State of Maine seal


6 corp symbols

Mustered into U.S. Service August 21, 1861. Three years. Organized at Augusta August 22, 1861 from companies recruited in various parts of the State. Attached to Dix's Division, August to October 1861. Davidson's Brigade, W.F.Smith's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac to May, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, to August 1864.

Record of Service:
August 25, 1861, at Bellevue Garden, Baltimore, MD, to August 30.
August 30, 1861, at Patterson Park, East Baltimore, to September 16.
September 16, 1861, on Murray Hill, opposite Fort McHenry, to October 25.
October 25 & 26, 1861, on line of march.
October 26, at Kalorama Hill, Washington, to November 7.
November 7, 1861, in Lewinsville, Virginia, General Brannan's Third Brigade, till March 1862.
Yorktown, Virginia
Williamsburg, Virginia
Mechanicsville, Virginia
Gaines Mill, Virginia
White Oak Swamp Bridge, Virginia
Crampton's Gap, Maryland
South Mountain, Maryland
Antietam, Maryland
Fredricksburg, Virginia
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
Brandy Station, Virginia
Locust Grove, Virginia
Mile Run, Virginia
Wilderness, Virginia
Spottsylvania, Virginia
Cold Harbor, Virginia
Weldon Railroad, Virginia
Fort Stevens, Washington, D.C.
Opequon, Virginia
Fishers Hill, Virginia
September 5, 1864, the Seventh Maine Regiment Infantry was mustered out. The re-enlisted men and recruits were consolidated with the battalions of the 5th and 6th Maine Regiments, when its designation was changed to First Veteran Volunteers.

The total enrollment for the 7th Maine Regiment was 1,165. 128 were killed in battle or died of wounds. 212 died as the result of disease, accidents, or in prison. 427 members this regiment were wounded and lived. The total for loss of life for 7th Maine Regiment was 340.

*Information posted here comes from the following sources: A Compendium fo the War of the Rebellion - Frederick H. Dyer
Regimental Losses in the American Civil War (1861-1865) - William F. Fox

The 7th Maine Regiment
The following companies compose the 7th Me. Regiment, rendezvoused at Augusta:

Houlton Company, Capt. Freeze, (Company A)

China Company, Capt. Jones, (Company B)

Unity Company, Capt. Robinson, (Company C)

Bath Company, Capt. Hyde, (Company D)

Fairfield Company, Capt. Conner, (Company E)

Biddeford Company, Capt. Cushman, (Company F)

Portland Company, Capt. Gilman, (Company G)

Bangor Company, Capt. Cass, (Company H)

Presque Isle Company, Capt. Rolfe. (Company I)

Monmouth Company, Capt. Norris, (Company K)

Seven of the above companies were in camp Friday last. Two others came in on Saturday, and the other, the Monmouth Co., arrived on Monday.
(Bath Times). August 19, 1861 The Lewiston Daily Evening Journal - Lewiston, Maine.


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The Seventh Maine Regiment

 By Sarah Brown

Hurrah for the gallant Seventh of Maine

Three warm heart cheers for you

Who stood on the dreadful battle plain,

The truest of the true!

Nor feared to face sextuple foe,

Where'er the stars and stripes should go.

Then three times three for the brave Pine Tree

That reared her sons to toil

With stalwart arm in labor free,

To fit for traitor soil;

To fight the rebel ensign low,

Where'er the stars and stripes should go.

Where deep forests darken, o'er mountain and dell,

Where lakes lie embosomed and broad rivers swell,

Where hills with their granite foundations arise

And wild deer still startle in timid surprise,

Thence came in broad with ranks, with a ready right-hand,

A host of God's workmen, the pride of the land.

The forest had fallen before their strong stroke,

Their pioneer footsteps its long silence had broke,

And on the Penobscot and Kennebec's breast,

The lumbermen mounted a glorious crest.

Aroostook flung open its long folded door,

And mythic "Down East", was a fable no more.

From woodland and seashore, from mountain and


From Camp-fire and Corn-field came forth the

staunch men,

From Cabin and Cottage and Mansion, as one,

They flocked round our standard, bold sire and

brave son;

The axe and the plough changed for rifle and sword,

They manfully mustered a proud loyal horde.

