Knight Family Tree - aqwg190

Descendants of Richard And Sarah Rogers Knight

Nicholas HUTCHENS-2446 was born in 1637/1638 in Lynn, Essex, Massachusetts. He died in Sep 1693 in Lancaster, Worcester, Massachusetts. Nicholas married Elizabeth Charlotte FARR-2445 on 4 Apr 1666 in Lynn, Essex, Massachusetts.

DEATH: Nicholas Hutchen in the Massachusetts, Wills and Probate Records, 1635-1991
Name: Nicholas Hutchen
Probate Date: 1693
Probate Place: Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA
Inferred Death Year: Abt 1693
Inferred Death Place: Massachusetts, USA
Case Number: 12327
Item Description: Probate Papers 12301-12404
Table of Contents 3 images
Cover Page 1
Administration Papers 2–3
Source Citation: Probate records 1648--1924 (Middlesex County, Massachusetts); Author: Massachusetts. Probate Court (Middlesex County); Probate Place: Middlesex, Massachusetts
Source Information: Massachusetts, Wills and Probate Records, 1635-1991 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2015.
Original data: Massachusetts County, District and Probate Courts.

BIOGRAPHY: "Hutchins-Hutchens, Descendants of Strangeman Hutchins", born 1707, of the James River in Virginia and Surry (Yadkin) County, NC, (Vol. I, © 1979 Gateway Press, Inc., Baltimore; Vol. II, © 1992 Privately Published by Rita Hineman Townsend); Compiled, edited, and indexed by Rita Hineman Townsend, 1606 N. 3rd St., Garden City, Kansas, 67846; Vol. 1, pg. 1, Nicholas Hutchins... "He was a Quaker living in Henrico County,Virginia in 1699. He belonged to the Henrico Monthly Meeting at Curles (established 1690...and later to the White Oak Swamp Meeting (established 1702). Before the building of the meeting house, services were held at the homes of members, often at the home of William Porter and sometimes at the home of Nicholas Hutchins."

Addenda, Appendix II, pg. 785; Appendix III, pgs. 809-810, pg. 5: 1729-11mo-3 Strangeman Hutchins sold and deeded the land grant made to Nicholas Hutchins, and fortunately in the deed said that Nicholas was his father. This is our only proof that Strangeman was the son of Nicholas.

"Hutchins-Hutchens, Descendants of Strangeman Hutchins":
Addenda, Appendix III, pg. 796:
"In the introduction to the minutes of the Pagan Creek Monthly Meeting (Hinshaw:6:19), also called Nansemond and Levy Neck Monthly Meeting, Douglas Summers Brown has written, 'The lower Virginia counties of Isle of Wight, Nansemond and Norfolk have always attracted dissenters and from early times we find them in this section....Even before the rise of the Society of Friends and its subsequent spreading to America, Puritans were in the Isle of Wight County as well as Nansemond. They came under the leadership of Richard Bennett, whose wealth and influence upheld them, he having transported many across the Atlantic at his own expense. Many of these Puritans occupied positions of highest rank in the Virginia Colony....But Puritanism reached its climax in the south in 1637 with the battle of the Severn, which event was perfectly timed to the arrival of the first Quaker missionaries. Thereafter we find many Puritans and their families being converted to the beliefs of Gorge Fox.

" 'In fact, John B. Boddie, historian of the Isle of Wight County, concludes that a large majority of the first Quakers of that county and Nansemond were originally Puritans, including Bennett (above), Governor of Virginia under Oliver Cromwell. Among these earliest Quaker families, not all of whom had been Puritans, are found the names of ....Hutchins....Johnson, Jones, ...It should, however, be remembered that Quakerism was a new faith and that often only one or two members of a family were converted, while in the established Church all members could be taken for granted as being members, unless shown to be otherwise.

" 'The Society of Friends was first planted in Virginia on the Eastern Shore and then in the region south of the lower James River, which area is penetrated by the Nansemond and Elizabeth Rivers. All the meetings in the counties there are closely related by both ties of blood and organization. The same families which first settled Isle of Wight County later moved on into Nansemond, and in the period 1660-63 almost every Quaker family sent members to become the first settlers of the state of North Carolina. Wheeler in his "History of North Carolina" says, "the first permanent settlement (i.e. in Perquimans Co, NC) was formed after the expulsion of the Quakers from Virginia in 1662." So one should not be surprised to find the same family names in all these places.' "

"Early Quakers in Virginia lived with much persecution for their beliefs. This and the fact that they were new to their Quaker faith and its organization were probably the reasons that they left so few records."

Vol. 1, pg. 1:
"Nicholas Hutchins is the earliest member of the Hutchins family of whom we have positive proof. He was a Quaker living in Henrico County,Virginia in 1699. He belonged to the Henrico Monthly Meeting at Curles (established 1690...and later to the White Oak Swamp Meeting (established 1702). Before the building of the meeting house, services were held at the homes of members, often at the home of William Porter and sometimes at the home of Nicholas Hutchins."

(We searched the Family Tree Maker, CD192, Genealogical Records: The Encyclopedia of Quaker Genealogy, 1750-1930, © 1998 for the White Oak Swamp, and found in Volume VI, pg. 145, titled "Henrico Monthly Meeting" the following: "also called Curles, New Kent, Upper, Upland, White Oak Swamp and Wayanoke Monthly Meeting.")

"There are many genealogies and family records which give the birthplace of Nicholas Hutchins as England or Wales; but there is nothing to substantiate these claims. Similarly, the father of Nicholas has been given as Isaac, Robert, or another Nicholas Hutchins. From the Court Records of Henrico County it is possible to disprove either Isaac or Robert as the father of Nicholas..."

"...Much caution is necessary in suggesting the parentage of Nicholas, because of the lack of records for Virginia in this period. However, from the facts available for each Hutchins (or variant spelling) in Virginia in the 1600s, it is possible to surmise that several generations of this Hutchins family may already have been in Virginia before Nicholas. For example: -- the Cicely mentioned in the Court Records..., wife of Isaac Hutchins, later married Henry Sherman. - Cicely and Henry were the parents of Elizabeth Sherman who married Henry Trent and later married Henry Gee. - Henry Trent and wife Elizabeth were the parents of Mary Trent, who married Richard Cox. - Richard Cox and Mary Trent were the parents of Elizabeth Cox,who married Strangeman Hutchins. (See: Addenda)." (Appendix III, pgs. 797-809).

(See: Vol. 2, pgs. 1-4; by Rita Hineman Townsend. John Hutchins may have been the father of our Nicholas Hutchins. This has not been proved. The evidence is presented by Elmore Hutchins, and this evidence is very convincing. This "John" was the son of Thomas Hutchins, born about 1575 in Towcester, Northamptonshire, England. He had at least three, maybe four sons, William, Nicholas, Thomas and there may have been a "John". Remember this is all pure speculation and has not been proved).

"Because people lived and married within their own small group of neighbors, it does not seem unlikely that Strangeman and Elizabeth came from families who had known each other for a long time; and it is even possible that they were related in one way or another..."

"The birth of Nicholas Hutchins is often given as 1645, but there is no proof for this. It was a supposition on the part of E. C. Crider, as (is) shown in...excerpt from a letter he wrote to Louis Payne (date unknown, but ca 1935-1937)..." (Rita Hineman Townsend).

First mention of Nicholas Hutchins was when he condemned his marriage to an unknown lady; we do not find any mention of his condemnation by the Friends earlier, and this is the 1st mention we have of Nicholas in Quaker records.

"Hutchins-Hutchens, Descendants of Strangeman Hutchins," Vol. I, pg. 1 (con.):
1699-7mo-8 Nicholas Hutchins did condemn his marriage by priest to the satisfaction of the Friends. (Original Henrico MM Records of the Friends: also H:6:184)

pg. 2:
"1699-12mo-9 Nicholas Hutchins contributed 40 lbs. of tobacco towards the building of a new Meeting House at Curles. (Henrico MM, H:6:148)

"1701-6mo-8 Nicholas Hutchins and Mary Watkins, daughter of Henry, proposed intentions of marriage: 'At a meeting held at William Porter's Jr., the 8th day of ye 6th month, 1701, Nicholas Hutchins and Mary Watkins did at this meeting propose their intentions of marriage the first time. Henry Watkins, the father of the young woman consenting thereto and saying he would not be their hindrance. This meeting therefore ordered that William Lead [Ladd] and Benjamin Woodson do inquire into the clearness and conversation of the said Nicholas Hutchins and make return the next month meeting.' (Original Henrico MM Record, 1699-1756, p 11)"

"1701-7mo-12 'At a meeting held at William Porter Jrs., the 12 day of ye 7th month of 1701, the parties appointed to inquire into the clearness and conversation of Nicholas Hutchins, report that they have found nothing to the contrary but that he is clear in each respect. They were therefore suffered to proceed in their intentions and publish themselves the second time, according to the order of Friends.' (Orginal Henrico mm Record, 1699-1756, p 11, and H:6:184)"

"1701-8mo-9 Nicholas Hutchins, Henrico Co.; m. in Friends Meeting House at a public mtg of the Friends, Mary Watkins, dt Henry, Henrico Co. (H:6:184, Henrico MM Record). From the original Henrico MM Record, 1699-1756, p. 12"

"Here followeth a copy of Nicholas Hutchins' marriage Certificate;
"WHEREAS Nicholas Hutchins, of the County of Henrico and Mary Watkins, daughter Henry Watkins, of the Same County, have proposed their intentions of marriage before two several meetings of the people, in scorn called Quakers, which after the due inquiry of their clearness, and it appearing that the relations of the said Mary were consenting to their marriage, did give consent that the said parties might accomplish their said intentions.
"We therefore, whose names are underwritten do certify all whom it may concern, that the said Nicholas Hutchins and the said Mary Watkins did at the meeting house of the aforesaid people in the county aforesaid, the 9th day of the 8th month, 1701, then and there take each other for wife and husband. He, the said Nicholas Hutchins, taking said Mary by the hand and declaring that in the presence of the Lord and before this congregation, 'I take Mary Watkins to be my lawful wife, promising to be to her a true and loving husband till death.'
"And then the said Mary Watkins, then and there declaring 'that I take Nicholas Hutchins to be my husband, promising to be a true and loving husband (meaning wife) till death.'
"And for confirmation thereof the said Nicholas and Mary did set their hands.
"Signed: Nicholas Hutchins and Mary Hutchins..."

(There were 26 signatures of persons who were witnesses to the ceremony. Among the 26 witnesses to the ceremony, we found: Henry Watkins, Jr., Thomas Watkins, and Mary Watkins).

"E. C. Crider noted, 'We have never been able to find proof as to whether Mary who m Nicholas was the dau of Henry Watkins Sr. or of Henry Watkins Jr.' (See Addenda)." (Rita Hineman Townsend).

pg. 3:
"It is also of interest to note that no relative named Hutchins signed the marriage certificate. Was it because Nicholas had no living relatives, or because his relatives were not Quaker? Or perhaps it was even because he had emigrated from New England or England. The most we can do is speculate."

"1702-4mo-25 Nicholas Hutchins received a grant of 230 acres along 'ye north bank of James River and on ye west side of ye Four Mile Creek.' This is about three miles below Dutch Gap." (There follows a description of the land grant, also a description of the Nicholas Hutchins Land Grant copied from a letter written by E. C. Crider 22 Oct 1937 to a person not named. The Criders had traveled there, and he describes the area, and includes two pictures taken of the land as it was at that time in 1937).

"Four Generations of the Family of Strangeman Hutchins and his wife Elizabeth Cox," as known January 10, 1935", pg. 1:
"As far as we have positive proof, Nicholas Hutchins is the forbear of this family, There are several traditions concerning the family, most of them based on the peculiar name, Strangeman. the most pleasing one is that some Hutchins previous to Nicholas married a Polly Strangeman."

"Tradition gives the birth of Nicholas as 1645. Nicholas was married twice. We do not know the name of the first wife, or if there were any children by this marriage. There were Hutchins early in Massachusetts, in Pennsylvaia, in Marilyn, in the Bermudas, in Norfolk County, Virginia. Our Hutchins were along the James River. These Hutchins of the various locations, may havehad a common ancestry back some time in the Hutchins of the various locations, may have had a common ancestry back some time in the British Isles, but no relationship is known among them in the colonies.

"Nicholas Hutchins' land grant was located about twelve miles by paved road down the James from the present site of Richmond. It was about three miles below Dutch Gap. Strangeman Hutchins lived in Goochland County, on Genito Creek about twenty miles up the James from Richmond. A distance of fifty miles along the James, with Richmond as center, would approximately locate the family the first hundred years in the Colony. Nicholas Hutchins had one son and four grandsons. These five moved to Surry County, N.C. This move together with the Quaker records makes it possible to keep our Hutchins line separate from the others."

pg. 3:
"Nicholas Hutchins was the forbear of this Hutchins family. He was a Quaker living in Henrico County, Virginia, and belonging to the Henrico Monthly Meeting at Curles, and later in the White Oak Swamp Meeting." (Mrs. Gussie Waymire Crider).

"The Story of Jacob Hutchins of Athol, Massachusetts," Revolutionary Soldier, (and Accounts of other Hutchins Who Served in the Revolutionary War), "Our Hutchins Heritage", pg. 169:
"In Ohio, however, I've met a whole new group of Hutchins. They are often Quakers and come from Virginia or North Carolina. Their family can be traced back to Nicholas Hutchins who lived in Virginia and to his son, Strangeman Hutchins, who was born there in 1707. These Hutchins moved from Virginia into Surry County, North Carolina and later into other southern states as well as Tennessee, Kentucky, and Ohio. There were many other Hutchins in the south who have not been identified with this family but whose origin is not documented. I've never heard of any relationship between these southern Hutchins and our New England clan. However, as I have become acquainted with these other families it appears we were probably all related in England."

"There are three other Hutchins families that can't be called New England or southern, at least not Virginia southern. Francis Hutchins of Calvert County, Maryland was a justice in 1678 and married Elizabeth Burridge. they lived in Calvert County where many of their descendants still reside. There was another Hutchins family of Maryland that has not been connected with Francis. Nicholas Hutchins was an early settler on the Lord Baltimore estates and is recorded on the lands known as Our Lady's manor. Many of his descendants also still live in the Free State."

Here we have a note, which we wrote: "Related possibly! to our Nicholas."

See: "Hutchins-Hutchens, Descendants of Strangeman Hutchins", "Born 1707, of the James River in Virginia and Surry (Yadkin) County, North Carolina"; Vol. II, pgs. 1-4; 3 Vols. by Rita Hineman Townsend; contains the following: Elmore Hutchins of My Lady's Manor, Maryland, compiled a book 1974-1978 named 'Nicholas Hutchins of My Lady's Manor'; "the contributor, John L. Gladden, 2605-B Red Sails Drive, El Paso, TX 19936-2116, wrote 5 Feb 1989 that the book was unpublished. In a letter dated 15 Feb 1989 Mr. Gladden informed me that Elmore Hutchins had died before he could publish his book. there is no address in the book for one to write for further information.")

"Hutchins-Hutchens," Vol. II, pg. 1-4, and Elmore Hutchins', "Nicholas Hutchins of My Lady's Manor"
" 'John Hutchins, the younger brother in Virginia, was the father, undoubtedly, of at least three sons----William, Nicholas and Thomas. there was, in all probability, an older son named John but so far it has been impossible to trace him...' "

" '...William Hutchins, 1640-1722, eldest of these three sons of John (see below), with his young brother Thomas, left Virginia within a year or two after 1680 and moved northward into Maryland. While no documentary proof has so far been found to definitely establish the move of William and Thomas Hutchins of Lancaster County, Virginia, to Maryland, to certify that the William and Thomas Hutchins of Virginia are the same William and Thomas Hutchins of Baltimore County, Maryland, there is so much circumstantial evidence to support it, to offer as proof, that it surely seems beyond question.

" 'The evidence must go back to the registers of the Parish of St. lawrence in Towcester, England. (See Notes in this genealogy for Nicholas Hutchins, father of Strangeman, or H-H pg. 2). There, on the pages of births and deaths and sometimes marriages, beside the entries of the Hutchins of Wood Burcot were the family names of Collett, Shepperd, Standiford and Stewart. Those names are once again all together in the records of the Colony of Virginia as shown in Nugent's Cavaliers and Pioneers, in abstracts of land grants. Again they are together in land and church records in early Baltimore County, Maryland. . . .' (All from pp 6-11, Nicholas Hutchins of My Lady's Manor, unpublished, by Elmore Hutchins.)

"From the evidence presented by Elmore Hutchins:
"The first generation of ancestors of Nicholas and Strangeman, his son, MAY HAVE BEEN:

THOMAS HUTCHINS b ca 1575 Towcester, Northamptonshire, England; m ANN _____.
Their children:
i. William Hutchins b. ca 1597 Towcester; rem to the Virginia colony
ii. *John Hutchins b ca 1611 Towcester, Northamptonshire, England; m. ___; rem to the Virginia colony
iii. Thomas Hutchins b Towcester; m Phillis Anne ____
iv. Richard Hutchins christened 8 Sep 1618 Towcester

JOHN HUTCHINS (Thomas) b ca 1611 Towester, Northamptonshire, England; m ____ _____.
Their children:
i. William Hutchins b ca 1640; d 1722 Md; m Sarah Doyne; they had children, John, Mary, Ann,
Elizabeth, William and George
ii. *Nicholas Hutchins b. ca 1645; d 1728-1729 Henrico Co, VA; m/2 9 Aug 1701Henrico co,
Mary Watkins; see I:1-6
iii. Thomas Hutchins b ca 1652 Virginia Colony; d 10 Mar 1732 Kingsville, MD;
m/1____ ____ who d 13 Apr 1704; two sons: (1) John b 29 Oct 1698; (2) Thomas b 8 Aug 1702
m/2 21 Jul 1704 ____ ____; children: (1) Elizabeth b 29 Jun 1706; (2) Ann b 13 Jan 1708;
(3) Susannah b 24 May 1713; (4) Nicholas b 25 Jun 1711, d 22 Oct 1713."

