He was born in 1821/25, in Scotland.
date: 8 (39 in 1861), 9 (35 in 1861; muster-out roll has 41), 16, 17 (35 in 1860).
place: 8, 16, 17]
In July 1848, he immigrated to the US.
On 6 July (or February?) 1849, he married Margaret Edwards, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
They were married by the Reverend David H Lyons, pastor of the First Associate Presbyterian Church.
She was born on 8 May 1820, in Scotland.
They had eight children, five of whom were living in 1864:
George Hood (born 20 June 1852)
James Hood (born 3 June 1855)
Samuel Hood (born 26 March 1858)
Robert Hood (born 26 March 1858)
Ellen E Hood (born 28 April 1861)
[sources: 15, 17 (Mgt was 34 in 1860), 18 (Mgt was 40 in 1870), 19 (Mgt was 52 in 1880), 21, 23]
Perhaps he is the James Hood living in Middle Ward, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, in 1850.
If so, he was a copper plate printer.
However, he was apparently not living with Margaret then.
In 1860, he was living in ward 23, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
He was living with his wife Margaret, and their children George, James, Robert, and Samuel.
He was a weaver, and owned $200 in personal property.
When he enlisted, he was a weaver.
When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 7 inches tall, and had a dark complexion, blue eyes, and black hair.
[sources: 8, 9]
During the war
He enlisted and was mustered into service at Philadelphia Pennsylvania, on 11 November 1861.
He was mustered in as a private in company H.
He had rifle number 74 [??].
[sources: 1, 8, 9, 15 (enlisted 8 Nov), 24]
Charges were brought against him at some point; on 19 November 1863, Gregory reported that he had been held by the provost marshall guard after his arrest, until the physician ordered him returned to the regiment because of illness.
He was buried in the National Cemetery at the City Point National Cemetery, section D, division 1, grave 147.
The Record of the Federal Dead lists him as being originally buried on Prince George Road, one-half mile east of Meade Station; other soldiers from this same area were moved to Poplar Grove Cemetery, but most of them are now listed as unknown soldiers at Poplar Grove.
According to the National Cemetery interment control card, he was originally buried at Point of Rocks, Virginia.
[sources: 1; 2 (section E), 5, 9, 10, 20, 22]
After the war
On 30 August 1864, his widow, Margaret Hood, applied successfully for a pension from Pennsylvania, under the Act of 14 July 1862.
Her post office address was Harrowgate Lane and Plank Road, in ward 23, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
(On 23 July 1864, Captain James H Closson certified facts about James Hood's death, supporting her application.)
Her application was accepted on 17 February 1864, and she initially received $8 per month, retroactive to 19 June 1864.
[sources: 11, 13, 15]
On 11 August 1866, Margaret Hood applied for an increase in pension under the Act of 25 July 1866.
Her post office address was Frankford, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Her application was accepted on 6 August 1867, and she received an additional $2 per month for each child less than sixteen years old.
On 22 September 1868, Margaret Hood married John Taylor.
He was an awl maker, was born in England in 1830/1831, and emigrated from England in 1862.
He initially boarded with a friend and neighbor of Margaret Hood's.
They were married by Reverend Samuel Tweedale, in an Episcopal ceremony.
On 9 April 1869, Margaret Taylor was appointed guardian of her and James Hood's children, on $500 security.
On 12 April 1869, Margaret Taylor, guardian of James Hood's minor children, applied successfully from Pennsylvania for a pension.
Her post office address was Harrowgate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Her application was accepted on 22 April 1869, and she received the same amount she had been receiving before she remarried--$8 per month and $2 additional for each child less than sixteen years old.
[sources: 11, 13, 15]
In 1870, Margaret Taylor was living in ward 25, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
She was living with her second husband, John Taylor, with her children by James Hood (George, James, Samuel, Robet, and Ellen), and with Henry Summerfield.
