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The Canterbury was a new ship, 970 tons, when she came out to Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand. Sailed from the East India Docks, London, 18 June 1851 and arrived 18 October under the command of Captain Edwards with 143 souls. She carried a sixteen ponder cannon, sometimes used to salute ships coming into port.
Shipping Office, Canterbury Association, 74, Cornhill. 18 June, 1851 List of Persons whom the Canterbury Association have authorized to embark for Canterbury, New Zealand. Edwards, Commander, Dr. White, Surgeon - Superintendant, Frederick Young, Manger of Shipping
Chief CabinAdams John 22 M for Wellington Andrews Miss F Brown E.F. M Creyke A.R. 23 M Eade Rev. M Chaplain Edward Mrs. F Field James 50 M Y 2 Field James 15 M Field Strickland 17 M Field Mrs E. 45 F Y 2 Kennaway James M Kennaway William M Leroo Mrs M. 60 F Y Napier John 18 M Simon Algmason? M Barrington Simon Edith Jane F Simon Mrs F Simon Winfred Louise F Simon Geoffrey M Barrington Simon Phillip M Barrington Vigers Ann 34 F Y 5 Vigers Ann 34 F Y 5 Vigers Ann 6 F Vigers C. K 35 M Y 5 Vigers Charles 5 M Vigers James 4 M Vigers Mary 2 F Vigers William 8 M White Dr. Arthur D. M Surgeon Woolcombe B. M
Second CabinM schoolmaster Brown John 50 M Y for Auckland Dyer M.A. Miss 26 F Dyer Mr. 24 M Higgs Richard 24 M Lloyd Edward 26 M McPherson Mango 22 M Merewether Sidney 19 M for Wellington Parsons Charles 21 M Shaw Thomas 26 M Spencer Edward 21 M
Steerage Free & AssistedBelfield Thomas 22 M Agr. Laborer not going Biffin Emma 24 F Cook Blackler Harriett 1 F Blackler Harriett 31 F Y 4 Blackler James 34 M Y 4 Agr. Laborer Mr Kennaway Blackler James 9 M Blackler John 5 M Blackler William 2 M Brown Thomas 41 M Castleman Charles 19 M Laborer Castleman John 21 M Servant Servant to Capt. Simon Dean Edwin 14 M Dean George 37 M Y 7 Dean George 6 M Dean Hannah 28 F Y 7 Dean Hannah 9 F Dean John 16 M Dean Joseph 18 M Laborer Dean Mary 11 F Dean Thomas inf M Evans Sarah 48 F Servant Everest David 18 M Y Carpenter Mr Field Everest Elizabeth 29 F Y Exon Alfred 23 M Y Agr. Laborer Mr Vigers Exon Caroline 24 F Y Mr Vigers Farland George 6 M Farland James 2 M Farland John inf M Farland Mary 34 F Y 4 Farland William 4 M Farland James 36 M Y 4 Agr . Laborer Field Jane 24 F Housemaid Fitton Charles 39 M Y 2 Fitton Edwin 1 M Fitton Elizabeth 39 F Y 2 Fitton Matthew 6 M Fitzwater Ann 36 F Fitzwater Ann 15 F not going Gibbs Arthur 35 M Y 3 Gibbs George 16 M Gibbs Kezin 13 F Gibbs Rachael 33 F Y 3 Gibbs Rebecca 10 F Kindal Alice 3 F Kindal Charles 8 M Kindal Elizabeth 40 F Y 3 Kindal Frances 0 M Kindal James 37 M Y 3 Kindal Robert 10 M Lyckett Ann 15 F Lyckett Elizabeth 14 F Lyckett Louisa 9 F Lyckett Sarah 12 F Marsh George inf M Marsh George 39 M Y 1 Agr.. Laborer Marsh Harriett 15 F Domestic Servant Marsh Kezia 16 F Domestic Servant Marsh Mary 40 F Y 1 Metcalfe Harriett 24 F Y Metcalfe Joseph 28 M Y Agr. Laborer Mitchell Henry 37 M Y House servant Mitchell