m. 14 Apr. 1610 Great Amwell, Herts, ELIZABETH WALKER (bpt. Sept. 1583 Baldock, Herts, d. 2 Oct. 1673 Plymouth), d. of Augustine Walker of Great Amwell, Hertford. (3)
Church of St. John the Baptist- Great Amwell, Herts
Richard's origins has been the subject of much debate, however, it is known that he was a merchant from London and married Elizabeth Walker in Great Amwell. The will of Augustine Walker from April 1613 mentions "my daughter Elizabeth Warren wife of Richard Warren and her three children Mary, Ann and Sarah". (3)
Mayflower II at Plymouth Harbor and a view looking aft.
Your lodgings on board ship (notice the chamber pot) and one of the sailors.
Surpisingly, Gov. William Bradford does not mention him in his "History of the Plimouth Plantation" except in his passenger list:
"The names of those which came over first, in the year 1620, and were by the blessing of God the first beginners and in a sort the foundation of all the Plantations and Colonies in New England and their families... Mr Richard Warren, but his wife and children were left behind and came afterwards".(4)
Master Richard Warren was one of the wealthier members of the Mayflower passengers and was a merchant from London. Richard was not one of the Pilgrims from Leyden, but, joined the group when they stopped in Southampton. It is certainly possible that Elizabeth and the children were part of the group left behind when the "Speedwell" was deemed unseaworthy:
"It was resolved to dismiss her [the Speedwell] and part of the company, and proceed with the other ship [the Mayflower]. The which (though it was grievous and caused great discouragement) was put into execution. So after they had took out such provision as the other ship could well stow, and concluded both what number and what persons to send back, they made another sad parting; the one ship [the Speedwell] going back for London and the other [the Mayflower] was to proceed on her voyage. Those that went back were for the most part such as were willing so to do, either out of some discontent or fear they conceived of the ill success of the voyage, seeing so many crosses befall, and the year time so far spent. But others, in regard of their own weakness and charge of many young children were thought least useful and most unfit to bear the brunt of this hard adventure; unto which work of God, and judgment of their brethren, they were contented to submit."(4)One has to wonder if Elizabeth with five little children were left on the dock... probably to spend the next three years with family in Great Amwell or perhaps with Richard's family (wherever they were living!).
Signing the Mayflower Compact- Pilgrim Memorial- Provincetown
Richard was one of the signers of the Mayflower Compact:
"I shall ... begin with a combination made by them before they came ashore; being the first foundation of their government in this place. Occasioned partly by the discontented and mutinous speeches that some of the strangers amongst them had let fall from them in the ship: That when they came ashore they would use their own liberty, for none had power to command them, the patent they had being for Virginia and not for New England ... And partly that such an act by them done, this their condition considered, might be as firm as any patent, and in some respects more sure.
"The form was as followeth : IN THE NAME OF GOD, AMEN. We whose names are underwritten, the loyal subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord King James, by the Grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland King, Defender of the Faith, etc. Having undertaken, for the Glory of God and advancement of the Christian Faith and Honour of our King and Country, a Voyage to plant the First Colony in the Northern parts of Virginia, do by these presents solemnly and mutually in the presence of God and one of another, Covenant and Combine ourselves together into a Civil Body Politic, for our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute and frame such just and equal Laws, Ordinances, Acts, Constitutions and Offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the Colony, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. In witness whereof we have hereunder subscribed our names at Cape Cod, the 11th of November, in the year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord King James, of England, France and Ireland the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth. Anno Domini 1620."(4)
The Mayflower Compact
From "Mourt's Relation" we are told that he was chosen one of the ten passengers to make up a party of exploration when they stopped on Cape Cod prior to arriving in Plymouth:
"Wednesday, the sixth of December . It was resolved our discoverers should set forth ... So ten of our men were appointed who were of themselves willing to undertake it, to wit, Captain Standish, Master Carver, William Bradford, Edward Winslow, John Tilley, Edward Tilley, John Howland, and three of London, Richard Warren, Stephen Hopkins, and Edward Doten, and two of our seamen, John Alderton, and Thomas English. Of the ship's company there went two of the master's mates, Master Clarke and Master Coppin, the master gunner, and three sailors ...(1)Bradford then tells us:
" ... the 6th of December  they sent out their shallop again with ten of their principal men and some seamen, upon further discovery, intending to circulate that deep bay of Cape Cod. The weather was very cold and it froze so hard as the spray of the sea lighting on their coats, they were as if they had been glazed. Yet that night betimes they got down into the bottom of the bay, and as they drew near the shore they saw some ten or twelve Indians very busy about something. They landed about a league or two from them ... they made themselves a barricado with logs and boughs as well as they could in the time, and set out their sentinel and betook them to rest, and saw the smoke of the fire the savages made that night. When morning was come they divided their company, some to coast along the shore in the boat, and the rest marched through the woods to see the land, if any fit place might be for their dwelling. They came also to the place where they saw the Indians the night before, and found they had been cutting up a great fish like a grampus ...
So they ranged up and down all that day, but found no people, nor any place they liked. When the sun grew low, they hasted out of the woods to meet with their shallop ... of which they were very glad, for they had not seen each other all that day since the morning. So they made them a barricado as usually they did every night, with logs, stakes and thick pine boughs, the height of a man, leaving it open to leeward, partly to shelter them from the cold and wind (making their fire in the middle and lying round about it) and partly to defend them from any sudden assaults of the savages, if they should surround them; so being very weary, they betook them to rest. But about midnight they heard a hideous and great cry, and their sentinel called "Arm! arm!" So they bestirred them and stood to their arms and shot off a couple of muskets, and then the noise ceased. They concluded it was a company of wolves or such like wild beasts, for one of the seamen told them he had often heard such noise in Newfoundland.
So they rested till about five of the clock in the morning; for the tide, and their purpose to go from thence, made them be stirring betimes. So after prayer they prepared for breakfast, and it being day dawning it was thought best to be carrying things down to the boat ...
But presently, all on the sudden, they heard a great and strange cry, which they knew to be the same voices they heard in the night, though they varied their notes; and one of their company being abroad came running in and cried, "Men, Indians! Indians!" And withal, their arrows came flying amongst them. Their men ran with all speed to recover their arms, as by the good providence of God they did. In the meantime, of those that were there ready, two muskets were discharged at them, and two more stood ready in the entrance of their rendezvous but were commanded not to shoot till they could take full aim at them. And the other two charged again with all speed, for there were only four had arms there, and defended the barricado, which was first assaulted. The cry of the Indians was dreadful, especially when they saw their men run out of the rendezvous toward the shallop to recover their arms, the Indians wheeling about upon them. But some running out with coats of mail on, and cutlasses in their hands, they soon got their arms and let fly amongst them and quickly stopped their violence ...
Thus it pleased God to vanquish their enemies and give them deliverance; and by his special providence so to dispose that not any one of them were either hurt or hit, though their arrows came close by them and on every side [of] them; and sundry of their coats, which hung up in the barricado, were shot through and through. Afterwards they gave God solemn thanks and praise for their deliverance, and gathered up a bundle of their arrows and sent them into England afterward by the master of the ship, and called that place the FIRST ENCOUNTER."(4)
Elizabeth and the five children arrived in Plymouth on the "Anne" in 1623.
