New Boston, Hillsborough, New Hampshire

USGenWeb Project

Hillsborough County
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New Hampshire
click to visit the state page
State Flower - Lilac
Founded 1763

Welcome to New Boston!These webpages center around the beautiful little New England town of New Boston, NH. The town is located in the county of Hillsborough. Here you can learn something about the town history, and the people who formed and built this lovely town. From this site you can find helpful links and interesting data. By clicking on the many New Hampshire related links, this may help you locate more information on your New Boston ancestors. I hope you will bookmark this page, and return often, for I hope to add more data and history to this site when possible. Although I cannot do "look-ups" or family research on your New Boston ancestors, if you would like to submit your own New Boston ancestor surnames, please write to me at [email protected]. I will post these names and your E-mail address so that others may correspond with you. Other webpages connected to the USGenWeb Hillsborough project can be found by clicking here on PAGE 1 (the old NHGenWebsite), PAGE 2 (the new NHGenWebsite) or PAGE 3 (queries).

New Boston, NHMy name is Janice Mauldin Castleman and my husband, Al, and I live in Texas. In the Fall of 1988, my husband and I visited New England as first time "leaf peepers". We were not disappointed in all the glorious colors, quaint old towns, delicious fresh apple cider, and friendly people we found there. Since I had ancestors who had lived in New Boston, NH from the 1760s through the 1850s, I wanted to make sure that New Boston would be represented in the wonderful USGenWeb project by having it's own page. In April 1999, I volunteered to be the host of this webpage. Hopefully, you will find something to help you by checking the cemetery page, the census page, New Boston History page, or some of the many links here. You can also visit my Family Tree Maker homepage which has many New Boston, NH names. Click on the report for John COCHRAN to view this file. Please help me make this New Boston website grow by adding your family names or webpage links (related to New Boston families), and any New Boston material you think would be of interest or helpful to others.

During our visit to New Boston, NH, we copied some information from the New Boston, NH Cemetery. It is not a complete listing, but click here to view the data we do have posted. Can you add names and dates from this cemetery? If so, please send me that information and I will gladly add it to the cemetery page.

Fly Like an Eagle

Map of NH
For a larger version (1494K) of this 1895 New Hampshire map, click on the map.


Pauline Austin: AUSTIN
Christine Baker: McLAUGHLIN
Ron Beard: BEARD
Robert Greeley Brown, Jr.: BROWN, JONES, ABBOTT, and DIAMOND
Mike Damm: TOWLE
Linda Wason-Ellam: WASON
Victor Faughnan: HUNT
Jackie Felix: MCCOLLOM
David A. Hagar : McLAUGHLIN
Marilyn Henderson : *McLAUGHLIN
April King: SPILLER
Doug Noble: McNEIL
Gordon Kirkemo: DODGE, TENNEY, and VARNEY
Lisa Pazda: McLAUGHLIN
Rae Randall Pelletier: BUTTERFIELD and TOWER
Tricia Thompson: MILLEN and McMILLEN
Bruce & Jon Wallace: BARTLETT and WALLACE
Waynne Warren: WARREN
Priscilla Wilson: DODGE and KENDALL
Sandra Zepka: BLAKE and SMALL

State butterfly - Karner Blue Please send your surnames in today!
*Click on underlined names for E-mail & click
on names with * for interesting data sent by the surname contributor.


Some History from GAZETTEER of the State of NEW HAMPSHIRE
Compiled from the Best Authorities by
Eliphalet Merrill & the late Phinehas Merrill, Esq.,

Printed by C. Norris & Co., for the Authors - 1817

Page 17:

  • WILD ANIMALS - The wolf has been very common and noxious in the new settlements. A bounty of 20 dollars is paid for its head. The bear has been one of the most troublesome animals of our forests. In the months of August and September, he makes great havoc in the fields of indian corn in the new settlements. There is the wolverine and wild cat, and the other animals common to New England.
  • Page 41:

