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Nelson - New Zealand Bound

The octagonal lighthouse atop its concrete plinth is visible there on the Boulder Bank, in the middle. The Boulder Bank, is a natural breakwater of smooth oval stones 11 km long, stretching parallel with the waterfront and separates Nelson Haven from Tasman Bay and taking the brunt of what stormy seas throw its way. It was formed by the movement of granite and other igneous rocks eroding from Mackays Bluff by sea currents moving southwards. Photo taken by Olwyn, Nov. 2009 from the Centre of N.Z..

Passenger Lists  The Earlier Settlers database  
 5 lists Anne Longton, Edward Thornhill, Ocean Mail, Opawa, Slains Castle 
The Nelson Cemeteries Database or access here Fairfield Park
Embarkation and Application Numbers 1840 -1850 Nelson, NZ
Nelson data - hosted by Adrienne Richards includes Waimea Cemetery Records, Wakefield Marriage Registers.
Evening Mail - 1866 to 1869   1870 to 1874  1875 to 1877
1859 Nelson Directory - This is a index of Names.
1870 Waimea District
Passenger lists

Picton | Edwin Fox


Captain Arthur Wakefield arrived at Wellington in 1841, in command of the expeditionary vessel, the 'Will Watch,' to found the Nelson settlement somewhere in the Middle Island, and to take his instructions from his brother, Colonel Wakefield, the New Zealand Company's agent.  The Colonel wished his brother to go south to Port Cooper, where, as whalers had told him, there was a good harbour and plenty of level country.  Lieutenant Governor Hobson, however, forbade the southward expedition, and limited the choice of a site for the settlement to Blind Bay; hence Nelson was for years known as "Hobson Choice." Nelson Haven was discovered on 20 October 1841.  The other expeditionary vessels were the 'Arrow' and the 'Whitby' with 100 pioneers from England. A year later they were joined by their wives and children.

Several allotments were purchased by a Hamburg firm from the New Zealand Company, and the emigrants arrived in the St. Pauli, settling first at Moutere. A heavy flood caused many of them to move into Nelson. A second detachment of about 200 arrived in the Skiold in 1844, but owing to the hardships and trials of the new life nearly all, with the exception of about half the second batch left in the same year for Australia.

Port Nelson  (wayback) is a natural haven situated in the SE of Tasman Bay, at the top of the South Island.  During 1842, over three thousand people were brought into Nelson by the New Zealand Company in twenty four ships and by 1850 four thousand had come as company settlers. The first emigrant vessel into Nelson was the Fifeshire which arrived 1 February 1842, which is considered the date of establishment of the settlement.  She was a 557 tons barque and had arrived in Wellington 16 January 1842 after departing London 26 September.  The Fifeshire under the command of under Captain Arnold  she was was wrecked while leaving Nelson on 27 February 1842 when the tide carried her onto Arrow Reef named after a vessel that was  part of the survey expedition.  During the Louisa Campbell second voyage out to NZ in May 1847, bound from Auckland to Nelson via New Plymouth, she grounded on sandbank two miles from Cape Farewell and became a total loss.  Rock's Road   Boulder Bank

On October 21 the barque Arrow anchored outside the haven. On 4 November 1841, Wakefield saw the Will Watch safely anchored inside the haven. The Arrow commenced unloading on 8 November. The Will Watch began discharging cargo on 10 November. Captain Arthur Wakefield, was the expedition leader. William Blundell set up a forge and sawyers established a sawpit near 150 acres of bush on the far side of the Maitai River. This area was later to be called The Wood. The first four emigrant ships, Fifeshire, Mary Ann, Lloyds and Lord Auckland had all arrived in February 1842. Today many cottages still stand in The Wood in excellent condition.  From the rate books William Collins built about three or four cottages on Milton  Street, Nelson c. 1866. Who was William Collins?  There is a street full of cottages near the Rutherford Hotel area, South St. There are also two cottages in Tasman St. that may be 1860s plus a group of five on Rutherford St (Old Waimea St).  

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, Volume II, Issue 102, 17 February 1844 List of persons qualified to serve as jurors
Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle
, 16 February 1850, jurors 1850-1851 and Statistics of Nelson, 1849.


The Colonist, The Examiner, The Nelson Mail. Every issue had shipping intelligence, however in most cases only the cabin passengers are named. They covered even the small coastal traders. From late 1850s passenger lists and shipping was in the gold rush era and there were hundreds of vessels in the ports.

Shipping. Our readers will find in our last page a list of the vessels which have entered this harbour since the 1st of November, 1841. [The list extends to 67 vessels, with an aggregate of 16,030 tons.] Previous to the arrival of the first emigrant ship after those of the preliminary expedition, there were only ten vessels ; 57, therefore, have arrived since the 1st of February, not quite five months. This looks well. The ensuing twelve months will show, we have no doubt, a larger proportionate return. Without any spirit of depreciatory rivalry, we think we may be justly proud of our shipping list, and ask for similar evidence of activity and doingness, without much chance of being equalled, none of being surpassed. Examiner, July 9, 1842.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 9 July 1842, Page 72
Outwards from Nelson 1842-1845

Barque Whitby
Capt. J Swinton
437 Gross Tons
Built at Whitby, Yorkshire in 1837
Owner: John Chapman & Co. of 2 Leadenhall Street
Port registered at: London
Voyage: London - New Zealand
Originally constructed she was a square-rigger, but during 1848 her mizzen mast was re-rigged as a barque. Her original intended destination in 1837/1838 was Calcutta, over the years changing to New Zealand, Sierre Leone, and Port Philip, Melbourne. By 1851/52 she had undergone major repairs, including a new deck; and she appears for the last time in Lloyd's Register for 1852/53, her destination still shown as Port Philip. By 1853/54 she was gone!

New Zealand Gazette and Wellington Spectator, 25 September 1841, Page 2
ARRIVED. Sept. 18, barque Whitby, 437, Captain Lacey from London.

Daily Southern Cross, 29 March 1853, Page 2
Entered Inwards. March 26  Whitby, barque, 437 tons, T. Bruce, from Sydney to Kaipara.  W. S. Grahame, agent.
The barque Whitby, Captain Bruce, arrived at Kaipara on the 16th inst., ten days from Sydney. We deeply regret to learn that one of the Whitby's ship company, a fit young man named Benjamin Leeland, lost his life in the Kaipara, in a most distressing manner. Leeland was endeavouring to ascend by means of the after derrick tackle, to the deck of the ship from a raft under her stern. From some circumstance he lost his hold, and was preciited into the river. Every exertion was made to save the poor fellow; two boat having been manned and despatched in order to rescue him, but unhappily without avail.

Daily Southern Cross, 17 May 1853, Page 3
Captain Martin of the 'Spencer' has brought down the 'Border Maid' and proceeds to take command of the 'Invincible.' Captain Bruce, of the late barque 'Whitby,' transferring his services to the 'Border Maid.'

Daily Southern Cross
, 17 June 1853, Page 4
Timber  Extravagant rates rule. The loss of the Whitby, with a full cargo, caused holders to advance their quotations. Canvas, large demand, and stocks low. Bags, 3 bushel hemp, in great demand. Candles, only a limited supply. Prices must advance immediately.

WHITBY 1841 Moore P 56
Portrayed at anchor in Wellington Harbour by artist Heaphy.


Nelson Provincial Museum and all its research facilities reopened on on Saturday 22 October 2005 on commemoration day of  the 200th anniversary of the Battle of Trafalgar. The city site will be exhibition space and the research facilities, will largely remain at Stoke for the medium term.  The new Nelson Provincial Museum (founded 1841) is located on the corner of Hardy and Trafalgar Streets . The museum showcases the region's history, from our geological origins, to the stories of those individuals and families who have walked and lived on the land.

Ship Diaries at the NPML:
John Gibson 				'Fifeshire' 1841
Kater William Henry (ship's surgeon) 	'Sir Charles Forbes' 1842
J. Hounsell 				'Bard of Avon' 1863
George Page 				'Arethusa' 1879
Edwin White 				'Adamant' 1874

Passenger Lists at the NPML:
New Zealand Company 1840-1850 (passenger application numbers enable you to find the place of origin)
A large microfilm of applications by emigrants that covers a large number of vessels 1839 to 1850 that were under the NZ Co. scheme. Gives the actual street address of their residence when they applied in some cases and the county in others.  It also states the relationships, sister, nephew etc. of various passengers. 
Nelson Provincial Government 1853-1867
New Zealand Government 1874-1880
Local newspaper shipping columns are available and include coastal and Trans-Tasman shipping

Emigrant Vessels

Partial List of Passenger Ships into Nelson, NZ

Vessel Type Tons Captain Departure
Days Pass.
Fifeshire Barque 551 Arnold Downs 2 Oct 1841 1 Feb 1842 via Port Nicholson
Lord Auckland Barque 628 Jardine London Sept 1841 2 Feb 1842 155 + 16 cabin via Port Nicholson
Lloyds   500 William Green London 11 Sept 1841 9 Feb 1842      
Brougham Barque 227 Robertson London 1841 6 Mar 1842    27 onto New Plymouth
Bolton    840 J P Robinson Gravesend 29 Oct 1841

15 Mar 1842

137 354  offsite
Martha Ridgeway    621 Henry W Webb Liverpool 06 Nov 1841 07 Apr 1842 152   via Port Nicholson
London Barque 388 Joseph Gibson Gravesend 17 Nov 1841 10 Apr 1842 144    
Clifford   ship 460 Joseph Sharp Gravesend 18 Dec 1841

11 May 1842

144   186 approx. via Wellington 
Sir Charles Forbes Barque 363 Thomas Bacon Gravesend 01 May 1842 22 Aug 1842 113 187   
Olympus Barque 500 John White Gravesend 16 Jun 1842 23 Oct 1842 129 138   
Thomas Harrison Barque 400 E M Smith Gravesend 26 May 1842 25 Oct 1842 152 187   
New Zealand Barque 455 C H Worth Clyde 04 Jul 1842

04 Nov 1842

123 137   
George Fyfe Barque 460 George Pyke Gravesend 16 Jun 1842 12 Dec 1842 179   via Wellington
Bombay Ship 400 James Moore Gravesend 01 Aug 1842 14 Dec 1842 135 165 via Wellington
Prince of Wales Barque 516 Alex Alexander Gravesend 02 Sep 1842 31 Dec 1842 120 203   
Indus wayback Barque 425 David McKenzie Gravesend 01 Oct 1842 05 Feb 1843 127     
Thomas Sparks Ship 497 Robert G Sharp Gravesend 27 Jul 1842 26 Feb 1843 214    via Capetown for repair,  Wellington. Passengers not listed
Phoebe Barque 471 William Dale Gravesend 16 Nov 1842

29 Mar 1843

133 via Wellington
St Pauli Barque 380 P Schacht Hamburg 26 Dec 1842 14 Jun 1843 170 139 6 month voyage
Himalaya Barque 477 H. Burns London

7 Sep 1843

10 Jan 1844     34 via New Plymouth
William Stoveld brig 187 Davidson London   2 Oct 1843   3  
Ursula ship 490 Martin London   8 Oct 1843   11 via Wellington
Tuscan Barque 300 Blackett - died   London

12 Dec1843

17 May 1844

      via Hobart
Skiod  ship   500

C Claussen

Hamburg 21 Apr 1844 1 Sep 1844    140   
Slains Castle Barque 504 W. Dawson London 24 Oct 1844 26 Jan 1845      12   
Louisa Campbell Barque 350 Darby Plymouth 21 Mar 1845 9 Jul 1845 110 12   St Jago
Madras Barque   Francis Hilberry Gravesend 24 Mar. 1846 12 Aug. 1846     35  
Hope           12 Dec. 1846   5 Other passengers sailed for Wellington. Ethelbert Lyne, wife Clara, John & Elizabeth, Lyne (cousins) Eliza Lowe, servant.
Cornwall Barque   Dawson London via Taranaki 25 Aug. 1849       a few went on to Otago
Clara barque 500 Potter London 18 Mar. 1851 25 Aug 1851   39+  
Stately barque 600 Giuder London   24 Oct 1852 21   via Wellington
Slains Castle barque 504 Andrew London   3 Jan 1853   23 via Wellington
Maori ship 1000 Petherbridge London   8 Jun 1853 88 121  
Monsoon barque 300 Turnbull London   20 Jan 1855   3  
John Phillips barque 500 Smithers London   5 May 1855   19  
Sir Allan McNab  ship 840 Joshua Cherry London