Richard received his grant of land in the first division in 1623: "their grounds which came first over in the May Floure, according as thier lotes were case... these lye one the north side of the towne next adjoyning to their gardens which came in the Fortune."
"And so assigned to every family a parcel of land, according to the proportion of their number, for that end, only for present use (but made no division for inheritance) and ranged all boys and youth under some family. This had very good success, for it made all hands very industrious, so as much more corn was planted than otherwise would have been by any means the Governor or any other could use, and saved him a great deal of trouble, and gave far better content. The women now went willingly into the field, and took their little ones with them to set corn; which before would allege weakness and inability; whom to have compelled would have been thought great tyranny and oppression."(4)Richard also received a grant in the 1627 division of land and cattle:
"At a publique court held the 22th of May it was concluded by the whole Companie, that the cattell wch were the Companies, to wit, the Cowes & the Goates should be equally devided to all the psonts of the same company ... & so the lotts fell as followeth, thirteene psonts being pportioned to one lot ... "The ninth lot fell to Richard Warren & his companie Joyned with (2) him his wife Elizabeth Warren (3) Nathaniell Warren (4) Joseph Warren (5) Mary Warren (6) Anna Warren (7) Sara Warren (8) Elizabeth Warren (9) Abigall Warren (10) John Billington (11) George Sowle (12) Mary Sowle (13) Zakariah Sowle. To this lott fell one of the 4 black heyfers that came in the Jacob caled the smooth horned Heyfer and two shee goats." (5)
The home that Richard built here on the Eel River was on the same spot as the house that was re-built there in 1700 at the head of Clifford Road. This later house was the home of James Warren who was President of the Provincial Congress in 1775.
"Richard Warren" at Plimouth Plantation
King James had granted the merchant adventurers 100 acres for each settler the Company had brought over. The Pilgrims had a contract with the Company stating that all profits would accrue to the Company for the first seven years after which the assets would be divided among the shareholders. In 1627 fifty-three freeman from Plymouth, known as "The Purchasers" agreed to buy out the Company. In return twelve "Undertakers", made up of eight from Plymouth and four from London, agreed to pay off Plymouth's debts in return for trade benefits. The Plymouth Colony records listing the purchasers was undoubtedly made several years later as "Elizabeth Warren, widow" is among the purchasers even though Richard was still alive in 1627.(5)William Bradford states:
"And seeing it hath pleased Him to give me [Bradford] to see thirty years completed since these beginnings, and that the great works of His providence are to be observed, I have thought it not unworthy my pains to take a view of the decreasings and increasings of these persons and such changes as hath passed over them and theirs in this thirty years ... Mr. Richard Warren lived some four or five years and had his wife come over to him, by whom he had two sons before [he] died, and one of them is married and hath two children. So his increase is four. But he had five daughters more came over with his wife, who are all married and living, and have many children."(4)
"The Bradfords" at Plimouth Plantation
Nathaniel Morton in his book "New England's Memorial" from 1669 wrote:
"This year  died Mr Richard Warren, who hath been mentioned before in this book, and was a useful instrument; and during his life bore a deep share in the difficulties and troubles of the first settlement of the plantation of New Plimouth."
Richard and John evidently bore the arms "Gules a lion rampant Argent a chief checky Or and Azure". These arms were on a bookplace of his descendant Dr. John Collins Warren of Boston.
In 1631 Elizabeth was given a bequest in the will of Mary Ring: "I give unto mrs Warren one woodden cupp with a foote as a token of my love." (6)
In 1633: "a misted [meerstead- a plot of land that had been staked out] that was granted formerly to Richard Warren, deceased, & forfeited by a late order, for want of building, the said misted was granted to Mr. Raph Fog & his heires forever, provided the said Raph w'thin twelve moneths build a dwelling howse upon the same, & allow the widow Warren so much for her fence remayning thereon ..." (7)
In 1633: "According to an order in Court held the 2d of January, in the seaventh yeare of the raigne of o'r soveraigne lord, Charles, by the grace of God King of Engl., Scotl., France, & Irel., defendr of the faith, &c, the psons heere under menconed were rated for publike use ... to be brought in by each pson as they are heere under written, rated in corne at vi [pence] bushell ... Widow Warren ... 12 ss." In 1634 "Widow Warren" was rated for 9/. (8)In an inventory from 1633: "John. Thorp debtor to ... To mrs Warren 01 10 08." (9)
In 1635 Elizabeth evidently had an argument with one of her servants: "At this Court, Thomas Williams, ye sarvant of widow Warren, was accused for speaking profane & blasphemous speeches against ye mauestie of God, which wer these : ther being some discention betweene him & his dame, shee, after other things, exhorted him to fear God & doe his duty ; he answered, he neither feared God, nor the divell ; this was proved by witneses, and confesed by himselfe. This, because ye Courte judged it to be spoken in passion & distemper, with reprove did let him pass, upon humble acknowledgmente of his offence ; though ye Gove'r would have had him punished wth bodly punishmente, as ye case seemed to require." (10)
Elizabeth was in court again in 1635: "Thomas Clarke was plaintive against widow Warren, for taking a boat of his, which was lost in ye Eele River, wher she left it, by an extraordinary storme, in ye same place ; for which he demanded 15 [pounds] damage ; but ye jury aquite ye defendante, finding ye boat to be borowed, & laid in an ordinary place of saftie ; yet, for other considerations, they gave ye said Thomas Clarke 30 [shillings]." (11)
In 1636/37 : "It is agreed upon, by the consent of the whole Court, that Elizabeth Warren, widdow, the relict of Mr. Richard Warren, deceased, shalbe entred, and stand, and bee purchaser instead of her said husband, as well because that (hee dying before he had pformed the said bargaine) the said Elizabeth pformed the same after his decease, as also for the establishing of the lotts of land given formly by her unto her sonnes in law, Richard Church, Robert Bartlett, and Thomas Little, in marriage with their wives, her daughters." (12)
In 1637: "That Mrs Elizabeth Warren of the Eele River Widdow for and in consideracon of a Marriage already solempnized betwixt John Cooke the yeonger of the Rockey Noocke and Sarah her daughter doth acknowledge that shee hath given granted enfeoffed and confirmed unto the said John Cooke one lot of land lying at the Eele River containeing eighteene acres or thereabouts and lying on the North side of Robert Bartletts lott formly also given the said Robert in Marriage w'th Mary another of the sd Mrs Warrens daughters ..."