Heaven's brownest baptism of sunshine and air

Had christened their foreheads, and left its mark


And Heaven's elixir of wild wine and dew

Had heighted and broadened and strengthened

them too,

And steadied a nerve that no tremor could know,

Leastwise when their aim was a base traitor foe.

Then three times three, for the brave Pine Tree

That reared her sons to toil

With stalwart arm in labor free,

To fit for traitor's soil;-

To level rebel stars and bars,

And raise the glorious stripes and stars.

(May 22, 1862)

Salem Register

Reprinted in the Eastern Argus Portland, Maine on Saturday October 11, 1862.


Chapter X.-7th Maine Infantry.

Neil's Brigade, Howe's Division, 6th Corps.

(1) Col. THOMAS H. MARSHALL (Died).


O  Officers

K  Killed and died of wounds.

M  Men

D  Died of disease, accidents, in prison, &c.

T  Total

E  Total Enrollment

                           --------K--------    --------D-------

Companies               O   M   T             O   M   T    E

Field and Staff          2     1    3             1    1    2    18

Company A             · ·   13   13           · ·   19  19   91

                B             2    11   13           · ·   27  27  175

                C             1    11   12           · ·   23  23  145

                D             3    10   13           · ·   19  19  149

                E             1      6     7           · ·   12   12    71

                F             1     17  18           · ·   35   35  105

               G             2     10   12          · ·   13   13   111

               H             1       6     7           1   12   13     90

                I             1      10   11          · ·   23   23     91

               K            1      18   19           1   25    26   119

        Totals           15     113 128          3  209  212  1,165

128 killed == 10.9 per cent.

Total of killed and wounded, 555.

Died of disease in Confederate prisons (previously included) 19.


Siege of Yorktown, Va   3

Lee's Mills, Va 2

Antietam, Md  25

Fredericksburg, Va. (1863)  20

Gettysburg, Pa 1

Wilderness, Va  36

Spotsylvania, Va., May 10th  2

Spotsylvania, Va., May 12th  27

Spotsylvania, Va., May 18th  6

Cold Harbor, Va  2

Petersburg, Va  1

Fort Stevens, D.C.  3

Present, also, at Williamsburg; Mechanicsville (May 24th); Golding's Farm; Garnett's Hill; Savage Station; White Oak Swamp; Malvern Hill; Crampton's Pass; Rappahannock Station; Mine Run; Shenandoah Valley.

NOTES.--Organized at Augusta, Me., August 21, 1861, from companies recruited in various parts of the State. It proceeded immediately to Baltimore, and thence, after a two weeks' stay, to Washington. It encamped there two weeks, and then, on Nov. 7, 1861, marched to Lewinsville, Va., where it performed outpost duty until the spring of 1862. It joined in the advance on Manassas, and then embarked for the Peninsula. It was then in Davidson's (3d) Brigade, Wm F. Smith's Division, Fourth Corps; this division was transferred in May to the newly-formed Sixth Corps. The loss by disease and sickness was so great that the regiment took only 181 men into action at Antietam; it was commanded in that battle by Major Hyde, and lost there 12 killed, 63 wounded, and 20 missing,--over half of those engaged. Becoming much reduced in numbers, it was ordered home to Maine, in October, 1862, to recruit. Five companies--B, C, D, I and K--under command of Lt.-Col. Selden Conner, rejoined the corps in January, 1863, and were engaged at Fredericksburg, May 3, I863, with a loss of 12 killed, 49 wounded, and 31 missing. In May, 1864, the regiment--then in Getty's Division--entered the Wilderness campaign, where it took part in the bloody contest which was waged by the Sixth Corps. From May 5th to May 18th, it lost 310 in killed and wounded. Its last battle occurred at Fort Stevens, within the city limits of Washington, where it assisted in repulsing Early's attack. Major Jones was killed in this action. Its term of service expired August 21, 1864, while in the Shenandoah, and the recruits were transferred to the First Maine Veteran Infantry.

