THE HISTORY OF STONINGTON CT, by Richard A. Wheeler, page 202.
THE GROTON AVERY CLAN, Vol. I, by Elroy McKendree Avery and Catherine Hitchcock (Tilden) Avery, Cleveland, 1912. Found in the DAR Library, Washington DC. Pages 78 & 103 & 104.
He was in King Philip's War and was a successful Indian interpreter. During the latter part of his life he removed to Montville, Conn.
Thomas-3 Avery may have for a short time at Stonington, but most of his life was spent at New London, forst on the east side of the river in what is now Groton, and later in the North Parish, now called Montville. May 12, 1681, he was made a freeman of New London; May, 1693, he was commissioned captain of the train band on the east side of the river, New London; in 1694, he was deputy ot the general court.
It is evident that James Avery and Thomas Minor had a clear understanding concerning the marriage portions to be given to their children. One the twenty-sixth of December, 1677, Captain James Avery and his wife, Joanna, executed a deed which was owned and subscribed before Thomas Minor as commissioner. The deed ran as follows:
This prsnt writing witnesseth to all it doe or may concerne that I James Avery of the couonty of New London, in ye Collony6 of Connecticott for divers good reasons & considerations known to myself and with my wife Joane Avery's consent fully give to my sonn Thomas Avery and his wife Hannah Avery my whole right of my parcell of land that I borght of Amos Richardson of Stonington be it more or less wh formerly was laide out and bounded to Mr. Obadiah Bruen of New London and also thirtie acres of upland upon Poquanys Plaine as it was formerly bounded to me from the swamp to the river, moreover one halfe of one hundred acres of upland and meadow as it was carried out and bounded and recorded to me at Pachauge next to Mr. Thomas Stanton, sen., his land. Also a piece of land joyning to Mr. Nehemiah Smith his playne lying betwixt Nehemiah Smiths land & ye comon I say all and every of these tracts and parcels of land I I doe give grant pass over alyeanate & confirm all my whole right and title to my sonn Thomas Avery & his wife Hannah Avery with all the privilledges & appurtenances to them belonging to them their heirs, executors and assigns forever to have & to hold possess & enjoy to use & improve for their best advantage provided that if either he or she shall have occasion to sell any one or more of these particular tracts or parcells of land they shall first make tender of it to the said Thomas Avery's Brothers and if they accept of the profer to give a rational price for it to sell it to no other person I doe hereby bind my other sonnes to make him or her the like tender upon the same terms and to the ture performance of and to every particular hereof we set our hands & seals this 26th of December, 1677.
Signed seaaled and delivered
in the presence of James Avery
William Mead Joane Avery
(New London Deads.)
Thomas Minor and Grace his wife had already deeded, Dec. 17, 1677, 150 acres of land to their daughter Hannah and her husband, Thomas Avery:
To daughter Hannah Avery, during her natural life and to her husband Thomas Avery during his natural life although my said daughter should die before him and in case my daughter shall have any child or children at the time of her departure then living it shall be theirs forever to have and to hold possess and enjoy to use and improve with all the meadows joining to it, I say all the one hundred and fifty acres of upland and meadow as it was laid out to me with all the privileges & appurtenance belonging thereunto. And in case my daughter should die without any child then she shall have by deed full power to dispose of it to any one or two of my son Clement Minor, his sonnes as she shall see meet. Provided it shall not prevent her husband of it during his natural life if she die before her husband. I say my one hundred and fifty acres of upland and meadow lying at Anagomenacunuck as it was laid out to me and bounded and recorded at Hartford and in Stonington books of records. And hereinto we set our hands and seals this seventeenth day of December one thousand six hundred and seventy and seven.
James Noyes Thomas Minor
Samuel Avery Grace Minor Acknowledged before James Avery Commissioner.
(New London Deeds, 5:34)
Thomas Avery probably built upon one of these plots of land, as the following would indicate:
March, 1667-8. "the 23. Thomas Averys house was raysed."
June, 1668. Tuesday 25, Hannah went to her owne house."
Thomas-3 Avery received his share of his grandfather's estate by deed from his father, James Avery, April 1, 1685, and three weeks later sold it to his brother, Samuel. He also owned other land in New London. He was in the King Philip war of 1675, and, for his services, hat lot No. 10 of arable land and lot No. 154 of cedar swamp allotted to him in Vol.untown. He was in the illfated Fitz-John Winthrop expedition of 1690 which was to advance from Albany by way of Lake Champlain to Montreal. In his diary, Winthrop gives an account of the difficulties that they encountered. Under the date of Aug. 4, 1690, is found the following:
"I consulted with the officers & twas concluded to march forwards, & then devided our provition, wch was about 35 cakes of bread for each souldr, besides pork, which was scarce eatable. At this post (Saratoga) i left Liut Tho. Avery with some souldrs tp gaurd our provition to us wch was coming up the river". (The Winthrop Papers, Massachusetts Hist. Col., Fifth Series, 8:314).
For an account of this expedition, see Avery's "History of the United States and Its People," vol. 3, pages 263, 264.
