RECORDS OF THE KILBURN NAME from MEDEIVALYORK

RECORDS OF THE KILBURN NAME from MEDEIVALYORK

 

The data, which are arranged below in headed columns, were gathered from various printed and manuscript sources such as wills, freemen’s lists, religious records, charters and taxation records. The codes at the end of each row indicate where the information may be found (see below for list of codes). The sign * indicates that the person appears in a document relating primarily to someone else.

 

Where two dates are separated by ‘x’, this indicates that the manuscript cannot be dated accurately. The true date lies between the two extremes.

 

In most instances the original spellings of occupations etc have been retained, with modern equivalents placed alongside in some instances.

 

HISTORICAL NOTES:

The letters ‘De’ after a first name, as most of you will already know, is derived from the French meaning ‘from’ or ‘of’. So “John De Kilburn” should be read as “John coming from or adopting the place of Kilburn as his place of residence”.

 

However, up to the middle of the 13th century, people bearing such surnames cannot be guaranteed as being of the same family or even related to one another, since surnames as such had not been fully adopted up until that time, or even later in some parts of the country. After the mid C13, though, there is a greater degree of certainty that all so named were related to each other.

 

Pay no heed whatever to the different spellings of the name, most of us already know that they were due to the whims of the clerks who wrote them! However, the York archives do show a degree of consistency in regard to spelling the KILBURN name and this is probably because records were kept over a long period in the area. Ironically, it is after the reformation that the greatest number of different spellings occurs, due to the fact that poorer records were kept after the dissolution of the monasteries. However, it is possible that those of the KILBURN spelling are descended from the earliest settlers from around the place of that name in the North Riding, whilst those of a different spelling are not. This is not to say though, that they are not related.

 

Why the place of Kilburn then? Well, the place was there before the family, so it was not named after an individual. There is no mystery as to where they came from, but you do need to have a little knowledge of the development of the (English) Catholic Church, particularly under Norman rule, to arrive at it.

 

Although the name can be traced from about the year 1070, we should skip the next fifty years or so to the time of Stephen, who reigned 1135-1154. Before he became king, Stephen introduced, in 1124, monks from Savigny in his County of Mortain in France to Tulketh in Furness.

 

These monks gradually spread throughout other areas of England, and by 1147, when their order amalgamated with the Cistercians, 13 houses had been set up. One of them was at Byland near Kilburn in what is now North Yorkshire: this happened between 1135 and 1138. Those that settled there would have adopted the name, not of the Abbey, which was often reserved for the Abbot himself, but of the nearest hamlet which was developed to serve the Abbey. So, William, the Wryght de Kilburn might have been descended from an early settler who arrived with the Savigny family of monks from Mortain and worked on the wagon wheels at Byland Abbey and lived in the hamlet of Kilburn. Other family names such as Stanley, Quarr and Neath appear to have been similarly established by 1151, 1132 and 1130 respectively.

 

It was after the amalgamation with the Cistercians or ‘White Monks’ that the (De) KILBURN name would have started to spread throughout the land. If you were to look at a map of the British Isles, showing Cistercian foundations and the houses of the Mendicant Friars between 1124 and 1300 you would be able to spot many of the place-names where the family of Kilburn has subsequently been found. These areas included the West Riding, Wensleydale, Durham and Cambridgeshire. The earliest reference to Kilburn in what is now the West Riding is at Kirkstall after 1147, in Wensleydale from Jervaulx (and the See of Durham) after 1150 and in Cambridgeshire from Sawtry after 1147. These were all Cistercian houses established by the Clairvaux family of monks, taking with them monks and other skilled labourers of the Savigny families of Kilburn. These White Monks and Friars, as they were to become known, also settled in York, where they were to be found until Tudor times and the Dissolution of the Monasteries by Henry VIII.

 

The York Archaeological Society has found the remains and records of many of these earliest Kilburns concentrated in a particular area of York. If a modern map were to be laid over the Tudor map, we would find them in an area to the west of what in Tudor times was called the ‘King’s Fishpond’, south of The Stonebow, east of Fossgate and north of the river Foss. Their churches would have been All Saints, St. Peter the Little and Holy Trinity.

 

The reference to ‘Helewise’ in Sheffield with no accurate date is a point of interest: the actual date is most likely to be close to 1250. That Helewise (quite a popular women’s name in Anglo-Norman times), who came from Kilburn, was probably an Abbess from Byland and the record – available at Sheffield Public Library – refers to the proposed establishment of a School of Higher Learning (University) which, unfortunately, did not at that time materialise. You will also see that other, possibly related Kilburns (some of whom were probably resident in Sheffield) were involved in this proposal, so it can be assumed favourably that many of them were not illiterate.