  • MILITARY STRENGTH - The militia of New Hampshire is composed of every able bodied, white male citizen resident therein, between the ages of 18 and 45 years, except those exempted by law, among whom are persons exempted on the ground of religious scruples relating to war.
  • According to the annual return of the adjutant-general in 1814, the enrolled infantry amounted to 22,654-the artillery to 1,476-the cavalry to 2,179, total 26,309. There were also 34 peices of brass ordnance.
  • Page 50-62:

  • HISTORY - This territory was discovered in 1614, by Capt. John SMITH, and received its name, New Hampshire, from Capt. MASON, the original patentee.
  • 1624 - In March of this year, Mr. Edward WINSLOW arrived at Plymouth in New England. He conveyed with him in his ship three heifers and a bull, which were the first cattle ever brought into this country.
  • 1629 - Some of the planters who were scattered over Massachusetts, wishing to settle the neighborhood of the Piscataqua, using the example of those at Plymouth, who had purchased their lands from the Indians (as they conscientiously thought necessary to give them just title), procured a general assembly of the Indians at Swamscot Falls (now Exeter) where a deed was obtained from four Sycamore Indians.
  • 1631 - The plantation of New Hampshire was divided into two parts with Capt. Thomas WIGGIN appointed agent for the upper and Capt. Walter NEAL for the lower. A house this year was erected at Strawberry Bank, called the Great House.
  • 1638 - The year of the great earthquake - June 2nd. Its approach was announced by a low rumbling noise, similar to that of distant thunder. Its passage was from the northward to the eastward. As the sound increased, the earth began to shake so violently as to drive people from the houses, nor could they stand without supporting themselves by posts and fences. About half an hour after this, another shock commenced, was not so violent as the first, which was felt even a great distance at sea.-
  • 1641 - All the New Hampshire settlements by a voluntary act submitted to Massachusetts and were comprehended in the county of Norfolk, which extended from the Merrimack to the Piscataqua. This union lasted many years.
  • 1675 - In September of this year the Indians made their first predatory incursion against New Hampshire. They attacked the plantations on Riscataqua river, now constituting Durham, and here killed two men. The hositility continued till the year 1678, when a treaty was made with Squando and other chiefs at Durham.
  • 1689 - The war with the French and Indians returned this year with all its horrors. The war continued until 1693.
  • 1702 - There were at this period, seven incorporated towns in New Hampshire (still part of Mass.), and four ordained ministers. The inhabitants in New Hampshire were 10,000 white persons.
  • 1703 - The French and Indian War (commonly called Queen Anne's War) now commenced in New England. Settlements from Casco to Wells were attacked, many were killed, homes burned, settlements ravaged. The war raged for several years, with 1712 seeing many cruelties from the Indians.
  • 1713 - Peace was now made between the colonies and the Indians, ratified on the 15th of July. Queen Anne died and George 1st was crowned. During the Indian hostilities, which were called King Phillips's War, and which continued from 1675 to 1714, Massachusetts and New hampshire lost 6000 young men and male children, including the killed and those who were made captive, without ever being recovered.
  • 1717 - The greatest snow ever known in New England fell in the latter part of April of this year. It was so deep, that people were obliged to walk from their chamber windows. It was said to be eight feet on a level, and has ever since been called the great snow.
  • 1722 - A declaration of war against all the hostile tribes of Indians was published at Portsmouth and Boston, and a bounty of 100 pounds was offered for every Indian scalp. This, which was called Lovell's war, was bloody and distressing, and continued until Dec. 15, 1725, at which time articles of peace were signed at Falmouth.
  • 1727 - In these peaceful times, more violent earthquakes commenced on the 29th of October.
  • 1734 - On this year New Hampshire was erected into a separate government. Boundary lines were run and established, but all disputes on this subject were not finally adjusted until 1741.
  • 1735 - During this year New England was visited by a destructive and very extensive epidemic, called the throat-distemper. The throat swelled, white or ash colored specks appeared in the feces, and an efflorescence on the skin, accompanied by a general debility and a strong tendency to putridity. Many people died from this ailment. In the province of New Hampshire alone, which had only fifteen towns, it carried off 1000 people, of whom 900 were children under the age of 21.
  • 1745-1755 - More war with the French and more earthquakes.
  • 1760 - This year New Hampshire raised 800 men and placed them under the command of Col. John GOFF. This regiment marched to Montreal, where they were reinforced by Col. HAVILAND. With this year the war ended, and George 3rd was now proclaimed King of England.
  • 1761 - About 60 townships were laid out during this and the last year, some on the east and some on the west side of the Connecticut river. This year and the year after were remarkable for severe droughts.

