Wellington - New Zealand Bound

NZ Bound   Index   Search   Hints    Lists   Ports

Wellington - New Zealand Bound

New Zealand Bound

Emigrants proceeding to Manchester Block


Port Nicholson, Wellington is situated at the southern end of the North Island of New Zealand.  It is a large rectangular, 7km wide and 11km long, natural landlocked harbour and is flanked by 300m hills including Mount Victoria which provides shelter to shipping from the ever changing moods of Cook Strait. The entrance is 1.1 km wide at its narrowest points. In 1865, Wellington became the capital of New Zealand, superseding Auckland.  The harbour made Wellington. Deep water close to town and a central position in New Zealand were factors which decided in selecting Wellington as the capital. Part of Lambton Harbour in Port Nicholson, New Zealand in 1841. The city is named for Arthur Wellesley, 1st duke of Wellington, the British soldier and statesman. Population (greater city, 1993 estimate) 326,900. Shoreline Trail  & Lambton Harbour, Maritime Heritage Trail

On September 20 1839 the ship 'Troy', 381 tons, arrived in Port Nicholson Harbour under charter by a London company called the New Zealand Company with Colonel W. Wakefield in charge. The survey ship 'Cuba' arrived on January 3 1840, followed by the Aurora, a fully rigged ship of 550 tons. She was the leading emigrant vessel with 58 males and 90 females who had spent after 110 days at sea and was quickly followed by another eight bringing about one thousand settlers to the area.  Among the cabin passengers were Edward Stafford.  The 'Aurora' left Port Nicholson and was wrecked at the mouth of the Kaipara Harbour when sailing for Hokianga on 27th April 1840.  

Otago Witness, 24 May 1905, Page 54
Henry H. Jackson, one of New Zealand's pioneer settlers, died at Greytown recently ; aged 88 years. When about 22 years of age he was engaged by the New Zealand Company as paymaster and storekeeper to the first survey party sent out under Captain Smith to survey the town of Britannia at Port Nicholson, the place now known as Petone. Mr Jackson and his party landed in 3 January 1840, in the barque Cuba, 274 tons. He was present at the first Labour Conference in New Zealand (1840). Later he helped to start a small farm association in Wairarapa, and selected the sites of Masterton and Greytown.

On  January 31 1840, the ship Oriental, 506 tons, Capt. W. Wilson, arrived with 155 passengers. She was built in 1830 in Cochin using teak, sheathed in copper in 1839.  Owner R. Barry. Registered in London.

Other ships amongst these being the Duke of Roxburgh, 416 tons, Bengal Merchant, Adelaide, 640 tons, Lady Liford, Nimord, Earl Stanhope, Bolton, Middlesex, Martha and Blenheim, the last arriving December of that year, diary pdf. The Bolton, 540 tons, sailed from London 19 November, 1839 and arrived 20 August, 1840 in Port Nicholson, Wellington's harbour with 232 passengers. 

The Tyne arrived at Port Nicholson April 1841 with 98 passengers from Gravesend.  She was a wooden barque of 427 tons, later, left Gravesend on February 24th 1845 bound for Nelson but proceeded to Wellington due to a gale and was driven ashore at Sinclair Head on 4th July 1845.  All hands were saved.

The Lady Nugent arrived in Wellington 17th March 1841. Benjamin Jefferson, J. Sellar, R. Sturgeon, W. Seear, James Kieller, G. Benchin, E. Prince, D. Johnson, T. Bevan, G. Baker, D. McHardie, J. H. Gillard, Peter Bruce, R. Fill, J. Futter, J. Smith, E. Thorby, J. Brunger, J. Southee, A. Duthie, R. Fairweather, J. Martin, D. Smith, E. Martin, T. Stratton, W. Milne, J. Phelns, W. Shelton, A. Dunlop, E. Jones, R. Robinson, George Robertson, J. Puubie,  T. Martin, D. Bowman, John Jeller, A. Milne, T. Evans, F. Bolton, J. Wilkie, A. Robertson, R. Rhodes, T. Kennedy, H. Cross, E. Hazlett, C. Mummery, G. Cox, P. Watt, J. Watterson, A. Stuart, J. Stoodley, J. Robinson. R. Duncan,

The New Zealand Company's ship 'Clifford,' Capt. Sharp, 460 tons burthen, having on board 81 adult passengers and 67 children, exclusive of cabin passengers, sailed from London for Wellington and Nelson on the 16th Dec. 1841, and from the Downs on the 19th ult.  She had in the cabin Mr and Mrs John Saxton and family, the Rev. C. Saxton and Mrs Saxton, Mrs Crumpton, and Miss Wakefield, daughter of Colonel Wakefield, principal agent to the company in New Zealand.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 12 March 1842, Page 4
Port Nicholson. The barque Birman, 545 tons, Captain John Cleland, from London via the Cape of Good Hope, had arrived with 234 immigrants and merchandise for Port Nicholson; James Mothenwell, Esq., surgeon-superintendant. She had left the Timandra at the Cape of Good Hope, full of cabin passengers for New Plymouth.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 22 May 1847
On Saturday evening last a boat arrived from Massacre Ray, bringing intelligence of the the wreck of the Louisa Campbell on the sand-spit near Cape Farewell. The facts connected with this accident we have since learned to be these: The Louisa Campbell was bound to Nelson from Auckland, and had called at Taranaki on her way to leave a portion of the cargo which she had brought from London. She left the roadstead of Taranaki on Sunday morning, the 9th instant ; but the wind being very light, she made but little way that day. On Monday, the 10th, she bad a fair wind, and carried all sail. At noon, Captain Darby got an observation, which enabled him to ascertain, as he thought, his true position. Towards evening, land was seen on the starboard bow, which the captain supposed was Separation Point ; and remarked, that the vessel had sailed faster than he had calculated on. He then decided on standing on a little longer, and afterwards heave-to for the night. The weather was rather thick, so that distant objects were not clearly discernible. About six o'clock, while tea was being served in the cuddy, the vessel struck, and the bow was found to have grounded on a sand-bank, -while the stern was in deep water. An attempt was made to get her off, by carrying out an anchor, but it was quite fruitless. As the tide fell � for she struck about the time of high water  part of her was left nearly dry. It was not until daylight the next morning that those on board discovered where they were. They then found themselves to be on the sand-spit about two miles from Cape Farewell, which is several miles to the westward of their proper course. Efforts were now made to save the cargo ; but a gale of wind springing up, soon broke the vessel to pieces, and scattered the cargo up and down the spit for a distance of eight miles. About one-half the cargo has been saved, but nothing belonging to the ship. So complete is the wreck, that not a plank or timber remains entire, the whole having been broken into two or more pieces by the heavy surf which rolls in on the bank.
    On Thursday, two or three small craft left Nelson for Massacre Bay, to bring over whatever has been saved; but, as everything has to be carried two or three miles across the bank to be put on board, the loading has not been very expeditious. The Maories from the neighbourhood have lent their assistance, and behaved very well on the occasion. We are unwilling to pass any opinion on the affair, as we would rather first hear Captain Darby's own statement. We are told that he is of opinion that Cape Farewell is laid down thirty miles too far to the eastward ; but this, if true, must apply to all other portions of the neighbouring coast. We hope for his own sake that he will be able to show that there was nothing culpable on his part.

Daily Southern Cross, 27 May 1848, Page 2
The Robert Syers, barque, 312 tons, Captain Morrison, cleared for Port Nicholson on the 12th May. Passengers, Mr. Inglis, Mr. Robert Lambert, and Mr. T. Myles.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle 13 October 1849
Wellington News. The brig Enterprise, with twenty-six passengers, arrived on Sunday, from London, after a favourable passage of 113 days. When out fourteen days she put into Madeira.
    The New Zealand Company's ship Larkins, 777 tons, left the London docks on Monday the 4th June, with about 150 passengers for the southern ports of New Zealand. The first class ship Kelso, 560 tons, was laid on for the Company's settlements, to sail on the 2nd July Willis and Co., were advertising a vessel of 500 tons, (one of their line of packets) for Auckland and Wellington, to sail on the 1st July.
    The Oriental Queen was to sail in July for Auckland, with pensioners.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle 2 March 1850
Wellington Extracts. The Government brig Victoria, Capt. Burgess, arrived in port on Sunday from Taranaki. The Berkshire had arrived, after an excellent passage of one hundred days, from London, furnishing intelligence to the 5th October. She has on board 118 passengers, and may be expected here in the course of a few days. On Saturday. January 19. during the heavy gale from the N. W., the Berkshire lost an anchor and 75 fathoms of chain, and was compelled to run. The moorings were likewise washed away. The Victoria had a narrow escape on Saturday night last, at 12 o'clock, when off Stephens' Island. The brig had all sail set, the day having been calm, when she was struck by a gale from the north- ward, which hove her on her beam ends, and though by the skilful handling of captain, officers, and crew, the danger was averted, she was severely knocked about. She sailed yesterday morning for Taranaki, conveying Lieutenant-Governor Eyre and suite to that place. We feel gratified in being enabled to announce that our respected Governor is about to be married to Miss Ormond, a lady who arrived from England in the Berkshire.� independent, January 30.