John was an awl maker, and James and Henry Summerfield worked at awl making, while George was a farm laborer.
In 1880, Margaret Taylor was living at 2510 Kensington Avenue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
She was living with her second husband, John Taylor, and with two of her children by James Hood, Eliza and Robert.
John was an awl maker, and Robert was a carder in a mill.
On 11 December 1875, Margaret Hood's pension was suspended.
As far as I can judge from the Special Agent's report, the propriety of her application had come into question--at least, the Special Agent questioned whether the signature on the declaration was hers, and where she and her witnesses had been sworn.
Special Agent M E Jenks was able to confirm the crucial claims, and the Chief of the Widow's Division recommended '[t]hat a proper application be obtained and suspension be then removed'.
She submitted several applications, and eventually (on 25 May 1877) submitted one that was accepted.
On 28 May 1877, her pension was resumed.
In 1890, he was living in Landis, Cumberland County, New Jersey.
(Presumably either his widow Margaret Taylor was living there, or--more likely--some other, more significant, mistake was made.)
On 30 January 1903, John Taylor died, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
He died of paralysis.
He was buried in Hillside Cemetery, Roslyn, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania.
On 2 April 1903, Margaret Taylor applied for a restoration of her pension, under the Act of 3 March 1901
Her application was accepted on 19 August 1903, and she received $12 per month, retroactive to 2 April 1903.
[sources: 15, 23]
On 9 May 1906, his widow, Margaret Taylor, died, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
On 12 May 1906, she was buried, from the residence of her son, George Hood, Limekiln Pike and Earthurn [?] Street, Pittville.
[sources: 15, 21]
On 4 February 1909, Margaret Taylor was dropped from the pension rolls.
She was last paid, at $12 per month, through 4 May 1906.
1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233.
(In the roster)
15widow's pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, widow's certificate WC 41,394
(Margaret Edwards widow of James Hood)
161850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Middle Ward, microfilm series M432, film 814, page 76 recto = 151 handwritten (FamilySearch)
171860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 23, division 2, microfilm series M653, film 1174, page 520 = 82 handwritten
181870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 25, district 82, post office Bridesburg, microfilm series M593, fil 1412, page 36 verso = 72 handwritten
191880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 381, microfilm series T9, film 1179, page 471 = 25 A handwritten (FamilySearch)
20 Find a Grave, memorial 3,073,009 (imported from US Veteran's Affairs, added 4 March 2000, accessed 26 October 2012)
21death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 9 May 1906
[note: I did not transcribe this, and when I looked at it was unable to see the actual certificate; my notes above are based on FamilySearch's abstract]
24index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations
from the state of Pennsylvania
Sources checked unsuccessfully
1900 US census
Ancestry and FamilySearch indices (accessed 26 October 2012)
a Margaret Taylor, born May 1820 in Ireland, widowed, with 5 living children (6 total), was living with her son-in-law Daniel J Weaver and his wife Elizabeth (b. Mar 1855)
this Margaret is not my Margaret; she was still alive in 1910, and living with Daniel and Elizabeth in the 1910 census (ward 32, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, microfilm series T624, film 1403, page 171 = 1 A handwritten (FamilySearch)
1910 US census
Ancestry and FamilySearch indices (26 October 2012)
1920 US census
Ancestry and FamilySearch indices (26 October 2012)
1930 US census
Ancestry and FamilySearch indices (26 October 2012)
Find a grave
did not locate Margaret Taylor (accessed 26 October 2012)
Pennsylvania veterans burial cards, 1777-1999
Ancestry index (accessed 27 October 2012)
James Hood in the 91st PA gedcom on RootsWeb WorldConnect
[1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Middle Ward, microfilm series M432, film 814, page 76 recto = 151 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[I did not transcribe the eighteen other people in this household, which did not include anyone else with the family name 'Hood', but did include five people with the family name 'Edwards']
[identification is speculative; I have not found any other candidates, but he is not living with Margaret although they were apparently married in 1849, and his occupation is very different from his later occupation (weaver); I am not at all confident this is the James Hood who served in the 91st]
[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 23, division 2, microfilm series M653, film 1174, page 520 = 82 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[note that the FamilySearch indexer read the surname as 'Reed'; I'm reasonably confident it's 'Hood' (as in Ancestry's index), based on the children's names, but the page is light enough that the entries are very hard to read; HeritageQuest's digitization of the page is much darker and is clear]
[identification is confirmed, given his occupation (which matches the occupation listed on the ARIAS card), and the spouse's and children's names and ages, which match the names in the widow's pension certificate file abstracted below]
[1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, ward 25, district 82, post office Bridesburg, microfilm series M593, fil 1412, page 36 verso = 72 handwritten]
[identification is confirmed by John Taylor's name and the children's names and ages, which match the evidence in the widow's pension certificate file below]
works at Awl Making
works at Awl making
Real estate value
Personal estate value
Father foreign born
Mother foreign born
Birth month if born within year
Marriage month if married within year
Attended school past year
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.