And also in1637: "whereas John Cooke hath a lott of land at the Eele River lying next to Robert Barlet containeing by estimacon eighteene acrees or thereabout given him by Mrs. Elizabeth Warren in marriage w'th his wyfe and Robte Bartlett hath a lott of land of like quantitie lying on the Duxborrow side ... the said John Cooke & Robert Bartlett have exhcaunged the said lotts w'th eich other ..."(13)
And in 1639 she gave land to Abigail: "M'ris Elizabeth Warren Widdow for and in consideracon of a marriage already consummate betwixt Anthony Snow & Abigall her daughter Hath freely & absolutely given granted assigned & made over unto the said Anthony Snow All that her house scituate nere the place called Wellingsly (alis) Hobs Hole ..." (14)
The following year: "Richard Church, Robte Bartlett, Thomas Little, & Mrs Elizabeth Warren are graunted enlargement at the head of their lotts to the foote of the Pyne Hills, leaveing a way betwixt them and the Pyne Hills, for cattell & cart to passe by." (15)
In Stephen Hopkins' will from 1644 is the following: "I do bequeath by this my will to my sonn Giles Hopkins my great Bull w'ch is now in the hands of m'ris Warren Also I do give to Stephen Hopkins my sonn Giles his sonne twenty shillings in m'ris Warrens hands for the hire of the said Bull". (16)"Mistris Elizabeth Warren" in 1651 was among "The Names of those that have Interest and proprieties in the Townes land att Punchkateesett over against Road Iland"(17)
"Petition was prefered by Robert Bartlet unto the Court holden att Plymouth the 7th of October, 1652, therin requesting that wheras sundry speeches have pased from som who pretend themselves to bee the sole and right heires unto the lands on which the said Robert Barlet now liveth, at the Eel river, in the townshipp of Plymouth, which hee, the said Robert, had bestowed on him by his mother in law, Mis Elizabeth Warren, in marriage with her daughter ... doe therby find that Mis Elizabeth Warren, who gave the said lands unto the said Robert and others in like condicion, had power soe to doe, as being by an order of Court bearing date March the 7th, 1637, and other actes of Court before, envested into the state and condicon of a purchaser, as in the said order is expressed ; the said Court doth by these presents, therefore, further ratify and confeirme the aforesaid actes of Court wherby the said Elizabeth Warren is declared to have right to despose of the aforsaid lands, approveing and allowing of the abovesaid gift of land unto the said Robert Barlet and others in like condicon with him, to bee called ..." (18)"An Obligation appointed to bee recorded:
Wheras there hath been a Difference Depending betwixt Mis Elizabeth warren and her sonn Nathaniell Warren about certaine lands which the said Nathaniell conceiveth hee hath right unto as heire unto the lands of Mr Richard Warren Deceased ; These are therfore to Declare and certify unto the court by Mis Jane Collyare in the behalfe of her grandchild Sara the wife of the said Nathaniell Warren and an other petition formerly prefered to the court by Robert Bartlett sonn inlaw of the said Elizabeth warren by each petitions the prties requesting Justice in the prmises ; the said Mis Elizabeth Warren and Mis Jane Collyare and Nathaniell Warren haveing agreed to refer the said Difference unto such of the bench as they have chosen ; viz Mis Elizabeth Warren hath chosen Mr William Bradford and captaine Willett and Mis Jane Collyare and Nathaniell Warren haveing Chosen Mr Thomas Prence and capt : Myles Standish and they the said Elizabeth Jane and Nathaniell Doe bind them selves heerby videlecett Elizabeth Warren in the summe of an hundred pounds and the said Jane Collyare and Nathaniell Warren in the summe of an hundred pounds to stand to whatsoever they shall Doe and finally Determine in the prmises or the Maior prte of them ; and incase they can not agree they are to chose a fift to bee Umpire in the caseIn Witnesse wherof they have heerunto sett theire hands The eleventh of June 1653." (19)
"These are to signifye that upon a claime made by Nathaniell Warren as heire to the lands of Richard Warren late of Plymouth and by Reason alsoe of a petition prefered to the court held att Plymoth the seaventh of June 1653 by mis Jane Collyare in behalfe of her grandchild the wife of the said Nathaniell Warren conserning sundry passages and Discourses between her and mis Elizabeth Warren ye mother of the said Nathaniell Warren about the time of theire contract ; by which the said mis Collyare Did conceive her grandchild should by promise have been Invested and entersed in more lands then the said mis Warren Doth now acknowlidge By Reason wherof many great and sad Differences were like to arise between the prties abovsaid and the said mis Warren and her other children to whom shee had Desposed som prte of her lands to theire great Discontent if not undoeing ; The case was Refered by both prties ; videlecett the said Nathaniell Warren and mis Jane Collyare on the one prtie and mis Elizabeth Warren on the other prtie To Mr Willam Bradford Mr Thomas Prence captaine Myles Standish and captaine Thomas Willett as arbetrators chosen Indiffrently by them to end Deside Issue and finnally Determine all contraversies Differences and claimes about this matter that hath arisen or may for ever arise heerafter for which end the prties abovesaid were all and every of them bound in an assumsett of an hundred pounds apeece to stand to theire award which is as followeth
first That the said Nathaniell Warren shall enjoy to him and his heires for ever all that land which hee is now possess of ; and moreover shall have two thirds of those lands called purchase lands as yett unlayed out ;2'condly And mis Warren shall enjoy that three acres of land bee it more or lesse lying neare to the lotts of Nathaniell Warren ; Dureing his life ; but after her Decease it shall come to Nathaniell Warren
3'dly shee and her children (viz mis Warren aforsaid) shall quietly enjoy all the Rest of her lands and all of them to whom shee hath alreddy att any time heer(to)fore Desposed any prte therof by gift sale or otherwise or shall heerafter Doe the same To them and theire heires for ever without any trouble or molestacon ;
4'ly Lastly the said Nathaniell Warren shall for ever cease all other or further claimes suites questions or any molestations or Disturbance att any time heerafter conserning the pr'mises ; but that his said mother and all her children or any other to whom shee hath any way Desposed any lands or shall heerafter Doe the same ; But that they may quietly and peacably posesse and enjoy the same they and theire heires for ever without any molestation from him and his att any time heerafter ; This Determination and award wee have signed under our hands The eleventh of June 1653.Willam Bradford, Thomas Prence, Myles Standish, Thomas Willett."(20)
In 1660 is the following concerning the Purchasers of Dartmouth :
"Att a generall meeting of the Purchasers att Plymouth the seaventh of march 1652 It was ordered and fully agreed unto and Concluded by the whole that all that Tract and tracts of lands lying from the Purchassers bounds on the west side of Acoughcusse to a river called Accusshaneck and three miles to the Eastwards of the same ; with all Ilands meddows woods waters rivers Creekes and all appurtenances therunto belonging Should bee given to those whose names are heerunder written Containing thirty four shares and was then given alloted Assigned and sett over to them by the whole to have and to hold to them and their heires and Assignes for ever ; to Devide and Dispose of the same as they should see good ; and they are to Satisfy the Indians for the Purchase therof and to beare all other Due Charges that shall any way arise about the same According to their severall proportions... mistris Warren, [et al.]...Wheras these Purchasers whoe by agreement of the whole had theire proportions of Purchase land falling unto them in the places above mencioned whoe by agreement had theire severall names entered into a list (together with some other old Comers) under the hand of the honored Gov'r : late Deceased they Did Desire that the list of theire Names might bee recorded ; but the above written originall list of Names and the agreement Could not bee found in some yeares ; soe that it was Judged lost These purchasers notwithstanding still Desiring that what was theire right might bee recorded ; wherupon order was given by the aforsaid Gov'r that it might bee Done ...
