla. She survives. Other survivors include a daugter, Rhonda Bechard, Lawrence; a son, Ronald K. Self, Lincoln, Neb.; a sister, Marie Walker, Hoyt, Okla.; a brother, Frank Self, Phoenix, Ariz.; a stepsister, Imogene Self, Pampa, Texas; two stepbrothers, Billy Doss Self and Barney Ross Self, both of Foreman, Ark.; four grandchildren; and four great grandchildren. Services will be at 2 pm Tuesday at Rumsey Funeral Home in Lawrence. Burial will be in Memorial Park Cemetery in Lawrence. Mr. Self will lie in state after 9 am today at the funeral home where visitation will be from 7 to 9 pm today. Memorial contributions may be made to the Center for Basic Cancer Research and sent in care of the funeral home. He had Social Security Number 448-01-1531. Issued in OK before 1951, place of residence listed as Eudora, Douglas Co., KS

2. Doss.jpg (368599 bytes)   Albert Doss SELF was born on 15 Mar 1882 in Self's, Fanin County, Texas.3
He appeared on the census in 1920 in Choctaw County, Oklahoma.
Doss, age 39, born TX, resident county - Choctaw, Head
Sarah, age 31, born OK, wife
Lee, age 12, born OK, son
Roy, age 10, born OK, son
Ray, age 8, born OK, son
Dee Arthur, age 6, born OK, son
Juanita, age 3 3/12, born OK, dau.
Spring, Simean, age 20, born OK, Bro.-Law
Doss died in 1954 in Foreman, Arkansas.  Doss died from stomach cancer, according to his daughter Marie. Cancer seems to run on in the family. Both Ethel and Marie have had breast cancer.
He was divorced from Sara Jane SPRING about 1923.

3. Sara2.jpg (52286 bytes)   Sara Jane SPRING was born on 30 Nov 1886 in Hugo, Choctaw County, Oklahoma. She died on 19 Mar 1941 in Hugo, Choctaw County, Oklahoma. Sara died from heart trouble. She was buried in Spring Chapel Cemetery, Hugo OK. Tombstone reads:
Sarrah Spring Self
1889-1941 Choctaw Roll number 3867, census card 1400, 5/8 blood.
Sara Jane is buried at the family cemetary, Springs Chapel Cemetary, Hugo
Via Uncle Frank Self; Sara Jane had approximately 640 acres of allotment land when she married Doss Self. Doss borrowed money against the property and eventually left Sara Jane with 8 children. She lost the farm and was forced to give 7 of her children to the Goodland Indian Orphanage.
Sara Jane worked at Goodland School for awhile.


4. Levi SPRING was born on 8 Feb 1843 in Kiamichi County, Choctaw Nation. Note one transcription of cemetery records says Levi was born 1842 the other says 1843. He appeared on the census in 1885 in Choctaw Nation, West, Pushmataha District. PAGE 31.
    811. Levi Spring age 43, 1 male, 1 Indian, 25 acres under cultivation, 25 horses, 50 cattle, 100 Hogs, 1 bale of cotton, 350 bushels of corn.
    812. Samuel Bailey Springs, age 11, 1 male, 1 Indian.
    813. Perry Spring age 4, 1 male, 1 Indian.
    814. Anna Spring age 1, 1 female, 1 Indian.
    He died on 16 Feb 1903 in Hugo, Choctaw County, Oklahoma. From microfilm records of Choctaw County, Indian Territory:
August 3, 1903 - application of Bailey Spring asking appointment as adminstrator of the estate of Levi Spring was filed.