Sarah 27 F Seagell Samuel 26 M Blacksmith Shute George 23 M Agr. Laborer Mr Vigers Smith John 28 M Agr. Laborer Mr Creyke Somas Elizabeth 14 F Y Somas James 35 M Y Laborer Sowman Alfred 3 M Sowman Richard 0 M Sowman Sarah 30 F Y 4 Sowman Sarah 6 F Sowman William 9 M Sowman William 32 M Y 4 Agr. Laborer Mr Dyer Spilsbery Ann 36 F Y 4 Spilsbery Hannah 2 F Spilsbery John 7 M Spilsbery Louis 38 M Y 4 Laborer Spilsbery Louis 4 M Spilsbery Richard 8 M Vincent Amelia 11 F Vincent Elizabeth inf F Vincent Elizabeth 29 F Y 6 Vincent Emma 9 F Vincent Henry 10 M Vincent Sarah 7 F Vincent Thomas 2 M Vincent William 35 M Y 6 Agr. Laborer Wardon Harriett 23 F Servant Winsett Eliza 12 F (Wympsett) Winsett Elizabeth 14 F (Wympsett) Winsett Henry 12 M (Wympsett) Winsett Mary 1 F (Wympsett) Winsett Mary 36 F Y 5 (Wympsett) Winsett Thomas 36 M Y 5 Blacksmith (Wympsett) Passenger Lists of the Canterbury Association Ships, published 1900 Winsett Thomas 2 M (Wympsett) Withers Mary 42 F Cook Woodman Elizabeth 30 F Y Woodman George 25 M Y Wheelwright Lieu't Woolcombe Wright Sarah 31 F Domestic Servant Mr Vigers
Reference: Canterbury Association Shipping Office (London, England) Lyttelton Shipping List Published: Salt Lake City, Utah : Genealogical Society of Salt Lake City, 1973. Copy of passenger lists of some Canterbury Association emigrant ships held in the Canterbury Museum. Available on microfilm at Family History Centres worldwide through their loan programme. Item #1066515
Marriage: Parsons - Dyer - On April 25 1855, C. Parsons, Governors Bay to Miss Dyer of same place.
Diaries: The Canterbury Museum Achieves holds diaries by Strickland S. Field and Dr. White.
Lady Lyttelton: The 'Canterbury' was christened one month before her departure by Lady Lyttelton. The ceremony took place after a public breakfast given at the East India Docks to the first portion of the main body. Lady Lyttelton, Mary Glynne, was married in a double wedding 1839 with her sister Catherine who married William Ewart Gladstone (1809-1898), British statesman, Liberal prime minister Great Britain.
George William Lyttelton, 4th Baron Lyttelton (31 March 1817 19 April 1876), Lord Lyttelton became chairman the Canterbury Association March 1850, and contributed at least 3500 pounds to the Association. He died 1876.
October 11 1851
- Lyttelton Times Oct. 1851
- Passenger Lists of the Canterbury Association Ships, published 1900
- Lyttelton Shipping List Canterbury Museum
- Canterbury Association Lyttelton Shipping List: Genealogical Society of Salt Lake City,
- Journals of Sir W and W. Kennaway. (microfilm Canterbury Library)
- Roll of Early Settlers and descendants in the Auckland province prior to the end of 1852 by F. Eade
Lloyd's Register of Shipping for 1851-1853
Canterbury, full-rigged ship of 681/789 tons built in Sunderland in 1851, owned by D. Dunbar, registered at London, captained by Molison, with a destined voyage to New Zealand. The vessel does not appear in the Register for 1856 onwards, maybe "sold foreign".