Evening Post, 21 January 1876, Page 2
During the year 1875, 13 immigrant ships arrived in this Province, the following being their order of advent, and the respective numbers of statute adults they brought :  Berar, 290 ; Avalanche (January) 59 ; Humboldt, 315 ; Dallam Tower, 145: Edwin Fox, 220 ; Hindostan, 157; Lammershagen, 331 ; Collingwood, 216; Rodney, 396; Halcione, 9; Herschel, 223, Howrah, 249 ; Avalanche (December), 186. Of these only two, the Berar and the Collingwood, needed to be sent into quarantine. Three of the ships arrived in the month of January, and two in July, the rest being equally distributed over March, April, May, August, and the three following months. The small number brought by the Avalanche on her first trip, and by the Halcione, is explained, by the face that the main bulk of the immigrants carried by those vessels were for Taranaki.

Settlers of Wellington in 1852
CD - Early Wellington Settlers (over 130,000 records) [NZSG Wellington]

Evening Post, 23 January 1890, Page 2
A list of these in the procession. The roll of founders of the colony present stands as follows : With the Mayors' carriages 
Mr. George Allen, arrived in the Catherine Stuart Forbes in 1841 (had visited Auckland in 1839, and returned to England) and Mr. John Plimmer, 1842, the Gertrude.
In the first old identities' carriage 
Mr J. H. Wallace and Mr P. Hume, 1840, the Lady Lilford
Mr J. Harding (of Waipukurua, Hawke's Bay}, 1842, the Birman
Mr. H. Collett, 1840, the London
Mr. C. W. Keys, 1840, the Cuba
Second carriage  Mrs. Robert Burgess (maiden name Potherick), 1840, the Aurora, 1840
Mrs. Calders, Mrs. Gee, and Mrs. Colman, 1840, the Blenheim (these three ladies are sisters), and have lived at Kaiwarra since their arrival)
Mr. David Lewis, 1840, the Oriental.
Third carriage  Mrs. Caroline Evans, 1840, the Adelaide
Mrs. Margaret Smith, 1841, the Lady Nugent
Mrs. Jane Retter, 1841, the Lord William Bentinick
Mrs. Rebecca Mcleod, 1841, the Catherine Stuart Forbes.
Fourth carriage -Mr. G. Mudgway and Mrs C Mudgway, 1841, Catherine Stuart Forbes.
Mr John Webber 1841, the Lady Nugent
Mrs. Hook, the Mautoki, (cannot recall the date)
Wi Hapl Pakau of the Hutt, who says that he is one of the few Maoris alive who recollect the arrival of the pioneers of Wellington.
Fifth carriage- Mr. Thomas Freethy, came to New Zealand in the French vessel Justine, in, 1840
Mr. Charles Collis, 1842, the Birman
Mr. David Dick, 1840, the Bengal Merchant
Mr. Edwin Ticohurst, 1840, the Adelaide
Mr. John Knowles, 1841, the Gertrude
Mrs. B. Harrison, 1841, the Catherine Stuart Forbes
Sixth carriage Mr. G. H. Luxford and Mr. W. N. Luxford, 1840, the Adelaide
Mr. Ward Parker, came to Adelaide by the Poictiers in 1843, and came on to Now Zealand in the Mary Ray in 1862 ;
Mr. C. Simmonds, 1856, the Ann Wilson
Mr. T. A. Shirley, the Arab.
Seventh carriage Mr. B. Hewit, 1840, the Adelaide;
Mr. G Brick, 1843, the Birman
Mr. W. Gooden; 1841, the Arab
Mr. T. Benton, 1842, the London
Mr. John Daysh. 1841, the Gertrude
On foot Mr. John Gell (wearing a Maori hat, 1842, the Bombay
Mrs. Epuni and Mrs. M. Maunie, representing native old identities;
Mr. Lancelot Holmes, until lately Chief Pilot of Wellington, born at Petone in March, 1840, said to be the first European child born in Port Nicholson;
Messrs. J. Petherick, F. G. Petherick and R. Davis, 1840, the Aurora ;
Mr; J. Brown, 1840, the Blenheim
Mr. T. Howell, 1840, the Martha Ridgway
Mr. J. Howe, the Clifton
Messrs. N. Valentine and J. Valentine, 1846, the Java (landed first in Auckland)
Mr H. Parker, 1845, the Gertrude
Mr. E. Prouse, 1840, the Duke of Roxburgh
Mr. P.Gooden, 1840, the Martha Ridgeway
Mr S. Hobbs, 1842, the Birman
Mr. J. H. Houghton and Mr. E W. Petherick, 1840, the Aurora
Mr E. A. Hutchings, 1848, William Alfred
Mr. J. Retter, 1841, Lord William Bentinick
Mr. Eli Buck, 1842, the Birman
Mr. Hart Udy, senr., and Messrs. W. Udy, J: Udy, and Hart Udy, junr. (his sons) 1840, the Duke of Roxburgh
Messes. James Knight, Samuel Smith, J.C. Bryant, J.W. Bryant, T. Bassett, J. Ha*ko, W. Cocking, David Hunter, and Robert Hunter, 1840, the Duke of Roxburgh
Mr. C. Saywall, 1840, the Martha Ridgway
Mr. C. W. Brown, born at the Hutt in 1841, his parents having arrived in the Martha Ridgway
Mr. J. Cudby, 1843, the Thomas Parkes
Mr. J. G. Rush, 1842, The Lady Nugent
Mr. W. Dorreen, born at Petone in 1840
Mr. Thomas Rogers, born at Petone in 1840 disputes Mr. L. Holmes' claim to the first European child born in the district
Mr. H. Eglington, 1849, the Slain's Castle
Messrs. G. Tonks, W. Tonks, T. Morgan, and G. Bell, 1842, the Birman
Mr. G. Spaokman, 1840, the Bolton
Mr J. Bills, 1842, the Clifton
Mr. W. Rowe, 1859, the Wild Duck
Mr. W. Lockyear, 1842, the London
Mr. H. Green, 1853, the Rajah
Mr. C. Mudgway, 1841, the Catherine Stuart Forbes
Mr. A. W. Rudman, 1842, the Phoobe (to Nelson)
Mr. J. Vile, 1841, the Arab
Mr. J. D. Benge, 1841, the Olympus
Mr. E. Cahill, 1846, the Java
Mr. Geo. Every, 1840, the Bolton
Mr. Jas. Robinson, born here in 1842  parents came in the Martha Ridgway
Mr C. W. Brodie, 1842 the Cuba
Mr. F. Cooper, 1841 the Oriental
Mr. G. Judd, 1840, the Martha Ridgway
Mr. C. Staurt, 1842, the Birman
Mr Clark, 1840, the Glenbervie
Mr. T. Hayward, 1846, the Driver
Mr. J. Philps, 1841, the Lord William Bentinck
Mr. D. Dick, jur., born here in 1840  parents came in the Bengal Merchant
Mr. Joseph James, 1849, the Catherine Stuart Forbes
Mr. W. Dodds, 1841, the Lady Nugent
Mr. C. W. Gooden, 1840, the Martha Ridgway
Mr. H. Southee, 1841, the Lady Nugent
Mr. P. Monaghan, 1846, the Java
Mr. G. L. Layfield ,1853, the Northfleet
Mr. J. Hill. 1841, the Arab
Mr. E. Bannister, 1840, the Bolton
Mr. T. W. M'Kenzie, 1840, the Adelaide
Mr. A. Murray, 1841, the Tyne
Mr. A. Pringle, 1840, the London
Mr. H. F. Eagar, 1842, the Scotia (from Sydney)
Mr. W. B. Howe, 1841, the Clifton
Mr. G. Barrett, 1848, the Bernicial?
Mr. J. Bidmead, 1842, the London
Mr. J. Harris, 1842, the George Fyfe
Mr. G. Brown, 1841, the Blenheim
Mr. T. O'Malley; 1846, the Lord Auckland
Mr. Jas. Smith, 1856, the Lancashire Witch
Mr. H. Rudman, born in Nelson in 1843 parents came in the Phoebe
Mr: T. H. Robinson, 1841, Lady Nugent;
Mr. G. H. Hawkins, born in Wellington 1844
Mr. W. Sievors, 1840 the Mariner
Mr. W. Jenkins was in the colony before the New Zealand Company's settlers, having arrived in the Henry Freeling in 1836 [Henry Freeling Brigantine, 91 tons, built Woodbridge, Suffolk, UK, 1813; reg. London, reg. Sydney 8/1837. Lbd 62.2 x 17.1 x 10.6 ft. Captain Fisher. Rig altered from ketch to brigantine on 15 September 1837. From Sydney to New Zealand, wrecked at the whaling station of Tautuku, South Otago, NZ, 12 November 1839]
Mr. J. Webber, 1841, Lady Nngent
Mr. Jas. Smith, 1840, the whaling ship David
Mr. T. Bevan, 1841, the Lady Nugent
Mr. R. Miller, 1840, the Blenheim
Mr. T. Allen, born at Wellington in 1848  parents came in the Catherine Stuart Forbes
Mr. A. R. Meech, born here in 1845 parents came in the Oriental
Mr. A. Wall, 1841, the Lord William Bentinick
Mr. J. Yule, 1840, the Bengal Merchant
Mr. E. Waite, born here in 1850 parents arrived in the Sir Robert Peel
Mr. Hugh Calders, born here in 1848
Mr. Duncan Sinclair, born here in 1849  parents landed at Kapiti in 1846
Mr. James Lingard, 1841, the Gertrude
Mr. Joseph Rawson, came from Sydney in 1846;
Mr. James Stockbridge, 1842, the London
Mr. T. O'Loughlin. born here in 1843
Mr. D. Hobbs, 1843, the Birman
Mr. John Knowles, 1841, the Oriental
Mr. J. E. Smith, came to Auckland in the Tomatine in 1842
Mr. J. O'Meara, 1842, the Planet
Mr. Fred. Bradey, 1840, the Adelaide
Mr. K. Woodman, born here in 1840  parents came in the Bolton;
Mr. D. Cruickshank, 1850, the Phoebe Dunbar
Mr. John Pattinson, 1840, the George Fyfe
Mr. H. Ashton, 1848, the Blundell
Mr. C. Hewitt, 1846, the Levant
Mr. T. Mackintosh, came to Nelson in 1842, in the Levant
Mr. J. Davison. about 1840, the Marion Kelly
Mr. F. W. Revell born at Taranaki in 1849  parents' vessel, the William Bryan, the first ship to Taranaki
Mr. A. Wise, came from Melbourne in 1855
Mr. M. O'Connor, arrived 1846
Mr. G. Sample, 1845
Mr. T. Claridge, 1842, the London
Mr. W. Edwards, 1849, the Larkins
Mr. T. Campbell, one of the arrivals by the Lady Nugent, was unable to be present personally, but was represented by his son, Mr. Thomas Campbell.