The names of those whoe by order of the Purchasers mett att Plymouth the seaventh Day of march 1652 whoe by Joyne consent and agreement of the said purchasers are to have theire prtes shares or proportions att the place or places commonly called and knowne by the names of Acushena alias acquessent which entereth in att the western end of Neckatay and to Coaksett alisa acoakius and places adjacent ; the bounds of which Tract fully to extend... The said Tract or tract[s] of Land soe bounded as abovesaid which is purchased of the Indians which were the right propriators therof ; as appeers by a Deed under theire hands with all the mershes meddows rivers waters woods Timbers ; and all other profitts privilidges emunities comodities and appurtenances belonging to the said Tract or Tracts above expressed or any prte or prcell therof to belonge unto the prties whose names are underwritten (whoe are in number thirty four whole prtes or shares and noe more) to them and their heires and assignes for ever ...Mis Warren one whole share, [et al.]" (21)
"Mistris Elizabeth Warren, an aged widdow, aged above 90 yeares, deceased on the second of October, 1673, whoe, haveing lived a godly life, came to her grave as a shocke of corn fully ripe. Shee was honorably buried on the 24th of October aforsaid." (22)
Elizabeth was a remarkable woman for the times as she was able to manage her business affairs and lands and was not obliged to remarry and succeeded to Richard's rights as a Purchaser. She was styled "Mistress", a title few women of the time had. As a woman of business she was successful as her estate was worth £ 365/14 at her death.(23)
Richard and Elizabeth had seven children, all of whom survived and had large families making Richard the Mayflower passenger with the largest number of descendants estimated to be in the neighborhood of 14,000,000! Some of their descendants include Ulysses S. Grant, Franklin Roosevelt, Alan Shepard, Laura Ingalls Wilder, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and the Wright brothers. (2) Elizabeth survived long enough to see at least 75 of her great-grandchildren... as noted above she "came to her grave as a shocke of corn fully ripe"!
Ref:(1) "A Relation or Journal of the Beginning and Proceedings of the English Plantation Settled at Plimouth in New England"- Edward Winslow, William Bradford, London, 1622
"Richard Warren of the Mayflower and Some of His Descendants"- Mrs. Washington Roebling, David Clapp & Son, Boston, 1901
History of the Town of Hingham- Vol.II, p.125
1. JAMES-b.c.1620 Berwick, Scotland?
"Having defeated the Royalists in England and beheaded the king in 1649, Cromwell proceeded to the conquest of Ireland where his fanatical "Croppies" spent the following summer in turning that country into a bloody shambles. Defended or defenseless towns were laid low and his butcheries spared neither the armed nor unarmed. The fanatical Puritan, feeling that he had wiped out the hated Catholics for a generation at least, was aroused by a new challenge in his ruthless progress. The Scottish Parliament had proclaimed the youthful Prince Charles, then a fugitive at the Hague, as their king. The Proclamation was provisional, however, requiring him to subscribe to to their Covenant and accept Parliamentary direction in civil affairs and to the Presbyterian Assembly in ecclesiastical matters. Embarrassing as these terms were, he decided to comply with them, and this situation created a new menace to the Commonwealth and to Cromwell. With his veterans from Ireland as a nucleus, the insatiable "Noll" gathered an army of about 16,000 of which a third were mounted troops. With these he invaded the last kingdom remaining loyal to the Crown and, reaching Edinburgh after some skirmishes he marched his army to Dunbar, a town on the east coast of Scotland just south of the Firth of Forth. By this time his new levies were rapidly decreasing in numbers through disease and fatigue of the forced marches. Supplies could only reach him by sea at Dunbar as General David Leslie in command of the Scottish troops had seized the passes which furnished the only retreat from Scotland to Durham and Berwick-on-Tweed. Leslie's troops outnumbered Cromwell's army, but they were undisciplined clansmen unused to war in its technical aspects and the Scottish general declined to give open battle hoping to starve out Cromwell then hemmed in on the narrow peninsula of Dunbar. Meanwhile the young King Charles had arrived from Holland and joined this motley military organization to the great joy of the clansmen and made himself popular by sharing their rough camp life and engaging in some of the daily skirmishes at the outposts. These "braw laddies" showed their preference for his leadership over the capped and gowned committee of argumentative Covenanters who were busy purging the force of unbelievers until they had eliminated all or most of its skillful soldiers. Then, satisfied that they had an army of approved saints, they demanded that the king retire from the front and leave the direction of the campaign to them. Wishing to take an advantage of a favorable opportunity, Leslie proposed to attack Cromwell on Sunday, but the fanatical dominies would not permit him to break the Sabbath even for this desirable purpose. Night and day these theological crusaders wrestled with the Lord in prayer and finally had assurance in a "revelation" that the Lord of Hosts would deliver Agag (Cromwell) into their hands. They ordered Leslie to attack. Descending from the heights of Lammermoor which overlooked Cromwell's camp they reached the plains of Dunbar. Cromwell, observing this movement did not need any "revelation" to tell him that the Lord of Hosts was about to deliver them into his hands. He had been waiting for that hour as his only salvation. He gave orders for an immediate attack in force and though greatly inferior in numbers his disciplined troops soon showed their superiority over the untrained but brave clansmen. Leslie's army was routed and Cromwell's cavalry pursued the disorganized Covenanters with great slaughter. The chief if not the only resistance to his onslaught was made by a regiment of Highlanders who fought with great desperation as they had learned from his conquest of Ireland the tales that Cromwell would put all men to the sword and thrust hot irons through women's breasts. Three thousand Scots fell in this disaster fighting hopelessly to the last, 10,000 were taken prisoner. About half of the latter were so exhausted and disabled by wounds that Cromwell immediately released them. He wrote that he had lost only twenty men in this battle and he had every reason to believe that the Lord had given him the victory.
Of the 5,000 able-bodied prisoners that marched down to Durham cathedral only 3,500 survived the march and raw cabbage which killed with the "flux". The cathedral had been converted into a prison where these unfortunate Highlanders were destined to spend an indefinate period as captives of war. Their disposition was a problem both from a sanitary and political standpoint.List of Prisoners from the Battle of Dunbar, Page 2, Page 3
An opportunity was presented to the officials of the commonwealth in London. Laborers were greatly needed in the new American colonies and on 19 Sept. 1650, sixteen days after the battle, there was an order in council passed to deliver 900 prisoners for transportation to Virginia and 150 for New England. James was one of 150 survivors selected as "well and sound and free of wound" on behalf of John Becx & Co. of the Saugus Iron Works to be delivered to Augustine Walker of Charlestown master of the "Unity" which sailed 11 Nov. 1650. Sixty of the prisoners were destined for the iron works in Saugus and the remainder were distributed throughout numerous towns in Massachusetts and New Hampshire in a kind of modified slavery or compulsory service which was to terminate in seven years. John Cotton had his qualms about this camouflaged slavery. In a letter to Cromwell dated Boston 28 July 1651 he said: "The Scots whom God delivered into your hands at Dunbarre and whereof sundry were sent hither, we have been desirous (as we could) to make their yoke easy. Such as were sick of the scurvey or other diseases have not wanted Physick and chyrugery. They have not been sold for slaves to perpetual servitude. But for 6 or 7 or 8 yeares as we do our own." While their plight here was pitiful it was not so disastrous as befell those who were left behind in Durham half of whom died within a few months of contagious deseases. In this country they were looked upon as aliens and their Gaelic accent was scarcely understandable."(1)
In 1651 Richard Leader, recently resigned from managing the Saugus Iron Works, began with his brother George the management of the mills on the Great Works River for John Becx & Co. Leader brought with him his bond prisoners which were bought for £20 to £30 each. Five years later Leader sold out his interests and freed his servants many of whom were granted land in Kittery. In Newichawannock between Thompson's Brook (Shorey's) and the Great Works River James was granted land 15 Aug. 1656. He received 50 acres with 48 poles (660') fronting Cow Cove where the "Pied Cow" dropped anchor in 1634, now part of the South Berwick Vaughn Woods Memorial.
