John KNIGHT [scrapbook]-23173 was born on 7 Nov 1845 in Lee County, Iowa. He died on 16 May 1864 in Qostanaula River (battle), Gordon Co., GA. He was buried in Chattanooga National Cemetery, Chattanooga, Hamilton, Tennessee.
MEDIA: MK1942 - John Knight s/o Samuel & Esther Lydia Coffin Knight - Died in Civil War - FAG Memorial# 66507567
Name: John Night
Event Type: Census
Event Date: 1850
Event Place: Lee county, part of, Lee, Iowa, United States
Birth Year (Estimated): 1845
Household Gender Age Birthplace
Samuel Night M 30 Iowa
Lydia L Night F 22 Iowa
Jane Night F 7 Iowa
John Night M 5 Iowa
Isaac J Night M 3 Iowa
Sarah A Night F 1 Iowa
House Number: 1062
Family Number: 1062
Line Number: 33
Affiliate Publication Number: M432
Affiliate Film Number: 186
GS Film number: 442961
Digital Folder Number: 004181053
Image Number: 00166
Collection: John Night in household of Samuel Night, "United States Census, 1850"
MILITARY: THE ANNOTATED
CIVIL WAR LETTERS
PRIVATE JOHN KNIGHT
(SEVENTH IOWA INFANTRY VOLUNTEER REGIMENT,
COMPANY D, FIRST BRIGADE, SECOND DIVISION,
SIXTEENTH ARMY CORPS)
Researched, annotated and edited by Lea Marie Rash, 2010
This short book is a tribute to our ancestors who struggled through countless hardships and sorrows in life and yet triumphed because of their enduring family ties and faith in the Almighty. This work is especially dedicated to John Knight’s sister, my twice-widowed great-great grandmother, Rachel Knight Padgitt Adams who raised nine children while eventually enduring a long migration from her native Iowa to Washington State. Her courage, like her brother John’s, is an inspiration to us all.
This book could not have been written without the kind generosity of Phyllis Schaffer in providing the contents of John Knight’s letters.
The verification of names, places and dates would not have been possible without the helpfulness and tireless assistance of Quaker historian Thomas Hamm of Indiana, as well as Lee County Iowa Genealogical Society’s researcher Frances Sprunger and librarian Mary Hull. I am also very grateful for the help rendered by all the various librarians I contacted in Iowa and Tennessee who patiently assisted in determining distances between various locations, as well as providing anecdotal information concerning place names. A special “thank you” goes to Mississippian writer Beth Jacks for her interpretations of various Civil War and southern expressions that are found in these letters. The cooperative spirit and the information provided by each of the people mentioned above are deeply appreciated because they kept my motivation for this project consistently in high gear.
THE ANNOTATED CIVIL WAR LETTERS
OF JOHN KNIGHT
The following eight letters were written in 1864 by John Knight. More specifically, they were written during the Union's Atlanta campaign, one of the most heavily troop-deployed campaigns of the Civil War, leading up to the fierce and bloody Battle of Resaca in Georgia along the Oostanaula River. Indeed, the name Resaca is symbolically evocative of death for one of its meanings is "dry river" in Spanish.
John's sister, Rachel (my great-great grandmother) handed these letters down from mother to daughter until they reached her great granddaughter, Phyllis Schaffer who retrieved the boxed hand-me-down letters out of a waste bin – her elderly mother having thrown them away prior to entering a nursing home in the 1990s. Ironically, they had become "just some old letters".
Ultimately, the above account is sadly ironic since letters from home were extremely important to John. He knew all too well that the best way to get letters was to write them, and his yearning for them unmistakably increased with each passing day. Like nearly all soldiers in the military, John regularly wrote letters home not only to express any incidents of possible interest to his family, but also to reassure them that he was still alive and well. At the same time, because he possessed a limited rural education, John struggled somewhat to write well, to spell words properly and to punctuate. Then again, he wrote with feeling. You will notice a gradual heightening of emotion in his letters as John edges closer to eventually engaging in the battle of his life.