Male US citizen at least 21 years old
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...
[1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 381, microfilm series T9, film 1179, page 471 = 25 A handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is confirmed; see the note on the 1870 census entry transcribed above]
[1890 US census, veterans' schedule, New Jersey, Cumberland County, Landis, supervisor's district 3, enumeration district 39]
[identification is speculative, despite the explicit reference to his service; I have no reason to believe that Margaret ever left Philadelphia--checking the Philadelphia city directories might provide some additional information]
[name] Hood, James
[unit] 91 Penn Inf
[enlistment date] 11 Nov 1861
[discharge date] 25 Dec 1863
[length of service] 4 [sic] years, [blank] months, [blank] days
[post office address] Vineland P.6 [?] N.J.
[disability incurred] [blank]
[dependents' pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, widow's certificate WC 128,443, minors of James Hood]
[abstracted from 3 pages on Fold3, 6 May 2014]
consolidated with widows' certificate 41,394, renewal under the Act of 3 March 1901 (p.2)
"admitted files" 24 September 1903 (p.2)
Jas R [ended] 2 June 1871; Sam'l and Robt [ended] 25 March 1874; Ellen E [ended] 23 April 1877 (p.3)
[widow's pension certificate file, National Archives and Records Administration, record group 15, widow's certificate WC 41,394, Margaret Edwards widow of James Hood]
[abstracted October 2012, from 76 pages on Fold3]
6 July 1849
married Margaret Edwards, at Philadelphia PA, by Rev D H Lyons, pastor of 1st Associate Presbyterian Church (pp.4, 10 (John C Lyons), 12)
(David H Lyons is the person who had custody of the marriage records (p.12))
summary has 6 February 1859 (p.3), as does affidavit for restoration (p.49)
declaration has 6 July 1849 (pp.4, 12)
copy of marriage record has 6 February 1849 (pp.10, 39)
five children living when Margaret applied for a pension: George (b. 20 June 1852), James (b. 3 June 1855), Samuel and Robert (b. 26 Mar 1858), Ellen E (born 28 Apr 1861) (pp.4, 29 [James 2 June 1855, Robert and Samuel 25 March 1858], 39)
8 Nov 1861
James Hood enlisted in the 91st PA at Philadelphia (p.31)
John Taylor (later wife of Margaret nee Edwards) came from England (p.47)
he boarded with a friend and neighbor of Margaret (Edwards) Hood's (p.47)
24 Dec 1863
enlisted at Bealton VA (p.6)
mustered in on 26 Dec as private, veteran, at Bealton VA (p.6)
18 June 1864
died in Division Hospital, near Petersburg PA, of wounds received in action at Petersburg (pp.4, 6, 31)
declaration and Captain's certificate averred 19 June 1864 (pp.4, 38, 39)
declaration for guardian's pension avers 19 June (p.29)
23 July 1864
James H Closson, at Camp near Petersburg VA, certified that James Hood died in the Division Hospital near Petersburg on 19 Jun 1864 of wounds received in battle there (p.37)
30 Aug 1864
Margaret Hood applied for a pension under the act of 14 July 1862, from Philadelphia PA (p.4)
post office: Harrowgate Lane and Plank Road, ward 23, Philadelphia PA (p.5)
dated 14 July 1864 (p.4)
attorney W N Ashman Philadelphia PA (p.4)
witnesses Elizabeth Jamison Eliza J Farley (both residents of Philadelphia) (pp.4-5)
application 63,068 (pp.6, 23)
admitted 17 February 1864, at $8 per month retroactive to 19 June 1864 (pp.3, 22)
certificate 41,394 dated 21 Feb 1865 (p.22)