"I John Daves of York have Sold to James Warren, forty Acres of Upland lying betwixt ye sd Daves Marsh & the bridge, And ye sd Warren is to have halfe ye breadth of ye fourscore Acres which ye town of York gave to the Said Daves & William More & John Harker, that is to Say halfe ye breadth by the water Side... 6. of 8. Month 1662... John Daves... Mary X Daves... Witness... ffrancis Johnson, Timothy Yeales, John Penwill, Benjamin Whitney".(7)
James probably never occupied this land, however, he may have cultivated it and harvested whatever crops he planted. James retained this property for 40 years until it was bequeathed to his son Gilbert.Map of Berwick- from Stackpole's Old Kittery And Her Families
James was the Commissioner for Kittery 5 July 1664.(2) He was on the grand jury 28 Dec. 1665(3) and also 12 June 1666.(4) He was again on jury duty 19 Aug. 1668.(5) In 1670 Margaret and other Scots were admonished for using profane language and in 1674 James was bound to good behavior and was disiplined for abetting Richard Gibson.(6)
In his will dated 9 Feb. 1683/4, Alexander Cooper made arrangements for his only son, John: "It is my will & desire to Commit under god, both my sonn, & my estate left him untill hee come to age, unto my Loveing freinds vidzt Richard Nason Senjor, James Warrine Senior, & Peter Grant whome I leave as feofees in trust, faithfully to take Care both of my sonn & Estate, & for the Improvement & security there of, for my sonns best advantage..." (14)
He signed a Kittery petition as a selectman 13 Apr. 1697.(8) He signed a Berwick petition again as a selectman 4 Sept. 1697(9) and another 20 May 1698 requesting £20 for the maintenance of the ministry: "whereas the circumstance of the parish of Barwick continues as bad as, or rather more grievous than hitherto by reason of the not ceasing of the wars & the extreme deadness in trading." They were granted £15 for the maintenance of the ministry for the year beginning Sept. 1698 on 2 Dec. 1698.(10) James then signed a Berwick petition for a township as a Berwick selectman 26 July 1700.(11)Berwick petition- 1697, page 1, Page 2
"James Warren Senr of Barwick in Kittery... In consideration of ye Naturall affection that he beareth toward his son Gilbert Warren... Hath given.... unto his sd son Gilbert... a certain parcel of Land containing forty Acres Scituate in York near the Bridge comonly called York Bridge on ye Eastward side of that branch of York River... ye sd Gilbert... to pay yearly as long as his father or mother shall live ye Sum of thirty Shilling... And in case sd Gilbert or his heires During sd James his life or his present wifes, shall refuse to make sd paymt Sd James shall have power to reenter on thirty Acres of ye Premisses Lying together most unimproved And have as good a title as before... this twenty fifth day of March in ye year... One thousand Seven hundred and one... James X Warren, Gilbert X Warren... in ye presents of us James X Stackpole, John Wade".(16)
"In the name of god Amen: James warren Sinr of the parish of Barwick in the town of Kittrey... Do make & ordain this my last will & testement as foloweth being sick & week of bodey but in good & perfect memory Viz...
1- I do give unto my son Gilbirt warren all yt tract of land which I bought of John Davis liingy in ye town ship of York to him & to his haires forever
2- I do give unto my son James warren all my other Lands marshes medoes buldings of all sorts Liing in ye town shep of Kettrey or elce whare to him & his haires for ever
3- I do Give to my Daughter Margrat Stagpole five Shiling
4- I do Give to by Daughter Grizel five Shilings-
5- I do Give to my Grandaughter Jane Grant five Shilings
6- I do Give to my Grandson James Stacpole- one hefer & one Ewe & a young fold-
7- I do Give unto Margrat waren my loveing wife all ye rest of my of my Estate it being moveabels for her Comfertabel mantainance and no legusi before mentioned to be demanded til her decse
8- I do Constitute & Appoint My liveing wife Margrat & my son James waren to bee Executrix and Executor to this my will & testement made this ninth day of December one thousand seven hundred as wittness my hand-James X Waren
James Warren's Will
An Invatary of the Estate of James Warren Late of Kittrey
deceasedImp: to his waring Cloathes.............................................. 03-00-00
Peter O Grant
William Goodin"(12)James Warren's Inventory- Page 1, Page 2
In the will of James & Margaret's grandson, James Stackpole, dated 11 Nov. 1706 is the following:
"Item. I Give and bequeath unto my Honoured father James Stagpole... a piece of Broad Cloath of two yards, three quarters with the lineing and triming belonging thereunto left in the Custody of my Grandmother Magaret Warrin, and also Seaven yards & halfe of homespun drest wolen Cloth, and also all the Wages due to me from the Province as a Souldiar in her Majts Service.Item. I give and bequeath unto my Uncle James Warrin, my young horse bridle and sadle..." (15)
"In The Name of God Amen. I Margret Warren of the town of Kittrey.... very Aged and growing grave ward Apace but of Sound and Disposing sence and memory doe make this my Last will and testament in manner as followeth...Viz my will is that the money I have I Leave and Do Order for the Defraing my funerall Charges and what Shall be Left to be Equally Divided A mongst my three Children Gilbard James and Margret.
2ly I give and bequeath unto my Son Gilbird warren one Cow and three Sheep.