New Zealand Free Lance, 3 February 1906, Page 3
It seems a little strange to us the "we" that have a reasonable prospect of years of life  that the people could not foresee the Wellington of to-day, and there and then settle down and hang on for a rise in values. But that is vain, and, anyhow, Reeve was one of the crew of the trading brig Ann and Mary, who were out to "take the natives down" with beads, tin trumpets, and highly-coloured blankets. But, the Ann and Mary came to grief at the Chathams (where it arrived just after the Morioris had massacred and eaten the crew, of the French whaler, John Barr), and the crew there and then squatted on the islands.
    In 1841, Mr. Reeve tripped up to Wellington, and chose a wife from among the immigrant girls who had arrived from the Old Country by the ship Stains Castle, and was married to her in St. Paul's Church on January 22nd, 1841, by the Rev. Mr. Cole, the first Anglican minister established in Wellington. The old sailor remained at the Chathams until 1844, when he again went a whaling, this time to the frozen North, off the bitter coasts of Siberia and Alaska. On his retrain he began to think that "a life on the ocean main" was a bit of a blank, and so settled down in Johnsonville, where he stayed for twenty-five yeans. Then, he shifted up to Foxton, where another quarter of a century was spent. In 1896, he came again to Wellington to spend the evening of his days with his "children" most of whom show the grey hairs of mature age. William Reeve will be ninety-six years of age in June, which just about makes him the senior colonist living, and when he dies a bit of living history (of that time when New Zealand was tortured with the pains of giving birth to her present capital city) will be lost for ever. "Bill" Reeve looks good for the century, though.

Port Nicholson, Wellintgon's harbour with Somes Island  August 1999


The Wellington Public Library, New Zealand Room, has the Pioneer index 1840-1855, including arrivals from Australia, and newspaper passenger index, 1856-1887. The passenger index, 1856-1887 is also on microfiche.  Assisted immigrants, 1871-1888, and most arrivals to Wellington and Auckland, 1886-1910, are indexed at Archives new Zealand. Lists are available 1886-1973.

Anderson, Grahame Fresh About Cook Strait - An Appreciation of Wellington Harbour. 1984. Auckland.  Methuen. 215 pp with 20 maps and plans, 20 colour, and 182 b/w illust. Aerial view of Wellington Harbour. Pre-European to early settlement. Sail and steam, ferries and coasters, navigation aids, jetties and wharves. Weather. ISBN: 0456031804

Crowther, Bruce [1992] Voyage of the barque Birman : Gravesend -Wellington, 13 October 1841 - 1 March 1842 : including diary of the ship's surgeon, letters from passengers, passenger list, talk by Prof. Raewyn Dalziel, other items. Motherwell, J. R.   Journal book kept by J.R. Motherwell. Dalziel, Raewyn. Crowther, Bruce. Te Awamutu [NZ] 

Port of Wellington Entry, 1856-1887 : passenger index and ships' index / compiled by Leonard J. Dangerfield ; members of the Wellington Group of NZSG. Dangerfield, L. J. (Leonard Joseph),  Auckland. New Zealand Society of Genealogists, 1988.  8 fiche Available from the New Zealand Society of Genealogists Inc  $NZ15.20 (go to publications, fiche)  Index to overseas passenger shipping arrival lists in the Wellington Independent, NZ Spectator and Cook Strait Guardian, NZ Advertiser, Evening Post and NZ Times. Arranged alphabetically. ISBN: 0908770022 (pbk.)

Elenio, Paul, 1954- Alla fine del mondo = To the ends of the earth : a history of Italian migration to the Wellington Region : Petone Settlers Museum ; Wellington : Club Garibaldi, [1995] Italy--New Zealand Immigration Wellington region

McGill, David The Pioneers of Port Nicholson  Wellington : Reed, 1984 Index Bibliography 194 pp with 100 b/w photos. From the Maori settlement around Te Whanganui-a-Tara, to the Pakeha pioneers who developed it into the City of Wellington. ISBN: 0589015311

Swain, Maggie The Halls of Huirangi. Charles Hall (1836-1922) and Ellen Goodwin (1838-1928) sailed from England to New Zealand on the "Strathnaver" on 1 June 1874 and arrived Wellington on 31 August. Chapter 1 of  "The Halls of Huirangi" (pp. 9-28) covers the voyage. The sources are documents either in NZ archives or in private hands.

Verivaki, Maria, 1967- Istories ellenikon taxidion Petone Settlers Museum, Lower Hutt City Council ; Greek National Tourist Organisation, c1991. 100 pp Greek migration and settlement. Bibliography. Yiavasis family, Nicolaou family of Lower Hutt, Nikoloudaki family of Petone.

Ward, Louis Ernest 1866-1938 Early Wellington Auckland: Whitcombe & Tombs, 1928. 544pp preface by Sir Robert Stout. (reprint 1975 Christchurch : Capper Press) Includes passenger lists.