13 Dec 1864
the Pension Office sent circular 16 to the Adjutant General's office (p.24)
23 Dec 1864
the Adjutant General's Office sent the above-summarized information to the Pension Office (p.6; see pp.7, 23 for the request)
6 Jan 1865
evidence of marriage returned to the attorney to be perfected (p.24)
'It does not appear from what kind of a record this is a copy, nor by what authority the person signing the same acts' (p.13)
11 Aug 1866
Margaret Hood applied for the increase in pension under the Act of 25 July 1866 (p.39)
45 years old (p.39)
post office address: Frankford P.O. Phila. Pa. (p.39)
other information as above (except that the marriage date on the brief is given as 6 February 1865!) (pp.36, 39 [no year])
attorney W N Ashman (p.39)
witnesses Matilda Sweeney and Jannett Boardman (p.39)
accepted 6 August 1867, for an additional $2 per month for each child less than 16 (pp.36, 57)
certificate dated 17 Aug 1867 (p.57)
14 Aug 1866
Robt Burns MD (A Asst Surgeon USA) affirmed that he attended Margaret Hood professionally during her delivery of these children: George Hood (b. 20 June 1852), James R Hood (b. 3 June 1855), Samuel & Robt Hood born 26 March 1858, and Ellen [sic] E Hood (b. 24 [sic] April 1861 (p.18)
22 September 1868
John Taylor (awl maker, born England, 37, living in Philadelphia) married Margaret Hood (born Scotland, 39, living in Frankford) (pp.14, 16, 29, 31 , 47, 52)
married by Rev Saml Tweedale in an Episcopal ceremony (p.14)
certified copy received by the Pension Office on 11 March 1867 (p.17)
certified copy received by the Pension Office on 12 June 1903 (p.14)
6 March 1869
the Orphans Court of Philadelphia County appointed Margaret Tayor guardian of George, James R, Samuel, Robert, and Ellen C Hood, on $500 security (p.27)
9 April 1869
Margaret Taylor, 40 years old, resident of Philadelphia, guardian of James R, Samuel, Robert, and Ellen E Hood, applied for a pension (pp.29, 69)
her post office: Harrowgate, Philadelphia, PA (p.29)
application 70,900 (p.29)
attorney Joseph E Devitt & Company (pp.29, 71)
apparently accepted 22 April 1869, for $8 per month retroactive to 23 September 1868, with $2 additional for each child less than 16 years old (p.35)--but note that the brief has written on it '128,443', which seems to be the application number for the application filed 25 May 1877 (but perhaps that number was written on it later, after Margaret Taylor applied for the pension to be restored) (p.35)
certificate dated 29 April 1869 (p.71)
9 April 1869
Elizabeth J Frederick and Jane Jenkins, residents of Philadelphia, testified in support of Margaret Taylor's application for pension (p.30)
21 Apr 1869
Margaret Hood's pension certificate file was incorporated in the file for application 174,048 by Margaret Taylor, guardian (p.58)
20 July 1874
"Plu clause erase Certf. to Pen. Agt." (p.72)
11 Dec 1875
Margaret Hood's pension was suspended (p.68, 72)
17 Aug 1876
the findings [?] were sent [?] to the guardian (p.72)
11 Oct 1876
'Cond [??] to Margaret Taylor' (p.72)
27 Dec 1876
Elizabeth Jamison testified to M E Jenk (p.64)
63 years old, residence 2330 North [illegible] St, Philadelphia (p.64)
native of Scotland, immigrated to US in July 1848, knew James Hood and his family in Scotland (p.64)
James Hood came to the US shortly before she did. about a year after she came he was married to Margaret Edwards by Rev John Lyon (p.64)