3ly I give and bequeath to my daughter margret Stackpole my great Brass Kittle and two Blankits and one Coverlid and ten yeards of woling Cloath and my great wodden platter and one pare of Sheets and all my waring Cloathes
4ly I give and bequeath into my Son James Warren my feather bed and bolster and all the Rest of my Estat whatsoever abroad or at home without dores or within
5ly I doe ordain and Appoint my Son James Warren the hole and Soul Executor to this my Last will and testament revoaking and Renounsing all other will heretofore by me made
In witness hereof I set to my hand and Seal this thirteen day of december Anno Domni-one thousand seven hundred and twelve-
Signed Sealed and ( ) to be her Last will and testamentin the presence of
Baker X Nason
Margaret Warren's Will
Ref:(1) History of York, Maine- Banks, Vol.I, pp.206-9
"Genealogy of the Descendants of James Warren"- Orin Warren, Chase Press, Haverhill, Mass., 1902
History and Genealogy of the Stackpole Family- pp.61-2
Adriel Warren of Berwick, ME: His Forebears and Descendants- Vanetta Hosford Warren, Boston, 1969
Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society- Vol.LXI, pp.16-29
2I. GILBERT (JAMES 1)b.c.1654
"Gilbert Warren of Kittery... Yeoman... in consideration of a Valuable Sum of Money... paid by William Rogers of ye same Kittery... Yeoman... Doe... Sell... thirty Acres of land granted to me by the town of Kittery aforesd May ye 24th 1699... this Nineteenth day of March... one thousand Seven hundred and two three... Gilbert X Warren... In the prsence of us... Nathan Lord, Joshua Plaisted".(2)
"Gilbert Warring of Kittery... for and in consideration of the Sum of thirty five pounds ten Shillings... at or before the 30th day of Novembr next ensuing... paid by Daniel Mackentier of York... Do... sell... Land Scituate Lying and being in the Township of York... formerly the land of one James Warrings of Kittery and laid out unto him by the Select men of York... 40 Acres of upland bounded... On... Thomas Donnells Marsh and from thence... to the head of Majr Clarks Marsh and from thence... by the highway... this Nineteenth day of ffebruary... 1706/7... Gilbert G Warren, Sarah S Warren... witnesses Baker X Nason, James Warren"(3)
"Baker Nason Carpenter and Elizabeth his wife, of Kittery... for and in consideration of the Sum of twenty five pounds... paid... by Gilbert Warren of ye Same Kittery... Yeoman... doe... sell... land Scituate and lying in the township of Kittery... Comprehended in the homestall of the sd Nasons, taking its begining at ye highway that leads from Sturgeon Creek to Barwick Meeting House on the east Side of sd way... bounded on the Northward Side by Benjamin Nason land... containing ten Acres... this Nineteenth day of ffebruary... 1706/7... Baker X Nason, Elizabeth Nason... Witnesses- Daniel Mackintier, James Warren".(5)
"We James Emery, Daniel Emery, Job Emery and Gilbert Warren of ye town of Kittery in ye County of York in ye Province of ye Massachusetts Bay in New England and Sylvanus Knock of ye town of Dover in ye Province of New Hampshire in ye county aforesaid for and in consideration of that Natural love and we bear unto our loving Cousin Zacharias Emery ye son of our brother Zacharias Emery Have absolutely and freely Given... ye Moeity or half of a tract of land that was given to our brother Noah emery by the Town of Kittery... and the other... half given to our brother Zechariah Emery by the town of Kittery... the whole tract of land being one hundred Acres Lying & Scituate in the town of Kittery and near to a place called Micums Cove which Lyeth on the Southward Side of ye Southwest branch of York river And is bounded on the Dividing line between the town of York and ye town of Kittery... this Seventeenth day of March... one thousand Seven hundred and Six, Seven... James Emery, Daniel Emery, Job Emery, Gilbert G Warren, Silvanus Nock... In the presence of us- Nicholas Gowen, Joseph Pray, Mary Hill".From the language used in the deed it is evident that Sylvanus Knock and Gilbert Warren had the same relationship with James, Job and Daniel: brothers-in-law.(4)
"I Gilbert Warren of Berwick... Yeoman For and in Consideration of Twenty eight Pounds... paid... by John Thompson of... Berwick Yeoman.... do... sell... Two Messuages Tracts or Parcels of Land & Meadow containing in all Twenty Acres situate lying and being in the Town of Berwick... bounded... on... the Great Works River... and has in it two small Points of Land and Meadow near four Acres- The Remaining Part is on the South Side of sd River... near York Line... wch was laid out to me by Daniel Emery Surveyr for Kittery the 6th Day of Decembr 1708 by Virtue of a Grant made to me by the Town of Kittery May 16th 1694... the fourteenth Day of May... One Thousand seven Hundred and Twenty Eight- Gilbert X Warren, Sarah X Warren... in Presence of us John Bradstreet, Gabriel Hambleton, Nathan Lord Junr".(6)
"I John Stackpole of Biddiford... Gent for & in Consideration of Twenty Eight Pounds... paid by Gilbert Warren of Berwick... Yeoman... do... sell... Two Tracts or Parcells of Land & Meadow Lying & being in the Town of Berwick... being Twenty acres in ye whole bounded viz: near four acres Lyes on the North side of Great Works River... in it two small Points of Land & Meadow the Remaining part Lyes on the South side of sd River.. to York Line... as it was Laid out by Nicholas Gowen Surveyor for Kittery to James Stagpole July 16: 1702... the Twentieth Day of May... one thousand Seven Hundred & Twenty Eight- John Stackpole... in Presence of us James Grant, Joseph Moulton, John Bradstreet."(7)"In the Name of God AMEN!
This Second Day of April in the Year of our Lord God one thousand Seven Hundred and twenty Eight and in the first year of King George's the Second Reign &c I Gilbert Warren Senr of Berwick in the County of York &c Husbandman, being infirm in body, but of sound and disposing Mind Do make and ordain this My last Will and Testament-
Principally and first of all, I give and Recommend my Soul into the Hands of my blessed Redeemer & my Body I Recommend to the Earth to be Decently Interd, at ye Discretion of my Execr & Executrix hereafter named in this Instrument, Nothing doubting, but in the general Resurrection, I shall Receive the same again, by the mighty Power of God And as touching such worldly Estate, where with it hath pleased God to bless me in this world I give, after my Debts and funeral charge are paid. I give and dispose of the same, in the maner and form following.
Imprimis. I give and bequeath to my Daughter Jane Stockbridge five shillings.
Item I give and bequeath to my Daughter Margaret Hearl five shillings
Item I give and bequeath to my beloved wife Sarah to be to her sole use and Dispose to her and her assigns for ever All the Rest of my Estate both Real and personal
Finally I constitute my sd wife, and my son in law John Thompson to be Joynt Executrix and Execur of this my last Will and Testamt hereby Revoaking all former will or wills by me made or causd to be made
Signed Sealed pronounced and Declared to be the last Will and Testament of Gilbert Warren aforesd- In presence
Saml. X Savery Gilbert G Warren
Gilbert Warren's WillPage 1, Page 2
On 28 Dec. 1738 Sarah Warren, widow of Gilbert Warren sold land in Kittery.
"Sarah Warren of Berwick... Widow late Wife of Gilbert Warren of Berwick Husbandman Decd... for nad in Consideration of the Sum of Fifty five Pounds... paid by Samuel Nason of Berwick... Yeoman... do... sell... five Acres of Land Situate in Berwick... Bounded... by Lands of Benja Nason... Saml Nason... Lands of the sd Sarah Warren & Partly by Lands... of Elizabeth Nason which five Acres is the Easterly or South easterly half Part of Ten Acres of Land Which... Gilbert Warren bought of Baker Nason Dec.d as by Deed Dated the Nineteenth Day of Febry... 1706/7... having been Devised to me by my Husband Gilbert Warren Dec.d in Fee as by his last Will & Testament...Eighteenth Day of April... One Thousand seven hundred & thirty Seven- Sarah X Warren... in Presence of John Hill, Eliza X Allin, John Stockbridge".(8)
Ref:(1) York Co. Probate- No. 19613
(2) York Deeds- Vol. VII, fol. 12
(3) Ibid- fol. 68
(4) Ibid- fol. 69
(5) Ibid- fol. 80
(6) Ibid- Vol. XII, Part II, fol. 333
(7) Ibid- Vol. XIV, fol. 126
(8) Ibid- Vol. XVIII, fol. 222
Genealogical Records of Descendants of John and Anthony Emery of Newbury- Rufus Emery, p. 314
Old Kittery and Her Families- Everett S. Stackpole, Lewiston Journal, 1903, p.786
4V. JAMES (JAMES 1)m. 1691 MARY (2) FOST of Dover (d. after June 1750)
James was a surveyor of highways and fences in 1692-3, and in 1698-9; constable in 1693-4; grandjuryman in 1695 and 1702; selectman from 1696 to 1698; auditing committee from 1696 to 1699; and on the committee to divide Kittery from Berwick in Feb. 1713/4.