August 8, 1903 - Petition of Mrs. Sophia Spring asking appointment as an adminstrator of the estate of Levi Spring deceased -- filed September 5, 1903.
There being no objection filed to the above the same was granted. Levi mustered in under Captain Maytubby on 2 September, 1864 at Goodland C.N.
1st Choctaw and Chickasaw Mounted Rifles.
Private Levi Spring was in the war for 3 years, his enlistment number was 51862187.
The 1st Regiment Choctaw and Chickasaw Mounted Rifles (also called Volunteers, Riflemen, and Cavalry) completed its organization 31 July, 1861, with ten companies, A to K. Many changes were made in company letters, due to the reorganization of some companies and the elimination and substitution of others.
** Source of information- National Archives Microfilm, extraced 4 October, 1995, by Jami Hamilton.**

The Choctaw and Chickasaw 1st Cavalry Regiment, Mounted Rifles was formed during the summer of 1861 and was surrendered by General E.K. Smith, commanding Trans-Mississippi Department on 26 May 1865. Final assignment was to the 2nd (Walker's) Indian Cavalry Brigade, Indian (Cooper's) Cavalry Division, Trans-Mississippi Department (Sept. 1864 - May 1865).
Field officers included Ltc's. James Riley and Tandy Walker; Majors Willis J. Jones, Mitchell Leflore and Sampson Loering.
The unit fought in the battles of:
Round Mountain (six companies) 19 Nov. 1861
Chusto- Talasah 9 Dec. 1861
Neosho 26 April 1862
Newtonia 30 Sept. 1862
near Honey Springs 17 July 1863
Poison Springs 18 April 1864
Massard's Prarie (near Fort Smith) 27 July 1864
***** Source Stewart Sufakis's Compendium of the Confederate Armies; Facts on File, 1995.*****

Levi's Choctaw Roll number is 3864, census card 1400, 1/4 blood. He was married to Sophia BOATMAN.

5.    Sophia BOATMAN was born on 15 Aug 1842. She died on 11 Apr 1907 in Hugo, Choctaw County, Oklahoma. She was buried on 11 Apr 1907 in Spring Chapel Cemetery, Hugo OK. Sophia Boatman Spring's Choctaw Roll number is 3865, census card 1400, full blood Choctaw. Levi SPRING and Sophia BOATMAN had the following children:

        i.    David SPRING was born on 29 Sep 1886 in Kiamichi County, Choctaw Nation. He died on 22 Nov 1914. Choctaw Roll number 3866, Census card 1400, 5/8 blood.
    1    ii.    Sara Jane SPRING.
        iii.    Franklin SPRING was born on 8 May 1889 in Kiamichi County, Choctaw Nation. Franklin Spring's Choctaw Roll number is 3868, Census card 1400, 5/8 blood.
            *source personal records of Jami Hamilton*

            There is the following Springs buried at Beggs Cemetery, Beggs, Okmulgee County OK
            Spring, Frank J., B 8-28-1898 D 4-18-1978
            Spring, Patricia Ann, B 12-24-1954 D 1-17-1955(1yr)
            Spring, Walsie M., B 4-10-1914 D 1-21-1987
        iv.    Jesse SPRING was born on 5 Sep 1893 in Hugo, Choctaw County, Oklahoma. He died on 16 Dec 1951 in Ardmore, Carter County, Oklahoma. He was buried after 16 Dec 1951 in Hillcrest Cemtery, Carter Co., OK. Found listing on Carter Co., OK Genweb page; Hillcrest Cemetery, Carter Co., OK
            Jess J. Spring 1895-1951
            also buried there Jess Jr., Margaret Ruth, Cynthia Jones, and Ruth Spring. Jesse Spring's Choctaw Roll number is 3869, Census card 1400, 5/8 blood.
            *source personal records of Jami Hamilton*
        v.    Simon "Sim" SPRING was born on 18 Jun 1899 in Hugo, Choctaw County, Oklahoma. He died on 10 Apr 1969. He had Social Security Number 440-22-9285. Simeon Spring social security number issued in Oklahoma.
            Last residence: Hugo, Oklahoma Simeon Spring's Choctaw Roll Number was 3870, Census card 1400, 5/8 blood.
            *source personal records of Jami Hamilton*