At the time these letters were being written, John frequently addressed and referred to particular family members living in Pilot Grove in his native Iowa. For the sake of reader familiarity with them, their ages and other details are as follows: Father: Samuel Knight, age 44 (raised in Indiana); Mother: Lydia Esther Coffin Knight, age 40 (raised in Indiana); Grandfather (Lydia’s step-father): Daniel Votaw, age 81 (raised in Virginia). Interestingly, John comes from a long line of Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) on both sides of the family. In fact, his parents worked for a Friends School in Pilot Grove, Iowa. Even though Quakers have generally maintained both antiwar and antislavery stances throughout American history, some Quakers, like John, did enlist in the Union Army.
John and his siblings included: Jane/“Jennie” age 20 (born in Indiana); John himself age 18; Isaac J., age 16; Sarah M., age 14; Barnabas/“Barney”, age 12; Rachel, age 7; Mary/“Minnie”, age 5 and Elmer, a toddler who turned 2 at the time that John was engaged in combat at Resaca.
John’s quill-penned letters were first typed on a typewriter by Phyllis Schaffer in 1994. I have retyped them on a personal computer for this book. In only a few places, the reader will see an underlined blank space as an indication that the first typing was made difficult due to John’s over-crowding of individual letters in words that made them illegible or because the original ink was faded in places and indecipherable.
Introduction to Letter One
John Knight was 15 years old when the American Civil War began on April 12, 1861. Later that summer word would have certainly spread in the community that the Seventh Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment had just begun serving the Union Army. John would have gradually begun hearing a profusion of stories about the renowned regiment’s gallantry and heroism fighting with distinction in the Battle of Wilson’s Creek, near Springfield, Missouri (1861), and of the regiment’s battles in such places as Belmont, Missouri (1861); Fort Donelson, Tennessee (1862); Shiloh, Tennessee (1862); and Corinth, Mississippi (1862) among scores of others.
Throughout the Civil War the political sentiment in John’s small home town of Pilot Grove remained powerful and intense. On February 20, 1864 when Lieutenant Colonel J.C. Parrot arrived in Keokuk with his regiment, word must have spread quickly for two days later, and despite his beloved parents’ distress, John left his farm work to enlist, as a Private in the Seventh Iowa Infantry Volunteer Regiment of Company D, First Brigade, Second Division, Sixteenth Army Corps. By February 25th, about 200 young Iowan men like John had been mustered for service. Although eager to prove himself as a soldier, John patiently endured the Army’s hustle-then-hold-your-horses policy. While the majority of the Seventh Iowa Regiment had left Keokuk on February 27th by steamboat with Lt. Col. Parrot, John’s letter written the same day indicates that his troop had not been included just yet…
Feb. the 27th 1864
Dear Father and Mother.