  • Page 165:

  • New Boston, in Hillsborough county, was incorporated in 1763, and contained by the last census, a population of 1,810 souls. It is bounded N. by Weare, E. by Goffstown and Bedford, S. by Amherst and Mount-Vernon, and W. by Lyndeborough, comprising an area of 26,538 acres.
  • Several branches of Piscataquog river flow through its SW extremity into Goffstown, and thro' its SE part the 2d NH turnpike has its course. There is here a baptist and a presbyterian meeting-house, 7 school-houses, several mills, and a wire-factory incorportated in 1812. Rev. Solomon MOORE was settled in New Boston in 1768, died in 1803, and was succeeded in 1806 by the Rev. E. P. BRADFORD the present pastor. Elder J. STONE was ordained over the baptist church in 1806, and is still in office.
  • More history will be added here soon.

    White Birch - State Tree

    Selected information from
    HISTORY OF FRANCESTOWN, from its Earliest Settlement, 1758-1891
    written by W.R. Cochrane & G.K. Wood -1895.

    Also selections from Elliott C. Cogswell's History of New Boston, New Hampshire: 1736-1863

    Except where quotations are marked, nothing from these books is copied directly. This information pertaining to New Boston is entered here in hopes that many of you will find your ancestor mentioned, or maybe you will just learn more about the area where your New Boston family lived in the mid 1760s. Francestown (part of the New Addition) is almost 13 miles WNW of New Boston, New Hampshire.

    The original grant for the land (1736) which was to become the Town of New Boston came from the State of Massachusetts and included a tract "of the contents of six miles square, with a thousand acres added for ponds that lye within the S Township". This included "two rods in each hundred for uneavenness of Land and Swagg of Chain." The Masonian Proprietors, on 24 Dec 1752 wrote a deed for the tract of land called New Boston. An "addition" (now Francestown), the Masonians reserved "one fourth part for quantity and quality, of the lands by this grant added within the bounds of that called New Boston, as formerly laid out; the said grantor's parts to be divided, lotted and coupled, and drawn for with the grantees, so as for the grantees to have one full quarter-part as aforesaid." This land included "fine lands and rich meadows". Several leading settlers in New Boston had "lots assigned to them in the 'New Addition' for various services. The New Boston Proprietors on 28 Apr 1767 "voted Thomas COCHRAN, James CALDWELL and Robert MOOR 100 acres each in the New Addition".

    At the first New Boston town meeting, 10 Mar 1763, John CARSON of the Addition was chosen one of the selectmen. David LEWIS of the Addition was named Selectman several times. John CARSON was chairman of the town's committee to "Looke for a miniester or miniesters in order that we may have Some preaching." Thomas QUIGLEY of the Addition was chairman of a committee to ask Rev. Solomon MOOR to come to New Boston to preach the gospel. Thomas COCHRAN was called on 20 Nov 1758 to gather the settlers for a meeting to fix the "Most Proper & Convenient Place Near the Centure of the Town (According to the Old Limetts) to build a House for Publick Worship."

    From the first census, dated September 25, 1756, we find that one saw and grist mill with a dam had been completed. Built on the Middle Branch of the Piscataquog River, the mill and dam was reported to be the first mills built in New Boston. The contractor, Joseph WRIGHT of Boston, was paid 300 pounds. He completed his work in 1740. In 1741, the mills were sold to Zackariah EMERY.

    By 1751, the second mill was built - WALKER's mill (also known as TUCKER's mill). The owners had an agreement with WALKER that he should have the right to flow, for seven years, the lowlands farther up stream so as to provide a supply of water during the dry season, and they would provide the mill-irons. WALKER prefered to sell to outsiders so that he could make more profit, thus he became very unpopular with the townspeople. Many nearby settlers from other towns used the mills to saw their boards and grind their grain.