John Hutchins may have been the father of our Nicholas Hutchins. This has not been proved. The evidence is presented by Elmore Hutchins and this evidence is very convincing. This "John" was the son of Thomas Hutchins, born about 1575 in Towcester, Northamptonshire, England. He had at least three, maybe four sons, William, Nicholas, Thomas and there may have been a "John". Remember this is all pure speculation and has not been proved.

SOURCES: "Hutchins-Hutchens, Descendants of Strangeman Hutchins", "Born 1707, of the James River in Virginia and Surry (Yadkin) County, North Carolina"; 3 Vols. Compiled, edited, and indexed by Rita Hineman Townsend, 1606 N. 3rd St., Garden City, Kansas, 67846; (Vol. I, © 1979 Gateway Press, Inc., Baltimore; Vol. II, © 1992 Privately Published by Rita Hineman Townsend); Vol. 1, pgs. 1-14; Vol. 2, pgs. 1-6; contains the following: Elmore Hutchins of My Lady's Manor, Maryland, compiled a book 1974-1978 named 'Nicholas Hutchins of My Lady's Manor'; "the contributor, John L. Gladden, 2605-B Red Sails Drive, El Paso, TX 19936-2116, wrote 5 Feb 1989 that the book was unpublished. In a letter dated 15 Feb 1989 Mr. Gladden informed me that Elmore Hutchins had died before he could publish his book. there is no address in the book for one to write for further information."); Addenda, Appendix II, pg. 785; Appendix III, pgs. 809-810, pg. 5: 1729-11mo-3 Strangeman Hutchins sold and deeded the land grant made to Nicholas Hutchins, and fortunately in the deed said that Nicholas was his father. This is our only proof that Strangeman was the son of Nicholas. "Four Generations of the Family of Strangeman Hutchins and his wife Elizabeth Cox," as known January 10, 1935, (An old Virginia Family along the James River, by Marriage joined to other Immigrant Families of the Colony), pg. 1; Edited by Mrs. Gussie Waymire Crider and Edward C. Crider of Buck Creek, Indiana (now deceased). William Wade Hinshaw, Author & Publisher; Thomas Worth Marshall, Editor; Douglas Summers Brown, Collaborator & Historian for Virginia; Vol. 1, NC; Vol. 4 & 5, OH; Vol. 6, VA, "The Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy," 1750-1930, (© 1950, 1973, 1993 Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.; Family Tree Maker, CD192, Genealogical Records: The Encyclopedia of Quaker Genealogy, 1750-1930, © 1998 Jack Randolph Hutchins, Published by the Author, "The Story of Jacob Hutchins of Athol, Massachusetts," Revolutionary Soldier, (and Accounts of other Hutchins Who Served in the Revolutionary War).

Elizabeth Charlotte FARR-2445 was born on 25 Feb 1645 in Lynn, Essex, Massachusetts. She died on 15 Apr 1688 in Lynn, Essex, Massachusetts. Elizabeth married Nicholas HUTCHENS-2446 on 4 Apr 1666 in Lynn, Essex, Massachusetts.

MARRIAGE: Elizabeth Farr in the Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988
Name: Elizabeth Far
[Elizabeth Farr]
Event Type: Marriage
Marriage Date: 4 Feb 1666
Marriage Place: Lynn, Massachusetts
Spouse Name: Nicholas Huchin
Source Information: Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2011.
Original data: Town and City Clerks of Massachusetts. Massachusetts Vital and Town Records. Provo, UT: Holbrook Research Institute (Jay and Delene Holbrook).

Elizabeth Farr in the Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988
Name: Elizabeth Far
[Elizabeth Farr]
Event Type: Marriage
Marriage Date: 4 Feb 1666
Marriage Place: Lynn, Massachusetts
Spouse Name: Nicholas Huchin
Source Information: Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2011.
Original data: Town and City Clerks of Massachusetts. Massachusetts Vital and Town Records. Provo, UT: Holbrook Research Institute (Jay and Delene Holbrook).

They had the following children.

  M i John HUTCHINS-2435 was born on 3 Jun 1668. He died on 20 Mar 1756.

Jonathan WHITNEY-2444 was born on 15 Feb 1635 in Isleworth, Middlesex, England. He died on 1 Jan 1702 in Sherborn, Middlesex, Massachusetts. Jonathan married Abigail TARBELL-2443 on 30 Sep 1672 in Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

Abigail TARBELL-2443 was born in 1635 in Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts. She died on 7 Aug 1719 in Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts. Abigail married Jonathan WHITNEY-2444 on 30 Sep 1672 in Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

They had the following children.

  F i Abigail WHITNEY-2436 was born on 17 Jan 1671. She died in 1705.

Thomas LEFFINGWELL-2440 was born on 10 Mar 1624 in Croxhall, Derby, England. He died in 1714 in Norwich, New London, Connecticut. He was buried in Old Norwichtown Cemetery, Norwich, New London, Connecticut. Thomas married Mary WHITE-2439 in 1647 in Saybrook, Middlesex, Connecticut.

Mary WHITE-2439 was born on 10 Mar 1624 in Croxhall, Devonshire, England. She died on 6 Feb 1711 in Norwich, New London, Connecticut. She was buried in Old Norwichtown Cemetery, Norwich, New London, Connecticut. Mary married Thomas LEFFINGWELL-2440 in 1647 in Saybrook, Middlesex, Connecticut.

They had the following children.

  F i Mary LEFFINGWELL-2438 was born on 16 Dec 1654. She died on 31 Mar 1745.

Timothy SPRAGUE [Parents] [scrapbook]-7346 was born on 23 Jun 1752 in Leicester, Worcester, Massachusetts. He died on 8 Jan 1815 in Leicester, Worcester, Massachusetts. He was buried in Rawson Brook Burying Ground, Liecester, Worcester, Massachusetts. Timothy married Mary SARGENT-7347 on 17 Jun 1773.

BIOGRAPHY: The Ralph Sprague Genealogy
Compiled and Published by
E. G. Sprague, Ph. B., M.D.
Printed by The Capital City Press
Montpelier, Vermont  1913  Pages 91 -92
Timothy (5)(s. Joseph 5, William 4, Edward 3, John 2, Ralph 1, Edward), b. Jun. 23, 1752 in Leicester, Mass.; m. Mary, dau. of  Jonathan and Mary (Carle) Sargent, Jun. 17, 1773. She d. Oct. 6, 1813, age 40. He was a farmer by occupation, selectman many years. A bombardier it the Revolution; d. Jan. 8, 1815 in Leicester, Mass. Will allowed Feb. 7, 1815, in Vol. 46, p. 118; Children, Jonathan, Betsy, Catherine, Jesehua and John Sprague and Polly Knights mentioned.
Note: The age at the time of her death is obviously wrong as that would make her born in 1773 and they were married that year.

From Homer Thiel, correspondent, note of December 3rd, 2003 In 1790, Timothy lived in Leicester, heading a household containing one male over the age of 16 (Timothy), three males under the age of 16, and six females. Timothy Sprague household, 1790 U.S. census, Worcester County, Massachusetts, Leicester, page 225, column 3, line 35; NARA microfilm M637, roll 4. The original is in rough alphabetical order. Other Spragues in the community were Knight and William.
In 1800, Timothy's household contained one male aged 10 to under 16, one male aged 16 to under 26, one male 45+ (Timothy), two females aged 10 to under 16, one female aged 16 to under 26, and one female aged 26 to under 45 (Mary, although she was actually 46). Timothy Sprague household, 1800 U.S. census, Worcester County, Massachusetts, Leicester, page 494 [1231], line 16; NARA microfilm M32, roll 16. The original is in rough alphabetical order.

CENSUS: In 1810, Timothy lived in Leicester, probably near his son John. Timothy's household contained two males aged 16 to under 26, one male over age 45 (Timothy), two females aged 16 to under 26, and two females aged 45 plus (Mary and ?). Timothy Sprague household, 1810 U.S. census, Worcester County, Massachusetts, Leicester, page 492, line 12; NARA microfilm M252, roll 22. The census is in rough alphabetical order, making it impossible to determine who Sprague's neighbors wer

Mary SARGENT [scrapbook]-7347 was born on 4 Mar 1753 in Leicester, Worcester, Massachusetts. She died on 6 Oct 1813 in Leicester, Worcester, Massachusetts. She was buried in Rawson Brook Burying Ground, Liecester, Worcester, Massachusetts. Mary married Timothy SPRAGUE-7346 on 17 Jun 1773.

They had the following children.

  F i Polly SPRAGUE-2442 was born on 12 May 1776. She died on 20 Jul 1859.

Marvin BABCOCK-7170 was born on 2 Jul 1817 in Verona, Oneida, New York. He died on 28 Jun 1898 in Bingham, Clinton, Michigan. Marvin married Mary Martecia KNIGHT-26759 on 18 Mar 1841 in New York.

BURIAL: Marvin Babcock in the U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current
Name: Marvin Babcock
Birth Date: 2 jul 1817
Death Date: 28 jun 1898
Death Place: Saint Johns, Clinton County (Clinton), Michigan, United States of America
Cemetery: Mount Rest Cemetery
Burial or Cremation Place: Saint Johns, Clinton County (Clinton), Michigan, United States of America
Has Bio?: N
Spouse: Mary Mercy Babcock
Albert B. Babcock
Charles Theodore Babcock
Source Information: U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2012.
Original data: Find A Grave. Find A Grave.

Mary Martecia KNIGHT [Parents] [scrapbook]-26759 was born on 17 Oct 1822 in Verona, Oneida, New York. She died on 4 Nov 1908 in Saint Johns, Clinton, Michigan from Senility - Diabetes Mellitis - Diabetic Gangrene. Mary married Marvin BABCOCK-7170 on 18 Mar 1841 in New York.

Name: Mary M. Babcock
Official Cause of Death: Senility - Diabetes Mellitis - Diabetic Gangrene
Gender: Female
Burial Date:
Burial Place:
Death Date: 04 Nov 1908
Death Place: St Johns, Clinton, Michigan
Age: 86
Birth Date: 1822
Birthplace: New York
Race: White
Marital Status: Widowed
Spouse's Name:
Father's Name: Levi Knight
Father's Birthplace:
Mother's Name: Catherine Near
Mother's Birthplace:
Indexing Project (Batch) Number: B51841-4
System Origin: Michigan-EASy
GS Film number: 987768
Reference ID: v 3 p 230 fn 10860
Collection: Levi Knight in entry for Mary M. Babcock, "Michigan, Deaths and Burials, 1800-1995" - Certificate on file

MEDIA: MK9180 - Mary Martecia Knight d/o Levi & Catherine Near Knight w/o Marvin Babcock - - (Part of a biography of her, not sure were it came from.)

BIOGRAPHY: Mary Martecia Babcock, who bore the maiden name of Knight, was born October 17, 1822, in Verona, Oneida County, N.Y. She is the oldest daughter of Levi Knight, whose ancestors were of English stock, settled in Windham County, Vt. The great-grandfather, Jonathan Knight, was an officer in the Revolutionary War. About the time of the War of 1812, his son Levi removed with his family to Oneida County, where in 1819 his son, Levi, Jr., was married to Mrs. Catherine Sivers, whose maiden name was Near. This lady’s father, Conrad Near, was taken prisoner by the Indians when a boy of ten years, and taken to Quebec, where he was kept until the close of the war. Mrs. Babcock is the oldest child of Levi and Catherine Knight. She had an early love for books which has never left her. Her youthful school days were marked by diligence, promptitude and efficiency, a love of system and a desire for improvement. Her parents came to Michigan in 1835, and settled in Livingston County, where there were no schools, and she was obliged to study by herself with such poor text books as she could get. She commenced to teach when fifteen years old, and continued in this work until the death of her mother, when she assumed the responsibility of managing the family until her father married a second time. On the 18th of March, 1841, Miss Knight became the wife of Marvin Babcock, and commenced housekeeping on the farm. She became the mother of four children, two of whom are still living: Sarah Catherine, now Mrs. Dr. Stevenson, born in 1842; and Charles, in 1859. The deceased are Albert B., born in 1844, and died in 1867; George M., born in 1850, and died in 1853. Wherever Mrs. Babcock has made her home, she has been prominent in all literary and progressive societies, and was one of the founders of the Ladies’ Library of St. John’s, being it President for over ten years and is still one of the Executive Committee. She has been active in Chautauqua circles, temperance, church and aid societies, and has collected a fine library for herself and family. She also has the best collection of Indian curiosities in the State. She is devoted to the solid improvement of society and her aim is to do good to those with whom she comes in contact. The attention of the reader is invited to the lithographic portraits of Mr. and Mrs. Babcock presented elsewhere in this volume. By their united efforts they have risen from a very small beginning to a competency, sufficient to support them in ease, and now in their old age enjoying all the comforts and even luxuries in life. – (Transcribed by William C. Knight)

William Davison GIBBONS [scrapbook]-10257 was born on 22 Aug 1783 in Granville, Hampden, Massachusetts. He died on 9 Nov 1854 in Union, Saint Joseph, Indiana. He was buried in Huffman Cemetery, Bremen, Marshall, Indiana. William married Mary Polly HOOVER-10258.

MEDIA: D3153 - William Davison Gibbons - Find A Grave Memorial# 45465909 - FAGV Gayle
In places this looks like a painting and also like a photograph. Since he died in 1854 it's possible that this could be a photograph. If so, the part that looks like a painting [vest, coat, hair, right hand] might indicate that it was retouched from a damaged photograph. FAGV Gayle

Mary Polly HOOVER-10258 was born on 12 Apr 1794 in Licking County, Ohio. She died in Mar 1825 in Hebron, Licking, Ohio. She was buried in Hebron Cemetery, Hebron, Licking, Ohio. Mary married William Davison GIBBONS-10257.

They had the following children.

  M i Andrew Smith GIBBONS-2449 was born on 12 Mar 1825. He died on 9 Feb 1886 from Arteriosclerosis - Cerebral Apoplexy.

William Halbert PRATT [Parents] [scrapbook]-9563 was born on 8 May 1844 in Tishomingo, Tishomingo, Mississippi. He died on 16 Jul 1902 in Hinckley, Millard, Utah. He was buried in Hinckley City Cemetery, Hinckley, Millard, Utah. William married Ann Elizabeth BURGESS-9564 on 19 Jun 1864.

BIOGRAPHY: Millennium File
Name: William Halbert Pratt
Spouse: , Ann Burgess
Birth Date: 8 May 1844
Birth County: Tishomingo  
Birth State: Mississippi  
Birth Country: USA  
Death Date: 16 Jul 1902
Death City: Hinckley  
Death County: Millard  
Death State: Utah  
Death Country: USA  
Parents: <Ýõ­&Db=Millfam&H=10001094"> ,  
Children: <Ýõ­&Db=Millind&H=10004984">Jonathan Burgess Pratt
Source Information:
Heritage Consulting. Millennium File [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2003. Original data: Heritage Consulting. The Millennium File. Salt Lake City, UT, USA: Heritage Consulting.

MEDIA: D1604 - William Halbert Pratt s/o Jonathan B. & Susannah Halbert Platt - FAG Memorial# 69830

Ann Elizabeth BURGESS [scrapbook]-9564 was born on 11 Jun 1843 in Marshfield, Gloucestershire, England. She died on 16 Dec 1917 in Hinckley, Millard, Utah. She was buried in Hinckley City Cemetery, Hinckley, Millard, Utah. Ann married William Halbert PRATT-9563 on 19 Jun 1864.

MEDIA: D7727 - William Halbert & Ann Elizabeth Burgess Pratt p/o Jonathan Burgess Pratt - Standing is Elizabeth Susannah Pratt -

OBITUARY: Deseret Evening News
Hinckley, Millard, Utah
20 December 1917
Ann Burgess Pratt, Pioneer, Passes Away. (Special Correspondent)
Hinckley, Dec. 19 – Mrs. Ann Burgess Pratt, a pioneer, died Saturday evening at her home in this city, after a lingering illness. For more than 60 years she has been a member of the Church and has for a long time been active in the Auxiliary Organizations in this Community. She was  highly esteemed by a large number of friends and relatives.  Born in Dorchestershire (Gloucestershire), England, she came to Utah with her parents at the age of 11 years. In 1861, her father, Thomas Burgess, moved his family to “Dixie” where the family resided until 1887. In 1865, the deceased married William H. Pratt, who became the first Bishop of Hinckley. She has since resided in this place.  Bishop and Mrs. Pratt had five children, four of whom survive their mother. They are Elizabeth S. Wright, William F. Pratt, Jonathan B. Pratt and Thomas Pratt, all of this town. The funeral of Mrs. Ann Pratt was held in the auditorium of the Millard Academy, Tuesday, at 1 o’clock. The speakers were A.A. Hinckley, of the Stake Presidency, Willis Robison and Samuel W. Western of Deseret. The Ward Choir furnished musical numbers and Mrs. Jennie Langston sang “Sometime We’ll Understand”. Invocation was offered by Richard Parker and the benediction was pronounced by Milton Moody. The floral offerings were many and beautiful. The presence of an overflow assembly at the funeral showed the esteem with which the deceased and her many relatives are held in this community.