I take my pen in hand to write a few lines to inform you that I am a well and hope this may find you the same. I do not know when we will leave keokuk there is a steam boat up here this morning and the boys all thought that they would got to go down on it but they were all mistaken. I dont care how soon we start down south although I like staying here very well we have very good grub for breakfast we have coffee good light bread potatoes molasses fried mush which suits me very well. for dinner we have all the beans bread molasses good beef that we want. for supper we have good coffee with sugar in it potatoes beef bread and molasses. Oh I will get fat as a bear I have got aquainted with most of the boys in the company and we get along fine Jack and I bunk together you must excuse my bad writing and spelling I am writing on my knapsack for the first time it goes kinder funny but I will get used to it by and by. I have not got my pay yet I think I will get it today. I would liked if father could a stayed a little longer when he was down here I would a liked to have gone and stayed with him but I could not I have drawed my coat and cap and drawers socks knopsack and canteen and but I did not get my pants nor shoes I will have to wear this pant for a while, I will leave my coats here till they can get them as soon as I get my pay I will get my likeness took about a dozzen times and send up there tell Jane and sarrah Isac and barney and pap to all wright to me direct to this place till you hear of us leaving then direct to Caire _____ mac and Jack has gone to Ft. Madison and they will be back to day we had a good time a coming down here they boys are all in good spirits a person can not get lonesome if he wants to ever so bad the boys are all accomodating as they can be they will lend a fellow any thing that they have got. I sent a little pamphlet to Jane I sent it to pilot Grove I aimed to send it to St. Paul but did not. I will send my letters all to St. Paul. So no more at present I remain thy affectionate son John Knight
To Lydia Esther Knight
PS. I forgot to say please write soon 1864
Upon finding himself in Tennessee, John compares aspects of it to his familiar Iowa. Four of John’s letters from this point onward make varying references to John’s bunkmate Jack, the men in Company D, and Nathan who all kindle mild concern because of sickness. Illness and infirmity were typical of farm boys new to the army. Young men from rural areas commonly led a sheltered life and did not build up a great deal of natural resistance to infection. After bunking together under the same roof, frequently many would develop potentially serious attacks of flu, chills (ague), mumps, measles, etc. Somewhat paradoxically, John’s regiment soon encounters a scarred battlefield, which quickly prompts touching self-reflection and sobering contemplation of the hereafter in John…
Camp Gale richmond Creek Middle Tennessee
March the 10th 64
Dear mother and father
I take the present opportunity of writing you a few lines to inform you that I am in good health and sincerely hope that these few lines may find you and all the rest of the family enjoying the same blessing I have wrote you five letters and have not received any answer as yet from them but I thought that I would write again. I like the looks of the Country down here very well as far as I have seen it only it is too hilly to suit me. The leaves have not Came out on the trees yet nor there is not any farming a going on here just yet the weather is Cloudy and looks like rain today I hope is will not rain for I don’t like it much. we are camped on a nice little Creek there is a mill on it but there is not much custom that comes there I was down to the mill to day and looked at the wheat that was brought in to grind it was very poor wheat it did not look much like the wheat that is brought to mill up there in Iowa. I got to ride as much as I cared about a comeing down I thought that we were never a going to stop we passed through the hard fought field of doneslow and I had a fair view of the place that I heard so much talk about it looked like there had been pretty rough work there for all around the fort there was trees that was shot all to pieces I could scarcly believe that I was so far from home but it was so and if it be my lot never to get back to my own dear home I will be contented with it. For I am going to live a better life than I have done before since I have been away from home I have seen that a person does not have to be wicked to be a soldier therefore I am going to try to be a good boy hereafter so that if I should get killed in battle or get sick and die that I will go to a better world instead of a world of torment I know that I have used you dear parents very wrong sometimes but I want you to forgive me for it and I will try to be better for time to come I want you all at home to try to do the best you can in this world so if we do not meet again in this world we will see each other in another better world now father and mother what I have wrote is the truth I thought that I would write to for I was sure that you would be glad of it tell Isaac to be a good boy and write to me and sarah and barney too. The boys are all