6. Christopher (Christian) SPRING was born about 1800. He died in Shreveport, LA. Christopher Spring is listed on the 1830 Choctaw Armsrtong Roll as a white man with 20 acres in cultivation, 4 members in family, 4 males over the age of 16. One white person listed in his household and he is listed as living near Ashshukwa and is a blacksmith. Total land owned was 320 acres and land was tolerable.
Under a seperate listing at this time of the Armstrong roll, Christian Spring is listed on a list of claims under the treaty of Mingo Mushshulatubbee's district, it says number of acres 20, number of acres allowed 320, persons that have relinquished- remarks - sold to B. W. Kirkny (white man).
He went to the Choctaw Nation East in 1833.
A Nicholas Spring is listed with taxable property in Madison Co., MS Territory, dated July 19, 1810.

From Who Was Who Among the Southern Indians, A Genealogical Notebook, 1698-1907 by Don Martini, Falkner Miss.
Spring, Christian - white resident among the Choctaws, was a blacksmith at Ashuckwa in Moshulatubbe's District in 1831, his household consisted of four persons, including four males over 16. He was allowed 320 acres by the 1830 Dancing Rabit Treaty, and was given the W1/2 S15 T14 R15E as a reserve, which he sold. (Choctaw Reserves, OIA, roll 189, frame 951.
He was listed on the 1830 Simpson County, Mississippi, census as being 30-40 years old:

7. Susan BOHANAN was born on 12 May 1809. She died on 13 Jan 1885 in Choctaw Nation West, Indian Territory. She was buried in Spring Private Cemetery, 1/4 mile beyond Mount Olivet Cemetery, Hugo, Choctaw Co. OK. Susan was 1/2 Choctaw and supposedly the grand daughter of a Choctaw chief. Christopher (Christian) SPRING and Susan BOHANAN had the following children:

        i.    Capt. John SPRING was born on 30 Apr 1826 in Mississippi. He died on 8 Dec 1863. He was educated in Choctaw Academy, Kentucky. John and Sallie Spring owned a general merchandise store at the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861. They buried their groceries in the woods and hid the other merchandise in the house. Each week Mrs. Spring dug up a supply of groceries. Not any of her neighbors had coffee, so they formed a habit of gathering at her home to enjoy coffee, which she always served. Social activities were few during the war and these visits from her neighbors became a form of good entertainment. The northern soldiers came to the vicinity and one afternoon they entered her home and began to destroy the merchandise, which she had stored away. Mrs. Spring went to the Captain and asked him not to destroy her things. He then asked her permission to rob one of the beehives that stood near the house. She gave him her consent to do so and the soldiers robbed a hive, but the Captain paid her $5.00 for the honey. He later returned, asking that bread be cooked for his supper. The soldiers also wanted bread for their supper. They came into the kitchen and took the bread from the fireplace before it had finished baking. The captain was told of this, and at his orders, the men again left the house. This group of soldiers often came to the house while they were stationed near, but were always courteous in the treatment of Mrs. Spring, her four children, and even the slaves.
            ** source "The First 300 Years" by Inez Morre Von Derau, 1981.**

        ii.    William M. SPRING was born on 14 Apr 1832 in Mississippi. He appeared on the census in 1885 in Kiamichi County, Choctaw Nation. William Spring Sr. is listed on the 1885 Choctaw census, Kiamitia Co. Pushmataha District.
            PAGE 27.
    527. William Spring, Sr. age 53, 1 male, 1 Indian, farmer, 100 acres cultivated, 75 horses, 600 cattle, 16 sheep, 10 hogs, 150 bushels of corn.
    528. Jane Spring, age 53, 1 female, 1 Indian.
    529. Basil Spring, age 16, 1 male, 1 Indian.
    530. Sophia Spring, age 11, 1 female, 1 Indian.
    531. Annan Spring, age 8, 1 female, 1 Indian. He died on 26 Sep 1906 in Near Goodland, OK. Choctaw Roll number 3854, census card 1398, 1/4 blood.