BURIAL: Ann Elizabeth Burgess Pratt in the Web: Utah, Find A Grave Index, 1847-2012
Name:Ann Elizabeth Burgess Pratt
Birth Date:11 Jun 1843
Age at Death:74
Death Date:16 Dec 1917
Burial Place:Hinckley, Millard County, Utah, USA
Source Information: Web: Utah, Find A Grave Index, 1847-2012 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2012.
Original data: Find A Grave. Find A Grave. accessed 6 February 2013.

DEATH: Ann Burgess Pratt in the Utah, Death Registers, 1847-1966
Name:Ann Burgess Pratt
Birth Date:abt 1843
Death Date:16 Dec 1917
Death County:Millard
State File Number:1917004815
Source Citation: Utah State Archives and Records Service; Salt Lake City, UT; Utah State Archives and Records Service; File Number #: 1917004815
Source Information: Utah, Death Registers, 1847-1966 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2010.

BIOGRAPHY: Written by her son, Jonathan Burgess Pratt

(I, Jonathan Burgess Pratt, by the request of Edith R. Lungston, Chairman of the Daughters of the Utah Pioneers of this chapter, do now write a sketch of the life of my Mother. I cheerfully consent though I realize this is my first attempt to do anything of this kind. There is but little of record of Mother’s life to be had, so I am indebted to my sister Elizabeth Pratt Wright and my brother Thomas H. Pratt for their recollections, which they willingly gave, of our Mother.)

Ann Elizabeth Burgess was born in Marshfield, Gloucestershire, England, June 11, 1843. Her parents were Thomas Burgess and Elizabeth Isaac. Mother was the eldest of three girls, Emma B. Reeve and Jane B. Theobald. Mother had but little chance for schooling as her mother was employed at housework for the wealthiest people in Marshfield. Mother’s duty was to care for her two younger sisters. The family had no stove so the bread had to be sent to the public bakery to be baked. Grandmother Burgess would knead the dough, sufficient to last a week and mother had to carry it to the bakery and bring back the finished bread.
An incident in her life follows:
The laws of England were very exacting and no one was allowed to play on the Sabbath Day or do any kind of work. Mother and  a little girl-friend were playing on Sunday when they sighted a Policeman and in fright they ran and found themselves three miles from home, having gone in the opposite direction. When she told Grandmother (ELizabeth Isaac Burgess) of her experience, Grandmother just laughed at her.
When the Gospel message came to them they gladly accepted it. Grandfather (Thomas Burgess) and Grandmother (Elizabeth Isaac) walked eight miles to be baptized by the Elders of this Latter-Day Saints Church. After this they walked seven miles to attend services of the Church and Sacrament Meetings. While still a young girl, at one time Mother (Ann Elizabeth Burgess) became deaf. She requested her father (Thomas Burgess) to administer to her, which he did. As soon as the anointing and sealing of it had been accomplished, her father placed his lips to her she exclaimed with joy, “Oh! I can hear.”
When Grandfather (Thomas Burgess) and family had become members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, the spirit of gathering rested across the ocean. Through the blessings of the Lord their desire was accomplished. In the Summer of 1854 they set sail for America on a sailing vessel. Mother (Ann Elizabeth Burgess) spent her 11th birthday on the great Ocean. The sailors gave her a little present which made her very happy. They took passage in the steerage deck. The food was rationed out to them; hard-tack biscuits was one of the foods served. It was so hard the little girls could not eat it, so Grandfather (Thomas Burgess) would give them his soft bread and he took the hard-tack. It was a long and tedious journey. They had bid farewell to their homeland never to return again. When the land was disappearing from sight it caused a sad and depressing feeling and it was six full weeks before they again saw land. Then it was the land of Liberty and Freedom, or the land of Zion, for which their hearts had longed. Little is known of their experiences from the date of landing until they reached the point where they started their long trek across the Plains. Ox teams drew the wagons into which their belongings were piled. The wagons were so heavily loaded that it was necessary, for all who possibly could, to walk. Mother (Ann Elizabeth Burgess) and her mother (Elizabeth Isaac) walked, and not only that, but they took turns carrying the youngest sister (Jane Burgess), who would not ride without her Mother.
When they arrived in Salt Lake City, Mother (Ann Elizabeth Burgess) was put to work in an eating house, waiting on tables and washing dishes. She worked until 11 and 12 O’clock, P.M. This was most strenuous work for a little girl of just 11 years. At times she was so tired she could hardly get up in the mornings. Later Mother worked for Ira Hinckley who was the President of the Millard Stake in later years. She also worked for John Young. He was a brother of President Brigham Young. Grandfather  (Thomas Burgess) located a farm on which were two fine springs. This land is in the same vicinity as the State Prison. It was in the 10th ward, Salt Lake City. Their home was near the City Cemetery. One night they saw a light appear and disappear in the neighborhood of the graves. About this time a little girl died and her little companion whom she had been with a great deal received a visit from her friend. The dead girl told her, that she was naked. The bereaved girl told her parents but they paid no attention to her. Again the departed girl came and told her former playmate that she was naked. Again the parents attached no importance to what she said. The third time it happened they did notice and notified the little girls parents. When her body was exhumed it was found she had been stripped of all her clothing. The grave robber was found and condemned. He was branded on the forehead, and exiled to Antelope Island. What became of him was never known.
Mother (Ann Elizabeth Burgess) worked as an apprentice and learned to braid straw into hats. While living in Salt Lake City, Grandfather (Thomas Burgess) received a call from President Brigham Young to go to Dixie to raise cotton and help to settle that country. He hastened to obey the call. Leaving everything he moved his family to Virgin City, in November 1861. There they spent the Winter in their covered wagon. It began to rain and continued for days. The range became to the country. The banks of the Virgin River were covered with waving grass, willows and trees in abundance. The floods caused by this storm washed the channel of the river and carried all the green foliage down, on its way to the Gulf of Mexico. The country had been dry and forbidding in appearance; but this flood marked the beginning of the final evacuation of that part of the country. During this downpour of rain my Aunt Emma Burgess Reeve gave birth to her first-born, a son, in a wagon box. Grandmother (Elizabeth Isaac) Burgess assisted in the birth. They named him Thomas. As I have stated they had no stove in the wagon and no place outdoors out of the rain, to cook their food. On the day of the birth, the rain did not cease for a minute all day long, until late in the afternoon, when Mother (Ann Elizabeth Burgess) was finally able to cook a meal of potatoes, bacon, and molasses cake, Oh! My, but did that taste good, after being without food for so many days. Everything was so wet Grandmother (Elizabeth Isaac) could not get dry clothing for the new-born baby (Thomas Reeve).
In the Spring of 1862 the Burgess family moved east three miles to a place called Duncan’s Retreat. It was named in memory of a man by that name who became disheartened and retreated, leaving the country in disgust. The following is an incident showing how the hand of the Lord is over His people. Grandfather (Thomas Burgess) emigrated from England and settled in Duncan’s Retreat. My Grandfather, Jonathan Blackmore Pratt, came from Mississippi and located in Tooele County, Utah. The same authority, the same man, Brigham Young, called him also to settle in Dixie. He too, made his home at Duncan’s Retreat, with his family. My Father (William Halbert Pratt) was their only son. It seems my Father (William Halbert Pratt) and Mother (Ann Elizabeth Burgess) were brought into this section of the country for the purpose for which the Lord had intended. For on the 19th of June 1864 my Father and Mother were married. My only Sister Elizabeth Susannah was born, April 3, 1865. William Franklin was born. April 27, 1867. Father and Mother made a trip to the Endowment House and were sealed for time and all Eternity, October 17, 1868. On June 28, 1869, I (Jonathan Burgess Pratt) was born. In 1871 my Father (William Burgess Pratt) was called to move the family to Panaca, Nevada. He obeyed and stayed there for two years. He then, decided it was too rough a place to raise a family, so he moved back to Duncan’s Retreat where we lived in a cellar with rock walls, until Father could build an adobe house. My sister’s (Elizabeth Susannah Pratt's) 6th Birthday was spent in Panaca.  A friend from Pioche, Nevada gave her a beaded purse with $1.00 in it. My brother, Thomas H. Pratt, was born December 3, 1872. Mother (Ann Elizabeth Burgess) had to work hard in caring for her family, putting up fruit and so on. She did all the sewing by hand for the entire family. She made overalls, jumpers, dresses, shirts, there were no machines. Her health failed. She gave birth to a premature son and never again regained her strength. For nine years she was helped from her bed to the chair and back again. During this time Father (William !Halbert Pratt) and Lizzie (Elizabeth Susannah Pratt) waited on her most faithfully and tenderly. Mother would lie in bed and Lizzie would draw the table near with the material on it, to be sewed into clothes. Then Mother would direct her young daughter to cut out the articles to be made, from the home-made paper patterns. My sister would then sew them together. Acting upon the advice of a Doctor, that Mother be given a complete change of environment and location. Father took Mother up into the mountains. While there, the family carried on an industry of making cheese and butter during the Summer Months.
Again in 1885 we had a severe and extremely hard Winter, deep show fell in the mountains with the result, that in the Spring, there were great floods which washed a great part of our land away. Father (William Halbert Pratt) made a trip to Deseret. He was so impressed with the country and its possibilities, that in May of 1887, we moved to our present location. Father procured 80 acres of land and built our home. Mother’s health improved so that she could do most of her own housework. In a Patriarchal Blessing she (Ann Elizabeth Burgess) was promised that her last days would be her best days. I have seen that blessing fulfilled. Her children have grown up around her. Two of her sons have filled honorable missions abroad, her health was much improved. Here is one promise that was given to her; that angels should visit her. I think it was about 1900, father’s (William Halbert Pratt's) health had broken and he had requested that the Elders come and administer to him. When they had finished Mother asked to have them administer to her also. Three brethren (My brother Frank, James S. Blake and Aleck Wright) gathered around her with their hands upon her head. While this was going on Father saw three men dressed in white robes take their places between each of the three men and they also laid their hands upon her head during the administration. I was away from home at the time, but the next day as I came home from the Cedars, where I had been to get a load of wood, Father came out and told me, that the night before his house had been full of angels. He saw them come through the door even though it was shut and assist in the administration to my Mother. My Sister Lizzie was most attentive to Mother. She stayed by her side, Sundays, Holidays or any other day when the young folks were out having a good time and enjoying themselves. She was always a real companion to her. Father (William Halbert Pratt) took Mother to the Manti Temple. He carried her to and from the buggy. She was blessed for her health in the Temple and was so much improved, she walked by herself from the vehicle to the house, when they returned home. My companion (Emma Alldredge) was suddenly taken in death leaving me with six children. Mother (Ann Elizabeth Burgess) came to my rescue and said she would care for the children for a month. When the month was up she had become so attached to them she kept them for eight years. That debt I can never repay. Mother was a small woman in stature. Her average weight was about 91 pounds. She was generous to all; no one ever went without if it was within her power to help them. She would share her last crumb with anyone in need.
My Father (William Halbert Pratt) died July 16,1902.
Mother (Ann Elizabeth Burgess) died in a small lumber house she had built by the side of my sister Lizzie, so she could be near her. She lived there about two years before her death which occurred December 16, 1917.
Jonathan Burgess Pratt

They had the following children.

  M i Jonathan Burgess PRATT-2452 was born on 28 Jun 1869. He died on 14 Jun 1944.

Gilbert Rosel BELNAP [Parents] [scrapbook]-2453 was born on 22 Dec 1821 in Port Hope, New Castle District, Upper Canada. He died on 26 Feb 1899 in Hooper, Weber, Utah. Gilbert married Henrietta MCBRIDE-11275 on 26 Mar 1852 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah.

Other marriages:
KNIGHT, Adeline H.

BIOGRAPHY: Conquerors of the West: Stalwart Mormon Pioneers, volume 1
Name: Gilbert Belnap
Birth Date: 22 Dec 1821
Birth Place: Port Hope, New Castle, Upper Canada. (now Port Hope), Durham, Ontario, Canada
Parents: Rosel and Jane Richmond Belnap
Death Date: 26 Feb 1899
Death Place: Hooper, Weber, Utah
Arrival: 17 Sep 1850, Warren Foote Co.
Spouse: Adaline Knight
Marriage Date: 21 Dec 1845
Marriage Place: Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois
Spouse's Death Date: 10 Jun 1919
Spouse's Death Place: Salt Lake City, Utah
Married 2nd: Henrietta McBride Date: 26 Jun 1852 , Great Salt Lake, Utah Died: 05 Sep 1899 , Hooper, Weber, Utah Gilbert 's father raised purebred race horses. Gilbert inherited a great love for horses from his father. Shortly before Gilbert 's 11th birthday, his father was killed and three months later, his mother died. Gilbert had been apprenticed to William C. Moore to learn the trade of wheel wright and wagon maker. In 1834 , Mr. Moore took Gilbert with him to New York . He was frequently abused and finally left to try to find his family. He found that his older brother had taken everything so Gilbert took his youngest five-year-old brother and struck out on his own. He found a home with a Christian preacher, where he remained until 1837 . His little brother was given to another family. After hearing about the Mormons, intrigued, he went to Kirtland where he became converted, but was not baptized until 1842 . He served a mission in New York and later moved to Nauvoo . He worked closely with the Prophet and church leaders. He eventually married and went west with the saints. Because of his wisdom and great faith, he was often called on in various capacities to give blessings and serve the church. He was active in community affairs and was loved and respected by everyone who knew him. His life history is filled with events of the strength of this good man and his love for the gospel.
Latter-day Saint Biographical Encyclopedia
Volume 2
Boyce, John
Belnap, Gilbert, Bishop of Hooper, Weber county, Utah, was born Dec. 22, 1821, in Hope, Newcastle district, Canada, the son of Rosel and Jane Belnap. He married Adaline Knight (daughter of Vincent and Martha Knight) Dec. 21, 1845. She was born in Cattaraugus county, New York, May 4, 1831, and became the mother of thirteen children. In 1840 Gilbert visited Kirtland, Ohio, for the purpose of becoming acquainted with the "Mormons" of whom he had heard a great deal. After being restored to health from severe injuries he had sustained in an accident, he became a member of the Church, being baptized Sept. 11, 1842. Soon afterwards he was ordained to the Priesthood and set apart for the ministry. He labored principally in the State of New York. He first met the Prophet Joseph in June, 1842, at Nauvoo, Ill., and subsequently passed through all the hardships and persecutions to which the saints in Nauvoo and vicinity were subjected. At the time of the exodus in 1846 he came west and arrived in Great Salt Lake Valley in 1850. He settled at Ogden, and Weber county thereafter became his permanent place of residence. Here he spent his time on the farm and in helping to redeem the desert and provide comforts for his family. In 1855 he was called as a missionary to the Indians on Salmon river (now in Idaho) and thus became one of the founders of Fort Limhi. Here he remained until the time of Johnston army troubles. He settled at Hooper in the spring of 1868 and was set apart as presiding Elder of that settlement June 27, 1868; and when the place was organized as a Ward May 28, 1877, he was ordained a Bishop and set apart to preside over the same, which position he occupied until April 20, 1888. He died at Hooper Feb. 26, 1899, after occupying many places of honor and responsibility in the civil government of Weber county, aside from ecclesiastical labors. Gilbert Belnap was a man of quiet demeanor, honest, exceedingly independent, a characteristic obtained from the varied conditions of his life. He was clear in judgment and full of sympathy for the struggling and the lowly. One of his leading traits was valor to what his good judgment considered justice and the right. He hated sham, dishonesty and oppression, was plain and outspoken and as brave as he was true to his convictions. He disliked simulation and condemned hypocrisy. He was always faithful to his trusts and could be depended upon as a true friend under all circumstances. Bishop Belnap was the father of a large family.

Levi Byram and Martha Jane Belnap
Gold Medal Pioneers
By Donald Levi Gale Hammon
1996 - Page 58

Progressive Men of Bannock, Bear Lake, Bingham, Fremont and Oneida
Counties, Idaho
A. W. Bowen & Co.
1904 - Page 47/48

Gilbert Belnap was born on 22 December 1821 in Port Hope, New Castle, Upper Canada (now Port Hope, Durham, Ontario, Canada).  He was the fifth of eight children born to his parents, Rosel Belnap and Jane Richmond, both of whom had been born in New York.  Gilbert’s paternal grandfather, Jesse Belnap, fought in the American Revolution.  His maternal grandparents, members of the Society of Friends, had left the United States for Canada shortly after the Revolution.
Gilbert’s father was a sporting man who raised purebred race horses.  It is said that Gilbert, who grew up around horses, inherited his great love for horses from his father.  On 2 December 1832, shortly before Gilbert’s eleventh birthday, Gilbert’s father was killed in a horse racing accident in Whitby, New Castle, Upper Canada.  Three months later, on 3 March 1833, Gilbert lost his mother.  Gilbert may have next lived briefly with a relative, Ichabod Richmond, about this time. Orphaned and with little education, Gilbert had been previously bound, pursuant to an apprenticeship indenture entered into on 13 January 1832, as an apprentice to William C. Moore for 9 years 240 days, to learn the trade of wheelwright and wagon maker. In 1834, Mr. Moore, who was deeply in debt, left Canada, taking Gilbert with him, first to Wilson, Niagara, New York. After a brief period of prosperity, Mr. Moore, on account of alcohol, had soon reduced his family again to poverty.  During this time, Gilbert was subjected to frequent abuse.