 

Although the place of York is frequently to be found throughout the archive, it should not be assumed that the individual referred to lived within the City itself unless his occupation suggests this. The Diocese and Episcopal See of York extended over a very large area, as far north as its neighbour Durham. If the event being described had anything to do with the Church – and most did – then the hearing would most likely have been held in York also and the subsequent record kept at York.

 

The named towns, including York, should be read as the earliest established seats or houses of the non-ecclesiastical Kilburns. Therefore, places such as Helmeslay, Thresk, Byssopthorp (where the above-mentioned Wryght was most likely employed by the Bishop himself) Mydelthorp, Southkirkeby, Catton and York (these are the archaic spellings!), are where the researcher should look for KILBURN, spelt as such. At Hyngyne Grymeston, we find the spelling KYLBURNE between 1300 and 1500.

 

Where, in the archive it is stated nojob this should not be read as if they were unemployed, merely that no occupation was recorded as it was not relevant. Where, therefore an occupation was recorded, very often the proceedings relate to the occupation or it was necessary to note it to establish the individuals’ credibility.

 

Stephen Kilburn

July 2001

 

Most of the quoted sources are to be found at the York Minster Library or at the Yorkshire Archaeological Society in Leeds.

 

Codes:

YASRS: Yorkshire Archaeological Society

SS: Publications of the Surtees Society.

SRJ: Medieval Title Deeds for the City of York 1080-1530, Archive 3527, Data Archive, University of Essex. Also described in Sarah Rees-Jones, Database of Medieval title Deeds for the City of York, University of York, Occasional Papers in History, No. 3, 1996.

Dom or Domp: Title given to a member of the clergy or Monk of the Roman Catholic Church, not necessarily their given name at birth.

YCA: York City Archives.

Stell & Hampson: P.M.Stell & L.Hampson Probate Inventories of the York Diocese before 1500. Dean & Chapter of York (1998).

Corpus Christi: (Unless qualified by the title Dom or Domp) An event which took place in the R. Catholic Church. For example, where a male & female are represented by the same date, this could indicate a marriage.

HALL: A series of catalogues of charters, deeds, court rolls etc relating to Sheffield was published by T. Walter Hall. They are available in the Sheffield Public Library.

DJFC: Data of religious gilds kindly supplied by Dr. D.J.F. Crouch from: Piety, Fraternity & Power, unpublished D.Phil. thesis University of York, 1995.

YAJ: York Archaeological Journal.

ERAS: Transactions of the East Riding Antiquarian Society.

Freemen’s Roll: YCA, Register of Admissions to the Freedom of the City. D1.

BIHRBP: Borthwick Papers.

ATTREED: Lorraine C. Attreed, The York House Books, (Stroud 1991).

 

Transcribed with permission from a photocopy of originals supplied by Emma Wright by Stephen Kilburn, July 2001. Apologies for any errors, which will be rectified upon notification.

