BORN: 1737, Fairhaven, Bristol Cty, MA
MARRIED: 22 June 1762, Cornwallis, Kings Cty, NS
DIED: 1805, Kingsclear, York Cty, NB
BURIED: 1805, Hammond Farm, Kingsclear
SPOUSE: Jerusha Newcomb b 2 Jan 1744, Edgartown, Dukes Cty (Martha's Vinyard), MA; d Abt 1834, Kingsclear, NB
FATHER: Archelaus Hammond b 15 Sep 1709, Mattapoisett, Plymouth Cty, MA; m 10 Dec 1729, Mattapoisett; d unknown.
MOTHER: Elizabeth Weeks b Abt 1709 MA (nothing more known)
PERSONAL DATA: Archelaus Hammond was a Planter from Massachusetts who settled in Nova Scotia in 1761 after the French and Indian War. As an American he was offered a land grant from the lands vacated by the Acadians who would not take the oath of allegiance to Great Britain and who were forcibly removed. After livng there a decade, marrying and having five children, he moved to a new grant of land at Machias, ME.
After a few years he left Maine for Gage Town upriver from St. John, NB (Nova Scotia at that time), had another five or so children (the numbers and birth records of his later children are not known), and established a farm in about 1780, three years before the Loyalists arrived. Upon their arrival they expropriated his lands, and Archelaus moved first to Jemseg, and then further upriver to Kingsclear where he and two sons obtained some 872 acres on three lots. The town of Hammondville was established and the Hammond Cemetery is located a mile to the north on a former Hammond land grant.
The first Hammond to come to New England was Elizabeth who came as a widow with four children in 1634 during the Great Migration. She came to Scituate, MA with 34 other families who followed Reverend Lathrop. They soon moved south past Plymouth to Barnstable, then Sandwich and Yarmouth. Finally, in 1864, four of her grandsons moved west to found the village of Mattapoisett in the township of Rochester where many Hammonds lived and died and were buried in the Hammond Cemetery.
The NB Hammonds trace their lineage back to Francis and son John Cooke who came on the Mayflower in 1620. John Cooke's daughter Sarah married Arthur Hathaway in 1652 in Duxbury, MA. They moved to Dartmouth near Rochester, had a daughter Mary who married Samuel Hammond in Rochester about 1681. He was the grandson of Elizabeth who immigrated from London, and his grandson was the Archelaus born in 1737.
1. For the best general description of these Hammonds, their genealogy and history, see the author's book Fathers and Mothers, 2002, 328 pp. Chapter 4 incorporates all of his 1998 paper "Archelaus Hammond: a Planter with American and English Roots," Generations, a journal of the New Brunswick Genealogical Society, Fall 1998 47-53. The book adds several figures to this paper and is available from the author at 6695 Terry Court, Arvada,CO 80007 and email: [email protected]
2. See Frederick Stam Hammond, 1902, History and Genealogies of the Hammond Families in America, 1000-1902. This excellent genealogy provides considerable information on the family in America.
3. For the settlement and early history of Rochester see C S Hamlin et al. 1907, Mattapoisett and Old Rochester, Massachusetts.
4. For the Hammond connection to the Mayflower see Ralph Van Wood, 1996, Francis Cooke of the Mayflower: The First Five Generations.
5. See J Stephenson, 1954, "The Connecticut Settlement of Nova Scotia . . ." National Genealogical Soc Qu: 53ff for an extensive discussion of Nova Scotia settlement in this migration of Planters.
6. See G H Hayward, 1995, "The Studholm Report," Generations 65: 2-12 for the entire report and an annotated census of the early settlers called Planters in NB prior to the arrival in 1783 of the Loyalists.