Learning from a justice of the peace, who asked Gilbert why he remained with such a drunken tyrant, that he was no longer bound to Mr. Moore outside of Canada, Gilbert determined to return home.  He left New York for Canada in search of his brothers and living sister. Upon his return home, Gilbert learned that his oldest brother, Jesse, pursuant to the hereditary laws in effect in Canada at that time, had meanwhile taken possession of the family’s home and squandered away the family’s wealth. As a result, the younger children had been forced to seek residence with strangers. Incensed at this injustice committed by his brother, Gilbert, still a young teenager, determined to make his own way in the world. With his youngest brother Thomas (who was at that time about five years old) by his side, Gilbert struck out. After walking for three days and only thirty miles from home, they took up residence with a Christian preacher by the name of Stone, from whom Gilbert earned $5.00 per month, part of which went towards the board and education of Thomas. Thomas was later placed with a Quaker family by the name of Sing, while Gilbert remained with Mr. Stone until 1837. During the boundary dispute of 1837 to 1839 between Great Britain and the United States, Gilbert attached himself to an American company of light horse rangers and was soon promoted to the active rank of first sergeant.  Taken prisoner and held in Toronto for nearly ten months, Gilbert suffered greatly from malnourishment and the effects from being shackled with sixty pounds of irons. On 19 June 1839, Gilbert and four other American prisoners of war were escorted to Lewiston, on the Canada-New York border, where they were released by their British captors to a cheering crowd of thousands of Americans. They traveled to Niagara Falls, then went on to Buffalo, where they stayed eight days in a hotel free of charge. In Buffalo they also celebrated the Fourth of July.

Gilbert found work in Buffalo at a carriage shop.  He remained there until the fall of 1839, when he decided to spend the winter in New Orleans. In October 1839, he sailed to Cleveland, then traveled to Portsmouth on the Ohio River. On his way down the Ohio River to Cincinnati, Gilbert met with a life-threatening experience, which caused him to turn back. He took a stage for Chillicothe, Ohio, then traveled by boat back to Cleveland, where he remained until January 1840, obtaining employment from a carriage maker named Hurlbert. Gilbert then moved to nearby Newbedford, Ohio, where he obtained employment with a country mechanic named Abner Cleveland. While residing in Newbedford, Gilbert overheard a conversation between Mr. Cleveland and a Mr. Salisbury about nearby Kirtland and the Mormon Temple. Intrigued, Gilbert struck out three days later for Kirtland. Impressed by the Temple, he ended up staying in Kirtland, first taking up a small job of chopping and then working for a Presbyterian named Crary for eight months on his farm.

In the winter of 1840-1841, Gilbert attended school in Kirtland and formed a close acquaintance with several Mormon families. He soon satisfied himself that they lived their religion better than any other people he had known. Prior to this time, Gilbert had sought to obtain religion among the Methodists and the “Mourner’s Bench.”  In Kirtland Gilbert became converted to the truthfulness of the Latter-day Saint religion and determined to join the Church, although at some future date, feeling that there was plenty of time yet to do so. After writing several letters to reestablish contact with his siblings, Gilbert by prior appointment rendezvoused with his older brother John on 10 September 1841 in North East, Erie, Pennsylvania at the home of their grandfather, Jesse Belnap, whom Gilbert had never met before. Gilbert stayed in North East for about two weeks, becoming acquainted with some of his father’s relatives. Although not yet baptized, Gilbert discussed with them principles of Mormonism.

Gilbert’s grandfather Jesse Belnap had promised to give $1,000 to the first one of his grandchildren to come see him.  Because Gilbert reached his grandfather’s home first, Jesse gave Gilbert the money, which was deposited in the bank to Gilbert’s credit. Returning to Kirtland, Gilbert continued laboring for Mr. Crary. In the winter of 1841, Gilbert met with a serious accident that fractured his skull in three places and dislocated his right shoulder and left ankle. He was confined to his bed from 23 December 1841 until 13 April 1842, during which time he was treated by an LDS family by the name of Dixon. On 12 April 1842, Gilbert covenanted before God and a witness named Jeremiah Knight that if God would raise him up from his bed he would follow the restored Gospel.  Within the space of eight hours Gilbert was miraculously healed. He continued working on the Crary farm but also continued to put off baptism for a season.            On 4 July 1842, Gilbert encountered the son of an old enemy from his youth while attending a party in nearby Painesville. As a result of injuries sustained from a serious fight, Gilbert waited until there were no marks of violence on his body before being baptized.

Gilbert was baptized into the LDS Church in Kirtland on 11 September 1842 by Alfred Dixon, and was confirmed by Lester Brooks and John Norton. Less than one month after his baptism, at a conference held in Kirtland on 6 October 1842, Gilbert was called to serve a mission for the LDS Church to New York State. On 18 October 1842, Gilbert was ordained an Elder by Lyman Wight. Before leaving on his first mission, Gilbert again visited his grandparents’ home in North East, Erie, Pennsylvania. An uncle who was a minister followed Gilbert back to Kirtland and attempted, for two days, to persuade Gilbert to leave the LDS Church, to no avail. On 17 December 1842, Gilbert left for New York on his first mission, visiting again with his relatives in Pennsylvania on the way to his field of labor. Gilbert assisted in raising up branches of the Church in the western and central parts of upstate New York, baptizing with his companions over 70 people.  His labors were primarily centered in Chautauqua, Cattaraugus, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Steuben, Ontario, and Yates Counties.  As a missionary, he worked for a season with John P. Greene in Batavia. Gilbert suffered many deprivations associated with missionary service without purse or scrip.  At the end of his mission, Gilbert walked the entire distance from Penn Yan, Yates, New York to Kirtland in mid-summer 1843, returning home due to poor health.

Four weeks after returning to Kirtland, Gilbert commenced studies at a Kirtland seminary.  When the seminary was forced to close, Gilbert resumed preaching the Gospel for about two months in and about Wooster, Wayne, Ohio, where his uncle Ira Belnap resided. Back in Kirtland, Gilbert attended school, where he boarded with the family of Reuben McBride, an uncle of both of Gilbert’s future wives. On 15 May 1844, Gilbert set out for Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois in company with three companions.  At Wellsville on the Ohio River, one of their number turned back; the rest boarded the steamboat “Lehi” for St. Louis.  Gilbert, upon learning of other Latter-day Saints on board the steamboat who, due to lack of funds, had passage only as far as Cincinnati, agreed to pay for their passage to Nauvoo if they would pay him back as soon as their circumstances would permit. On the steamboat Gilbert also had charge of three tons of groceries donated for the building of the Nauvoo House, which he freighted through to Nauvoo under the direction of Lyman Wight.

Gilbert arrived in Nauvoo late in the evening of 1 June 1844 without a single coin in his pocket; that first night he slept in the open air on a naked slab.  The next day he viewed the rising foundations of the Temple and other places within Nauvoo.  Gilbert met the Prophet Joseph Smith for the first time on 3 June 1844.  Gilbert’s account of his initial impression of Joseph Smith has often been quoted as one of the most eloquent first impression descriptions of the Prophet. One family story relates that upon their first meeting, the Prophet tripped Gilbert. When Gilbert got to his feet he said to Joseph Smith, “If you can throw me down you cannot outrun me.” Joseph replied, taking Gilbert by the hand, “Young man, we have work for you.” Within less than a week after arriving in Nauvoo, on 6 June 1844, Gilbert was baptized in the Nauvoo Temple as proxy for his deceased parents and older sister Louisa.

Soon after arriving in Nauvoo, Gilbert boarded at the house of John P. Greene, with whom he had labored as a missionary in 1842 in New York, and became a workman in the shop of Thomas Moore. Gilbert was also immediately employed by Joseph Smith to perform various special duties. He was also hired by Brigham Young to take care of his horses. That Gilbert was taken into the confidence of the leaders of the Church so swiftly after his arrival in Nauvoo reveals much about his loyalty and trustworthiness as a new member in the Church. One of Gilbert’s special assignments was to attend a meeting of anti-Mormons held on 17 June 1844 in Carthage, the county seat of Hancock County, Illinois.  Before going, Gilbert was promised by Joseph Smith that not one hair of his head would fall to the ground. In Carthage, Gilbert, upon hearing a Missourian boast about murdering Mormons, chastised the man, whereupon the Missourian thrust a hunting knife at Gilbert’s bowels. The knife penetrated all of Gilbert’s layers of clothing but did not injure him. The Missourian miraculously fell unconscious. Others called for Gilbert’s life, but eventually Gilbert was invited to sit in council with delegates from other parts of the country where he learned of plans from the gathering mob in Carthage to attack Nauvoo and kill Joseph Smith. After the meeting, Gilbert hurried back to Nauvoo, but not without close pursuit. Gilbert pushed his horse so hard that it collapsed broad-side in the mud just as he arrived in Nauvoo. Muddied, Gilbert rushed to the Prophet and reported on what he had learned. The following day, Gilbert and Cyrus Canfield signed an affidavit regarding the threats they had heard made against Joseph Smith in Carthage. (See History of the Church, 6:502-3.) On 21 June 1844, affidavits made by Gilbert and several others were presented before the Nauvoo City Council. A man deputized to take the sworn statements to Governor Thomas Ford of Illinois was waylaid by the Carthaginians. As a result, Gilbert’s real name was made known to the Prophet’s bitterest enemies.

Less than two weeks later, Gilbert was in the entourage that escorted Joseph Smith and others to Carthage. In Carthage, Gilbert witnessed at least a portion of the legal proceedings against Joseph Smith. On 26 June 1844, approximately ten men, including Gilbert, stayed in the downstairs room of the Carthage Jail all night (Gilbert reportedly slept on the floor), where they remained until two o’clock the next day, while Joseph Smith, Hyrum Smith, John Taylor, and Willard Richards were upstairs. At 2:00 in the afternoon of 27 June 1844, Joseph Smith came to the upstairs window of the Carthage Jail and admonished Gilbert and the other guards to return home for the sake of their own lives. He said, “Go home, brethren, you can do me no good.” Gilbert and the few remaining brethren in Carthage were expelled at bayonet point after Governor Ford had left for Nauvoo. Governor Ford arrived in Nauvoo but without Joseph Smith, as promised. He stayed briefly in Nauvoo, then headed back to Carthage, on the way meeting George D. Grant bearing the news of the martyrdom. Grant was returned to Carthage by Governor Ford to give the Governor more distance between him and the people of Nauvoo.

Some time after Governor Ford left Nauvoo, Gilbert and Orrin Porter Rockwell headed back to Carthage on horseback as scouts, concerned about the safety of Joseph Smith. On the road to Carthage they met Brother Grant as he was coming to relay to Nauvoo, now for the second time, the news of the martyrdom. Chasing Grant was a mob, firing to stop him. Gilbert and Porter Rockwell dismounted and took cover and waited for Brother Grant to pass before shooting back.  The first man chasing Grant fell and the mob retreated. Gilbert and Porter Rockwell were apparently the first Latter-day Saints who had not been in Carthage at the time of the martyrdom to hear the tragic news. Gilbert witnessed the procession on 28 June 1844 bearing the bodies of Joseph and Hyrum Smith back to Nauvoo. Gilbert deeply loved the Prophet Joseph Smith. It was said that, for the rest of his life on each 27 June at the time of Joseph Smith’s martyrdom, Gilbert would mark the fateful hour in silent remembrance of Joseph Smith.  (Gilbert’s mother-in-law, Martha McBride Knight Smith Kimball, requested a lock of Joseph Smith’s hair from the center of the back of the Prophet’s head. This lock of hair, which was placed in a gold locket, remains today in the possession of one of Gilbert’s descendants.)

During the October 1845 General Conference, Gilbert was ordained a Seventy by Israel Barlow, joining the Sixth Quorum of Seventies. On 21 December 1845, Gilbert married Adaline Knight.  Adaline was the third child born to Vinson Knight (a former Bishop in Nauvoo who was deceased at the time of the marriage) and Martha McBride (who earlier, in the summer of 1842, had been sealed to Joseph Smith).  On their wedding day, Gilbert was one day short of this twenty-fourth birthday and Adaline was just 14 years old.  They were married by Heber C. Kimball in Adaline’s father’s sturdy red-brick two-story home on Main Street, said to be the first brick house in Nauvoo (this home is still standing).  Gilbert first met Adaline in that home when he accompanied Adaline's uncle, Reuben McBride, to the home of Reuben's sister Martha. On 5 January 1846, shortly after their marriage, Gilbert and Adaline received their endowments in the Nauvoo Temple.  (There is no record of Gilbert and Adaline having been sealed to each other in the Nauvoo Temple at this time.)  Adaline’s sister Rizpah and her husband Andrew Smith Gibbons were also endowed on this day. Three weeks after receiving their endowments, Adaline’s mother married Heber C. Kimball on 26 January 1846 in the Nauvoo Temple “for time.”

Following Joseph Smith’s death, Gilbert continued to be heavily involved in promoting the safety of the Latter-day Saints in Nauvoo as persecutions against the Mormons continued. In the fall of 1845, Gilbert and another man, both on horseback, scouted out an anti-Mormon encampment of two thousand men. They waited until dark to return to Nauvoo and reported their findings to Brigham Young. On another occasion in the fall of 1845, Gilbert rode with 250 men led by Hancock County Sheriff J. B. Backenstos in an all-night defensive foray against an anti-Mormon mob, arriving at the farm of Edmund Durfee as it was burning. At daybreak, Gilbert and the others pursued the fleeing anti-Mormon mob. On 23 December 1845, two days after his marriage to Adaline, Gilbert followed behind the retinue carrying off William Miller to Carthage. Miller, who was wearing articles of clothing belonging to Church leader Brigham Young when he exited the Nauvoo Temple, had been “arrested” in the mistaken belief that Miller was Brigham. Following the discovery of the mistaken identity, it was Gilbert who brought the “Bogus” Brigham back to Nauvoo, riding Brigham Young’s horse “Old Tom.”

In early February 1846, Gilbert and Adaline were forced to flee from Nauvoo.  Gilbert, a trained wagon maker, had made their wagon with his own hands before leaving. He and Adaline also owned their own team of horses. Adaline’s mother Martha also owned a team of horses and a wagon, although not a new one. Gilbert took his mother-in-law Martha across the Mississippi on the prized black horse “Joe Duncan” that once belonged to Joseph Smith. In Iowa, Gilbert, Adaline, Adaline’s mother Martha, and her brother James Vinson Knight briefly stayed with their McBride relatives, who already lived on the Iowa side of the Mississippi. (The McBrides were also the relatives of Gilbert’s future second wife.) While encamped in Iowa, Gilbert and Adaline made several trips with their wagon back to Nauvoo after provisions, crossing on the ice of the frozen Mississippi before it melted. The last trip they took to Nauvoo was on the back of “Old Tom.”  By then the river ice was breaking up. When they came near the edge of a block of ice, it would tip and the horse would jump to the next block.  Thus, jumping from once block of ice to another, they crossed the Mississippi for the last time.

Gilbert and his family continued their trek across Iowa to the Missouri River during the spring and summer of 1846.  When the Mormon Battalion was mustered into service in July 1846, Gilbert’s services as a wheelwright and carpenter were much in demand. After the Mormon Battalion departed for California, Adaline drove their wagon team the rest of the way across Iowa to the Missouri River, stopping at Cold Springs, a temporary resting place on the west side of the Missouri River. With the departure of 500 able-bodied men, Gilbert was probably required to leave Adaline to help move the other Saints across Iowa.

Gilbert rejoined Adaline later in the summer of 1846 at Cold Springs. Joining them there were Adaline’s sister Rizpah and her husband Andrew S. Gibbons.  From Cold Springs they moved to Cutler’s Park, a temporary camp of two large squares made up of two camp divisions, with Brigham Young’s camp on the south and Heber C. Kimball’s on the north. Since Gilbert’s mother-in-law Martha was now married to Heber C. Kimball, Gilbert’s family probably resided in the north square. On 19 September 1846, word was received in Cutler’s Park that men with U.S. Army horses had been spotted along the Missouri River; it was presumed that they were waiting to kidnap members of the Church’s Quorum of Twelve Apostles. That night, Gilbert and George Washington Langley were sent by Hosea Stout on a reconnaissance mission to scout out the east side of the Missouri River in order to verify the presence of the possible raiding party, search for troop hiding places, and generally explore the surrounding land. A few days thereafter, the Mormons moved to a new location they named Winter Quarters, where Gilbert built two little log huts or cabins--one for his family and one for his mother-in-law Martha. In late September 1846, Gilbert received a letter through William Cutler from his cousin Mary Belnap Paine in Nauvoo, describing the mid-September “Battle of Nauvoo.”  (Mary, the closest relative in Gilbert’s own family to also join the Church, was baptized in 1841.)  Mary and her husband Samuel Langdon Paine, Jr., a clerk working with the Trustees appointed to remain behind in Nauvoo and administer the affairs of the Church following the exodus, never rejoined the main body of the Church.