William Spring enlisted with Captain Maytubby on 2 September, 1864 at Goodland C.N.
His enlistment number was 51862181. He was in the Civil War for 3 years as a Private in the 1st Choctaw and Chickasaw Mounted Rifles.
** Information extracted from the National Archives on 4 October, 1995, by Jami Hamilton.**
According to the book "Smoke Signals From Indian Territory" by Frances Imon, The Doaksville Masonic Lodge met at seven different places in its walk through Oklahoma Masonry. The first known meeting place was in the church at Doaksville, the same church where fire destroyed the hall and lodge during the effects of the War Between the States. In 1880, records show, the meetings were transfered to a room built for that purpose on the William Spring place. Location is not made clear in the Masonic records, nor is there an accounting of where the members met in the period between the fire and the move to the Spring's place. Seven years later the Masons built a combination Church, school and lodge hall, or room, at a point they called Spring's Chapel southeast of Hugo. The lodge continued to meet there until William Spring built a store at Goodland. Doaksville Masons and the Knights of Pythias then jointly built a lodge hall over his store, the Blue Lodge having its first meeting there in June, 1895

From an interview with Hazel B. Green, field worker, May 18, 1937.
WPA Interviews, #5870.
Exactly two blocks south of the the south end of Eight Street, of the city of Hugo, is the family cemetery of the Springs. W. M., or Uncle Billy Spring, settled that place probably about 1850. He built the usual hewn log house, the kind most commonly seen here in that day and time: two rooms divided by a wide hall, porch across the frond and boxed side rooms. Uncle Billy was nearly if not all white; he might have been a little bit Indian (Choctaw). He and his wife, Jane, a fullblood Choctaw Indian, were both born in 1832, and from what various members of the family can recall they were married about 1850. It was customary here in those days to bury the dead in a corner of the yard. The first to go was an infant son, born June 15th, 1859, and died July 15th, 1859. (Note that he was born on the 27th birthday of his mother).
Altogether they had about fourteen children. (This mother was an epileptic).
About 1872, Uncle Billy Spring decided to build a new house for his large family. He selected a spot about one hundred and fifty yards east from the old house. He built what was, for those days, a very fine house. It was a frame house; one story; in the shape of a T. There were two sixteen by sixteen foot front rooms seperated by a ten by sixteen foot hall, with a porch all across the front, which faces the west. The hall door was pretty "nifty" for those days with glass panels on each side and above the door. There were fancy curlicues of wood on each side of the fancy porch posts.
Immediately back of each front rooms are ten by thirteen foot side rooms. The hall opens into sixteen by eighteen foot dining room, then back of it is a sixteen by fourteen foot kitchen and along each side of this kitchen and dining room are porches, on the north and south sides, with large slabs of stone that looks like granite but has some shell formation in it. A walk leads from the south steps to the smokehouse; it is of flat brown stones and there is a walk to the well, which is a masterpiece of masonry. The inside of this well all the way down is walled with sandstone, or what appears to be sandstone, a foot or so thick and hewn or sawed out in circular form as is also the slab of granite like rock that covers the entire top of the well of soft water and a round hole two feet in diameter is cut in this slab.
The foundation of the house and the chimneys at each end of the house are also of this hewn stone.
The three granite like front steps also are hewn. They are about six feet ling and the bottom one is about seven feet and is rounded at the ends. The flat sandstone rocks in the walk to the gate are immense: at the gate another granite step lets on down to the sandstone paving outside the stone wall that serves as a front fence. The wall varies in height, according to the ground, but is three to five feet high all along the front of that stone wall, a distance of about one hundred feet. The paving has extended all along, but some stones have been moved away. That wall is also of hewn rocks, some sandstone and some like granite, blue granite, cemented together. The saddle house is still standing and it and the horse lot are surrounded by and ancient looking rail worm fence. In the early days of this country every well equipped ranch or farm had its saddle house. Soon after the new house was built Uncle Billy had a gin put up where the old house stood, and this old house was moved away to another part of the plantation. The old boiler of the gin is still lying on the old house place.
One Choteau, a Frenchman, who drifted in here did that stone work. What machinery, if any, was used is not known by anyone of the family now living.
Uncle Billy had a blacksmith shop, always, on the place and the old base rock of the forge is still out in the field.
He had about five different store buildings from time to time, on the place, only one at a time but he would get tired of the locatin or want a new building, so would just put up another log cabin for a store. The saddle house is of boxing plank but the older ones are of logs. All nails used in buildings on the place are of the old square variety. The sills of the house are all of hewn oak logs, but are pretty well rotted out. The house is nearly fallen down, but people live in it now.
The Aetna Life Insurance Company owns the home place, but the Spring family owns one acre upon which the cemetery is now. The cemetery itself is small, aproximately fifty graves, crowded close together. No doubt the fence will be extended as needed. There are four rows of graves and five off down a sort of lane extending from the southeast corner of the plot.
In the Spring family cemetery it is very noticeable that the Mother's name is usually omitted from the epitaphs. For instance-- a number of graves are marked simply--- im memory of son or daughter of W. M. Spring. Not, son or daughter of W. M. and Jane Spring. Notice, too, that two daughters of theirs died the summer of 1869.
Nannie and Harriet Self were sisters and married Bazil and Willie Spring, brothers. Harried now lives at Bethany.
Dr. W. D. Kendrick did have a tombstone, but no one seems to know what became of it. His widow, Patsy, lives one mile south of the old place where she was born. And the house stood right beside what is now the cemetery, when she was born. She is the only one of W. M. Spring's children that is left.
Walter Self was crossing the railroad track at Goodland, Indian Territory, June 29, 1901, when a train struck and killed him instantly.