Emigrant Vessels

Emigrants proceeding to Manchester Block, Wellington Province, NZ
Manchester Block settlement is in the Feilding area of the Manawatu. Halcombe, a village, near Feilding  and is named after an early settler, Mr Halcombe. [Manawatu District Council web site contains a search engine and database for the Feilding cemetery, go to public registers]

Waipa		 from London on 17 December 1875
Fritz Reuter	 selected by Mr. Halcombe for the Immigrant and Colonists Aid Corporation
Waimea		 sailed 2nd July 1875
Hourah		 sailed 29 July 1876
Leicester	 from Gravesend on the 23rd October 1875 
Rakaia		 from London 15th November 1875
Hurunui		 at Gravesend on the 22nd ult. 
Northampton	 from London for Manchester Settlement on 18th December 1876
S.S. Stad Haarlem sailed from Plymouth 6th February 1879
Rakaia		 sailed from Plymouth 31 May 1879
Lochdee		 sailed from London to Wellington  on the 18th ultimo (in the month preceding the current one)
Wennington	 on the 24th February 1877
City of Madras	 from London on the 13th April 1877
Waimate		 from London on the 6th June 1877
Wairoa		  sailed 15 July 1877
Hurunui		 from Plymouth on the 14th September 1877
Gainsborough	 sails 3rd November 1877
Waikato		 sailed 19th January 1878
Abeona		 sailed 27th April 1878

HALCOMBE - Township on the Rangitikei Plans, 16km SE of Marton and 13km NW of Feilding. The land here was brought up in 1871 as part of the 40,500 ha 'Manchester Block' by the Hon Lieutenant Colonel William Fielding, chief representative of the special English Settlement scheme promoted by the Emigrants and Colonists Aid Corporation formed in 1867 under the chairmanship of the Duke of Manchester.  The first settlers arrived in 1874 and named after Arthur William Follett Halcombe who came to NZ in 1855 and in 1872 became NZ agent and general manager for the E.C.A. Corporation. More details can be found in the book "The line of the Road - A History of Manawatu county 1876-1976" By M.H. Holcroft. (By the middle of 1877 the Manchester Block had 1600 settlers.) Reference: Wises New Zealand Guide - A Gazetteer of New Zealand. Printed 1987 8th edition, published by Wises Publication Ltd.

New Zealand Gazette and Wellington Spectator, 18 September 1841, Arrived.
Sept. 11, schooner Anne, Jose, from Akaroa, for provisions for the French.
Sept. 15, schooner Lady Leigh, 109 tons, King, from London ; merchandize. Passengers  Messrs. Fitzherbert and Landgon.
SAILED. Sept. 11, Government brig Victoria, Richards, for Akaroa. Passengers His Excellency Capt. Hobson and suite and Mr. Guyton.
Sept. 17, barque Matilda, Roberts, for Sydney; in ballast. Passengers  Messrs. Lee, Burleigh, Aiken, Richards, Parkinson, and Capt. Mills and two servants.

New Zealand Gazette and Wellington Spectator, 15 December 1841, Page 2
Dec. 11, barque Middlesex, 563 tons, Captain Salmon, from Sydney; cargo, cattle, and merchandize. Passengers � Mr and Mrs Seymour and five in the steerage.
Dec. 13, sloop Royal William, 43, Lovett, for - Akaroa and Perake ; general, cargo. Passengers  Messrs. Hort and Hempleman.
Same day, brig Antilla, 283, Captain Burnett, for Auckland.
Same day, schooner Jane, Fabian, for Wanganui ; general cargo.
Same day, schooner Fidele, Salvator Cemino master, for Palliser Bay, to render assistance to the wreck of the Elbe.

Daily Southern Cross,  27 January 1852, Page 2
SHIPPING LIST. Entered Inwards.
January 26 � John Wesley, brig, 237 tons, John Ryle, from London 26th September. Passengers  Rev. W. Lawry, Mr. Wm. Fletcber, Rev. J. Polglare, Mr. and Mrs. Collis, Mr. and Mrs. Su_ger, Mrs. Ward and 2 children, Mrs. Ryle, Mr. and Mrs. Benner.

New Zealand Spectator and Cook's Strait Guardian, 20 April 1853, Page 3
[From the Lyttelton Times, April 2.]
Mr. and Mrs. Godley embarked at Sydney on board the Anglesea, of 1,018 tons, for London on the 2nd March. The Anglesea landed her pilot on the 3rd, and proceeded. -Mr. Caverhill has arrived from the Nelson district at his Station on the Hurunui, with 462 head of cattle, and 975 sheep, the only casualty being the loss of two sheep.

True Briton

September 22 1852 The Taranaki Herald
Southern Cross
25 January 1853
The True Briton, ship, was to sail from London for Auckland on the 22nd July.  She has been chartered to convey troops to this colony, a company of the 58th, comprising 2 officers and 82 men, 5 women and 7 children for Auckland, and a company of the 65th for Wellington. 

"True Briton" - 685 tons. Capt. H. W. Norris
Sailed from London 15 Aug 1852. Arrived Port Nicholson 18 Dec. 1852. 251 passengers including 167 rank and file 58th and 65th regiments, 27 women, 25 children. Two deaths and one birth occurred during the passage out - one of the men of the 58th having died off the Kai Koras and a child belonging to a private of the 65th off the Snares. The wife of a private of the 65th was confined on board. She landed 84 men, 14 women and 13 children belonging to the 65th Regt. under the command of Lieut. Priestly and ensigns Buck and Wemyss. She also landed eight cabin and nine steerage passengers. A detachment of the 58th, under command of Capt. J.E. Petley will proceed to Auckland by the True Briton. Known passengers were:

Buck 		Ensign (65th)
Carruthers	Mr Edwin Montague, wife, Jane Carruthers, 5 children, Mary Catherine, Thomas Johnson, Ann,  Jane, John Butler Carruthers.
Carter 		Capt. John Chilton Lambton; wife Susan (Lillicrap) & 2 ch. Lambton & Alice
Cogan 		Staff-Assistant Surgeon
Harrison	Mr Thomas  b. Newcastle, ENG, resided Dunedin, m. Agnes d/o Thomas Robertson
Holland 	Mr
Holland 	Mr J
Jones 		Mr and Mrs & 2 servant
Jones 		Mr W
Jones 		Mr and Mrs and servant
Knight 		Mr
Petley 		Captain J.C. (58th)
Priestly 	Lieutenant (65th)
Riddell 	Mr
Shipley 	Lieutenant (58th) with a detachment of about 90 rank and file 58th
Stapleton 	Hon. Bryan (diary)
Weld 		Mr F. A.   
(Weld, Frederick Aloysius (Sir) 1823-1891; as an attributed artist painted "Lyttelton, with Immigrants' Barracks and settlers' houses 1853" )
Weymss  (sic) 	Ensign  Weyms (65th)
Wilkinson 	Mr
Willington (sic)Lieutenant  Witherington  (58th)

The vessel continued on to New Plymouth, arriving 18 January, landing 17 passengers and some Fencibles then to Auckland arriving there on 7 February, 1853 where she disembarked the 58th Regiment under the command of Captain J.E. Petley and 87 Fencibles. 

The 58th was in Australia from 1844 to 1847 and the muster rolls are available on microfiche as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project. The British 65th Regiment which served in Australia from 1846 to 1849 before moving to New Zealand and they served in New Zealand until the mid 1860's. Auckland Institute and Museum Library and Auckland Public Library have microfilm of the records for many of the regiments and a list of soldiers who took their discharge in NZ.  Reference: Anne Bromell's book Tracing Family History in NZ.

Hughes, Hughes & Lyn Discharged in New Zealand : soldiers of the Imperial Foot Regiments who took their discharge in New Zealand 1840-1870: NZSG 1988. Contains registers and biographic info on soldiers.  The book lists 3661 soldiers who took their discharge in NZ but it doesn't mention what the percentage of the total who served was. Includes index to ships. e.g. Private Keiran FOSTER # 1703 - Was originally a labourer and birthplace noted as Cloughan. He enlisted in the regiment on 5th May 1842 and took his discharge with a Gratuity at Auckland 31st January 1857. He came to NZ via the ship "Elizabeth & Henry" which left London on 15th January 1845 and arrived at Sydney 1st July 1845. He boarded the ship "British Sovereign" which left Sydney on the 20th September 1845 and arrived at the Bay of Islands on 9th October 1845. 58th (Rutland) Regiment - Also known as "The Back Cuffs"

Current secondary sources estimate the number of imperial troops who served in New Zealand in these wars across the 1840s through to 1870 as about 18,000. This is a number that gets repeated in pretty well every secondary source since it was first published. so roughly 20% chose to stay in NZ. The Hughes list is only one part of the story re: who took their discharge in New Zealand/who ultimately settled here. Some of the men on the Hughes list did not remain in New Zealand but later moved to Australia or returned to the UK. Agood number of men took their discharge in Australia and then returned to New Zealand to settle. Others took their discharge back in the UK and returned with families to settle in New Zealand some years later but who we won't find in the Hughes list. Database NZ medal, a campaign medal.