Surname First Name Gender Place for Record Job Event Year Type of Record Source Ref
Kilburne Thomas De M York Hosteler 1301 Civic Ordinances BIHRBP 49
Kilburn Thomas De M York Nojob 1305 Freedom Surtees 96
Kilburn John De M Thresk (Thirsk) Nojob 1327 Lay Subsidy YASRS 74
Kilburn Henry De M Helmeslay Nojob 1327 Lay Subsidy YASRS 74
Kilburn Robert De M York Marchaunt (Merchant) 1349 Freedom Surtees 96
Kilburn Robert De M York Braciator 1355 Freedom Surtees 96
Kilburn Roger De M York Clerk 1359 Witness SRJ 900 & 901
Kilburn Robert De M York Clerk 1364 Witness SRJ 904
Kilburn Robert De M York Clerk 1364 Witness SRJ 905
Kylburne John De M York Couper 1365 Freedom Surtees 96
Kilburn Robert De M York Clerk 1368 Witness SRJ 845
Kilburn William De M York Nojob 1377 Poll Tax Leggett
Kylburn William De M Midelthorp Wryght 1379 Poll Tax YAJ 7
Kilburh Emma De F Southkirkby Nojob 1379 Poll Tax YAJ 6
Kylburn William De M Bysshopthorp (Now York) Wryght 1379 Poll Tax YAJ 7
Kilburn Thomas De M York Constable 1380 List of Constables SS/120 p. 151
Kilburn Thomas De M York Constable 1380 Civic Officials SS/120 p. 151-4
Kylburn William De M York Mason 1380 Freedom Surtees 96
Kilburn Thomas De M York Draper 1381 Poll Tax Eras 30
Kilburn John De M York Portour 1381 Poll Tax Eras 30
Kilburn Thomas De M York Nojob 1381 Charter YASRS 148 No. 508
Kylburn Thomas De M York Nojob 1382 Chamberlain Surtees 192
Kilburn Thomas De M York Chamberlain 1383 Occurs, YCA, Freemans Register D1
Kilburn John De M York Portour 1386 Freedom Surtees 96
Kilburn John De M York Chaplain 1391 Charter SRJ 2838
Kilburn John De M York Vicar 1392 Charter SRJ 765
Kilburn John De M York Vicar 1392 Charter SRJ 766
Kilburn John De M York Clerk 1392 Freedom Surtees 96
Kylburn John De M York Wever 1392 Freedom Surtees 96
Kylburn William M Mydelthorp (Middleton) Nojob 1394 Will YASRS 6
Kilburn Thomas De M York Nojob 1397 Witness SRJ 3613-3624
Kilburn Thomas De M York Nojob 1398 Witness SRJ 3577
Kilburn John De M York Nojob 1401 Charter SRJ 2841
Kilburn John De M York Nojob 1403 Charter YASRS 148 No.386
Kilburn Joan F York Nojob 1403 Charter YASRS 148 No. 386
Kylburne Isabel F York Nojob 1404 Will YASRS 6
Kylburne Thomas De M York Nojob 1404 Will YASRS 6
Kilburn None De M York Nojob 1406 Bridgemasters Accounts YCA C80: 1
Kylburn John M York Nojob 1406 Freedom Surtees 96
Kilburn Thomas De M York Nojob 1407 Bridgemasters Accounts YCA C80: 2
Kylburn Thomas M York Nojob 1407 Will YASRS 6
Kilburn Thomas M York Nojob 1408 Bridgemasters Accounts YCA C80: 3
Kilburn John M Beford Rector 1408 Will YASRS 93
Kylbourn John M York Textor 1410 Corpus Christi SS 57
Kylbourn None F York Textor 1410 Corpus Christi SS 57
Kilburn John M York Weaver 1413 Inventory Stell & Hampson*
Kylborn John M York-Shire Nojob 1420 Will SS/53 p.2*
Kylburn Richard M York Wryght 1420 Freedom Surtees 96
Kilburn John M York Nojob 1422 Warden of Ouse Bridge Freeman Roll
Kilburn John M York Warden of Ouse Bridge 1422 Occurs, YCA, Freemans Register D1
Kilburn Joan F York Nojob 1429 Will YASRS 6
Kylburn Joanna F York Nojob 1429 Death SS 57
Kilburn John M York Nojob 1429 Occurs SS 57 p 245
Kilburn John M York Nojob 1429 Will YASRS 6
Kylburn Agnes F York Nojob 1429 Corpus Christi SS 57
Kylburn John M York Nojob 1429 Corpus Christi SS 57*
Kilburn William M York Skynner 1434 Freedom Surtees 96
Kilburn John M York Janitor 1437 Will YASRS 6
Kylburn Agnes F York Nojob 1438 Will YASRS 6
Kilburn Thomas M York Skynner 1438 Freedom Surtees 96
Kylburn Agnes F York Nojob 1439 Corpus Christi Gild DJFC
Kylburn Agnes F York Nojob 1439 St Christopher Gild DJFC
Kylburn Agnes F York Nojob 1439 St Mary at Abbey Gild DJFC
Kilburn Emma De F York Nojob 1439 Charter SRJ 4411
Kylburn Dom William M York Nojob 1439 Corpus Christi SS 57
Kylburn John M York Sausagemaker 1440 Freedom Surtees 96
Kylburn John M York Nojob 1441 Corpus Christi SS 57
Kylburn Joanna F York Nojob 1441 Corpus Christi SS 57
Kilburn Thomas M Catton Nojob 1444 Will YASRS 6
Kilburn Agnes F York Nojob 1446 Corpus Christi SS 57
Kilborn John M Lincoln Precentor 1447 Will YASRS 6