    4    iii.    Levi SPRING.
        iv.    Joel Samuel SPRING was born in 1845. Joseph Spring enlisted in the Confederacy on 2 September, 1864 in Goodland, C.N.
            He served 3 years as a Private with Captain Maytubby's 1st Choctaw and Chickasaw Mounted Rifles. His enrollment number was 51862182.
        v.    Thomas SPRING was born about 1850. He appeared on the census in 1885 in Kiamichi County, Choctaw Nation. Thomas Spring is listed as living in Kiamitia Co., age 35 on the 1885 Choctaw Nation Census, Pushmataha District.
            PAGE 43.
    843. Thomas Spring age 35, 1 male, 1 Indian, Farmer, 12 acres cultivated, 10 horses, 6 cattle, 30 hogs, 1 Bale of Cotton, 80 bushels of corn.
    844. Melissie Spring age 30, 1 female, one Indian.
    845. Josephine Spring age 9, 1 female, one Indian.
    846. Rosana Spring age 6, 1 female, one indian. He appeared on the census in 1896 in Kiamichi County, Choctaw Nation. Thomas Spring is listed on the 1896 Choctaw Census, in Kiamitia Co., as age 48, wife Melissa age 48, children Rosey age 17, Walter age 15. He died on 1 Jan 1902. Thomas Spring's Choctaw Roll number might be 4157, although he was removed from the rolls. * source personal records of Jami Hamilton*
        vi.    James Oliver SPRING was born on 7 Oct 1854 in Goodland, Choctaw Co., Indian Territory. He appeared on the census in 1885 in Choctaw Nation, West, Pushmataha District. PAGE 44-45.
    878. James Spring age 33, 1 male, 1 Indian, Farmer, 48 acres cultivated, 11 horses, 35 cattle, 75 hogs, 12 bales of cotton, 30 bushels of corn, 80 bushels of oats.
    879. Mary Spring age 32, 1 female, 1 Indian.
    880. Francis Spring age 12, 1 female, 1 Indian.
    881. Joseph Spring age 10, 1 male, 1 Indian.
    882. Betsy Lee Spring age 7, 1 female, 1 Indian.
    883. James Franklin Spring age 4, 1 female, 1 Indian.
    884. Zenoworth Spring 3 mo. 1 indian. He died on 2 Dec 1888. From Who Was Who Among the Southern Indians:: Spring, James O. - Choctaw, voted at Clear Springs in Kiamitia County in 1883. He married Miss Mary (Roebuck) Crowder (born 1853) and was the father of James F. (born 1881, lived at Hugo, 1905) and Zena Spring. After James died, Mary moved to Jackson County. Mary was also the mother of Mary M. and John J. Crowder.
James O. was a brother to Lucinda (died at Stanley's Station), William, Levi, Tom, Joe, Louis, John and Ham Springs (1), and was a first cousin to Wesley Anderson (born 1850). Samuel B. Spring (born 1874; lived at Hugo, 1906) was a first cousin to James F. Spring (2).
(1) Applications for Enrollment, Choctaw Nation, Case 1420.
(2) Ibid. Case 1432.
        vii.    Lewis SPRING.
        viii.    Sampson SPRING.
        ix.    Tony SPRING.
        x.    Lucinda SPRING was born about 1826. She died in Stanley Station, Choctaw Nation. Affidavit of Mary Roebuck Spring Crowder.. In an affidavit found by Sandra Riley of Mary Crowder, age 50, who is the widow of James Springs, she states: "Lucinda Spring was a member of the Choctaw Tribe of Indians, who was a sister of Wm. Spring, Tom Spring, Joe Spring, Loui Spring, John Srping, and Sam Spring: and she died near Stanley Station Choctaw Nation some years ago....."
        xi.    Judith SPRING.
        xii.    Elizabeth "Isabel" SPRING died in 1869.