Regimental Losses in The American Civil War 1861-1865 by William F. Fox 1898. Bradow Printing Company Albany, New York. Page 129.

Casualties in the Seventh Me. Regiment

in the Battle of Antietam

Company A

Lieut. J.G. Butler - missing

Private James Lewin, Houlton - killed

Private Roger B. Haines, Houlton - wounded

Private Charles H. Wolhampter, Monticello - wounded knee, severe

Private Richard Keating, Houlton - wounded and missing

Corporal Augustus L. Merritt, Maysville - foot, severe

Company B

Captain James P. Jones - wounded slightly

Lieut. William L. Haskell, Acting Adj't, Poland - wounded both legs, severe

1st Serg't J. C. McKenney, Phippsburg - missing

Private Thomas Crawford, Bath - killed

Private Calvin Elders, Bath - hip, slightly

Private John Skolfield, Bath - foot, slightly

Corporal Crossman Timmings, color corps, Bath - knee, slight

Private E. M. Tobey, Bath - missing

Private M. M. Hatch, Lewiston - leg, severe

Private Addison Grant, Frankfort - side, severely

Private William York, Skowhegan - thigh, mortal

Private Timothy Merro, Vassalboro - arm, slight

Private Charles B. Hawes, Union - missing

Private William H. Holbrook, Emden - missing

Private C.B. Thoits, Pownal - missing

Company C

Lieut. A. M. Benson - hip,slight

Serg't Eli McLaughlin, Oldtown - missing

Corporal W. A. McPheaters - hip, severe

Corporal A.S. Harmon, Lincoln - leg

Private George E. Bragg, Detroit - leg, severe

Private William C. Stickney, Springfield - arm

*Private Moses W. McKay, Oldtown - wounded

Company D

Lieut. Charles A. Goodwin, Dresden - killed

Color Serg't Harry Campbell - killed

1st Serg't A. K. Burroughs, Houlton - leg, flesh wound

Serg't Flavell H. Goodwin, Biddeford - killed

Corporal George D. Saunders, Minot - both legs, severe

Private Horace Ross, Bowdoin - leg, severe

Private Charles P. Penbrook, Bath - leg, severe

Private Jacob Page - shoulder, severe

Private Joseph E. Babb, Bowdoin - leg, slight

Private Thomas A. Richards, Dresden - missing

Company E

Lieut. A. F. Emery, Kendall's Mills - abdomen, slightly

Private Rufus Preble, Winslow - killed

Private Thomas Hennabry, Hartland - killed

Corporal N.S. Burrill, Hartland - hand

Corporal S. R. Tuttle, Fairfield - hand, slight

Private Abram Batchelder, Pittsfield - arm, severe

Private E. H. Hammond, Pittsfield - foot, severe

Private Thomas Dolan, Portland - arm, slight

Company F

Lieut. L. M. Shorey- foot, severe

Private Fred C. Tibbets, Athens - killed

Private C. B. Chase, Canaan - shoulder, ankle and leg

Corporal W. H. Benson, Athens - hip, slight

Private Hiram Wixon, Albion - hand

Private Israel A. Foster, Portland - leg, severe

Private Patrick O'Brian, Portland - leg, mortal

Private E. Townsend, Portland - hand, severe

Private H.D. Philbrick, Skowhegan - hand, slight

Private B.C. Studley, China - missing

Company G

Serg't William H. Motly, Portland - face, severe

Serg't James H. Armstrong, Portland - shoulder, severe

Corporal Robert H. Jackson, Naples - foot, severe

Private Charles H. Waterhouse, Portland - thigh

Color Corporal William P. Nason, Portland - leg, slight

Private John R. Begg, Portland - arm, severe

Private J.H. Norton, Bath - missing

Private Dennis Coffer, Bath - face, severe

Private Edward Murphy - elbow, severe

Private James H. Johnson - leg, mortal

Private J. H. Cobb, Saccarappa - foot, severe

Private Alvah J. Sprague, Bath - taken prisoner

Private Charles J. B. Smith, Portland - missing

Private James W. Lent, Richmond - missing

Private T. J. Waterhouse, Scarboro - missing

Company H

Lt. Henry Warren, Bangor - missing

Private J.F. Commey, Oldtown - killed

Private G.W. Hodgkins, Stetson - missing

Private G. R. Boyer, Bangor - hip

Private C. H. Eddy, Clifton - hand, slight

Private O. J. Rowe, Clifton - leg, severe

Private E. Debeck - foot, slight