Kylburn Thomas M York Weaver 1450 Apprentices' Indentures YCA D11
Kylburn None F York Nojob 1451 Corpus Christi SS 57
Kylburn Thomas M York Nojob 1451 Corpus Christi SS 57
Kylburn Emmota F York Nojob 1455 Corpus Christi SS 57
Kylburn William M York Nojob 1455 Corpus Christi SS 57
Kilburn William M York Skinner 1460 Charter YASRS 148 No. 93
Kilburn William M York Nojob 1462 Chamberlain Accounts Surtees 192 p. 106
Kilburn Thomas M York Weaver 1462 Accounts Surtees 192 p. 106
Kilburn William M York Skynner 1464 Will YASRS 6
Kilburn William M York Skinner 1465 Charter YASRS 148 No. 94
Kilburn Emma F York Nojob 1465 Charter YASRS 148 No. 94
Kilburn Thomas M York Nojob 1468 Chamberlain Accounts Surtees 192 p. 122
Kilburn Agnes F York Nojob 1469 Corpus Christi SS 57
Kylborne Agnes F York Nojob 1470 Corpus Christi SS 57
Kilburn Richard M York Cartwright 1473 Freedom Surtees 96
Kilburn Thomas M York Textor 1475 Will YASRS 6
Kylburn Domp Thomas M Byland Nojob 1475 Corpus Christi SS 57
Kilburn Thomas M York Nojob 1475 Chamberlain Accounts Surtees 192 p. 147
Kylburn Domp Thomas M York Nojob 1475 Corpus Christi SS 57
Kilborne Richard M York Nojob 1476 Occurs Attreed p. 15
Kilborne Richard M York Nojob 1476 Occurs Attreed p. 22
Kilbourn Thomas M York Nojob 1476 Occurs Attreed p. 15
Kilburn Thomas M York Nojob 1476 Freedom (Patres) Surtees 96
Kilburn Thomas M York Wever 1476 Freedom (Patres) Surtees 96*
Kilburn Agnes F York Maiden 1477 Will YASRS 6
Kylburne Alice F York Nojob 1478 Corpus Christi SS 57
Kylburne Richard M York Nojob 1478 Corpus Christi SS 57
Kylburn Thomas M York Nojob 1485 Corpus Christi SS 57
Kilborne Richard M York Nojob 1488 Occurs Attreed p. 607
Kylburne Thomas M Hyngynge Grymeston Nojob 1507 Will YASRS 6
Kylburne Domp William M York Nojob 1510 Corpus Christi SS 57
Kilborne Domp Elizabeth F York Nojob 1515 Corpus Christi SS 57
Kylburn John M York Cartwright 1515 Freedom (Patres) Surtees 96
Kylburn Richard M York Cartwright 1515 Freedom (Patres) Surtees 96*
Kilburne Robert De M Catton Nojob 1516 Will YASRS 11
Kilburne John M York Nojob 1524 Lay Subsidy YAJ 4
Kylburn John M York Smyth (Blacksmith) 1529 Freedom Surtees 96
Kilborne John M Stanford upon Sore Nojob 1532 Will YASRS 11
Kilburn John M York Draper 1536 Freedom Surtees 96
Kilborne Reynold M York Nojob 1543 Baptism YPRS 70
Kilborne Alison F York Nojob 1544 Baptism YPRS 70
Kilborne Thomas M York Nojob 1545 Burial YPRS 70
Kylborn John M Deanery of York Nojob 1546 Chantry Survey SS/91 p 75
Kylborn John M York Nojob 1548 Chantry Survey SS/92 p.452
Kilborne Thomas M Catton Nojob 1548 Will YASRS 11
Kilborne Jenett F York Nojob 1549 Burial YPRS 70
Kilburn Elizabeth F York Prioress 1100-1530 Monastic Notes YAS 17 p. 162
Kilburn William De M York Nojob 1100-1530 Monastic Notes YAS 17 p. 31 & 180
Kilburn William M York Abbot 1100-1530 Monastic Notes YAS 17 p. 177 & 180
Kilburn Helewise De F Sheffield Nojob 1250x1400 Charter, Hall 1914 p. 112
Kilburn Richard M Sheffield Nojob 1250x1400 Charter, Hall 1914 p. 112
Kilburn Robert De M Sheffield Nojob 1250x1400 Charter, Hall 1914 p. 112
Kilburn William M Sheffield Nojob 1250x1400 Charter, Hall 1914 p. 112
Killerbrunne Richard De M York Nojob 1275x1294 Inquisition YAS 23 p. 14
Kilburn John De M York-Shire Nojob 1380x1389 Will SS/4 p.66*
Kilburn Agnes F York-Shire Nojob 1426x1440 Will SS/30 p.59*
Kilburn John M York-Shire Nojob 1426x1440 Will SS/30 p.59*
Kilburn John M York-Shire Nojob 1440x1449 Will SS/30 p.80*
Kilburn Emma F York Nojob 1454x1465 Charter SRJ 4411
Kilburn Thomas M York Wever 1457x1458 Witness SRJ 3379
Kylburn Thomas M York Weaver 1466x1475 Apprentices' Indentures YCA D11
Kilburn Thomas M York Weaver 1468x1475 Apprentices' Indentures YCA D11
Kylburn Thomas M York Weaver 1470x1505 Apprentices' Indentures YCA D11
Kilburn Thomas M York Weaver 1477x1489 Apprentices' Indentures YCA D11
Kylburn Thomas M York Weaver 1477x1489 Apprentices' Indentures YCA D11
Kylborn John M York-Shire Nojob 1490x1495 Will SS/53 p.74*
Kilburne John M York-Shire Nojob 1520x1529 Wills SS/79 p.135