"A Court of sessions of the peace held at Wells the fourth Day of Mar 1689/90 before Majr John Davese Esqr Deputy prsident Capt Francis Hooke Mr Samuell Wheelewright and John Wine... Justices of the peace... James Warren Junr being bound to this Court to answere Elizabeth Gattensby for being the father of a Child which shee then was great withall and being now delivered & not Capeable of appearance at this Court the sd James Warren appeared and his bond is continewed till the next Court of sessions of the peace and is by proclamation Cleared from his bond for the good behaviour... James Warren Junr appearing to answere his bond the young woman his accuser being newly Delivrd of a Child was prevented appearance & his bond for appearance Continewed to another sessions the 25. Instant at Major Frosts house & is Cleared of his bond of good behaviour."(5)
Unfortunately, there seems to be a gap in the records for the Court of Sessions for the end of March, the next court records being in June. I suspect James got off as we then find him two years later with Mary in court for fornication 1 Nov. 1692:"Wee present James Warrin & Mary his wife of barwick for fornication".
This court case continued as at the Court of Sessions of 3 Oct. 1693:
"James Warren and Mary his wife and William Fost & his wife being presented for fornication & doe withdraw & will not be found by the Constable it is ordered that the Clarke shall give Especiall warrant to seize them and take tenn pounds bond of each for their appeareance at the next sessikons or keepe in safe Custody for their appeareance there".And at the next Court 2 Jan. 1693/4:
"James Warren Junr Voluntarily appeareing for his owne and his wifes presentment for fornication is fined twenty shillings & to pay 5s fees which he paid Down". (1)
Despite this, James was appointed constable by the time of the Court of Sessions held on 3 July 1694:
"Ordered that the Sheriff shall pay ten shillings to James Warren Constable of Kittery out of the fines for his labour and Charges about James Emery Senr and his sones".(6)
And he was on the jury by 1 Jan. 1694/5.(7)
James received a 30 acre grant from the town of Kittery on 16 May 1694, the lot was bounded by land of Mr. Wise, Capt. Chabourne, Nathaniel Frost, James Frost Jr. and Alley Mackoley.(11)
"I John Fost of dover being week and in expectation of my chainge... I will and bequeath to my S Humphry half of my housing and lands for his one use and benephit requesting and appointing my Son in law James warrin to be his over sar counseler lest he be ronged of a comfortabel maintainenc... I will and bequeath unto my daughter mary one Shilling... this sevententh day of desember one thousand six hundred ninty and nine..." (4)
"I ffrancis Allen of Kittery... husbandman Do owe and am Justly Indebted unto Capt John Hill, Mr James Emery Mr James Warren Mr Joseph Couch Mr Joseph Hill and Mr Jacob Remich Selectmen of ye town of Kittery or to their Successrs in the sd Office... for... ye Just and full Sum of fiftie pounds... thie eighth day of July... 1706
The Condition of this Obligation that if the above bounden ffrancis Allen his heires &c Do from henceforward & forever hereafter Save ye sd Town of Kittery harmless and Indempnified from any manner of Charge or trouble towards ye Maintenance or Subsistence of one John Montaway who now resides and dwells with the sd ffrancis Allen of Kittery... Then this present Obligation to be utterly Null and Voyd... ffrancis Allen... Witnesses John Leighton, Samuel Small, Jos. Hamond Junr".(8)
"I James Warren of the Town of Barwick... Yeoman... in Consideration of the full & whole Sum of teen Pounds... paid... by Stephen Hardison of the Town of Barwick... Labourer... do... sell... nineteen Acres of a thiry Acre Grant of Land granted & given to me the foresd James Warren by the Town of Kittery May the twenty fourth One thousand six hundred ninety & nine... this first Day of April... One thousand seven hundred & twenty."(10)
On 22 Nov. 1723 "we Humphrey Chadbourn & James Warren both of Berwick... whereas Divers Controversies & Debates heretofore hath been had moved and are yet Depending Between Josiah Winn of ye Town of Wells... of the one Party & Malachi Edwards of ye Town of wells... Yeoman of ye other party... for ye Performance of all & every ye award Arbittirment Determination & Judgment of us ye sd Humphrey Chadbourn & James Warren arbitrators Indifferently Elected & Chosen..." This case was about a settlement concerning a saw mill in wells... Humphrey and James were paid 35 shillings each for their time.(8)
Mary deposed in 1734 age 67 that it was 44 years since she first knew the Lovering house at Quamphegan. In June 1750, age 84, she gave a deposition concerning the early Chadbourne family.
James Warren of Berwick, cordwainer, sold for £15 to Benjamin Weymouth and Thomas Hobbs of Sommersworth, laborers, six acres "which Tract or Parcel of Land was Granted to my Father James Warren of Barwick late Decd in the Year 1673 by the Town of Kittery... Part of an additional Grant to my Fathers Homestedd place..."(2) The deed was witnessed by "Gilbard Warren" and Nathaniel Perkins."A True Inventory of all & Singular the Goods Rights & Crdits Both Real & personall of James Waren Late of Barwick Decesed Prised at Barwick September ye 22nd 1725 by Jno: Coopper Walter Abbot & Nicholas Gowen By ordr of ye Honable John Wheelwright Esq Judge of Probate
Imprimis His Purs and apparel...................................................£ 10=00=00
Books 5/ a hors and saddle iilb in all..........................................7=5=-
In ye Loer Roome one Bed Beading & Bedstead belonging
to the same......................................................................................15=00=-
To a Nother Good Bead Beeding 10lb.......................................10=00=-
To 1 Cattails Beed and Beading 2lb=10s.....................................2=10=-
To Woolling yarne 5lb- to Cotton Wool & yearne 40/................7=-=-
To the Iron pots and kittle & 2 skillets.............................................4=-=-
To 5 puter Platters 30/ to 7 Do plates & 1 Tanker With som
other ould Puter In all......................................................................3=14=-
To 3 Woodden platters & other Woodden utensels 10/...........-=10=-
To 3 milk trais & other mild vessels & some Earthen Ware...1=-2=-
To a Warming Pan 20/ some glass Bottles and other Glasses
and something Iron In all...............................................................1=12=-
To tonges Shovels tramils frying pan ?Stillard? In all..............1=14=-
To 1 Gun 3lb to 2 Chests 7 Chears a table In all.........................5=-=-
To a Spining Whele & Cards 10/ & some spoons and a bag.1=3=-
To 3 Buckets and 1 ould Cask 17/ to Loomes and shairs 50/.3=07=-
To Carpenters tooles 33/6 to Beattle and Wedges 8/..............2=01=6
To a Cart and Irons 50/ to Chains 16/ to horstakling 12/ &
plow Irons yoke and utensels In all.............................................5=1=-
To a Breeding Sow & other Swine..............................................04=-=-
To 15 Sheep 7lb=10s to 4 Cowes & 2 oxen In all.......................36=-=-
To ( ) young Cattle...........................................................................5=-=-
To the home Steed Hous Barn & Land...................................£400=00=00