After providing his family with wood and other comforts, Gilbert and one other traveled to Savannah, Missouri for wheat that had been purchased by the Church.  After a cold and disagreeable trip of six weeks, they returned in safety to Winter Quarters. During Gilbert’s absence, on 8 January 1847, Adaline gave birth in Winter Quarters to her and Gilbert’s first child, Gilbert Rosel Belnap. (Gilbert Rosel was born two weeks after two more births in the family--one to Adaline’s mother Martha, who gave birth to a son by Heber C. Kimball (this child died as an infant), and the other to her sister Rizpah, who gave birth to her first child, Martha Sarah Gibbons). In early 1847, Gilbert and his brother-in-law Andrew S. Gibbons went to Brigham Young and volunteered to be in the first pioneer company to the West. President Young told these two newly married men that only one could come with him, and that the other must stay and care for the three Knight women and their young children. At Brigham Young’s suggestion, Gilbert and Andrew cast lots; Andrew won the draw. Later that spring, in June 1847, Abigail Mead McBride, the grandmother of Gilbert’s wife Adaline and his future wife Henrietta McBride, departed for Utah in the Edward Hunter Company.

In the latter part of the winter, Gilbert was called on a mission to assist the Saints who were stranded on the eastern borders of Iowa. Two weeks before he was to depart, however, Gilbert’s eyes became sore and soon he was entirely blind. The blindness, which was fortunately temporary, prevented him from service.
In the spring of 1847, Gilbert made another three-week trip to Missouri. He returned long enough to plant thirteen acres of corn and vegetables for his family, then returned again to Missouri to labor. He returned to Winter Quarters before the harvest of 1847, where he remained with his family until December 1847. Accompanied by his brother-in-law Andrew S. Gibbons, who by that time had returned from the Salt Lake Valley, Gilbert went back to Missouri in December 1847 where he worked covering wagons until April 1848.  While working in Missouri, he built a log cabin for his family in Fremont County, Iowa, which they moved into in the spring of 1848. Gilbert also established a shop for himself and obtained all the work he was able to perform. On 11 May 1849, Adaline gave birth in Fremont County, Iowa to her and Gilbert’s second child, John McBride Belnap. By 1850, Gilbert’s family was ready to emigrate to Utah. They had secured two oxen for the trip, which they named “Duke” and “Dime,” and one cow, named “Beaut.” Gilbert had also built another wagon for their journey.

Gilbert departed for Utah with his young family, consisting, in addition to himself, of his wife Adaline and their two small sons, on 15 June 1850 in the Warren Foote Company, 2nd hundred. Gilbert served as the captain of the fifth ten. Also in the emigrant company were his mother-in-law Martha and James V. Knight. In the official record of the Warren Foote Company, Gilbert is listed as taking one wagon, four persons, four cattle, and no horses or sheep.
Shortly after starting their journey, a daughter of John Titcomb, about 10 years old, was run over by a wagon, breaking her leg between her knee and the trunk of her body. Gilbert performed his first surgical operation ever and the girl’s leg healed fine. One week after departing for the West, Gilbert and Adaline’s second son, John McBride Belnap, took ill in the evening of 21 June 1850 with a cholera plague that was sweeping the camp. At the same time, Adaline and her mother Martha also became ill. The thirteen-month-old child died in the latter part of the night on 22 June 1850 and was buried in the morning near the confluence of Salt Creek and the Platte River, on the east side of the Saline Ford (near present-day Ashland, Saunders, Nebraska). Gilbert emptied his tool chest, which was made of oak boards and which dovetailed together with a tight-fitting lid, and placed the boy’s body, wrapped in a blanket, inside. John McBride Belnap was just learning to talk when he died. When Adaline would hold to his dress to keep him from falling out of the wagon, he would say in his baby way, “Take care.”

Gilbert and his family experienced many hardships while crossing the plains, primarily as a result of severe outbreaks of cholera, which were confined mostly to Gilbert’s ten. Along the way they witnessed the disturbed graves of many emigrants. As Gilbert’s family neared the mountains, one of their oxen became so weak that he could not get on his feet in the morning. They were compelled to hitch their milk cow Beaut in its place and drive on. The wagon was too heavy for the strength of the cow, so some of the load was put into Martha’s wagon. (One variation states that eventually the cow died; Gilbert’s wagon was sold for a trifle and his and Adaline’s things were moved into Martha’s wagon.) ``Gilbert and his family arrived in the Salt Lake Valley on 17 September 1850.  Two weeks later, they were sent by Brigham Young to settle in Ogden, Weber, Utah (which was then also known as Brownsville).  Adaline and their son Gilbert Rosel walked most of the way.  The family forded the Weber River near where the old Bamberger railroad bridge was later built (where 33rd Street and the Weber River formerly met). Arriving in Ogden, Gilbert’s family first took up residence for several days within the old Goodyear Fort on the east side of the Weber River.  This fort, called by its builder Miles Goodyear Fort Buenaventura, had been moved in early 1850 by Captain James Brown to higher ground a quarter mile southeast from its original location.

The first permanent home in Utah of Gilbert and his family was a dugout on the south side of Canfield Creek in Sullivan (or Bunker’s) Hollow (at about 30th Street and Madison Avenue) at the bottom of the hill. Gilbert made all the furniture for his family, including a table from the wagon box in which they had crossed the plains. In the 1850 United States Census, “Gilbert Belknap,” a cooper residing in Weber County, is listed as owning no real property.       Shortly after arriving in Ogden, Gilbert was coming home from the north part of the settlement with his mother-in-law Martha on his wagon, which was driven by oxen.  As they were coming down the steep hill (along what is now Madison Avenue), the oxen could not hold the wagon and began to run (another version states the wagon hit a stump). Martha was thrown beneath the wagon, which ran over her.  Martha’s lifeless body, found lying face down in the dust, was carried by Gilbert back to their dugout home and the neighbors gathered around to help revive her. After she recovered, Martha said that she saw her body as it lay in the dust and at the house, as if she was standing to one side with the rest of the people looking on. After completing a small job of hewing logs for Captain Brown, Gilbert commenced planting a farm, sowing thirteen acres of wheat and a variety of other vegetables. Gilbert built a little log house of cottonwood logs (a little south of present-day 31st Street below Sullivan Road) near their first dugout home below the brow of the hill (on property later called Woodmansee’s farm), and in the spring of 1851 built over one mile of fence.

Soon after arriving in Utah, Gilbert began a life of almost continuous public service. In the fall of 1850, Gilbert was selected Marshal of Ogden by the Common Council. In February 1851, after Ogden was incorporated as a city, Gilbert was again appointed Marshal, remaining in this position until 1854. Gilbert’s first duty as Marshal was serving process on someone for traducing the character of Brigham Young and others. On another occasion, a company of men from Missouri arrived at Brown’s Fort after the ferry across the Weber River had been tied up for the night. They prevailed upon Captain Brown to take them across the river by offering extra money, but then after crossing refused to pay. A complaint was signed and Gilbert was sent to collect the money or bring the captain of the company into court. Gilbert took the captain, who was cursing the Mormons, by the coat collar and hauled him to the court house, where the captain paid all charges and was released. Gilbert, appointed as the first sexton of Ogden, attended the burial of the first person in the Ogden City Cemetery, that of Charles F. Butler in 1851.  Gilbert was released from this office on 15 April 1854.

On 14 June 1851, Adaline gave birth in Ogden to her and Gilbert’s third child, Reuben Belnap. In July 1851, difficulty arose between the white settlers and a small band of Snake Indians, which resulted in the taking of several horses on both sides and the killing of one Indian. Gilbert reportedly led a group of settlers against the Indians and the band was driven into the mountains for that season. On 26 June 1852, Gilbert was sealed by Brigham Young in the President’s Office in Great Salt Lake City to Adaline, his wife of six and one-half years, and to Henrietta McBride. Henrietta McBride, who had emigrated to Utah in the fall of 1851 and had settled in Farmington, Davis, Utah, was a first cousin to Adaline. She was the daughter of James McBride (brother of Adaline’s mother Martha) and Betsy Mead.  Her father James had died on 13 August 1839 in Pike County, Illinois.  
As plural wives of Gilbert, Adaline and Henrietta were very close. Their children were also very close. The children of one wife would call the other wife “aunt” and consistently referred to their siblings, from whichever mother and in whatever context, as “brother” or “sister.” Gilbert’s two families initially resided together in a log house located on the south side of 6th Street between Franklin and Young Streets (on present-day 26th Street between Grant and Lincoln Avenues, about 200 feet east of the present 2nd Ward) in Ogden. (A natural spring in the immediate vicinity, known as Belnap Spring, was located just east of the Second Ward Meetinghouse on the northeast corner of 26th Street and Grant Avenue. In later years this spring was used by the 2nd Ward to water the grass.) On 2 August 1852, Gilbert was elected to the office of Poundkeeper for Weber County. Shortly after her marriage to Gilbert, Henrietta lost her daughter Annetta (of whom Gilbert was not the father), who died on 26 November 1852 and was buried in the Ogden City Cemetery in the Gilbert Belnap family plot.

On 26 January 1853, Adaline gave birth in Ogden to her and Gilbert’s fourth child, Joseph Belnap.  On 5 February 1853, Gilbert was appointed Attorney for the First and Second Wards of Ogden.  Gilbert was the only attorney in Ogden during the city’s first twenty years of its history.  In the spring of 1853, Gilbert sold his farm to John Poole.  On 31 August 1853, Henrietta gave birth in Ogden to her and Gilbert’s first child, William James Belnap.  On 22 October 1853, Gilbert was elected and commissioned as First Lieutenant of Company B of Battalion of Cavalry of the Weber Military District of the Nauvoo Legion and of the Militia of the Territory of Utah.  In the fall of 1853, Gilbert recorded that he built a small adobe house in Ogden.  Presumably, this was an attachment to the west side of his log home on 6th (now 26th) Street.  The east room of this house was a log cabin and the west room was made of adobe and faced north. In the early days of settlement, Brigham City joined with Ogden in a Fourth of July celebration, which was held at the Hot Springs north of Ogden. Chester Loveland (who also came to Utah in 1850 in the Warren Foote Company) and Gilbert were picked for a wrestling match. Gilbert won the honors. At the high jump event, Gilbert cleared the bar at the six-foot level. An early family story relates some of the humorous events that befell Gilbert as a new settler in Utah.  Once, Gilbert made a harness out of rawhide. As a result, the straps would stretch and they would have to keep being tied up. On another occasion, Gilbert’s buckskin pants stretched after they got wet, so he cut them off.  When they dried, they were, it is said, “a heap too short.”

During the summer of 1854, Gilbert raised no field wheat, but made one trip near Goose Creek Mountain (in the extreme northwest corner of present-day Box Elder County, Utah) with flour to sell to California-bound emigrants. He returned with little profit; the inconvenience, profanity, and drunkenness he experienced caused him to never attempt such an excursion again. On 7 August 1854, Gilbert was again elected to the office of Poundkeeper for Ogden City, resigning in April 1855 when he was called to the Salmon River Mission. On 24 September 1854, Gilbert received his first Patriarchal Blessing in Ogden at the hands of Patriarch Isaac Morley.  Gilbert remained in Ogden during that fall and winter of 1854-1855. On 24 March 1855, Gilbert was appointed Marshall and Prosecuting Attorney for Ogden.  As early in the spring of 1855 as possible, Gilbert sowed ten acres of wheat. At General Conference on 6 April 1855, Gilbert was called to the Salmon River Mission. Gilbert was set apart as a missionary in Ogden on 26 April 1855 by Apostle Lorenzo Snow. On 15 May 1855, Gilbert dedicated himself and his family to the Lord, and on 16 May 1855, Gilbert, in company with 11 wagons and 27 men, left Adaline and Henrietta behind with three little boys and one little boy, respectively. At the time of Gilbert’s departure, Adaline and Henrietta were both pregnant. The summer of 1855, marked by disastrous grasshopper plagues, was followed by bitter cold and tremendous snows, resulting in Ogden’s “Hard Winter” of 1855-1856. It is evident from surviving correspondence that Gilbert’s wives suffered greatly during his absence. About this time, Brigham Young told Gilbert that as long as Gilbert shared his wheat with others, he would always have never less than six inches of wheat in the bottom of his wheat bin. Gilbert worked hard at helping the Salmon River Mission succeed.  He turned the first plow in that part of North America and raised the first picket of the fort’s walls.  Gilbert built cabins, constructed fences, made a water ditch, constructed a windlass for digging a well, hauled and hewed logs, repaired wagons and wagon wheels, cut hay, grubbed willows, made various articles of furniture, made articles of clothing for his children, engaged in trade, made cooper ware, carved knife handles and combs, built corrals, made saddles, cooked, fished for salmon and hunted wild game for food, made a butter churn and churned butter, made snowshoes, and constructed a water wheel for a grist mill.  On one hunting trip he climbed the Continental Divide.  On another, on a mountain east of the fort, he killed one sheep weighing 72 pounds, which he carried back on his shoulder at least six miles.

Gilbert occasionally suffered physical hardships during his service at Fort Lemhi. In the spring of 1856, Gilbert contracted mountain fever. On other occasions at Fort Lemhi he suffered a cut hand and toothache. As a missionary at Fort Lemhi, Gilbert learned the Shoshone language and assisted in the conversion of several Indians. At one Sunday meeting, Gilbert spoke to the natives in their own tongue and after the meeting fourteen were baptized. Gilbert also taught Indian children their ABC’s. Gilbert was rebaptized twice at Fort Lemhi: on 8 July 1855 and 9 November 1856. Gilbert returned to Ogden at least twice on resupply trips for the Salmon River Mission. On 13 August 1855, he left for Ogden in company with six other missionaries to gather supplies for the mission, arriving in Ogden on 26 August. While in Ogden, Gilbert gathered supplies for his family, hauled wood for the winter, and gathered donations for the mission. On 17 September 1855, Adaline gave birth in Ogden to her and Gilbert’s fifth child, Martha Jane Belnap. Three days later, on 20 September 1855, Henrietta gave birth in Springville, Utah, Utah to her and Gilbert’s second child, Oliver Belnap.  (Henrietta had gone to Springville at the time of Oliver’s birth to be at the home of her mother at the time of confinement.) On 18 October 1855, Gilbert left Ogden with 5,895 pounds of flour and 87 bushels of wheat, arriving back at Fort Lemhi on 17 November 1855 after many hardships. On 30 June 1856, Gilbert departed Fort Lemhi for Utah again, this time in charge of a company of eight other missionaries driving seven wagons.  They arrived in Ogden on 15 July 1856. During the summer and early fall of 1856, Gilbert was very busy in Ogden preparing conveniences for his family. Departing Ogden on 13 October 1856, Gilbert returned to Fort Lemhi on 4 November 1856. During the cold winter days of December 1856 and January 1857, Gilbert wrote an autobiographical account of his life up to that point.  (This autobiography, the original of which is on file with the LDS Church Historical Department, is the primary source of much of the information on Gilbert’s life from 1821 through 1856.)  Gilbert also kept a separate day journal of his activities at Fort Lemhi.  (This journal was microfilmed by the LDS Church Historical Department in February 1996.) At the close of his Fort Lemhi autobiography, Gilbert made a candid assessment of the failings of the Salmon River Mission, going so far as to calculate the tremendous amount of money expended in sustaining the remote mission outpost. What caused him the most difficulty, however, was the manner in which the temporal affairs of the mission were managed. The inconsistent application of rules of trade with the Indians, together with certain idle and improvident missionaries sharing from a common store, while his wives were suffering from want at home, caused Gilbert great sorrow.

Gilbert’s last Fort Lemhi journal entry recorded the departure of Brigham Young from Fort Lemhi in May 1857. On 5 June 1857, Henrietta gave birth in Ogden to her and Gilbert’s third child, Francis Marion Belnap. Gilbert appears to have returned to Ogden in the summer of 1857 on a third resupply trip for the mission, for on 17 July 1857, Gilbert was resealed to his wives Adaline and Henrietta by Brigham Young in the Endowment House, the same day on which Henrietta received her endowments (Henrietta had previously been sealed to Gilbert in 1852 but at that time she had not been endowed). Gilbert’s mission president, Thomas Sasson Smith, signed a recommend addressed to Brigham Young for Gilbert to take a third plural wife (which apparently had been secured for him earlier in the year by Adaline while Gilbert was still at Fort Lemhi). For reasons unknown, the recommend, dated 28 July 1857 in Farmington, was not used. It is uncertain when Gilbert returned to Fort Lemhi for the last time as a missionary. He was released in the fall of 1857 and returned home to Ogden in September 1857 with Joseph Parry. According to Gilbert’s son Reuben, when his father came home from his mission, he was wearing a pretty yellow suit consisting of a buckskin shirt with fringe at the elbow and trimmed with beads on the front; the pants had a fringe down the sides. The suit also had “red flannel trimmings.”  Gilbert was also wearing beaded moccasins.