Another ship with the same name: "Fast craft of the 70s - Made 22 trips to New Zealand. Canterbury, three masted, iron built, a beautiful clipper ship, 1242 tons, built in 1874 for Patrick Henderson's Albion Line by Robert Duncan, sailed the seas for many years, made twenty-two voyages out to New Zealand during the 'seventies and 'eighties brought thousands of immigrants to New Zealand. She was one of the fastest sailors and most comfortable ships afloat, and made some remarkable runs both out and Home. On one occasion is credited with a run of 69 days port to port. The Canterbury was sold to Norway in 1905, and was still afloat in 1915. Page 71 "White Wings" Vol. 1 by H. Brett. Sailed Sep. 9 1898 and arrived Lyttelton 1898. Captain Collingwod. Days 99.
Length 239.8ft x beam 36ft x depth 20.7ft Transferred to Shaw Savill & Albion on formation of the company in 1882. In 1904 she was sold to N.A.Lydersen, Tvedsstrand, Norway and was eventually scrapped at Savona in 1927. Ref: Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.10, Shaw Savill & Albion
She was a three mast full rigged ship, a fast sailer. [Merchant Fleets, vol.10 by Duncan Haws]
Lloyd's Register: Code letters: MWDB Official Number: 68016
Master: Captain J. Collingwood
Rigging: Iron Ship; 2 decks; 1 cemented bulkhead
Tonnage: 1,309 tons gross, 1,126 under deck and 1,245 net
Dimensions: 239.7 feet long, 36 foot beam and holds 20.8 feet deep; Poop 70 feet; Forecastle 35 feet
Construction: 1874, R. Duncan & Co. in Port Glasgow
Owners: Shaw, Savill & Albion Co. Ltd.
Port of registry: Glasgow
Kennaway, William, b.1833. Biscuit and butter : a colonist's shipboard fare; the journal / kept by William & Laurence Kennaway on the emigrant ship Canterbury, London to Lyttleton, 1851 edited by R.C. Lamb and R.S. Gormack. Gormach, Robert Sydney, 1918-, Lamb, R. C. (Robert Cameron), 1910-, Kennaway, Laurence James, 1834-1904. Imprint : Christchurch : Nag's Head Press, 1973. 110 p. : ill ; 18 cm. Limited ed. of 250 copies.
Laurence James Kennaway
It was a long weary voyage of one hundred and twenty-two days, and-what is not to be quite forgotten-just as many nights just as weary. Our weather-battered old ship had been caught in her share of wild weather, and the share of three other ships besides, and her prisoners, the crew and passengers, had not sighted as much land as would serve to stand a flower-pot upon or to grow a geranium.
We were tired of the ship, tired of the voyage, and insufferably tired of each other; and our eyes seemed altogether salt and sea-weary with looking, for nearly five months, upon an unbroken circle of sea....and fourteen thousand miles of nothing but tossing salt water.
When the first settlers put their foot into Canterbury, New Zealand, it was little better, or more cheering, than Juan Fernandez to Robinson Crusoe. Laurence James Kennaway. CRUSTS a Settler's Fare due South. L.J. Kennaway returned to England in 1865 on the 'Blue Jacket'.
Earth I have said's represented in this Pacific washed island,
And so you will early find with a most unmistakable vengeance;
For on stepping on shore, and proposing to enter the country,
A slight excrescence of earth, commonly known as the "Port Hill,"
Will present itself to your sight, and request to be clambered.
It's perfectly frightful to think of the state of one's muscular tissues,
As this gigantic machine for taking it out of new comers
Is toilingly, sobbingly clambered, with bitter groans and exhaustion;
Turn after turn it winds, and the faint and ship-weakened traveller
Thinks that the top is ever his anxious struggles eluding:
Ah! but when he gains the top, let him look to the state of his muscles.
For they will be shaken, and twitch, and tremble worse ere he reaches.
Reaches the valley's foot and stops at a wind-beaten hostel.
Ah! let him live out his full ripe age, will be never forgotten,
Never forgotten his first ascent of the "Emigrant's Treadmill."
N.Z. 1864 Laurence James Kennaway CRUSTS a Settler's Fare due South.
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