17 April 1855

8 Aug 1855         133  24 miners not listed 
Queen Margaret barque 533 Spence London   19 Oct 1855 116 58 steerage not listed
Maori ship 1,000 Petherbridge London   23 Oct 1855 107 131  
Melpomene barque 378 Lawrenson London   16 Oct 1856   4 via Otago
 Oliver Lang ship 1,224 Mundle via Wellington   20 Jan. 1857   5  
 Monsoon barque 296 Turnbull London   6 Feb 1857   7  
Melbourne barque 321 Robertson London   4 Aug 1857   8  
Lord Hardinge barque 384 Irwin London   7 Aug 1857   7  
Oriental barque 500 Macey London   6 Oct 1857   47  
Duchess of Leinster brig 272 Newton London   6 Dec 1857   1 Mrs Newton
Acasta barque 327 Halliday London   12 Jan 1858   13  
Cresswell barque 575 Barnett London   8 Feb 1858 111 51  
Westminster ship 713 Westgarth via Lyttelton   6 Mar 1858   13  
Palmyra barque 706 Tierney from Otago 28 Oct 1857 26 Mar 1858   29  
 Sebastian barque 364 Begg London   20 May 1858 93 25  
Burmah ship 710 Norris via Wellington   13 June 1858   25  
Camilla barque 283 Macdonald London 12 Jan 1858 19 June 1858   15  
 Harkaway barque 658 Graham London   4 Oct 1858   1 J. S. Kirwan
Chieftain barque 382 McLean Gravesend   19 Oct 1858 147 19  
Lady Alice barque 419 Smith London 2 Sep 1858 14 Jan 1859   16  
Midlothian barque 293 Grant London 17 Oct 1859 29 Jan 1859   33 passengers for Wellington
Duchess of Leinster brig 272 Newton Gravesend 11 Oct 1858 27 Feb 1859   1 Mrs Newton
Mariner ship 683 Frazer London 2 Jan  1859 23 April 1859     passengers for Otago
Alfred the Great ship  649 McIntyre via Wellington   17 June 1859   6  
Ashburton ship 540 King London 12 Aug. 1859 6 Dec. 1859 109 34 passengers for Lyttelton
John Phillips barque 341 Thomas London   21 Sep 1860 5mths 31  
The Bride barque 546 McDonald London   3 Nov 1860 127 42  
Dona Anita barque 436 Smith Plymouth 13 Oct 1860 22 Feb1861   28  
George Canning barque 411 Sim London   12 Apr 1861   3  
Glenshee barque   Buick London   2 Aug 1861 151   no passengers. Arthur Dudley was a crew member.
Sir George Pollock ship 570 Frost London 5 May 1861 31 Aug 1861   78  
Gladiator ship 503 Lorie London   Oct 25 1861 105 14  
Ravenscraig ship 600 Inglis London 29 Oct 1861 23 Mar 1862 104 67  
Knight Bruce barque   ?? London 13 Mar 1862 6 Aug 1862 147 10 captain died on voyage
Waterlily barque   Bolt London   4 Dec 1862 115 12  
Golconda ship 688 Montgomery London   14 Dec 1862   45  
George Canning barque 411 Harris London   28 Jan 1863 118 9  
Electra ship 606 Woodgate London   30 Mar 1863 111 42  
Delaware brigantine 240 R.C. Baldwin London 10 Apr 9 Aug 1863 116 1 Mr McCabe
Magna Bona ship 584 Tyson London  29 Jul 1863 21 Nov 1863 109 54  
Napier barque 571 Petherbridge London   8 Dec 1863 83 14  
Anne Dymes barque   F.H. Knight London   2 Mar 1864 53 140  
Memento barque 464  Lyall, London 24 Dec 1863 25 Mar 1864 91 5  
Fray Bentos ship 483 Amondion London   31 May 1864   2  
Humphrey barque 454 Fell London   11 Sept 1864 121 3  
Anne Longton ship 643 Harling London 9 July 1864 3 Nov. 1864 110  50  
Ravenscraig ship 581 B. Inglis London   30 Jan. 1865   15  
Eudora barque 445 Knight Gravesend 22 April 1865 16 Aug 1865 116 16  
Magna Bona ship 584 Tyson London   21 Mar 1865   59  
Water Nymph ship     London 29 Aug 1865 12 Dec1865 101 21  
Dona Anita ship 499 Sharman London 4 Nov. 1865 19 Feb. 1866 107 55  
Lord Clyde barque 631 Murphy London 24 May 1866 8 Sept 1866 108 15  
Countess of Kintore ship 738 Catto London 18 July 1866 14 Oct 1866 86 9  
Cissy ship 640 Thomas Spencer London 8 June 1867 26 Sep 1867 110 123  
Ocean Mail ship 2,000 Watson Plymouth 17 Aug 1874 8 Nov. 1874 78 240 Evening Mail Nov. 9
Hannibal ship 1,200 Brown London 19 March 1875 9 June 1875   133 Evening Mail May 19
Mataura ship 853 John Gorn London 8 Aug. 1875  10 Nov 1875 93 216  

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 16 April 1842
April 15, barque Lloyds, Green, for India,
Same day, barque Birman, Cleland, for India.
Same day, barque Bolton, Robinson, for India.
Same day, ship Clifton, Cox, for India.

The Bolton, Clifton, Birman, and Lloyds, sailed on Friday the 15th, in company, for the Indian seas by way of Torres Straits. A salute was fired from the Haven, upon such a convoy leaving a port which was not known to exist six months ago.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 16 April 1842
Arrived April 10, barque London, with emigrants from London.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 14 May 1842, Page 38
Arrived May 8, brig Nimrod, Fox, 175, from Port Phillip, with 20 immigrants and 37 head of cattle.
11, ship Clifford, Sharp, 460, from London in 142 days, with 180 immigrants; passengers, the Rev. E. Sarton, Mr. Edward Sarton, Miss Sarton, Mrs. Laughlin, and families ; Mr. Shepperd, from the London, Port Nicholson.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 27 August 1842
Arrived August 22d, barque Sir Charles Forbes, 363, Bacon, from London with emigrants and two passengers.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 29 October 1842
Arrived Oct. 25, barque Thomas Harrison, 370, Smith, from London, with 187 immigrants. Passengers, Messrs. Cooke, Mr. Newcombe, and Mr. Deane.
    Oct. 28, barque - Olympus, 500, Whyte, from London, with 138 immigrants. Passengers, Mr. Thorpe, Mr. Rowe, Mr. Webes, and Mr. Weightman.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 29 October 1842
The Sir Thomas Harrison sailed on the 25th of May, and was detained by calms for a length of time on the Line. She is 70 days from the Line. A very small mail has arrived by her, as she left but so short a time after the Sir Charles Forbes. Great credit is due for her good management. We have seen no immigrant vessel arrive so cleanly and in such good order. In spite of the tedium of so long a passage, none of those so frequent and so distressing differences appear to have arisen between the emigrants and the commander and officers of the vessel. The deaths on board have been only two, both children. Captain Smith is, we understand, owner as well as commander.

The following vessels were laid on for New Zealand at the time of the sailing of the Thomas Harrison : for Nelson, with emigrants,
the Olympus, 316 tons, to sail June 15, from London ;
the New Zealand, 380 tons, to sail July 1, from Greenock.
For Wellington, with emigrants, the George Fyfe, 391 tons, to sail June 15. For Wellington and New Plymouth, with emigrants, the Blenheim, 374 tons, to sail July 1.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 7 June 1845
The Halifax Packet, Captain Smith (late of the Thomas Harrison), and the whaler Merope, were blown on shore at Swan River on the 28th of January, and both wrecked.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 5 November 1842
Arrived Nov. 4, barque New Zealand, 455, Worth, from the Clyde, with - 137 immigrants. Intermediate passengers, Mr. Cruikshanks, Mr. Macleod, Mr. J. Macfarlane, Mr. Wilson, Mr. J. M'Glashan, Mr. Wright, Mr. Campbell.

The Sir Charles Forbes lost two children and one adult, the Thomas Harrison two children (one an infant immediately after birth), the Olympus one infant prematurely born, and the New Zealand not one.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 17 December 1842
Arrived. December 12th,- barque George Fyfe, 460, Pyke, from London, via Wellington. Passengers, Hon. C. Dillon and lady, Mr. Ridgway, Mr. Mocatta, Mr. Perry, and Mr. Williams ; intermediate, Mr. and Mrs. Coster, Miss Sacker, Mr. W. Bolton, and Mr. Godfrey ; in the steerage, 13 adults and 17 children.
14th, ship Bombay, 400, Moore, from London, with 132 immigrants, out 133 days. Passengers, Messrs. Hughlings, Parkinson, Bradey, Ridines, Binns, and Mr. and Mrs. Eames.

New Zealand Gazette and Wellington Spectator, 27 December 1843, Page 1
To Landed Proprietors. MESSRS. BARNICOAT, FELL, AND SEYMOUR, having received the whole of the powers of attorney intrusted to Harry Hughlings, Esquire, of Halifax, will select the rural sections in the Nelson settlement belonging to that gentleman and his friends, and have undertaken the general agency of their property here. They will also be glad to accept the agency of any parties having land orders connected with this settlement. Nelson, Christmas, 1843

New Zealand Gazette and Wellington Spectator, 4 January 1843, Page 2 (into Nelson)
WE, the undersigned, Passengers on board the Ship Bombay, beg to express our approval of James Moore, its commander. Ad a seaman, we feel in him the greatest confidence; for his gentlemanly conduct, and his high character for integrity and kindness, we hold him in the greatest esteem. The Surgeon Supintendent, Samuel Hodgkinson, Esq., and the Chief Mate, also deserve our best thanks. (Signed
Francis Brady
Harry Hughlings
Thomas Parkinson
George Binns
Elizabeth Eames
Robert Eames
January 3, 1843.

Otago Daily Times 16 December 1881, Page 2
Halifax papers mention the death, at the age of 75, of H. Hughlings, the uncle of Mr Samuel Jackson, solicitor, Auckland. Hughlings was present at the Wairau massacre, being then on a visit to New Zealand as the representative of intending emigrants from Halifax. Parkinson, his companion, is still living in Halifax.

Crown Grants - Wellington 6 Nov. 1852  Wellington Independent

Wakefield QuayNelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 24 December 1842
Arrived 22d, barque Prince of Wales, 582, Alexander, from London, out 110 days; 33 passengers, and 170 emigrants.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 4 March 1843
Arrived February 26th, ship
Thomas Sparks, 494, Sharp, from London, via Cape of Good Hope and Port Nicholson, with a few emigrants and intermediate passengers. Passengers from Wellington, Messrs. Ridgeway, Skipwith, Taylor, Fell, and Clifford.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 11 March 1843,
Sailed - 10th March, ship
Thomas Sparks, 494, Sharp, for Port Nicholson and Valparaiso. Passengers for Wellington, Mr. Skipwith and Mr. Clifford.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 17 June 1843, Page 266
Arrived. June 14th, ship St. Pauli, 380, from Hamburg ; with immigrants. After a passage of between five and six months, the St. Pauli, with German immigrants, arrived here on Wednesday last. She left Hamburg on the 4th of January, but put into Bahia, where she remained three weeks.  The passengers are Mr. Beit and family (amounting, we believe, to fourteen), two Lutheran missionaries, and an English gentleman from Bahia. Mr. Beit is a large purchaser of land in this settlement, having five allotments, and, we understand, is appointed German Consul. The immigrants are partly mechanics and partly labourers ; many of the latter are from the Rhenish provinces, and are acquainted with the culture of the vine. We yesterday witnessed the landing of the first boat, and several immediately betook themselves to the hill side and examined the soil, which they pronounced to be well adapted for vine growing. They all appear in high spirits, and will no doubt make valuable settlers. Notwithstanding the prolonged passage, and that destructive disease the small-pox making its appearance on board three weeks after sailing, only four children died. A salute was fired from the shore on Thursday morning, when the St. Pauli came into harbour.

St Pauli, was built in Hamburg in 1841 by Johannes Morts. The vessel was charted by the New Zealand Company to bring German immigrants out to New Zealand.

April 2015 photo. AF.
Hardy St. Nelson. 1842. This was the site of the NZ Co. Immigration barracks. Rev. Samuel Ironside, who pioneered Methodism in Nelson, conducted an open air service of worship on 2nd October 1842.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 26 May 1849, Page 50
Present M. Richmond, Esq., Resident Magistrate, Messrs. Stafford, Cautley, Saxton, Stephens, and Nixon, J.P/s.

This was an action brought to recover from the defendants the sum of 20 pounds, as damages for the non-fulfilment of a certain contract, by which the plaintiff was entitled to receive from the defendants, in the settlement of Nelson, out of a rural section, ten acres of land, to be selected by the defendants by virtue of one of the New Zealand Company's land-orders, being order of choice No. 683. The facts of the case, as net forth by the plaintiff's solicitor, we believe to be as follow :  The plaintiff, wishing to emigrate from Germany to New Zealand, under a scheme got up in Hamburgh in the year 1842, by the defendants, and the firm of Chapeaurouge and Co., merchants in that city, applied to the defendant, J. N. Beit, to know the terms on which he could get a passage to the colony. In answer to his inquiries, he received such information as led to his purchasing from Messrs. De Chapeaurouge and Co., a land order for ten acres of rural land in the settlement of Nelson, and, upon the payment of 15 pounds as the purchase money for the land, he was furnished with a free passage in the St. Pauli, and an order upon the Messrs. Beit (who superintended the body of German emigrants in the St. Pauli, to this settlement) to deliver to the plaintiff ten acres of rural land out of the land which they (the Messrs. De Chapeaurouge and Co.) had purchased, in conjunction with the defendants, from the New Zealand Company. This order the plaintiff delivered to the defendants shortly after his arrival at Nelson, and received in exchange a certificate, signed by the defendants, in which they certified that he (the plaintiff) was entitled to receive possession of ten acres of rural land, which they (the defendants) should " indicate " out of the rural section, order of choice No. 683, so soon as they (the defendants) should have effected the selection of that section, and completed the surveys for division among the several purchasers. This is dated 14th August, 1843. At the distribution of rural lands, which took place in Nelson on the 27th of March, 1848, the defendants failed to select for their orders of choice (they being at the time absent from the colony), and it was done on their behalf by the Company's Resident Agent, as stipulated in the terms of purchase. The defendants did not return to the colony until the 18th of December last, and it was then ascertained rbat they had, during their stay in England, conveyed back to to the New Zealand Company, for a money consideration, all their right, title, and interest to the land held by them in this settlement, including order of choice No. 683 for a section of rural land, being the section out of which the plaintiff was entitled to receive his land. This was the substance of the plaintiffs case. The defendant, Mr. J. N. Beit, who appeared on behalf of the firm of John Beit and Sons, made a very long, able, and eloquent address to the Court, entering into all the minutiae connected with the emigration scheme from Germany to New Zealand, assuring the Court that no part of the purchase money paid by the plaintiff had ever come to their hands, and that, acting upon the true mercantile usage of treating with houses of such respectability and responsibility as the house of Messrs. De Chapeaurouge and Co., they (the defendants) had accepted their order, but only for the delivery of land, and land they were then willing to give to the plaintiff. Upon being asked by the Court how soon they would do so, Mr. Beit named the 15th day of June next. The Resident and other Magistrates having retired for about half an hour, on their return into Court the following judgment was given : Judgment for the plaintiff, but in lieu of the claim in money, the plaintiff shall be put in possession of ten acres of land by the defendant, to the satisfaction of the Court, on or before the 10th of June 1849.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 14 July 1849, Page 77
Sailed Jun. 8, brig Susan, 200, Wood, for Sydney ; produce. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Beit and family.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 25 August 1849, Page 101
Extraordinary Cargo.  On Sunday last the brig Susan, Captain Wood, from Nelson, New Zealand, arrived in harbour laden with the following live freight. Mr. and Mrs. Beit and servant, Mr. John Beit, Mr. Henry Beit, Mr. William Beit, Miss Beit Miss Medora Beit, Misi Sarah Beit, Mils Marianne Beit, Miss Emma Beit, Mist Jeanette Beit, Miss Adolhine Beit Master Robert Beit, Master Richard Beit and (we've come to the final conjunction at last) Master Frederick Beit. This certainly beats anything we ever heard or read of. We suppose the Beet will take root in this colony, and that so extensive an importation will yield an abundant annual supply. - Bell's Life in Sydney, July 21.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 30 September 1843, Page 326
ARRIVED. September 27th, cutter
Pickwick, 38, Jury, from Akaroa ; general cargo. Passengers, Mr. Williams, Mr. Binns, and Mr. Smith.
28th, barque
Tyne, 500, Robertson, from London via Wellington ; general cargo. Passenger, Mr. St. Hill.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 7 October 1843, Page 330
Arrived. October 2d, brig
William Stoveld, 187, Davidson, from London; general cargo. Passengers, Mr. Webster, Mr. Haywood, and Mr. _______.
4th, brigantine
Deborah, 121, Wing, from Wellington ; general cargo. Passengers, F. D. Bell, Esq., Dr. Butler, Dr. Norman, Mr. Hodgson, Mr. and Mrs. Odell.
Star of China, 112, Ward, from Wellington; general cargo. Passengers, Mr. Perry, Mr. Price, Mr. Dorter, and two in the steerage.
6th, cutter
Enterprise, 8, Bathe, from Wellington; sundries.
Ursula, 490, Martin, from London via Wellington; general cargo. Passengers, Miss Thompson, Mr. and Mrs. Levin and child, Messrs Withers, Hort, Atkinson, Robinson, Molesworth, Duppa, and Guyton.

