Edward Maddox
c.1615 ~ 1696

Edward Maddock was

a physician and apothecary

I do not have documented proof yet that Edward Maddox was father of Cornelius Maddox.  However, he was in Charles Co., Maryland, as early as 1668, thirteen years before the first mention of Cornelius and the only Maddox of any spelling there at that time.   I have a 67-marker test on a descendant of Cornelius, and am looking for a proven male descendant of Edward to do a simple saliva-swab DNA test for comparison and final proof.

     Edward Maddocks, was born around 1610 probably in England.   We first find Edward in 1642 Charles City Co., VA, with an unknown amount of acreage next to Joseph Royall's 600 acres in West Sherley/Shirley Hundred on James River to Dickinans Creek.  It was named after Sir Thomas West and his wife Lady Sherley in 1613 when Virginia created its first four counties.  For a picture of the Shirley Plantation, go here.  Edward lived there some 25 years.  Virginia was a tobacco colony.  [Source, Land Patent to Joseph Royall, August 20, 1642, Land Office Patents No. 1, 1623-1643, pg. 790]

     Maryland was begun in 1634 for two reasons.  Lord Baltimore wanted a place for non-Anglican Englishmen to escape to from persecution in England.  The king granted his request in exchange for the new colony growing and exporting tobacco to England.  The formal declaration of religions freedom in Maryland was made in 1649.  Charles County was formed in 1658, probably just at that time having been settled.  We begin findng Maryland records regarding Edward Maddox in 1668, and they are all in Charles County.
     The first record I found of Edward Maddockt here was on March 1, 1668 when he sold his sorrell Mare to Mrs. Amey Frankcum.  The mare was marked as follows:  "A slit in each eare and burned in the left buttock J:W:".  [Source:  Proceedings of the County Courts of Charles County 1666-1674, Vol. 60, Pg. 184

     On August 27, Edward loaned to Richard Boughton 400 pounds of tobacco repayable upon demand.  But it was not repaid.  Boughton was ordered by the court to pay the 400, plus another 60 pounds for Edward's attorney and 90 pounds for attendance at the 3-day trial.  [Source:  Proceedings of the County Courts of Charles County 1666-1674, Vol. 60, Pg. 231

     Later that year, Doctor Maddock sued Edmund Lynsy for non-payment of medical bills which he had sent him on August 10 for "divers parcells & quantities of medicines & Visits & Attendance" amounting to 980 pounds of tobacco.  Here is the itemized list:

Edmd Lynsy Dr Augt the 10 1668  -  1b
Imprimis for a powder for your Children  -  100
A Cordiall for yor sone to take att nights  -  050
It:  for 2 playsters for yor Children  -  100
It:  for 15 pills for yor Children  -  090
It:  for a Cordiall Julep for yor Children  -  100
It:  for a Lotion for yor Daughters mouth  -  030
It:  a purging apozem for yor Wife  -  100
It:  a Cordiall for yor Children  -  060
It:  a Cordiall Electuary for yor Wife  -  100
It:  to five Visits to yor Daughter & son  -  250                     980

Edmond Lynsy was ordered to pay his bill plus 60 pounds for attorney fees and 120 pounds for four days attendance in court.  [Source: Proceedings of the County Courts of Charles County 1666-1674, Vol. 60, pg. 246-247]  

17th Century physician treating a patient

    On May 20, 1669, "doctor" Edward Maddock agreed to pay to John England of Bristol, England, a mariner, 563 pounds of "good sound merchantable tobacco and caske" at some convenient place in Charles Co., MD.  Then on March 6, 1670, Edward promised to pay John England, the "marriner" another 240 pounds of tobacco in caske "to be paid upon his Owne Plantation he now lives at" no later than October. [Source:  Proceedings of the County Courts of Charles County 1666-1674, Vol. 60, pg. 520]  It does not say what he bought from this merchant marine, but I'd guess it was goods of refinement manufactured in England that he could put in his home in Charles Co., and/or fine clothing.  {See more on this below in 1674 when he still hadn't paid.  Was the merchandise substandard?  Why didn't he pay for it?}

Bristol, England

In the 17th century, it was the main port to America.

It was surrounded on three sides by rivers and on the west side by the Celtic Sea and Atlantic Ocean. 

Later Liverpool to the north became the main seaport to America.

High clifs around the Avon River

Bridge over the Avon on which houses were built.