James Belich The New Zealand Wars and the Victorian interpretation of racial conflict Details on the movements of the regiments. Index. Bibliography. The British Army regiments involved in NZ were:12th (1st battalion); 14th (2nd battalion); 18th; 40th; 43rd; 50th; 58th; 65th; 68th; 96th; and 99th.

Naval & Military Settler' and Volunteers Land Acts 

Archives New Zealand in Wellington: Card index of medals awarded in the NZ land wars of the 1860s
Passenger Lists Into Wellington only
Wellington ship arrivals
: Aurora, Cuba, Duke of Roxburgh, Lord William Bentinck, Queen Bee, Rotomahana, Sir Edward Paget, Zealandia. 

Daily Southern Cross, 18 May 1863, Page 2
BIRTHS. On the 24th February, on board the 'True Britain,' off the Isle of Wight, the wife of F A Krull, Esq , of a daughter.

Gipsy, sailed 3 July 1854 with 112 passengers and 1 died on the voyage. (37 M, 32 F, children: 20 M, 23 F)
Reference: Return of Ships and Emigrants despatched by Public Funds to New Zealand in 1854 British Parliamentary Papers (1856 XXIV [2089] 402).  From London via Auckland, arrived Wellington 13 November, 1854.

New Zealand Gazette and Wellington Spectator, 13 December 1843
ARRIVED. December 10, ship Mandarin, 650, Smith, from London via Hobart Town and Auckland.

New Zealand Gazette and Wellington Spectator, 3 February 1844
Arrived: Feb. 1, barque Himalaya, 477 tons, Burn, from London, via New Plymouth and Nelson.
In port: Barque Tyrian, 225 tons, Clarkson. Samuel and Joseph, agents

New Zealand Gazette and Wellington Spectator, 10 February 1844
SAILED. February 7, barque Indemnity, 312 tons, R. Sedgwick, for London.
Wednesday, February 7, 1844.
The Indemnity sails immediately and is we believe the last ship proceeding to London this season. The Tyrian sailed a few days since. Her cargo consisted entirely of oil and bone. The Indemnity has oil and bone as part of her cargo ; but she has besides New Zealand wool, barks, dying and tanning, woods, furniture and for ship building, and flax. He cargo is unquestionably the most interesting and important, which has yet been sent out of our port, and we hope the friends of New Zealand in London, will show the interest they take in this settlement, by using their utmost endeavours to introduce all our novelties, and by furnishing such ample reports on each subject, that we may decide whether any of the articles will not pay to ship at all, or whether they require to be packed or prepared differently ; or being suitable and properly prepared or packed, need only to be pressed upon the attention of the people in England to become articles of steady demand at a remunerating price.
To arrive at the question of suitability or unsuitability of articles not yet, or but little known in England, it is absolutely necessary that they should be consigned to the right kind of houses. Houses that would apply the same rules to a colony in the infant state of New Zealand, that they would to a country having a long established trade, are-disqualified from aiding in our progress ; and should not be encouraged to connect themselves with oar trade, by any efforts-being made to enable them to apply such rules to the present state of our trade.....

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 20 January 1844
Arrived January 14, ship Mandarin, 650, Smith, from England via Hobart Town, Auckland, and Wellington ; part of original cargo.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 23 March 1844
Arrived March 20, brigantine Governor, 147, Williamson, from London via Wellington; general cargo. Passengers, Mr. Boulcott and Mr. Penny.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle 6 April 1844
Arrived. April 3, ship Teresa, 600, from London via New Plymouth; general cargo.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 14 September 1844
Arrived September 10 brig Nelson, 153, M'Laren, from London via Wellington; part of original cargo.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle 1 February 1845
Arrived. January 26, barque Slains Castle, 508, Dawson, from Plymouth in ninety-one days ; general cargo. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Mackay and family, Mr. Edwards, Mr. and Mrs. Eban, Mr. F. Johnson, Dr. Purchase, and thirty in the steerage. - 29, barque Caledonia, 300, Case, from London and Wellington. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Nattrass, Mr. Heale, and six in the steerage.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle 13 June 1846
Arrived June 10th, barque Ralph Bernal, 400, M'Laren, from London ; general cargo.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle 15 August 1846
August 12, barque Madras, 450, Hilbery, from Gravesend on the 24th March; general cargo. Passengers - Dr. Montgomery, Dr. Robertson, Mr. Cook, Mrs. Trude, Mr. and Mrs. Green.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle 12 December 1846
Arrived 12, barque Hope, 400 , from London 30th July ; general cargo.

New Zealand Spectator and Cook's Strait Guardian, 1 July 1846
ARRIVALS. June 28. Barque Ralph Bernal, 400 tons, George McLaren, from England.  Passengers. Mr. and Mrs. Brodie and child, Mr. and Mrs. Cooper and child, Messrs. Taylor, Lowrey, Miss Morgan, Miss Maker, Mrs. Sutton and son, Mr. Edwards.  From Nelson, Mr. A. St. Hill.

New Zealand Spectator and Cook's Strait Guardian, 5 September 1846
ARRIVALS. September 3.  Barque Madras, 450 tons, Hilbery, from England via Nelson. Passengers, Dr. Montgomery, Dr. Robertson, Mr. Cooke, and Mr. Robt. Tod, and several in the steerage.

New Zealand Spectator and Cook's Strait Guardian, 13 January 1847
DEPARTURES. January 10  Barque Clara, 360 tons, Crow, for England via Sydney. Passengers: Major Arney, Mrs. Arney, child and servant, Mrs. Evans and servant, Messrs. Thorpe, Murnin, Harris, Newcome, Partridge, Shaw, Galloway, and two soldiers.

New Zealand Spectator and Cook's Strait Guardian, 6 February 1847
ARRIVALS. February 4. Brig Nelson, 153 tons, Sedgwick, from Liverpool.

New Zealand Spectator and Cook's Strait Guardian, 20 February 1847
ARRIVALS. February 19. Barque Elora, 350 tons, Turnbull, from England via Nelson. Passengers: Mr.  and Mrs. Walker, Mr. and Mrs. Whitlaw, Mr. Bromley, Mr. and Mrs. Newman, Mr. and Mrs Clark, Miss Newman, Miss Forsaith, Mr. Clark Mr. Parker, Mr. and Mrs. Ellway, Mr. M'Donald, Mr. Otterson, Mr. and Mrs. Aikin and child, Mr. and Mrs Warburton and three children, Mr. Duppa, Mrs. Patten, Mr. Lowrie, Mr. Jefferies. Same day.  Schooner Fidele, 8 tons, Fyfe, from Kai kora.

DEPARTURES. February 19.  Government Brig Victoria, 200 tons, Richards, for Cloudy Bay.

H. M. S. Calliope, 26 guns, Captain Stanley.
Barque Hope, 377 tons, Marshal. Bethune & Hunter, Agents.
Cutter Royal William, 43 tons, Lovett. J. M. Taylor, Agent.
Brig Nelson, 153 tons, Sedgwick. Ridgways, Hickson & Co., Agents.
Schooner Ranger, 51 tons, Napier. W. B. Rhodes, Agent.
Brig Lord Hobart, 200 tons, Johnson. J. Smith and Co. Agents.
Schooner Perseverance, 27 tons, Maori.
H. M. Steamer Indexible, 6 guns, Commander Hoseason.
Barque Elora, 350 tons, Turnbull. Bethune & Hunter, Agents.
Schooner Fidcle, 8 tons, Fyfe, Master, Agent.