well except Jack he had a shake of the ague yesterday and is pretty sick today I am in hopes he will get along all right in a few days. I guess our company will stay here all summer if they do we will get along fine there is plenty of timber handy to make camp fire and plenty of water handy and we have pretty good shantys to live in Jack and I and a man by the name of redding stays in one shanty and we have made bunks to slleep in and got rye stray to make beds of so we get along fine. I had no way of sending my Coats home from keokuk so I brought one of them along with me I left the black one at keokuk and if pap will go downe there I expect he can get it I left it where we stayed he knows where it is. I sent only 28 dollars home I bought a wach and one thing and another and it took a good deal of it I will get payed again in about 2 months and then I will send home somemore when you write please tell me if you have got it or not well I guess I will have to bring my letter to a close for the present
please write soon
give my love to Grandfather and all the rest of the family
you must all write to me
I remain your affectionate son John Knight
To Samuel and Lydia Esther Knight
Direct letters to nashville, Tennessee
The following day, John writes an affectionate, paternal letter to his 12-year-old brother, Barnabas. You will notice his misspelled use of the Quakerism "thee" throughout…
March the 11th 1864
Barnabas C Knight
St Paul Lee Co
Well barney, I thought I would write the a few lines to inform the that I am well and had not forgot him yet nor do I expect to. I hope that these few lines may find the all well and husky which is a good thing. I want the to be a good boy and mind what Father and Mother tell the to. The must not think hard of me for not sending the that fife for I had no way of sending it. But I will make it all right as soon as I get a chance to do so the must go to school and learn all the can and be a good scholar if the can’t write to me get Mother or Jane to write for the kiss little Elmer and mary for me and tell Reachel that I have not forgot her yet. The must not use any bad language for I have quit it and intend to stick to it the must do all the can to help pap get along I hope that there will be better crops raised up there than has been for the last five years tell me if Albert has been at our house since I left or not I guess I will quit for this time So Goodby please write soon
I remain the affectionate brother John Knight
To Barnabas C Knight
In spite of a recent night attack on one of his unit’s wagon trains, John reassures his mother and tells her of his courage, good health and fitness. Protectively, John advises his 16-year-old brother Isaac against joining the army…
Camp Gale Middle Tennessee
March the 18th 64
Dear and not forgotten Mother
I take the present opportunity of writing a few lines in answer to thy welcome letter which I received a day or two ago which the wrote about the time we left keokuk also to inform the that I never was in better health than at present. Sow belly and crackers agrees with me very well at every meal I feel like I could eat everything before me I am getting fat as a hog camp life just suits me. I forgot to say that I hope these few lines may find all of you in good health which is the greatest blessing mankind can ask for. Joe Denney and Hoag Sheldon arrived here a day or two ago with two other boys. I have got acquainted with all the other boys in the company and I like them all first rate but one and none of the boys likes him but he will soon be gone home for he did not reenlist the boys are all just as kind to me as brothers they will lend a fellow anything that they have got. I was on picket guard last night and there was some gurrilas attacked one of our wagon trains and drove them in here and we expected to be attacked every moment but I did not feel afraid of them they did not for they well knowed what they would get if they did come tell Isaac J that I say for him not to join the army for if he does he will wish that he had not when it comes to marching 20 miles a day and to carry a knapsack and canteen and haversack gun and accouterments. We marched 20 miles the first day that we ever marched I got along first rate but I know very well that he would not stand it at all. and the best thing he can do is to stay at home awhile Tell Father and all the rest to write to me and not wait for me to write. for I have wrote them. The boys are all well except Jack he was sick and went to the regiment to get doctored he is about well now. I have wrote to about all the young folks up there and I am not going to them any more letters till I get answers from them now Mother I want the and all the rest to write to me don’t wait for me to write tell me all the news and everything that is going on up there. Give my love to Grandfather and Father and all the rest kiss little Elmer and Mary for me for I think of all of you everyday
Farewell for this time
I remain thy affectionate son
To Lydia Esther Knight
direct to pulaski Tenn
write soon and often
I forgot to say that I have directed my letters before this to St Paul but will hereafter direct all of them to Pilot Grove