To a Pece of Land at ye head of Messrs Spencers Land.....15=00=-
To fifty acres of Land Joyning to Jno Cooppers Land.............25=-=-
To a Percle of Land and Marsh at White Marsh......................100=-=-
To a fifth & 2 ( ) & tackeling ( ) 10s.........................................000=10=0
To a smal percel of fram tember 2-10-0.........................................2=10=0
Walter X Abbot
James Warren's InventoryPage 1, Page 2, Page 3
Ref:(1) York County Deeds- Vol. 5, fol. 2, pp. 16, 21, 23
Genealogical Dictionary of Maine & New Hampshire- p.721
6III. JAMES (JAMES 1, JAMES 2)b. 8 June 1698
James was evidently a surveyor as in a deed from John Thompson Sr. of Berwick to his son John Jr. he gives land "which was Laid out to me my James Warren Surveyor at that Time. Feb.ry the 25. 1720/21 by Virtue of a Grant Granted to me... by the Town of Kittery May the 10, 1703..."(4)Also there is the following:
"Pursuant to an Order of the General Court or Assembly held at Boston upon Tuesday the twenty fourth Day of October 1710 by Adjournment I James Warren of Berwick one of the Surveyors of s.d Town of Berwick on the eighth Day of December 1719 being Assisted by Nicholas Morrell & JOhn Shapleigh both of the Town of Kittery to Carry the Chain Surveyed Platted out eight hundred Acres formerly Granted by ye Gen.ll Court of the Massachusetts to the late Rev.d M.r Cotton formerly Minister in Boston... Bounded... from a Pair of Falls on Nuchewannuck River known & Called by the Name of the Stare Falls... James Warran Surv.r " (6)
"I James Warren of Berwick... Cordwainer for and in Consideration of the Sum of Fifty Four Pounds... paid by Samuel Nason... Yeoman... do sell... Eleven Acres of Land situate lying & being in the Township of sd Berwick... Bounded... by Gilbert Warrens Land... to Benjamin Nasons Land... by Mr John Huppers Land... Samuell Abbotts Line... July the Tenth... Seventy Hundred & thirty... James Warren, Mary Warren... in Presence of John Cooper, John Cooper Junr, John Bradstreet".(5)
"We Elizabeth Nason and Samuel Nason both of Berwick... Execrs to the last Will & Testament of Baker Nason of Berwick Decd Yeoman... for & in Consideration of the Sum of Fifty Four Pounds... paid... by James Warren... Cordwainer... do... sell... Eleven Acres of Land situate lying & being in the Township of sd Berwick... [same description as above]... July the seventh... seventeen hundred & thirty... Elizabeth Nason, Samuel Nason... in the Presence of us John Cooper, John Cooper Junr, John Bradstreet."(5)
Why Elizabeth and Samuel sold this property to James and he sold it back to Samuel is unclear. If Samuel wanted to purchase the property from his father's estate why didn't he just settle with the estate? Hmmm. James recorded the following deed at the same time:
"I James Warren of Berwick... Cordwainer for & in consideration of the Sum of elven Pounds... paid by John Huper Junr of sd Berwick Cordwainer... have granted... One Acre & Three Quarters of One Acre and seven Rods of land situate in sd Town... Bounded on the Eastward with the Rockey Hill & on... Warrens own Land &... with Moses Spencers Land &... with Land of John Hupper... this Twenty 5th Day of May one thousand seven hundred & thirty three... James Warren... in Presence of us... Thomas Gooding, Noah Thompson, Daniel Bridges".(5)
"We Gilbird Warren and John Warren both of Berwick... Labourers for & in Consideraton of the full & Just Sum of Thirty Four Pounds... paid... by Robert Gray of Berwick... Labourer... do... sell... a Parcel of Land situate lying & being in Berwick... containiny Thirty Four Acres & is Bounded by... Frances Harlow... thence to the Brook... We the said Gilbird & John Warren do... have... Authority to sell & dispose of the same as our own proper Right of Inheritance... this Seventeenth Day of November One Thousand Seven Hundred & Thirty Three... Gilbart Warren, John Warren...
I James Warren do Acknowledge my Self contented with this Division of the sd Fifty Acres as the Deed runs Part being Thirty Three Acres & Forty Rod... Dec. 14, 1733 James Warren... in Presence of us John Coopper, John Copper Junr...
And Whereas Abigail Waron the Wife of Gilbord Waron & Mary the Wife of John Waron doth also by these Presents freely & willingly give Yield up & Surrender all the Right of Dowry & power of Thirds of Thirty 3 Acres of & into the sd the above Robert Greay... this seventeenth Day of Dece.r 1733- Mary X Warren, Abigal X Warren- Mary X Lord, Sarah X Jeloson, John Warren".(3)In his will 31 Mar. 1759, Moses Goodwin Jr of Berwick left a bequest to his sister:
"Item. I give my Sister Mary Warren twenty six Shillings & eight pence lawful Money to be paid by my Executor."(2)
Ref:(1) Maine Wills- p. 785
Old Kittery and Her Families- Stackpole, p.786
7VIII. WILLIAM (JAMES 1, JAMES 2, JAMES 3)m. ESTHER WEYMOUTH
"In the name of God Amen the ninth day of march in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and nine I William Warren of Berwick in the County of York in the commonwealth of massachusetts coardwainer... do make and ordain this my last will and testament...
Item I give and bequeath unto my son William about two acres of land and the buildings on the same on the eastern side of the highway leading from Berwick to Kittery where he now dwells also the one half of all my other Lands according to Quantity and ( ) which I own in Berwick except about five acres in the field as the fence now stands and the buildings on the same on the western side of the high way aforesaid where I now dwell I also give and bequeath to my said son William the one half part of my stock of cattel and sheep.
Item I give and bequeath unto my son John about five acres of land with the buildings on the same on the western side of the high way leading from Berwick to Kittery where I now Dwell also the one half of all mhy other lands which I own in berwick and york the other half of the lands which I own in york I give and bequeath to my son William I also give to my son John the one half of my stock of cattel and sheep.
Item I give to my daughter Easter Stacpole and to my daughter Eunice goodwin and to the heirs of my daughter Sarah Goodwin and to the heirs of my daughter mary Cooper all my house hold furniture of every kind to be equally divided between them it is to be understood that the heirs of my daughter Eunice goodwin is to have one quarter part and the heirs of my daughter mary Cooper is to have the same
Item I give and bequeath to my two daughters and to the heirs of my two daughters aforesaid decd. twenty dollars each to be paid by my executors equally in stock or prduce within three years after my decease.
Item it is my will that each of my sons shall have liberty to pass and repass through each others land in some convenient way where it will be of the lest damage
Item I make ordain and appoint my sons William and John to be my sole executors of this my last will and testament wishing them well and truely to Execute this my will according to the true intent and meaning of the same.
Lastly... I have set my hand and seal this ninth day of march in the year of our Lord 1809... William Warren
in presence of us
Proved 15 Mar. 1824(1)
William Warren's will- Page 1, Page 2, Page 3
Ref:(1) York County Probate- docket No. 19652
Old Kittery and Her Families- Stackpole, p.788