He was born in 1831/32 (5 (30 in 1862), 7 [32 at death in 1864]). He was born in Donegal, Ireland (5, 32).
When he enlisted, he was a labor[er] (5).
When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 7-1/2 inches tall, and had a light complexion, blue eyes, and light hair (5).
He enlisted and was mustered into service on 27 September 1862 (1, 5). He was enlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Captain Sinex (5). He was mustered in service by Captain Dye (5). He served as a private in company D (1, 10).
He apparently deserted--but the "register of deserters" claims he deserted on 15 January 1861 (3). He was arrested by military authorities, and returned to the regiment (3).
In August 1862, he was tried by court martial (8). He was tried for desertion (9). He was sentenced to forfeit all pay due until the end of the sentence, and to be confined for thirty days with a bail and chain attached to him, and to have only bread and water for fourteen of those days (9).
He fought at the Battle of Gettysburg (6).
On 6 October 1863, he returned from hospital (2).
He reenlisted as a veteran volunteer (1).
He died of disease (chronic diarrhea), at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 27 January 1864 (1) or 24 January 1864 (2) or 25 January 1864 (7). He died at, or was buried from, 807 Essex Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (7). He was a US soldier (7). He was a private in company D (10). He was single (7). On 27 January 1864, he was buried, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (7).
1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)
2 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 6 October 1863 (P Dougherty)
3 company D, register of deaths (James Dougherty)
4 company D, register of deserters (James Dougherty)
5 company D, descriptive roll, privates, entry 4 (James Dougherty)
6 Pennsylvania Memorial, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (James Dougherty)
7 death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 25 January 1864 (James Dougherty)
8 National Archives Archival Research Catalog (accessed 24 July 2010) (James Dougherty)
9 'From Washington' (Philadelphia Inquirer 25 September 1862, page 4) (James Dougherty)
10 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (James Dougherty)