Although short on postage stamps, John immediately answers a welcome letter he has just received from his brother Isaac. Having now been issued a rifle with some drilling as to its use, John is even more enthusiastic about being a soldier. Filled with renewed optimism, his words to Isaac have become more encouraging …
Browns Mills Tenn
March the 31st 64
I take the present opportunity of writing you a few lines to inform you that I am in good health and hope that these few lines may find the and all the rest in good health and also answer thy welcome letter which I received this evening I was very glad to hear that you had not forgot to write to me I want all of you to write to me every chance you get don’t wait for me to write I will have to dry up writing pretty soon to anybody for I am about out of postage Stamps I only got a dollars worth of stamps at keokuk for I thought that I could get all I wanted down here but I can not get them here I expect I will have to get you to send me two or three dollars worth of Stamps you can take money out of that that I sent before to get them with. Well Isaac about the fiddle I guess you had better let it stay at John Harveys for I promised him to let him have it till I come back he would think hard if the took it away the can go over there and learn to play if the wants to. Well Isaac there is no news of any account to tell that I know of Oh yes Jacob Votan. was here the other day and we had a good old time Jake has growed like everything he is nearly as male and fat as a hog he says that nate morgan. is well and is the same old four and six. Well Isaac I like Soldiering first rate we have got our rifles now and the rebs may come on if they feel like taking a brush with us. We are getting pretty well drilled and we get along fine Well I must quit for this time So Good by for this time please write soon and often
I remain your affectionate Brother
To Isaac J Knight
P.S. Direct letters to pulaski Tennessee
I forgot to say give my love to all the rest of the family and tell them all to write to me
His tone considerably more somber now, John assures his mother that he has had no change of heart over his enlistment. Perhaps the surrender of a Confederate soldier has bolstered his unit’s spirits somewhat after a confrontation with rebel guerillas...
Camp Gale Browns Mills
April the 4th 1864
With pleasure I take My pen in hand to write you a few lines to inform you that I am In good health and do cincerely and that these few lines may find you all alike blessed. I have only received three letters since I left home and I have wrote about twenty however I thought that I would write again I got a letter from Isaac the other day and I answered it it was wrote while Edd Rotan was up there I want you all to write to me where you get my letters or not write any how for I am as glad to hear how things are a going on up there as well as you want to hear from me. There was a s___ came in here yesterday and gave himself up he had been in the rebel army nearly three years and had deserted he says that the rebels can not hold out longer than one year provided they can keep their army together for he says that the three years ___ that they have got that their time is out in July and that there is is three fourths of them that Swear that they are a going to serve no longer he thinks that they will give up then. If they do all right and if not we will wipe them out and that pretty soon too. Well Mother the told me I would be sorry for going in the army I have not regretted the least that I came for I am proud that I am a Soldier of Uncle Sams army down here a battleing for freedom and the right. When this war is over and the rebellion crushed the Soldiers will have the honor of doeing it not them that stayed at home that could have went as well as not then some of the boys up there will wish that they had wore blue coats and brass buttons at least I think so. The boys are all well at present except three that went to the hospital the other day there has been but very little sickness in the company since we came here for we live on very high ground and have to sweep out and all around our quarters. We have the ground all around the quarter as clean as a floor and all the filth is halled off amile or so which makes it which makes it a great deal healthyer than it would otherwise be. We have very good grub.we have plenty of pork and beans beef rice coffee tee sugar hominy pees mush which you know suits me very well and we get milk once in a whille I ate so much mush and milk last night that I had to unbutten my pants which you all know is no uncommon thing at home Oh I am getting so fat that you would hardly know me I got weighed yesterday at the mill and you cant guess how much I weighed I weighed one hundred and sixty and when I left home I only weighed one hundred and forty five pounds. fifteen pounds gain is a doeing pretty well I think. You may think that I am a joking but I am not at all. I sent a book to Jane it was Pauline or General Mcllens spy when any of you write tell me if it has got there or not. The team has gone to prospect and I look for a letter from up ther I have wrote to nearly all the young folks up there but have received no answers from any of them yet.