Sailed. September 30th, brigantine
Sisters, 130, Clarke, for Hobart Town; general cargo. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Imrie and child, Mrs. Clarke, Mr. Walkinshaw, Mr. Christian, Mr. Chapline, and twenty-two besides children in the steerage.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 13 January 1844,
January 10th barque
Himalaya, 477, Burns, from London via New Plymouth ; general cargo. Passengers - Mr. and Mrs. Martin and five children. Mr. H. Martin, Mr. and Mrs. Hodgson and seven children, Mr. Wakefield, Mr. and Mrs. Pearce, Mr. Phillips, and thirteen in the steerage.

New Zealand Gazette and Wellington Spectator, 10 February 1844, Page 3
We are happy to find that among the passengers of the
Himalaya there are some gentlemen who are likely to prove highly valuable settlers. One of these, Mr. Martin, has brought with him a first-rate entire draught horse, and a very superior ram. The latter was shorn on board, and the clip weighed 9 lbs.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 7 September 1844, Page 105
Arrived. September 1, ship
Skiold, 500, from Hamburg; with 140 German immigrants.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 12 July 1845, Page 73
Arrived. July 9, barque
Louisa Campbell, 350, Darby, from London; general cargo. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Weeks, Mr. and Mrs. Rich, Miss Taylor, Mr. Bushnell, Mr. Carlton, and Mr. Good : in the steerage, Messrs. Reynold's, Murray, Hill, and Tiffin.
Louisa Campbell, it is expected, will sail for Wellington about this day week. After discharging the remainder of her cargo there and at Auckland, she proceeds to Valparaiso to load for England. The Tyne sailed from England on the 23d of February.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 26 July 1845, Page 81
Sailed: July 22, barque
Louisa Campbell, 350, Darby, for Wellington and Auckland ; sheep and merchandise from Nelson, and part of original cargo from London. Passengers from Nelson, Messrs. Duppa, Lowndes, Aikin, and Dillon; from London, Mr. and Mrs. Rich, Mr. and Mrs. Weeks, Miss Taylor, Messrs. Good, Carlton, Bushnell, Hill, Murray, Reynolds, and Tiffin.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 31 January 1846, Page 189
Arrived. January 24, barque
Mary Catharine, 385, Howlett, from London.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 7 March 1846, Page 1

Allday, S. C. 		Lloyd, Henry 
Bickley, William 	Lee, James 
Bartlet, George 	Lyford, Ann 
Campbell, Alexander 	M'Eachen, Archibald 
Carter, James 		Newth, Mark 
Carter, John 		Orsre, William 
Cullen, William 	Phillip., William 
Clark, James 		Pratt, Mr. 
Coster, Charles 	Richardson, William 
Dove, James 		Roberts, James 
Eban, Ashley, 3 	Rowe, Anthony 
Everis, James 		St. Hill, Ashton, 2 
Eyles, Daniel 		Smith, David 
Hounsell, Emry 		Tuckett, Frederick 
Hoare, Joseph 		Vincent, Charles 
Jessop, William 	Vant, Widow 
Knapp, James 		Woolly, Mr. 
King, Richard 		Wilson, William 
Lowndes, T. 		Weightman, W.A. 
Stephen Carkeek, Postmaster. 

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 20 February 1847, Page 201
Sailed February 15, barque
Elora, 350, Turnbull, for Wellington.

Aiken 		Mr and Mrs and child
Bromley 	Mr W.
Bromley 	Mr W., junior 
Castill 	Mr R.
Clarke 		Mr and Mrs
Clarke 		Mr R.
Duppa 		Mr G.
Forsaith 	Miss 
Newman 		Mr and Mrs and Miss
Otterson 	Mr F.
Parkes 		Mr R.B.
Walker 		Mr and Mrs 
Warburton 	Mr and Mrs and three children
Whytlaw 	Mr and Mrs 

 Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 18 November 1848, Page 149
November 12, barque Blundell, 600, Renant from England, via Otago and Wellington.
13, brig Lady Mary Pelham, 200, Wing, from Launceston ; sheep and horses.
schooner Triumph, 15, Fowler, from Wellington.
schooner Old Jack, 15, Guard; from Wellington.
18, schooner Perseverance, 78, Unthank, from Hobart Town, via Wellington ; general cargo.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 23 December 1848, Page 169
Arrived: December 18, brig Susan, 200, Marshall, from London.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 19 January 1850
Jan. 14, American whaling ship Orion, 400, Ray, from Sydney.
- sloop Maria Josephine, 34, Boyce, from Wellington.
15, ship Pekin, 500, Whitby, from Wellington. Passengers, from London - Mr. and Mrs. Collins, Mr. A. Collins, Mrs. and two Miss Griffiths, Mr. Mullen, Surgeon-Superintendent, and four children, and fifty-one in the steerage ; from Otago - Mr. and Mrs. M'Hardy, and seven children ; from Wellington - Mrs. Levin and child.
- barque Woodstock, 300, Nicholson, from Wellington. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Impy.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 2 February 1850, Page 191
Arrived. January 30, barque Berkshire, 582 tons, Whyte, from London. Passengers for Nelson, the Rev. Mr. Wheeler, Mrs. Wheeler, and six children, Mr. and Mrs. Knyvett, and eleven children, Mr. and Mrs. Beacham, Mr. Strange, Mr. McMurdo, Mr. Newson, and 32 in the steerage.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 9 March 1850, Page 5
Arrived: March 5, Government brig Victoria, 200, Burgess, from Auckland. Passengers, Mr. G. Thomas, Captain Mitchell, Mr. and Mrs. Cross and family.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 6 April 1850, Page 21
Sailed. April 5, brigantine Comet, 100, Cork, for Sydney; wool and flax. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Seymour, Mrs. Thorns and child, and Mr. and Mrs. Clark and family.  cutter Fly, 25, Cemino, for Wellington. Passengers, Mr. Campbell, and Mr. Cockroft.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 11 May 1850, Page 41
Arrived: May 4, brig Torrington, 200, from Wellington ; part of original cargo. Passengers, Messrs. Peacock, and Mr. Brunner.
7, ship Lady Nugent, 668, Parsons, from London, via Wellington. Passengers, from Wellington  Mr, and Mrs. Fox, and Mr. Smith: from London, 75 passengers.
schooner Rapid, 25, Porter, from Wellington.
10, Government brig Victoria, 100, Pulham, from Wellington. Passengers, Mr. Justice Chapman, and Mr. Hart.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 15 June 1850, Page 61
Arrived. June 8, schooner Rapid, 30, Porter, from Weilington.
11, cutter Alpha, 50, Murphy, from Wellington. Passengers, Mr. Ray and family.
15, brigantine Comet, 100, Cork, from Waitohi. Passengers, Messrs. Bell, Stafford, Wakefield, Fell, and Tollemache.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 22 June 1850, Page 65
Sailed: 16, brigantine Comet, 100, Cork, for Sydney, passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Cooper and family.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 29 June 1850, Page 69
Arrived: June 23, sloop Maria Josephine, 30, Boyce, from Wellington. Passenger, Mr. Lucas.
Sailed: June 23, cutter Alpha, 50, Murphy, for Wellington.
26, barque Berkshire, 582, Whyte, for Sydney. Passengers: Mr and Mrs Bell, Mrs Howard and Mrs Wilkie. (reached Sydney in 16 days)