    Also on the Middle Branch, Leslie GREGG, prior to 1770, built a saw and grist mill. The GREGG family built many mills through the years. Joseph and Daniel GREGG built one mill at what was known as Clyde HEATH's place. Near Howard WOODBURY's place, John H. GREGG built another mill, and at the bridge near Harold TODD's land was located John GREGG's mill and dam.

    On Cochran Brook, your webmaster's ancestor, Deacon Thomas COCHRAN built a corn mill. During the first town meeting in 1763, Deacon Thomas COCHRAN was voted pound master for the town. Also at an early date, Deacon CHRISTY (I believe this was George CHRISTY whose son Jesse married Mary Ann COCHRAN), built a saw mill which burned in 1808. By the 1820 census, New Boston had 25 sawmills.

    Click here for the 1756, 1776 and 1790 New Boston census!
    Click here for more history and a roster of Revolutionary soldiers from New Boston
    Corrections/additions are welcome - please send E-mail if you add more to add here.

    New Hampshire BOOKS We Wished We Owned
      George W. Browne's The History of Hillsborough, New Hampshire, 1735-1921, published 1885.
      Vol.1, History and Description
      1921; Vol.2, Biography and Genealogy 1922
      Read my synopsis on the section entitled "History of New Boston" - click here!

      Elliott C. Cogswell's History of New Boston, New Hampshire: 1736-1863
      Boston Press of George C. Rand & Avery, 1864.
      Click here to read his chapter on Casualties, Suicides, etc
      And don't forget to search for on-line books at
      D. Hamilton Hurd's History of Hillsborough County, New Hampshire printed 1885.

      Ezra S. Stern's Genealogy and Family History of the State of New Hampshire
      Vol. IV, William F. Whitcher, and Edward E. Parker, NY Lewis Publishing Co. 1908

    White Birch - State Tree

    New Boston Area Links

    Colburn Cemetery Page
    Dartmouth College Special Collections
    Maine State Library
    Local NH History
    Museum of New Hampshire History
    New Hampshire Bureau of Vital Records
    • 6 Hazen Drive
    • Concord N.H. 03301
    • Phone: (603) 271-4651
    New Hampshire Genealogy USGenWeb
    New Hampshire Historical Society
    NH Division of Records Management & Archives
    New Hampshire State Library
    Strawberry Banke Museum - Thayer Cumings Library and Archives
    Town Of New Boston Whipple Free Library
    • Main Street, zip code 03070
    • phone 603-487-3391
    Univ. of NH Archives Server
    Cape Ann Association USGenWeb - Neighboring Counties
    Vital Records on-line for Hillsborough
    Welcome to New Boston - the official Website
    WMUR - TV Channel 9

    In addition to the above links, you should consider joining some of the wonderful ROOTS-L mailing lists. There is one for Hillsborough County. Send E-mail to [email protected] and in the body of the message type in one word - subscribe. You will then be able to receive or send messages to this mailing group. If you prefer, you can receive these group mailings in digest form simply by sending E-mail with this address instead: [email protected], with the word "subscribe" in the body of the message. You can also view the old archived messages to see if anyone has already addressed the subject in which you are interested. Click here to visit ROOTS-L Archive Messages. Once at this site, be sure you enter exactly (use the proper case) the name of the mailing list you wish to view; example: NHHILLSB will pull up all the messages entered by a word of your choice.

    Here are a few other helpful URLs which might help you locate your New England ancestors:

    NEW BOSTON Cemetery
    1756, 1776, and 1790 Census
    More History & Rev. War Rosters
    Cogswell's Casualties, Suicides, Etc

    E-mail Me

    Click here to visit the Hillsborough County webpage hosted by Ann Mensch

    State Insect - LadybugCreated April 20, 1999. Updated Aug. 3, 2009 - Check back frequently for updates!

    Copyright©1999-2009 Janice Mauldin Castleman

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