IMPORTS, In the Elora. : 10 brls. and 5 hhds. stout, 240 kegs whitelead, 26 barrels tar, 167 casks bottled beer, -100 casks bottled beer, 18 oil butts, 50 tons salt, Bethune & Hunter ; 1 box, J. Gillard ; 1 box D. Riddiford ; 1 cask, R. Langdon ; 20 boxes glass, 5 kegs, 5 bundles spades, 1 cask, 4 crates, 1 case, 2 trusses, 2 bales, W. W. Taylor ; 1 cask, J. Blyth ; 25 bundles spades, 50 kegs nails, 5 cases 3 bales slops, 1 bale twine, 3 cases glass, 4 bales linen, 4 hhds. brandy, 2 brls. rum, 2 casks Geneva, 16 casks wine, 4 bales, P. M. Hervey ; 9 bales cottons, 19 hhds. rum, C. Perry; 1 cask shoes, D. Isaacs ; 1 box, 86 bags flour, W. S. Loxley ; 3 cases, 13 bales, A. Hort, Sen. ; 2 bales 4 cases, Samuel & Joseph ; 4 cases glass, 14 casks earthenware, J. J. Tame; 2 bales, 1 case, H. St. Hill ; 1 box books, Rev. J. P. O'Reily ; 2 casks W. K. Hulke ; 1 case, E. J. Abbott ; 2 cases, Capt. Sharp ; 1 case, H. Charlton; 1 case, Justice Chapman ; 1 case, Col. Wakefield ; 1 case, Robert Scott ; 1 case, Major Baker ; 1 cask, Dr. Featherston; 1 parcel, Hon. H. Petre ; 1 box, A. de B. Brandon ; 10 hhds. beer, 5 hhds. Brandy, 1 case, 1 box, Samuel & Joseph ; 1 box, 5 puncheons rum, 5 hhds. brandy, Order. Bethune & Hunter, Agents.

New Zealand Spectator and Cook's Strait Guardian, 16 October 1847
ARRIVALS. October 13. " Saghalien, 400 tons, Jones, from London via Nelson. Passengers : Mr. Brown, wife and family, Messrs. Reese, Littlewood, and 10 in the steerage.

New Zealand Spectator and Cook's Strait Guardian, 20 October 1847
ARRIVALS. October 15.  Brig Lady Mary Pelham, 185 tons Wing, from Launceston.
Same day. H. M. S. Calliope, 26 guns, Captain Stanley, from Nelson and Wanganui. Passengers: His Honor Mr. Justice Chapman, Col. Wakefield, Mr. R. Strang, Mr. C. Cator, Mr. C. E. Alzdorf, Mr. Bottomley.
Same day.  Schooner Breeze, 9 tons, Durie, from Ohau.
October 18.  H. M. S. Racehouse, l8 guns, Commander Sotheby, from the Coast.
Same day.  Schooner Triton, 119 tons, Lilewall, from Hobart Town. Passengers: Capt. Darcy, lady and four children, G. R. Lewis, J. Caverhill, 1 corporal, wife and child, 65th Regt. Same day.
Schooner Gipsy, 25 tons, Storey, from Ahuriri.
October 19. Brig Lord Hobart, 161 tons, Johnson, from Kaikoura. Passenger: Mr. Fyfe.

Departures. October 17.  Barque Promise, 440 tons, Hoseason, for Lima. Passengers : Mr. A. Smith and daughter.
Same day.  Ship John Fleming, 607 tons, Hamlin, for Hong Kong.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle 6 February 1847
Arrived. Brig Elora, 350, Turnbull, from London the 3d and the Downs the 10th October.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle 2 October 1847
Arrived September 26, ship Saghalien, 400, Jones, from London. Passengers, Messrs. Reese, Littlewood, and Brown.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle 4 December 1847
Arrived December 3, barque Ralph Bernal, 400, Maclaren, from the Downs the 23d July.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle 11 November 1848
Arrived November 5, barque Bernicia, 400, Arnold, from London via Taranaki.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle 23 December 1848
Arrived December 18, brig Susan, 200, Marshall, from London

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 24 February 1849
Arrived February 24, barque Mary, 400, from London the 4th November, and the Downs the 9th, having made the passage from land to land in 102 days. The Mary has emigrants for this settlement and Otago, with several passengers, whose destination we have been unable to learn.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle 1 September 1849
Arrived August 25, barque Cornwall, 600, Dawson, from London, via Taranaki has a large number of passengers and emigrants for the various settlements, and is commanded by our old acquaintance, Captain Damon, late of the Slains Castle.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 27 October 1849
Arrived October 25, barque Kelso, 500, Innis, from London, via Taranaki.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle 2 February 1850
January 30, barque Berkshire, 582, Whyte, from London. Passengers for Nelson, the Rev. Mr. Wheeler, Mrs. Wheeler, and six children, Mr. and Mrs. Knyvett, and eleven children, Mr. and Mrs. Beacham, Mr. Strange, Mr. McMurdo, Mr. Newson, and 32 in the steerage.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 11 May 1850
Arrived. May 4, brig Torrington, 200, from Wellington ; part of original cargo. Passengers, Messrs. Peacock, and Mr. Brunner.
7, ship, Lady Nugent, 668, Parsons, from London, via Wellington. Passengers, from Wellington , Mr, and Mrs. Fox, and Mr. Smith: from London, 75 passengers.
� schooner Rapid, 25, Porter, from Wellington.
10, Government brig Victoria, 100, Pulham, from Wellington. Passengers, Mr. Justice Chapman, and Mr. Hart.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 13 July 1850
July 11. ship Poictiers, 500, Beale, from London, via Taranaki.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle 7 December 1850
Arrived Dec. 1, ship Phoebe Dunbar, 750, Michie, from London, via Otago and Wellington.

Daily Southern Cross, 28 February 1863, Page 12
passenger list

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 25 October 1866, Page 2
List of IMMIGRANTS for NELSON, embarked on board the WILD DUCK, which vessel sailed from Gravesend for Wellington, on the 12th of August, 1866 :
Andrew Black
Andrew Black
Ann Black
David Black
George Black
Isabella Black
James Black
John Black
Ann Daines
Edward Daines
Walter Dames
Ann Murphy Ann Galbraith
James Galbraith
William Galbraith
Nancy Harvey
Mary Ann Jeffries
Rebecca Jeffries
Alfred Milsom
Francis M'Hale
Daniel O'Connor
Margaret Oliver
Mary Oliver
Mary Oliver
John Oliver
The above immigrants will be transhipped at Wellington to some steamer leaving for Nelson, and may be expected at Nelson a few days after the arrival of the Wild Duck at Wellington. Alfred Greenfield, Immigration Secretary. Immigration Office, Nelson, October 24, 1866.

Evening Post, 29 March 1869, Page 2 PORT OF WELLINGTON.
ARRIVALS. March 28  Ruahine, ss, 1503 tons, Darke, from Sydney
PASSENGER LIST. INWARDS. Per Ruahine : Cabin Miss Burns, Miss Syer, Mm. Harwood, Mrs. Acheson and 2 children, Mrs. Lawson, 2 children, and servant, Messrs. Spratt and Robinson ; 5 in the steerage.
Per Tararua from Melbourne via the South. Cabin  Colonel and Mrs, Kitchener, family (2), and servant, Miss M. Watt, Mr. and Mrs. Mellish, Mrs. Smith, Mrs. M'Farlane and child, Mrs. Carter, Captain Meikieham, Messrs. Rochfort, Stoddarft, Meacham, Graham, 9 in the steerage. 23 saloon and 58 steerage for the North.
Ruahine, ss, for Southampton, via Magellan Straits and Rio do Janeiro, 30th
Wild Duck, ship, for London, Ist

The following passengers are booked from the various New Zealand ports for London per S.S., Ruanhine, which leaves on Tuesday :  From Auckland - Mr and Mrs Graham, Mrs G Smith, Messrs, Walten, Wilkinson, Rayner, and Bowden
From Napier Mrs. Robinson and child, Mrs Hecker and family (4).
From Wanganui  Messrs. Todd and Myers.
From Hokitika Mr J. M'Eldon
From Nelson  Mr. and Mrs. Smith, Mrs. Weedon, Messrs. Carter and Hammond
From Lyttelton  Mrs. Murray Ainslie, family (8), and servant, Miss Reeves, Mr. Redmond, From Otago � Colonel and Mrs Kitchener, family (2), and servant, Mrs and Master M'Farlane, Miss Cassim
From Wellington  Captain and Mrs Benson, family, (8) ?(6) and servants, Mrs, Brown and child, Mr and Mrs Dodson and family (3), Mr and Mrs. Strike and family (3), Mr Mrs and Miss Constauche, Mr. and Mrs. Noel, Mrs. White, Miss Hatchatt, Miss Stormond, Mrs. Carter, Mrs, and Miss Johnston (e), Miss Hecker, (Miss Heeker) Mr. and Mrs. Campbell, Major and Miss Paul, Hon. Waterhouse, Captain Selley (Sedley), Messrs. Smith, Donald (2), Collins, Michaelson, Watt, Crawford, Knapp, Hatfield, Louittit, De Sauty, Studdart.
We understand the Ruahine takes a large amount of gold, some �33,574 worth having arrived here for her by the Alhambra on the 14th instant, from Hokitika and the Grey, and this amount, it is expected, will be supplemented by a further supply in the Rangitoto.

Evening Post, 13 April 1869, Page 2
DEPARTURES. April 11  Wild Duck, ship, 800 tons, Bailie, for London April 12
OUTWARDS. Per Wild Duck  Mr. and Mrs. Smart and family, Mrs. Cheritt and family, Mr. and Mrs. Burgess and son, Dr. and Mrs. Akers, Mrs, Wrentmore, Master Marshall, Miss Jane E. Brown, Mrs Turley and child, Messrs. Holland, Buck, Shorelten, and Master Wrentmore.

Otago Witness, 18 January 1873, Page 14 Wellington 9th Jan.
The Celaeno has arrived from London with ten passengers, all well. She brings some rams, ewes, and lambs for the Hon. Mr Waterhouse, Messrs Taylor, Watt, and others, and also two new racing outriggers for the local Clubs.

Evening Post, 25 August 1876, Page 2
The fine clipper ship Midlothian, owned by Mr. J. Boyd, of Glasgow, and chartered by Messrs Shaw, Saville, and Co., was signalled as arriving off the Heads this morning. She was a vessel of 1086 tons register, and is commanded by Captain Griffiths. She left London on the 7th May. but put back to Blackwall Dock on the following day with her steering gear out of order; left London again on the 19th May, and passed Deal on 20th, and has therefore made a fair passage. She brings a large general cargo, and several passengers, but no Government immigrants. Messrs W. and G. Turnbull and Co. are agents for the Midlothian. The following is her passenger list, as published in the home papers : � Cabin : H. T. Akers, T. W. Sewell, Mr Chislett, and C. W. Tuke. Second cabin : Mr Wharton A. W. Wilson, Emily Wilson, Alice Wilson, Winifred Wilson, Emily Wilson, Wm. Wilson, J. A. Hickman, O. Beir. W. T. Davison, John Davison, and John Milne. Steerage: T. Parkins, G. Christie, Mrs Christie, J. England, J. Weir, and Sarah Weir.

Evening Post, 2 July 1877, Page 2
The N.Z.S. Co.'s Ship City of Madras, which left London on the 11th April for Wellington, has the following saloon passengers : Mr. and Mrs. Laughlan, Mr J. A. Isaacs; 43 emigrants in the steerage. Messrs. Shaw, Saville and Co.'s Endymion (Captain Richardson) left London on 2nd May for Wellington, consigned to Messrs. W. & G. Turnbull and Co., and brings the following passengers : Second cabin  Mr. and Mrs. McCritchon, Alfred Dyson.
Steerage: Mrs. Crawford, Mary Neale, E. Lansdown, L. Shaw, Messrs. Soul, Epps, Morgan, Oliver, and Crawford.
On the 26th April the ships St. Leonards and Zealandia were loading at London for this port, also the Elizabeth Graham.

Evening Post, 13 December 1877, Page 2
Passengers per Messrs. Shaw, Savill & Co.'s Rialto, Captain Babot, which left London for Wellington on the 4th October: Saloon Miss E. Sovern, Miss K Axup, Sister Mary Xavier, Miss O'Neill, Miss Coakley, Mrs. J. P. C. Hill, Charlotte Hill, and Marion Hill. Second Cabin J.H. F. Ayris, W. Mackinder, Charlotte Thompson, C. Grimes, Mr. Wagner, and Miss Ghee. Steerage W.B. Williams, Eliza Williams, Julia Sarre, Julius Sarre, George Elliott, and Isabella Elliott.
Passengers per New Zealand Shipping Co.'s Gainsborough, Captain Carter, which sailed from London on 20th October, and Plymouth on the 26th, for Nelson and Wellington : Saloon Mrs. Bramwell, Miss Annie Bramwell, Rev. Richard Powell, Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Haines, Master W. G. Haines, D. Maberley, and 25O immigrants.

Evening Post, 21 January 1878
The above vessel, a barque of 687 tons, commanded by Captain Cromarty, under charter to Messrs. Shaw, Savill & Co., was signalled as arriving off the Heads about noon to-day from London, but owing to the strong N.W. wind blowing, had not made our harbor up to 4 p.m.- She has made a very fair passage at 82 days from the Start Point, having landed, the pilot there on 31st October. She has beaten the Rialto in the run out by 26 days. The Araby Maid has a large general cargo, and the following is a list of passengers, as published in the European Mail: Saloon Mowbray, Robinson and R.C. Jackson. Second Cabin  J.W. Bushby, Daniel Donnelly, W. Byrne, and F. Hooke. Steerage Edward Valentine, Mrs. M. A. West, R. J. Bates, W. Johnston, Mrs. M. Smith, C Smith, and J. Bellerby. Messrs. Levin & Co are her agents.

Evening Post, 13 March 1879, Page 2
The barque Beatrice, Captain Harris, arrived in our harbor at 0 o'clock this morning, and was brought to an anchor off the wharf by the pilot. She comes from Newport, Monmouthshire, and has on board a cargo of rails and fastenings for the Masterton railway. She left Newport on the 27th of November, and the passage out, with one exception, was marked by a prevalence of light variable weather. When off Tasmania, on the 26th February, she encountered a terrific gale, which lasted 24 hours, but fortunately without damaging the Vessel; made Cape Farewell on Tuesday morning and came into port as above. The Beatrice comes consigned to Messrs. M'Pherson & Co., of Invercargill, who were the successful tenders for supplying the rails for the Masterton railway, and was boarded this morning by Mr. A. Cross, the representative of the firm. The barque is an iron vessel, and has the appearance of being a smart craft. It will probably be a week before there will be an available berth at the wharf.

Evening Post, 24 July 1879, Page 2
Passengers per Messrs. Shaw, Savill & Co.'s Halcione, Captain Parker, which left London for Wellington on the 18th May : Saloon  Mrs. H.C. A., aud A. M. Cornish, George and Thomas Wareham, E. Burns, M. and Mrs. Gardiner; Frank, Kate, Charles, and Mrs Whitcombe; George Walthain, S. McMaster, T. Nicholas, Clara Sketon, Charles King, Walter Broome, Henrietta, James, and Charles Stewart. Second Cabin  E. Millen, S. Gardiner, and Fanny Taylor. Steerage  Robert (2), Matthew, and James Marshall; George Tailby, George Watson, Robert Mitchell, George Cooper, William Frater, Charles, Basil, James, Abbot, and Percy Gardiner; Sopia Sonsen, Patrick and Mary O'Shaw, Dougal and Mrs Gilchrist, Alexander and B. Thompson, and A. and Mrs. Noffke.

Evening Post, 23 August 1879, Page 2
The above vessel was signalled this morning, and had made the passage out from London in 100 days. The Waimea , 848 tons, is one of this New Zealand Shipping Company's vessels, and is Commanded by Captain Maters. The rig of this vessel has been altered to a barque, the Company having decided to 'turn all their 'ships into barques. She came up the harbor and anchored this afternoon. There are no Government immigrants on board. The following is a list of her passengers : Second Cabin  John Lewis and George Little. Steerage � Charles and Jane Jones, Alfred Cox, Eli Butterworth, Thomas Barlow, Joseph Holmes; Anne (2), Johanna, Mary, Bridget. Margaret, Catherine, James (2), John, Patrick (3), and Michael Maher ; William and Edgar Jones, William Dowles, Charles Roberts, William Conway, Edward Berry, and John Lidddall.  

Evening Post, 6 November 1880, Page 2
Passengers per New Zealand Shipping Co.'s Wairoa (Captain Adams), which left London for Wellington on the 18th of August last: Saloon  Misses Ludbrook (2), Williams, Martha Malcolm, Sophia Soames, Mary Giblin, and Mary Badham; Edward Buckle, Harry Lang and John Williams. Second Cabin  Harriet Edward, Alfred Asbenden, and Arthur Benn. Steerage Charles, Ellen, William and George Weild ; Joseph and Elizabeth Johnson ; Edmund and Mary Tipler ; Maynard and Frank Smith ; William (2), Susannah, Caroline, Frederiok and Annie Doughty ; Albert and Otte Rutzner ; John, Robert and Fanny Perrett; Albert Vincent, Peter Crompton, Hugh Tilslev, George Creasey, John Idle, Edward Rogers and Robert Fryett.