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 13 July 1850, Page 77
July 11. ship Poictiers, 500, Beale, from London, via Taranaki.  Left London on the 5th and Hyde on the 24th February.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 21 September 1850, Page 117
September 15, schooner Ocean Queen,
15, Deblois, from Wairau ; sheep.  schooner Mary, 40, Boyce, from Wellington.
19, ship Mariner, 683, Harland, from London, via Otago and Wellington.
 cutter Katherine Johnstone, 12, Murphy, from Taranaki. Passenger, Mr. Hursthouse.
SAILED. September 20, schooner Rapid, 30, Walker, for, Wairau.
Wreck or the Ship Ajax.  The splendid new ship Ajax, 750 tons, Captain Young, belonging to Somes, of London, bound from Manilla to the last mentioned port, struck upon a rock in March last, near Toppershudje, Straits of Sunda, not marked in the old English charts, but plainly laid down in all the Dutch charts published for some years past. The Dutch war steamer Samarang was promptly sent to the assistance of the unfortunate vessel, with which timely aid the Ajax was removed to a suitable spot near Anjer, and should the weather prove favourable, it was hoped that much of the cargo would be saved. The captain, officers, and crew had arrived at Batavia, as also the passengers, consisting of Mrs. G. de S. Coloma and her three; children, and Don Louis de Adda. Mrs. De Coloma Jort every article she. possessed; on her arrival, at Batavia the unfortunate lady received much sympathy from the authorities and inhabitants of that city, who raised a subscription of 2,240 rupees to enable her to procure wearing apparel and to proceed to Europe.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 12 October 1850, Page 129
Sailed. Oct. 9, Mariner, 683, Harland, for Taranaki and China.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 9 November 1850, Page 145
Arrived. October S, brigantine Comet, 100, Cork, from Sydney: general cargo, and 18 horses. Passenger, Mrs. Wilkie.
5, schooner Mary, 40, Boyce, from Wellington.
6, schooner Otago, 70, Stevens, from Wellington.
-- barque Eden, 600, from London via Taranaki. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Wells and family, Mr. and Mrs. Adams and family, Mr. and Mrs. Caldwell and family, Mr. Nicholls, Mr. Budge, Mr. Wilton, and 36 in the steerage.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 7 December 1850, Page 1
Arrived: Dec. 1, ship Phoebe Dunbar, 750, Michie, from London, via Otago and Wellington. Passengers: Messrs: Galloway, Van, Mr. and Mrs Steward, and 41 in steerage. Sailed. Dec. 11 for New Plymouth.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 11 January 1851, Page 184
The barque Cornelia, Captain Mickleburgh, from Wellington the 18th May, arrived at London on the 29th of August, after a quick passage of 103 days. Her cargo was discharged in good order without any leakage in the oil.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 22 February 1851, Page 1
Arrived: Feb. 22, brig Spray, 220, Scott, from Launceston: flour, horses, and sheep. Passenger, Mr Duppa.
Feb. 22, schooner Mary Ann. 10, Hebberley, from Wellington ; general cargo. Passenger, Mr. Duncan.
Sailed Feb. 20, schooner Mary, 40, for Lyttelton : timber.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 29 March 1851, Page 19
March 24, schooner Mary, 30, Charters, from Lyttelton. Messrs- Empson, Gore, and Pratt.
SAILED. March 24, brigantine Comet, 100, Cork, for Sydney. Passenger, Miss Curl.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 22 March 1851, Page 15
Arrived: March 18, barque Cornelia, 400, Mickleburgh, from London. Passengers Messers Read, Allen and Marriot.
SAILED. March 17, brig Torrington, 200, Peacock, for Sydney.
20, schooner, Esther, 80, Laurie, for Sydney.
21, schooner Rapid, 30, Williams, for Wairau.
schooner Tryphena, 20, Deblois, for Wairau. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Beauchamp.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 26 April 1851, Page 37
Arrived 23, cutter Supply, 20, Porter, from Port Victoria.
4, Government brig Victoria, 200, Deck, from Auckland. Passengers, the Hon. C. A. Dillon and family, the Hon. Mr. Tollemache, Mrs. and Miss. Williams, Mrs. Deck, and several in the steerage.
Sailed: April 20, schooner Rapid, 20, Williams, for Port Victoria ; timber. Passengers, Mrs. Hardy and family.
April 24, schooner Mary, 40, Taylor, for Port Victoria, timber. Passengers, Mr. Howard, Mr. Pratt, Mrs. Fowler, and Miss Fowler.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 10 May 1851, Page 45
Arrived May 5, brigantine Comet, 100, Cork, from Sydney : horses, and general cargo. Passengers, Rev. Mr. Dolamore and Mrs. Dolamore.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 17 May 1851, Page 49
Arrived May 11, schooner Mary, 30, Taylor, from Lyttelton.
13, brigantine Return, 70, King, from San Francisco. Passengers, Mr. Strong, Mr. Waters, and Mr. Gordon.
schooner Tryphena, 15, Dehlois, from Wellington. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs.. Beauchamp and family, and Dr. - 15, Government brig Victoria. 200, Deck, from Wellington. Passengers, Mr. Justice Chapman, and Rev. Mr. Garin.
brig Spray, 200, Scott, from Launceston ; sheep, horses, and general, cargo. Passenger, Mr. Caldwell.
17, brigantine Esther, 75, from Sydney ; general cargo.
Sailed 14, brigantine Comet, 100, Cork, for Sydney. Passengers, Mrs. Tomkies and family, and Mrs Alder and family.
16, brigantine Return, 70, King, for Wellington. Passengers, Messrs. Waters and Gordon.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 31 May 1851, Page 57
Arrived. May 28, brigantine William Alfred, 130, Tinley, from Sydney ; passengers and cargo of the ship Castle Eden.
31, schooner Mary, 40, Taylor, from Wairau.
31, brig Torrington, 200, Peacock, from Sydney ; general cargo. Passenger, Miss Peacock.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 5 July 1851, Page 79
Arrived. June 30, schooner Wellington, 70, Fergusson, from Wellington. Part of cargo and passengers of the Duke of Bronte.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 26 July 1851, Page 92
Arrived July 20, brig Spray, 200, Scott, from Sydney ; horses and general cargo. Passengers, Mr. Redwood, Mr. Moore, Mr. and Mrs. A Saunders and family.
22, schooner Mary, 40, Taylor, from Wellington
SAILED. July l7, brig Gazelle, 181, Patterson, for Canterbury.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 2 August 1851, Page 96
Wreck of the Mary.  We regret exceedingly to have to record the wreck of the schooner Mary of this port, on lie passage to the Wairau. The Mary sailed from Nelson on Saturday evening last, and ran into Port Hardy on Sunday morning, to obtain shelter from the south-easterly gale which had sprung up. There she remained during the furious gale which then blew until Monday, when six dragged her anchors and struck on a reef, by which she sustained serious damage. The crew, by great exertions, succeeded in landing a good part of the cargo, which so far lightened the vessel that she came off the reef, but, unfortunately, she then swung into deep water, where she foundered. The Fairy has been has been chartered to assist in raising the wreck which his hoped may be accomplished, and to take on such of the cargo as has been saved. The Mary was about forty tons burden, and acknowledged to be the smartest vessel on the coast. She was built expressly for the Wairau trade little more than a year ago, for which she was well adapted from her light draught of water and her sailing qualities.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 16 August 1851, Page 410
Arrived. Aug. 13, Government brig Victoria, 200, Deck, from Wellington. Passengers, Hon. C. A. Dillon, Mrs. Dillon, and family, Hon. Mr. Tollemache, Drs. Muller, Shaw, and Ralph, Mr. Wrey, Mr. Cautley, and Miss Wilson.
schooner Rapid, 30, Williams, from Wellington.
Sailed. Aug. 10, brig Spray, 200, Scott, for Sydney.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 30 August 1851, Page 119
August 25, barque Clara, 500, Potter from London. Passengers for Nelson :
cabin  Mr. and Mrs. Frazer and family, Mr. Greenfield, Mr. and Miss Nicholson, and Mr. Goodman ;
fore cabin and steerage  Mr. and Mrs. Gilbertson and family, Mr. and Mrs. Ball, Mr. Forrester, Mr. Cooper, Mr. and Mrs. Rawlins, Mr. Palmer, Mr. Buckman, and Mr. Falconer.
For Wellington and other ports : cabin  Mrs Donaldson, Mr. and Mrs. Peter Cheyne, Mr. P. M. Hervey, Mr. W. Fyfe, Mr. W. L. Lucena, Mr. T. Warburton, Mr. J. Walmsley, and Dr. Ludgate (Surgeon of the ship) ;
fore-cabin and steerage Mr and Mrs. Adams and child, Mr Telford, Mr. Lawrence, Mr. Marshall, Mr. and Miss Gordon, Mr. and Miss Ross, Mr. France, Mr. Todd, Mr. Martin, Mr. and Mrs. Tod, Mr. and Mrs. Veron.
SAILED. Aug. 27, Government brig Victoria, 200, Deck, for Wellington. Passengers Messrs. Warburton and Telford.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 13 September 1851, Page 1
Arrived. 8th September, brig, Halcyon, 174, Tullock, from Wellington. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Misban and family, Mrs. Snow, Messrs. Donaldson, Read, Tullock, Brown, Jones, Peacock.
13, brigantine Comet, 92, Clouston, from Sydney; 600 sheep. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Smither, Mr. and Mrs. Snow.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 27 September 1851, Page 134
Arrived Sept. 21, barque Norfolk, 389, Kreeft, from London via Auckland ; general cargo.
Sailed. Sept. 26, schooner Mary, 40. Taylor, for Lyttelton. Passengers Mr. Hopper.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 8 November 1851, Page 146
Arrived Nov. 7, barque Columbus, Holton, 467. from London July -3, and the Cape 13th September. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Whitehead, Mr. Solomon, Mr. and Mrs. Solomon, Mr. Mrs, and Miss Ray, and Mrs. Campbell. For Wellington, Mr. and Mrs. Cresswell, and Mr. Bethune. In the steerage, 33 passengers for Wellington and Otago.
barque Midlothian, 414, Gibson, from London, via Canterbury. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Beetson and family.
SAILED. November 9, brig Spray, 200, Scott, for Sydney via Wellington.
IN PORT. Ship Lady Nugent, 400, Parsons. Barque Columbus, 467, Holton. Barque Midlothian, 414, Gibson.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 22 November 1851, Page 154
Arrived Nov. 18, brigantine Comet, 100, Clouston, from Sydney; sheep. Passengers, Mr. H. Beit, Mr. Walker, and Miss McArtney.
Nov. 30, colonial brig Victoria, 900, Deck, from Wellington. Passengers, his Excellency Sir G. Grey, Mr. G. Thomas, Rev. T. Tudor, Mr. A. Richmond, Mr. Cooper, and Mrs. Deck.
31, schooner Mary Ann, 10, , from Wellington. Passenger, Mr. Bowler.
SAILED. Nov. 19, schooner Mary, 40, Taylor, for Lyttelton ; produce. Passengers, Messrs. McHardy, A. Collins, Fordham, and Hewitt.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 29 November 1851, Page 158
The late Accident outside the Harbour  We find on inquiry, that the strictures in our last number on the conduct of Captain Holton, of the barque Columbus, are not warranted by the facts of the late accident to the boat of the Lady Nugent, which resulted in the loss of Captain Melville, and the son of the late commander of the same vessel, Captain Parsons. Our informant is Mr. Porter, who witnessed the whole occurrence from the hills above the harbour, and we are assured by him that the boat of the Columbus incurred considerable danger in approaching the capsized boat, and that on one occasion in particular she was very nearly being herself upset, and moreover, that Captain Holton and his crew appeared to be doing all that men could do to reach the capsized boat, by backing in among the breakers, until the boats from the shore, which approached through smooth water, were in a more favourable position than themselves to reach the drowning men. We are very glad to be thus able to exonerate Captain Holton from the blame we unjustly threw upon him, for it is always a more gratifying duty to commend the conduct of men in such emergencies than to censure it.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 13 December 1851, Page 166
Arrived Dec. 7, schooner Border Maid, 90, Champion, from Chatham Islands via Lyttelton. Passengers, the Lord Bishop of New Zealand, Mrs. Selwyn, and Master J. Selwyn, Captain Simeon, Mrs. Champion and children, and thirteen natives.
10, schooner Diana, 20, from Taranaki : bacon.
Sailed Dec. 7, barque Columbus, 400, Holton, for Wellington. Passengers, Mr. Thomas, and Captain Simeon. 9, schooner Mary, 40, Taylor, for the Wairau. Passengers, Mrs. Eyes and family.
11, brigantine Despatch, 150, Peacock, for Wellington.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 17 January 1852, Page 185
Sailed: Jan. 14, brigantine Comet, 100, Houston, for Sydney. Passengers: Mrs. M. Walker, Mr. and Mrs Batchelor and family, Mr. and Mrs, Walker and family, and Mrs. Watson and family.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 24 January 1852, Page 190
SAILED. Jan. 93, sooner Rapid, 50, Williams, from Wairau
barque Cornwall, 589, Dawson, from Canterbury via Wellington.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 24 July 1852, Page 86
Arrived July 24, ship
Persia, 800, Broadfoot, from London. Passengers Lieut. Strange, 65th Regt., Ensign Marsh, Ensign Still, Mrs and Miss Macgillycuddy, Mr Hennah, Mr. Handyside, eight in the fore-cabin, and seven in the steerage.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 30 October 1852, Page 142
Arrived Oct. 24, barque
Stately, 600, Giuder, from London, via, Wellington. Passengers for Nelson, Mr. and Mrs. E. C. Minchin, 3 children, and servant, Mr. and Mrs. Augarde, and 4 children, Mrs. Crowther and 2 children, Miss H. A. Copeman, Messrs. F. N. Minchin, C. H. Minchin, E. Rich, V. Schroder, and W. H. Teschmaker.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 8 January 1853, Page 182
Arrived Jan. 3, barque
Slains Castle, 504, Andrew, from London, via Wellington. Passengers, Dr, Mrs and Miss Robertson, Mr. and Mrs. Horneman and 5 children, Mrs. Nixon, Mr. and Mrs. Pattie and child, Messrs. Oldham, W. Oldbam, W. Galloway, V. Jones, S. Caldwell, G. Meddings, wife and child, and Susan Devis
    5, brig
Spray, 148, Scott, from Melbourne, with cargo of the Invincible, from London. Passengers, Mrs Scott and 2 children, Mr. and Mrs Biffin, Mr. C. Eyles, wife and child, Messrs Cullen, White, Robertson, Hibberlene, Adams, Giblin, Boulcott, Watt, M'Dougall, Brodie, Bell, Diamond, Faney, Milmeda, Saunders, Bayley, Speedy, Cowin, Lightband, Gentry, Livick, and M'Causland.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 3 September 1853, Page 4
Arrived Aug.28, -screw steamer
Ann, 300, Gibbs, from Sydney. Passengers, Messrs. Huddlestone, Woollay, Ormond, Johnson, Tabbutt, Wheelan, Jones, Richards, Ferres, and Mrs. Taylor.
29, brig
Cronkbane, 300, Corkhill, from Sydney. Passengers, Messrs. Hume. White, and Wagstaff.
Government brig
Victoria, 200, Deck, from Wellington. Passengers, Messrs. Bowler, Devaney and Deck.
Sept. 1, barque
Admiral Grenfell, 350, M'Cullen, from London, via Wellington. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Lichfield and three children, Mr. Edleston, Mr. and Mrs Strachen and one child, Mr. and Mrs. Jackea and five children, Mr. and Mrs. Teakle and one child.

Sailed. Aug. 25, brig
Yarmouth, 179, Kenney, for Melbourne. Passengers, Mr. Caldwell and Mr. Pinniger. 30, steamer Ann, 300, Gibbs, for Wellington and Canterbury; part of cargo from Sydney. Passengers, Messrs. Stafford, Weld, Woollay, Ormond, Johnson, Tabbutt, Wheelan, Jones, Richards, Ferres, and several in the steerage.

Otago Witness, 24 September 1853, Page 3  CANTERBURY.
The "
Cornwall" and "Admiral Grenfell" from England, and the "Mountain Maid," Peacock, are in Wellington. Both the above vessels from England contain cargo for Nelson and this port, and it has been arranged by the Commanders to transfer all the cargo for Nelson to the "Admiral Grenfell," while the cargo for this port will be brought on by the "Cornwall." This vessel left England on the 18th of April, and has some 130 passengers  amongst whom are 18 for this port. The "Admiral Grenfell" left England on the 24th of May, and beat the "Cornwall" out, arriving in Wellington one day before her. The "Admiral" has commenced his naval career well, being becalmed off the Molyneux, south of Otago, on the 84th day. A party of her passengers landed for an hour.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 18 February 1854, Page 4
Arrived : Feb. 13, brig
William Wooley, 200, Bennett, from Sydney ; 72 head of cattle, 1 horse, and general cargo. Passenger, Mr. Colquhoun.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 11 March 1854, Page 4
Arrived March 5, steamer
Nelson, 215, Martin, from London ; 659 packages general cargo, and 100 tons of coals. Passenger: Mrs. Martin, Miss Martin, Miss Robson, Mrs. Nancanow.
William and Alfred, 118, Tinley, from Wellington ; 200 bales wool. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Hervey, and child, Captain Nicholson, Hon. A. G. Tolemache, Mr. and Mrs. McDonald and child, Mr. and Mrs. Roberts and son, Messrs. Hulchinion, Howitt, M'lntosh, and Mrs. Tinley.

Nelson Examiner 30 March, 8 April 1854. NPML
"EAGLE" From Plymouth, arrived Nelson 30 March 1854, Captain Looke, Medical Officer William Hamilton Galbraith.

Cuddy Passengers:
BLAND, Mr, Mrs, 5 daughters, 2 sons (Diary)
BURN,  Miss Sarah
FISHER, Ann, Servant
HAGE, Hannah, Servant.
KESTEVEN, Mr, Mrs, 7 daughters
LOOKE, Mrs, son
LYON, John
MATHEWS, Hannah, Servant
WAKE, Marion, Servant
WAKEFIELD, Felix, Uncle to Mrs Stafford
WEST, Catherine, Servant

Second Cabin:
HALL, Mr & Mrs
HILL, Richard
McCABE, Charles Martin
RYDER, Mr & Mrs.

Comber Index (microfiche)
The 'Eagle', 284 tons, sailed from Gravesend on 22 Nov 1853 and sailed from Plymouth on 6 Dec 1853. Arrived Nelson 30 Mar 1854. Sailed 5 May and arrived 7 May at Wellington. Arrived Lyttelton 6 July 1854. Captains were Stayner and Filby. Why three captains?

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 29 July 1854,
Arrived: July 26, ship
Lady Ebrington, 500, Harris, from London via Wellington. Passenger. Master Maiben.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle
, 16 August 1854,
Arrived. August 19, barque
Eliza Moore, 373 tons, Hinds, master, from London. Passengers, Messrs Garland and Chace?

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 27 September 1854,
Arrived. Sept. 84, brig Mountain Maid, 200, Peacock, from Sydney : general cargo. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Peacock, jun., Mr. Buchanan, Mr. Mildmarsh.
    28, barque
Ashmore, 800 , from London.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 30 September 1854,
Arrived September 37, brigantine
Marchioness, 150, Krieft, from Melbourne. Passengers Mr. and Mrs. Dodson and 4 children, Mr. Jenkins, and 8 in the steerage.

SAILED. September 38, s. steamer
Nelson, 215, Martin, for Wellington. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Ludlam, Messrs. Rhodes, Featherston, Clifford, Revans, St. Hill, Bell, Moorhouse, Wakefield, Cutten, M'Andrew, Nicholson, Halcombe, Chse, Revd. A. St. Hill, Mr. and Mrs. FitzGerald 2 children and servant, Mrs. Draper, Mr. and Mrs. Sewell, Mr. and Mrs. Stratford.
Marchioness, 150, Krieft, for Wellington.
30, barque
Eliza Moore, 417, Hinds, for Wellington ; part of original cargo from London. The Machioness, on her passage from Melbourne, spoke the barque Cordelia in latitude 40 13', longitude 170 east, 155 days out from London, for Wellington ; foremast sprung and jib-boom gone.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 30 December 1854,
Dee. 95, barque
James Scott, 880, Frank Putt, from Wellington, with part of original cargo from London.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 24 January 1855,
Arrived: January 20, barque
Monsoon, 300. Turnbull, from London. Passengers  Messrs. Moody, Symoms, and Bennett,
32, brigantine Marchioness, 177, Kreift, from Wellington. Passengers, Mr. Bury, Mr. Fordham, and Lord Alfred.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 9 May 1855,
Arrived 5, barque
John Phillips, 500, Smithers, from London, with 2,000 packages merchandise. Passenger  Rev. F. A. Bowden, wife and four children, Miss Treacher, Messrs. W. H. S. Roberts, J. J. Fletcher, J. M'Pharlin, H. Bennett, J. Watkins, Mr. J. Drew and wife, J. J. Tursel and wife, H. Buchanan, J. T. Catley, J. J. Walkan.
    6, schooner
Gil Blas, 150, Lindo, from Port Cooper and Wellington, with part of original cargo from Melbourne. Passengers  Messrs. T. Berry and Milling.
    7, barque
Admiral Napier, 400, Thomas, from Sydney, with 750 sheep.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 12 May 1855, Page 2
ARRIVED, May 10, brig
Wild Irish Girl, 130, Todd, from Melbourne, via Port Victoria, with part of original cargo from Melbourne, and 400 bushels oats, New Zealand produce. Passengers  Mr. and Mrs. Englis, Mr. J. Fordham, Mr. McLean, Mr. Norysom and son, Miss Vail, Miss Creig, Miss W. Creig, Mr. J. Bing, Mr J Nerinen, Mr. R. Wilson, and Mr. J. Bullard.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 8 August 1855,
Arrived - August 6, ship Rock City, 600, Cubbins, from New Plymouth; with a general cargo for that port.

Nelson Examiner Saturday, August 11, 1855.
The ship Rock City, which put in here on Sunday, is transferring her Taranaki cargo to the Admiral Napier. The Rock City was off Taranaki eleven days, without being able to discharge the cargo which she had brought from London for that port (the remainder of her cargo had previously been discharged in Auckland), when, seeing no prospect of a favourable change in the weather, Captain Cubbins ran for Nelson. The Rock City is a remarkably fine vessel, and proceeds hence to China.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 27 October 1855,
Arrived. October 19, barque Queen Margaret 533 tons, Spence, 116 days from London ; general cargo. Passengers Mr. J. Heath, Messrs. I. T. Old and J. Old, G. E. Kinzey, E. Kinzey, F. Remner, G. Remner, R. Stephenson, Matilda Murgatroyd, Janet Remner, and 48 passengers in the steerage.
    21, brig Spray, 148 tons, Scott, from Sydney, with 21 horses and sundry merchandize. Passengers  Mr. J. Watts, Mr. and Mrs. Valpy, Mr. and Mrs. Sidey, child, and servant, Mr. A. Sidey, Mr. and Mr Jeffries, child, and servant, Dr. and Mrs. McDonald, child, and servant, Mr. Macdonald.
    22, schooner Necromancer, 16 tons, Hooper, from Wairau, in ballast. Passenger Mr. E. Knyvett.    

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 9 February 1856,
Arrived February 6, barque Monsoon, 296, Turnbull, from London, with a general cargo of merchandize. Passengers  Mr. Clarke, Messrs. S., H., M., A., D., and J. H. Lawler.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 1 March 1856,
Arrived: February 25, barque Dunedin, 210, M'Neur, from Otago, with part of original cargo from London, viz., 200 bags salt, 7 packages and 10 cases merchandize, 6 casks ditto, 10 half-hogsheads vinegar, 44 quarter barrels gunpowder. Passenger  Mr. Davidson.
    27, cutter Supply, 22, Walker, from Motupipi, with 3,000 feet timber, N. Z. produce. Passengers  Messrs. Huldane, Rochfort, Gouldney, Hough, Plummner, Ellis, Curtis, Wolfenden, Carlstone, Robinson, Cambleden, Damant, Miss Walker.

Sailed. February 28, brigantine Alexander, 150, Taylor, for Melbourne, with 3 tons onions, 10 cwt. butter, 25 bushels apples, N. Z. produce. Passengers  Messrs. Clausen, Harris, Gray, Morris, Livey, Smith, Johns, Brown, Miss Robertson, Mrs. Taylor, and 2 children.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 21 May 1856,
Arrived 19, barque Inchinnan, 640, Ennis, from London. Cargo. Sailed 24 June for New Plymouth.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 25 June 1856,
ARRIVED. June 23, ship Emma Colvin, 560, Nicholson, from London, with a general cargo of merchandize. Passengers  Messrs. Field, Blackmore, J. and W. Jellicoe, Batey, Aldham, Mrs. Marshall, Miss Marshall, Miss Batey, and 163 in the steerage.
- steamer Zingari, 148, Millton, from Wellington.
brig Alice Brown, 200, Cole, from Sydney, with 7 horses (33 having died on the passage). Passengers  Messrs. G. Potter and Brown.
SAILED. June 24, barque Inchinnan, 566, Ennis, for New Plymouth, with part of original cargo from London.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 3 June 1857,
List of unclaimed letters in Post Office, Nelson per B. Walmsley, PO, Nelson, Postmaster. 1st June, 1807.
Arnold, John, per Emma Colvin
Aldridge, Henry, per Emma Colvin
Borlase, William, per Inchinnan
Brown, William, per Emma Colvin
Brown, John, per Emma Colvin

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 26 July 1856,
July 21; cutter Supply, 22 tons, Walker, from Massacre Bay, with 5,000 feet timber. Passengers:  J. Watts, W. Walker, G. Seymour, T. Locker, J. Walker, W. Duncan, H. M'Gee, A. Duncan, T. Sigley.
July 23, ship Emma Colvin, 260 tons, Nicholson, for Shanghai, in ballast.
July 21, schooner Ripley, 130 tons, Cummins, for Moreton Bay, in ballast. Passenger :  Ludwig Tietjen.
July 21, schooner Sisters, 13 tons, Frazer, for Wairau, with sundry British and foreign goods (duty paid). Passengers :  G. Wan, J. Baird, W. Walker.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 18 October 1856, Page 1
October 15, schooner Mary Thomson, 52, Wright, from Wellington, with 1 quarter-cask whiskey, under bond, and sundry British and foreign goods.
    16, barque Melpomene, 378, Lawrenson, from London, via Otago, with part of original cargo. Passengers Mr. and Mrs. Ross Miss Johns and Master Johns.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 21 January 1857,
ARRIVED. January 18, steamer Zingari, 118, Millton, from Auckland. Passengers  Colonel Wynyard, Dr. Prendergast, Rev. Mr. Hill, Messrs. Wynyard, Dransfield, Mr. and Mrs. Dover, Misses Tucker (2), Mr. Harper; and 5 in steerage.
19, Marchioness, 177, Kreeft, from Melbourne ; in ballast. Passengers 3 cabin and 3 steerage.
20, ship Oliver Lang, 1,224, Mundle, from Wellington, with part of original cargo from Liverpool, and 250 bales wool. Passengers Mr. and Mrs Hervey, Mrs. Mundle, and two children.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 28 January 1857, Page 2
Cleared Outwards. January 27, ship Oliver Lang, 1,224, Mundle, for Port Cooper; with part of original cargo from Liverpool, 30 tons iron, 15 packages merchandize ; British goods, duty paid  1 pound, case printing types, 5 boxes soap ; New Zealand produce  259 bales wool. Passengers  Mrs. Mundle and two children, Mr. and Mrs. Hervey and one child, Messrs. H. B. Cox, Pike, Captain Blaymore.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 5 August 1857,
Arrived August 4, barque Melbourne, 321, Robertson, from London. Passengers cabin, Mr. and Mrs. Thornton and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Peat, Messrs. Broch, Mr. Hudson ; and 1 in the steerage.
    Cargo for Nelson 20 hhds., 100 casks, A. Fell and Co. ; 1 case, J. M. Pierson ; 2 cases, 50 hhds. ale, 140 packages, 7 cases, 2 case 3, 166 packages, Morrison and Sclanders ; 1 crate, G. Baker  32 boxes, N. T. Lockhart ; 50 boxes, Curtis, Brothers ; 1 parcel, Rev. J. A. Bowden ; 50 packages, 158 cases, Nicholson and Ridings ; 35 packages, H. T. Parkin ; 4 packages, T. Bach ; 15i packages, 6 ditto, Edmund Buxton ; 1 box, Cawthorne 3 6 packages, J. S. Edelsten; 15 cases, Peat and Thornton ; 1 case, Kinsey : 1 case, E. Dodsworth ; 1 case, J. W. Saxton 5 1 case, Miss Roberts ; 1 case, Mackenzie 3 1 case, 2 cans oil, H. G. Gouland ; 1 case, E. H. Dashwood ; 39 packages, 7 ditto, Order ; 42 tons coals, W. Robertson ; 2 cart stallions (1 died on the voyage), Jones.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 8 August 1857
Arrived: August 5, cutter Supply, 26, Walker, from Collingwood; 120 ozs. gold, 8 empty casks.
    7, barque Lord Hardinge, 384, Irwin, from London. Passengers Messrs. Beckmann, Alexander and William Hill, Mr. and Mrs. Goodman and 2 children. Cargo for Nelson.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 7 October 1857, Page 2
Arrived October 6, barque Oriental, 500, Macey, from London, with a general cargo of merchandize for Wellington.
Passengers for Nelson:
Mr. and Mrs. Calder, Rev. P. Calder, and Miss Calder
Captain and Mrs. Baillie and Mr. James Baillie
Mr. Greensill
Mr. and Mrs. Muntz
Mr., Mrs., and Miss Dodds
Mr. A. and Miss M'Donell, in the cabin ;

and Mr. and Mrs. Ryder in the steerage.
Passengers for Wellington: Messrs. H. Stapleton and G. R. Chevalier, in the cabin ; and 27 in the steerage.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 9 December 1857
Entered inwards December 7, brig Duchess of Leinster, 272, Newton, from London, with a general cargo of merchandize. Passenger Mrs. Newton.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 13 January 1858
Entered Inwards - January 12, barque Acasta, 327, Halliday, from London, with passengers -
Mr. J. L. Black
Mr. T. S. Mannering
Mr. and Mrs. Milne
Mr. and Mrs. C. Seager

second cabin
J. Crichton
Mr. A. Hamilton
Mr. and Mrs. D. M'Ewen, Mr. W. M'Ewen
R. Proven

The barque Acasta, from London, arrived here on Monday last, after a passage of 110 days. She has brought 12 passengers ; also, a large quantity of rails and sleepers for the contemplated railroad from the Dun Mountain Copper Mine to the town of Nelson. The Cresswell was to follow the Acasta in a few days.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 30 January 1858
[Before John Poynter, Esq., Resident Magistrate. Wednesday, January 27. George Westaway was charged with having stolen six knives, seven forks, a plate, and a ball of marling, the property of John Halliday, captain of the barque Acasta. Prisoner, who was one of the crew of the Acasta, admitted the offence, and was committed to gaol for one month, with hard labour.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 10 March 1858,
Entered Inwards. March 6, ship Westminster, 731, Westgarth, from London via Port Lyttelton, in ballast.
Mr. and Mrs. Dobson
Mr. and Mrs. Hall and family
Mr. Harris
Mr. and Mrs. Matthews and child
Dr. Matthews
Mr. Parkerson
Honourable Stuart Wortley and servant

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 22 May 1858,
Entered inward May 20 barque Sebastian, 364, Begg, from London.
Passengers, second cabin 
Frederick Forman, Maria Forman
William Hale, Eliza S. Hale, Ann Hale
Andrew Helps, Angelina Helps, Alfred Helps, Frank Helps, John Helps

Eliza Andrew, Francis Andrew, Helena Andrew
Alfred Baldy
Henry John Buckridge
Matthew Green, Mary Green, William Green, Sarah Given, William Green, Eliza Green, Hinds Green, Caroline Green
Edward Keenan

The barque Sebastian, from England, arrived here on Thursday, having made the passage from land, to land in 93 days. Three of the crew were lost during the voyage ; being swept away in the Bay of Biscay, and the remaining two were drowned in consequence of falling from a staging on which they were making some repairs in the ship's stern. A boat was put out to their rescue, but they had sunk before it reached them. The usual kind of weather was experienced, and during the latter part of the voyage the Sebastian has averaged 9 knots an hour. She has brought 25 passengers and a miscellaneous cargo, all for this port.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 12 June 1858
The Burmah was to sail for Nelson with the first fair wind. The carpenter of the Burmah was drowned on Friday last, in consequence of the capsizing of a boat alongside of the vessel.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 16 June 1858
The ship Burmah arrived from Wellington on Saturday, with a few of her original passengers from London and some cargo.
Entered inwards, 13 June, ship Burmah, 710, Norris, from London, via Wellington, with 225 casks bottled beer, 16 cases sardines, 20 hhds. stout, 10 hhds. ale, 3 cases millinery, 4 cases mantelpieces, N. Edwards & Co. .. -, 17 cases, 1 parcel, 18 casks, 2 bales, 1 case, 7 packages, Baker ; 1 case, Smith ; 1,885 bars iron, 13 casks, 2 packages, 25 plates, 4 bundles, 20 wheels, 32 packages, 1 case, 6 bundles, 3 wagons, 64 wheels, 45 kegs nails, Sclanders and Nicholson ; 1 case, Black ; 1 cask, Morrison and Sclanders ; 1 box, Bury ; 1 case, Humphries ; 1 case, Harries ; 1 box, Muller ; 3 cases, Rochfort ; 2 cases, 1 package, Munro ; 1 case, Godfrey ; 1 box, Saxton ; 1 box, Brook ; 1 box, Caldwell ; 1 box, Blackmore : 5 cases, Peat and Thornton ; 5 packages, Hooper.

Mr Clarke
Mr Eyes
Mr. Gibson
Mr Girley
Mr. Goulden
Mrs. Goulden
Mr Grey
Mr Halliday
Mr Hill
Mr Kirkwood, Mrs. Kirkwood, Misses J. Kirkwood, E. Kirkwood, A. Kirkwood, Master H. Kirkwood, Mr. J. Kirkwood
Mr Livingston
Mr M'Millan
Mr Palmer
Mr  McArtney
Mr. Rae
Mr. Ross
Mr Tyes
Mr Webb
Mrs. Webb

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 16 June 1858, Page 2
Sipping Intelligence. ENTERED INWARDS.
June 12, schooner Sarah, 22, Rochfort, from Wellington, with 89 cheeses, 1 case drapery, Wilson ; 10 bags' potatoes, Rochfort. Passenger  Mr. Manning.
13, steamer White Swan, 322, M'Lean, from Melbourne, with 3 cases, Lockhart ; 1 box, addressed ; 2 cases, Order ; 2 crates, Order ; 1 crate, Order ; 1 bale hops, 1 trunk, 4 cases, Order ; 3 cases, West ; 1 box, Taylor ; 1 case plants, Botanical Gardens, Auckland ; 1 box, Ready ; 4 cases, Order ; 4 packages, Switzer and Co. ; 3 cases, Isaacs and Co. ; 1 box, Blacklock ; 4 chests tea, 2 casks rice, 40 hurdles, Young and Co. ; 1 horse, McMulloch ; 1 case, addressed ; 2 boxes silver, Oriental Bank ; 3 parcels, Buchanan ; 1 parcel, Waitt ; 32 packages baggage and furniture, W. P. Kirkwood ; 12 do. do., Captain McLean. Passengers  Messrs. Ross, Eyes, McMillan, Webb, Mrs. Webb, Messrs. Gibson, Clarke, Kirkwood, Mrs. Kirkwood, Misses J. Kirkwood, E. Kirkwood, A. Kirkwood, Master H. Kirkwood, Mr. J. Kirkwood, Mr. Rae, Mr. Goulden, Mrs. Goulden, Messrs. McArtney, Tyes, Halliday, Palmer, Livingston, Girley, Grey, and Hill.
15, cutter Supply, 20, Walker, from Collingwood ; in ballast. Passengers 4.
schooner Australian Maid, 17, Hooper, from Waitapu, with 6,000 feet timber. Passenger  1.
CLEARED OUTWARDS. June 13, steamer Tasmanian Maid, 90, Whitwell, for Wellington, with 8 bales wool, 4 bales do., 1 parcel gold dust (168 ozs. 10 dwts. 23 grs.), 1 parcel gold dust (41 ozs.), 1 crate of plants, 1 ton flour, Passengers  Messrs. D. Dartnall, B. Black, Mrs. Voller, Mr. and Mrs. Druce and child, and four in the steerage.
schooner Mary, 40, M'Lean, for the Wairau. Passengers  Mr. Ralston and two sons, Messrs. Lakeman, Goodman, and Fowler.
14, schooner Sarah and Elizabeth, 52, Hibberly, for Queen Charlotte Sound. Passengers  3.
brig Burnett, 200, Scaplehorn, for Sydney, with 8 kegs butter, 25 do., 1 box gold dust (706 ozs.), 1 keg nails. Passengers C. Westley, C. Edwards, M. Marks, S. Second, F. Leopold, P. A. Deck, F. Oddail, T. Jones, W. Pock, R. J. Potter, Houghton, Baptiste.
15, screw steamer White Swan, 322, M'Lean, for Wellington, with part of original cargo from Melbourne; shipped at Nelson, 5 cases and 1 cask, Bethune and Hunter. Original cabin passengers from Melbourne  Mr. and Mrs. Webb, Messrs. Ross, Gibson, Clarke, McMellan, Mr. .and Mrs. Kirkwood and family; steerage, Messrs. Rae, T. McMasters, Tyes, Halliday, J. Palmer, Levington, Gitley, Greig, Hill, Hill ; from Nelson, Mr. Kingdon. The screw steamer White Swan arrived in Nelson on Saturday evening, after a run of eight days from Melbourne. The voyage would no doubt have been made in a much shorter time had not the vessel encountered strong head winds, which sometimes increased to a gale. The White Swan is an iron screw steamer of 322 tons, built by Messrs. W. Simons and Co., of Glasgow. Her engines are direct acting, of 75 horse power; they were manufactured by Messrs. A. and J. Inglis, and the boiler is heated by four immense furnaces. Her average speed, under steam alone, is said to be nine knots per hour, and she consumes about thirteen tons of coal every 24 hours. The vessel is comfortably fitted up, and she has accommodation in the saloon for 30 passengers, and in the steerage for about 90 passengers. In addition to which, her intermediate cabin, which has during this trip been appropriated as a hold for the passengers' luggage, can be used when required to afford increased passenger accommodation. Altogether, the White Swan is a very comfortable vessel, and there is every reason to hope that her performance of the New Zealand inter-provincial service, for which she has been engaged, will not disappoint the public. She left for Wellington yesterday morning, having taken on board several tons of Motupipi coal, which she will use on the voyage. We have been informed by the owner, Mr. Kirkwood, that the engines of the White Swan were specially constructed for the purpose of burning inferior coal, and that if this trial of the Motupipi coal succeeds, the steamer will use it regularly. The White Swan sails from Wellington for Taranaki and Manukau, whence she will probably return to Nelson, and then make the round of the other southern provinces.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 6 October 1858,
Entered inwards 4 October - barque Harkaway, 658, Graham, from London via Wellington, with part of original cargo from London. Passenger  J. S. Kirwan. Nicholson and Ridings, agents.

Daily Southern Cross, 10 December 1858, Page 2 - passengers for New Zealand
Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle
, 15 January 1859,
The Lady Alice sailed from Gravesend , for Nelson direct, on 2nd September.
Arrived January 14, barque Lady Alice, 419, Smith, from London.
Passengers, cabin :
Mr Hinds                 [Captain Hinds]
Mr. Leonard Stowe
Mr Wheelwright
Mr. and Mrs. Worthington

Steerage :
Mr. Robert Harrison
Mr. John Hale
Mrs Elizabeth Hale
Mr. Christian Mackay [Miss Mackay]
Mr. and Mrs. Patterson [and family]
Mary, Martha, Patrick, Barbara, and Hugh Patterson

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 19 January 1859, Page 2
Entered Inwards: January 18, brigantine Active, 136, Smith, from Melbourne, via Wellington. Passengers A. McGill, G. Gibson, John Keefe, J. Dickson.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 26 February 1859,
Sailed February 25, barque Lady Alice, 420, Smith, for Guam, in ballast.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 26 February 1859,
Arrived. February 24, schooner Zephyr, 130, Kensett, from Wellington, on 22nd instant. Six passengers per Star of the East, from London, arrived at Auckland. John Beit, agent.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 2 March 1859,
Arrived 27 February  brig Duchess of Leinster, 272, Newton, from London. Passenger  Mrs. Newton. The brig Duchess of Leinster, from London, with a general cargo of merchandize, and the Harp from Hobart Town, with a cargo of palings, &c., arrived on Sunday. The former vessel had a very protracted passage.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 5 March 1859,
The brig Duchess of Leinster, which left the Downs on the 18th October, had a pretty good run of thirty five days to the Line ; thence to the Cape, head winds and calms, making a bad easting, followed by strong winds and weather until arrival at Cape Farewell ; after which, beating about for nine days, finally arriving at Nelson on 27th February, all well.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 30 March 1859,
Arrived: March 26, brigantine Marchioness, 178, Kreeft, from Melbourne.
Passengers - Cabin : Mr. and Mrs. Marter, Miss C. Marter, Masters C, G., and K. Marter, and 11 for Port Lyttelton.
Steerage: Messrs. William Hogg, William Rowan, Phee, James Dick, John Rudd, John M'Loughlan, George Sharp, and Charles Hunter; Mr. and Mrs. Fitness and family; Mary, Margaret, and Jane Rowan.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 18 June 1859,
Arrived June 17, ship Alfred the Great, 649, McIntyre, from Wellington. Passengers  Mr. and Mrs. Tollemache, Mr. and Mrs Beitt, Mr. Stafford, and Mr. Smith.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 2 July 1859,
Sailed July 1, ship Alfred the Great, 649, M'Intyre, for Guam.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 30 July 1859,
The Queen of the Avon.  This barque arrived from England, via Wellington, on Wednesday, and has brought an addition to our population of about fifty souls. Many of the passengers have come to join their relations in Nelson, and several of the new arrivals are of the labouring class. A child of one of the passengers died shortly alter the vessel anchored, and has been buried in the cemetery.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 24 September 1859,
Arrived September 23, barque Cresswell, 574, Barnett, from London; general cargo ; The barque Cresswell, Captain Barnett, arrived from England via Canterbury, yesterday afternoon. The Cresswell brings 38 passengers for Nelson, and 2 for New Plymouth. She lauded 161 passengers at Canterbury, at which port she made a stay of three days. The passage from England was made in 114 days.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 8 October 1859, Page 3
The immigrants who have arrived by the Cresswell are, taken altogether, a very promising accession to our population. Notwithstanding the mischievous attempts of some fellows who go on board newly arrived emigrant ships to discourage new-comers by fabulous accounts of the sorrows to come, the majority of the Cresswell people set their faces against these prophets of evil, and have already found work, and some of them permanent work at good wages. One young woman who landed on Tuesday was met on landing by a well to-do swain who offered her a home, wooed her on the spot, and married her the next morning. There are none of them who will not reap the benefit of the character they maintained on board ship.  Lyttelton Times, September 14.

The return of the Wellington schooner from Timaru confirms the information received per Spray of the state of the labour market in that part of the province. The Wellington, it will be recollected, took down a considerable number of passengers, among them newly-arrived immigrants per Cresswell. Of these some had made engagements previously to their departure hence ; but others went down simply on "spec." We learn that the services of all were applied for before they had time to go on shore, and there was no difficulty for each and all to obtain suitable employment. It is stated that a demand exists for some descriptions of trades  shoemakers, for instance but of course the opening must be very limited. The Deal boatmen and their craft have commenced the fishing business, which was the ostensible object placed before them on coming out to the colony. They started for the first time on Monday morning with the trawl net, and went down the harbour and outside the heads. As it needs a brisk breeze to make the trawl work. Now that the warm weather is approaching, a market for any fish caught is a matter of certainty, and we therefore anticipate that the Deal boatmen are about to get into a very remunerative business. Id.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 21 September 1859,
In the Roxana, which may be expected to arrived about a fortnight, was shipped a very valuable Clydesdale stallion for A. Monro, Esq., who imported Clydesdale horse Abraham Newland last year ; by early ship to Nelson, a superior Durham cow am will be forwarded by E. W. Stafford.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 12 October 1859,
Arrived October 11, barque Roxana, 273, Spittal, from London. The clipper barque Roxana, Captain Spittal, arrived from London yesterday morning after a passage of 107 days from the Downs. Pair winds were experienced us far as the Cape, and since then strong winds and heavy weather have prevailed. The Roxana brings no passengers, but a large cargo for this place, including a valuable Clydesdale horse, imported by Mr. Monro.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 23 November 1859,
Cleared outwards - November 19, barque Roxana, 274, Spittal for Port Underwood.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 18 February 1860, Page 3
The ship Robert Small, Captain Darke, arrived here yesterday afternoon from London via Lyttelton. She left London on the 7th October and the Downs on the 10th of the month. She encountered heavy gales in the Bay of Biscay, which retarded the voyage at the outset and she arrived at Lyttelton on the 29th January, where she landed 140 passengers. She has brought a large cargo for this place, and is consigned to Messrs. Bethune and Hunter. She is advertised to load for London, to follow the Zealandia. Wellington Spectator, February 8. The Robert Small from England arrived at Canterbury on the 29th ultimo. She brought miners and navvies despatched by the contractors for the tunnel..

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 14 March 1860,
Entered Inwards. March 12, ship Robert Small, 723, Darke, from Wellington.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 14 April 1860,
Sailed April 10, ship Robert Small, for Guam.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 12 May 1860,
Arrived. April 12, barque Neilly, from London.
The barque Neilly, which arrived in our harbour yesterday, had been 120 days out from England, having put back twice in consequence of tempestuous weather. She brings no passengers, but has a large and valuable cargo for this port. The Neilly was in two cyclones off the Cape of Good Hope, and throughout the voyage has had the severest weather ever encountered by her captain during his many voyages. She has been three days off the coast of New Zealand, having had to lay-to in a heavy gale.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 27 June 1860, Page 2
ENTEEED Inwards. June 26, ship Anne Longton, 697, Mundle, from London. Passengers Cabin : Captain Henry Jones, Misses Brazier, Watts (2), Miles, and Hardrnan, Misses Smith (2). Second Cabin : Messrs. Warnock, Grant, Oliver, Roberts, Montgomery, Mary A. Blondel, Mrs. Smith and 3 children, Mr. and Mrs. Woodmore, Alfred Delisle, John Blondel. Steerage : Mr. and Mrs. Parmenter, 2 children, Sarah Patching, 5 children, Mr. and Mrs. Adams, 3 children, Mr. and Mrs. Rees, 4 children, Mr. and Mrs. Simmonds, Mrs. Sanders, 7 children, Mr. and Mrs. Winter, 2 children, Mr. and Mrs. Ducker, 1 child, Frederick and Catherine Ducker, and 1 child, Mr. and Mrs. Bergmann, 2 children, Mr. and Mrs. Brockman, Maria Brockman, Ann and Rose Barrett, William Knight, Hugh and Hannah Beattie, Elizabeth Lyford, John Ross, James Lambert, and Frederick Ridley.
Cleared Outwards. June 23, brig Wave, 197, Rossiter, for Sydney. Passengers : cabin Mr. and Mrs. Williams and two children, Mr. and Mrs. Green, and Mr. Thomas : steerage J. Paul, J. Morgan, and F. Warren.
schooner Mary, 40, M'Lean, for Picton and Blenheim. Passengers  Messrs. Adams, Jeffrey, Adams, Handyside, Dr. Bedborough, Mrs. Downs and three children, Mr. and Mrs. Simmons.
25, schooner George Lorimer, 7, Sanderson, for Queen Charlotte Sound.
26, brig Spray, 148, J. A. Scott, for Sydney, in ballast. Passengers Mr. and Mrs. Miller and four children, Messrs. Hughes and Paap.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 22 September 1860, Page 2
ENTERED INWARDS. September 20, barque John Phillips, 341, Thomas, from London. Passengers: Cabin  Mr. Ralph Buckley, Mr. and Mrs. W. Young and four children, Mr. and Mrs. Fell, Mr. W. H. Fell, Mr. Charles Jones, Miss Sarah Murray, Miss Mary Anne Wilson. Second Cabin  Messrs. J. Hambrook, G. A. Beere, R. J. Trewavas, Mr. and Mrs. Kitching and seven children. Steerage  John G. Lash, Susan Lash, Mary Lash, Samuel Lash, Hannah Harrison, W. C. Thompson, Theodore Thompson, Jane Haslam, W. Overend.
IMPORTS. John Phillips: m London 50 boxes sperm candles, 5 kegs tobacco, 1 package jewellery, 43 cases oilman's stores, J. Beit; 32 packages, A. Weyergang ; 13 packages, 4 cases, M. Harris; 101 packages, Morrison and Sclanders; 6 baskets, E. Prichard; 5 packages, D. Moore ; 1 case, Order $ 1 package, Broughton ; 1 box, Sealey ; 1 case, Fletcher ; 3 cases, 13 casks, Wylie : 1 cask, 11 boxes, R. Burn; 8 packages, Gapper j 2 cases, Harrison ; 10 packages, Allen; 77 tons coal, Order; 1 case, Saxton; 10 hhds, 10 barrels, 9 bales, 7 cases, 10 hhds coals, 300 bags salt, 6 cases, 2 casks, 23 water-casks, 7 cases, 1 fire-engine, 1 cooking-store, 1 life-boat;, Nash and Scaife; 5 cases, 2 packages, A. Collins ;

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle,19 January 1861, Page 2
LIST of ASSISTED EMIGRANTS embarked on board the WILD DUCK, for Nelson, on the 6th day of October, 1860 per Alfred Greenfield, Immigration Secretary:
Alexander Cameron
Ann M. Cameron
Ann Cameron
Donald Cameron
Donald Cameron
Flora Cameron
Margaret Cameron
Thomas Dickens
Elizabeth Howell
Julia Howell
Samuel Knaiston
Charlotte Matthy
Charlotte Matthy
Eliza Matthy
George Matthy
Thomas Matthy
John Mills
Edward Murrell
John Shortt

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 3 August 1861,
Arrived.  August 2, barque Glenshee, 319, Buick, from London.
This barque, which was signalled on Thursday last, was brought into harbour and moored alongside the Government Wharf yesterday. She brings the long-expected lighthouse, twelve valuable sheep for Dr. Renwick, and a large general cargo. The Glenshee has been 151 days out, was delayed in the Channel by contrary winds for twenty-four days, and throughout the passage has experienced much stormy weather, having on one occasion been struck by lightning.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 23 October 1861, Page 2
LIST of PERSONS who have agreed to LEAVE ENGLAND for NELSON by the next vessel. Alfred Greenfield, Immigration Secretary.
Arnold, John
Arnold, William
Brosman, Honoria
Hart, Amelia
Hart, Charles
Hart, James
Hart, Celia
Hart, William
Hart, William
Murphy, Jane
Murphy, William
Rees, Thomas
Dayman, Mary Anne
Dayman, William J.
Dayman, George R.
Dayman, John Henry
Sherratt, Agnes
Sherratt, Emma
Sherratt, Joseph
Humphreys, Jesse
Humphreys , Esther
Humphreys, Jesse
Humphreys, Margaret
Humphreys, Thomas
Kogan, Daniel
Kogan, Francis
Kogan, James
Kogan, John
Kogan, Joseph
Kogan, Mary
Sullivan, Elizabeth
Tunnicliffe, Charles

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 26 October 1861,
Arrived October 25, ship Gladiator, 503, Lorie, from London. Passengers: saloon Mr. Griffiths.
Second cabin  Mr. and Mrs. M'Donald, Messrs. Fletcher, Yarker, and Bashford.
Steerage Messrs. Beatttie, Burnett, Adam, Eliott, Richardson, Gideon, Mr. and Mrs. Scott.
The ship Gladiator arrived in our harbour yesterday afternoon, after a very pleasant passage of 105 days from England. She brings one saloon, five second class, and eight steerage passengers, and a large and valuable cargo for this port. Her appearance is spoken of as that of the smartest and cleanest trading vessel that has ever visited Nelson.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 7 May 1862,
Arrived May 2, ship Ardencraig, from London

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, , 9 August 1862,
Arrived August 6, barque Knight Bruce from London. Passengers Mr. and Mrs. Rowe, Masters Rowe (2), Mr. Lile, and Master and Miss Lile. The barque Knight Bruce, from London, arrived here on Thursday last, after a long and tedious passage, the captain having died on the voyage. The Knight Bruce left the Downs on the 13th of March, and experienced light winds for the first half of the voyage, and a succession of gales for the remaining distance. She has a full cargo for this port, and brings ten passengers.

The Hamburg barque Joachim Christian, Captain Peters, from London direct, arrived in harbour yesterday afternoon, after a lengthened passage of 147 days, during the greater part of which she experienced head winds and boisterous weather. She has brought four fawns, a portion of a present from the late Prince Consort, to New Zealand, and three pheasants ; six fawns were shipped, but two died during the passage.  Wellington Advertiser, July 24.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 1 October 1862,
Cleared Outwards September 27, barque Knight Bruce, 390, Milne, for Callao, in ballast.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 4 October 1862, Page 3
We are glad to learn that the steamer Lyttelton has been purchased by Messrs. N. Edwards and Co., of Nelson, to replace the Tasmanian Maid as a steam coaster for the Provinces of Nelson and Marlborough. As the Lyttelton draws a foot less water than the Tasmanian Maid, she will be able to ascend the Opawa river to Blenheim, which is a point of great importance in the Wairau trade. The Lyttelton may be expected in Nelson in about a week or ten days hence.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 29 November 1862,
Sailed 27 November, barque Avery, 343, Grace, for New Plymouth.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 1862
Arrived. December 4, barque Waterlily, 594, Bolt, from London. Passengers  Messrs. Burnes, Moon, Jones, M'Lobin ; and eight for Canterbury. The barque Waterlily arrived on Thursday last after a passage of 115 days from the Channel. She sighted .Mount Cook nine days previously, but a succession of gales and calms delayed her arrival in port. Having landed the horses she brought to Nelson, she will sail to-day for Lyttelton.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 10 June 1863,
Arrived - June 6, barque Mina, from London. The Barque Mina, Captain Astrom, with a very large general cargo for this port, arrived in our harbour on Saturday last, having made the run between England and New Zealand in 113 days. She left the Start point on the 14tb February, and has, during her voyage, experienced a considerable amount of bad weather.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 22 August 1863,
August 19, ship Bard of Avon, 750, Penny, from London, with general cargo. 120 passengers. This ship, commanded by Captain Penny left the Downs on the 26th April last, and, on the 2nd May, was clear of the land. Thirty four days after leaving, the line was crossed, but, as no South East trade wind was met with, the Cape of Good Hope was not rounded until the 74th day. From that time she had generally a fair breeze. There was no sickness on board and but one birth. The Bard of Avon has brought 130 passengers, most of whom are assisted immigrants, and a large general cargo ; she has not yet entered the harbour consequent on the the unfavourable state of the weather but we believe that the passengers will this day be brought ashore by one of our coastal steamers.

Nelson Examiner 1st Aug. 1863

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 25 August 1863,
Arrived August 20, ship Bard of Avon, from London.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 12 September 1863, Page 5
Wednesday, September 9. [Before J. Poynter, Esq., Resident Magistrate.] George Sullivan, Charles Thompton, and Thomas Pearson, seamen on board the Bard of Avon, were charged with having deserted that vessel. Prisoners admitted the offence and were sentenced to be imprisoned, with hard labour, for twelve weeks.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 8 October 1863,
Cleared Outwards - October 6, ship Bard of Avon, 765, Penny, for New Plymouth.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 13 October 1863, Page 4
The Ship Bard of Avon. Eight seamen, who had deserted the ship Bard of Avon, were, on the 7th, October again taken on board the vessel by Nelson police constables. When they were on the wharf they refused to enter the boat, which was to convey them to their vessel, then lying outside the harbour, unless their hand-cuff were removed. This was done, and they then suffered themselves to be token alongside the chip. Arrived there, however, they refused to go on board singly, and all ascended the ship's side at the same time, seized belaying pins, and attacked the mate, whose face they seriously cut. The men did not, and said they would not attack the constables, who used great exertions to subdue their mutinous conduct. A boat was sent ashore for reinforcements, and, while it was on its way, one of the mutinous seamen, seeing seven pairs of hand-cuffs lying on the deck, seized them, and threw them overboard. Additional constables having arrived, the seaman were again taken into custody, and brought ashore. They were subsequently taken before the Resident Magistrate, who, after repremanding them, and pointing out the heinosness of this offence, again sent them on board in irons. We believe that the men say they had no spite against the mate, who had always acted in a most gentlemanly manner to them, but they were determined to do something that would prevent their being taken on board again. Captain Penny was on shore during the disturbance.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 17 October 1863,
October 16, ship Cashmere, 640, Barnett, from London

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 12 November 1863,
It is with much pleasure we gain welcome Captain Barnett to Nelson. His vessel, the Cashmere, of 640 tons, has not made a rapid, though we hear it was a very pleasant passage. Those on board speak in the highest praise of Captain Barnett's conduct towards them : to those who have known that gentlemen during the several years he has traded to this port, such a fact will appear but as a matter of coarse, yet, for the information of our distant readers, we would state that on no single occasion has Captain Barnett visited Nelson without receiving a similar compliment to his excellent seamanship and strict discipline. The Cashmere, we believe, did not sight land, after leaving England, until her arrival at Nelson.

Tuesday, December 15, 1863. [Before J. Poynten, Esq., Resident Magistrate.] Edward Bull, James Farmer, John Hutton, Vernon Costello, and Joseph Prophett, seamen belonging to the ship Cashmere, were each sentenced to imprisonment for two months, with hard labour, for having deserted that vessel.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 1 December 1863,
Cleared out - 28 Nov., ship Cashmere, 640, Barnett, for Taranaki.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 29 March 1864,
Entered inwards barque Memento, 464, Lyall, from Londen. Passengers  Messrs. C. D. Whitcombe, W. E. Whitcombe, Rod, Dee, and Porter.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 26 March 1864,
The barque Memento, of Montrose, Captain W. Lyall, from London, arrived at this port yesterday, after a passage of ninety-one days from the docks. She brings two chief cabin, and three second-cabin passengers, with a general cargo, for Nelson and Taranaki. This vessel has made an equally quick run with that made by the iron-built barque Napier, which was eighty-three days from the Start to New Zealand. The Memento was only ninety-one days from the dock to Nelson. The Memento left St. Katharine's docks on the 24th December, Gravesend, the 25th, and the Downs, on the 27th, and cleared the Channel on the 31st; passed Madeira on the 7th January, the Canaries on the 8th, and got the north-east trades on the 20th, in latitude 23-30, longitude 20 10. On the 22nd January the equator was passed, and the south-cast trades met when in latitude 14 40, and lost in 22 50, having been very light. The meridian of the Cape of Good Hope was passed on the 20th February. After the trade winds had been lost some very unfavourable winds were met with. The meridian of Tasmania was passed on the 18th March. Cape Farewell was made on Wednesday, the 23rd, at five, p.m.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 28 April 1864,
Arrived. April 20, ship Statesman, from London, bound to Auckland, put in for water. This vessel, bound to Auckland, with sixteen cabin, and eighty-four steerage passengers, 120 days out from London, put in here yesterday for water. The cargo of the Statesman is chiefly Government stores. Her great length of passage is attributable to light weather.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 31 May 1864,
Entered Inwards - May 29, ship Fray Bentos, 483, Amondion, from London. Passengers  Mr. and Mrs. Duncan.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 13 September 1864,
Arrived September 11, barque Humphrey, 454 tons, Fell, Nelson, from London.
Passenger  Mr. and Mrs. Parritt and child.
This barque, of 451 tons, Captain Fell, arrived in our harbour on Sunday last, after a passage of 121 days from the Downs. She crossed the line after having been out forty-five days, and, after having reached 22 deg. South, experienced very foul weather. Cape Farewell was sighted on the 9th instant, and the Humphrey Nelson was at anchor on the 11th. She brings, as passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Porritt and child, and has a large general cargo for this port and New Plymouth.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 31 January 1865,
Arrived January 30, ship, Ravenscraig, 581 tons, Inglis, from London. Passengers :
Cabin  Messrs. Lewin, W. Stace, H. Stace, &. Stace, Wroughton, Peachy, Engels ;
Steerage  Messrs. Chichester, Groom, M'Kae, Mrs. Meadows and 3 sons, Mrs. Gapes.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 11 May 1865, Page 4
Arrived May 10 - Barque Rose. This vessel arrived from London, yesterday morning, after a passage of 121 days. She has a full cargo for this port and Taranaki.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 30 May 1865,
Saturday, May 27. [Before J. Poynter, Esq., Resident Magistrate. Alexander Stephen, master of the Barque Rose, was summoned for having been guilty of wilfully failing to make due and proper report of the arrival of his ship, contrary to the provision of the Custom's Regulation Act, 1858.

Importation of Machinery.  There has just been landed from the barque Rose, and is now lying on the Government Wharf, an iron water-wheel of unusual dimensions, it being fourteen feet wide, and twelve feet in diameter. This wheel, accompanied with all the requisite machinery, is for a large flour mill, which Mr. Redwood is about to erect on Spring Creek, in the Wairau. We have often before had occasion to refer to Mr. Redwood's enterprise as an importer of machinery, he having been the first to introduce the steam threshing machine, as well as the steam plough into New Zealand.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 24 June 1865,
Arrived. June 23, barque William Gwynther, from London. The barque signalled on Thursday was the William Gwynther, 111 days out from London, with no passengers, but a large general cargo for this port. She is consigned to Messrs. N. Edwards and Co.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 19 August 1865,
Arrived. August 16, barque Eudora, from London. Passengers :
cabin  Mr. W. Wilson;
second cabin  Mr. and Mrs. Rogers;
steerage  Mr. and Mrs. Leech and five children, Mr. and Mrs. Garrard and child, Mr. and Mrs. Penlove, and Mr. Fiddler.
Barque Eudora, from London.  The Eudora, from London, arrived here on Wednesday last, after a passage of 116 days. She experienced fine weather for the greater part of the voyage, but in the meridian of the Cape encountered some heavy squalls. The Eudora has brought sixteen passengers, and a large cargo.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 3 October 1865,
October 1, barque British Merchant, from London. The British Merchant, 112 days from London, arrived here on Sunday last. The ship Tudor, 105 days from London, arrived at Lyttelton on the 23rd instant. She brought out 171 immigrants.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 11 November 1865, Page 7
First Wool Ship  The barque British Merchant, now in our harbour, has been chartered by Messrs. N. Edwards and Co. to load home with wool, there will also be shipped by her nearly 200 tons of chrome ore, which is now being put on board. The British Merchant will complete her loading in Port Underwood, and it is expected that she will sail in January.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 12 April 1866,
Arrived. April 11, barque Danish Beauty, from London. Entered inwards 13 April. The barque Danish Beauty, Captain Pottinger, arrived at the outer anchorage yesterday afternoon, 123 days out from London.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 7 June 1866,
Arrived 5 June, barque K"nigin Augusta, from London. This barque left Portsmouth for this port on the 18th February, passed the Lizard on the 20th, crossed the Equator on the 8th March, having been only eighteen days out ; passed the meridian of the Cape on the on the 21st April, was off Tasmania on the 21st May, and arrived here on Monday night the 4th instant, after a pleasant passage of 104 days. She brings no passengers, but a large general cargo.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 24 April 1866,
The barque K'nigen Augusta sailed from Portsmouth, for this port, on. February 18, and has now been out sixty-five days.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 12 July 1866,
Barque K'nigen Augusta, 428, Schoede, for Taranaki, with part of original cargo from London.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 9 August 1866,
Arrived. August 7, barque Dreadnought, from London.
The barque Dreadnought, Captain Smith, from London, arrived here on Tuesday night, the 7th instant, after a protracted passage of 169 days. She left Gravesend on the 21st March ; landed the pilot next day at the Downs ; passed the Lizard on the 3rd of April ; and sighted the Island of St. Paul on June 30 ; was abreast of Tasmania on July 15 ; sighted Cape Farewell on the 5th instant, and arrived at Nelson as above. During the passage the Dreadnought met with a succession of very heavy gales, which accounts for her long passage. She brings a full cargo for this port and Taranaki, and has also steerage passenger  Mr. Grey and Mr. Morffat.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 9 February 1867,
Entered inwards, Feb. 6, barque Celestial, 401, Greatorex, from London, after a passage of 108 days. Sailed on 21 October.
The Celestial, whose arrival from London we announced on Thursday, encountered heavy weather in crossing the Bay of Biscay, but the remaining part of the voyage the weather was generally light and variable. Off the Cape of Good Hope saw a large ship, with foremast gone, standing in for Cape Town.  ...

The Times, Saturday, Jun 11, 1853
Wreck of The Aurora, of Hull.- This vessel, Hull to New York, foundered at sea on 20th May in lat. 46 N, long. 38 west. Left Hull on the 26th April. A leak increased. Joshua Cherry, master. The longboat was picked up by the Volusia, of Belfast.

The Southern Cross Tuesday 29th Dec. 1863
Napier arrived at Nelson, from London, after a voyage of 83 days. The Napier is an iron vessel, this being her first voyage, and is one of the finest ships that ever entered the harbour. Nelson Examiner- Dec. 10.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 16 June 1869, Page 2
Arrived June 12, barque Alliance, 338, Le Corun, from Liverpool.