    Edward's export business also involved Jamaica where he owned thirty acres in St. Thomas' Parish.  There he raised and exported sugar cane probably to Maryland.  [Source:  1670 Census of Jamaica at "Genealogy Quest"]   The British had taken Jamaica from the Spanish in 1655; I wonder if entrepreneurial Edward jumped in right after that to buy his fertile acreage.

   Back in Maryland, on April 28, 1670, Thomas Allanson signed a note to repay Edward Maddock 1500 pounds of tobacco and caske on demand.  It was never paid.  He signed a second note on the same day for 1410 pounds of tobacco.  That was never paid either.  Was it for medical services?  Dr. Maddock sued him and the court ordered Allanson to pay up. [Source: Proceedings of the County Courts of Charles County 1666-1674,  Vol. 60, Pg. 341-34

     On January 6, Edward Madock hired Mr. Price to find a runaway servant.  Apparently Mr. Price had worked for him in the past, but was no longer in his employ.  So this service was to be paid for separately, coming to 400 pounds of tobacco.  He never paid Mr.Price.  The court ordered Dr. Maddock to pay what he owed plus court costs of 80 pounds.  [Source: Proceedings of the County Courts of Charles County 1671-1674, Vol. 60, Pg. 32

   In February 1671, Edward Maddox registered his mark/brand:  The animal's left ear was cropt, and the right ear had a hole with a nick under part of the hole.  [Source:  Proceedings of the County Courts of Charles County 1671-1674, Vol. 60, Pg.

     On August 7, 1672, Dr. Maddox sold to Richard Fowke for 1000 pounds of tobacco in caske 100 acres including "houses pastures buildings feedings woods underwoods wayes water Courses comodetyes and appurtenances."  I wonder when he got this land.  Had it been a land grant from Lord Baltimore?  [Source:  Proceedings of the County Courts of Charles County 1671-1674, Vol. 60, Pg. 407-

     On November 11, 1673, Edward Maddock, Apothecary" sold to Luke Greene for 3,500 pounds of tobacco 200 acres bordering Anacostine River and St. Isedores Creeke.  No buildings, but fine tobacco growing land.  A note was added at the bottom:  "The rentes & services which from henceforth from tyme to tyme for or in respect of the pmisses hereby sold shall grow due & payable to the Cheife Lord or Lords...in respect of his or their Seignory."  [Source:  Proceedings of the County Courts of Charles County 1671-1674, Vol. 60, Pg. 532-

Hanging tobacco ready to be used as currency to purchase something, and then shipped on to England

    While Dr. Maddock was busy suing people for not paying their bills, he still had not paid his own to John England "of the Citty of Bristoll Marriner."  Was the merchandise broken, torn, or substandard or what?  Five years went by without him paying.  What precipitated John England resurrecting this old bill?  An argument over something else? 

     In 1674, John England and his attorney Keneim Cheseldyn took him to court.  The record opens with "Edward Maddock late of Charles County [I think he'd moved into St. Mary's County adjoining Charles] otherwise called Edward Maddock of Charles County Edward Maddock Doctor."  On February 15, Dr. Maddock was ordered to pay the 803 pounds of tobacco plus another 552 pounds for attorney fees and court costs.  [Source: 
Provincial Court Proceedings, 1674-1675, Pg. 520-521]

    On October 30, 1674, "Edward Maddocke...Apothecary" sold 300 acres to Henry Aspenall.   It consisted of 300 acres "together with all houses, buildings, Orchyards, gardens, hawkeings, huntings, Fishings & Fowlings & all & singular other Appurtenances & priviledges."  Price was "tenne thousand pounds of tobaccoe."  The point was made that the purchaser was responsible for the "rents & services which hereafter shall grow due & payable to the Lord or Lords [Baltimore]." 

     I wonder if they were uncertain if the title was clear.  For it goes on to say, "More Over it is Covenanted...that the sd Edward Mddocke...shall at any time within seaven yeares at the request & at the proper Cost & Charge in law of the sd Henry Aspenall...any such further Assurance or Assurances as hee or they or his or their Counsell learned in the Law shall him thereunto require."

     On the next page, but dated October 29, Henry Aspenall sold to Apothecary Maddocke 20,000 pounds of tobaccoe and 300 acres called "Stone Hill" originally patented to Walter Hall in 1658.  Edward later in life married Margery Stone, widow of Matthew Stone who was son of the Governor of MD, William Stone. 

     Maddocke's new land was on the Piscattaway River, a section called "Doegs [Dog's] Necke" and Chingoemuxon Creeke.  It was "foure hundred & fifty acres...and allsoe in Indian Field" consisting of 200 acres.  And Mr. Aspenall had to agree to provide other assurances of clear title over a period of the next seven years.