6. William BOATMAN was born in 1815. William was full blood Choctaw. He was married to Sallie.

7. Sallie was born in 1819. Sallie was full blood Choctaw.
On the 1885 Kimitia County, I.T. Census is listed Sylie Boardman, age 60, Indian, head of house, 10 acres in cultivation, 16 horses, 25 cattle, 35 sheep, 35 bales of cotton, 100 bushels of corn. Also living with her are: Simon Boardman, age 28, Indian, Sibby Boardman, age 30, Indian female, Samuel Boardman, age 1, male. Also living in the household is Ella Spring. William BOATMAN and Sallie had the following children:

    3    i.    Sophia BOATMAN.
        ii.    Simon BOATMAN was born about 1855. From information received from the Choctaw enrollment and file from the National Archives, Simon Boatman age 44, full blood, County of residence Kiamitia, No. 1434, name of father - William Boatman , dead, county Towson, name of mother - Sallie Boatman, dead, county Kiamitia.
            May 8, 1903 - Simon Boatman was entitled to an allotment of the lands of Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations equal in value to $1041.28.
            Simon, his wife Sibbie and Isabel Walters were involved in a land dispute with John Stewart. on Dec. 9, 1904 the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes Chickasaw Land Office, Chickasaw Allotment Contest No. 500, 501, and 502, rendered its decision in the case for the disputed property to remain as part of the claimants allotment.
            On Aug. 20, 1903, Simon was given power of attorney over his uncle Abraham Boatman's affairs.


10. William BOHANAN Sr. was born about 1780. He died after 1832. He served in the military War of 1812 in Mississippi. From information obtained from National Archives for William Bohannon's military records for the War of 1812: His rank was Pack Horse Master on a Muster Roll of the Field and Staff of a Detachment of the Choctaws under command of Col. John McKee's on an expedition to Black Warrior, agains the Creeks; Commencement of services Jan 1, 1814, Expiration of service Feb 4, 1814; he is also listed on a Roll of Captain David Choate's Company to Black Warrior with Col. McKee during same time period.
According to sources I have been able to find there was a battle at Econochaca Creek Jan 24, 1814, and a battle at Camp Defiance on Jan 27, 1814.
It is possible he that fought in other battles but was not listed on a muster roll or the rolls was lost. Records were not meticulously kept for the Indian units.

