- Naissance: 1648, Saint-Benoit, Paris, Fr
- Mariage : Élisabeth HUBERT le 20 Jul 1668 à Québec, Ca
- Décès: 08 Fév 1700, Montpellier-de-Médillan, Poitou-Charentes, Fr à l'âge de 52 ans
Notes générales :
Louis est arrivé en Nouvelle-France en 1665. Il se marie en 1668 (mariage par contrat notarié - notaire Jean Lecomte ). Il était soldat de la compagnie de Grand-Fontaine du régiment de Carignan. Il a 32 ans au recencement de 1681 et il habite Québec.
Procureur du roi à la Prévôté de Québec du 16 août 1676 au 30 avril 1681 (date où il est répudié par le conseil souverain), puis de 1684 au 4 juin 1686 car il fut remis en poste par Frontenac puis de nouveau interdit par le roi. Il repasse en France peu après son interdiction par le roi (avant le 17 novembre 1691).
Translation of Article on Louis Boulduc, from the Canadian French in National Dictionary of Quebec, Part II, 1608-1760. Translated (roughly) by Jerry Lovejoy & wife Denise Dolbear Lovejoy.
LOUIS BOULDUC PROCURATOR/PROXY OF THE KING IN QUEBEC
Louis Bolduc had originated from Saint-Benoit de Paris. Île-de-France. He came to Canada in the regiment of Carignan (1), company of Grand Fountain, in 1665.
In 1668, he obtained a license for his marriage to Quebec's Élisabeth Hubert. In 1674, he sold his Charlesbourg (2) home and came to establish himself in Quebec. Two years later (1676 ?), he was named procurator/proxy (3) of the King for theProvost of Québec. He occupied that post for six (6) years.
During that time, he began a long dispute with the Sovereign Counsel and in particular with the intendant Duchesneau. Condemned by the counsel he was ordered to return to France with his friend and patron Frontenac (4).
Four years later, the King dismissed him from his post forever. Meanwhile, Elisabeth Hubert, his wife, was called again to France, with one of their daughters, Louise. The other children remained in Canada.
Louis was accused of embezzlements of all kinds and of accepting bribes in the exercise of his post. In a letter to the Ministry the 13th of November 1680, the intendant Duchesneau, wrote this about the matter:
"For the procurator/proxy of the king, of that high bench, the sieur Boulduc, I cannot conceal that he is completely unworthy of his post. He is accused of embezzlement, of robbery from all the homes in which people suffer, of being a debaucher and a blackguard continuously and if not for monsieur le comte de Frontenac, I would have brought forth this actions of his protégé. I am not contented in order not to offend him (count Frontenac?), by this deed of telling about the procurator, to have observed a strong reprimand in the presence of the lieutenant-general."
This was sufficiently rigid as an accusation, in order to understand all of this. He did well to go along with the spirit of the moment. You know the awful quarrels that there were between Frontenac and his intendant Duchesneau. The second man, in seeking his (Bolduc) death. (SONTENT pour des VENTELLES.) Now Boulduc was a protégé of Frontenac, for which it was that the intendant Duchesneau did not like he who was our ancestor.
It seems well that it was due for a good part in the Boulduc affair that Frontenac was recalled to France. After his conviction by the Sovereign Counsel, Louis Boulduc tried to be reinstalled in his post, but it was in vain, as one saw the great haughtiness. Meanwhile, the governor-Marquis de Denonville wrote this to the Ministry:
"Monsieur the intendant said that you ordered him to have reestablished the name Boulduc in the post of procurator/proxy of the king for the Provost of Québec, assuming that he and I judge that the pain of his long absence was insufficientfor expiation of his mistakes; that was given to me in place of my inquiry of the life and morals of the Boulduc. I have determined that he is a complete scamp who is never to be tolerated in a similar post. This country, sir, needs punishmentsfor those who manage it are evil. His past wife was born in France. I have gladly given him passport in order to deliver the country from a sufficiently evil furnishing. He left us his children who are reduced to the charity of good people."
What did he think of the accusations that bear fury against our ancestor? Trifles in underhandedness, because of the passion, which divided in such case Québec into two camps for the good reason of the difference in language and without doubt the increase of the truth, if not charity. Louis Boulduc and his wife never returned to Canada. Our ancestor seems to have died in Paris. "(End of Translation)
NOTE 1: The Carignan-Salières Regiment, which brought Louis to Québec as one of its soldiers, was the largest body of French troops ever sent to New France. The troop of over 1000 men came to the settlement in 1665 to render the lower St. Lawrence valley safe from Indian-raids. Its mission was very successful, and almost half of the soldiers of the regiment remained behind to settle Québec. Louis was one of these men.
NOTE 2: The town of Charlesbourg where Louis originally settled in Québec is on the Saint-Charles River. It is one of the oldest parishes in Québec, settled in 1659 as Bourg Royal.
NOTE 3: According to Your Ancient Canadian Ties, 1972, by OLIVER; Louis was "adjutant for M. de Lotbinière, and became public prosecutor for the king."