On 29 September 1857, ninety men from Ogden, including Gilbert, were called to defend the Saints against Johnston’s Army. The troops were sent north, leaving Ogden on 19 October, but finding no enemy, they returned to Ogden on 2 November. Soon thereafter, the men were ordered to Echo Canyon. Gilbert joined with Lot Smith’s company. The horses of the Mormon militia members were said to be fast wild mustangs captured in the desert near Delta, Utah. The militiamen raided and harassed Johnston’s Army as they marched across Wyoming, destroying wagons and supplies, stampeding cattle, and building roadblocks, without killing a man. One night Gilbert, with a group of other men, quietly placed lassoes around the tents in which U.S. soldiers were sleeping, then whipping their horses, they charged off, tearing the army tents down and leaving the soldiers in the rain with no place to sleep.  Successfully keeping Johnston’s Army out of the valleys of Utah, the militiamen also took supplies to the suffering soldiers in mid-winter to help them stay alive. After serving in Lot Smith’s company, Gilbert, no longer a missionary, returned to Fort Lemhi once more. On 25 February 1858, two missionaries, including George McBride, a brother of Gilbert’s wife Henrietta, had been killed in an Indian attack on Fort Lemhi. Upon receiving word of the attack, Governor Brigham Young ordered a large relief expedition to escort the missionaries and their families back home. Under orders of President Young, Gilbert, perhaps part of an express of ten men that included other former Salmon River missionaries, returned to Fort Lemhi as an advance party sent ahead to notify the mission of the approaching larger relief expedition. Gilbert left Ogden for Fort Lemhi on 8 March 1858 and may have arrived with the express on 21 March 1858. Immediately upon arrival of the larger relief party, the express, including Gilbert, returned to Utah. During the return trip, one of their number, William Bailey Lake, was killed by Indians. Gilbert arrived back in Ogden on 11 April 1858. While he was away on the Fort Lemhi relief expedition, Adaline gave birth in Ogden to her and Gilbert’s sixth child, Hyrum, on 24 March 1858.

In April 1858, approximately three or four weeks after Hyrum was born and perhaps within days after Gilbert returned from Fort Lemhi, Gilbert and his wives packed a few belongings in poorly sheltered wagons and left their home as participants in the “Move South” on account of the approach of Johnston’s Army. Before leaving, they piled brush and straw around their home. Gilbert’s son Gilbert Rosel drove the sow and pigs. His family settled in Springville (another source states they settled somewhere between Provo and Springville) in Utah Valley. Adaline, who noted that this trip “was far from a pleasant one,” recorded that their tent was a quilt stretched by its four corners.  Their baby Hyrum was ill for many years as a result of this strenuous trip. Following the Move South (most residents of Ogden returned to their homes in July 1858; Gilbert’s obituary states he returned to Ogden in 1860), Gilbert moved his family to a new location in Ogden, on forty acres of land Gilbert had purchased on the east banks of the Weber River. (Their log house, on property located east of the river on the north side of the present-day 24th Street viaduct, was located immediately east of where the Swift Packing Company plant still stands.) Here Gilbert lived until he moved to Hooper. This house consisted of two log rooms, with Gilbert’s wife Adaline living in one log room and Henrietta in the other. The house, which stood approximately a quarter mile from any other house and only 6 or 7 rods from the Weber River, had a dirt roof and roof garden. The windows were covered with cloth. According to Adaline, a little rifle always hung on pegs over the bed.

While living at this home, Gilbert operated a ferry boat, a small skiff that would hold three or four passengers, across the Weber River. Anyone wanting to cross the river could take the skiff to the other side and tie it up, where it would remain until someone coming the other direction would bring it back and tie it up again. Gilbert provided this service without cost. While living along the Weber River, Gilbert also ran a molasses mill. People would bring their sugar cane for milling and Gilbert would take a share of the molasses as pay, which he would sell. Gilbert also planted a row of box elder trees the length of his property along present-day 24th Street. After Johnston’s Army had settled at Camp Floyd, Gilbert learned from a farmer who traded with the soldiers that there was a soldier at the camp by the name of Belnap. Wondering if the soldier could possibly be his brother Thomas, Gilbert loaded his wagon with produce and headed for Camp Floyd.  The soldier was Thomas, whom Gilbert had not seen since they parted in Canada in 1837. Gilbert learned that Thomas was in one of the tents that Gilbert and others had lassoed one stormy night, leaving Thomas with no place to sleep. In 1857 or 1858, the first sawmill, known as Wheeler’s Sawmill, was built in Ogden Canyon on the south side of the canyon and a little to the west of Wheeler’s Canyon.  Gilbert and three others were the mechanics who installed the mill. Since a road had not yet been constructed through Ogden Canyon, the workmen on the mill had to go over North Ogden Pass into Ogden’s Hole and enter Ogden Canyon from the east.

On 25 March 1860, Adaline gave birth in Ogden to her and Gilbert’s seventh child, Augustus Weber Belnap. On 31 October 1860, Henrietta gave birth in Farmington, Davis, Utah to her and Gilbert’s fourth and last child, Isadora Estella Belnap. On 26 November 1860, Gilbert was appointed Prosecuting Attorney for Ogden City by the City Council. Ten years after arriving in Utah, Gilbert is listed in the 1860 United States Census as a farmer having $700 in real wealth and $300 in personal wealth. On 9 March 1861, Gilbert was appointed Prosecuting Attorney for Weber County.  In a letter dated 8 December 1861 to his brother-in-law Andrew S. Gibbons, who was then living in Santa Clara, Washington, Utah at the time, Gilbert remarked that if he could have sold his place in Ogden he “would have moved south this fall” on account of the cold winter blasts in that part of the country. On 17 February 1862, Adaline gave birth in Ogden to her and Gilbert’s eighth child, Volney, who died on 14 March 1862 less than one month old. The second and last of Gilbert’s children to die young, Volney was buried in the Ogden City Cemetery in the Gilbert Belnap family plot. In June 1862, Gilbert’s son Gilbert Rosel was present with his gun at the Morrisite War, the only recorded local war in Weber County history, between the followers of the self-proclaimed prophet Joseph Morris and those who were loyal to Brigham Young. Gilbert Rosel took home to his father Gilbert a four-pound, rough, hand-cast cannonball as a souvenir from the war.

On 4 August 1862, Gilbert was elected Sheriff of Weber County.  He held this elected office continuously for four consecutive two-year terms, from 1862 to 1870.  (Gilbert’s son Gilbert Rosel Belnap later held this same office from 1885 to 1894, and again from 1897 to 1898.  Three of Gilbert’s sons--Joseph, Hyrum, and Oliver--served with their brother Gilbert Rosel as Deputy Sheriffs.  A grandson of Gilbert, Amasa Marion Hammon, Sr., also served as Weber County Sheriff.)  The citizens of Ogden regarded Gilbert as an exceptionally fine officer of the law. Following the “Battle of Bear River” in northern Cache Valley in January 1863, the company of soldiers under the command of Colonel Patrick Edward Connor stopped at Tabernacle Square in Ogden on their way back to Fort Douglas, where the wounded soldiers were given medical care in the old Council House which stood just north of the old Ogden Tabernacle. As Sheriff, Gil­bert assisted in taking care of the wounded soldiers. On 26 June 1863, Adaline gave birth in Ogden to her and Gilbert’s ninth child, Vinson Knight Belnap. In 1864, Gilbert grew flax on his land near the Weber River. About 1863 (dates vary between 1857 and 1864) Henrietta and her four children moved from Ogden to Huntsville, Weber, Utah in Ogden Valley. She was moved there by Gilbert to homestead land and care for a large herd of sheep owned by Gilbert. Her homesite is said to have been located across the public square from the first school. (Although the exact location of this homesite is unknown, it is believed to have been very close to the present Huntsville Park.) The home was a log cabin with only the skins of animals and pieces of cloth at the doors and windows. On 1 February 1865, Gilbert purchased 170 acres of land in Ogden Valley.  After a few years Gilbert sold the land and sheep, and Henrietta and her three youngest children moved back to Ogden with Adaline and her family.  Some of Gilbert’s sons from his wife Adaline also herded sheep on the benchlands east of Ogden (where present-day Harrison Boulevard is, between 25th and 28th Streets).

On 22 June 1866, Adaline gave birth in Ogden to her and Gilbert’s tenth child, Amasa Belnap. On 13 September, most likely in the year 1867, Gilbert, as a ranking officer, and other members of Company A of the Weber Cavalry left Ogden as an escort to meet President Brigham Young and company (who were believed to be camped at Huntsville). The party met up with President Young on 15 September at Blacksmith Fork after journeying up the south fork of the Ogden River. In 1867-1868, Gilbert served as president of the newly organized Hooper Irrigation Company. On 25 January 1868, Gilbert posted a bond in Ogden of $275, promising to build a bridge over the Hoopersville Irrigating Canal. The bridge was to consist of five stringers 28 feet long, to be covered with three-inch pine plank 14 feet long, with a handrail on each side 3 feet high, such bridge to be completed by 1 March 1868. In early 1868, Gilbert moved part of his family to western Weber County to the newly forming community of Hooper. It is said that Gilbert desired to move his family out of Ogden to avoid the corrupting “gentile” influences that were arriving with the coming of the Transcontinental Railroad. (As early as 5 March 1860, however, Gilbert and others had petitioned for the removal of large herds of cattle from the Weber Range, the grazing lands in western Weber County, so that it could be opened up for settlement.) Gilbert’s wife Henrietta and her three youngest children were the first members of the family to move to Hooper in the early spring of 1868. In Hooper, Henrietta helped her husband establish the residency requirements on 160 acres which Gilbert was intending to purchase from the U.S. Government. The land was level, with no wood or water. Henrietta and her family used a wagon box for their first home, which was set on the ground among sagebrush. (The approximate site of the wagon box was 27 rods south and 4 rods east from the northwest corner of Section 18--about 40 rods north of the present Hooper LDS Chapel at 5000 South 5900 West.) It contained their bed, clothing, and meager supplies.  Without a camp stove, their cooking and baking was done over a campfire in a frying pan, kettle, and bake kettle, using cut sagebrush for fuel. They had no artificial light, not even a candle. During the cold weather they would go to bed to keep warm. They melted snow for water or carried water from a distant spring.

During the summer of 1868, Gilbert built for Henrietta a log room. It was located on the western part of the 160 acres Gilbert was homesteading. This house later had an adobe room that sloped to the north. On 27 June 1868, the 17th Ecclesiastical (Hooper) District of Weber County was created under the direction of Chauncey W. West. On that date, Gilbert was ordained the district’s first Presiding Elder. On 1 August 1868, Adaline gave birth in Ogden to her and Gilbert’s eleventh child, Adaline Lorinda Belnap. In April 1869, following the birth of Adaline Lorinda Belnap, Adaline moved to Hooper. In Hooper, Adaline and Henrietta had their own homes. Adaline’s family initially lived in a government wagon box that was about three feet high. The wagon box was later replaced by a 10-foot by 16-foot log home, built by Gilbert from some of the logs from the house he built in Ogden. (Gilbert’s son Hyrum recalled a 12-foot square log house with a dirt roof and flags and rushes for rafters.) As conditions improved, the original log house was replaced by another log home, and the first home was used as a chicken coop. On one of these first log houses, Gilbert put a shingle roof--the first shingle roof Adaline owned--and trimmed it with some paint. Later, Gilbert built for Adaline a log home one and one-half stories high. Fifty feet from the home was a granary, built partly underground, used to store potatoes for the winter.

Gilbert’s son Hyrum recalled that his family had in their home wooden chairs, with seats made of strips of rawhide interwoven together. Their meals were cooked in a bake kettle suspended over the fireplace. The family owned a wooden cradle and a trundle bed which was shoved under the larger bed during the day. In the family’s earlier homes, Hyrum recalled that his parents slept in the beds and the children slept on the floor. In the larger home, Hyrum’s sister Martha Jane slept on some planks laid over the ceiling joists and in the summer the boys slept on the roof of the two-room house. Sometime before 1869, it became necessary to get the payroll from Salt Lake City to Wells, Nevada to the railroad workers constructing the Transcontinental Railroad. The Sheriff of Salt Lake City suggested Sheriff Belnap be engaged to take the money. Gilbert disguised himself as an old miner to avoid attracting attention from bandits on the lookout for the payroll.  The large sum of money was placed in gunny sacks tied to his horse. The first night Gilbert reached Kays Ward (now Kaysville, Davis, Utah). When it was getting dark he rode about one half mile from the main road and camped for the night. Gilbert tied his horse to his blanket so that he would be wakened if his horse got frightened. Several times during the night a group of robbers passed by him, paying no attention to the “penniless” old miner. Later on this hazardous undertaking, Gilbert had to seek water holes and live off the desert land. Gilbert successfully kept up his disguise as he encountered on the way other rough characters. It was said that he could “swagger with the best of them.” Gilbert safely delivered the payroll to the paymaster.

On 8 March 1869, Gilbert was invited to sit on the reviewing stand with other dignitaries of Weber County for an historic celebration as the tracks for the Transcontinental Railroad were laid through Ogden and the first Union Pacific engine steamed into the city. The Belnap home on the Weber River was right near where the platform was built. Three of Gilbert’s sons--Gilbert Rosel, Reuben, and Joseph--helped construct the Transcontinental Railroad through Weber Canyon. A significant part of Gilbert’s 40 acres of land on the east side of the Weber River subsequently became the rail yards of the “Junction City.” On 8 June 1869, Gilbert and 22 others petitioned the Weber County Selectmen’s Court for the creation of the Hooper (16th) School District and Precinct. That same month, Gilbert was elected as one of the first three school trustees of the Hooper School District. On 13 June 1869, Gilbert received another Patriarchal Blessing in Ogden at the hands of Patriarch John Smith. In 1869, Gilbert was again appointed City Attorney for Ogden and County Attorney for Weber County. In 1869, Gilbert purchased from the U.S. Government 158 acres of land in Hooper in Section 18 of Township 5 North Range 2 West (this land was located in the northwest quarter of Section 18--the area which today lies north of 5100 South and west of 5500 West).  In an affidavit dated 20 May 1869, Gilbert stated that he had lived on the land since 1 May 1868 and had erected thereon a log and adobe house measuring 16 by 30 feet, with a roof, floor, three doors, and four windows. He also stated that he had plowed and cultivated about 55 acres of land and had built thereon 500 rods of fencing, with a corral, nursery, and orchard. In 1869, Gilbert also purchased 80 acres in Hooper in Section 12 of Township 5 North Range 3 West.

As a result of problems with the Hooper Canal’s intake headgate, Gilbert and 121 others in May 1870 petitioned for the exclusive right to take water from the Weber River for irrigation purposes at a point farther up the river than originally granted. A counter petition was filed. The issue was resolved in favor of Gilbert’s petition in March 1872. On 1 August 1870, Gilbert was elected a Trustee of the Hooper Irrigation Company. On 11 December 1870, Adaline gave birth in Hooper to her and Gilbert’s twelfth child, Mary Louisa Belnap. In the 1870 United States Census, Gilbert, “President and County Sheriff” and resident of Weber Valley, is listed as having $1,800 in real wealth and $500 in personal wealth. In the same census, Henrietta’s family is listed separately. Gilbert was awarded the mail contract between Ogden and Hooper from 1 July 1870 to 30 June 1871, and again from 1 July 1871 to 30 June 1874. He was also awarded the mail contract between Salt Lake City and Bingham Canyon on 15 March 1872. In 1871, Gilbert had put in book form all the ordinances of Ogden. On 6 April 1871, Gilbert’s wife Adaline was made president of the Hooper Ward Relief Society, a position she held until 24 September 1907--a period of 36 years. While Adaline served as president, a Relief Society Hall was constructed in Hooper. On 5 February 1872, Gilbert was elected as one of eight delegates from Weber County to attend the State Constitutional Convention that convened in Salt Lake City on 19 February 1872 for the purpose of framing a Constitution and taking preparatory steps for the admission of Utah into the Union as a State. On 4 March 1872, Gilbert was appointed Census Taker for the 17th Ecclesiastical (Hooper) District.

On 1 April 1873, Gilbert was appointed as County Court Selectman for Weber County to fill the vacancy left by Henry Holmes.  He was qualified on 10 May 1873.  On 4 August 1873, Gilbert was elected to the office of County Court Selectman for Weber County.  He held this office until 1876, when he became Weber County Assessor and Collector.  Also on 4 August 1873, Gilbert was again elected to the office of Trustee for the Hooper Irrigation Company. On 17 May 1874, Gilbert received notice of a meeting to be held two days later to establish the United Order in Hooper. On 5 June 1874, Adaline gave birth in Hooper to her and Gilbert’s thirteenth and last child, Lola Almira Belnap. At the time of birth of his last child, Gilbert was 52 years old. In later years, while living in Utah, Gilbert corresponded with his brothers and sister. Despite the untimely deaths of his parents and the great distances that ultimately separated him from his family, Gilbert and his siblings were able to keep in touch with each other. On 6 October 1874, Gilbert was called to serve his third and final mission--a genealogy mission--to the United States. He left Ogden on 7 November 1874 and visited relatives in Iowa, Michigan, Illinois, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Canada. In Iowa, Gilbert visited Samuel Langdon Paine, Jr., the husband of his cousin Mary. In Michigan, Gilbert visited his brother John in Grand Rapids. He also made a trip to Chicago. In Ohio, Gilbert stopped to see the Kirtland Temple once more. He also visited his sister-in-law, Almira Knight Stoddard Hanscom, who had apostatized from the Church, and other McBride relatives. Gilbert visited his sister, Phoebe R. Belnap Wilson, in Williamsport, Lycoming, Pennsylvania, and may also have visited his brothers Jesse and William in Canada. In addition to contacting relatives, Gilbert also spent time preaching about the virtues of Utah and Mormonism. Gilbert returned home to Hooper in March 1875.