"Removal of the Choctaw Indians" by Arthur H. DeRosier published by Harper & Row Paperback The Choctaws were incensed by the Creek War. Pushmatah offered the military might of the Choctaw nation to the American Govt. John McKee forwarded the good news to Gen Ferdinand Clairborne, who was organizing a force to march against the Creeks. Gen Claiborne entered the Choctaw nation on Nov 9, 1813 For a full week he and Pushmataha worked out military strategy for a campaign against the Creeks. They headed east, crossing the Alabama River on Nov 17. About 700 Choctaws fought with Claiborne in Alabama during the months of Dec. and Jan. All were ill-fed and ill-clothed and only about 50 were armed with effective weapons. Despite these handicaps, Pushmataha led his warriors to two decisive victories over the Creeks on the Black Warrior River. The Library of Congress and the Manuscripts collection at the Univ of North Carolina contain correspondence of Colonel John McKee.
William Bohanan Sr. came from the Mosholetubbe District in Mississippi,
16 Dec. 1832. He came to Agency Depot, Indian Territory. He had no roll
number. It is not know who his wife was, but she must have been 4/4
Choctaw. It is not known when he was born or when he died, or where he is
buried. William Bohanan Sr. was 4/4 white.
One source says William Bohanan Sr. was a Presbyterian Minister in MS, who married the daughter of a Choctaw Chief. It is also said that he had at least one other daughter who married a Pusley.**Source Oletha Bohanan White****

A William Bohanan is listed as Choctaw Indian on the list of soldiers in the War of 1812. He is listed in McKee's Company and is listed as a pack horse master. This has to be my William Bohanan Sr. or very slim possibility that it is his father.

William Bohannon is listed on the 1830 Choctaw Armstrong Roll as a white man with 16 acres in cultivation, with 10 members of his family,3 males over the age of 16, 3 males or females under the age of 10. He is listed with 1 white. Locality of farm is Ashshukwa, 160 acres of poor land. William BOHANAN Sr. had the following children:

        i.    Silas BOHANAN was born about 1800 in Choctaw Nation, East, Mississippi. Silas Bohannon is listed in the 1830 Armstrong Roll, as a Choctaw owning a farm of 6 acres, 4 in his family, 1 male over age of 16, 1 male or female under the age of 10, the locality of his farm is listed as Noshechia Creek and the land was good. He is also listed as being allowed 80 acres under a list of claims allowed under the treaty of Mingo Mushshulatubbee's district, he only owned 6.
        ii.    John BOHANAN was born in 1801.
        iii.    Mary BOHANAN was born about 1803.
    5    iv.    Susan BOHANAN.
        v.    William J. BOHANAN Jr. was born about 1810.
            William J. Bohanan Jr. came from Mosholetubbe District, in Mississippi in
            1832. He came to Cavinole Depot, Indian Territory. He was Captain of the party.
            Along with him were John Anderson, David Anderson and Joseph Anderson and
            William J. did not have a roll number . He was 1/2 Choctaw. He was
            probably dead before the 1855 census was made.
            **** Source Oletha Bohanan White****
            William Bohanon brought 8 males, 14 females, 15 children, 3 slaves, in
            his group from Mississippi. There were 2 births and 7 deaths on their
            journey to Indian Territory. Thus a total of 40 persons altogether.
            ****** Muster roll of Choctaws. This was the second emigration to Cavinole Depot.

            William Bohannon Jr. is listed as on the 1830 Choctaw Armstrong Roll as Choctaw Indian with 12 acres in cultivation, 4 members of family, 1 male over the age of 16, 2 males or females under the age of 10. His name is listed directly under William Bohannon and he also resides in Ashshukwa and it says he is the son of above. He owned 160 acres of poor land.