I wrote Susan Dyer a ltter and would have sent her my likeness but there is no chance to get any taken here now as soon as I get the chance I will get about forty taken and send them up there and show you how old tige looks dressed in uncle sams suit. The have all got our arms now and the rebs may come on if they want lead rations. dealt out to them in short order. There has been one band of gurillas through here and captured three men but they all got away from them and the band got captured by a regiment of our cavalry and the leader hung. I guess I have wrote enough for this time without it was of more importance So I will bring my letter to a close I remain your affectionate son
To Samuel and Lydia Esther night
P.S. Give my love to Grandfather and all the rest and tell them to write to me direct to pulaski Tennessee
John Knight Co D 7th Regt Iowa Inftry vols
Ten days later, a more frustrated John writes home to his parents having not received word from them since March 16. His letter ends with his demise uppermost in his mind…
Browns Mills Tennessee
April 14th 1864
It is with the greatest of _______ that I take the present opportunity of writing you a few lines to inform you that I am enjoying good health and hope that these few lines may find all of you enjoying the same great blessing. I have despaired of getting any more letters from home I have not received any letters from up there for about three months weeks but I could not think that you had forgot me yet so I thought that I would write again. I have wrote to all the young folks up there but have received no answers from them except from Denneys boys which I answered right away. but there is one thing certain and that is if the young folks don’t want to write to me they can the other thing I can do as well without hearing from them as they can me. I received a splendid letter from Almira which I answered with the greatest of pleasure the team has gone to town (prospect) today and I am looking every minute from them to return and hope they will bring some news in the shape of letters from the state of Iowa. The boys are all in the enjoyment of good health and spirits. Nathan has had a spell of the flu but he is about well again. Jack was very sick a couple of weeks ago but is getting fat as a pig you may think I have gained a little in weight I wayed one hundred and forty at keokuk and now I way one hundred and sixty two without my overcoat on. Now I want you to write to me and let me find out how things are going on in the state of Iowa. Well the team has come and I must go and see if I have the luck to get a letter I will write more after while. Bad luck no letters for me I will begin to think that you are a going to quit writing to me It does a fellow good to hear from home and what is a going on I heard that the home guards a were ordered up to davenport to guard prisoners. I would rather be here than at davenport. Well something else The leaves are just comeing out on the trees here there is plenty of beech here right across the creek from here is very heavy timber nearly all beech some of the trees are three feet thick We burn beech all together here and it makes a very hot fire it is the prettiest timber that I ever saw smooth and white as can be there is very little hickory and oak or walnut here there is some elm and about two miles from here south there is tremendous heavy timber all poplar some of the trees are six and seven feet through and the majority from two to five through the niggers haul them to the saw mill and you may guess that they make splendid lumber and are very easy sawed. I expect pap that the knows all about poplar and beech timber. There is a kind of tree that they call green top it stays green all winter and it looks splendid now the bluffs along the creek east of here is perfectly lined with cedar and pine which makes a spplendid sight at sunset. farming is a going on here fine and we have splendid weather here. Least I should weary your patience I will bring my few lines to a close I am not much afraid of the that however I will grit for this time Please write soon all of you give my love to all the children and Grandfather and believe me to remain you affectionate son until Death
P.S.. Direct letters to nashville Tennessee
To Samuel and Lydia Esther Knight
Down with the traitor
Around the 27th of April, the Seventh Iowa Infantry Regiment had started on the “ever-memorable Atlanta campaign” headed by Lieutenant Colonel J.C. Parrot. Three weeks later, having already seen battle-disfigured sites in Tennessee, John crosses into Georgia and comes upon the eight-month-old deeply scarred battlefield of Chickamauga. Writing with a sense of foreboding, John reassures his family of his current good health and stamina as he mentally prepares for a major battle…
Camp on Chichamauga Creek near the old battle field of Chickamauga
May the 6th 1864
Dear parents Brothers and Sisters
It is with the greatest of pleasure that I take my pen in hand for the purpose of writing you a few to inform you that we are in good health and hope that these few lines may find you the same. I received a letter from Jane and Sarah about the time we left Browns Mills and did not have time to answer them and have not had any since till now. We have marched seven days since we left there and we stood it very well. I expected that Isaac would give out but he went through like a top we marched 25 miles one day was the most that we marched the rebs are about three miles from here I don’t think that the rebs will stand a fight but they will have to do one or the other before long sure for when our force all gets here we will have about one hundred and seventy five thousand men and men that is some account too. I have seen some sights since I left Brown’s Mills I have been on the battle fields of lookout Mountain Missionary ridge and Chickamauga there is trees on the chickamauga field two feet through that is tore all to pieces with shell and the trees are speckled with bullet holes I seen one grave where there was three hundred poor fellows was burried and there was old clothes and most everything a lying around yet it was an awful battle and no mistake. I and Isaac sent a vest apiece home to Ft Madison I expect that they are there by this time Joe Denney sent an overcoat there too he said to tell you to get some money from ruth and pay the express and get the coat. I want you all to write to us often for I expect that we will not have a very good chance to write for a while. I must bring my short letter to a close I will write more next time I remain in love to you all
To you all.