While in Pennsylvania on his mission, Gilbert attempted to draw out the $1,000, plus interest, that had been deposited on his behalf by his grandfather, Jesse Belnap. To Gilbert’s surprise, the money had been withdrawn by some of his other relatives. They had signed a paper stating that Gilbert was dead, because they hadn’t heard from him in such a long time. Gilbert chose not to sue his relatives to collect the money. On 25 June 1876, Gilbert was rebaptized in Hooper by Lester J. Herrick; he was confirmed by Franklin D. Richards. On 16 October 187

ilbert and his wife Adaline left Hooper with three of their daughters, Adaline, Mary, and Lola, for a trip to Beaver and Southern Utah to visit Gilbert’s brother Thomas, who was stationed there at the time as a soldier at Fort Cameron. They returned to Hooper on 3 January 1877. On 28 May 1877, the Weber Stake was reorganized. On that day the Hooper Ward was organized under the direction of Elder Franklin D. Richards. Gilbert, who had been serving as Presiding Elder in Hooper since 1868, was ordained the first Bishop of the Hooper Ward and a High Priest. One month later, the South Hooper Ward, comprising that portion of the settlement of Hooper that lay in Davis County, was split off and made a separate ward.

The story is told while Gilbert was serving as Bishop that two men in the ward started quarreling over a plow that one said the other broke. A Teacher’s Trial was held, and then a Bishop’s Trial. As Bishop, Gilbert listened to their story, each in turn, for hours. Finally, he said, “Brother Stone, how much would it cost to fix that plow?” Brother Stone hesitated, then said, “25 cents.” Gilbert gave him 25 cents and said, “Let us go home.” About four months later, Brother Stone came to Gilbert and said, “Bishop, will you take this quarter back?” Gilbert said “No.”  Brother Stone said, “It burns my pocket.”  Gilbert replied, “Let it burn your conscience so you will never quarrel over such trifles again.” As Bishop, Gilbert was called at all times day and night to administer to the sick.  Many were healed and devils cast out under his administration. Near the end of Gilbert’s tenure as Bishop, construction began on Hooper’s first brick meetinghouse. (This building was remodeled in 1913 and torn down in 1952.) In 1877 and 1878, Gilbert served as Weber County Assessor and Collector, at an annual salary of $1,000.  During 1879 and 1880, this office was divided by the county court into two offices, during which years Gilbert served only as County Collector. In 1881, the offices were again combined, and Gilbert served as County Assessor and Collector until March 1882, when the office was given to his son Hyrum. On 3 April 1882, Hyrum appointed his father Gilbert to be Deputy Assessor and Collector for Weber County. Gilbert continued tax collection while Hyrum was in Salt Lake City attending the University of Deseret.

Gilbert and Adaline’s last home in Hooper was a two-story adobe structure, built in 1880. It replaced a log house that was about the same size. On the ground level were two bedrooms, a living room, a kitchen, and two porches. Two additional bedrooms were upstairs. On his farm in later years, Gilbert had a pond measuring approximately 14- by 20-feet that was filled with fish. He also had many beehives near a large orchard of about two hundred trees, as well as a large lucern field, pigs, cows, chickens, and geese, which were stripped of their feathers and the feathers used for beds and pillows.

In a letter, dated 11 August 1880, to his son Hyrum who was serving a mission to the Southern States, Gilbert wrote “My health has not been better for years . . . My wheat crop is better now than it has been for years past. In the family we will raise not far from two thousand bushels of grain and have harvested all within ourselves.” In another letter to Hyrum, dated 22 December 1881, Gilbert wrote: “Fifty-nine years ago today I made my first mark in the earth and however varied it may have been in early life, it certainly has not been an evil one. While the strength of manhood in my poor way has been devoted to the building up of the Kingdom of God on the earth, and ere feeble steps shall mark my future course, or the light that sparkles from my dark eyes shall go out and gray hairs crown my brow, may the influence that I have and the Priesthood that I bear be used to induce my posterity to seek first the Kingdom of God and its future greatness on the earth.”

In 1882, Gilbert’s mother-in-law Martha came back to Ogden and kept house for Gilbert’s girls while they went to high school. In 1883, Martha moved to Hooper to stay with the wife of Gilbert’s son Joseph while he was away on an LDS mission. She appears to have remained in Hooper continually thereafter, living in a room of her own in Gilbert and Adaline’s house, where she remained until her death in 1901.  Gilbert always referred to Martha as “mother.” When the first brass band was organized in Hooper, with Robert Cox as band leader, the band memorized two tunes, “Nearer My God To Thee” and “Home Sweet Home.” Gilbert’s daughter Mary related that when she was 13 years old (about 1883), the band came to their home to play for her father. The band members stood outside and played those two tunes. The family members were all in bed, but they got dressed and Gilbert invited them into the house, where they played those tunes over and over again at Gilbert’s request. After inquiring if their instruments were paid for, Gilbert learned they were only partly paid for. Gilbert said, “Now boys, I’ll tell you what let’s do.  In the morning you all get in your wagon; come here at nine o’clock and I will take my team and wagon and we will go from house to house and play those two tunes and I will ask for donations to pay for your instruments.” By five o’clock in the afternoon there were five wagon loads of wheat donated. When sold, it paid for the instruments and a beautiful navy blue suit and helmet for each of the sixteen band members. Each new tune the band learned, they came and played it for Gilbert.

Gilbert served as Bishop of the Hooper Ward until 20 April 1888, when he resigned because of failing health resulting from a paralytic stroke he had in 1874. He had served continuously as Presiding Elder and Bishop in Hooper for almost twenty years. Only one of Gilbert’s children, his son Hyrum, followed Gilbert’s example of plural marriage. In the early 1890s, both before and after the Manifesto, Hyrum’s second wife Anna Constantia Bluth Belnap hid on occasion at Gilbert’s home in Hooper to avoid harassment. On 21 December 1895, a large fiftieth wedding anniversary celebration was held at the old Amusement Hall in Hooper in honor of Gilbert and his wives. Approximately 200 were in attendance. Like their husband, Gilbert’s wives were also engaged in public service. Adaline, in addition to her service as Relief Society President in Hooper for 36 years, was the only doctor and midwife in western Weber County for many years, continuing her practice until she was 70 years old. Henrietta had a natural ability to teach. She taught the first school in Hooper, initially in her home and later in a log room a short distance west of her home.

In the summer of 1897, Gilbert’s wife Henrietta went with her son Oliver and his family to Moreland, Idaho. In November 1898, Henrietta’s health failed and she returned to Hooper. She went to live with her daughter Isadora in Hooper, where she remained until her death. Gilbert passed away at his home in Hooper in the afternoon of 26 February 1899 at the age of 77 years after an illness of about a year from which he had partially recovered but then relapsed. At the time of his death there were present at his bedside three daughters and six sons, his two wives, and his aged mother-in-law Martha. Shortly before he passed away, Gil­bert, according to his son Hyrum, gave the following advice to his sons: “Now then boys, whatever thing you do or enter into must be done on the square, no underhand work or chicanery. If you do, it will fall through and you will come out worse in the end than you were in the beginning.” Gilbert’s funeral was held on 2 March 1899 in the Hooper Ward chapel. Speakers were Austin Cravath Brown (son of Alfred Brown, who traveled to Utah in 1850 in Gilbert’s ten and died of cholera shortly before Gilbert’s son John McBride Belnap died), Charles Parker (Gilbert’s counselor in the Hooper Ward), Henry W. Gwilliam, Bishop Robert McFarland of West Weber, and Bishop William W. Child, who succeeded Gilbert as Bishop of the Hooper Ward.  Opening and closing prayers were offered by George H. Fowers and Anthon C. Christensen, respectively. A funeral cortege escorted Gilbert’s remains to Ogden, where he was buried in the Ogden City Cemetery.

Gilbert was described as being 5 feet 7 inches tall, broad-shouldered, with “black curly hair and snapping black (or brown) eyes and a very determined expression around his mouth.” A non-relative of Gilbert, who described him as having a dark beard, dark hair, and dark eyes, recalled that was “a fairly good sized man at least 5 feet 10 inches in height, with square shoulders. He walked briskly and was a man of quick action.” Gilbert was also said to be kind and thoughtful in his disposition and very slow to get angry. Gilbert’s daughter Mary never remembered hearing her father speak a cross word in her life. Rather, if he were angry or annoyed, he would always say, “It beats the devil.” On 5 September 1899, six months after Gilbert’s death, Gilbert’s wife Henrietta passed away in Hooper at the home of her daughter Isadora at the age of 78 of stomach cancer. Her funeral was held in the Hooper Ward chapel and she was buried in the Ogden City Cemetery, next to her pioneer husband of 46 years.

Gilbert’s last surviving wife, Adaline, lived with several of her daughters in Idaho and Salt Lake City, until she died 10 June 1919 in Salt Lake City. Her funeral was held in the Hooper LDS meetinghouse at which Apostle David O. McKay spoke. She was buried on 15 June 1919 in the Ogden City Cemetery, next to her pioneer husband of 53 years. Gilbert, survived at the time of his death by his two wives and 15 of his 17 children, eventually had 160 grandchildren, the last of whom was born in 1920.  (Gilbert’s wife Adaline also reared to adulthood a boy, Eli Roy Stoddard, whose mother had died shortly after he was born.) Gilbert instilled in all of his children his own strong sense of patriotism, devotion to principle, and intense dedication to the Restored Gospel of Jesus Christ. All of Gilbert’s children who lived to adulthood were sealed in the Endowment House or an LDS Temple and had large families of their own. His descendants, who now number approximately 9,000, have been born in almost every state of the Union and in at least a dozen foreign countries. Many have excelled in medicine, law, business and finance, sports, government, music, and art.  Most remain active in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

The Belnap Family Organization, which represents all descendants of Utah Pioneer Gilbert Belnap, is today one of the oldest and largest non-profit family organizations in the United States. Over the past century, temple work, books, and other major genealogical research and restoration projects have been completed through the Belnap Family Organization. Gilbert’s descendants continue to gather at bi-annual reunions, having held their first family reunion in Hooper in 1904.  The Belnap Family Organization publishes annually the Belnap Family Crier. In 1968, the Belnap Family Organization was awarded a Certificate of Honor for “Best Family Organization Setup” by the LDS Church. Members of the Belnap Family Organization remain active in preserving, perpetuating, and promoting an understanding of Gilbert Belnap’s tremendous pioneer heritage.
(Written by Brent J. Belnap.  Submitted on behalf of the Belnap Family Organization to the Sons of Utah Pioneers in 1996.) -

MEDIA: Photos from the Belnap Family Organization Photo Section
D0261 - Gilbert Belnap (Spouse of Adeline Knight)
D0269 - Gilbert Belnap (Spouse of Adeline Knight)
D0381 - Gilbert Belnap with wives Adaline Knight and Henrietta McBride, Adaline's sister Rizpah Knight Gibbons and mother Martha McBride Knight

OCCUPATION: Ogden Standard Examiner Dated Sunday February 3 1924
On another occasion, Mr. Bel;nap relates how a traveling snake show was stopping in Ogden and a theft of $500.00 in gold occurred. The side show people were suspected, but no proof could be found against them, so the monster snake and its cage were taken into custody, awaiting developments. Meanwhile one of the itinerant show folk caught a train for the east, but arriving at Echo took the branch line to Park City. Mr. Belnap quietly trailed along and watched every move. When the suspect made friends with Mr. Belnap and attempted to have him cash a gold piece he made the arrest and search produced the $500.00 in gold.

Ogden Standard Examiner Dated Sunday February 3 1924
Mr. Belnap tells of another incident in his own words. “One time a dangerous gunman held up a saloon here and was suspected of having taken part in several Nevada train robberies, With his partner the outlaw rode off through Ogden canyon up South Fork, through Beaver and over to Monte Christo, with myself and a deputy trailing them. On noticing one of the bandits just as he topped a ridge ahead, we separated and I got off my horse and walked on leading it. Pretty soon I came on a horse standing in a clump of brush and knew then that the rider, who was one of the men I wanted, was near. I had two guns with me, a 38 caliber and a 44 caliber, as I had to be prepared. The bandits had sworn to kill me on sight. Knowing that he must have me covered I walked on slowly, trying to figure out where the man was hidden. I took my 38 revolver and removed three shells, so that the hammer would strike three empty chambers in the cylinder before hitting a bullet. Then I shouted the man’s name several times and asked him to surrender, He yelled back a curse and said that my time had come because he had the drop on me. So I agreed to give up and he walked out in the open never suspecting my ruse, keeping me covered with his rifle. I handed him my pistol and he laid down his rifle, and then commenced to pull the trigger, not knowing I had another gun on me. The hammer had fallen twice, and was raising for the fatal shot when I drew and ordered him to throw up his hands. Thinking the gun was empty he did so. I tied his hands with bailing wire and brought him back. His partner went on into Idaho. I went up to Montpelier some time later and while a Fourth of July celebration was going on I saw my man. He had three fingers off on one hand and always wore gloves. I got the drop on him before he could pull his weapon and took him over to the sheriff of that county, who wanted to let him go, because the bandit had worked for him on him on his ranch. I refused and put a guard over the outlaw. The other sheriff and myself then searched the bandits shack and found two complete sets of burglar tools and postal receipts that showed the man to be the robber of the Montpelier post office a short time before. He also had a herd of stolen horses that he had gathered up in Utah and was wanted for horse stealing. We found his safe cracking tools tied with a wire and let down between a hollow wall. The government sent him to prison for robbing the mail.

Ogden Standard Examiner Dated Sunday February 3 1924
Mr. Belnap says he found it necessary to shoot a man on one occasion, when a bunch of desperadoes resisted arrest at Hot Springs, when the man he went to arrest reached for his gun he fired wounding the criminal, who afterwards recovered. I don’t believe in giving plans away to the criminals by getting a lot of publicity like the modern day officers of the law. I seldom told anyone what my plans were and then quietly went ahead and told about it after I had my man. Its is bad policy to tell all your clues and then wonder why your criminal gets away. Still active although he is 77 years of age. Mr. Belnap is to be seen on the streets of Ogden every day and is well remembered by all the old residents and many younger ones for his work in upbuilding of Ogden, by enforcing the law and order in so able a manner.

Ogden Standard Examiner Dated Sunday February 3 1924
Mr. Belnap was present at the Morristown war, when the territorial militia, under the command of Dan Gamble, surrounded the town that is now known as Uintah in the valley of the Weber river about seven miles south of Ogden. Mr. Belnap says that the artillery for the occasion was furnished by Weber county, in charge of Thomas Wordsworht and others. Although but a youth Gilbert ,as he was known, had a gun along and was on hand for the fight. He relates an interesting incident that occurred during the siege of the town. While the rifle fire was going on a cannon on the south side of the valley was fired and the ball tore through the barricade erected by the Morristies and came bounding along near the spot where Gilbert was stationed in the brush. As the ball spent itself he ran forward to pick it up, although in instant danger of his life, with musket shot rattling around him. He explained he wanted the ball to melt up and make bullets and was woefully disappointed to find that it was cast iron. Commander Gamble later traded him some powder, bullets and caps for his muzzle loading gun in exchange for the cannon ball and it now reposes in a Salt Lake museum. An other incident as he related in his own words. “ A man named William Pidcock had a white shirt on at the time of the battle and seemed to be attracting all the fire of the Morrisities, because they could see him so plainly on the north side of the bluff above Uintah. As soon as the commander noticed Pidcock’s predicament he sent a bunch of men over and they pulled his shirt off and saved his life. About 11 o’clock in the morning George and Al Richardson made a dash for the closet cabin and reached it safety, while a third man, whose name I do not recall was killed in the attempt to cross on opening visible to the enemy. Soon the fighting ended and Joseph Morris, the leader, with his chief counselor was killed with others. A woman member of the group had her jaw shot away with a cannon ball. After the battle Morris followers scattered and caused no more trouble.

Ogden Standard Examiner Dated Sunday February 3 1924
Mr. Belnap tells of the only lynching that ever occurred in Ogden. “On the night I got back from my mission in 1884 I walked up twenty-fifth street and over near the jail there a man was hanging from a pole where he had been strung up a short time before. Calling the jailer’s attention, he looked out and was as surprised as I was, for the mob had done its work so quietly and effectively that none of the officers had been aroused. The victim was a Japanese who had killed a white woman in a fit of anger, and unceremoniously a group took him, I am told, and lynched within a few minutes after the crime was committed.