Company I

Captain John B. Cook - leg, severe

Lt. Harlow P. Brown, Bethel - killed

Corporal Enoch B. Turney - leg, severe

Private W.T. Jordan, Strong - side, severe

Private Lewis E. Hardy, Hampden - leg

Private D. Hartford - foot

Private A. B. Whittier - leg

Company K

Captain G.P. Cochran - ankle, severe

Corporal E. Collins, Lewiston - leg, slight

Color Corporal J.G. Carver, Lewiston - side, severe

Private H. Baker, Bowdinham - killed

Private G.W. McKenney - hip, severe

Private J.A. Wilcox - leg, severe

Private E. S. Fargo - hand, slight

Private P. McHannan, Lewiston - missing

Private G. H. Putney - missing

Private G. B. Hall - wounded and missing

N. C. Staff

Serg't Major John B. Parsons, Houlton - killed

Those reported missing may some have been taken by the enemy, some killed, and their bodies not identified, and some have found their way to some remote hospital.

Thos. W. Hyde

Major Commanding 7th Maine Vols.

Lewiston Falls Journal

Lewiston, Maine

October 2, 1862

*From Maine Adjutant Generals Report Vol. II page 173

The 7th Maine Regiment at Gettysburg

     The Battle of Gettysburg is well know for the gallant actions of  Joshua Chamberlain and the 20th Maine Regiment of course, but they were only one of the Maine regiments present on the bloody three days in July 1863.  The 7th Maine was one of several Maine regiments who participated in that great battle.

     The 7th Maine Regiment arrived late in the afternoon of the 2nd day of the battle.  They had marched between 32 and 35 miles in the course of 17 hours.  They left Manchester, Maryland and headed for Gettysburg on what would be the longest of their forced marches during the four year span of the Civil War.

     The 7th Maine was part of Neill's Brigade, which was attached to Howe's 2nd Division of the 6th Corps.  Their positon at the Battle of Gettysburg was at the extreme rear of the Union center and the right of the 12th Corps.  The spent the night of the 2nd on Power's Hill moving the next morning across Rock Creek and up to Wolf Hill to protect the Baltimore Pike from the threat of a Confederate advance.  It was on Wolf Hill that the 7th Maine would become engaged in a "sharp volley from Confederate skirmishers"* and it was "in their advance to a stone wall and a sharp skirmish"* that they would suffer the loss of several men.  Two of the badly wounded would die from those wounds.  There were also five who were wounded but survived.  The two men who died, as a result of the wounds they received at the Battle of Gettysburg are buried in the National Cemetery at Gettysburg along with 138 other men from Maine regiments.

     The 7th Maine Regiments Moument is located on Wolf Hill and is within the boundaries of the National Park at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.  The land that it rests on, however, is private property and permission is required to visit the area.  This is where the 7th Maine held their position that 3rd day of July 1863.  The monument was designed by General Seldon Connor, who commanded the 7th Maine at Gettysburg, and was dedicated on October 3, 1889.

     The area where the 7th Maine were positioned, now know as Neill's Avenue, has remained virtually the same for the last 146 years. To walk in the footsteps of those Maine men was, for me on that 12th day of November 1999, a chance to step back in time.

7th Maine Monument at Gettysburg

The Seventh Maine monument's inscription reads - 7th Maine Infantry 3rd Brigade, 2nd Div. 6th Corps July 3rd, 1863.

Position of 7th Maine at Gettysburg

The position held by the Seventh Maine Regiment July 3rd, 1863.

*Maine at Gettysburg (Report of the Maine Commissioners) prepared by the Executive Committee.  The Lakeside Press, Portland, Maine 1898, pages 432-433.

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