91st PA: John W Bender

John W Bender

Note

Although Bates lists him as drafted, he was almost certainly a volunteer. First, he was mustered in on 16 August 1862, but the draft did not start until 1863. Second, he received a bounty, which was given only to volunteers. Finally, the company G descriptive rolls do not list him as drafted. [sources: 9, 10]

Before the war

He was born in 1832/33, in Baltimore, Maryland, apparently to John A Bender and Acsah [unknown surname]. [sources: date: 9 (28 in 1862), 10 (29 in 1862), 12 (27 in 1860), 14 (16 in 1850), 15 (37 in 1870). place: 9, 10, 12, 14, 15 parents: 12, 14]

In 1850, he was living in ward 4, Southwark, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with his apparent parents John A and Acsah Bender, and with Susan and Jacob (presumably siblings). He was farming. [source: 14]

In 1859/1860, he married Abby [unknown surname]. [source: 12]

In 1860, he was living in the 14th ward of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at 1213 Myrtle Street. He was living with Abby (presumably his wife, since they had both been married within the year), and with Achsah (presumably his mother). He was a dental worker, and owned $200 in personal property. [sources: 12, 16]

When he enlisted, he was a toothmaker or dentist. [sources: 9 (toothmaker), 10 (dentist)]

Perhaps the Jacob Bender who served in the 91st is his brother. (Note in particular their occupations, and the 1850 census below.)

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 5 inches tall, and had a dark complexion, brown eyes, and black hair. [sources: 9 (5'5"), 10 (5'6")]

During the war

He enlisted and was mustered into service on 16 August 1862. He was enlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Lieutenant Closson or Lieutenant Pierce. He served as a private in company G. [sources: 1, 9 (Closson), 10 (Pierce), 25]

He was paid a $25.00 bounty and a $4.00 premium. [source: 9]

He was wounded at the Battle of Frederickburg, by being hit by a shell. He was received at Campbell Hospital on 17 December 1862. [source: 13]

He was returned to duty from the hospital on 4 March 1864. [source: 5]

On 16 December 1863, either he or Jacob Bender was detailed as nurse to Captain Faust, who died two days later. [source: 3]

On 17 December 1863, he was received at Campbell Hospital, because of a shell wound. [source: 11]

On 30 December 1863, Sinex reported that he was one of 30 men who had more than fifteen months to serve who were willing to reenlist. On 2 January 1864, he was transferred to the 155th Pennsylvania Infantry, while those eligible were on veterans' leave. While he was in the 155th PA, he was detailed as stretcher bearer. He was still detailed as a stretcher bearer in September (?) 1864. [sources: 2, 6, 7]

On 15 April 1864, Lieutenant Colonel Sinex recommended him for a detail, in compliance with general order 18 (8 April 1864) from the Army Headquarters. He does not say what the detail was for. [source: 4]

He was discharged near Washington, DC, by general order 26, War Department, on 1 June 1865 or 30 March 1865 by general order. He was a private, in company G. [sources: 1 (30 Mar), 8 (1 Jun), 25]

After the war

He seems to have married Sallie [unknown surname]. (Perhaps she is the same person as the Abby he married in 1859/60.) They seem to have had at least three children:

[sources: 15, 17, 18, 19]

On 25 October 1866, Mary W Bender was born to John W and Sallie Bender in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [source: 17]

On 19 August 1867, his apparent daughter Mary Bender died. She died of cholera infantum. She died at 1224 Myrtel [sic] Street, ward 14, Philadelphia. On 19 August 1867, she was buried in American Mechanics Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [source: 20]

On 22 September 1867, John Wesley Bender was born to John and Sallie Bender in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [source: 18]

On 2 August 1868, his apparent son John Bender died. He died at 1224 Myrtle Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He died of cholera infantum. On 4 August 1868, he was buried in American Mechanics Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [sources: 21, 24]

On 5 September 1868, Charles W Bender was born to John W and Sallie Bender in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [source: 19]

On 14 July 1869, his apparent son Charles Bender died. He died of cholera infantum. He died on 827 Judson Street, ward 15, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. On 16 July 1869, he was buried in American Mechanics Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [source: 22]

In 1870, he was living in ward 14, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living at 827 Judson Street. He was living with his apparent wife Sallie. He was an artificial tooth maker. [sources: 15, 16]

In 1875, he was still a toothmaker, living at 827 Judson Street. [source: 16]

On 5 July 1878, Sallie B Bender died, in Camden, Camden County, New Jersey. (I do not know whether she was John W Bender's wife.) She died of phthisis pulmonalis. She was buried in American Mechanics Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [source: 23]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)

2 letter, Sinex to Marvin, 30 December 1863

3 special order 116, HQ 91st PA, 16 December 1863

4 letter, Sinex to Marvin, 15 April 1864

5 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 4 March 1864 (John W Bender)

6 [list of detailed men, probably from Sept 1864] (John W Bender)

7 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 2 January 1864 (Bender)

8 company G, register of men discharged, #59 (John W Bender)

9 company G, descriptive roll, #95 (John W Bender)

10 company G, second descriptive roll, entry [12] (John W Bender [?])

11 'The battle of Fredericksburg Va: list of killed and wounded', Philadelphia Inquirer, 20 December 1862, page 3 (JW Bender)

12 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 14th ward, 1st division, microfilm series M653, film 1164, page 353 = 353 handwritten (Jno A Bender)

13 'The Battle of Frederickburg, Va', Philadelphia Inquirer 20 December 1862 page 3 (J W Bender)

14 1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Southwark, ward 4, microfilm series M432, film 822, page 320 = 675 handwritten (FamilySearch) (John Bender)

15 1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 14, district 41, microfilm series M593, film 1400, page 144 recto = 83 handwritten (FamilySearch) (John W Bender)

16 Philadelphia city directories

17 [not transcribed] abstract of birth register, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1866, page 280 (FamilySearch) (Mary W Bender born to John W and Sallie Bender)

18 [not transcribed] abstract of birth register, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1867, page 234 (FamilySearch ) (John Wesley Bender born to John and Sallie Bender)

19 [not transcribed] abstract of birth register, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1868, page 222 (FamilySearch) (Chas W Bender born to John W and Sallie Bender)

20 [not transcribed] death certificate, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 19 August 1867 (FamilySearch) [note that the FamilySearch index has the cemetery as 'Arnle'; I think it's 'AMC'] (Mary Bender daughter of J Wesley and Sarah Bender)

21 [not transcribed] death certificate, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 4 August 1868, John W Bender (1224 Myrtle) (FamilySearch)

22 [not transcribed] death certificate, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 1869, Charles Bender (FamilySearch)

23 burial permit, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 5 July 1878, FamilySearch (Sallie Bender)

24 individual record, John W Bender, died 2 August 1868

25 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (John W Bender)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1880 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 5 May 2013)
1890 US census, veterans' schedules
Ancestry index (accessed June 2007)
1900 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 5 May 2013)
1910 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 5 May 2013)
1920 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 5 May 2013)
1930 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 5 May 2013)
1930 US census
FamilySearch index (accessed 9 Sep 2013)
Philadelphia death register
no Abby Bender (accessed 1 May 2013)
Find a grave
no John Bender buried in Philadelphia (accessed 9 Sep 2013)
American Mechanics Cemetery: no Bender entries (accessed 1 May 2013)
RootsWeb WorldConnect
searched for John Bender born 1832 +/- 5 (accessed 9 Sep 2013)
no Charles Bender died 1869 (accessed 4 May 2013)
Ancestry family trees
no Charles Bender died 1869 (accessed 4 May 2013)
FamilySearch FamilyTree
no Charles Bender died 1869 (accessed 4 May 2013)
Pennsylvania veterans burial cards, 1777-1999
Ancestry index (accessed 5 May 2013)
applications for headstones for military veterans, 1925-1941
FamilySearch index (accessed 5 May 2013)
records of headstones of deceased union veterans, 1879-1903
FamilySearch index (accessed 9 Sep 2013)
Philadelphia death certificates
FamilySearch index (accessed 9 Sep 2013)
no John Bender's born in Maryland; two John Bender's born 1830-1835
(1) John F Bender, born 1834 Washington DC, died 13 July 1888, buried Mount Peace on 17 July 1888; a coal agent, at 3117 Dauphin St (FamilySearch)
(2) John Bender, died 11 May 1871 Philadelphia (FamilySearch--no image was available when I searched)
     no reference in Philadelphia Inquirer death notices for 11 May 1871 (p.5), 12 May 1871 (p.5), 13 May 1871 (p.4), 15 May 1871 (p.5), and 16 May 1871 (p.5)
     no reference in Public Ledger death notices for 11 May 1871 (p.2), 13 May 1871 (p.2), 15 May 1871 (p.2), 16 May 1871 (p.2)

Display


John W Bender in the 91st PA gedcom on RootsWeb WorldConnect

John W Bender in the 91st PA database

1850 census

[1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Southwark, ward 4, microfilm series M432, film 822, page 320 = 675 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is likely, since (1) his birthplace matches the birthplace in the company descriptive books (entries 9 and 10 above), and his apparent mother ("Acsah") matches the apparent mother in the 1860 census]
line45678
Dwellings visited1125    
Families visited1307    
NameJohn A. BenderAcsah "Susan "John "Jacob "
Age5247181611
SexMFFMM
Color     
Occupation of males over 15 yearsBricklayer  Farming 
Real estate owned     
Birthplace" [sc. Penna]New JerseyPennaMarylandPenna
Married within year     
Attended school within year     
Over 20 & can't read/write     
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.     

1860 census

[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 14th ward, 1st division, microfilm series M653, film 1164, page 353 = 353 handwritten (FamilySearch]
[note that the FamilySearch index has the surname as 'Binder' (which I agree is possible, although no dot is visible above the letter) and John's age as '57' (which I think is wrong, although the '2' is written sloppily]
[identification is probable, since (1) his birthplace and (2) his occupation match those listed in the company descriptive books (entries 9 and 10 above)]
[that this is 1213 Myrtle is clear from the following data:]
census 1861 city directory
household/familynameoccupation referenceentry
2275/2549Jos [?] Eddlemanstone mason Sherman's p.270'Eddleman Joseph W., stonemason, 1205 Myrtle'
2276/2550Jae [?] Riffertsempstress [not on 1861 Sherman's p.828]
do Jason Riffertbuilder [no but see 1861 Sherman's p.828: 'Riffers Jacob, butcher, 447 N 2d, h 1207 Myrtle']
2277/2551Jno A Benderdental worker Biddle's p.57'Bender James W., mechanical dentist, 528 Arch, h 1213 Myrtle'
2278/2552Matilda Hinklewidow [not on Sherman's p.444]
do Chasbartender Sherman's p.443'Hinkle Charles, bartender, 1215 Myrtle'
do Geolampmaker [not on 1861 Sherman's pp.443-4]
do Andw [?] Bittnig [sic]tailor Biddle's p.70'Bitting Andrew, tailor, 1215 Myrtle'
do Wm Bittnig [sic]tailor [not on 1861 Biddle's p.70]
2279/2253Jas A Napierturner Sherman's p.732'Napier James, turner, 1217 Myrtle'
2280/2254Jno Nolanlaborer Sherman's p.743'Nolan James, bricklayer [sic], 1219 Myrtle'
2281/2555Eliz Hainessempstress [not on 1861 Sherman's p.390]
2282/2556Geo Wilsoncarpenter Sherman's p.1071several carpenters no carpenters on Myrtle
  Sherman's p.401'Hans Elizabeth, widow Frederick, 1221 Myrtle'
2283/2557Geo Kensilmachinist Sherman's p.518'Kensil George, machinist, 1225 Myrtle'
line131415
Dwelling number2277  
Family number2551  
NameJno A BenderAbbyAchsah
Age272757
Sexmff
Color   
OccupationDental Worker  
Value of real estate owned   
Value of personal estate200  
Place of birthMarylandN Jersey"
Married within year11 
Attended school within year   
Cannot read & write   
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.   