James and Margaret Hood cohabited continuously from about 1849 until his death in 1864 (p.64)
they had 7-8 children, three of whom died before James (p.64)
27 Dec 1876
Margaret Taylor, 52, living at 2511 [2311???] Jasper St Philadelphia PA, testified to special agent M E Jenks (p.65)
she 'heard read her declaration and declares the facts therein set forth are true and she herewith affirms the same that her signature by X is genuine and that she was sworn in the office of her atty Devitt + co.' (p.65)
her witnesses were sworn at the same time and place (p.65)
she had eight children by James Hood, five under sixteen when she applied for pension (p.65)
Rev John C Lyon left the 1st Associate Presbyterian Church before the war, and died some years ago (p.66)
no relatives of James Hood were living in the US when he died (p.66)
she has a sister, Catharine Dugan, at South and Juniper, and a sister Jane Jenkins in Sepviva St below [illegible] (p.66)
27 Dec 1876
Robert Burns, resident of Frankford Philadelphia PA, swore that his affidavit of 15 [?] Aug 1866 was correct (p.67)
30 Dec 1876
special agent ME Jenks reported that Dr Burns reaffirmed his former affidavit about the dates of births of the children and reaximined his private records in Jenk's presence; Ishule Lyon 'died several years ago', and the widow of John C Lyons had his church records which had the marriage of James Hood and Margaret Edwards 'regularly entered February 6. 1849'; old residents of Harrowgate confirmed that the soldier and mother of the minors cohabited for years (pp.25-26 [undated])
special agent M E Jenkis reported that he had investigated the execution of the declaration, and the general merits of the case and submitted his report (p.68)
4 Jan 1877
special agent M E Jenk reported in the case of the widow of James Hood, [application] 128,443 (p.62)
the case was referred to W H Webster, Chief of the Widow's Division; he recommended 'That a proper application be obtained and suspension be then removed' (p.62)
1 March 1877
the pension office [received] a new declaration (p.72)
30 March 1877
Margaret Taylor, resident of Philadelphia, 49 years old, made a 'declaration for pension of children under sixteen years of age' (p.31)
Margaret was the legal guardian of Ella Hood (p.31)
residence 2511 Jasper St, Philadelphia PA (p.31)
dated 29 March 1877 (p.31)
application 128443 (p.32)
Alexander Ragan and Henry Fields testified in her behalf (Venango St, 25th ward, Philadelphia) (p.31)
22 May 1877
guardian was informed (?) that 'new declaration must be provided before further action can be taken' (p.72)
25 May 1877
Margaret Taylor applied for restoration of pension as guardian of Jas R Hood, Samuel Hood, Robert Hood, and Ellen E Hood, under the act of 14 July 1862 (p.33)
resident of Philadelphia, 49 years old (p.33)
dated 24 May 1877 (p.33)
Jas L Penniman 708 Walnut St Philadelphia attorney (p.33)
witnesses: Alexander Ragan and Mary Ann Ragan, 408 Ann St, Philadelphia (pp.33-34)
28 May 1877
'R + A' was informed that they were 'to resume' paying the pension, and the 'Pensioner [was] so informed' (p.72)
29 May 1877
the pension office sent a letter to the Pension Agent, telling them to resume payment, but to deduct a fee of $10 for J L Pennington
26 May 1877
payment was resumed (p.62)
attorney J L Penninan [?] 708 Walnut St, Philadelphia (p.62)
30 Jan 1903