            From Who Was Who Among the Southern Indians:
            Bohannon, William Jr. - Choctaw, was the son of William Bohannon. He also lived on Ashuckwa Creek in 1831, his household consisting of four persons, including one male over 16 and two children under 16. He was allowed 160 acres by the 1830 treaty, receiving either part of S24 T14 R14E or the NW1/4 S19 T14 R15E (one was his father's reserve)
            In 1839 he was acting as interpreter for speculator Hiram Carver (Choctaw Reserves, OIA, roll 189, frames 946, 951; also roll 191, frame 287, 316).

        vi.    Joshua BOHANAN was born on 24 Aug 1819 in Choctaw Nation, East, Mississippi. He appeared on the census in 1885 in Choctaw Nation, West, Pushmataha District. PAGE 43
    848. Joshua Bohanan age 66, 1 male, 1 Indian, 26 acres under cultivation, 5 horses, 30 hogs, 1 bale of cotton, 80 bushels of corn.
    849. Serana Bohanan age 27, 1 female, 1 Indian.
    850. Harmond Bohanan age 17, 1 male 1 Indian.
    851. Thomas bohanan age 12, 1 male, 1 Indian.
    852. William Bohanan age 10, 1 male, 1 Indian.
    853. Mary Ann Bohanan age 9, 1 female, 1 Indian.
    854. Emma Bohanan age 8, 1 female, 1 Indian.
    855. James Bohanan age 7, 1 male, 1 Indian.
    856. Susan Bohanan age 4, 1 male, 1 Indian.
    857. Basil Bohanan age 4mos., 1 male, 1 Indian. He died on 24 Nov 1891 in Choctaw Nation, West. He was buried in Spring Chapel Cemetery, Hugo OK.


13. IYOKKLE. Iyyokle is pronounced "eye-yoo-klee" and means beautiful. HOPIYE EMATAHA and IYOKKLE had the following children:

    6    i.    William BOATMAN.
        ii.    Abraham BOATMAN was born in 1820 in Choctaw Nation, East, Mississippi. He appeared on the census in 1885 in Kiamichi County, Choctaw Nation. Abram Boardman, age 62, Indian, 10 acres in cultivation, 2 horses, 20 cattle, 30 hogs, 1 bale of cotton, 15 bushels of wheat. Vicey Boardman, age 52, female. From information on Abraham Boatman's Choctaw Enrollment Card, Dawes #4687, application # 1660; Abraham age 76, full blood, year 1896, county - Kiamitia, name of father - Ho pi ye e ma taha, dead of Towson Co., name of mother - I yok kle, dead of Towson Co.
            Notation on bottom of application states No. 1- Abraham Boatman on 1896 roll as Abram Boardman.

            From the National Archives copy of Card 7-1660, Choctaw Reference 4687
            Know all men by these presents: that I Abram Boatman, residing in the Choctaw Nation, near the town of Grant, in said Nation, and Territory, being a Choctaw Indian by blood, and being very aged and decrepit, being now over eighty two years of age, and not being able to attend the Land Office in person, hereby constitute and appoint for me and my name, my nephew Simon Boatman to act as my attorney in fact, and I hereby authorize him to appear at any Land Office in the Chotaw or Chickasaw Nations, Indian Territory, and select for me, and file on lands as my allotment, and to sign my name whatever is required and necessary in locating and filing on my said allotment; and I hereby ratify and approve whatever is lawfully done in my name as aforesaid.
            In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand this the 20th day of August, 1903.
            Witness: his
            C. C. Ervin Abram X Boatman
            Chas. W. Walters mark

            Indian Territory
            Central District
            Be it known that on this the 20th day of August, 1903, personally came and appeared Abram Boatman, to me personally well known to be the person who signed the above and foregoin power of attorney, and after having the same fully explained to him, and being acquainted with the contents of said power of attorney, acknowleded to me that he had signed the same for the purposes and considerations therein mentioned and set forth.
            Witness my hand and seal of office on the day and year above written.
            J. P. Moreland

Prepared by:
Jami Hamilton
548 E. 150 Rd.
Overbrook, KS 66524
(785) 665-3302
[email protected]

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Copyright 1999
Jami Hamilton