Evening Post, 17 December 1881, Page 2 ENGLISH SHIPPING.
Passengers per Messrs. T. Law & Co.'s Perthshire, (Captain Sember, which left Glasgow for Wellington on the 19th October :� Donald (2) Mrs James, George, Margaret, Alexander and John McBear; Mrs, Catherine, Elizabeth, Angus, Archibald, Robert, James, Sarah and Jessie McAlpine; Mary Traill, Isabella Hutchison, Mrs Taylor, Robert Marr, William Caskie and Peter Lamond.

Evening Post, 6 January 1882, Page 2
Messrs. Shaw, Savill & Co.'s ship Margaret Galbraith, 340 tons, Captain T. Fergusson, was signalled this morning, and will beat in this evening. She has made a rather long voyage this time, having left London on the 13th September, but no doubt it will be found to be attributable to her having fallen in with the light winds and calms, which have been reported by several vessels arriving in New Zealand lately. She brings 13 passengers, whose names appear below, and is consigned to Mr. E. Pearce. The following is a list of her passengers: Second Cabin � Mr and Mrs F. Wilson, and Wm. Walters. Steerage� Misses Fisher, Jerwyn and Wilkinson, Mr and Mrs Crisp, Mr and Mrs Bead, Messrs Shepard, Binda and Nutt.

Evening Post, 30 June 1884, Page 2
The barque Hudson, 797 tons, Captain Thomas from London, was brought in by Pilot Holmes at 10 o'clock this morning. She left London on 10th March, and the Downs on 14th; southerly winds prevailed down the Channel, which was cleared on the 17th ; crossed the Equator on the 16th day out from the Downs, and passed the meridian of Greenwich on the 11th May; passed the Auckland Islands on the 23rd June, add made Wellington Heads at 9 this morning. She experienced much about the usual run of weather met with at this time of year. Spoke three vessels, but none of them were from or for New Zealand. Her passengers, whose names appear below, have arrived in good health.

Evening Post, 26 April 1884, Page 2
Passengers per Shaw, Savill and Albion Co.'s Hudson, Captain Thomas, which left London for Wellington on the 10th March, consigned to W. & G. Turnbull & Co. Second Cabin� Miss S. Quinn [Quin] , A. Daykin, Mrs Robey and family (3), R Murland and L. Duval. Steerage Mr and Mrs G. Rose and family, Mr and Mrs Rowbottom, W. and R. Drake, H. Santlenan and S. Harris.

Evening Post, 10 January 1884, Page 2
The first of the Shaw, Savill and Albion Company's chartered steamers for the direct service, which has yet visited this port, the s.s. Victory, is expected to arrive here from Lyttelton on Saturday. The Victory brought out 445 passengers and immigrants to Dunedin. She is described by the Press as being quite a new vessel, having been launched but last year at Stockton-on-Tees by Messrs. Richardson, Duck & Co. She was engined by Messrs. Blair & Co., of Stockton, both hull and machinery being constructed under special survey in accordance with Lloyd's regulations, and she is classed 100A1. Her owners are Messrs. McIntyre Bros., of Newcastle-on-Tyne; The Victory is a screw steamer, of 2848 tons gross measurement, and 1846 tons net. She is rigged as a topsail schooner, and has five iron bulkheads; both upper and lower decks are iron, sheathed with wood ; her poop-deck in 31ft long, hurricane deck 88ft long, and forecastle dock 4Gft long. Her engines are compound inverted cylindrical, the cylinders being 39in and 73in respectively in diameter, while the length of stroke is 48in. Her nominal horse-power is 300, and the boilers are tested to a pressure of 801b to the square inch. She steams 10 knots, on an average consumption of 23 tons of coal per diem, her best day's work during the passage being 295 miles, while the average was 240 miles daily. Her actual steaming time from Plymouth Sound to Otago Harbour was 55 days. On the outward passage she lost one of her propeller blades, an injury which would tend materially to prolong the passage She has been docked at Lyttelton, and undergone the necessary repairs. She brought out about 2000 tons cargo, in addition to the large number of passengers above-named.

Evening Post, 14 April 1898, Page 6 THE GOTHIC
On 19th March the White Star liner Gothic sailed from Plymouth on her twelfth voyage to New Zealand, making Wellington and Lyttelton her first ports of call in the colony. The passengers booked by the vessel were as follows : For Wellington : Saloon Misses Dorman, Tennant, Fullerton-Smith (2), Mesdames Dorman, Grove, Fullerton-Smith, Surtees, Rev. Cameron, Messrs Cosh and valet, Dorman (2), Grove, Openshaw, Mather, Rose, Saunders, Wilson, Thompson, Thomas; steerage Misses Morgan, Herzog, Mrs Herzog, Messrs Ansell, Brown, Campbell, Dunn, Cherray, Davie, Sole, Schofield, Reakes, Morgan, McIntyre, Hunter, Herzog, Masters Herzog (2). For other ports : Saloon Misses Sim, Laidlaw, McLean (2), Herbert, Green, Clark, Christie, Axon, Mesdames Gale, Stewart, Mickle, Gill, Macindoe, McLean, Majors Fox (2), Drs Mickle, Lee, Gale, Christie, Messrs Rollison, McLean ; steerage, 54. There were also 106 passengers of all classes booked for South Africa and Australian ports. The Gothic is due in Wellington on 2nd May.

Taranaki Herald, 19 May 1891, Page 3
TO THE EDITOR. Sir, On looking up my diary, I find that the losses of vessels on the Taranaki coast have been pretty free from loss of life, but I cannot say that for Wellington; for instance, my note book gives me the St. Vincent, ship, lost near Wellington (in Palliser Bay) in 1869, when 18 persons were drowned. The ship Wellington and barque Cyrus, lost near Wellington Heads in 1874, when 7 persons were drowned. Earl of South Esk, barque, lost at Wellington in 1874 ; luckily for those on board it was fine weather, for she went down in five minutes. Then, later on, the Colonist, schooner, was wrecked there with loss of life, and many other vessels, of which I can only remember the names of the Willie McLaren and Rose of Eden. Wellington has a bete-noir de mer, if I can so coin a word, called Toms' Rock, near Terawiti, which the captains of the Falcon, Wakatu, and Heversham know something about, the latter barque being totally lost there, I believe.  I am, &c, Mick Marlinspike.


Wellington Museum - was the City & Sea Museum
Admission free.
Queens Wharf, Wellington, New Zealand
Phone: (04) 472-8904

On the waterfront near the corner of Jervios and Queens Wharves and is open daily. Reopened in November 1999, formerly the Wellington Maritime Museum. Records much of New Zealand's maritime history and Wellington's heritage.  The historic landmark building, the Bond Store built in 1892 houses the museum.  A replica of the interior of the Bond Store greets visitors.  The memorial gallery is dedicated to those lost on the Wahine which shows many of the objects that came off the ship and a short film about the tragedy. Interactive displays plentiful e.g. children can experience what it is like to sail a boat into the harbour.  Holographic images tell viewers some of the early Maori myths and legends which surround Wellington's harbour.

The museum also houses a research facility, an education space and a gift store selling merchandise.
Displays are related to the city's association with ships and the people who sailed in them.  The research room and library is used by those doing maritime or genealogical research. The photo collection (ships, port, historic views of Wellington) is extensive and only a small selection is displayed, enquiries are welcome and request a small donation. The archives contains charts, plans, ship's log books, paintings, memorabilia etc. Comber Index.

Petone Settlers Museum
The Esplanade, Petone (end of Buick Street)
C/- Private Bag 31912, Lower Hutt
Online Passenger Database
- (Wellington only and Wellington as first port of call) between 1839-1897.
The museum has an ongoing project of developing the computerised passenger ship list of Wellington arrivals 1839-1897, now online.

Currently there are four major emigration periods for which surnames may be accessed. These are
(i) The New Zealand Company Period (1839-1850)
(ii) The Provincial Government [Wellington] Period (1853-1870)
(iii) Vogel Government Period (1871-1888)
(iv) Social Security Period (1886-1910 - records currently finish at 1897).

Data has been sourced from:
The Alexander Turnbull Library
Archives New Zealand
Wellington Public Library
NZ Society of Genealogists
The Museum of Wellington City and Sea.

"Rice and porridge and soup,
Molasses and raisins and rice;
Such nasty porridge and vile pea soup,
One's palate need not be nice.
Salt beef and salter pork,
Till we sadly wish we were sent to 'quod'
To get the fare of a thief!"

Written by Mr J.L. Kelly, 1881, a passenger on "The Algo Bay", brief diary extracts are in 'White Wings' by Brett


Star, 13 June 1896, Page 3
Jinker: "What is your son doing now?
Blinker: "He's not doing anything at present; he's a clerk in a Government office."