1796 Census



The Rev. John Kelly's census in 1796

Early in the 19th century the influential vicar Rev. John Kelly in 1796 was afraid that the French might invade and overrun the village. He took the time and trouble to list his parishioners with their ages. There were then 102 families in Ardleigh, containing 593 males and 552 females. The number able to bear arms was 352 (aged between 15 and 60). In the register he writes:

'In consequence of the avowed intention of the French to make a descent upon this coast, as communicated by the Ministers of Parliament, I have thought it my duty to number by parishioners; which I have done by a domiciliary visitation; that in the event of an actual invasion, such a list may be useful, either to assemble us in order to make a resistance, or in case of dispersion, to enable us, upon return, to discover and ascertain our respective claims and settlements. '

Please note: On some websites the list only has 1,143 people. One individual has been left out, the other, number and person (546) has been left out by error by either Erith or Kelly.


These are the following parishioners he listed:  

The Vicarage  

Alpha House  

House and Warehouse on South sides of crossroads  

House  S.W. corner of crossroads  

King's Head now called the Ancient House  

Shop on side of the Cabin  

Cottage next but one to the King's Head  

House on site of the Chapel  

Cypress Cottage  

Wheelwright's shop next to Blacksmith  

Butcher's Shop - across the road from the chapel  

Next to William Lugar  

'The Lion'  

Tudor Cottage  

Shop opposite churchyard, then Calderbanks.  

Butcher's Shop opposite Ardleigh Hall Pond (butcher's shop until 1976).  

Single Storey cottage by butcher's shop  

Small dwelling (demolished)  

On site of Khartoum villas  

Ardleigh Hall  

Ardleigh Hall Cottages  

Ardleigh Hall Cottages  

 Cottage on Dedham Road  

House on Dedham Road (old Place)  

Rookery Farm  

?Maltings Farm  

Small Holding in Hunters Chase  

Thatched House in Hunters Chase  

Good Hall  

House Farm  

Abbott's Cottage demolished 1960  

Abbott's Cottage demolished 1960  

Badliss Hall  

Charity Farm  

Hungerdowns - brick Georgian House  

Bounds Farm  

Badley Hall  

Badley Hall Cottage - demolished about 1960  

Waterhouse Farm  

Half of Cottage (Rose Cottage)  

Other Half of the above  

Upsher Cottage - became Burnt Heath House  

Barons or Old Barn Farm - now demolished  

Chancery Farm  

Park Corner or Brownies - burnt down abt 1940  

Carrington's Farm ?  

Farm House, west of the Wheat Sheaf - demolished  

Cherry Tree Farm ?  

Windmill at top of Johnny Boys Hill - demolished in 1898, the mill house remained  

Hull Farm ?  

Broomhangings near Crockleford Mill  

 Slough Farm  

  Ardleigh Park  

Thatched Cottage - east of Park Farm  

Martells Hall - rebuilt on old foundations in 1880  

Bovills Hall, south of railway station.  

The Row - next to poorhouse  

Cottage, then was called The Croft  

The Poorhouse, Smythies Heath  

Half of a brick house, slate roof, just beyond poorhouse, demolished abt 1950  

Thatch cottage, single storey black weather boarded and next to  Guidepost farm, demolished 1942  

Guidepost farm  

The Lodge  

Chilvers Cottage, Crown Lane  

Brick House, then called John de Bois Hall  

 Spring Valley water mill  

Wallswood Mill halfway between Spring valley and Crockleford mills  

Crockleford Mill in Ardleigh Parish  

Mose Hall  

Fenhouse Farm ?  

Brickworks, opposite Fox and Hounds, claypit to the east  

Fox and Dogs, demolished about 1900, now Fox and Hounds  

Shaws Farm  

Brick Kiln on Ipswich Road near Plains Farm  

William Farm - now called Plains Farm  

Brickworks or Claypits,  just north of the Crown Inn, Ipswich Road  

Sandpit Farm  

Forge Cottage, on Ipswich Road by Crown Lane  

Crown Inn  

Leach's Farm - house demolished, part of Wick Farm  

Gate House Farm  

Hill Farm  

Wick Farm  

Cottage at end of Harts Lane , next to Blue Barns  

Blue Barns  

Bloomfields Farm  

Clarks Farmhouse ?  

Charity Cottage, administered by Vicar, on site of Pyecatts, Birchwood Corner  

God's House Farm  

Whaley Farm  

'Definately' living in the village but not on the list, perhaps away at the time:   


* - Charlotte Lewis appears to have been entered twice according to Erith. [1]