John Taylor died, 73 years old, married, died of paralysis, born England, died on York Rd above Chelten Ave, 42nd ward, Philadelphia, buried Hillside Cemetery (pp.41, 52)
Taylor never served in the Army or Navy (p.52)
her only support was her daily labor, and her net income was less that $250 / year (p.52)
witnesses: John Somerville and Margaret J Rushton (Philadelphia residents) (p.53)
certified copy received by Pension Office 12 June 1903 (p.41)
2 Apr 1903
Margaret Taylor, 80, post office address Old York Road above Chelten Avenue, Philadelphia PA, applied for restoration of pension under the act of 3 March 1901 (pp.42, 51, 52, 61)
attorney W V Sickel (pp.42, 51, 52)
dated 31 March 1903 (p.52)
approved 19 Aug 1903, she received $12 per month, retroactive to 2 April 1903 (pp.51, 54, 76)
the pension certficate was issued on 27 August 1903 (p.76)
12 June 1903
Margaret Rushton swore to various facts supporting Margaret Taylor's application for restoration of pension (p.45)
75 years old, resident of Frankford, Philadelphia, post office address 1564 Adams Street (p.45)
dated 9 June 1903 (p.45)
Margaret and John Taylor lived together without interruption from their marriage until his death (p.45)
since 2 April 1903 Margaret has had no income except from her daily labor (p.45)
13 June 1903
Margaret Taylor, 80, post office address Old York Road above Chelten Avenue, Philadelphia (p.47)
facts as above
she owned no property since 2 April 1903 (p.47)
13 June 1903
James Hood, 48, son of Margaret Taylor and James Hood, post office address 2728 Garnet SC [?] testified in support of Margaret Taylor's application for restoration of pension about marriages and lack of property or support (p.49)
dated 11 June 1903 (p.49)
23 June 1903
the Board of Revision of Taxes certified that Margaret Taylor had no real, personal, or mixed property assessed for 1903 (p.43)
9 May 1906
Margaret Taylor died (p.59)
buried 12 May 1906 from the residence of her son George Hood, Limekiln Pike and Earthurn [?] St, Pittville (p.59)
12 Dec 1908
the Pension Office a letter to the postmaster, of Philadelphia, asking for Margaret Taylor's post office address or date of death (pp.54, 73)
her address in May 1906 was 2140 E York St (p.73)
23 Dec 1908
the Postmaster replied to the Pension Office's letter of 12 December 1908 that they could not find any information about Margaret Taylor (p.74)
20 Jan 1909
the Pension Office requested the Secretary of the Board of Health to state whether they had records of the death of Margaret Taylor, 'as a matter of courtesy as there is no fund which can be drawn upon in payment for information of this character' (p.75)
the letter is endorsed: 'cannot find' (p.75)
26 Jan 1909
the Pension Office sent a letter to Mrs Margaret Rushton, 1564 Adams St, Philadelphia, asking for Margaret Taylor's address or date of death (pp.54, 56)
30 Jan 1909
Mrs Margaret Rushton [apparently] wrote a letter to the Pension Office with information about Margaret Taylor's death (summarized above) (p.59)
dated 29 Jan 1919 [sic] (pp.60, 61)
4 Feb 1909
Margaret Hood now Taylor was dropped from the pension rolls because she died on 9 May 1906 (p.20)
last paid at $12 per month to 4 May 1906 (pp.20, 54)
[Interment in the City Point, Va. National Cemetery]
[transcribed from Ancestry, 27 October 2012]
REGIMENT 91 Pa Inf
DATE OF DEATH June 19 1864
DATE OF INTERMENT [blank]
GRAVE MARK Grave No. 2973
REMARKS Originally buried Point of Rocks,Va.