Direct letters to Nashville Tennessee and be sure to write often
General Sherman’s Atlanta campaign was now fully operational and John’s regiment with Lieutenant Colonel J.C. Parrot’s Seventh Infantry, Brigadier General Elliott Rice's First Brigade, Brigadier General Thomas Sweeny's Second Division, Sixteenth Corps made ready to travel 38 miles from Chickamauga to Resaca on the Oostanaula River. It was an exhausting march, with Lay’s Ferry five miles downstream eventually being part of the plan for some designated soldiersg.
On the eve of the Battle of Resaca, Union troops slept in their positions. Artillerymen slept by the guns that had worn them out from lugging the equipment across country. Infantrymen were consumed with pre-battle tensions that only brought anxiety-filled dreams. One soldier cried out in his sleep and instinctively pulled the trigger on his rifle breaking the still quiet of the night. Immediately reaching for their weapons, soldiers all down the line also groped for their gear. Apprehensively, they braced themselves for daybreak. At the start of dawn, gunfire became progressively greater and the wounded began staggering in from the front lines. Units advanced and readied for their attack.
John was likely part of the division of the Sixteenth Corps that was ordered to cross the Oostanaula River on Sunday, May 15 to threaten the Confederates’ line of retreat. Marching into battle armed with less than 400 muzzle-loading shoulder firearms, the soldiers were attacked by an aggressive Confederate brigade. As Lieutenant John A. Joyce of the 24th Kentucky (Union) Regiment described it, "We charged across an open field interspersed with dead trees that flung out their ghostly arms to welcome us to the shadows of death". Within the first 10 minutes, 61 Union soldiers lay wounded, dying or dead.
Overall, the Battle of Resaca was considered a "useless" battle with no clear victory for either side; estimated casualties were high for both Union soldiers (2,747) and Confederate soldiers (2,800). More soldiers fought in this battle than at any other site in Georgia, with it ultimately proving to be one of the bloodiest battles of the Atlanta Campaign.
As for John, he sustained severe injuries. On May 16, 660 miles from home and having served just 84 days in the infantry, he succumbed to his wounds and died. That same day, victorious Union troops claimed the town of Resaca.
“No regiment in the United States service ever behaved with more gallantry, and it was with difficulty that the men could be drawn off from a force five times their number”. ~ Lieutenant Colonel Parrot writing about the Seventh Iowa Regiment at the Battle of Resaca, 1864. - Familysearch.org
BURIAL: Pvt John Knight in the U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current
Name: Pvt John Knight
Birth Date: 1846
Birth Place: Iowa, United States of America
Death Date: 16 May 1864
Death Place: Resaca, Gordon County, Georgia, United States of America
Cemetery: Chattanooga National Cemetery
Burial or Cremation Place: Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tennessee, United States of America
Has Bio?: Y
Father: Samuel Knight
Mother: Esther Lydia Knight
Source Information: Ancestry.com. U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012.
Original data: Find A Grave. Find A Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi.