San Francisco to New Zealand 1870s

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San Francisco - New Zealand

New Zealand Bound

The Panama Railway was completed in 1855 but it was years before regular steamships established a route between Sydney and Panama - the Panama run. Passengers would travel from the UK to Panama probably by Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. ships. The Panama, New Zealand & Australia Royal Mail Co. was formed June 15 1866 to operate monthly sailings in each direction between Sydney, Wellington and Panama with four ships.  These connected to the Panama Railroad. These ships required 30 tons of coal per day to run, and an intermediate coaling port at the French island of Rapa was established which was replenished by sailing ships. The Kaikora, 1,501 ton screw steamer built in 1865 made the initial sailing. Her mates were the Rakaia, Ruahine and the Mataura, steamships of similar size. The service never proved to be profitable and the company was in financial difficulties by the end of 1868 and withdrew from the route. The four ships had been mortgaged to the Royal Mail S.P. Co. and were eventually transferred to that company.  Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. purchased several ex-Panama, NZ and Australian S.P. Co. ships. They bought the Kaikora, Rakaia and Ruahine which they renamed Tiber, Ebro and Liffey. These were all placed on the Brazil / River Plate service. 

The fourth steamship Mataura was a clipper bowed, 1,786 gross tons, iron hulled vessel with a speed of 10 knots, built 1866 by Millwall Ship & Graving Co. for the short-lived Panama, New Zealand & Australia Royal Mail Co.. She had accommodation for some 100-1st and 60-2nd class passengers. She left London on her delivery voyage, which was plagued by many breakdowns, for Sydney via the Cape on 9th July1866 and arrived in time to take the September sailing to Wellington and Panama. [North Star to Southern Cross by John M. Maber] [Pacific Steamers by Will Lawson]  Note that this steamship should be distinguished from the sailing ship Mataura, ex Dunfillian, 853 (later 898) tons, built at Glasgow in 1868, which sailed for the New Zealand Shipping Co. from 1874 to 1895.

April 27 1866 Timaru Herald page 2
On February 17, the screw steamer Mataura 1767 tons measurement, was launched at the Millwall ironworks. The steamer will be placed on the new route to Australia and New Zealand via Panama and has been constructed for the Royal Mail Company, formed to establish a line of packets on each side of the Isthmus. The Mataura is 285 feet long between the perpendiculars, has a breadth of 35 feet, and is 26' 8-12" feet deep. She will be propelled by triple screw engines, of 350 nominal horse power. Miss Hamilton christened the vessel, which immediately glided down gracefully into the river, amid cheers of the spectators. -Ibid.

The Panama, New Zealand and Australian Royal Mail Company's steamer Rakaia was launched on January 31 from Messrs Randolph Elder and Co.'s building yard at Fairfield. This vessel is intended for the new mail service between Panama and New Zealand. Her dimensions are - length 265 feet; beam 34 feet; depth 26 feet; tonnage 1504 tons B.M. The engines are 350 horse power, and are the builder's double cylinder principle. - Ibid.

The s.s. Mataura was purchased by Midhat Pasha, the Ottoman governor of Mesopotamia (now Iraq) for the Idare-i Umman-i Osmani, Baghdat roughly translated "Ottoman Ocean Administration, Baghdad", and renamed "Babil" (Babylon), and was critical to consolidating Ottoman rule over Hasa, the eastern coast of what is now Saudi Arabia. She was grounded and lost while transporting war equipment during the Balkan Was in 1912 in the Sea of Marmara and was broken up between 1913-20. She was armed for much of her Ottoman service: 1871-77 4 guns, 1884 5x76mm,1906 3x57mm.

June 1 1866 Timaru Herald page 2
The Voyage of the Kaikora
The first ship of the Royal Mail Line for Panama, New Zealand and Australia, left Plymouth on the 8th March, and arrived at St. Vincent, Cape de Verde Islands, on the 16th making the run of 2000 miles by the log, in eight days. The distant ran in one day was 292 miles, and the shortest 271, making an average of 250 miles. The Kaikora stopped at St. Vincent four days, taking on 3000 tons coal, and getting engines overhaules. She left ST. Vincent on 2oth. Crossed the equator on the 25th. When off St Helena, it was found that one of the blades of the propeller had broken off, which reduced the speed of the vessel to two knots an hour. The Cape was reached on the7th April, making the run from St Vincent in 18 days; distance 4000 miles by log. A day was spent at the cape, taking in 6000 tons coal. The Kaikora left on the 10th and arrived at Port Phillip on the 6th may, making the run from Cape Town in 26 days, the distance of 5700 miles. She lost another of the blades of her propeller about 5000 miles from Port Phillip. Captain Wheeler.

Otago Witness Saturday 1 June 1867 pg15
The Ruahine arrived with English and American mails via Panama. The Ruahine left Panama at midnight on the 25th April. Her outward voyage occupied 30 days and 21 hours. On the 18th hove to for 48 hours, a terrific gale, carrying away the jolty boat and pitched her stern under water. She did not reach Panama until April 15th.
Passengers -
For Wellington: Messrs Evans, Brooks, Nicholson, Rogan and Lohnac
For Canterbury: Major Reader, Capt. Reader, Mr Jones, three children and servant, Mr Hennings.
For Otago: Mr Maitland, Mr and Mrs Maitland, Mr and Mrs Pillans.
For Sydney: Messrs Ameu, Mr Eskell
For Melbourne: Col. and Mrs Pace and servant, Mr and Mrs Smith.

The Times, Thursday, Jul 30, 1868; pg. 9 The West Indies.
The Royal Mail Company's screw steamship Tasmanian, Captain E.M. Leeds, from Colon, Jamaica, and St. Thomas, arrived at Southampton on Tuesday evening. The dates of her mails, which were landed at Plymouth, were as follow: Melbourne May 28, Sydney June 1, Dunedin 2d, Auckland 3 d, Wellington 8d, Valparaiso (Chilli) 17th, Coquimbo (ditto) 8th, Callao and Lima (ditto) 28th, Payta (ditto) 30th, Santa Martha July 1st, Vera Cruz and Carthagena 2d, Havannah, Panama and Colon 7th, Georgetown (Demerara) and Tobago 8th, Port of Spain (Trinidad) 9th, Kingston (Jamaica), Bridgetown (Barbadoes) and Grenada 10th, Jacmel (Hayti), St. Vincent and St Lucia 11th, Antigua 12th, St Kitts 13th, and St Thomas 14th. She brought 145 passengers, among whom were Sir James Foulin from Sydney, Captain and Miss Morgan from Lyttelton, Bishop Viard and Rev. Mr Tresellan from Wellington...

The Times, Thursday, Nov. 26, 1868
The Royal Mail Company's steamship Neva, with the West India, Pacific, New Zealand and Australian mails, arrived at Plymouth 25th. She brings 58 passengers, 93 sacks of mails, specie valued 186,8161L, and 2,084 packages of cargo. Twelve passengers and mails were landed here at Plymouth. The mails were forwarded to London by a special train. Among the passengers are Judge Chapman and lady, from Otago. Her dates are Sydney, Oct. 2, Wellington 8th, Valparaiso 17th, Callao 25th, Colon Nov 5, Jamaica 9th, and St. Thomas 13th.

The Times, Friday, Jun 04, 1869; pg. 6
Southampton, Thursday. The screw steamship Ruahine, Captain J.W.B. Darke, one of the fleet of steamers lately employed in the mail service between Panama and New Zealand, has arrived in this port. She brings home a total of 2139 passengers from Australian and New Zealand ports; 13 boxes of gold weighing 12,946oz, from New Zealand, 800L in specie, 20 packages sundries and also 2,040 bags of coffee from Rio Janeiro. Captain H. B. Benson, late general manager, and Mr A.A. Browne, late superintendent purser, of the panama, New Zealand and Australian Royal Mail Company, have returned to England by the Ruahine. Colonel, Mrs, and Miss Kitchener, from Otago, and Captain Sellars, from Wellington, are also among the passengers. The Ruahine sailed from Sydney on the 22d of March, arrived Wellington on the 28th and left on the 30th, arrived at Rio Janeiro on the 1st May, left on the 8th, arrived at St Vincent (Cape Verds) on the 20th and left on the 22nd. She rounded Cape Horn on the 21st April and could not make the Straits of Magellan in consequence of thick and bad weather. The ship was detained at Rio Janeiro effecting some slight repairs to the engines. ...

By 1870s regular transpacific crossings commenced. Before the Suez Canal opened in 1869 the usual route to New Zealand was around the Cape of Good Hope. The US transcontinental railway was completed about 1865. The Pacific Mail Steamship Company had a monthly service, a subsidised contact for carrying mail, from San Francisco via Honolulu to New Zealand and Australia between 1875-1885. In 1885 the Oceanic Steamship Company obtained the subsidised mail contract. Their ships were the Alameda, and the Mariposa, purchased the Australian and the Zealandia and had an agreement with the Union Steamship Company of New Zealand to supply a ship, the Mararoa. In 1890 the USSNZ Monowai was put on the San Francisco route and in 1897 the Moana replaced her. The Canadian Pacific Railway was completed in the late 1880s.  The Mararoa, a single screw steamship built in1885 at Dumbarton of 2,465 tons made four trips to San Francisco then on Tasman trade. On domestic service from 1900 till June 1927.

The first Aorangi, built in 1882, was chartered from the NZSCo. by the California Line in 1893 then purchased outright. The Miowera crossed the Pacific during her initial sailing from Sydney to San Francisco on May 23 1893. The California Line used the new Aorangi in 1924 until she was withdrawn from service June 1953 and the CA Line abandoned the service. The Aorangi was a used as a troopship during WWII. The transpacific service in 1961 was in the hands of the Matson Navigational Company with the two new sister ships, the Mariposa and Monterrey on the San Francisco - New Zealand  - Australia  passenger service.

The Call of Down Under! 
Be our guest! I invite you to submit Channel Islands surnames and queries by email. Send message to about your ancestors who travelled from the Pacific Coast of North America to New Zealand. The guestbook will become an interesting asset to the website. Hint for the comment box: construct your entry off line, do spell check, then cut and paste. Thanks for visiting.

    wayback2007 Wayback 2015 Ancestry retired the guestbook feature in October 2017

Your USA - NZ connection?
What motivated your ancestors to settle in NZ?
Name of ship. Departure port? NZ arrival port and date?
Have you succeeded in locating the passenger list? How?
Did they go back to the USA for a visit or to stay?

Anne Sandford  April 9 2004
My grandfather and his cousin came to New Zealand supposedly in 1909 on the RMS Makura to Auckland. But it never came here until 1911!! They were Hugh Cecil DUCKETT and Frank DUCKETT of Somerset England. My grandfather had been in British Columbia, Canada for a number of years as a labourer and lumberjack. I understood he left Canada and came here as the SS Makura was a Canadian Mail Ship. I cannot find a record of their entry into Auckland. Hugh's obituary gave us the above information. Family also say once in Taranaki he never left the province. Hugh and Frank worked together at Cardiff inland from Stratford Taranaki and both married local girls, had families, and died here. Hugh at Kaponga in 1962 and Frank at Inglewood in 1954. 

R.M.S. Makura

Anne Sandford New Plymouth, New Zealand. Dec. 3 2002
Grandaughter to H.C.Duckett
My grandfather Hugh Cecil DUCKETT was said to have come to New Zealand in 1909 on the ship the 'MAKURA'. Family sources say they had a pack of cards in the house for many years with the name "The Allan Line" on the back. Whether this has a connection or not I have no idea, possibly not. Obituary in the newspaper on his death 25 June 1962 also states he came on the 'MAKURA' to Auckland, New Zealand.  Family say once here, he had never left this province of Taranaki, in his whole life.  He worked in Lumber Camps in British Columbia for about 3 years returning to England, then returned to BC for another 2 years.  Then he came to New Zealand.  We understand he came with a distant cousin Frank DUCKETT.  These men were born in Wedmore, Somerset, England and went to Canada to follow the gold and make their fortunes. 

Otago Witness 30 September 1865

Inwards: Sept. 26 - Prospector, 255 tons, Duncan, master, from San Francisco, with flour. Service, Gibson and CO., agents.

The Southern Cross Monday January 22 1866 pg4

Entered Inwards Port of Auckland
Jan. 20 - Constance, 350 tons, Elliot, from San Francisco, with 8320 sacks wheat, 50 ditto 620 sacks oats, ditto beans, 10 cases orange bitters, 40 ditto Stoughton's bitters, 27 ditto eye-opener bitters, Henderson and Macfarlane. Passengers - Mr C. Packes (Parker) and Miss Martin. After a smart run of 45 days. She left San Francisco on the 6th December, and experienced light winds and fine weather throughout the entire passage, making the Three Kings on Friday morning, and having a good wind down the coast, arriving in the harbour at 10 o'clock on Saturday morning.

The Southern Cross Tuesday 1st May 1866

Arrived - Eliza Shairpe, barque, 387 tons, W. Gay, from San Francisco, with 486 tons of oats. 54 days.

Timaru Herald July 31 1867
Another Route to England

Crosbie Ward, writing from Panama to the Lyttelton Times in reference to the mail route from New Zealand to England asks Whether the line to Panama ought not to be superseded by one to San Francisco. There are two facts, one of nature and one of art, which seems to decide in favour of the change. The probable completion within three years of the Atlantic and Pacific Railway, which will connect New York with San Francisco.
The distance from Wellington to San Francisco is 5864 nautical miles or seven hundred miles shorter than to Panama. Tahiti lies exactly in the course, 2,200miles from Wellington, ready to form a most easy coaling place, and a most pleasant half-way halting station. The steamer from Wellington to San Francisco will take but 25 days instead of 27, and only 23 days from or to Auckland. At New York steamers carrying British mails leave almost every day.

Wellington to San Francisco 25 days
San Francisco to New York 5 days
New York to London 12 days
Total 42 days.
Sydney to London 49 days.

Otago Witness Friday 30 August 1867 page 9
Arrival of the English Mails via Panama
(By Electric Telegraph)
The following appeared as a Daily Times Extra, on Wednesday

Wellington, Tuesday
The R.N.Z and A.R.M.Co.'s s.s. Kaikoura, Captain Machin, arrived at Port Nicholson this morning, at 9 a.m. She left Panama on July 25th, at 2.32 p.m. Called at Pitcairn Island and delivered Mail on the 10th August, and sighted Opara on the 13th; since then she had head winds. She sighted land about Castle Point on the 26th, at 3. a.m., Pencarrow Heads at 11.30 p.m. same day, and lay on and off till this morning. Passengers: From London - 
For Wellington - Mr and Miss Duncan, Mr, Mrs and Miss Carter
For Napier - Mr Dunnage, Mr Russell
For Nelson- Mr Cross
For Otago - Mr Strelitz
For Auckland -Mr Corllet
For Melbourne - Mr Maurice (2)
For Sydney - Mr McDonald, Mr McAuley
From New York for Melbourne - Mr S. Bates, Mr Solomon
For Wellington - Mr and Mrs Duncham, Mr Pearson
there have been two deaths on board - Mr P. Henderson, a second-class passenger, from London, found dead in his cabin; and one seaman.

Latest dates from London, via Southampton, July 3rd: via New York, July 12th.
Mr and Mrs F.A. Weld arrived off Deal, in the Mermaid, on the 26th June.

Dec. 1867

Otago Witness Saturday 10th December 1870 page 1

The New Mail Service.
Mr Collie's Steamers. The Postmaster General explains that we must accept Line No. 2 - that is, a line which connects with Sydney, for which we are to pay �60,000 a year. The title they have chosen for their service - - 'the United States, New Zealand and Australian Line' 

Otago Witness Saturday 28 Jan. 1871

Auckland. Jan.11 Mr Vogel, with his family, were passengers, per City of Melbourne, for San Francisco, on Saturday. He only arrived on the pervious Thursday and was much hurried. In the same vessel with Mr Vogel went Mr H H Hall to arrange for a mail line between San Francisco and Sydney, calling at the Fiji Islands. Mr Hall promised support by the Governments of Victoria, N.S.W., and Queensland, and is to have the City of Melbourne, City of Adelaide, and Wonga Wonga from the A.S.N. Company to carry out the contract. Captain Troughton, manger of the Australian Navigation Company is also in Auckland on business connected with the traffic of the company's steamers to Auckland.

The Wonga Wonga (1854 - scrapped 1880), 1,002 tons, single screw, 242 feet long, 27 feet wide, was built in Glasgow, Scotland. California, NZ, Australia Mail SSCo.

Otago Witness, 8 July 1871, Page 12

July 7 � Nevada, U. S. p.s, 2144 tons, Blethen, for Honolulu, via Northern Ports. Driver, Stewart, and Co, agents. Passengers �
For Northern Ports : His Honour Mr Justice Chapman, Miss Barraud, Mr and Mrs J. B. Steele, Messrs James Adam. Charles Bray, Alfred Jackson, and 2 in the steerage.
For Honolulu :Mr Walter Paterson, and 9 in the steerage.
For San Francisco: The Right Rev. the Bishop of Dunedin and Mrs Nevill, and 9 in the steerage.

Otago Witness Saturday 17 February 1872

Port Chalmers Arrived
Nevada, U.S. p.s., 2143 tons, Blethen, from Honolulu, 21st January, via Auckland and East Coast ports. Passengers:
Mrs Coombes
Mr J.T. Taylor
Mr Cobb
Mr J. Gilmer
Mr Rule
Mr Holdright

The United States mail steamer Nevada, the pioneer of the fleet, has visited our Port - this time with less ostentation than on her first visit to our shores. On her arrival at noon on Wednesday, she was literally besieged by labourers and workmen of all classes, in order to give her prompt despatch. The barque Eleanor and the brigantine Stranger were shortly afterwards placed alongside with a supply of coal, and work at once begun. The mails being in readiness were quickly placed on board the Harbour Company's steamer Peninsula, and brought to Dunedin. The Nevada left Honolulu on the 21st ult; called at the Island of Anne on the 30th and remained there for 2 hours. On the 1st instant she met the Nebraska, bound for Honolulu and exchanged papers. Arrived at Auckland on the 7th with 30 passengers, 545 pks freight and 270 bags of mails. Left Auckland on the 9th, landed mails at Napier on the 10th, and reached Wellington on the 11th; left there at 8 a.m. on the12th and arrived at Lyttelton at 3 a.m. on the 13th; took in a large quantity of wool for America, and sailed at 11 a.m. for Dunedin. Since her last visit to this port she appears to be none the worse for the buffeting she has had, and comes into harbour clean and tidy. Captain Blethen, who is accompanied by his old chief officer and second mate, is still in command, and the veteran barber is still at his post.

Otago Witness Saturday 16 March 1872 pg12

Arrived March 9
Nebraska, U.S. mail streamer, 2144 tons, Harding, from Honolulu, 17th ult. Driver, Stewart and Co., agents.
Mr Davidson
Mr Heape
Mr Miller
Mr and Mrs Poole
Constable and prisoner - Kee Chang.

March 16th pg14
Kee Chang, whose Southland fame has preceded him, was brought up at the Mayor's Court on Saturday, and remanded pending the sailing of a steamer for Invercargill. He dresses in the European style but wears a pigtail twisted round his head and has a bland smiling expression of countenance. He was brought to Dunedin in charge of one of the Newcastle police.

Otago Witness March 16 1872 pg4
The San Francisco Service

Otago Witness Saturday 23 March 1872 g 12
March 15 - Nebraska, p.s., 2244 tons, Harding, for Honolulu. Driver, Stewart, and Co., agents.

Hon. F.D. Bell
Mr H. Driver
Mr B.H. Reinecker
Mr Strachey
Mr McKersie
Dr Young
Mr and Mrs Ehrmann
Mr and Mrs Chapman
Mr W.L. Simpson
Mr and Mrs Nichols
Mr Hamon
Mr Paton
Mr Jack
Mr A. McDonald
Mr Roskruge
Mr Ballantyne
and six in steerage

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, Nelson Daily Examiner, 22 May 1872
Auckland, May 22, 5.30 p.m. The Nebraska arrived at 4.30 p.m. from San Francisco. She left there on the 27th April, in the evening, and Honolulu on the 6th May. She has fifty tons freight for Auckland ; 25 for the South; and 100 tons for Australia. Passengers :
For Wellington � Mr. Higginson
Port Chalmers � Mr. Gilbert, James Garrar  [Garran]
Messrs. Kaye and Reves in charge of the mails, consisting of 426 bags, being both mails for New Zealand, and 26 bags for Australia.

Otago Witness June 1 1872
Arrived - May 27 - Nebraska, U.S. mail steamer, 2134 tons, Harding, from San Francisco 27th ult., via Honolulu and Northern Ports. 31 days. Reached Auckland on the 22nd. Called at Napier, Wellington and Lyttelton. Mr Laine. her purser, kindly handed us our files of American and other papers on arrival.

Blackwell 	Mr
Burke 		Coleman
Gerrard 	J
Pepperell 	Robert
Turnbull 	George
Wilson 		Mr

Otago Witness June 8 1872
Departure June 7 - Nebraska, p.s. for San Francisco via Northern Ports and Honolulu. Passengers-
For Northern Ports -

Bell 		Mr G.M.
Moran 		Bishop
Hill 		Mr Henry
Moorehouse 	Mr S
Poynter 	Miss
Sidey 		Mr John
Tairaroa 	Mr Hore Kire_
Robertson 	Mr M
Webster 	Mr George

For San Francisco 
Blacklock 	Mr and Mrs
Ellis 		Mr
Sise 		Mr and Mrs and 4 children

For United Kingdom
Begg 		Mr F.F.
Ewing 		Mr A.R.
Gilkeson 	Mr William
6 second cabin and 10 steerage

Otago Witness July 6 1872

Arrived - June 30 - Nevada, U.S.P.S., 2143 tons, from Honolulu, 3rd June, via Auckland and East Coast ports. Passengers: Mrs Nicols and family (4), Messrs Barker, Snook, Gressner, and Smith.

July 4 - Nevada, U.S. P.s. mail steamer, Blethan, for Honolulu, via east Coast ports.
For Lyttelton - Messrs Waxman and Webster
for Wellington - Mr and Mrs F.D. Bell, Miss Bell, Messrs Turnbull, and Spreat.
For Napier - Mr Smale
For Auckland - Mr and Mrs Lawther, Mrs Rich, Miss Rich and 4 children, Messrs Syutton, Jobberns and Yeoland.
For San Francisco - Messrs Mailler, Darling and Miss Andrews and 8 in the steerage for all ports.
Mr Nancarrow, Government Inspector of steamers, inspected the p.s. Nevada with special reference to a flaw in her journal of the main shaft. Report in Local News page 11.

Otago Witness August 31 1872

Auckland August, 23.
The Nevada arrived this morning. No sickness on board. Her passage occupied 16 days nine hours. She was retained for nine days at Honolulu, owing to a breakdown in her machinery. She brings 35 passengers and 60 tons of cargo. The Nevada remains in quarantine until the expiration of the extreme period required, since she left Honolulu, for the development of small-pox. She brings the following passengers for Dunedin:
Messrs T. Inglis
P. McKellar
N. Kelly.

Otago Witness September 28 1872

Sept. 26 Nebraska, US mail steamer, Harding for Honolulu via Northern and East Coast ports.
For San Francisco-
Signor Vinccnzo Piaggi, Mr Hedley, Phoebe Hedley, Sarah Hedley, Messrs George Hilton, Albert Sasche, Thomas Clark, Charles Winsor, Thomas Downey, Miss Harriet Douglas.
For Lyttelton - Mr L. Hayman
for Wellington - Messrs Joseph Snow, Armstrong, James Bull.
For Napier - Mr P. Barker
For Auckland - Messrs Archibald Montgomery, T. Martin, E. Berrill, William Watling, Robert Ayrers, Frederick Ayers, William Ayers.

Otago Witness October 26 1872

Arrived - Oct. 22 - Nevada, mail steamer, 2144 tons, Blethan, from Honolulu, 26th ult, via Auckland and East Coast Ports. Passengers: Mrs Maitland and 2 children, Mrs Bradshaw and servant, Hon. Dr. Mrs and Miss Buchanan, Hon. Captain Fraser, M.L.C., W.H. Calder, M.H.R., Messrs J. Simpson, Johnston, Shield, Hardy, Garwood, Inhiman, Mr and Mrs Richards, Mrs Burly, Messrs J. McDonald, Hoani Wetere Korako and one other Mario, and Master Macandrew.

Otago Witness November 2 1872

Departure Oct. 26 - Nevada, U.S. mail steamer, 2144 tons, Blethen, for San Francisco via Northern ports and Honolulu.

Otago Witness 16 Nov. 1872

Auckland, Nov. 7
The Dacotah is expected to make the passage from California in 22 days arriving here on November 28th. She will bring a large number of passengers including Chiaini's Italian Circus, consisting of 50 performers and 50 trained horses.

Otago Witness  Nov. 23 1872. Saturday

Port Chalmers Arrivals.
Nov. 16 - Nebraska, from Honolulu 23 via Auckland and Eastern ports. Passengers:
Mr Barker
Mr A. Drake
Mr Driver
Mr Ellison
Captain Falconer
Miss Hawdon
Mr and Mrs Humphreys
Mrs Finney and child
Mr Forsyth
Mrs James
Mr Ingells
Mr and Mrs Kenning
Mr Miller
Mrs Mclaren
Mr J. McDonald
Mr and Mrs McIntyre
Mr Palmin
Mr Prince
Hon. W.R. Reynolds
Mr and Mrs Sise
Mr Smith
Mrs Taylor
Mr Thompson
Mr and Mrs Van Blacom
Mr Williams
and three in steerage

On Tuesday last, the U.S. mail steamer Nebraska fired a salute, at noon, in honour of the re-election of General grant as president of eth United Sates. The Nebraska was dressed out with bunting, and the British ship Peter Denny was likewise dressed out. The other vessels in Port showed no extra flags. After the Nebraska's salute the Union Jack was hoisted on the Government flagstaff and the American ensign on the harbour officee staff. Simultaneously with this a salute of 19 guns was firs by the Naval Brigade, under command of Captain Robertson, as a compliment to our American cousins, in their congratulations.

Nov. 23 1872. pg 12
Port Chalmers Departure.
Nov. 21 - Nebraska, Harding, for San Francisco via Northern Ports and Honolulu. Passengers:
for San Francisco - Mrs Allan Cameron and six children, Mr Walsh
For Wellington: Hon. W.H. Reynolds, Bishop Moran, Mr Batkin.
For Auckland - Mr and Mrs Buckland and child
For Lyttelton - Mr and Mrs Von Blancom and Mr Palmer.

Daily Southern Cross, 19 December 1872, Page 2
ARRIVALS. Nevada, p.s., 2,143 tons, Blethen, from Honolulu. Passengers : W. Philcox, J. Murdock, Geo. Winter. J. D. Brown, D. Myers, J. Paris, Mrs. Trimbull and 5 children, Mrs. F. M. Phelps and daughter, Joseph Rayner, and 10 steerage for Auckland; and 33 for Australia. � Henderson and Macfarlane, agents. The Nevada left Honolulu on November 25th at 4 p.m. December 7th, passed Navigator Islands. Since then have had strong winds and heavy beam seas. Arrived at Auckland December 18th at 3.30 p.m. At 3.30 a.m., December 6th, exchanged signals with the steamer 'Nebraska.' We are indebted to Mr. J. V. Lavery, the purser, for the prompt delivery of our files and for other favours.

Otago Witness Saturday 21 December 1872 pg 11
Auckland, December 18th
The Nevada has arrived from Honolulu, where she was detained, awaiting the arrival of the connecting steamer. She left Honolulu on the 25th November and spoke the Nebraska on the passage. Passenger list:
Mr Joseph Rayburn  [see pg 16 col. a. who is well known upon the Dunedin stage]
Mr W. Philox
Mr Murdoch
Mr George Winter
Mr D. Meyer
Mr J.D. Brower
Mr B. Kessing and daughter
Mr J. Paris
Mr H. Mildred
Mrs Fairburn
Miss Turnbull, Mrs Turnbull and 5 children
Mrs F.M. Philps and daughter
10 in the steerage and 33 for Australia.
The Circus Company are not on board her.
Cargo list: 20000 quarter-sacks of flour, 6000 kegs sugar, 69 bags pea-nuts and 1298 packages for Australia.

Otago Witness December 28 1872 page 3
The Timaru Herald declares that the San Francisco service is " the worst managed mail service in creation."

The Star 2 January 1873

Auckland, Jan 1
The Dakotah has arrived, having left San Francisco on Dec. 6; Honolulu, Dec. 15.
Circus troupe and 29 for Australia.
For Lyttelton - Messrs Lewis, Gould, J. Anderson and Miss Hastings.
For Dunedin - Mr Blair
For Wellington - Mr Broomhead.

Otago Witness January 11 1873 pg 10

Auckland, January 1
The p.s. Dakota arrived today via San Francisco, Dec. 6th, and Honolulu Dec. 15th. Passengers:
For Lyttelton:
Circus Troupe (45)
Mr John Anderson
Miss Hastings
For Dunedin: Mrs Blair
For Wellington: Mr J.R. Broomhead
besides 29 for Australia

Page 14 January 2nd. The Dakota sails for the South tonight, among her passengers being Mrs Blair and Mrs Fenn for Dunedin. Her passengers from San Francisco are highly pleased with their vessel and the voyage.

Otago Witness January 11 1873 pg16

The crawling performances of the Nevada. At last one of the San Francisco steamers, the Dakota, has performed the passage from California to New Zealand within the contract time. Not much to boast about in one steamer performing the voyage within contract time during the space of eighteen months. We shall therefore refrain from rejoicing...

"About once a month a trip is made to Ruapuke, and the return of the boat causes as much excitement as the arrival of the San Francisco mail at Auckland"

Otago Witness January 18 1873 pg12

Arrived. Jan. 11 - Dakota, U.S. mail Steamer, 2135 tons, via Honolulu, 16th Dec. and Northern Ports.
Passengers: Colonel and Mrs Parnell, Mrs Howden and servant, Mr and Mrs Buckingham, Mr and Mrs Short, Mr and mrs Felix, Miss Moody, Messrs J.A. Paterson, C.D. Smith, W.S. Blair, E.A. Elworth, J. Newman, Cross, W. Green, G. Wellsman, W. McMaster, Ryley, Prosser, Inglis and three in the steerage; three saloon and eight steerage for Melbourne.

Otago Witness January 18 1873 pg12
Departure Jan. 16 - Dakota, for San Fran�ois via Northern Ports. and Honolulu. Passengers - Hon, Mr Caset, Messrs McIntyre, Rankin (3), Matthews, Johns, Morris, Cook, Blackadder, Turnbull, Mier (2), Jack, Harvey (2), Sturtz, Sullivan, Gregory, Olsworth, Shields, Fisher and 8 in the steerage.

Otago Witness February 1 1873 pg 4

Hurrah for the San Francisco steamer! Only six days late! No wonder the Government journals brag of it. Talking about steamers, and the class of vessels that are sometimes allowed to run, reminds me of an anecdote told of a Yankee steamboat captain whose opinion was asked as to a certain river-boat that a friend had some idea of buying - "Wall," said he, "I reckon she may do for passengers, but I wouldn't trust treasure in her."

Otago Witness February 15 1873 pg 12

Arrival - Feb. 9 - Nebraska,  2143 tons, Harding, from San Francisco Jan. 9th, via Honolulu 18th, Auckland and East coast ports. Passengers:
Hon. J. Bathgate
Rev. Mr Habens and Mrs Habens
Mr E. Graham
Mr McKay
Mr Hathews
Mr Rae
and 1 in steerage

Departure Feb. 13 - Nebraska, Harding, for San Francisco and Honolulu. Passengers for San Francisco -
Mrs Booking
Mrs Cox and four children
Mr and Mrs Dowling and child
Mrs Fletcher and child
Dr Miller
Mr T. Williams

For New York -
Mr T.L. Burrows
For Lyttelton: Messrs Graham, Ringwood, Lumsden, Sinclair, Duncan
For Wellington - Hon. J. Bathgate, Mr and Mrs Booth, Miss Colville, Miss Lamb, Mr Hoskins, Mr Campbell
For Napier - Mrs Douglas, Mr Morrison
For Auckland - Mr Fincher, Mr Hepburn

Otago Witness March 15 1873 pg 12

Arrivals - March 10 - Dakotah, U.S. p.s. mail steamer, Ingersoll, from Honolulu 15th ult., via Auckland, 5th inst., Napier 7th, Wellington 8th, and Lyttelton 9th inst. with European and American miles. Her mails were brought up to Dunedin by the 1.30 p.m. train. Left Honolulu with 198 bags of English mails for NZ and 28 bags for Australia and 28 tons freight from San Francisco and 283 tons from Honolulu and 19 passengers from San Francisco and 2 from Honolulu. At the latter place she connected with the steamer Moses Taylor for California on the 18th. She was brought up to the railway Pier by Mr Pilot Kelly. Mr C.J. Robertson is her purser. Passengers: Mrs Blackadder, Miss Millan, Mrs McGuce and son, Mr and Mrs Seaby and child, Miss McKay, Messrs Sidey, Blythe,Carney, Tuckfield, Perry, Bridge, Atkinson, C.C. Bowen, H.P. Barbour, G. Clarkson, W. Holden, L. Shepherd, and M. Dagg. For Melbourne � Mr and Mrs J. Brown, Messrs Charles Cobbath, C. L. Horth, George McCormick, and D. McGlashan

Otago Witness March 15 1873 pg 12

Dakota, U.S. mail steamer, 2143 tons Ingersoll, for San Francisco via Northern Ports and Honolulu. Passengers:
For Lyttelton - Mrs Solomon, Mr and Mrs Seeby and child, Mr and Mrs Westenar and 2 children, Miss Coll, Capt. Gordon McKinnon, Mr and Mrs H. Henty, Mr Isaacs, Mr Spence.
For Napier - Mr and Mrs Johnston, Mrs Jamieson, Miss Anthony, Mr J. Copeland, E. Barker, F.D. Rich, R. Garratt, R. Millar, Thomas Calcutt.
For Auckland - J. Turnbull and 3 children, Mrs Irving, Mr Thomson, Miss Mackay.
For San Francisco - Mr E.B. and Miss E. Cargill, Miss Orbell, Mr and Mrs James Dixon and 7 children, Mr and Mrs McGregor and 2 children, Messrs J.S. Holmes, Wm Walker, Rodgers, Thomson, Works, P. Inglis, Archibald McAlister; 2 steerage for coast and 15 for San Francisco.

Otago Witness April 19 1873

Departed - April 13 - Nebraska -
Passengers for Liverpool -
Mr and Mrs C.C. Boyes, child and servant
Mr E.H. Bell
Mr J.A. Douglas
Mr J. Macnamara.
For San Francisco - Hon. Dr. Mrs, and Miss Buchanan, Messrs James Davidson, Herbert, A. Rentone.
For Auckland - A.H. Jack, Murdoch
For Wellington - Houghton
For Lyttelton - Miss Roberts, Mr Haywood
4 Europeans in the steerage for all ports, and 69 Chinese for Hong Kong.

Otago Witness, 3 May 1873, Page 11

The Nebraska left on her final voyage with a better list of passengers than for some time past, taking, besides Chinese, nearly 60 for San Francisco. The Sydney and Melbourne passengers would have added 30 to the number, but under the impression there would be no mail boat to Francisco they took the Suez route instead of coming on to Auckland. It is astonishing how little general interest people display hero with reference to the closing of the line. No one seems to care, although Auckland, as a terminus of the steamers, might be expected to feel their loss more acutely than other ports.

The Daily Southern Cross, Monday October 11, 1875

Port of Auckland - Arrivals - October 9
Cyphrenes, R.M.S.S., 1,280 tons, Thomas Wood, from San Francisco, via Honolulu. Passengers: - From San Francisco to Auckland - Saloon:

Balfour 	Hon. A.J. and servant
Duncan 		Misses (2)
Livesay 	Mr C
Lyttelton 	Hon. S.G.
McKellar 	Mr John
Petherbridge 	Captain C.
Thompson 	Mr and Mrs William 
and 18 in steerage

The Cyphrenes left the wharf at San Francisco at 11.20 a.m. Monday, 13th September (Auckland time, 14th September). Cleared the Golden Gate at 12.30 p.m., wind fresh from W.S.W. Passed Farallone islands at 3 p.m. Arrived off Honolulu at 9 p.m. on the 22nd September, 8 days 9 hours from San Francisco; entered Honolulu harbour at 11 p.m.. Left Honolulu at 4.30 p.m. on the 23rd, cleared harbour at 5 p.m. The Equator was crossed on the 29th September, in long. 165 W; On the 2nd October passed Upolu (Navigator's islands), put a gentleman passenger (bound there) on board a cutter called the Mary, flying the British flag. On the 4th October passed Eoa and Tongatabu. The meridian was crossed on Thursday 7th October, in latitude 28 S. Sighted the great Barrier Reef on the 8th October. Sighted Tiritiri at midnight and entered the harbour at 7 a.m. on the 9th being 24 days and 18 hours from San Francisco, and 15 days 14 hours from Honolulu. Mr H. Adams, purser. the Cyphrenes left again for Sydney early yesterday with passengers (listed) from SanFrancisco plus 30 in steerage and 7 plus 9 in steerage for Melbourne and from Auckland:

Marks Mr E
Oatem Mr J
Short Mr G

Arnold Mr and Mrs and child
Bott Mr G. 
Morrish Mr W.
Riber Mr J.W.
Waterworth Mr and Mrs

The Southern Cross 13 October 1875

The City of Sydney will be the first boat to leave New York for the colonies to take up the new mail service. She was built by John Roach and Sons, Chester Pa. She is of the very best iron and her length on the 12ft. water-line is 330ft; overall 352ft; beam 40ft; depth from the base line to the spar deck, 30ft. 5 in; depth of hold from the top floors to the main deck, 21ft. Her capacity is 3,500 tons Government measurement. She will be barque-rigged, and will spread 17,000 square feet of canvas. She is fitted with, and will carry, 10 metallic life-boats and 10 life-rafts, they will be capable (in fact, are certified) to carry 500 people. The machinery consists of two compound engines, and separate pumping engines. the high-pressure cylinder is 51in in diameter, with a 5ft stroke; the low-pressure cylinder measures 38in. with the same stroke as the high-pressure. the boilers are 6 in number 13ft in diameter, by 10ft. 6 in long, with 3 furnaces in each. The maximum performance of the engine will be 65 to 70 revolutions, with a guaranteed speed in good weather of 15 to 16 knots per hour. The aggregate power of the pumps to free the ship is 100,000 gallons, or 357 tons, per minute. In addition to the bilge apparatus there are 3 No. 8 patent donkey pumps, 2 of which are especially devoted to extinguishing fire, with 15 different line of hose. the propeller is of the Hirsch patent, and is 20ft in diameter, with a plunge of 25ft. The shaft is 133ft long, 17 in. in diameter, and is of wrought iron. The hull has been built under the special survey of the Bucea Verlas. There are 7 bulkheads, which divide the ship into 8 water-tight compartments. The forecastle is of iron and extends 50ft aft. The hurricane deck is of wood, forward of the machinery and boilers. The berthing accomodation on this deck is for 40 passengers. in the main saloon for the first-class passengers, there is a splendid piano, library, and excellent paintings. The accommodation for the passengers is the extent of 107, making a total of 1147; this is exclusive of a ladies' cabin, and a ladies' boudoir, capable of berthing 80 ladies.

Timaru Herald Friday Nov. 5 1875 page 3 

Auckland, Thursday Morning.
Arrived, City of Melbourne, with the English and American mails from San Francisco, making the passage in 22 days 18 hours, or three days under contract time. The R.M.S. Vasco de Gama, the new line steamer, left San Francisco for Auckland and Sydney two days before the City of Melbourne, which overtook her in Honolulu. Thomas Henderson, of Auckland, is a passenger by the Vasco de Gama. Passengers for Auckland - Messrs Mullins, B. Tonks, Horsby, Rattray, Stevenson (mail agent), and 24 steerage, besides 21 saloon and 45 steerage for Sydney. The Vasco de Gama left Honolulu seven hours before the City of Melbourne. She has a large cargo and 70 passengers, and is expected to arrive hourly. She brings a box of salmon ova for Napier.

Timaru Herald Wednesday 10th Nov. 1875 page 3

The Vasco de Gama recalls the memory of one but for whom the progress of navigation might have been retarded indefinitely; Dom Vasco da Gama, as his Portuguese biographers call him, an intrepid navigator from his early youth, is best known as the discoverer of the maritime route from Europe to India. A project was planned for ascertaining whether it was possible to reach India by a Southern passage, and Vasco da Gama was chosen by King Manoel to make the attempt. His fleet of four vessels took nearly five moths in reaching the port which we call Table Bay. He made his way to Calicut in India, just ten months after his departure from Lisbon. Da Gama died in 1525. 

Timaru Herald Friday 26 November 1875 page 4

The San Francisco Service
The Pacific Mail Company will despatch the steamship Vasco de Gama to Sydney, via Honolulu and Auckland, for each of which ports she will take passengers and freight. Service to commence from Sydney on the 19th Nov., the date the contact begins. It will continue for eight years, with an annual subsidy of 440,950 dol. for thirteen trips, leaving each terminus every twenty-eight days. The new boats of the company, of which there will be five, are not ready for service, which necessitates the temporary employment of the other three vessels - the Vasco de Gama, Colima, and the Mikado - which will bring mails, leaving Sydney Nov. 19, Dec. 19 and January 14. Three new boats are being built at Chester, Pennsylvania. They are iron-plated screw steamers of about 3000 tons burthen, resemble each other in size and equipment, fitted with compound engines. Accommodations for 180 saloon passengers, 34 second class and 120 steerage. The first of these vessels, the City of San Francisco, sailed from New York for this port Sept. 20th; the second, the City of New York, to sail for this port Oct. 15th; and the third the City of Sydney, leaves New York on Nov. 10th. 
    Besides these three American ships, there are two British iron screw steamships, the Zealandia and the Nova Cambria, built expressly for this service by Messrs John Elder and Co., the famous Clyde ship builders, who constantly employ over 7000 workman. These vessels register 3130 tons, British measurement (about 4000 tons American), are 375 ft in length, 38ft 6" beam, and 28ft 9" depth hold. Each is fitted with one of the new style three cylinder compound engines, the high pressure cylinder having a diameter of 45", with 5ft stroke, and two low pressure cylinders having a diameter of 62", and 5ft stroke. A sea speed of fourteen knots is guaranteed by the builders. Passenger accommodation is on the same scale as in the American ships. The dining saloon -60ft by 38, with 16 side ports and a dome 26 feet in diameter. The Zealandia will leave London, Dec. 16th for Sydney, to be followed by the Nova Cambria a month later. Waddell

The price of passage through from San Francisco to Sydney or to Port Chalmers in NZ, a distance over 7000 miles, will be 200 dols. or �40 - the cheapest rate on any ocean route in the world. Passengers will be allowed two stoppages - one at the Fijis, and again at Honolulu; and can, if they choose, remain over a month at each point. The route taken by these steamers on leaving San Francisco will by via Honolulu and Kandavu, in the Fiji Group. From Kandavu, the service will fork - the mails, passengers and freight being transferred to a her at Kandavu from the branch boat. It is expected that the London mails will then be regularly delivered in Auckland and the Sydney in forty days, or ten days less than the present average time of the Suez route.

Timaru Herald Tuesday 4th January 1876 page 3

Auckland, Monday
The City of San Francisco has arrived. She left on Dec. the 10th. She brings 43 cabin and 23 steerage passengers. The mails were sent on per Mikado, which left a day before. She sighted the Mikado at six o'clock yesterday morning astern. She will therefore arrive in the morning. The whole tome occupied from San Francisco was 21 days 21 hours. This was the fastest time on record. 
Sir George Bowon is a passenger for Melbourne. 
The passengers for Auckland are  Mr W.R. Graham, the Hon. Grace, wife and daughter
Messrs Turner, Bramwell, Watson, Hartley
For Wellington: Mrs Lucy Stuart and daughter, Mr Hester and wife
Lyttelton - Anderson (2), Miss Anderson, Mr Joog 
Port Chalmers: Rev. Mr Stabo and wife.
The Mikado's passengers were Captain Fielden and wife, Mr Robert Shikespan, Mrs Harrison and five children; seventeen in steerage.

Evening Post, Wellington. 5 Feb. 1876 pg. 3.Timaru Herald Friday 21 Jan. 1876 page 3

Auckland, Wednesday evening.
The Mikado arrived from Sydney, to take the outward San Francisco mails. She left under contract with the Pacific Mail Company, on the 12th. She is expected to leave Auckland to contract time, but the voyage was protracted by continued easterly winds. For the February service the City of San Francisco will leave Port Chalmers, and either the Zealandia or Granada from Sydney. The Mikado remains in the service till all the other vessels are on the station and probably will then be kept at Sydney as a spare vessel in case of accident. Blondin is a passenger by the Mikado.

Timaru Herald Monday 31st January 1876 page 3 col. b

Auckland, Saturday Evening
The City of San Francisco has arrived. She transhipped mails to the Mikado at Kandavu and waited ninety hours for the arrival of the English mails, but as they had not came on. She proceeds south next Tuesday. The Grenada is expected to come to Auckland direct with the English mails.

Evening Post, Wellington, N.Z. 5 Feb. 1872Evening Post 5 February 1876 page 2

The City of San Francisco, the first of the new mail boats built by the Pacific Mail Company to carry on the Californian mai service, should keave her e tomorrow.  She is a splendid vessel built at Chester (U.S.), by Messrs John Reach and Sons. She is 365 feet long, with a beam of 43 feet and has three decks -viz. main, spar, and hurricane - on the same principal as the Colima. The dinning salon is on the main deck, from the after part of which runs an alley-way with enclosed cabins on either side. There are four large cabins known as bridal chambers. The ship affords accommodation for 150 first-class passengers. The main deck is allotted to cattle and sheep pens, &c. The vessel is propelled by a four-blade screw, driven by compound direct-acting engines of 600 h.p. nominal, which will give a mean speed of 12 knots, on a consumption of 50 tons of fuel per day. There are ten main hydrants on deck. The vessel is rigged as a barque, and allows a large spread of canvas.

Evening Post 7 Feb. 1876 pg 2

Feb. 5 - City of San Francisco, s.s., 3000 tons, Lachlan, from Auckland and Napier. Cabin - Mr and Mrs Deane and family, Messrs Bagley, Shera, Davis and Oram.

That unhappy arrangement made by Sir Julius Vogel, the San Francisco mail contract, has no one to say a word in its favor. Even the Southern Cross, the special and peculiar organ of Vogel, has come down upon it. The arrival of the City of San Francisco without mail, and with only a solitary passenger on board has been too much for the Cross, which remarks:- 'Supposing, as is believed to be likely, the s.s. Grenada comes on here from Kandavu, it simply places the City of San Francisco in the light of a coasting steamer, trading between various ports of New Zealand ports, at an enormous expense to the colony, and without the colony reaping any advantage. It is getting time that the costly coastal service was discontinued,, as sour own steamers are better suited for such a service than a large ocean going steamer, which merely lies out in the stream and does not even come alongside the wharves in the different ports. ... In the emphatic words of Mr J.S. Macfarlane, "When a three thousand ton steamer brings only one passenger, two letters, and a bunch of bananas, it's just damnable for those who will have to pay the piper." What remains to be done is to enforce the penalties against the contractors and bring the abortive arrangement to an end....Surely 45,000 a year was not too much to pay for such a result.

The Star Thursday 10 February 1876

Lyttelton Sailed
Feb. 9 - City of Francisco, s.s., Lachlan for San Francisco, via Northern ports and Kandavu with English Mail. Passengers for San Francisco - Mr Coates.
Steerage: Mrs Morton, Messrs J.M. Martain and O'Wanley.
Original: 16 saloon and 28 steerage.

Timaru Herald Wednesday March 1st 1876

Wellington, Thursday Evening
There is a fresh uncertainty about the Californian mail now three days overdue. The mails were forwarded by the City of San Francisco. It is uncertain whether she has instructions to call at Kandavau where the Granda is waiting to bring the New Zealand mails or whether she will go direct from Honolulu to Sydney. She started four days'  late.

Timaru Herald Thursday 2nd March 1876

San Francisco Mail - This mail arrived at Auckland yesterday morning at 7 a.m. by the steamer City of Melbourne. She left San Francisco at 11 a.m. on the 7th February, (Auckland time) and Honolulu at 4 a.m. on the 16th. making the passage in 22 days 20 hours, including 15 hours' detention at Honolulu. She experienced a heavy westerly gale on the day after leaving San Francisco, which lasted 47 hours. She brings two saloon passengers for Auckland, Mr Sinclair and Dr. Mahaber, and seven for Sydney; 32 in steerage.

Timaru Herald Friday 3 March 1876 page 3�

Auckland, Thursday Evening. The steamer Grenada, with the Southern mail, anchored in the Rangitoto channel last night, owing to the stormy nature of the weather. The City of Melbourne sailed early this morning for Sydney.

Timaru Herald Wednesday 25 March 1876 page col. b

The new mail steamers for the San Francisco route are inaugurating their career most successfully. The Australia, the second of the Pacific Company's fleet which has come this way (per The Argus newspaper, Melbourne), arrived on Saturday morning, having made the quickest run on record from Plymouth to Melbourne via the Cape of Good Hope. The new-comer is in all respects a sister ship to her precursor, the Zealandia. As the Arawata is to the Ringarooma, so is the Australia to the Zealandia, each a counterpart of the other. The Australia has accomplished the voyage in 43 days, 11 hours, and 20 minutes over all, and less detentions and stoppages, in 41 days, 7 hours, and 7 minutes. The Hon Captain Fraser, M.L.C., of New Zealand was a passenger by the Australia.

Timaru Herald Friday 24 March 1876

Fifty Two days on Pitcairn's Island, and on the verge of starvation
The Ennerdale, from Newcastle, N.S.W., commanded by Captain Porter, reached San Francisco, having on board the rescued crew of the Khandeish. The British ship Khandeish, Captain Skelly, left this port on the 124th of last August for Liverpool. All went well on the voyage until September 25th, on which observation showed the vessel to be in latitude 22 deg. 49 sec. and long 130 west. The prevailing wind was steady being east by north, and veering to the northward bringing light showers. At 10. o'clock at night there was a tremendous bump. Three of the boats were quickly manned and supplied with bread and water and a few charts and a chronometer were put into each boat. The entire crew were safely taken in by the three boats. By daylight the ship had fallen over on the port side and was nearly full of water. The boats set sail in company for Pitcairn's Island, where all arrived in safety on the 28th September, after a voyage of three days. On the 18th of November a ship was espied and a boat was speedily manned and sent out to it. When about half a mile from them the ship perceived their signals and lay to them. The vessel proved to be the Ennerdale, Captain Porter, New Zealand and brought the shipwrecked crew to this port yesterday. An American seaman, Peter Butler, preferred to remain on Pitcairn's Island, and was therefore left behind.

The following is from the book book, Pitcairn - Port of Call: March 18, 1876. Ship St. John, David A. Scribner, Master, from San Francisco, bound for Liverpool with a cargo of wheat. Captain Scribner brings the first of the many gifts given by the people of San Francisco as a result of Captain Skelly of the Khandeish telling of the kind treatment given while he and his (shipwrecked) crew were on Pitcairn for 51 days. Included among the gifts is "a beautifully-toned organ, of the Mason and Hamlin Organ Company." 

January 20, 1915. Adran Steamship Company's steel screw steamer Ardanmhor of Glasgow, 4,454 tons, G.A. Cockell, Master, from New York, bound for New Zealand. . . The captain was so impressed with the Islanders and their manner of living that he decided to make the call (at Pitcairn) his next trip a red-letter day. At each port of call he interested his friends regarding the island, telling them of our extreme isolation. When the ship returned there were seven tons of freight on board, including a new organ for the church. . ." 

April 20, 1917. Commonwealth Government Line's steel screw steamer Australplain, from New York, bound for New Zealand. Through the goodness of Colonel George Moran, manager of the U.S. and Australasian Steamship Company, this ship brings an organ, many dresses and suits and other gifts to the Island. . .

Timaru Herald Friday 24 March 1876

San Francisco Mails. The American Postmaster General notified the British Government that after the 1st January 1866, the sum of 33 cents a pound would be charged for the transmission of the British mails through the United States. The Postmaster General of New Zealand visited Washington, and obtained permission from the Government there to send the mails from Great Britain for New Zealand through the United States, landing them in sealed bags at New York, and having them sent by rail to San Francisco, where they were to be reshipped on steamers for their destination. The arrangement devolved no labor or responsibility on the American postal authorities, and to grant the desired permission was only an act of cheap courtesy. Now, however, the American Postmaster General says he must have paid to him 33 cents per pound on all the mail matter thus sent. The demand seems to be wholly unreasonable and vexatious one. It will, if persisted in, amount to an additional tax of 2d on each letter weighing an ounce by this route.

Timaru Herald Monday 27th March 1876 page 3

Government received a telegram that the Mikado left San Francisco with the English mail on the 29th February two days before contract time, and that the City of San Francisco reached San Francisco on the 9th inst. her due date. The mail should be at Auckland to night.

Timaru Herald Wednesday 29th March 1876 page 3
Auckland, March 28
The Colima reached Kandavau on March 21. The Granada arrived at Kandavau on March 18th, after an exceptionally rough passage of four days 18 hours. She encountered a cyclone on the 17th. The mails were transhipped to the Granada. On preparations being made for the Granada to proceed to sea, it was found that the anchors of the two steamers had fouled, and, while attempting to separate them, the port bow of the Granada came into contact with the Colima, which carried away part of the iron port shutter on the main deck. Captain Cavarly requested Captain Stewart, late of the Wonga Wonga, and Captain McFarlene, late of the Taupo, to assist the chief engineer in an examination of the injury. It was desired to replace the shutter, which detained the sailing of the Granada for San Francisco till the morning of the 22nd instant.
    The San Francisco arrived at Kandavau on the 24th January, and sailed for Honolulu the same day at noon. Reached Honolulu on February 4th; left the same day and arrived at San Francisco at 8 a.m. on February 18th. The mails were landed and forwarded the same morning.
    The City of New York arrived at San Francisco on February 19th, and the City of Sydney 15th March. The City of New York is to take the May mail for New Zealand. It has not been settled what mail the City of Sydney will take.Southern Cross, an Auckland newspaper,  April 8 1876 page 1

Timaru Herald March 30th 1876

Sydney, March 29. Arrived - Mikado.

The Southern Cross Saturday 8th April 1876 page 2

Arrival of the Colima with the English Mail
The P.M. Co.'s s.s. Colima arrived in port on Tuesday morning, March 28. She revived the English and American mails from the Mikado at Kandavu, and brings eight steerage passengers for Auckland, two saloon for Wellington and one for Dunedin. The Mikado made the run from San Francisco to Kandavu in 19 days, inclusive of stoppages, and making from Honolulu to Fiji an average speed of 12 knots. In proceeding down the coast she lost her propeller, and had to be towed into Lyttelton where a new one will be shipped.

page 3. The magnificent steamship Granada, 2,772 tons, Captain J.M. Cavarley, arrived in harbour on Sunday night, March 12. She experienced fine weather throughout the whole of the passage. She left again on Monday afternoon for San Francisco with the English mail and a large number of passengers.

The Southern Cross, Wednesday 26 April 1876

The breakdown of the Colima and the cost of repairs will run into a little fortune. To begin with, it will cost about �500 to tow her from Lyttelton to Port Chalmers, where she is to be docked. The mishap and its consequences will cost at least �2,000.

Zealanida for San Francisco 12 April 1876

City of San Francisco voyage 1876 under Capt. Wadell.

The PMSS Australian route offered little cargo, and consequently PMSS shifted the City of San Francisco to the route between Panama and San Francisco. On 16 May 1877 the City of San Francisco was wrecked on Tartar Shoal, near Acapulco, Mexico, but without any loss of life. When PMSS abandoned the Australia service in 1885, it transferred the City of Sydney and the City of New York to its other routes. The former continued in service until it was laid up in 1910, but on 26 October 1893 the latter ran into the rocks of Point Bonita right inside San Francisco Bay. The captain did not want to delay his sail. Citation: Tacoma Public Library 

The Star 12 Sept. 1876

The City of Sydney has arrived in Auckland on the 11th with the San Francisco mail. Passengers: Messrs Henry, Watson, Hamilton, Holmes, and Grigg, Kirke, and wife, Goodtree.

Timaru Herald, 17 July 1876 pg 3

Auckland, July 15
From San Francisco via Kandavau(11th).  Passengers by the City of New York for Napier - Mr E.A. Meintzhagen; Wellington - Mr Sterke and wife; Lyttelton - Messrs Davis, Gilbert and Beddoes.

Evening Post, 17 November 1876, Page 2 Port of Wellington

Arrivals. November 17� City of New York, ss, 3020 tons Cavarly, from the South. Passengers : Cabin� Mrs Hoskins, Messrs Mills and Button.
Departure: November 17 � City of New York, ss, 3009 tons, Cavarly, for Kandavau, via Auckland, and Napier. Passengers : Cabin � For Napier Messrs Shields, Davis, Wellwood, Luke, Graham, and Proctor. For Auckland � Mr and Mrs Lingard, Mr and Mrs Rede, Messrs Worth, Prichard, Morrow, Roberts. For San Francisco � Mr and Mrs Levin, Mrs and Miss Smart.

The Star 1 Jan. 1877

The Australia landed passengers and mails. for Napier - Mr G.N. Wilson; for Wellington 10 in steerage; for Lyttelton, Mr, Mrs, and Miss Wood, Mr W. and Mr H. Wood and one in steerage. For Port Chalmers, Mrs Anderson and five in steerage. The Australia leaves for Sydney.

Evening Post, Wellington Monday 29th January 1877

Arrival of the San Francisco Mail
Auckland, 28th January
The City of New York arrived at noon. She left San Francisco on the 5th. Two cases of measles occurred; New Zealand passengers - Messrs Sinclair, Maurell, Low, with wife, two children, and two servants; eighteen steerage. For Australia - 30.

Nelson Evening Mail Saturday 8th September 1877

The City of New York with the San Francisco mail arrived at Auckland yesterday. Arrived at Honolulu on the 17th July, and left again the next day, and arrived at San Francisco on the 26th. The run from Auckland to San Francisco was done in 21 days and 12 hours. Left 'Frisco with the English mails on August 15th and arrived at Honolulu on the 23rd and sailed the same day for Auckland. passengers - Rev. Charles Clarke and 38 others.

?1878 City of Sydney Left San Francisco on 2nd Sept.
Arrived at Port Jackson on 29th Sept. at 7 .m. Passenger: Charles Chiniquy

The Star Wednesday March 13 1878

Auckland, March 12.
Arrival of the San Francisco Mail
The Australia has arrived with the English and American mails, after a sharp passage of 21 days and 5 hours. Passengers for New Zealand - Messrs Clayton, Haymond, Benjamin, Reichelt, Maquire, Panoramet, Kernsley, and 21 in steerage. The Australia left Auckland on Jan. 8, arrived in Honolulu on Jan. 21; sailed next day and arrived at San Francisco on Jan. 29. Fine weather throughout the passage, which occupied 22 days and 19 hours. Left San Francisco on Feb. 8. arrived at Honolulu on Feb. 26 at noon; sailed at 4.20 p.m. and arrived at Auckland at 5.15 p.m. today. Had a strong westerly gale for three days after leaving Honolulu. Then fine weather and strong favourable winds to Auckland.

Otago Witness January 5 1878 pg5

Auckland, Dec. 28
The City of New York, with English mail. The following passengers are for NZ. Mr Thomas Gardner, Mr and Mrs J. C. Campbell, Mr L and Mrs M. Gothe, Messrs H.M. Baker, F.A. Baker, J.T. Chaplin, H.J. Case, Morris, Lears, C. Bundall, C. G. Hawdon, Stephen, Nassit; and 15 steerage.

The Star Monday 16th Dec. 1878 pg2

Arrived Lyttelton, Dec. 15 - Amelia, American barquentine, 396 tons, C.E. Foye, from Port Townsend, Puget Sound. C.W. Turner, agent. Passenger - Mr Smith. She brings a cargo of timber, and 230 cases of salmon and 29 of honey. The Amelia hails out of San Francisco, is five years old, and is owned by Captain Foye. She is very deep, having a large deck load, but has, however, made a capital run across of 51 days. She left Port Townsend on Oct. 23, crossed the equator on Nov. 20 in 155 W., and sighted Cape Palliser in Dec. 12, arriving in harbour yesterday at 1 p.m., after a fine weather passage.

Otago Witness 22 March 1879 pg 13

Auckland, March 13th
Arrived City of New York, Cobb, commander. Left San Francisco February 19th. The mail was delayed one day crossing the Atlantic. Passengers - 64 cabin and 50 steerage; also 119 Chinese for a sugar plantation at Honolulu.

The Star Wednesday 7 May 1879

Auckland, May 7
The City of Sydney arrived at 6 o'clock this morning, with dates from San Francisco to April 16th. She spoke the City of New York. The New Zealand passengers are Messrs Manson, Lewis, Stevenson and wife, Clark, and 8 in steerage. She brings 195 tons cargo and 314 bags maize.

Otago Witness June 7th 1879 Shipping

Auckland, June 4th. The s.s. Australia arrived at Auckland June 4th. She left  San Francisco on the 12th May. She brings 854 packages cargo to order, and 12 saloon and 8 steerage passengers.
The following are the passengers by the mail steamer from San Francisco:
For Australia -
Miss Craig
Mrs Cargill and family
Mr Cunningham
Mr and Mrs Gore
Mr Hall
Mr, Mrs and Miss Harris
Mr McKee
Rev. Mr Vaughan
Miss Walsh
Messrs Numa, Chadyson, McDonald, Hutton, Lindsay, Moir, Nesbeth, Schumaka, Allen and Boyd.

For New Zealand

Cunningham 	Mr
Duff 		Mr and wife
Holmes 		Mr George
Lenar 		Mr H
Menzies 	Miss
Menzies 	Mr Stephen
McQueen 	Captain D.R. 
Stratford 	Mrs S.
Taylor 		Mr, Mrs and Miss
and eight in the steerage.

page 11
The San Francisco mail steamer brought nine men from Honolulu, a portion of the crew of the English barque Crosby, 914 tons, Captain Buchanan, wrecked at Finning Island on the 14th April, where she was bound for a cargo of guano. She left Shanghai on March 15th, and made the island on April 14th. The wind falling light, and the current set her on the reef, making her a complete wreck. She was afterwards sold for 180 dollars. A Naval Court of Inquiry acquitted the officers of blame. The vessel was owned by John Hay and Co., of Liverpool. She was a new iron barque, on her first voyage. She was built at Sutherland in 1878.

Otago Witness Saturday 14 February 1880

Auckland, February 10.
The City of New York arrived from San Francisco (19th) via Honolulu (27 Jan.) today. Her time to Honolulu was six days 21 hours 55 minutes, and from Honolulu 12 days 20 hours and 55 min. She brings 187 tons cargo, 321 mail bags and the following saloon passengers:-
Cherbourg     Captain 
Denebois       Mr
Howden        Mr C G
Moorhouse   Mr
Watson         Mr and Mrs

McLellan Mr and Mrs and six children. 
The cargo includes 161 packages salmon, 30 cases paint, 50 cases canned goods, 50 cases fish, 17 packages hams and bacon, 373 sacks barley, 20 kegs of castings, 24 boxes dried apples.

Otago Witness March 16 1800 page 15

Auckland. March 2.
Arrived: Australia. She left Sydney on the 26th ult. Brings 24 passengers for NZ and 63 in transitu for San Francisco. The mail steamer Australia for San Francisco sailed at 3 p.m. with 96 passengers, amongst whom were Judge Gillies, Mrs Gillies and the Rev. Joseph Berry.

Otago Witness 6 June 1880 page 15

Auckland, June 2. The City of New York arrived. She left San Francisco on the May 10th. She brings the following cargo: 1550 bags of bonedust, 1324 cases canned goods, 104 cases dogfish oil, 404 cases hams and bacon, 504 cases honey, 420 cases salmon and a large quantity of general merchandise. Passengers for Auckland - Cabin:

Browne 		Mr and Mrs Edwin
Evans 		Mr J.A.
Milford 	Hon. C. and son
Montgomery 	Mr H.B.
Neworth 	Mr A.D.
Robertson 	Mr and Mrs
Thurso 		Miss M
Till 		Mr W.S.
Williamson 	Mr HC
Carmichael Mr P
Devine Mr M.
Hewitt Mr and Mrs and three children
Smith Mr and Mrs
Passengers for Sydney: ...

Otago Witness Saturday September 4 1880 page 15

The Mail Steamers. Auckland 26th
The Australia arrived at 9.30 today. She left San Francisco on the 2nd August, and Honolulu on the 10th. She had light winds to the 18th. Passengers for New Zealand.

Boyes 		Mr
Burston 	Mr
Davies 		Mr S
Firth 		Mr W
Forester 	Mr and wife
McLean 		Mr and wife
Nesbitt 	Mr
Nelson 		Mrs
Pickles 	Mr
Smith 		Mrs
and five in steerage.
Herr Bandmann, the actor, is a passenger for Sydney.

Otago Witness November 20th 1880 page 15

Auckland, November 14th 1880
Arrived: City of Sydney, from San Francisco. She left on the evening of 23rd November, and arrived at Auckland ay 3.30. She brings 63 cabin passengers and 32 steerage passengers. The Hon. Mr De Voux, the new Governor of Fiji, the Hon. Mr Eden, and Captain Herbert, Mr Alexander, Mr Brogden, Mr and Miss Brogden are on board. Dr Peebles did not arrive. He leaves by the November mail boat. Cole's Circus also arrived, with a troupe of elephants, camels, &c. The steamer leaves tomorrow for Sydney.

Timaru Herald 17 October 1881 pg2

Auckland, Oct. 16
Arrived - City of Sydney. She left San Francisco on Set. 25th and arrived with 13 cabin and 7 steerage passengers for Auckland and 29 cabin and 23 steerage for Sydney. Her New Zealand cargo consists of 162 tons. Amongst her cargo are 1037 bags of fruit, 100 cases onions, 150 barrels sugar, and 712 cases canned goods. On the 13th October she sighted the City of New York. Her times from San Francisco is 20 days 15 minutes.

Passengers for Auckland:
Dunn 		Mr F. and H.
Moore 		Mr
Moore 		Miss and maid
Sanderman 	Mr
Waters 		Mrs and Miss
Webster 	Mr
Wilkins 	Mr and Mrs and child

Barron 		Mr junr.
Barron 		Mr
Bick 		Mr
Dercorana 	Mr
Mitchell 	Mr
Mulcaster 	Mr
Sprey 		Mr

Otago Witness 6th January 1883 pg 11

The firemen of the City of New York, lying at Auckland, struck on Tuesday morning owing to an alleged grievance that the steamer is short-handed, 19 men doing duty for 24. They came ashore, and were arrested, 16 being put in the lookup. The American Consul got additional hands shipped and the recusants were taken out of the lockup by the police and put on board. One refused on the ground that he had been threatened by his officer, and was detained in prison. The steamer was delayed till Tuesday evening, when she sailed for San Francisco.

Otago Witness, Saturday, January 13th 1883 pg13

Auckland, January 9th,
The City of Sydney,  (Captain Dearborne) left San Francisco on December 18th and Honolulu on 26th, arriving at Auckland today at 6.30. a.m.

Beach 		Mr
Bell 		C. and wife
Birch		A.S., wife and infant
Brown 		Mr
Brown 		W.G.
Case		H.J.
Drury 		Mr
Humphrey 	Mr
Humphrey 	Mr
Jones 		Mr
King		A.J.
King 		J.H.
Lawrence 	Mr
Mathies 	L. and wife
McLean 		A
Morris		Dr and wife
Neilson 	Mr
Steele 		Captain A.J.
West 		W.B. 
Cox 		Mr and wife
Davies 		Mr
Graham		Mr
Hannahan 	Mr
Johnston 	Mr
Munn		Mr
Trewar 		Mr
Yates 		H. 
Yates		T, wife and infant

Otago Witness Saturday February 10th 1883 pg 10

Auckland, February 5th,
The Australia, with the English and American mails via San Francisco, left San Francisco on January 16th, Honolulu on the 23rd, and arrived here early this morning. the New Zealand passengers are - Mrs L. Bain, Messrs James Hay, M. Goffe; and four in the steerage.

Otago Witness Saturday 5th May 1883 pg 11

April 30th, Auckland
The City of Sydney arrived at Auckland wharf from San Francisco. He passage was uneventful. Passengers: for Auckland:

Saloon passengers - 
Campbell 	Mr A.M.
Hutton 		Mr
Troutbeck 	Mr

McLallan 	Mr W
Simpson 	Mr John
Singleton 	Mr James

She has 92 tons of freight for Auckland. Of the cargo for Auckland, there are 1000 cases salmon, 273 case canned goods, 224 cases fruit, 25 sacks peanuts, 24 bales broom corns, 71 boxes casings, and 147 packages merchandise. For Sydney 26 saloon and 20 steerage.

Otago Witness Nov. 17 1883 pg 10

Auckland, November 11 1883
The Zealandia, Captain Webb, arrived from San Francisco at 6 a.m.

Passengers for Auckland - 
Black 		Mr J
Eyre 		Mr
Farsia 		Dr
McGregor 	Captain
McGregor 	Miss
McLellan 	Mr
Randall 	Mr and Mrs
Rydana 		Mr and Mrs
Thompson 	Mrs
and 17 in the steerage. 

For Sydney there are 32 in the salon and 38 in the steerage.
Among the passengers for Sydney are Lord and Lady Rosebery, who were received by His Worship the Mayor, and were his guests at his suburban residence (Lower Remuera) during the stay of the steamer. The Zealandia has for Auckland 256 tons of cargo, among which are
191 cases canned goods
1906 cases salmon
1490 cases apples
569 cases onions
90 cases hops
91 bales broom corn
25 flasks quicksilver
The Zealand sails this evening.

Otago Witness 22 December 1883 pg 26

Auckland, Dec. 17
The City of Sydney (Captain Seabury) arrived from San Francisco. Passengers for Auckland:

Banks 		Joseph
Buckland 	Mr F.D.
Cautley 	Major
Grigg 		Mr J
Morrison 	Mrs and two children
Nicholas 	Mr F
Palariet 	Mr R
Rhodes 		Mr A
Studholme 	Mr and Mrs J
Savage 		Mr and Mrs 
Tyrrell 	Mr and Mrs

For Sydney she has 58 passengers amongst whom are General Howell and Lieutenant Chackrell. Among the cargo for Auckland are 1150 cases salmon, 281 cases canned goods, 50 cases hops, 10 half-barrels salmon, 2379 boxes apples, 10 cases broom corn, 4 coop quail.

Timaru Herald 2 June 1884

Auckland, Sunday June 1
The Pacific mail steamer City of Sydney arrived from San Francisco at 4 p.m. She left San Francisco on May 16th, and had fine weather save the last two days, when she experienced a gale. Passengers for Sydney - 38 cabin and 31 steerage. Passengers for Auckland, cabin -
Mrs Haslett and daughter
Miss Duncan
Mrs Dart
Misses Kennedy and C. Lucian and Master Kennedy;
Messrs Friedlander, Hamberg(?er), R. Jackson, Walsh, Anderson, Young, Cruickshank, Newey (?Newby), Gardiner, Rouse, Neil, Dayle, Knox, Aldrich, Metcalfe and Keelan. Among the cargo for Auckland are 974 cases salmon, 216 cases canned goods, 8 bales of broom corn, and 40 cases dried fruits. The steamer has 575 tons freight for Sydney. She sails for Sydney to-night.

The Star June 3rd. 1884 Tuesday
Auckland June 2. The City of Sydney sailed for Sydney at 3 o'clock this morning. The Hawea left Onehunga with the southern San Francisco mails at 2 o'clock this afternoon; passengers - Master Friedlander, Mrs Dudit, Miss Duncan, Messrs Kelan, Young, Edwards, Jones, Pettigrew and children, W. Kennedy and son, A. Orr, Perks (2).

New Plymouth, June 3
Sailed: Hawea, s.s., at 4 a.m. with the San Francisco mail for Wellington. Passengers - Miss Connwall, and Whitton, Messrs Scotland, Skelton, Skelly, Cornwall, Oldham, Holford, Andrew, Mitchell, Pedsham, Dr Sinclair

Timaru Herald Wednesday 4 1884
Auckland June 3
Arrived - Waihora, s.s., from Sydney, Passengers - Messrs Twomey, Cavill, Ross, Patch, Stevens, Hickling, Sanders, Green, Jordan, G. Darce, Owen, Gilbert, Scherff, Whittaker, George, Bisiker, Grice, Smith, George, Bartlett, Cox, M. Dacre, Thomson, Millar, Bracken, Captain McMacarty and Hon. W. Maxwell, Mesdames, Bracken, Darce, Ralph, Cox, Bartlett, Benney, and Twomey, Misses Owen, Ralph, Nelson, and Davis; 22 steerage.

Otago Witness Saturday January 9 1886 page 33

The s.s Alameda of the Oceanic Steamship Company, of this city, will carry the New Zealand and Australian mails this trip for the first time under the new contract. The Alameda has to go through Sydney. She is cleaner and faster than the Zealandia, and is one of the fastest ships on the Pacific. 

Otago Witness Saturday January 16 1886 page 34

Auckland, January 9
The mail steamer Mariposa arrived this morning.  She left San Francisco on December 20, but was delayed by a gale. Sailed from Honolulu on the 27th.  The New Zealand passengers are:

Bridges        	F.W., wife, and child
Coddington     	C.D.
Degener 	L.E.
Luck 		H.H.
Owen 		J
Sears 		H., and wife
Upolu 		W.
and 15 steerage.

She also brings 14 saloon and 8 steerage passengers for Sydney.

The Star 26 June 1886

Auckland, June 26
The R.M.S.S. Mariposa from San Francisco arrived with the English and American mails. Fine weather prevailed. About 10 p.m. on June 24 Mr M.C. Hall was seen on deck, apparently in good health and excellent sprits. At 8 a.m. he was missed. As at the time a heavy westerly gale was blowing, with a heavy sea running, it is presumed he was washed overboard.

Taranaki Herald, 10 March 1887, Page 2

The R.M.S. Mariposa arrived at Auckland on Wednesday at 3.20 p.m., from San Francisco, where she left on February 18th. Experienced fine weather during her passage ; her steaming time being 17 days 22 hours 30 minutes. Passengers:� Mrs. and Miss Leannan, Rev. J. Armand and wife, Mrs. W. A. Foster and son, Rev. B. Bedlen and wife, Messrs. G. P. Brett, R. L. Davies, H. M. Smythe and wife, David Storer and wife, Miss T. Kaupman, Rev. W. V. Lucas and wife, Mr. B. T. Lacey, Rev. G. J. Gore, wife, and two children, Mr. and Mrs. Mackenzie, Messrs. Wm. Scott, A. Markell, David Campbell, Rev. Geo. Brown, Mr. M. A. Evans and wife, Mr J. M. Gough, Mr. Jas. Stone, Rev. W. J. H. Baker and wife. Mr. Jas. E. Wiseman, Rev. J. ' hew and family, Mr. C. T. Reeve, Miss C. J. Rathbone.

Timaru Herald 30 March 1887

Auckland, March 29
Arrived last night Mararoa s.s., from Sydney (left March 24th)
Southern passengers:.
For Gisborne - Reynolds Mr E.A
For Napier - Mr and Messrs J. Drich and F.D. Edwood
For Wellington - Rev. C.E. Butler, Mr and Mrs Kebble and Mr F. Tuckey
For Lyttelton - Messrs W.E. Saddler and N. Mitchon
For Dunedin - Mr J.H. Kilgour

Evening Post Monday 12th September 1887 pg2 By Telegraph

Auckland, 11th September
Arrived Mariposa, RMS, from Sydney, having left on the 7th inst. Passengers - General Howell, Messrs Cameron and Reynolds; 5 steerage.

Evening Post Monday 12th September 1887 pg2 By Telegraph

Auckland, 12th Sept.
Sailed - Mariposa, for San Francisco. Passengers per Mariposa.

Adamson 	Mr
Babbet 		Mr
Birchby 	Mr
Brown 		Rev. Mr
Callen 		Mr
Carews 		Mr and Mrs
Day 		Mr
Handly 		Mr
King 		Mr
McKie 		Mr
Miller 		Mr
Myers 		Mr
Rogers 		Mr
Shiel 		Mr
Stafford 	Mrs A. and family
Walker 		Miss E
Ward 		Mr and Mrs and family
Walters 	Mr
Westwater 	Mr

Timaru Herald Saturday 4 May 1889 pg 2

Mr Mills began a campaign in favour of renewal of the San Francisco mail subsidy. He professes to regard the San Francisco service as of highest commercial importance to the colony. In twelve months the total amount of cargo carried by the San Francisco boats was (inward) 1335 tons, and (outward) 569 tons. In the same period the direct steamers carried (inward) 33,788 tons, and (outward) 38,254 tons. In the course of twelve months the San Francisco steamers carried (inward) 396 passengers, and (outward) 716, or a total of 1112. The direct steamers carried (inward) in the same period 4449 passengers, and (outward) 1864, or a total of 6333 passengers. Amongst the inward passengers were 774 Government immigrants, but without reckoning them, there were 5559 passengers, or 4447 more passengers then were carried by the San Francisco line. A very few well to do immigrants might come that way, and the balance of the passengers by the San Francisco steamers are and always be tourists with a slight sprinkling of commercial agents. New Zealand's wool, wheat and frozen meat, are not borne by the San Francisco steamers. As for wool, the result of the recent Presidential election has practically closed the American market for some years to come. The Zealandia on her last voyage had amongst cargo 12,125 sacks of American wheat (averaging three bushels to the sack) for the Sydney market. What will the New Zealand farmers say to that? NSW is their best wheat customer.

Timaru Herald Friday 9 August 1889 pg2

The comparative value of the San Francisco and direct steam routes is no doubt fairly well shown by the returns of the trade done by the colony though each of them. The American business could all be done in one trip of a good sized steamer. The inward cargo by the direct lines in 1884-8 was 48,900 tons, and outward 43,200. Only 1892 tons of cargo was received from America, and half of that, only 864, sent there. The passenger trade shows an equal preference for the direct lines. These brought in 3658, and took away 1919; the San Francisco boats brought in 197 and took out 507. The direct steamer returns referred to do not include the purely cargo boats; only those of the New Zealand and Shaw Savill ones, carrying passengers and mails.

Otago Witness 19 September 1889  page 42

Auckland, Sept 14.
Arrived: Mariposa, from San Francisco. Passengers for New Zealand - Mrs Gill, Mr and Mrs Edwards, Mrs Berkley, Miss Millie Berkley; Miss Edith Winthrop, Mr and Mrs Pipkin, Mrs Clark, Mr and Mrs Harvey, Rev. Father Wissell, O.B.S., Mr Robert Droome, Mr Andrew Terry, Mr S.J. Asthrup; eight steerage.

Timaru Herald Monday 9 December 1889

Auckland, Dec. 7
The Mariposa with the inward San Francisco mail after a passage of 19 days 10 hours. The passengers for New Zealand are: W.T. Dodds, W.J. Green, B.C. Howes, Rev. Leterier, Weldiing and Ring. Mr Howes comes to take charge of the barque Wakefield at Wellington, Mr Crowell, the former captain, having died.

Otago Witness Thursday March 6 1890 pg 14

Auckland, March 1
The Mariposa arrived this morning with the San Francisco mail. Her passengers are - Messrs Macandrew, Church, Askew and wife, Clarke and wife, Plynn, Waters and wife, Dr Beaker, and 11 steerage.

Otago Witness Thursday April 3 1890 pg 15

Auckland, March 30
The Zealandia has arrived from San Francisco. Passengers for Auckland: are - Mr and Mrs S. Gibbard, Miss C. Miller, Rev. Father John Golden, Rev. W. H. Whitehead, Messrs J. Kirker, E. Shaw, T.A. Cash; 25 for Sydney.

Otago Witness Thursday May 1 1890

Auckland, April 28
The San Francisco mail steamer Alameda anchored shortly after 3 o'clock. The passengers for Mew Zealand are: Mr C.W. Sheridan and wife, Messrs Wilfred Taylor, J.R. Burns, G.S. Cotterill, and 11 in the steerage. The steamer made the passage in the fastest time in record 17 d 22h 45 min. The vessel was detained from the 6th until the 9th owing to the delay in the arrival of the English mails which were shipped on the Atlantic side by the Bothnia. Among the passengers to Sydney by the Alameda was Miss Annie Montague, a well-known prima donna.

Otago Witness 29 May 1890 pg 13

Auckland, May 23
The Mariposa, from San Francisco, arrived at midnight. Passengers for Auckland - Mr and Mrs E.C. Riez, Mrs J. Curtis, Mrs D. Gall, Mr and Mrs H.W. Heath, Mr E.T. White, Mr Frank Barbour, Mr Thomas Mackenzie, M.H.R. for Clutha, Otago; one in the steerage; and 19 in transit for Sydney.

page 24
Dr Fitchett and Mr Mackenzie, M.H.R's, have brought their brief stay in London to a conclusion. Mr Mackenzie departed last Saturday, by way of America, having found the metropolis a trifle dull, though he enjoyed his visit to Scotland. Mr Fitchett left London on Wednesday for the Continent, where he remains for a week or two before catching his steamer at Brindisi. He is not alone as he has taken himself a wife during his sojourn here, and the continental tour is by way of a honeymoon. It is hoped Dr Fitchett will not take his wife via Vesuvius as according to Mr Mackenzie the two had a very perilous quartre d'heure in a hail of stones and lava.

The Star, Christchurch Monday 5 January 1891 pg2

Shipping telegrams - Auckland - Alameda arrived from San Francisco. The Alameda's passengers for NZ are Misses Higgenson, Beddome and Perry, Messrs Baillou, Chalnieley, Evans, Macpherson, Noakes, Connor, Stephenson, and Edge. Mr Mead & wife, Mr Beddome & wife, Mr Fowler & wife, Rev. Watling & wife, Count Wachtmeistir, and 5 steerage.

Otago Witness August 17 1893 pg14

The San Francisco Mail
Auckland, August 11
The RMS Mariposa arrived from San Francisco (July 22), Honolulu (July 29), Apia (August 5), after a smart voyage of 18d 17hr. She had an uneventful voyage. Passengers: Messrs Hatton and Fish. She sails for Sydney at 6 p.m.

Timaru Herald Thursday June 1895

Auckland, June 19
Arrived - Mariposa, from San Francisco, She left on May 31st. Passengers

Dean 		Mr Samuel and wife
Duthie 		Mr M.H.R.
Hart 		Mr H.E.
Fisher 		Mr George, wife and child
Johnson 	Miss Kate
Maxwell 	Miss
Rutherford 	Mr
Scoular 	Mr
She leaves tomorrow for Sydney.

Timaru Herald, 21 July 1896, Page 3

AUCKLAND, July 18.
Arrived� 8.30 a.m., Alameda, with the San Francisco mail. Passengers� Mrs Todd, Messrs Lawrence (2), Gray, Brown, Faver, Todd and Baker.

Timaru Herald Thursday 30 December 1897 pg 4 co. a

Auckland, Dec. 29
Arrived - Mariposa, from San Francisco, this evening. She left San Francisco, on Dec. 9th.
Passengers for Auckland -

Bench 		Mr
Blake 		Mrs
Blake 		Mr
Brinley 	Mrs
Doake 		Mrs
Doake 		Mr
Feldwick 	Mr
Foster 		Mrs
Hardy 		Mr
Haye 		Miss
Harvey 		Mr
Lloyd 		Mr
Manning 	Mr
Mennic 		Mrs
Mennic 		Mr
Newtown 	Mrs
Newton 		Mr
Ottendon 	Mrs
Ottenden 	Mr
Parkhouse 	Mr
Simpson 	Miss 
9 in steerage

For Sydney - 29 in the saloon.
The Mariposa leaves at midnight for Sydney.
The Mahinapua leaves this evening fore the south with the San Francisco mail.

Timaru Herald Monday 17 July 1899 pg 3

Mr James Mills, managing director of the Union Steamship Company said "We are going to fill the place of the Tekapo which was wrecked recently in the Sydney-Launceston trade, with the Wakatipu, pending the building of a new steamer. There is being constructed a new steamer, called the Kittawa, which is a Tasmanian native name, to take up the Koonya's running in the Tasmanian West Coast trade, and we just purchased the North Lyell, a good steamer for the Melbourne-Macquarie Harbour trade. This vessel was brought out to Melbourne by Captain Anderson, late of the R.M.S. Austral. As to the American trade, we expect to have our new steamers, which are to replace the Alameda and the Mariposa, ready for the passenger season of next April. These boats will be capable of steaming 17 knots although their average speed will be something like 15 knots. They will be 6000 tons boast fitted after the elaborate and comfortable fashion of the Atlantic liners.

Timaru Herald Wednesday December 1899 pg 3 col. a.

Arrival of the San Francisco Mail
Auckland, Dec. 19
The Alameda, Captain Oterendorp, has arrived from San Francisco. She sailed on Nov. 29th. Uneventful passage.

Passengers for Auckland.
Barr 		Mr and Mrs
Barr 		Mrs
Bell 		Hon. Charles and wife
Boehm 		Professor
Bucklin 	Mr
Burnett 	Mr Frank
Burnett 	Mr F. jun.
Butcher 	Mr
Daniels 	Misses (2)
Davis 		Mr
Dearsley 	Mr
Drake 		Mr
Graham 		Mrs and child
Holt 		Mr
Lester 		Mrs
Roberts 	Mr and Mrs
Runciman 	Mr
Shand 		Misses (2)
Tesdor 		Mr
Todd 		Mr
Williams 	Mrs W.A.
Williams 	Mr
Woodcock 	Mr

For Apia - 	Mr W. Blacklock
and 15 steerage.

The through passengers for Sydney number 20. The Alameda sails for Sydney at 4 a.m. tomorrow. The Rotoito left the Manukau with the southern mail at 8 p.m.

Timaru Herald Wednesday 6 June 1900

New schedule of the San Francisco mail service. Steamers Sierra, Sonoma and Ventura will commence on Wednesday, October 31st, when the Sonoma leaves San Francisco. Regular sailings at intervals of 21 days will take lace from San Francisco thereafter. The Sonoma will sail on her return trip leaving Sydney on the 4th and Auckland on the 8th Dec. and every three weeks thereafter. On the voyage from America the steamers will leave San Francisco on Wednesdays, arriving Honolulu on Tuesday, Samoa on the following Tuesday, and Auckland on the Following Monday, completing the voyage at Sydney on the Thursday. The voyages from this side will be somewhat smarter, the vessels leaving Sydney on Tuesdays, Auckland on Saturdays.....

The Evening Post Wednesday 11th June 1902

Auckland, June 10th
The mail steamer Ventura, arrived from San Francisco today brings the following passengers:
Alleyne 	Miss
Armitage 	Mr
Beaver 		Mr
Biggart 	Mr
Braden 		Mrs
Cramnell 	Mr
Ferris 		Mr
Griffith 	Mr
Haslett 	Mr
Harris 		Mrs and 3 children
Harris 		Mr
Hinton 		Mr
Hollongsworth 	Mrs and 2 children
Johnstone 	Miss
Knuth 		Mr
Lyon 		Mr
Rogers 		Miss
Rogers 		Mrs
Zimmer 		Mrs and 2 children
The steamer brings 960 eighth-sacks flour, 36,985 quarter-sacks, 4616 half-sacks and 273 barrels of flour.

Otago Witness 15 March 1908

The Vancouver Service - 
Sydney, March 23
Passengers per Aorangi are:
For Auckland
Chester 	Mr
Cooper 		Miss
Johnson 	Mr
McNiven 	Mr
Nelson 		Mr
Reeves 		Mr
Sparkes 	Mr
Williamson 	Mr and wife

For Wellington:
Ayson 		Mr
Cater 		Mr
Dixon 		Miss

For Dunedin:
Edmonds 	Rev. Mr
McDonald 	Mr, wife and family

Otago Witness Saturday 5 September 1874 page 12
The Southern Cross 25 August 1874 page 2

Wreck of the Warrior Queen
From the Alta California of July 21st.
The ship is a British ship, and sailed from Otago New Zealand, on May 11th, for San Francisco, consigned to Messrs Williams, Blanchard, and Co. She had the usual passage of variable winds, &c. and nothing of occurred until her arrival on this coast when dense fog which prevails during this time of the year were encountered. The fog for the past eight or ten days has been unusually dense. The station keeper at Point Lobos has seldom, during the past week, seen over three miles. The Warrior Queen was spoken at 5 o'clock p.m. on the 19th instant and at 6.30 p.m., without any idea that the ship was in danger, she struck heavily, and although the wind was light, almost calm, she went well up on the rocks, about five miles north of Point Reyes. No land was seen nor in fact, anything was known of the danger until she struck. The ship's boats three in number, were launched, and the crew, numbering some twenty-seven, all told, were put in them. The captain remained aboard the ship all night. At four o'clock in the morning he arrived at the conclusion that nothing could d be done to save the ship; he reluctantly set about saving the chronometers and personal effects for himself and crew, and the ship was abandoned, at which time she was lying easy, with 3� feet of water in the hold. About 5 pm. the boats were safe in the harbour and landed safely at North Point Dock, where they were received by Captain Bingham, of the firm Menzies, Bingham, and Lowry, who took the crew on board the British ship City of York, where they were hospitably received by Captain Auld. The Warrior Queen was built at Sutherland, England, in 1856, and was owned by Bonus and Co., of London. She was 988 tons register, built of oak, and is copper-fastened and was rated A1. She was employed previous to this voyage in the trade between London and New Zealand, and came up here under charter to take wheat home. Some surprise was expressed at the captain abandoning the ship altogether, considering that she was lying easily and only three feet of water in her.

Reading  MaterialR.M.S. Mataroa

RMS Mataroa, 12333 tons, belonging to the Shaw Savill & Ablion Co. sailed from Southampton via the Panama Canal to NZ and onward to Australia including Tasmania in 1926. The vessel called at the major New Zealand ports including Timaru where one passenger disembarked, Mrs Orbell. Converted to a troopship and meat carrier the ship served sailed between the UK and South Africa or the US. Formerly the 'Diogenes.' Aberdeen Line. Her sister ship was the Sophocles, which became the Tamaroa for Shaw Savill. Shaw Savill .  Scrapped in 1957 at Faslane but the ship's bell was given to the Mataroa school., New Zealand

Royal Mail Line between London & NZ via Panama Canal. 
R.M.S. Arawa, twin screw,11,570 tons, sailing from Liverpool,12 Oct. 1926. Commander W.G. Sommers, chief engineer J Naismith, surgeon Lt Col. C.D. Dawes, purser C.J. Hobden. Passengers listed by destination (Wellington, Lyttelton etc) starting 2nd class passengers, then third class. 7pp of names, 2 colour maps, last page is notices and hours of meals. Back page has list of Shaw Savill steamers. 21 named with tonnage.

Booklet. "The American Overland Mail Route, to Australia, New Zealand, Honolulu and Fiji, by The Union and Central Pacific Railways, across the American Continent, in Connection with the Vessels of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company, from San Francisco."  14 pp. The route to the East, combining rail and steamship across the Atlantic by steamer to New York, then across the continent by rail to San Francisco, points in Australia and elsewhere would be reached by the Pacific Mail Steamers from San Francisco. Published: London, October, 1875

Hamilton, J H The "All-Red Route" :1893-1953 : a history of the Trans-Pacific Mail Service between British Columbia, Australia, and New Zealand. 1956 129p, plates. A NMM, Greenwich holding. Journal article

Tate, Mowbray E.1902- Transpacific Steam: The story of steam navigation from the Pacific Coast of North America to the far East and the Antipodes, 1867-1941. 1986 Cornwall Books 272 pages. ISBN 0 8453 4792 6  Organized chronologically, with attention to individual lines and growth of technology.  Includes the development of the "all-red route" and the Union steamship Company of New Zealand. Index and bibliography. Illustrated. Hb. Photos include the Mariposa in 1883, the Alameda in 1883, Australia, Sonoma, Lurline, Mariposa (II), USSCO.'s Tahiti, Manganui, Maitai, Moana, Aorangi (II), Awatea. 

1927                      Aorangi 1927

Union Line of New Zealand. "RMMS Aorangi", 1927 Passenger List Booklet. 20 pages with a color fold out.  The All Red Route, sailing from Vancouver, B.C. to Sydney, N. S. W. April 6th, 1927. Also includes a full fleet list. Stopped over in Fiji and Tahiti.  The Aorangi built in 1924, 17,491 tons, quadruple screw motor vessel transferred to the Canadian-Australian Line, 1931-1953, under Union Line management, 1940 requisitioned as troopship, 1948 resumed the Pacific service between Sydney, Auckland and Vancouver. 1953 scrapped.

"We are nearing the Panama full steam ahead"

The New Zealander October 1850 Saturday the 12th
Shipping Intelligence - Arrivals

Oct. 10 - Helen S. Page, 271 tons, Joseph J. Church, commander, from San Francisco 15 August, arrived at Ohau on the 28 August, whence she sailed for this port on the 2nd September, Mrs. Graham, Mr. Rutherford, Mr. Charles Wake and a Sandwich Island boy.

The fine barque Helen S. Page, which arrived on Thursday night, is the property of our respected townsmen Messers. R. Graham and J. Macky. She is a credit to our port, and we wish her enterprising owners much success; she arrived here in a manner different from any previous arrival from California, viz., clean and everything on board ship-shape. She has had a fair run of 37 days from Honolulu, although having to contend with battling head winds during he whole of the passage. Her run from San Francisco to Honolulu was one of the quickest yet made between these ports, having accomplished it in 12 days.

Union Steamship Company of New Zealand Limited
Quarantine Station
Motuihi Island,
Dec. 8, 1918

Capt. John Philip Foster (should be Philip John!),
Officer in Charge of above named Quarantine Station.
Dear Sir - The undersigned passengers to New Zealand by the R.M.S. Makura from Vancouver, B.C., and now quarantined on Motuihi Island, desire to  express to you our very great appreciation of the thoroughly satisfactory  arrangements made by you for our comfort during the time we have been  quarantined.

We fully realise the onerous work that has been entailed for you, and in  recognising this we have pleasure in asking you to accept our most cordial  thanks and to express our appreciation also of the unfailing urbanity and  courtesy that have characterised your relations with us.  Our short association has been a great pleasure to us, and in parting with  you you have our most cordial wishes for a successful and prosperous future.

We are, yours, Very Sincerely,
George Fenwick, R.B. Beals, W. Tod. Martin, G.F. Fula-??? A.I.F.,  H?.A. Phillips,   William Smith,  H.A. Smith?, W. Irving  Carney, R.M. Hacket,  M.L. Reading,  A.E. Barker,  T.D. Brown,  Winifred D.  Brown, Gertrude F. Brown,  S.H. Brown,  Grace Grace,  H.F.S.Allom,  Isabel  Sidey,   T.G. Russell,  W. Geddis,  Ian Maverne,  A? Cutt,  Wm Earle,   Chas  Earle,  A.N. Ohlson,  Robina Hamilton,  W. Gersalmond Major,  Constance  Craig,  Mary Somerville,  J. Murray?,  Fred Harrison,  C.B. Reynolds, H. Nagel.

The original letter from which this information was copied is in the possession of the grandchildren of Capt. Philip Foster. Courtesy of Elizabeth Foster. Posted 7 Oct. 2000

The Makura, built in 1901 ?8, former liner of the Vancouver-Australian route, later transferred to the USSCo of NZ for the Sydney - San Francisco service. She was converted from coal to oil fuel in 1924. Her running mate was the Nigeria, built in 1913, became a casualty of WWII in 1940.  The Makura was sold to Chinese owners for the North China trade in 1936 and finally sold to Chinese shipbreakers for scrap. 

Otago Witness Wednesday 15 September 1909
Loyal New Zealanders. "I am glad to find that the New Zealanders there had not become citizens of the United States, but remained loyal to their own country."

This page was last edited 16 October, 2017