NOTE 4: FRONTENAC, Louis de Buade, comte de 1620-98, French governor of New France(1672-82, 1689-92). Dealt successfully with the Indians, encouraged explorations, and aided in establishment of forts. Sought to restrain British in French andIndian Wars. Reestablished Fort Frontenac, on site of Kingston, Ontario in 1696. La Salle was commandant of original fort (1673). Its capture by British in 1758 gave them control of Lake Ontario.
French colonial officer: B. France 1630: d. Québec, 28 Nov. 1698. He entered the army in 1635 and at an early age became brigadier. In 1672 he was appointed governor of the French possessions in North America. Of an imperious nature, the newgovernor was nevertheless most energetic and aimed at an orderly, well-directed administration of the colony, which he believed would herald an era of great prosperity. To this end he inaugurated a city administration in Québec and convened the clergy, nobles and commons. Frontenac's reforms met with little favor from his sovereign and he was shorn of much of his power. Quarrels with the Jesuits, the new intendant and the governor of Montréal divided the colony, and the news spreading to France, Frontenac was recalled in 1682. In spite of his violent temper he gained the confidence of the settlers and the respect of the Indians, and in 1689, when to the horror of constant attacks from the Iroquois the misery of awarwith England was added, he was again sent out by the king, as the only man who could rouse the colonists to hope and action. During the next nine years he loosed his savage allies on the defenseless villages on New England, repulsed a British attack on Québec and so broke the power of the Iroquois that they were never again a terror to the colony.
NOTE 5: Louis XIV - (1643 - 1715) was king of France at the time, during the Renaissance. The reigns of his predecessor (Louis XIII - 1610-43) and his own reign had parts which were dominated by cardinals RICHELIEU and MAZARIN, and made France a nearly absolute monarchy. In a series of costly wars they raised France to the chief power of Europe.
NOTE 6: Supporting the idea that there were other branches of the Boulduc family in France, is the following reference to a Boulduc in the court of Louis XV, sometime during or after the year 1718.
From: A Popular History of France from the Earliest Times, by M. Guizot, translated by Robert Block, M.A., Volume VI, Published at Boston - Dana Estes & Charles E. LAURIAT. (Page 103).
Accusations of greater gravity had been recently renewed against the Duke of Orleans. The king had been ill; for just a moment the danger had appeared serious; the emotion in France was general, the cabal opposed to the Regent went beyond mere anxiety.
"The consternation everywhere was great," says Saint-Simon; "I had the privileges of entry, and so I went into the king's chamber. I found it very empty; the Duke of Orléans seated at the chimney corner, very forlorn and very sad. I went up to him for a moment, then I approached the king's bed. At that moment, Boulduc, one of his apothecaries, was giving him something to take. The Duchess of la Ferte was at Boulduc's elbow, and, having turned round to see who was coming, she sawme, and all at once said to me, betwixt loud and soft, 'He is poisoned, he is poisoned.' 'Hold your tongue, do, ' said I; 'that is awful!' She went on again, so much and so loud, that I Was afraid the king would hear her. Boulduc and I lookedat one another, and I immediately withdrew from the bed and from that madwoman, with whom I was on no sort of terms. The ill was not a long one, and the convalescence was speedy, which tranquillity and joy, and caused an outburst of Te Deumsand rejoicing.
Robert Bolduc, of the Québec embassy in Boston, believes that Louis was the last Bolduc in France, and that after his return to France with his wife and daughters, was seen no more. Robert had a friend who was also a genealogist, who claimedno more Bolducs could be found in Europe after Louis. My own family's oral tradition has it that Louis was put to death upon his return. This seems unlikely, after noting the career of Louis patron Frontenac, whom it seems was perhaps a pawnin the political battle between Frontenac and the clergy, but is possible. However I believe there were other branches of the Boulduc family, as shown above, that were in France at least after 1718.
One Boulduc researchers, Eleanor Bolduc of Falmouth, MA. has indicated (in a listing in the "Roots" cellar of Everton Publishers of Utah) that she descends from a Pierre Bolduc who married in 1810 at Québec, but also from a Pierre Bolduc whowas born in 1827 in France. There seems to be enough evidence to allow us to assume Louis was but a branch of the Bolducs of France, and that the three sons left behind in Québec were not the last of the line.
As far as Louis1 Bolduc's performance in Canada, the records indicate infamy, and nothing I have yet found, will prove or disprove these changes.
• Profession: procureur du roi (king's attorney at law).
Louis épousa Élisabeth HUBERT, fille de Claude HUBERT et Isabelle FONTAINE, le 20 Jul 1668 à Québec, Ca. (Élisabeth HUBERT naquit en 1651 à Saint-Gervais, Paris, Fr et est décédée le 07 Nov 1701 à Saint-Joachim, Québec, Ca.)
Les événements importants de leur mariage ont été :
• Contrat de mariage, 20 Aoû 1668.