The latter part of his life he lived near the Mohegan Indian reservation. On the 22d of June, 1720, Capt. Thomas Avery and his brother Capt. James Avery were appointed interpreters for the Mohegans in a suit then pending before the governor and council. In 1721, Caezer, the sachem of the Mohegans, conveyed to Thomas Avery 160 acres of land in consideration of the kindness shown them by Captain Avery and his family. Upon this land Thomas Avery lived; the house he built there is still standing. About ten years before his death, in consideration of love and good will and on account of the infirmities of age, he conveyed this land to his son, Abraham.
The last entry of accessions to the church of New London during Mr. Bradstreet's ministry reads: "Sept. 10, 1682, Thomas Avery and wife were added to the Church." They were among the organizers of the church of the North Parish, afterward called Montville. Their names appear first on the list of original covenanters. Before the North Parish could enjoy religious services, a long-standing quarrel had to be settled. October, 1721, the parish petitioned the general court for liberty to form a separate church. The first name on the petition was that of Thomas-3 Avery, the third was that of Abraham-4 Avery. (Connecticut Ecclesiastical Archives, 2:251.)
Finally, Jan. 17, 1721, it was agreed that the meeting-house should stand on Raymond Hill, land being given for the purpose. In his church record, Mr. James Hillhouse, the first minister, says:
"I was installed October the 3d day, 1722.
Mr. Adams preached from Acts 16:9. There were seven that belonged to the Church at my installment - Capt. Avery, Capt. Denison, Mr. Nathl Otis, Mr. Allen, Mr. Vibber, Charles Cambell and one Deacon."
Thomas-3 Avery died at Montville, Jan. 5, 1736. His widow died Jan. 28, 1742, at Norwich.
It has been found very difficult to arrange the record of the children of Thomas Avery by his two wives. Thomas Minor died Oct. 23, 1690. The following items are taken from his diary:
1655, Oct. "Satterday the 15 my wife was delivered of hana"
"Tho: Averie and Hanah Minor was maried the 22 of october 1677."
1679, April. "20 day Hanah son was borne."
1680, Nov. "Monday the 15, hanahs second sonn was borne."
The second of October 1682 Tho: Averys daughter was borne."
1684, Aug. "Tuesday the 12, Thomas Avery his childe was buried."
Hanah Avery her children.
This last item has no date but must have been written shortly before his death. The births of Thomas and Samuel are recorded on the New London town-books. The baptisms of Thomas, Samuel, Abraham, Joshua, and a "child" (Oct. 25, 1704) are recorded on the books of the First Church of New London; the baptisms of Hannah and Ephraim are found on the books of the First Church of Stonington; those of Charles, isaac and Peter appear on the books of the First Church of Norwich. Mr. Baker, in his history of Montville, says that Jonathan was b. Dec. 9, 1691, but he was not able to give any satisfactory authority for that statement and it is hardly possible that Jonathan could have been born in December, 1691, and Abraham baptized March 6, 1692.
Dec. 2, 1736, Samuel Avery, Abraham Avery and Hannah (Avery) Minor seem to be the only surviving children of Thomas-3 and Hannah (Minor) Avery. At that time, in connection with Thomas Minor, the husband of Hannah (Avery) Minor, they sold the 150 acres of land that came to them from their honored grandfather and his wife, Grace. This land had been given by Thomas Minor and his wife, Grace, to his daughter, Hannah Monor Avery, and her husband Thomas-3 Avery for their life. When both were dead, the land was to revert to Hannah Minor Avery's surviving children. (See deed). The children, Ephraim and Thomas, were dead. Samuel, Abraham and Hannah, as heirs-at-law, sold the land. Jonathan Avery was, at this time, very much alive, but he did not join in the sale. It seem improbable that he was the son of Hannah (Minor) Avery.
(Preston Land Records, 5:7).
Thomas-3 Avery had a daughter Mary by his second wife Hannah Raymond. Mary (Smith) Raymond, widow of Samuel Raymond, and daughter of Nehemiah Smith, made a will May 8, 1705. This was probated at New London. She mentioned cousin Hannah Avery, Elizabeth Avery, daughter of cousin Martha Ransford deceased, and cousin Mary Avery. She was the aunt of Hannah Raymond Avery. Thomas and Hannah (Raymond) Avery probably had a daughter Elizabeth, as an Elizabeth Avery was maarried to Sylvester Baldwin, at Montville, May 9, 1724, by the Rev. Mr. Hillhouse.
DENISON GENEALOGY, by E. Glenn Denison, Josephine Middleton Peck, Donald L.
Jacobus, The Pequot Press, Inc. Stonington, CT, 1963. Page 15.
Researching this line is [email protected]
Researching this line is David Hoffman at [email protected]
Sources: Groton Avery Clan; Averys of Groton; Montville; Savage; National Society, Daughters of Colonial Wars; AF.
AG: Thomas Avery, born in the part of New London that is now Groton, Conn.
AG: Married Hannah ______ Oct. 22 1667.
Montville: Thomas Avery, born 6 May 1651, married (1) Hannah Miner and (2) Hannah Raymond, born 8 Aug. 1668, daughter of Joshua Raymond and Elizabeth Smith.
Savage: Thomas Avery, born 6 May 1651.
Researching this line is Joleene Duff at [email protected]