1870 census

[1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 14, district 41, microfilm series M593, film 1400, page 144 recto = 83 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is probable, since (1) his occupation and (2) his birthplace match the occupation listed in the company descriptive books (entries 9 and 10 above), but note (1) that his apparent wife does not seem to match his apparent wife in the 1860 census above]
line1314
Dwelling-house number539 
Family number640 
NameBender John W- Sallie
Age3729
SexMF
ColorWW
Occupationartificial tooth makerKeeping house
Real estate value  
Personal estate value500 
BirthplaceMarylandNew Jersey
Father foreign born  
Mother foreign born  
Birth month if born within year  
Marriage month if married within year  
Attended school past year  
Can't read  
Can't write  
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.  
Male US citizen at least 21 years old1 
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...  

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 10 Mar 2014, from Fold3]


Bender John W.
Co. G, 91 Pennsylvania Inf
Pvt | Pvt
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

[wounded at Fredericksburg]

[Philadelphia Inquirer 20 December 1862 page 3]
THE BATTLE OF FREDERICKSBURG, VA.
LIST OF KILLED AND WOUNDED.
[I have transcribed only members of the 91st PA, without noting ellipses; note that many of the entries were very hard to read--I may well have missed some]

The following is a list of wounded received at Campbell Hospital December 17, 1862, J. H. BANTER, Surgeon in Charge--


J W Bender, Co G, 91st Pa, by shell [illegible]

Philadelphia city directories

[transcribed from GenealogyBank, 1 May 2013]
1861 Biddle's p.57
'Bender James W., mechanical dentist, 528 Arch, h 1213 Myrtle' [no John dentist; note 'Bender Susan R., artificial teeth, 430 Garden'; did not see others on Myrtle]
1862 Biddle's/McElroy's p.41
no relevant entries except 'Bender Jno., farmer [sic], 1224 Myrtle'
1866 McElroy's pp.72-3
no obviously relevant entries
1871 Gopsill's p.208
'Bender John W., toothmaker, h 827 Judson'
1876 Gopsill's p.168
'Bender John W., toothmaker, h 827 Judson'
1881 Gopsill's p.168
no John or John W Bender toothmaker or 827 Judson; no Sallie; no Sarah wid John; no Abbie
1879 [Gopsill's] p.168:
no John or John W toothmaker or 827 Judson no Sallie no Sarah wid John no Abbie
1877 Gopsill's p.167
no John or John W toothmaker or 827 Judson no Sallie no Abbie p.168 no Sarah wid John

burial permit for spouse [?]

[burial permit, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 5 July 1878, FamilySearch]
[transcribed 1 May 2013, from FamilySearch]

FORM D
STATE OF NEW JERSEY.
PERMIT OF BURIAL.
Penalty for Burying Without a Permit, $50.
County of Camden
City of Camden, July 9th 1878.

The Certificate of Death having been furnished to me, as required by the Laws of this State, I hereby issue to J V Middleton this Permit for the Burial of Sallie B Bender aged 38 yrs 10 m, who died at Camden, in the County of Camden on July 5th 1878; the cause of death being Phthisis Pulmonalis

Place of Burial Mechanics Cem, Philada
(Signed by) Frank F Richellou [??]
City Clerk
Camden NJ
Name of Undertaker, J V Mittleton

cemetery record

[individual record, John W Bender, died 2 August 1868]
[received from Philadelphia Memorial Park, May 2013]
[the accompanying letter says: 'Enclosed please find the only record we have for John W. Bender']


I.B. No. 124
NAME John W. Bender
Permit No. 7300
Age [blank] Yrs. 10 Mths. [blank] Days
Date Died 8/2/1868
Date BURIED 8/4/1868
DIV. G SEC. 15 LOT 11 GRAVE 1 DEPTH 6 2
DISINTERRED Date MAY 12 1951
REINTERRED Date MAY 15 1951
Place PLACED IN GRAVE 1 OF ABOVE LOT PHILA MEMORIAL PARK
Lot Owner: [blank]

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revised 10 Mar 14
contact Harry Ide at hide1@unl.edu with comments or questions