               Henry Aspenall got 300 acres for 10,000 pounds of tobacco.
               Apothecary Maddocke got 650 acres for 20,000 pounds of tobacco and the above 300 acres.

This was a complicated set of deeds, but I think I got them figured out.  [Source:
Proceedings of the County Courts of Charles County 1666-1674, Vol. 60, Pg. 597-600

     In 1680, probable son Cornelius was on a ship returning to America, probably from accompanying his father's tobacco to England for real money or perhaps elegant furnishings and clothing.  Cornelius had gone into business for his father.

NOTE:  We have not proven that Cornelius was son of Edward.  We are looking for a proven descendant of Edward to do a simple saliva-swab DNA test to compare with the 67-marker test that we have.

A 17th century apothecary (pharmacist).

    The last we hear of Edward Mattacks "late of Charles County" [I think I read somewhere that he moved up into St. Mary's Co.] is when he was sued by Thomas Sikes for not curing his kinsman Samuel Sykes.

     On October 31, 1681, Samuel Sikes "did Languish oif a Certaine infirmity commonly called the Noli me Tangere of the french pox, and being poore and unable to pay for a Cure for the Same...the said Thomas Comis serateing his condition was charritably inclined and willing to doe the same for him."  The next day, Mr. Comis conferred with Edward Maddox "then and there affirmeing him self a Chirurgion [surgeon] and to be inthe Chirurgions art Learned and skilfull...."  Dr. Maddox assured Thomas Sikes he could make him whole and sound again in exchange for "the sume of ffoure thousand pounds of tobacco and Lay him Two hundred and Twenty foot ffiowers [floors] with planke. 

     So Thomnas Comas paid Dr. Maddox who he pronounced "greedy of game and deviseing and fraudulently intending to defraud the said Thomas."  But Samuel Sikes "for two yeares hath detained in the cure with vaine perswasions...greivous paines and troubles....and also by his negligence and inartifitiallity the said Infirmity is growne much worse and more difficult to be cured."

     Dr. Maddox hired Thomas Burford to represent him in court.  The case was set for June 30, 1683.  It was determined to find 12 jurors from St. Mary's County to hear the case.  The jury found Dr. Maddox guilty.  But this was not the end of it.  

     On June 6, the case was appealed to the provincial court.  At that time, Dr. Maddox explained "samuel Sikes in the Declaration menconed did Languish with a disease Called a Noli me Tanegere.  disease is by all Phisitians [physicians] accompted incureable & the Law will not oblige to imposibilityes   soe that to assume or warrant to perfectly cure such a disease is voyd in Lawe." 

     Further, Dr. Maddox's attorney said the first trial did not reveal where the floor planking was to be laid because it was never to be part of Dr. Maddox's fee.  Finally, the suit should have been brought by the patient, Samuel Sykes, not the relative Thomas Sykes.

     After considering all things, the provincial court justices ruled against Dr. Maddox, saying he had to repay all the "money" (pounds of tobacco) given him, and pay court costs of 2,584 pounds of tobacco.  [Source:  Proceedings of the County Courts of Charles County, Vol. 70, Pg. 413-415

     Four years later, Dr. Maddox went down to Stafford Co., VA (formed 1664 from Westmorelansd Co.) on the southern border of Fauquer Co., VA.  There he married Frances Norgrave whose second husband, George Mason, had died the year before.

     On September 9, 1690, there was yet another lawsuit involving him thusly:"Dr. Edward Maddocks, who intermarried with Frances, the Widow and Executrix of John Norgrave, deced".  The lawsuit was brought by Sampson Darrell who married the sole daughter of Capt. John Norgrave ~ Frances.  The lawsuit complained that Frances, the widow and executrix appointed in Capt. John Norgrave's Will, and "Dr Edward Maddocks who intermarried with Frances, the widow of John Norgrave...doth as yet unjustly detain from him one Cow and Signet of Armes in right of Margaret his Wife."  [Source: 
http://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/va/stafford/court/court011.txt]  Edward was around 75 years old at this time. 

     Edward died 1696 in Stafford Co., VA.  More on this soon (2009).  Was this Edward who went to Stafford Co. or a son Edward who went there.  There are two overlapping wives. 

     He must have been a colorful man, much as are most of the Maddox men descending from him since.

     I leave you with this question:  Were he and Alexander Maddux brothers or cousins?  DNA testing of the Y-chromosome of descendants of Edward and Alexander are nearly identical.  Out of 25 markers, there is only a genetic distance of one.



Edward Jr.