Transcribe from a paper clipping in the scrape book of Maud Belnap Kimball
An Escaped Convict Captured in Butte.
Last evening Sheriff Belnap returned from Butte, to which place he went a few days ago with the intention of securing Bill Bean, a notorious confidence scoundrel, who broke jail here in the early part of 1885. Bean it will be remembered was sentenced by the Judge of the First District Court to one year’s imprisonment for playing the confidence game on one Thompson. Nothing was heard of him till a few days ago when Sheriff Belnap received information that a man answering Bean’s description was in custody at the that place and that they would hold him for the reward which had been offered for Bean’s apprehension. Sheriff Belnap repaired to Butte, but during the time of his transit another serious charge was developed against the culprit. He in conjunction with a confederate, have been engaged in a gold brick swindle and now he is on his trial for this offense which, if proven, and undoubtedly it will be, will result in his imprisonment for a much longer period than that which he has to serve in Weber County, jail. The last charge against Bean was developed while the sheriff was en route to Butte, the victim of Beans perfidy, having identified him as the oily-tongued rascal who sold him a worthless lump of metal for $1,500.00. The trial of the men was in progress when Sheriff Belnap left for home. Bean’s confederate is one E. F. Page, and a Butte paper in commenting on this cased says: The arrest of Page in connection with an affair of this kind is a surprise to the community, as he has hitherto borne a fair reputation. Since the arrest of Shaw it has been learned that his real name is Wm. Bean, and he is an old timer at his business. Judge Keithly, of Butte , remembers the gentlemen well and defended him on criminal charges in Salt Lake on several occasions, and it is said Bean was once arrested in Helena on a charge of high way robbery, but the jury failed to convict him.

Henrietta MCBRIDE [Parents] [scrapbook]-11275 was born on 1 Sep 1821 in York, Livingston, New York. She died on 5 Sep 1899 in Hooper, Weber, Utah. She was buried in Ogden City Cemetary, Ogden, Weber, Utah. Henrietta married Gilbert Rosel BELNAP-2453 on 26 Mar 1852 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah.

MEDIA: D0381 - Henrietta McBride with husband Gilbert Belnap, sister wife Adaline Knight, Adaline's sister Rizpah Knight Gibbons and mother Martha McBride Knight
D0796 - Henrietta McBride Belnap 2nd wife of Gilbert Belnap

They had the following children.

  F i
Annetta McBride BELNAP [scrapbook]-11276 was born on 16 Apr 1851 in Council Bluff, Pottawattmie, Iowa. She died on 26 Nov 1852 in Ogden, Weber, Utah. She was buried in Ogden City Cemetary, Ogden, Weber, Utah.
  M ii William James BELNAP-11277 was born on 31 Aug 1853. He died on 20 Dec 1932 from Cerebral Hemorhage - Arterioscleriosis.
  M iii Oliver BELNAP-11278 was born on 20 Sep 1855. He died on 30 Mar 1929 from Lobar pneumonia.
  M iv Francis Marion BELNAP-11279 was born on 5 Jun 1857. He died on 15 Dec 1932.
  F v Isadora Estella BELNAP-11280 was born on 31 Oct 1860. She died on 3 Jan 1931.

Rosel Roswell BELNAP [Parents]-7175 was born on 4 Jan 1789 in Port Hope, Durham, Ontario. He died on 2 Dec 1832 in Whitby, New Castle, Upper Canada. Rosel married Jane RICHMOND-7176.

Jane RICHMOND-7176 was born in 1782 in Nine Partners, Dutchess, New York. She died on 3 Mar 1833 in Whitby, New Castle, Upper Canada. Jane married Rosel Roswell BELNAP-7175.

They had the following children.

  M i Gilbert Rosel BELNAP-2453 was born on 22 Dec 1821. He died on 26 Feb 1899.
  M ii Jesse BELNAP-11286 was born on 5 Jan 1807. He died on 5 Nov 1887.
  F iii Phebe Rebeckah BELNAP-11287 was born on 22 Oct 1812. She died on 18 Mar 1888.
  M iv John C. BELNAP-11288 was born on 5 Feb 1820. He died on 20 Dec 1898.
  M v James Cardinell BELNAP-11292 was born on 31 Dec 1824. He died on 21 Oct 1860.
  M vi
Thomas Derlin BELNAP [scrapbook]-11290 was born on 1 Aug 1829 in Port Hope, Durham, Ontario. He died in Jan 1880 in Matto Island, South Spain.

MEDIA: D0599 - Thomas Derlin Belnap taken in the 1800's
D0738 - Thomas Derlin Belnap (taken in Salt Lake City, Utah, by C.W. Carter Co.)

Camden KNIGHT [Parents] [scrapbook]-2455 was born in Apr 1830 in Lodi, Cattaraugus, New York. He died on 18 Nov 1897 in Kankakee, Kankakee, Illinois. He was buried in Mound Grove Cemetery, Kankakee, Kankakee, Illinois. Camden married Emma WINES-2876.

BIOGRAPHY: Had a sheriffs sale against Oliver F. Harris on 15 Jul 1859 in Coles County,Illinois

The Kankakee Gazette January 14, 1875.
Under the direction of Camden Knight, the Illinois Central railroad company is doing a big business this year in shipping our beautiful "Kankakee Ice'. We are not prepared to give an exact estimate of the quantity to be shipped, inasmuch as orders are coming in all the time and the supply will be made to equal the demand. Mr. Knight informs us that he is shipping 25 car loads of ten and eleven tons each per day. Probably no less than 10,000 tons will be shipped altogether. On Tuesday he had 22 teams and about 50 men at work. The Ice is all hauled from the river to the depot, a distance of nearly half a mile. All the available teams in town are either at work for the Central or Sproat & Son. Mr. Knight is also shipping on his own account.

Private Laws of the State of Illinois passed by the Twenty-fifth General Assembly
Convened January 7, 1867
Volume II – Springfield
Baker, Bailhache & Co., Printers 1867
An ACT to incorporate the Kankakee Stone and Lime Company
Section 1. Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois, represented in the General Assembly, That Samuel L. Knight, Solon Knight and Camden Knight, their asscocates, successors and assigns, be and they are hereby created and constituted a body corporate and politic, under the name and style of “The Kankakee Stone and Lime Company,” for the term of fifty years, with power to sue and be sued; to have a common seal, and all the powers, for the purposes hereinafter mentioned; and the home office of said company shall be located in the city of Kankakee.
Section 2. The capital stock of said company shall be one hundred thousand dollars, and maybe increased, from time to time, at the pleasure of said corporation. It shall be divided into shares of one hundred dollar each, and be issued and transferred in such manner and upon such manner and upon such conditions as the board of directors may direct.
Section 3. The said corporation, for the purpose of carrying on its operations in the business of quarrying, manufacturing, by machinery, or otherwise, and dealing in stone and lime, is hereby authorized and empowered to purchase lands, erect buildings and kilns thereon; to procure and set up the necessary machinery and fixtures; to hold, mortgage and convey real estate; to construct and purchase canal boats and railroad cars, and to use and sell the same, or employ, charter or hire such boats and railroad cars, in its business; to make and execute contracts, and, generally to do any and all acts necessary for the successful carrying on its business; Provided, nothing in this act shall be so construed as to authorize said company to build, own or operate any railroad.
Section 4. The persons named in this act shall have power to organize the said company, by the appointment of such officers or managers as they deem necessary, who shall have power to make by-laws, from time to time, for the management of their business, not inconsistent with the laws of this state or of the United States.
Section 5. This act shall be deemed a public act, and notice by all courts as such, and shall take effect from and after its passages.
Approved February 23, 1867

A New Railroad in Illinois
Springfield, Ill., November 15.
The secretary of state recorded articles of incorporation for the Kankakee valley and belt railroad company, with principal offices at Chicago. The road is to be constructed from a point near the mouth of the Kankakee river, up the valley of that river, through the cities of Wilmington and Custer in Will county, and Saline and Limestone, in Kankakee county, to Momence, and thence to the eastern boundary line of Illinois. The capital stock is $7,000,000. The incorporators and first board of directors are J. Penbroke Biship, Hiram A.  Harriex, Walter Thomas Mills and Cornelias D. Paine, of Chicago; Camden Knight of Custer Park, and John D. Smiley of Custer, Ill.

San Francisco Call, Volume 81, Number 55, 24 January 1897
Banquet Of Forty-Niners
Story-Telling and Feasting of Pacific Coast Pioneers at Chicago-Last Year’s Officers Re-Elected.
Chicago, Ill., Jan. 23. – Old men with gray hair, who crossed the plains to the Pacific Coast in the days of the gold fever in 1849, gathered at the Tremont House this morning to celebrate with story-telling and feasting the discovery of gold in California. The day is known among the Pioneers as Discovery day. The parlors of the Tremont House were utilized as a gathering place, and at noon a number of the Pioneers were in attendance. As soon as one of the members of the association would come into the parlors he was met by President Addison Ballard, and a large yellow badge with the California Bear and the number “49” conspicuously displayed thereon was pinned to his coat. Many of the members were attended by their wives, while many younger persons looked on and heard talk of hardships and adventure. The menu of the dinners served was an elaborate one, but with no trace of the “grub” which was graphically described by one of the story-tellers as the fare of the pioneers in the old days. Last years’ officers were re-elected as follows: President, Addison Ballard; Secretary, George W. Hotchkiss; vice-president, Camden Knight and George G. Custer.

Los Angeles Herald, Volume 26, Number 357, 22 September 1897
Picnic Of The Forty-Niners
Chicago’s California Pioneers, All Over 70 Years, Hold Reunion
Gathered at the German building in Jackson park yesterday afternoon were half a hundred men, each of whom was 70 years old or over. They were members of the Western Association of California Pioneers, men who went to seek their fortunes during the gold excitement of ‘49’ September 9 is the anniversary of California being admitted to the union. This is the date generally set by the association for the holding of the annual picnic, but this year it was decided to hold it on Saturday. Dinner was served at 1 o’clock, after which there was speaking and renewing of old associations. Rev. J. O. A. Henry and Dr. P. S. Henson delivered addresses congratulating the pioneers and recalling the early history of California. The center of interest of the groups of pioneers was B. R. Nickerson, the oldest member of the association, he having reached the age of 84. Mr. Nickerson went to California in ‘49’ and was one of the men who framed the constitution of the state. He resided twenty five years in the California and then returned to Chicago and bought land at Thirty-ninth street and Langley avenue, where his has since resided. Among the pioneers present were: B. R. Nickerson, M. Perkins, A. P. Gilmore, J. P. Blodgett, T. P. Sayer, E. Church, Henry Storr, O. P. Emerson, J. C. Gault, L. G. Colegrave, H. C. Reardon, James Clark, H. Latham, G. P. Pope, T. Mayhew, J. W. Ridgley, A. Ballard, J. L. Davis. The president of the association is Addison Ballard, and the vice-presidents are Camden Knight and George E. Custer. – Chicago Chronicle.

San Francisco Call, Volume 82, Number 125, 3 October 1897
Passing Of The Pioneers
At Each Annual Gathering of the Old Timers Some Are Absent
Chicago, Ill., Oct. 2. – The western Association of California Pioneers held their meeting this afternoon at the Tremont House and exchanged reminiscences of the days of ’49. As the years go by the ranks of the old-timers are becoming rapidly decimated, and at almost every meeting there is a depression of spirits caused by the announcement of the passing away of one or more of the veterans. Among those who attended the meeting were: Addison Ballard, Colonel Richard O’Sullivan Burke, George G. Custer, George W. Hotchkiss, D. W. Miller, Israel Seinderman, William Mayhew, H. A. Eastman, Camden Knight and H. W. Emery.

CENSUS: 1850 United States Federal Census
Name: Camden Knight
Age: 21
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1829
Birth Place: New York
Gender: Male
Home in 1850(City,County,State): Joliet, Will, Illinois
Household Members: Name Age
S J Knight 48  
Camden Knight 21  
Solm Knight 19  
Helen Knight 17  
Mary Knight 15  
Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: Joliet, Will, Illinois; Roll: M432_133; Page: 26; Image: 53.

1860 United States Federal Census
Name: Cam Knight
Age in 1860: 30  
Birth Year: abt 1830  
Birthplace: New York  
Home in 1860: Mattoon, Coles, Illinois
Gender: Male  
Post Office: Mattoon
Household Members: Name Age
Cam Knight 30  
S E Knight 21  
Mary L Knight 2  
Emma Knight 1  
Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Mattoon, Coles, Illinois; Roll: M653_171; Page: 53; Image: 54.

1870 United States Federal Census
Name: Camden Knight
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1830
Age in 1870: 40  
Birthplace: New York  
Home in 1870: Kankakee, Kankakee, Illinois
Race: White  
Gender: Male  
Post Office: Kankakee  
Household Members: Name Age
Camden Knight 40  
Emma Knight 31  
Harry L Knight 12  
Emma Knight 10  
Fredrick Knight 2  
Mary Alexander 17  
Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Kankakee, Kankakee, Illinois; Roll: M593_238; Page: 120; Image: 241.

1880 United States Federal Census
Name: A. Knight
Home in 1880: Kankakee, Kankakee, Illinois
Age: 50
Estimated birth year: abt 1830
Birthplace: New York
Relation to head-of-household: Self (Head)
Spouse's name: Emma
Father's birthplace: New York
Mother's birthplace: Canada
Occupation: Contractor
Marital Status: Married
Race: White
Gender: Male
Household Members: Name Age
A. Knight 50  
Emma Knight 41  
Fred Knight 12  
Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Kankakee, Kankakee, Illinois; Roll: T9_219; Family History Film: 1254219; Page: 264.3000; Enumeration District: 31; Image: 0530.

DEATH: (1898 Old Settlers' Association Necrology Report by W. W. Stevens as
printed in the Joliet Daily Republican, Sept. 6, 1898,
Transcribed by Lawrence B. Peet.)
Nov. 18th, Capt. Camden KNIGHT, of Custer Park, at the age of 67 years. He was captain of a company during the late civil war in Gen. Custer's famous cavalry brigade and made a good soldier. He came to the county in 1848.

OBITUARY: Stone – An Illustrated Magazine
Volume XVI – December, 1897, to May, 1898
Chicago, Ill – The D. H. Ranck Publishing Company
Kankakee, Ill. – Camden Knight, of Kankakee, died at Custer Park Nov. 17, of pneumonia. He became interested with relatives in the development of stone quarries, and remained until 1881, since which time he has resided at Custer Park on the Kankakee River.

San Francisco Call
Volume 82, Number 172
19 November 1897
Death of a ’49 er.
Kankakee, Ill., Nov. 18. – Camden Knight, a 49-er, for many years vice-president of the California Pioneers’ Association of Chicago, died at Custer Park today

The New York Sun, Friday, November 19, 1897
Camden Knight, who was a Captain in Custer’s famous cavalry regiment died at his home in Custer Park, Ill., yesterday of pneumonia. Capt. Knight was a forty-niner, and the Western Association of California Pioneers will attend his funeral.

MILITARY: U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865
Name: Camden Knight
Side: Union  
Regiment State/Origin: Illinois  
Regiment Name: 1 Illinois Cavalry
Regiment Name Expanded: 1st Regiment, Illinois Cavalry  
Company: F&S  
Rank In: Second Lieutenant  
Rank In Expanded: Second Lieutenant  
Rank Out: Lt. & Q.M.  
Rank Out Expanded: Lieutenant/Quartermaster  
Alternate Name: C./Knight  
Film Number: M539 roll 50  
Source Information:
National Park Service. U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2007. Original data: National Park Service, Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, online , acquired 2007.

Official Army Register of the
Volunteer Force of the United States Army
For the Years 1861, '62, '63, '64, '65.
Page 12
Second Lieutenant Camden Knight, Mustered out 19 July 1861

Emma WINES [Parents] [scrapbook]-2876 was born on 6 Jan 1839 in Buffalo, Erie, New York. She died on 20 Dec 1919 in Kankakee, Kankakee, Illinois. She was buried in Mound Grove Cemetery, Kankakee, Kankakee, Illinois. Emma married Camden KNIGHT-2455.

MILITARY: Veterans Administration Pension Payment Cards
1907-1933 – Army Widow
Name: Knight, Emma
Certificate #: 480,365
Name of Soldier: Camden Knight
Type Acct: Army Widow
Service: 2 Lt. Co. C. 1st Illinois Cav.
Class: Orig
Rate: 8
Date of Commencement: 3 February 1898
Date of Certificate: 28 June 1899
Died: 20 December 1919
Bureau Notified: 17 January 1920

DEATH: Name: Mrs. Emma Knight
Event Date: 20 Dec 1919
Event Place: Kankakee, Kankakee, Illinois
Gender: Female
Marital Status:
Age: 80
Birth Year (Estimated): 1839
Birth Date: 06 Jan 1839
Birthplace: Buffalo, New York
Father's Name: Albert Wines
Father's Birthplace: New York
Mother's Name: Freelone Avery
Mother's Birthplace: Mass.
Occupation: retired
Residence Place: Kankakee, Kankakee, Illinois
Spouse's Name: Camden Knight
Spouse's Birthplace:
Burial Date: 22 Dec 1919
Burial Place: Kankakee, Illinois
Cemetery: Mound Grove Cemetery
Informant's Name:
Additional Relatives:
Digital Folder Number: 4008086
Image Number: 1624
GS Film number: 1562403
Reference ID: CN 40530
Citing this Record:
"Illinois Deaths and Stillbirths, 1916-1947," index, FamilySearch ( : accessed 13 Apr 2014), Mrs. Emma Knight, 20 Dec 1919; citing Public Board of Health, Archives, Springfield; FHL microfilm 1562403.

They had the following children.

  M i Harry Lee KNIGHT-12852 was born in May 1858. He died on 2 Aug 1926.
  F ii Emeline KNIGHT-3034 was born on 3 Jul 1859. She died on 12 May 1951.
  M iii Solon Frederick KNIGHT-4523 was born in Nov 1867. He died on 13 May 1902.

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