Arrival of the Barque Alliance.  This vessel, about whose safety grave fears had been entertained, arrived here on Saturday, after a passage of 196 days from Liverpool. The voyage of the Alliance is an example of how ill-luck sometimes sticks to a vessel throughout a passage, for so far from the vessel being one calculated to make a long voyage, she is a remarkably good-looking, handy vessel, and sails well. The secret of her long passage and all the evils that have befallen her, is, we believe, to be traced to bad stowage of cargo and being overloaded. The Alliance sailed from Liverpool on 27th November, but had to put back three days after, having had very bad weather Holyhead. She reached Liverpool on 3rd December, and sailed again on the 9th, meeting very heavy weather in the Channel, and in the Bay of Biscay, where the wheel chains and relief tackles were carried away in a storm, and the stern post sprung. On the 30th of January the ship, which had a great quantity of dead weight in her, had to be lightened by throwing overboard a quantity of cargo, and in a crippled condition made for Rio de Janeiro, for repairs, which, she reached on 22nd February. After undergoing the requisite refitting, she sailed on the 15th March, but subsequently experienced a considerable amount of bad weather, which continued at intervals during the whole of the month of April. On the 4th May she encountered a perfect hurricane, which lasted three days, during which the vessel so laboured that again it was necessary to throw cargo overboard to save the ship from foundering. After this the weather was moderately line.

List of cargo thrown overboard from the barque Alliance, on her passage from Liverpool to Nelson  48 tons salt, 17 boxes, J.8.C.; 8 boxes, R.R.M. (in diamond) ;10 boxes, J.B. and Co.; 6 boxes, R.M. (in diamond); 2 barrels, J.M.I. over N. (in diamond); 3 cases, do., do.; 20 boxes, 60 barrels, E.B. and Co. over N.; 40 barrels, E.B. 88 over N. (in diamond); 8 bdls iron, E.B. 250 drain pipes, 14 tons coal, J.M.

Nelson haven from Walter's Bluff with the boulder bank. Photo taken by Olwyn, Aug. 2003.


Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 15 March 1873, Page 3
In our obituary of to-day appears the name of Mrs. John Kerr, sen., of Waimea West, -whose death merits something more than the ordinary brief notice. Mrs. Kerr, the mother of seven sons all calculated to make good colonists, arrived in Nelson, with her husband and family in the Fifeshire, the first emigrant ship that entered Nelson harbour, on the 1st of February, I842. As soon as the suburban sections of land were surveyed and allotted, Mr. Kerr, under an arrangement with the New Zealand Company's Agent, occupied 100 acres of land in Waimea West, and, together with Messrs. J. and G. Tytler, who settled on land adjoining, were the pioneer agriculturists of the settlement and Mr. Kerr's house for several years was the resort for all persons who visited the district, where warm hospitality was extended to all comers by its kindly mistress. But it was not of her hospitality that we proposed speaking, but of far higher qualities possessed by this admirable old lady, whose qualities we now record. She had a high, sense of duty combined with an unselfishness of nature, the true tests of nobility of soul, whether in a simple Lowland Scotchwoman or in the first lady of the land. We give a short narrative of an incident in the early history of Nelson, as a tribute to her memory : .....

A corner of Nelson.


Allan, Ruth. (1918-1958) Nelson - A History of Early Settlement. Wellington : A. H. & A. W. Reed, 1965  458 pp index

Allan, Ruth. The History of the Port of Nelson. Christchurch : Whitcombe & Tombs, 1954. 154pp Index.

Briars, Jenny, 1956- Road to Sarau : from Germany to Upper Moutere / Nelson, NZ: J. Briars and J. Leith, 1993. Immigrants New Zealand Moutere River Valley. 166 p. Ships- 'St. Pauli' & 'Skiold'

Buckley, Barry F., 1936- Sails of suffering : the story of the "Lloyds", an original emigrant ship to Nelson, 1841-1842 Napier, N.Z. : B.F. Buckley, 1990. 79 p.

Holdaway, Mary. "The Holdaway Family - Pioneers of Nelson"   ISBN 0-473-01553-6 compiled by the late Mary Holdaway of "Bentworth", 31 Meehan St, Blenheim 7301, NZ. 1991 It has, 15-20 pages, on the Whitby from several people, including a reproduction of the passenger list from the A's to the start of the P's (one page).  There are accounts of the entire voyage and anecdotes from some of the passengers and describes the various minor incidents, shore parties, etc leading to the founding of Nelson.  The Whitby arrived in Wellington (Lambton Harbour) soon after the Will Watch and the Arrow, on 18 Sep 1841 (source Star newspaper, 1 Feb 1932). During its expedition to Nelson Haven, it was initially grounded on the point on 1 Nov 1841, and finally landed on 5 Nov 1841. The Mary Ann arrived with immigrants on 5 Feb 1842 but it had to stay in the bay for two nights before disembarking (source Ethel Holdaway's writings, Nelson archive 1969).

Eckford, H S (Bert) History of the Eckford Shipping Co. and Blenheim River Traders 1881 - 1965 94 pp Self-publication; 1995 A history of the Eckford family of Blenheim and their shipping ventures across Cook Strait.

Fell, Alfred, 1817- A colonist's voyage to New Zealand under sail in the "early forties" by Alfred Fell ; with a foreword by his son, Sir Arthur Fell. Exeter : Townsend, [1926] (Ch : Capper Press, (1973)  112 p. The voyage of the Lord Auckland to Nelson, 1841-1842. Facsimile ed.
An Emigrant voyage of 15 weeks under sail in the 1840s is usually thought of today as grim in the extreme. The myth is dispelled in by far the best account of such a voyage. The true atmosphere of shipboard life is captured in Fell's journal. The amusements and pastimes of debates, parties, practical jokes: the peculiarities of shipboard housekeeping with live sheep, pigs and poultry: the necessities of life at sea. Alfred Fell, who founded the firm of Fell and Seymour, sailed with settlers for Nelson in September 1841 in the Lord Auckland'

Field, A.N. - Nelson Province 1642-1842 : From Discovery to Colonisation - Nelson, 1942, A G Betts & Son. 144pp. A history of New Zealand's Nelson Province.

Lists of Passengers to Nelson, 1841-1850 is available at Alexander Turnbull Library and the Nelson Provincial Museum. See Application and Embarkation #s

McMurtry, George, 1919- Versatile community : the history of the settlers of central Moutere /  1992

Motueka and District Historical Association: Not Without Courage - Our First Settlers.  Pub. 1992  Four young men from Camborne were approached by the New Zealand Company's agent, Mr William Budge, to join the Expedition party which was going to NZ to found the colony of Nelson under the direction of Captain Arthur Wakefield. They were the Rawlings brothers - William 30 years, Richard 27 years and Thomas 22 years. The fourth was Richard Ching. They left Gravesend on 2 May 1841 on the 'Will Watch' and 'Whitby' .The wives and children followed in Feb 1842 on the infamous Lloyds. (65 children died enroute probably due to poor ventilation, malfunctioning oil lamps and overcrowding.  All further vessels were sent with women and children protected by their husband's.)  All three of Thomas and Elizabeth's children died en-route. They eventually settled in Riwaka near Nelson. ISSN 02112-0271

Neale, June E., 1919- Landfall Nelson : by sailing ship, 1642-1842: Anchor Press, 258 Wakefield Quay, Nelson NZ 1978, 1989. Focuses on the original four emigrant ships into Nelson: Fifeshire sailed 26 September 1841, Mary Ann sailed 24 September 1841, Lloyds sailed 11 September 1841 and Lord Auckland sailed 21 September 1841. Also Whitby sailed 27 April 1841, Will Watch sailed 27 April 1841. There are passenger lists recorded for each of the ships named.

Neale, June E. Pioneer passengers : to Nelson by sailing ship, March 1842-June 1843: Anchor Press, 1982, 1989. Focuses on  the ships arriving 1842/3, and includes a voyage account and passenger lists for each ship: Bolton, Martha Ridgeway, London, Clifford, Sir Charles Forbes, Thomas Harrison, Olympus, New Zealand, George Fyfe, Bombay, Prince of Wales, Indus, Thomas Sparkes, Phoebe and the German immigrant ship St Pauli.

Newport, J.N.W. A History of the area (Collinwood) from the earliest days to 1915. 1971 Caxton Press printers.
Newport, J.N.W. Golden Bay: One Hundred Years of Local Government. Takaka : Golden Bay County Council, 975
Newport, J.N.W A Short History of Nelson Province
Newport, J. N.W. Footprints : The Story of the Settlement and Development of the Nelson back country districts / Christchurch [N.Z.] : Whitcombe & Tombs, c1962.

Raggett, P.D. Square rigged sailing ships visiting Nelson 1841 to 1910 / by P.D. Raggett. 126 p, ill. Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 047309066X (pbk) P.D. Raggett, 4 McMahon St, Stoke, Nelson, NZ

Ross. John O. Captain F.G. Moore - Mariner & Pioneer 1982. Frederick George Moore, master mariner and coastal pioneer discoverer of Wakatu or Nelson Haven, lying behind its natural breakwater the Boulder Bank in 1841.  He was closely associated with the roots of colonisation.

Sutton, Jean S. How Richmond Grew / J. Sutton. Richmond, N.Z. : 1992.

Waimea South Historical Society. From River to Range  This booklet give names and brief biographies of many early families that immigrated to the Nelson's Waimea West region 1840-1880 and the early history of the area and was published to commemorate the 150th anniversary of European settlement. Contact: Maurie Earl 35 Edward Street, Wakefield, NZ to see if the booklet is still available.


Seafarer's Memorial, Nelson - commissioned by New Zealand Fishing Industry. Grant Palliser, sculptor

The Memorial consists of a pier, The Sunderland Memorial Pier, specially constructed for a Memorial Statue to stand at its end and be back grounded by the sea and the mountains on the north west side of Tasman Bay. At the end of January 2001, in Nelson, a memorial was unveiled to the memory of all those people who gave their lives putting fish on the tables of New Zealanders in their homes, or in the restaurants of the country, or, transporting our country's produce overseas or around these islands.

Memories and love are clustered here, down at the end of the Sunderland pier,
Situated on Nelson's Wakefield Quay, where else should such a memorial be?
Looking out to where the fish are caught, from New Zealand's major Fishing Port.
Port Nelson, a name with a nautical heart, where fishing's a very ancient part
Of New Zealand life and searfaring history, fishing's a part of the great mystery.

The memories here of once and when, are the names of loved, lost seafaring men,
Who led a life at the whim of the sea, and sailed to where they knew fish would be,
Or delivered their cargoes around the world, and round them the sea, it's fury unfurled.
Else tranquil with beauty, soothing and calm, the sea about them can put its arm
many parts, has the call of the sea loving folk like you, like me.



Picton, Otago Witness June 18 1864 page 1 

The port town of Picton is located on the north coast of South Island at the head of Queen Charlotte's Sound. The deep water port is environed by hills clothed with verdure down to the water's edge and the water is so deep that vessels can pass within a few yards of the shore.  Use to be visited by the largest ships coming to New Zealand for grain, wool, hemp and frozen mutton. Vessels can enter and depart at any time of tide without difficulty.  Here the ferries depart and arrive from Wellington.  The Smith Memorial Museum has displays recalling Picton's early whaling days.  Picton death registrar and the cemetery book as well as other local history books are kept at the information desk.  Check here before going to the cemetery which is located on Gravesend Place.

Picton c.1910

The Sounds entrance was first made by Captain John Guard, and it was named Tory Channel after the pioneer ship Tory.  Charlotte Sound was named by Captain James Cook, in honour of George III's , Queen and Consort. Mabel Island was named after the eldest daughter of Governor Gore Browne, the first Governor to visit Marlborough - so named in Auckland, in order to agree with those of the heroes Nelson and Wellington. Blenheim, for the same reason, was renamed from Beaverton and Picton, which was previously Newton was renamed in honour of Sir Thomas Picton, Wellington's chief officer at Waterloo.

14 Sept. 2014
Grant Rawlinson, 40, an Australian adventurer said "Paddling the English Channel felt like being a bathtub compared to paddling the Cook Strait  mainly because it's so shallow."

Examples of inscriptions at the Picton Cemetery
Memory of William SMITH born at Podstone Delry, Galloway, Scotland who died at Picton on the 2 Dec. 1885 aged 38.
Erected to the memory of Andrew FORREST.  Native of Garluke Scotland. Died 13 July 1879. Age 47 years
In memory of John MILLEN.  Born Stretham, London 11.5.1882.  Died Picton 18.7.1946.  Ethel Millen born New Forest, England 29.8.1887 Died Picton 15.7.1963

The Interislander Ferry leaving Picton heading for Wellington  August 1999
Picton August 1999. Still only a small town. 
Photo looking towards Picton.
Totally opposite angle from the sketch above.
The interlander ferry just leaving for Wellington from Picton, an  83-kilometre journey, three hour, scenic cruise. 

Cruisin' On The Interislander
- by The Warratahs
 (a song from a TV commercial in the early1990s)

I've packed my bags
I've turned the key
Can't get away to soon
Hand me my hat
I'm ready to go
So many things to see and do
I'm cruisin' on the Interislander

I am sailing to the other side
I'm cruisin' on the Interislander
I'm taking my time
I'm feeling fine
Cruisin' on the Interislander

I am sailing to the other side
I am on my way 
Going home to see my friends and family
I'm off to see my mother
I'm taking my time
Cruisin' on the Interislander


Kelly, Henry D. High As The Hills' : A Centennial History of Picton  Cape Catley Ltd. for the Picton Borough Council, 1976. 262 p with ill. and index.  The Schielthallion arrived direct from England July 1872 with 124 men, contractors for the Picton- Blenheim Railway, and their families. The S.S. Napier July ?1875 with 32 single men, three single women and five married couples with their children via Port Chalmers on the S.S. Sussex and then transferred to the Napier.

Neill, Joyce (editor) (his g'daughter), Plum Duff and Cake, published c1974, Pegasus Press, Christchurch. 223 pages. HB with Dj.  Ship schematic to end pages. Transcription of the diaries of James William Nicols, aged 22 a "fitter" of Bucks, from prior to, during and after the voyage by the full-rigged ship 'Carnatic', 871 tons, from Plymouth, 28 September, 1874 and landed some passengers and cargo at Picton then arrived at Wellington on 16 January 1875. Includes some of his experiences in the Colony. There are references to "towns" of the day which we now look upon as suburbs of Greater London and a passenger list for Carnatic (including occupations, ages and counties of departure). The original lists are at Archives New Zealand in Wellington, in spite of the business-like appearance, contained many errors and much crossing out. 114 men, 90 women, 40 boys, 44 girls and 9 infants.  Total of souls equals 297, equals 246 statute adults, at 14  pounds 10s.  3567 pounds was the cost to the Govt. 


"All we now need is population."
Arthur Wakefield 1841

Picton, wood engraving, page 164, NZ Handbook 1875.
Picton (wood engraving)